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Results 401 - 450 of 1838
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Truong Francoise - - 2009
Cytopenia is a common problem in hematology outpatient clinics and among hospitalized patients. A bone marrow (BM) aspirate and biopsy are often performed to rule out an infiltrative versus intrinsic BM process, such as myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS). We have previously described a flow cytometric (FCM) assay useful in diagnosing MDS ...
Bartuseviciene Aldona - - 2009
We report four sporadic and three familial patients with Camurati-Engelmann disease. One patient had follow-up examinations over 8 years. Pain in the extremities and muscle weakness were common clinical symptoms. Most patients also had cranial nerve impairment, hepatosplenomegaly, a waddling gait, and elevated serum alkaline phosphatase levels. Long bones were ...
Shipounova Irina N - - 2009
Mechanisms of hematopoietic failure in patients with aplastic anemia (AA) are obscure. We investigate alterations in the hematopoietic microenvironment in AA patients. We present the results of studying mesenchymal stromal cells (MSC), fibroblastic colony-forming units (CFU-F), and adherent cell layers (ACL) of long-term bone marrow cultures (LTBMC) from bone marrow ...
Kirkpantur A - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Limited studies have shown that proton pump inhibitor (PPI) therapy may decrease bone density or insoluble calcium reabsorption through induction of hypochlorhydria. However, PPI therapy may also reduce bone resorption via inhibition of osteoclastic vacuolar proton pumps. The aim of this study was to determine whether the opposing effects ...
Rider Nicholas L - - 2009
Cartilage-hair hypoplasia is a short limbed skeletal dysplasia associated with impairments in host-defense. To better understand the clinical heterogeneity of this disorder, we studied 25 Amish patients with homozygous mutations in RMRP (RMRP 70 A>G). Despite mutation homogeneity, eight (32%) patients had severe or recurrent infections, two (8%) of these ...
Liu Wenpeng - - 2009
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The coexistence of scoliosis and split cord malformation (SCM) is often encountered. The characteristics of the osseous septum of SCM are still unknown to us. Here we try to delineate the configuration and nature of the osseous septa. The correlation between scoliosis and SCM is also discussed. METHODS: 48 ...
Arvio Maria - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate bone mineral density (BMD) and hormonal status in female patients with intellectual disability and a history of progestin-induced amenorrhea. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Nursing home. SAMPLE: The study included 51 patients with a history of therapeutic amenorrhea (age 23-77 years, mean 45 years); 115 staff members (age ...
Bolton C E - - 2009
Matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) has been implicated in airways injury in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Osteoporosis is common in patients with COPD, and MMP-9 is an indicator of activated osteoclasts. We hypothesized that circulating MMP-9 would be related to bone mineral density (BMD) in COPD. We explored the relationship between ...
Gupta P K - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria (PNH) is characterized by intravascular hemolysis, marrow failure, nocturnal hemoglobinuria and thrombophila. This acquired disease caused by a deficiency of glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI) anchored proteins on the hematopoietic cells is uncommon in the Indian population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data of patients diagnosed with PNH in the past ...
Ondrusova M - - 2009
Improved survival of testicular cancer (TC) patients leads to rising of interest on the disease consequences for the whole organism (impact on hormonal status, bone metabolism). The aim of the study was to present three years experience with hormonal and osteologic examination in long-term survivors of TC. During the period ...
Pluskiewicz Wojciech - - 2009
This study established bone mineral density in subjects with ulcerative colitis with respect to disease dissemination and severity and the association between skeletal status and vitamin D receptor (VDR) polymorphism. Forty-seven patients aged 47.6 +/- 14.8 years and 47 age- and sex-matched control subjects were evaluated. Disease duration was 8.6 ...
Guañabens Núria - - 2009
The influence of osteoprotegerin and RANKL as regulators of osteoclastogenesis and bone remodeling in liver disease and in the development of osteoporosis in primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC) is uncertain. Therefore, 68 women with PBC and 20 healthy females were studied by assessing circulating osteoprotegerin and RANKL. Bone mineral density and ...
Leung Ting Fan - - 2009
Osteoporosis is a common complication in thalassemia major (TM). Our previous study demonstrated severe bone mineral density (BMD) deficits at spine and hip in 62 and 35% of TM patients. This study assessed the effects of different treatments (calcium, vitamin D and bisphosphonate) on patients' BMD, which was measured at ...
Milinkovi? Neda Lj - - 2009
Deficient serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] may contribute to the impaired bone turnover of end stage renal disease patients. In 112 hemodialysed patients we analysed the relation between 25(OH)D and bone alkaline phosphatase (BALP), beta-CrossLaps (beta-CTx) and iPTH. We analysed parameters according to the manufacturers' instructions. We found potentially significant vitamin ...
Wani Fouzia R - - 2009
The Prevalence of exfiolative glaucoma has shown extensive variation all over world ranging from 0 to 50%. To know the prevalence of exfoliative glaucoma in Kashmir. A hospital based cross-sectional study was conducted from January 2006 to January 2007 on 300 patients with documented raised intra ocular pressure (IOP), glaucomatous ...
Debnam J M JM Department of Radiology, Section of Neuroradiology, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center; Houston,Texas, USA - - - 2008
We describe a unique imaging appearance of focal cement accumulation inside lytic metastatic lesions in four patients with pathologic vertebral fractures undergoing vertebroplasty. This appearance differs from the normal, trabecular appearance of cement distribution in osteoporotic vertebrae. Two patients, in whom the lytic metastasis was completely filled with cement, had ...
Bining Harjinder J S - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate whether a commercially available time-efficient T2 mapping sequence will demonstrate findings of articular cartilage degeneration based on T2 relaxation values (RV) and color maps, using subchondral bone marrow edema (BME) as a marker for chondral damage. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The patient group consisted of ...
Dore Franca - - 2009
Endovenous bisphosphonate therapy seems associated with osteonecrosis of the jaw. The aim of this study was to evaluate the additional diagnostic value of hybrid SPECT/CT in 99mTc-methylene diphosphonate 3-phase bone scintigraphy of osteonecrosis of the jaw in bisphosphonate-treated patients. METHODS: We studied 15 patients (12 women and 3 men) with ...
Papadakis Michael - - 2009
The curvature of the lumbar spine and the risk of developing either osteoporosis (OP) or osteoarthritis (OA) are influenced by many common factors. The aim of this study is to determine whether lumbar lordosis is different between patients with either disease and healthy persons. A cross-sectional, blinded, controlled design was ...
Weinreb Neal - - 2008
To assess the extent to which patients with type 1 Gaucher disease (GD1) receiving individualized enzyme replacement therapy with imiglucerase attain six defined therapeutic goals. One hundred and ninety-five GD1 patients enrolled in the ICGG Gaucher Registry, all of whom had data available for hemoglobin, platelet count, liver volume, spleen ...
Saltik-Temizel Inci Nur - - 2008
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Bone demineralization is a significant problem in pediatric inflammatory bowel disease. Contributing factors include inadequate nutrition, corticosteroid therapy and decreased physical activity. Although zinc is needed for osteoblastic activity and collagen synthesis, its role in bone development is uncertain. The aim of this study was to investigate the relation ...
Barbaro D - - 2008
AIM: Charcot neuro osteoarthropathy (NAC) is a devastating foot complication which is associated to peripheral neuropathy. The aim of this study was to investigate the changes in foot bone mass in patients with peripheral neuropathy and to correlate this with calcium metabolism in diabetes. METHODS: The study included three groups ...
Mendrone Alfredo A - - 2008
We reviewed the data of 307 patients treated with autologous bone marrow transplantation with the aim to identify factors associated with poor hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) mobilization after administration of cyclophosphamide and granulocyte-colony stimulating factor. Success in mobilization was defined when > or = 2.0 x 10(6) CD34+ cells/kg weight ...
Ganc Daniel T - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether there is a difference in the pneumatization of temporal bones with otosclerosis versus normal temporal bones. METHODS: A retrospective study of 46 ears from 24 adult patients with otosclerosis and 64 ears from 47 adult patients in a control group. The study group included temporal bone ...
Pérez-Castrillón José Luis - - 2009
To evaluate the effect of atorvastatin on bone mass and markers of bone remodeling in patients with acute coronary syndrome according to the Lys656Asn leptin receptor gene polymorphism. Sixty-two patients with acute coronary syndrome were included. Patients were allocated to low and high doses of atorvastatin according to baseline levels ...
Roque Pedro - - 2008
Adamantinoma is a rare tumour, which most often affects the tibia and produces lytic and sometimes destructive lesions, which can cause fractures. The lesions occur principally in adults and are more common in males. A small percentage of the patients develop metastases, sometimes quite late in the course. Our institution ...
Fernandes Cesar E - - 2009
This multicenter, open-label study evaluated the effects of short-term risedronate on bone resorption and patient satisfaction in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis in Brazil. Entry requirements included: osteoporosis of the spine/femoral neck diagnosed by a bone mineral density (BMD) T-score<or=-2.5 or radiographic fragility fracture within the last year and no treatment ...
Manion Elizabeth M - - 2008
Increasing numbers of bone marrow aspirates and core biopsies are done in very elderly people; there is little published literature regarding the usefulness of bone marrow biopsies in these patients. We undertook a retrospective review of 119 bone marrow aspirates and biopsies from patients 85 years or older. These procedures ...
Musto Pellegrino - - 2008
Thalidomide represents one of the most relevant therapeutic advances for patients with multiple myeloma over the last 10 years. Despite some toxicities, it has demonstrated significant efficacy in elderly patients, as well as in the setting of younger subjects receiving autologous stem cell transplantation. Here, we report and discuss the ...
Dovio Andrea - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: .Microvascular damage is an early pathogenetic event in systemic sclerosis (SSc). The receptor activator of nuclear factor-kappaB ligand (RANKL)/RANK/osteoprotegerin (OPG) system is involved in vascular biology. Our aim was to assess OPG and soluble RANKL (sRANKL) serum levels in patients with SSc and healthy controls. METHODS: Sixty patients with ...
Huh Hee Jin - - 2008
We evaluated the usefulness of interphase fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) for the detection of bone marrow involvement of lymphoma, comparing the results with those of microscopic examination. Bone marrow aspirates obtained for staging work-up from 150 patients with non-Hodgkin lymphoma were used in this study. Interphase FISH study using ...
Carmagnola Daniela - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: We tested the hypothesis that patients on bisphosphonates with ONJ might have a poorer dental and periodontal history than non-ONJ patients. Our aim was to retrospectively compare medical and oral history of patients on bisphosphonates with and without ONJ. STUDY DESIGN: A total of 39 oncologic patients on bisphosphonates ...
Mendoza-Pinto Claudia - - 2009
The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and risk factors for low bone mineral density (BMD) in women with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). A cross-sectional study was conducted among 100 pre-menopausal patients with SLE. Patients were evaluated using a questionnaire about the following variables: age, disease duration, ...
Heijckmann Anna Caroline - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Earlier studies have documented that the prevalence of decreased bone mineral density (BMD) is elevated in patients with inflammatory bowel disease. The objective of this study was to investigate the prevalence of vertebral deformities in inflammatory bowel disease patients and their relation with BMD and bone turnover. METHODS: One ...
Hasselbalch Hans Carl - - 2009
Myelofibrosis with myeloid metaplasia (MMM) is the end stage of the Philadelphia-negative chronic myeloproliferative disorders, the classical clinical phenotype being featured by leukoerythroblastic anemia, bone marrow fibrosis and enlargement of the spleen and liver. In the early prefibrotic phase a proportion of the patients may be wrongly classified as having ...
Teparrakkul P - - 2008
Melioidosis, an infection caused by the bacterium Burkholderia pseudomallei, has a wide range of clinical manifestations. Here, we describe rheumatological melioidosis (involving one or more of joint, bone or muscle), and compare features and outcome with patients without rheumatological involvement. A retrospective study of patients with culture-confirmed melioidosis admitted to ...
Fenoy Albert J - - 2008
OBJECT: Patients with hindbrain herniation or the so-called Chiari malformation Type I (CM-I) and/or syringohydromyelia are treated with dorsal decompression alone; however, a small percentage of patients with other associated abnormalities require concomitant dorsal craniocervical junction (CCJ) fusion. The authors surveyed the indications for CCJ fusions in this population. METHODS: ...
Peris P - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to analyse the clinical characteristics and etiological factors related to male osteoporosis in patients attending an out-patient rheumatology department during an 11-year period (1995-2006), as well as to compare them with the observed characteristics in a previous study performed 12 years ago. METHODS: ...
Zoehrer Ruth R Ludwig Boltzmann Institute of Osteology, Hanusch Hospital of WGKK (Social Health Insurance Vienna), Vienna, - - 2008
Mild primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) is characterized by asymptomatic hypercalcemia, most commonly in the absence of classical signs and symptoms. Hence, there is need to characterize this disorder with particular attention to the skeleton. We determined the ratio of pyridinium and dehydrodihydroxylysinonorleucine collagen cross-links in 46 iliac crest bone biopsies from ...
Suyani Elif - - 2008
We investigated the association between familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) and osteoporosis (OP) in adult patients. Thirty-five attack-free FMF patients (28 females, 7 males; mean age 36.9 +/- 5.7 years) were individually matched to control subjects on the basis of age (within 2 years) and sex. All patients were taking regular ...
Lewiecki E M - - 2008
Patients treated with pharmacological agents to improve bone strength and reduce fracture risk may not achieve optimal skeletal benefit for reasons that include poor compliance and persistence, inadequate calcium and vitamin D intake, malabsorption, and medications or co-morbidities with adverse skeletal effects. Monitoring the effects of therapy can inform the ...
Rubin Mishaela R MR Department of Medicine, Columbia University, College of Physicians and Surgeons, 630 West 168th Street, New York, New York 10032, - - 2008
Primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) often presents without classical symptoms such as overt skeletal disease or nephrolithiasis. We previously reported that calciotropic indices and bone mineral density (BMD) are stable in untreated patients for up to a decade, whereas after parathyroidectomy, normalization of biochemistries and increases in BMD ensue. The objective of ...
Vosse D - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: There is a lack of knowledge on factors that reliably can predict radiological changes in patients with AS. We have investigated whether urinary C-terminal cross-linking telopeptide of type I (CTX-I) and type II (CTX-II) collagen, as specific biochemical markers of bone and cartilage degradation, respectively, are associated with radiological ...
Giovanella Luca - - 2008
AIM: The first pathogenetic step in multiple myeloma is the emergence of a limited number of clonal plasma cells, clinically known as monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS). Patients with MGUS do not have symptoms or end-organ damage but they do have a 1% annual risk of progression to multiple ...
Wada Akifusa - - 2008
We retrospectively reviewed the clinical, laboratory, and magnetic resonance (MR) imaging features of 8 patients with septic sacroiliitis. The age of the patients ranged from 4.3 to 15.2 years. None of the patients were accurately diagnosed before presentation. Misdiagnosis was largely caused by the wide variety of clinical symptoms including ...
Kamanli Ayhan - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: This study assesses bone mineral density (BMD) in the lumbar spine, proximal femur and hand, and examines the relationship between BMD and disease duration, Hoehn and Yahr staging in Turkish elderly patients with Parkinson's disease (PD). DESIGN: Twenty-four PD patients and 31 age- and sex-matched controls took ...
Waller Simon - - 2008
Renal osteodystrophy (ROD) develops early in the course of chronic kidney disease (CKD). With improving patient survival it's importance and relevance has increased. The last published bone biopsy data in children prior to renal replacement therapy (RRT) was in 1982, which demonstrated abnormal histology in all patients with a glomerular ...
Khadgawat Rajesh - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) have low bone mineral density (BMD). Dietary calcium is important for them in the prevention of osteopenia and osteoporosis. There are no reports on the status of BMD in Indian patients with IBD. METHODS: Dietary calcium intake and cumulative steroid and immunosuppressive drug ...
Hamada Toshihisa - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Recalcitrant pyodermic lesions and neutrophilic dermatoses are often associated with subclinical myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS). In this case series, we assessed the diagnostic importance of karyotypic analysis of bone marrow cells in 4 patients with MDS-associated pyodermic eruptions treated at our university hospital. Karyotypic analysis was performed in bone marrow ...
Sadat-Ali Mir - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The exact cause of osteoporosis in patients with sickle cell disease (SCD) is not known, and various hypotheses have been put forward. AIM: To assess the effect of sex steroids on bone mass in SCD patients. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: In King Fahd Hospital of the university, Alkhobar, Saudi Arabia, ...
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