Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 1823
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Piran Siavash - - 2009
Gaucher disease (GD) is a lysosomal storage disorder characterized by anemia and thrombocytopenia, hepatosplenomegaly, and skeletal involvement. The management of Gaucher disease was improved by the development of enzyme replacement therapy (ERT). However, the bone response to ERT is generally slower compared to other clinical manifestations. Some have recommended the ...
Fallahi Babak - - 2009
Multi-drug resistance (MDR) is a major challenge in the treatment of multiple myeloma (MM). There is low sensitivity of technetium-99m methoxy isobutyl isonitrile ((99m)Tc-MIBI) whole body scan (WBS) in the detection of active MM lesions, because (99m)Tc-MIBI is washed out from malignant cells in the presence of P-glycoprotein (PGP). The ...
Pavesi Elisa - - 2009
The determination of telomere length is useful for the characterization of dyskeratosis congenita (DC) and of aplastic anemias (AA) as well as hematological malignancies. Short telomeres result from a specific defect of telomere maintenance in DC and likely from higher cellular turnover in AA and hematological malignancies. Data are not ...
Muxí Africa - - 2009
Hemodialysis needs an arteriovenous fistula (AVF) that may influence the structure and growth of nearby bone and affect bone mass measurement. The study analyzed the effect of AVF in the assessment of forearm bone mineral density (BMD) measured by dual energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA) and examined its influence on the ...
Pérez Castrillón José Luis - - 2010
The Wnt-LPR5 signalling pathway plays an important role in skeletal homeostasis, especially in regulating osteoblastic activity. Activation of this pathway is regulated by various inhibitors, including DKK1. The objective of this study was to evaluate DKK1 levels in patients with ischemic heart disease, the response to atorvastatin and the relationship ...
Tiu Chui-Mei - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Turner syndrome (TS) is a congenital chromosomal abnormality, resulting in short stature, short fourth metacarpal, and retarded skeletal maturation in children. The existing methods of diagnosis, which include carpal angle, metacarpal sign, and body mass index (BMI), cannot accurately diagnose TS. The authors propose a novel procedure for examining ...
Rabquer Bradley J - - 2009
Much of the work aimed at elucidating the pathogenesis of osteonecrosis (ON) of the femoral head has focused on bone blood supply, with little attention to the surrounding synovial tissue (ST). We hypothesized that patients with ON exhibit synovial inflammation. Using immunohistological techniques, we found that a large population of ...
George Joe - - 2009
AIM: To estimate the prevalence and identify the risk factors for metabolic bone disease in patients with cirrhosis. METHODS: The study was performed on 72 Indian patients with cirrhosis (63 male, nine female; aged < 50 years). Etiology of cirrhosis was alcoholism (n = 37), hepatitis B (n = 25) ...
Orhan K - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To compare the signal intensity (SI) of mandibular condyle bone marrow (MCBM) and the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disc in patients with chronic anaemia and healthy subjects, and to investigate the relationships between bone marrow changes, age, types of anaemia and severity of anaemia. METHODS: MRIs of 18 patients with ...
Im C H - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is an inflammatory arthritis involving the axial skeleton. Decreased bone mineral density has also been reported in AS patients. This study sought to determine whether osteoclastogenesis and osteoclast activity are increased in AS. METHODS: Twenty patients with AS were evaluated using the Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease ...
Hamoudeh Eyad - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical and laboratory work-up for secondary causes of bone loss in a primary care setting. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective review of medical records of 100 patients with either osteoporosis or osteopenia, who presented to a university-based primary care clinic. Patients with chronic kidney disease or ...
Hoefert Sebastian - - 2010
The aim of this study was to evaluate a possible role of microcracks in the pathogenesis of bisphosphonate-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (ONJ) and to discuss an etiological model. Bone samples from 35 patients with ONJ were analyzed. Control samples were taken from five patients with osteomyelitis (OM), ten patients ...
Szappanos A - - 2010
We investigated bone turnover and its restoration in a large number of patients in the active phase and after cure of endogenous Cushing's syndrome. Furthermore, the usefulness of serum osteocalcin and collagen breakdown products as potential markers of active Cushing's syndrome was also evaluated. Suppressed bone formation is one of ...
Haeck I M - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a chronic inflammatory skin disease commonly treated with topical corticosteroids. The inflammatory nature of this disorder and the use of topical corticosteroids represent potential risk factors for bone loss. OBJECTIVES: The aim was to assess the prevalence of osteoporosis and osteopenia in adult patients with ...
Kuivalainen Anna-Maria - - 2010
Infiltration anaesthesia with articaine, a local anaesthetic able to penetrate bone, may relieve procedural pain better than lidocaine in bone marrow aspiration and biopsy. This randomised, double-blind study comprised 150 patients with suspected or known haematologic disease. Either articaine 20mg/ml (50 patients), articaine 40mg/ml (49 patients) or lidocaine 20mg/ml (51 ...
Chen Lin-Chi - - 2010
BACKGROUND: GD2/GM2 synthase is a key enzyme in the synthesis of GD2 and GM2 gangliosides found on the surface of neuroblastoma and small cell lung carcinoma (SCLC) cells. In neuroblastoma, persistent levels of GD2/GM2 synthase RNA in bone marrow (BM) following therapy portend poorer progression-free and overall survival. We conducted ...
Yildirim Kadir - - 2010
This study was carried out to determine lumbar and femoral bone mineral density (BMD) in patients with familial Mediterranean fever (FMF), an autosomal-recessive disease characterized by recurrent episodes of peritonitis, pleuritis, and arthritis, which are usually associated with fever. In patients with FMF and control subjects, erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) ...
Seitz S - - 2010
Although it is known that neurofibromatosis 1 (NF1) patients suffer from vitamin D deficiency and display decreased bone mineral density (BMD), a systematic clinical and histomorphometrical analysis is absent. Our data demonstrate that NF1 patients display high bone turnover and accumulation of osteoid and that supplementation of vitamin D has ...
Schanz Julie - - 2009
Myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) are characterized by hypercellular bone marrow, peripheral cytopenia and an increased rate of intramedullary apoptosis. Oxidative stress is known as an important factor that leads to apoptosis in MDS. Thus, amifostine was investigated in a randomized, multicentre phase II-study (n = 44 pts.; 22 amifostine, 22 best ...
Hütter Gero - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Changes of the peripheral blood cell count in patients with anorexia nervosa (AN) are frequent. Anemia and leukopenia are observed in one-third of these patients. Examination of the bone marrow reveals in almost 50% of the patients with AN signs of bone marrow atrophy and can additionally suffer from ...
Gill Sonia B - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Bisphosphonate-related osteonecrosis of the jaws is a rare, but morbid, condition. We present the clinical and imaging features of 19 patients. METHODS: A review of 19 bisphosphonate-related osteonecrosis patients was performed. Patient demographics, diagnosis, dental procedures, symptoms and clinical findings, location and pattern of involvement, and presence of fractures, ...
Jeong Ki-Heon - - 2009
Primary osteoma cutis is characterized by the formation of normal bone tissue in the dermis or subcutis without any underlying tissue abnormality or pre-existing calcification. This illness is associated with Albright hereditary osteodystrophy (AHO), which is characterized by such physical features as a short stature, round face, obesity, brachydactyly and ...
Phabphal Kanitpong - - 2009
PURPOSE: Antiepileptic drugs have been reported to reduce bone mineral density (BMD) in several countries with varying prevalence but in studies with small sample size and inadequate assessment of confounders, and rarely including young adults. We sought to determine the prevalence, vitamin D status and risk factors for low BMD ...
Ng K P - - 2009
This study aims to report the concomitant diseases observed and damage outcome in a cohort of patients with adult idiopathic inflammatory myositis (IIM) during long-term follow-up. All patients with IIM were identified from a single centre (follow-up between 1979 and 2006) and fulfilled at least three of the four Bohan ...
Heinrichs S - - 2009
Progress in the management of patients with myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) has been hampered by the inability to detect cytogenetic abnormalities in 40-60% of cases. We prospectively analyzed matched pairs of bone marrow and buccal cell (normal) DNA samples from 51 MDS patients by single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) arrays, and identified ...
Ma J - - 2009
This study investigated the specific morphology of the mandibular ramus at the lingual plane in patients with mandibular hyperplasia using spiral computed tomography. The subjects were 25 patients with mandibular hyperplasia undergoing sagittal split ramus osteotomy and there were 20 patients without dentofacial deformities in the control group. The thickness ...
Campbell Peter J PJ Department of Haematology, Cambridge Institute for Medical Research, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, - - 2009
Essential thrombocythemia (ET) manifests substantial interpatient heterogeneity in rates of thrombosis, hemorrhage, and disease transformation. Bone marrow histology reflects underlying disease activity in ET but many morphological features show poor reproducibility. We evaluated the clinical significance of bone marrow reticulin, a measure previously shown to have relatively high interobserver reliability, ...
Shigematsu Akio - - 2009
Cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection is 1 of the major causes of morbidity in patients undergoing allogeneic stem cell transplantation (allo-SCT). The incidences of CMV antigenemia and CMV disease in 43 patients who received allogeneic bone marrow transplantation (BMT) using a reduced-intensity conditioning (RIC) regimen, which mainly consisted of fludarabine (Flu), busulfan ...
Yilmaz Abdulkerim - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: There are very few data about relations between leptin and bone mineral density (BMD) in regular haemodialysed patients. We aimed to examine the relationship of serum leptin levels with BMD values in dialysed patients. We also assessed whether leptin is a significant predictor of BMD in haemodialysed patients. MATERIALS ...
Yeh Ching-Hua - - 2009
Osteonecrosis (ON) is commonly caused by high doses of glucocorticoids or ethanol intake. We previously reported suppression of BMP-2 by dexamethasone was more pronounced and enhancement by lovastatin was less pronounced in bone marrow stromal cells (BMSCs) from patients with ON than from patients without ON. We therefore presumed the ...
Franco C B - - 2009
We did a cross-sectional analysis of chronic pulmonary obstructive disease (COPD) patients without chronic use of systemic glucocorticoids (CUG). Osteoporosis was found in 51% and bone mineral density (BMD) was correlated with severity of disease. Low levels of vitamin D were found in 94%. All COPD patients may benefit from ...
Pietrapertosa A C - - 2009
Osteoporosis represents an important cause of morbidity in thalassaemia major patients; the etiopathogenesis is multifactorial and includes expansion of the bone marrow, endocrine disorders, iron overload and genetic factors. Two cytokines, osteoprotegerin (OPG) and receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa B ligand (RANKL), have recently been identified as important mediators ...
Saylam Güleser - - 2009
Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) is basically an inflammatory disease of the mucosa and periosteum of the sinuses. The possibility of local osteitis can cause persistent mucosal inflammation and lead to failure of treatment. Bone scintigraphy is the gold standard procedure for detecting the bone involvement. This study was designed to evaluate ...
Erhart S - - 2009
Breath gas samples from 27 patients with epilepsy (17 male and 10 female patients; mean age: 9.7 years, median age: 8.2 years, SD: ±4.2 years) were screened via proton transfer reaction mass spectrometry. The patients were treated with valproic acid (VPA) therapy, and blood samples for determination of VPA concentrations ...
Fizazi Karim - - 2009
Patients with bone metastases and elevated urinary N-telopeptide (uNTx), representing excessive bone resorption, are at increased risk for skeletal-related events (SREs), cancer progression, and death. Osteoclast-mediated bone resorption is regulated by RANKL. We evaluated the effect of denosumab, a fully human monoclonal antibody against RANKL, in patients with bone metastases ...
Truong Francoise - - 2009
Cytopenia is a common problem in hematology outpatient clinics and among hospitalized patients. A bone marrow (BM) aspirate and biopsy are often performed to rule out an infiltrative versus intrinsic BM process, such as myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS). We have previously described a flow cytometric (FCM) assay useful in diagnosing MDS ...
Bartuseviciene Aldona - - 2009
We report four sporadic and three familial patients with Camurati-Engelmann disease. One patient had follow-up examinations over 8 years. Pain in the extremities and muscle weakness were common clinical symptoms. Most patients also had cranial nerve impairment, hepatosplenomegaly, a waddling gait, and elevated serum alkaline phosphatase levels. Long bones were ...
Shipounova Irina N - - 2009
Mechanisms of hematopoietic failure in patients with aplastic anemia (AA) are obscure. We investigate alterations in the hematopoietic microenvironment in AA patients. We present the results of studying mesenchymal stromal cells (MSC), fibroblastic colony-forming units (CFU-F), and adherent cell layers (ACL) of long-term bone marrow cultures (LTBMC) from bone marrow ...
Kirkpantur A - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Limited studies have shown that proton pump inhibitor (PPI) therapy may decrease bone density or insoluble calcium reabsorption through induction of hypochlorhydria. However, PPI therapy may also reduce bone resorption via inhibition of osteoclastic vacuolar proton pumps. The aim of this study was to determine whether the opposing effects ...
Rider Nicholas L - - 2009
Cartilage-hair hypoplasia is a short limbed skeletal dysplasia associated with impairments in host-defense. To better understand the clinical heterogeneity of this disorder, we studied 25 Amish patients with homozygous mutations in RMRP (RMRP 70 A>G). Despite mutation homogeneity, eight (32%) patients had severe or recurrent infections, two (8%) of these ...
Liu Wenpeng - - 2009
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The coexistence of scoliosis and split cord malformation (SCM) is often encountered. The characteristics of the osseous septum of SCM are still unknown to us. Here we try to delineate the configuration and nature of the osseous septa. The correlation between scoliosis and SCM is also discussed. METHODS: 48 ...
Arvio Maria - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate bone mineral density (BMD) and hormonal status in female patients with intellectual disability and a history of progestin-induced amenorrhea. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Nursing home. SAMPLE: The study included 51 patients with a history of therapeutic amenorrhea (age 23-77 years, mean 45 years); 115 staff members (age ...
Bolton C E - - 2009
Matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) has been implicated in airways injury in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Osteoporosis is common in patients with COPD, and MMP-9 is an indicator of activated osteoclasts. We hypothesized that circulating MMP-9 would be related to bone mineral density (BMD) in COPD. We explored the relationship between ...
Gupta P K - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria (PNH) is characterized by intravascular hemolysis, marrow failure, nocturnal hemoglobinuria and thrombophila. This acquired disease caused by a deficiency of glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI) anchored proteins on the hematopoietic cells is uncommon in the Indian population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data of patients diagnosed with PNH in the past ...
Ondrusova M - - 2009
Improved survival of testicular cancer (TC) patients leads to rising of interest on the disease consequences for the whole organism (impact on hormonal status, bone metabolism). The aim of the study was to present three years experience with hormonal and osteologic examination in long-term survivors of TC. During the period ...
Pluskiewicz Wojciech - - 2009
This study established bone mineral density in subjects with ulcerative colitis with respect to disease dissemination and severity and the association between skeletal status and vitamin D receptor (VDR) polymorphism. Forty-seven patients aged 47.6 +/- 14.8 years and 47 age- and sex-matched control subjects were evaluated. Disease duration was 8.6 ...
Guañabens Núria - - 2009
The influence of osteoprotegerin and RANKL as regulators of osteoclastogenesis and bone remodeling in liver disease and in the development of osteoporosis in primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC) is uncertain. Therefore, 68 women with PBC and 20 healthy females were studied by assessing circulating osteoprotegerin and RANKL. Bone mineral density and ...
Leung Ting Fan - - 2009
Osteoporosis is a common complication in thalassemia major (TM). Our previous study demonstrated severe bone mineral density (BMD) deficits at spine and hip in 62 and 35% of TM patients. This study assessed the effects of different treatments (calcium, vitamin D and bisphosphonate) on patients' BMD, which was measured at ...
Milinkovi? Neda Lj - - 2009
Deficient serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] may contribute to the impaired bone turnover of end stage renal disease patients. In 112 hemodialysed patients we analysed the relation between 25(OH)D and bone alkaline phosphatase (BALP), beta-CrossLaps (beta-CTx) and iPTH. We analysed parameters according to the manufacturers' instructions. We found potentially significant vitamin ...
Wani Fouzia R - - 2009
The Prevalence of exfiolative glaucoma has shown extensive variation all over world ranging from 0 to 50%. To know the prevalence of exfoliative glaucoma in Kashmir. A hospital based cross-sectional study was conducted from January 2006 to January 2007 on 300 patients with documented raised intra ocular pressure (IOP), glaucomatous ...
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