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Results 201 - 250 of 1838
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Al Okbi Muhammed Hesham - - 2011
Sickle cell disease (SCD) is characterized by intermittent episodes of vascular occlusion and end-organ damage. Neurologic symptoms are frequent and auditory involvement is not unexpected. To study the prevalence and pattern of hearing loss in Omani patients with SCD. We conducted a prospective case control study on SCD patients attending ...
Han Ji Won - - 2011
The criterion on functional activity in the revised diagnostic criteria for mild cognitive impairment (MCI) seems to be conceptually and operationally problematic.We investigated the predictive validity for dementia of this criterion in 140 patients with MCI who participated in the baseline study of the Korean Longitudinal Study on Health and ...
Derchi Giorgio - - 2011
AIMS: To determine the clinical management of cardiovascular complications, and the extent of cardiac left ventricular (LV) involvement, in a large cohort of homogenously treated patients with thalassaemia major. METHODS AND RESULTS: Participants were ≥16 years of age and diagnosed with thalassaemia major requiring regular blood transfusions since the age ...
Karaca Neslihan Edeer NE Department of Pediatric Immunology, Ege University Faculty of Medicine, 35100, Bornova, Izmir, Turkey. - - 2011
Hyper-IgM syndromes are characterized by normal or elevated serum IgM levels with the absence or reduced levels of other immunoglobulins. There are some patients with defective class-switch recombination (CSR) who do not have CD40L, CD40, AID, and UNG defects. The aim of this study is to determine the B-cell functions ...
Ziakas N - - 2011
To assess the visual function of patients with keratoconus who underwent penetrating keratoplasty with the use of the VF-14 questionnaire. Fourteen patients (9 male and 5 female) with a mean age of 38 years (SD 13.59) participated in the study. All patients had keratoconus, confirmed by corneal topography, and all had ...
Sugimoto Keisuke - - 2011
Introduction: We evaluated the relationship between abnormalities of tubular architecture and tubulointerstitial nephritis antigen (TIN-ag) in juvenile nephronophthisis (J-NPH). Method: 16 J-NPH patients were examined. Nephrocystin-1, TIN-ag, and type IV collagen, Fas antigen, and the C5b-9 complement complex were stained by immunohistochemical methods. Results: Renal tubules of patients with J-NPH ...
Cacchio Angelo - - 2011
A lack of normative data for transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS)-related measures of the lower limb muscles in patients with stroke prevents us from understanding whether changes in TMS-related measures are induced by treatment or are due to their variability and/or the natural evolution of the disease. The purpose of this ...
Parhizkar Nooshin N DO, Division of Pediatric Otolaryngology, Seattle Children's Hospital, 4800 Sand Point Way NE, Mail Stop W-7729, Seattle, WA 98105-0371, - - 2011
To compare airway infantile hemangiomas (IHs) and venous malformations (VMs) clinically, radiographically, endoscopically, and histologically. Retrospective cohort study. Tertiary care pediatric hospital. The study included patients seen in the Vascular Anomaly Clinic, Seattle Children's Hospital, Seattle, Washington, between 2001 and 2008. All patients with airway vascular anomalies were identified by ...
Anand Shuchi S Division of Nephrology, Department of Medicine, Stanford University School of Medicine, Palo Alto, California, USA. - - 2011
Patients on dialysis maintain extremely low levels of physical activity. Prior studies have demonstrated a direct correlation between nutrition and physical activity but provide conflicting data on the link between inflammation and physical activity. Using a cohort of patients new to dialysis from the Comprehensive Dialysis Study (CDS), we examined ...
Lorenzen Johan M - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Atherosclerosis is an inflammatory process mediated by circulating immune cells, including monocytes. There is accumulating evidence for the involvement of Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR-4) as a mediator of atherogenesis. METHODS: We evaluated the association between CD14+/TLR-4+ monocytes in peripheral blood (flow cytometry) and future cardiovascular events (CVE), e.g. myocardial ...
Valbuza Juliana Spelta - - 2011
PURPOSE: Patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) may have subclinical swallowing abnormalities due to progressive mechanical trauma of the pharyngeal tissues caused by snoring. There are few trials on swallowing among OSA patients, and most of them used videoradiography. The aim of this trial was to show swallowing function in ...
Torii Kan - - 2011
Pustulosis palmaris et plantaris (PPP) is a chronic recurrent dermatitis characterized by intraepidermal pustules with erythematous scaling on the palms and soles. PPP shares many characteristics with psoriasis, but has a different genetic background. T helper 17 cells (Th17) have an important role in the pathogenesis of psoriasis. In psoriasis, ...
Winkelmayer Wolfgang C WC Division of Nephrology, Stanford University School of Medicine, 780 Welch Road, Suite 106, Palo Alto, CA 94304, USA. - - 2011
A half million Americans have ESRD, which puts them at high risk for cardiovascular disease and poor outcomes. Little is known about the epidemiology of atrial fibrillation among patients with ESRD. We analyzed data from annual cohorts (1992 to 2006) of prevalent hemodialysis patients from the United States Renal Data ...
Damásio Joana - - 2011
The co-occurrence of tics and dystonia as an idiopathic condition has only rarely been reported. We report a series of patients with tics and persistent dystonia, with the aim of determining the prevalence and clinical characteristics of this syndrome. Analysis of clinical database of patients with tic disorders. From our ...
Shi M - - 2011
Background  Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a chronic relapsing inflammatory skin disease. There have been few detailed reports of the clinical evaluation of Chinese patients with AD. Objectives  To give a profile of the clinical features of Chinese AD patients in a university hospital setting. Methods  A total of 1008 cases ...
Mann Eugen - - 2011
ABSTRACT: Study Design. A prevalence and reliability study of Modic changes in the cervical spine.Objective. To assess the prevalence and reliability of diagnosing and classifying Modic changes and their relationship to disc herniations in the cervical spine.Summary of Background Data. Degenerative marrow (Modic) changes in the spine can be seen ...
Murakami Mizuho - - 2011
INTRODUCTION: The study was conducted to evaluate simultaneously gray matter changes and white matter changes in patients with schizophrenia. METHODS: Cortical thickness, gray matter volume, and white matter anisotropy and diffusivity changes in schizophrenic patients (n = 21) were assessed relative to age-, gender-, and parental socioeconomic status-matched healthy controls (n = 21). We ...
Thomas Mervyn G - - 2011
PURPOSE:: To characterize the retinal changes in patients with achromatopsia using an ultrahigh-resolution (UHR) spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (OCT) to examine how human achromatopsia corresponds to its animal model. DESIGN:: Comparative case series. PARTICIPANTS AND CONTROLS:: Ultrahigh-resolution OCT (Copernicus; OPTOPOL Technology S.A., Zawiercie, Poland; 3-μm axial resolution) was used to ...
Trabattoni Daniela - - 2011
Objectives: This single-center, observational, prospective study evaluated the impact of patent foramen ovale (PFO) closure on migraine attacks over time. Background: PFO closure may reduce the frequency and severity of migraine headaches in patients with significant right-to-left shunts. Methods: Between May 2000 and September 2009, 305 consecutive patients (mean age, ...
Trabattoni Daniela - - 2011
Objectives: This single-center, observational, prospective study evaluated the impact of patent foramen ovale (PFO) closure on migraine attacks over time. Background: PFO closure may reduce the frequency and severity of migraine headaches in patients with significant right-to-left shunts. Methods: Between May 2000 and September 2009, 305 consecutive patients (mean age, ...
Farina Roberto - - 2011
to assess the prevalence and distribution of bleeding on probing (BoP) in a cohort of periodontally diseased patients, evaluate the influence of patient-related predictors on BoP variability, and characterize two subgroups of patients with a significantly different BoP score. six hundred and one patients were retrospectively included. The percentage of ...
Baracchini Claudio - - 2011
An impaired cerebrospinal venous drainage, defined as chronic cerebrospinal venous insufficiency (CCSVI), has been recently hypothesized to be the possible cause of multiple sclerosis (MS). We investigated this hypothesis by studying the occurrence of CCSVI in clinically isolated syndromes (CISs) suggestive of MS. Fifty consecutive patients presenting with a CIS ...
Axelsson M - - 2011
The major intermediate cytoskeletal protein of astrocytes, glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP), and that of axons, neurofilament light protein (NFL), may both be released into the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) during pathological processes in the central nervous system (CNS). We investigated GFAP and NFL levels in CSF as possible biomarkers for ...
Morillo M J - - 2011
PURPOSE: To evaluate the autofluorescence findings in patients diagnosed with pseudoxanthoma elasticum. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A prospective study was conducted on 18 eyes of 9 patients who had ocular pathology andfollowed up in the pseudoxanthoma elasticum (PSX) unit of our hospital. We evaluated the best corrected visual acuity (BCVA), colour ...
Williams A - - 2011
While ischaemic stroke remains a leading cause of death and disability, there have been recent advancements in treatment modalities including thrombolysis and decompressive hemicraniectomy. A retrospective review of patients treated in our NHS teaching hospital, in Plymouth (UK), over a 2 year period identified 17 thrombolysed patients, of whom two ...
Marner Lisbeth - - 2011
We previously demonstrated a 20-30% reduction in cortical 5-HT2A receptor binding in patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) as compared to healthy subjects. Here we present a two-year follow-up of 14 patients and 12 healthy age-matched subjects. Baseline and follow-up partial volume corrected levels of 5-HT2A in four neocortical lobes ...
Demarie Daniela - - 2011
Illicit drugs such as cocaine, and methadone can induce acquired long QT syndrome. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of cardiovascular disease and to assess the risk of torsades de pointes in substance abuse patients either with methadone or buprenorphine maintenance therapy, or without any specific ...
Rigo Fausto - - 2011
Coronary flow reserve (CFR) in the left anterior descending artery (LAD) can be reduced in nonischemic dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM). The aim of this study was to assess the prognostic value of CFR in LAD and in the posterior descending artery (PD) in DCM patients. Seventy-two DCM patients (44 men, mean ...
Carreño Agata - - 2011
Utility values are not usually assessed in clinical trials and do not allow cost-utility analysis to be performed with the data collected. The aim of this study was to derive relation functions so that Health Assessment Questionnaire - Disability Index (HAQ-DI) scores could be used to estimate Health Utilities Index ...
Karbowniczek Aleksandra - - 2011
Chronic daily headache (CDH) is not a diagnosis but a category that includes many disorders representing primary and secondary headaches. According to the International Classification of Headache Disorders, 2nd edition (ICHD-II), CDH is defined as headache which occurs more often than 15 days per month for at least 3 months. ...
Robison Jacob G - - 2011
To determine the prevalence of hoarseness in the cleft palate population. Retrospective chart review from a tertiary pediatric hospital's craniofacial clinic. Nonsyndromic patients with cleft palate who had undergone cleft palate repair were eligible for inclusion. Patients were excluded if they had previously undergone a tracheostomy or if they had ...
Ozmen Omer Afşın - - 2011
This study aims to assess the reliability of SleepStrip(TM) as a screening test in obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS). Seventy-two patients (50 males, 22 females; mean age 51.4±11.1 years; range 20 to 74 years) with OSAS were included in this prospective, non-randomized double-blinded single cohort study between May 2008 and ...
Avesani Carla Maria - - 2011
The assessment of energy expenditure in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a subject that has started to be investigated in the past 3 decades. This review will focus on studies that have assessed the energy expenditure of CKD predialysis and dialysis patients. Till date, most studies on this ...
Bristol Ruth E - - 2011
We present a series of children whose head shapes and suture status do not make sense. There were 3 patients with complete absence of sutures and normal head shapes. One patient was evaluated for microcephaly at 6 years of age. In the second, the absence of sutures was discovered on ...
Carneiro Angela M - - 2011
To compare retrospectively the incidence of arterial thromboembolic events (ATEs) in patients treated with bevacizumab or ranibizumab for exudative age-related macular degeneration. Charts of 378 patients treated with at least 1 intravitreal injection of ranibizumab or bevacizumab were reviewed to calculate the incidence of ATEs. Only patients under monotherapy were ...
Schröder Sabrina - - 2011
Implementation of guidelines can improve clinical practice. The aim in this study was to investigate whether neurologists in Germany adhered to the national Parkinson's disease guideline. Data were obtained from a cross-sectional survey of 60 neurologists. Analyses were performed on 320 patients with idiopathic Parkinson's disease with either low grades ...
Van Biesen Wim - - 2011
Euvolemia is an important adequacy parameter in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients. However, accurate tools to evaluate volume status in clinical practice and data on volume status in PD patients as compared to healthy population, and the associated factors, have not been available so far. We used a bio-impedance spectroscopy device, ...
Sacchetti Marta - - 2011
Growing evidence is showing a role of neurogenic inflammation in allergic reactions, with sensory and autonomic nerve fibers releasing neuromediators, which may actively participate in the allergic inflammatory cascade. Although the cornea is the most densely innervated tissue of the human body, little is known on the role of neuromediators ...
Guimarães Hercília - - 2011
To assess pulmonary function and the prevalence of atopy in school-age children who were very low birth weight as infants and to compare those who had bronchopulmonary dysplasia to those who did not. We studied 85 (39 male and 46 female) at a mean age of 84 (range, 62 to ...
Korres Stavros - - 2011
The probable cause of Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo (BPPV) is a degeneration of the oto lithic organs (utricle and saccule). The aim of the study is to find possible alterations in Vestibular Evoked Myogenic Potentials (VEMP) recordings in BPPV patients, because the saccule is part of the VEMP pathway. 27 ...
Wójcik Anna A Department of Congenital Heart Diseases, Institute of Cardiology, Warsaw, Poland. - - 2011
Double-orifice mitral valve (DOMV) is a rare congenital malformation characterised by the presence of two orifices in the left atrio-ventricular valve area, each having an independent chordal attachment to the papillary muscle. To establish the echocardiographic features and incidence of DOMV in patients undergoing an echo study in a tertiary ...
Nakamura Kelly M KM Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Mayo Clinic and Mayo Foundation, Rochester, MN 55905, - - 2011
To describe the incidence, ocular findings, and systemic associations of coloboma in a population-based cohort of children. We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of pediatric (aged <19 years) patients diagnosed as having ocular coloboma from January 1, 1968, through December 31, 2007, as residents of Olmsted County, Minnesota. Thirty-three children ...
Chen Yuemei - - 2010
Aim: Elevated serum uric acid (sUA) is usually associated with a high occurrence of acute ischemic stroke (AIS) in the general population. The aim of this study is to evaluate the role of sUA in AIS among hemodialysis (HD) patients. Methods: We followed up the occurrence of AIS in 226 ...
Abdulkarim Khadija - - 2011
The Philadelphia chromosome-negative (Ph-) chronic myeloproliferative neoplasms include the three well-known clinical entities polycythemia vera (PV), essential thrombocythemia (ET), and primary myelofibrosis (PMF). Over time, patients with ET and PV may develop myelofibrosis (MF), and all three entities carry a risk of transformation into acute myeloid leukemia (AML). In a ...
Jung W H WH Clinical Cognitive Neuroscience Center, Neuroscience Institute, SNU-MRC, Seoul, South - - 2011
Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is characterized by the dysfunction of control and reward mechanisms. However, only few neuroimaging studies of OCD have examined the reward processing. We examined the neural responses during incentive processing in OCD.   Twenty unmedicated patients with OCD and 20 age-, sex-, and IQ-matched healthy controls underwent ...
van der Flier Wiesje M WM Alzheimer Centre, Department of Neurology, VU University Medical Centre, Amsterdam, The - - 2011
Some patients with early-onset Alzheimer's disease (AD) present with a distinct phenotype. Typically, the first and most salient characteristic of AD is episodic memory impairment. A few patients, however, present with focal cortical, non-memory symptoms, such as difficulties with language, visuospatial, or executive functions. These presentations are associated with specific ...
Fassina Ambrogio - - 2011
In pediatric patients, a cutaneous nodule is usually diagnosed by performing an excisional biopsy, but fine-needle cytology (FNC) is a safer and noninvasive diagnostic method widely used to obtain diagnostic specimens with little stress to the patient. The authors compared the ability of FNC and biopsy to differentiate Langerhans cell ...
Fassina Ambrogio - - 2010
BACKGROUND:: In pediatric patients, a cutaneous nodule is usually diagnosed by performing an excisional biopsy, but fine-needle cytology (FNC) is a safer and noninvasive diagnostic method widely used to obtain diagnostic specimens with little stress to the patient. The authors compared the ability of FNC and biopsy to differentiate Langerhans ...
Jung Keun-Hwa - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: Endovascular occlusion of the fistula has been the most widely accepted treatment for cavernous sinus dural arteriovenous fistula (CS-dAVF). Although the CS-dAVF prognosis is generally good, physicians have noted poor recoveries, paradoxical worsening, or recurrences in some cases. In this study, we sought to identify factors that influence the ...
Xu H W - - 2011
the association of autosomal-dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) with intracranial aneurysm (ICAN) is well known but little is known about the characteristics of ICAN in ADPKD. The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence and characteristics of ICAN in ADPKD. we screened 355 patients with ADPKD (mean age, ...
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