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Tateno Fuyuki - - 2011
The objective of this study was to delineate the clinical features of patients with pure akinesia and a low heart versus mediastinum ratio below 2.0 in the delayed images of myocardial metaiodobenzylguanidine scintigraphy, a marker for the clinical diagnosis of Lewy body diseases. A total of 13 patients was enrolled. ...
Hiestand Brian - - 2011
ACADEMIC EMERGENCY MEDICINE 2011; 18:261-266 © 2011 by the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine ABSTRACT: Objectives:  The Emergency Severity Index (ESI) is a prospectively validated, five-level emergency department (ED) triage system designed to match triage acuity to both patient acuity and appropriate resource allocation. The study hypothesis was that, in ...
Ridgway Emily B - - 2011
The facial features of children with FGFR3Pro250Arg mutation (Muenke syndrome) differ from those with the other eponymous craniosynostotic disorders. We documented midfacial growth and position of the forehead after fronto-orbital advancement (FOA) in patients with the FGFR3 mutation. We retrospectively reviewed all patients who had an FGFR3Pro250Arg mutation and craniosynostosis. ...
Sun Jianlan - - 2011
del(20q) can be observed in hematologic neoplasms, including chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML), and has been reported in patients undergoing blast transformation. We describe 10 patients with CML in hematologic and cytogenetic remission with del(20q) detected by conventional cytogenetics. There were 6 men and 4 women with a median age of ...
Hartkamp André - - 2011
The aim of this study was to compare serum dehydroepiandrosterone sulphate (DHEAS) levels and clinical and laboratory parameters reflecting expression of disease between female patients with primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS) and age-matched healthy women and to examine in pSS patients the correlation of these variables with fatigue, well-being, and functioning. ...
Vohra Surbhi - - 2011
Background: Chronic urticaria patients who demonstrate autoantibodies against the high-affinity receptor of IgE (FceRI) or IgE itself tend to have a high itch and wheal score, and systemic symptoms may have a significant bearing on their management in terms of super pharmacologic doses of antihistamines needed or use of immunomodulators. ...
Martins Carmen Tzanno Branco - - 2011
Physical inactivity is a determinant of clinical disorders and psychological problems in patients with chronic kidney disease patients. In two satellite clinics, a program of physical activity (PA) was offered to 86 patients undergoing hemodialysis. Of those, 49 patients entered the PA program spontaneously and 37 remained inactive. After six ...
Singh Niranjan N - - 2011
Marijuana, or cannabis, is one of the most commonly used illicit drugs worldwide. Although there are some case reports of stroke associated with cannabis use, there is no information on a causal role of cannabis in stroke. We identified 14 patients admitted to St Louis University Hospital between January 2004 ...
Furukawa F - - 2011
Glucocorticoids (GCs) are widely used for the treatment of various diseases, particularly in dermatology. However, there have been few reports about the outcome of treatment for GC-induced osteoporosis in patients with dermatological conditions receiving oral GCs. The present study was undertaken to prospectively evaluate the usefulness of etidronate for preventing ...
Daliri Armand - - 2011
Background Hemoptysis can be an acute medical emergency, which can be localized angiographically and controlled by therapeutic intervention. Purpose To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of bronchial artery embolization, and including follow-up in patients with hemoptysis. Material and Methods Thirty-five vascular interventions were performed in 28 patients (nine women and ...
Rho Young-Il - - 2011
Objectives.- To evaluate the role of neuroimaging and to estimate the prevalence of significant and treatable intracranial lesions in children and adolescents with recurrent headaches. Background.- Neuroimaging studies are commonly performed in children and adolescent patients with headache because of increasing demands by parents and physicians, although objective data and ...
Güngör Levent - - 2011
Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) is an acute demyelinating polyneuropathy with various clinical features. Optic neuritis occurs in rare cases. In this study we determined the incidence and patterns of visual evoked potential (VEP) abnormality in GBS in association with ophthalmologic findings. Thirty-two patients with a diagnosis of GBS were included in ...
Santos Ana Paula S Vieira AP Anesthesiology Department of Irmandade da Santa Casa de Misericórdia de São Paulo (ISCMSP), - - 2011
The concern of facing difficult airways brought the need of developing predictive testing for difficult intubation. Those tests were developed primarily for adult populations. In pediatric patients studies always focus on patients with congenital malformation, polytraumatized, and newborns. The objective of the present study was to determine the applicability of ...
Jabbour Noel - - 2011
Objective. Develop an evidence-based model for predicting operative endoscopy findings in patients with recurrent croup. Study Design. Case series with chart review. Setting. Tertiary care children's hospital. Subjects and Methods. Retrospective chart review was performed on 124 patients who received consultation for recurrent croup between 2000 and 2009. Direct laryngoscopy ...
Sert Kuniyoshi Fatima H - - 2011
Impaired brachial flow-mediated dilation (FMD) is associated with risk for subsequent cardiovascular events in patients after myocardial infarction (MI). These patients often have obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). We tested the hypothesis that patients with OSA post MI will exhibit more severe impairment in FMD. We studied 64 patients with MI ...
Heyer Christoph M - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate efficacy of CT-guided spinal biopsy (CTSB) in patients with spondylitis considering patient characteristics, technical issues, antibiotic therapy, histopathological, and microbiological findings. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All CTSB procedures performed between 1995 and 2009 in patients with proven spondylitis were re-evaluated. Patient sex and age, antibiotic treatment, biopsy approach, ...
Croquelois Alexandre - - 2011
Background: To study the characteristics of vascular aphasia in a cohort of patients with a first-ever stroke. Methods: All patients admitted to the Lausanne neurology department for a first-ever stroke between 1979 and 2004 were included. Neurological examination including language was performed on admission. Stroke risk factors, stroke origin and ...
Cavedo E - - 2011
Histologic studies show that the amygdala is affected by Alzheimer disease (AD) pathology, and its medial aspect is the most involved. We aimed to assess in vivo local structural differences in the amygdala of patients with AD using high-field MRI. A total of 19 patients with AD (mean age 76, ...
Johnson Jonathan N - - 2011
Congenital or acquired QT prolongation is a risk factor for life-threatening arrhythmias. In patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM), the QT interval may be intrinsically prolonged. However, the prevalence, cause, and significance of QT prolongation among patients with HCM are unknown. After exclusion of patients on QT-prolonging drugs, a blinded, retrospective ...
Reid W G J - - 2011
Objective To determine whether neuropsychological measures differ between patients with idiopathic Parkinson's disease (PD) who acquire dementia within 10 years of disease onset versus those who acquire dementia later in the disease course, using data from the longitudinal Sydney Multicentre Study of PD. Methods The Sydney Multicentre Study of PD is ...
Yilmaz Mahmut Ilker - - 2011
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) conveys high mortality rates. Soluble TNF-like weak inducer of apoptosis (sTWEAK) and long pentraxin 3 (PTX3) are predictors of mortality in dialysis patients and determinants of endothelial dysfunction. Now, we hypothesize that both sTWEAK and PTX3 act as biomarkers of cardiovascular outcomes in nondialysis CKD patients. ...
Panichi Vincenzo - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Resistance to erythropoiesis-stimulating agents (ESAs) is often associated with chronic inflammation. Here, we investigated how anaemia, ESA resistance and the plasma levels of biological markers of inflammation could influence all-cause and cardiovascular disease morbidity and mortality. METHODS: Seven hundred and fifty-three haemodialysis (HD) patients (mean age 66 ± 14.2 ...
Agirbasli Mehmet - - 2011
Livedoid vasculopathy (LV) is a chronic, recurrent, painful cutaneous disease with distinctive clinical features and an uncertain etiology. The skin lesions are recognizable by focal purpura, depigmentation and shallow ulcers. Thrombophilic conditions occur frequently in patients with LV. While no definitive treatment exists for LV, smoking cessation, antiplatelet therapy, immunosuppressive ...
Bandinelli Francesca - - 2011
Objective. To investigate the presence of lower limb entheseal abnormalities in IBD patients without clinical signs and symptoms of SpA and their correlation with IBD clinical variables. Methods. A total of 81 IBD patients [55 Crohn's disease (CD) and 26 ulcerative colitis (UC), 43 females and 38 males, mean age ...
Sy Raymond W - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Catecholaminergic Polymorphic Ventricular Tachycardia (CPVT) is characterized by adrenergically-induced ventricular tachycardia (VT) associated with syncope and sudden death. OBJECTIVES: (1) characterize arrhythmias associated with CPVT with respect to provocation by exercise and drugs, ECG characteristics, and association with long-term outcomes; (2) explore relation between age and clinical presentation. METHODS: ...
Solomon Benjamin D - - 2011
VACTERL association includes the presence of malformations affecting the vertebrae, anus, heart, trachea and esophagus, kidneys, and limbs. The causes remain largely unknown, but rare patients with mitochondrial dysfunction have been reported. Although clinical signs and symptoms consistent with possible mitochondrial disease are not uncommon in patients with VACTERL association, ...
Karthekeyan Ranjith Baskar - - 2011
AimTo document the feasibility of early extubation and to know the effect of age, weight, and post-operative right ventricle/left ventricle ratio in early extubation in intracardiac repair for tetralogy of Fallot.Materials and methodsThis is a prospective study of 76 consecutive patients undergoing intracardiac repair between January, 2010 and April, 2010. ...
Yahalom G - - 2011
Background and purpose:  To describe and characterize the association between familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) and multiple sclerosis (MS). Methods:  The patient registry of The National Center for FMF was screened for the coexistence of FMF and MS. Tel-Hashomer criteria were used for the diagnosis of FMF, and FMF severity was ...
Cimminiello Claudio - - 2011
Few studies are available with sufficient sample size to accurately describe the prevalence of low ankle-brachial index (ABI) in patients at 'non-high' cardiovascular (CV) risk. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of asymptomatic peripheral arterial disease (PAD), as determined by using ABI, in this patient population. ...
Schraven Sebastian P - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Chronic sinusitis is almost invariably a feature of cystic fibrosis. However, data on the endoscopically confirmed prevalence of chronic polypoid sinusitis (CPS) and its histological features are limited. METHODS: Single centre prospective observational study. Unselected pediatric CF patients (n=81; ≤18years) were endoscopically assessed for the prevalence of CPS. Sixteen ...
Matsumoto Ken - - 2011
Airflow obstruction is the most important pathophysiologic factor in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Although the prevalence of airflow obstruction has been increasing worldwide, airflow obstruction is often under-recognized in clinical practice because of insufficient use of spirometry. The aim of the present study was to identify unrecognized airflow obstruction ...
Leblhuber Friedrich - - 2011
Thirty-three inpatients (22 females, 11 males, aged 79.4 ± 9.5 years) were investigated in this prospective cohort study to study the prevalence of polyneuropathy (PNP) and dementia in geriatric inpatients. Clinical and electrodiagnostic investigations, routine laboratory, including thyroid parameters, folic acid, vitamin B(12), homocysteine, neopterin, fibrinogen and glycosylated hemoglobin were measured in serum, ...
Choi Hye Sun - - 2011
: Preliminary experience with the use of hyaluronic acid fillers as a nonsurgical alternative in the management of upper eyelid crease asymmetry and superior sulcus hollowing in Asian patients has proven promising. : This retrospective, interventional case series included seven patients (11 eyes) of various Asian ancestries. All patients had ...
Boucelma M - - 2011
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). The aim of this study was to evaluate subclinical atherosclerosis and to determine the prevalence of risk factors for CVD in SLE patients. One hundred fifty-three patients (149 women and 4 men), ...
Miloglu O - - 2011
The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and characteristics of pneumatized articular eminence (PAT) by cone beam CT (CBCT) and to present a review of the PAT literature. A retrospective study was performed using sagittal and coronal CBCT images of 514 patients in the Department of Oral ...
Al Okbi Muhammed Hesham - - 2011
Sickle cell disease (SCD) is characterized by intermittent episodes of vascular occlusion and end-organ damage. Neurologic symptoms are frequent and auditory involvement is not unexpected. To study the prevalence and pattern of hearing loss in Omani patients with SCD. We conducted a prospective case control study on SCD patients attending ...
Han Ji Won - - 2011
The criterion on functional activity in the revised diagnostic criteria for mild cognitive impairment (MCI) seems to be conceptually and operationally problematic.We investigated the predictive validity for dementia of this criterion in 140 patients with MCI who participated in the baseline study of the Korean Longitudinal Study on Health and ...
Derchi Giorgio - - 2011
AIMS: To determine the clinical management of cardiovascular complications, and the extent of cardiac left ventricular (LV) involvement, in a large cohort of homogenously treated patients with thalassaemia major. METHODS AND RESULTS: Participants were ≥16 years of age and diagnosed with thalassaemia major requiring regular blood transfusions since the age ...
Karaca Neslihan Edeer - - 2011
Hyper-IgM syndromes are characterized by normal or elevated serum IgM levels with the absence or reduced levels of other immunoglobulins. There are some patients with defective class-switch recombination (CSR) who do not have CD40L, CD40, AID, and UNG defects. The aim of this study is to determine the B-cell functions ...
Ziakas N - - 2011
To assess the visual function of patients with keratoconus who underwent penetrating keratoplasty with the use of the VF-14 questionnaire. Fourteen patients (9 male and 5 female) with a mean age of 38 years (SD 13.59) participated in the study. All patients had keratoconus, confirmed by corneal topography, and all had ...
Sugimoto Keisuke - - 2011
Introduction: We evaluated the relationship between abnormalities of tubular architecture and tubulointerstitial nephritis antigen (TIN-ag) in juvenile nephronophthisis (J-NPH). Method: 16 J-NPH patients were examined. Nephrocystin-1, TIN-ag, and type IV collagen, Fas antigen, and the C5b-9 complement complex were stained by immunohistochemical methods. Results: Renal tubules of patients with J-NPH ...
Cacchio Angelo - - 2011
A lack of normative data for transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS)-related measures of the lower limb muscles in patients with stroke prevents us from understanding whether changes in TMS-related measures are induced by treatment or are due to their variability and/or the natural evolution of the disease. The purpose of this ...
Parhizkar Nooshin - - 2011
To compare airway infantile hemangiomas (IHs) and venous malformations (VMs) clinically, radiographically, endoscopically, and histologically. Retrospective cohort study. Tertiary care pediatric hospital. The study included patients seen in the Vascular Anomaly Clinic, Seattle Children's Hospital, Seattle, Washington, between 2001 and 2008. All patients with airway vascular anomalies were identified by ...
Anand Shuchi - - 2011
Patients on dialysis maintain extremely low levels of physical activity. Prior studies have demonstrated a direct correlation between nutrition and physical activity but provide conflicting data on the link between inflammation and physical activity. Using a cohort of patients new to dialysis from the Comprehensive Dialysis Study (CDS), we examined ...
Lorenzen Johan M - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Atherosclerosis is an inflammatory process mediated by circulating immune cells, including monocytes. There is accumulating evidence for the involvement of Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR-4) as a mediator of atherogenesis. METHODS: We evaluated the association between CD14+/TLR-4+ monocytes in peripheral blood (flow cytometry) and future cardiovascular events (CVE), e.g. myocardial ...
Valbuza Juliana Spelta - - 2011
PURPOSE: Patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) may have subclinical swallowing abnormalities due to progressive mechanical trauma of the pharyngeal tissues caused by snoring. There are few trials on swallowing among OSA patients, and most of them used videoradiography. The aim of this trial was to show swallowing function in ...
Torii Kan - - 2011
Pustulosis palmaris et plantaris (PPP) is a chronic recurrent dermatitis characterized by intraepidermal pustules with erythematous scaling on the palms and soles. PPP shares many characteristics with psoriasis, but has a different genetic background. T helper 17 cells (Th17) have an important role in the pathogenesis of psoriasis. In psoriasis, ...
Winkelmayer Wolfgang C - - 2011
A half million Americans have ESRD, which puts them at high risk for cardiovascular disease and poor outcomes. Little is known about the epidemiology of atrial fibrillation among patients with ESRD. We analyzed data from annual cohorts (1992 to 2006) of prevalent hemodialysis patients from the United States Renal Data ...
Damásio Joana - - 2011
The co-occurrence of tics and dystonia as an idiopathic condition has only rarely been reported. We report a series of patients with tics and persistent dystonia, with the aim of determining the prevalence and clinical characteristics of this syndrome. Analysis of clinical database of patients with tic disorders. From our ...
Shi M - - 2011
Background  Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a chronic relapsing inflammatory skin disease. There have been few detailed reports of the clinical evaluation of Chinese patients with AD. Objectives  To give a profile of the clinical features of Chinese AD patients in a university hospital setting. Methods  A total of 1008 cases ...
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