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Lee Jung M - - 2012
There is evidence of intestinal inflammation in patients with CF. Intestinal inflammation may negatively impact the nutritional status of patient with CF, which adversely affects pulmonary function and survival. This paper provides an up-to-date review of intestinal inflammation in CF and an evaluation of utility of two specific faecal inflammatory ...
Kang Jeong-Eun JE Department of Laboratory Medicine, Pusan National University School of Medicine, Busan, - - 2012
Here we report the cytogenetic and clinical manifestations observed in a patient with a rec(20)dup(20p)inv(20)(p11.2q13.3)mat. The patient was a full-term newborn girl with asymmetric intrauterine growth restriction and multiple congenital malformations, including a ventricular septal defect, pulmonary atresia, ambiguous genitalia, clinodactyly, and sacral dimpling. To our knowledge, this is the ...
Pao Winnie C WC Department of Neurology, Mayo Clinic, Jacksonville, FL, - - 2011
Hippocampal sclerosis (HpScl) in the elderly is often associated with neurodegeneration. We studied the clinical and pathologic features of HpScl in 205 consecutive patients with dementia who came to autopsy from 1997 to 2008, focusing on associations with TAR DNA-binding protein 43 (TDP-43) pathology and allelic variants in the progranulin ...
Treeprasertsuk Sombat - - 2011
We aimed to describe the effects of parenteral bisphosphonates on bone mineral density (BMD) changes in primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC) patients with osteoporosis. Seventeen PBC patients with osteoporosis diagnosed between 1996 and 2005 were enrolled retrospectively. All patients received one of the following parenteral bisphosphonates: zoledronic acid, pamidronate disodium, or ...
Reitzen Shari D - - 2011
To objectively determine the prevalence of occult nasal base asymmetry in adults with wide nasal tips using a standard photographic editing program. We performed a retrospective observational study in a private practice, ambulatory care setting. The photographs of 100 randomly selected patients undergoing rhinoplasty who presented with excessive nasal tip ...
Ang Marcus - - 2011
Aim To identify clinical risk factors for obtaining an 'equivocal' T-SPOT.TB result in patients consistent with tuberculosis (TB)-associated uveitis (TAU). Methods Prospective cohort study of consecutive new patients, with ocular signs consistent with TAU at a single tertiary centre enrolled over 15 months. All subjects underwent ocular and systemic evaluation, ...
Viau Krista S - - 2011
Patients with treated phenylketonuria (PKU) can have subtle deficits in intellect, academic skills, and executive functioning. This study evaluates the relationship between intellectual outcome and concentration/variation in blood phenylalanine (Phe) during specific developmental periods (0-6 years, 7-12 years, >12 years) in our patients with PKU. Verbal comprehension, perceptual reasoning, and ...
Du Yi - - 2011
To describe the clinical profile of unilateral optic neuritis (ON) in a Chinese population, we reviewed retrospectively the records of 100 patients (66% female; age 18-74 years) diagnosed with unilateral ON between 2003 and 2009 at three hospitals in Guangxi Province, China. Ocular pain was noted in 40% and disc ...
Irazabal Maria V MV Division of Nephrology and Hypertension, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN 55901, - - 2011
Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) patients have an increased risk for intracranial aneurysms (IAs). The importance of screening for unruptured IAs (UIAs) depends on their risks for growth and rupture. ADPKD patients with UIAs found by presymptomatic screening with magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) during 1989 to 2009 were followed ...
Rosa Djf - - 2011
Introduction  Psoriasis is a disease with proinflammatory state that has been associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease. Method  This is a cross-sectional, observational study, with analysis of 98 patients being treated for psoriasis. Several variables were analysed: gender, age, weight, height, Psoriasis Area and Severity Index (PASI), blood ...
Muñoz-Rojas María Verónica - - 2011
Mucopolysaccharidosis I (MPS I) comprises a spectrum of clinical manifestations and is divided into three phenotypes reflecting clinical severity: Hurler, Hurler-Scheie, and Scheie syndromes. There may be important variations in clinical manifestations of this genetic disease in patients residing in different regions of the world. Using data from the MPS ...
Fröhlich-Reiterer Elke E - - 2011
: Parietal cell antibodies (PCA) are markers of autoimmune gastritis (AG). AG can lead to hypergastrinemia and iron-deficiency anaemia (IDA). Compared to healthy controls, adults with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) show a higher prevalence of PCA (1% vs 20%). The aim of the present study was to evaluate the ...
Jung H H - - 2011
Background/Aims: Previous studies have suggested that serum fetuin-A, a calcification inhibitor, predicts mortality in dialysis patients. This study investigated the relationships between fetuin-A, vascular calcification, and outcome in such patients. Methods: 58 patients on maintenance hemodialysis underwent multirow spiral computed tomography to determine baseline coronary artery calcification (CAC) score. Serum ...
Lee C-T - - 2011
Aims: Vascular calcification is a common complication among dialysis patients and its pathogenesis involves a variety of factors. The roles of pro-inflammatory cytokines and residual kidney function (RKF) in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients with vascular calcification have not been investigated. Materials and methods: 157 stable PD patients were enrolled. All ...
Uesugi Haruo - - 2011
To establish a non-invasive and quantitative analysis method using single-channel surface EMG (SEMG) for diagnosing neurogenic and myopathic changes. The subjects consisted of 66 healthy controls, 12 patients with neurogenic diseases, and 18 patients with myopathic diseases. The tibialis anterior muscle was examined using a belly to the adjacent bone ...
Rijlaarsdam-Hermsen D D Department of Cardiology, Bronovo Hospital, Bronovolaan 5, 2597 AX, The Hague, the Netherlands, - - 2011
The aim of this study was to determine the prognostic value of a coronary artery calcium score (CACS) of 0 in patients with stable chest symptoms and to compare it as a first-line test with bicycle exercise testing (X-ECG). Altogether, 315 consecutive patients over 44 years of age, with stable chest ...
Rosen Heather H Department of Plastic and Oral Surgery, Children's Hospital Boston, Boston, Mass. 02115, - - 2011
Hearing loss has been described in Apert syndrome but is poorly documented in other craniosynostosis disorders. The authors retrospectively reviewed the audiologic and otologic records of patients with Saethre-Chotzen syndrome to define the incidence, type, and extent of hearing loss. Only patients with documented audiologic examinations were included. Hearing loss ...
Toro Darío DI - - 2011
Background: Implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs) have been used in the treatment of either sustained ventricular tachycardia or ventricular fibrillation in patients with Chagas' cardiomyopathy. This study aimed at determining mortality rate and risk factors of all-cause 1-year mortality in primary and secondary ICD patients with Chagas' cardiomyopathy. Methods: One hundred ...
Gorny O - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the correlation between the hemodynamic parameter ankle-brachial pressure index (ABI) and the run-off resistance (ROR) assessed on MR angiograms (MRA) in patients with peripheral arterial disease (PAD) Fontaine Stage I and II and its potential as reliable reporting system in clinical routine. METHODS: Contrast-enhanced MRA was performed ...
Rosenbloom M H MH HealthPartner Specialty Center, Center for Dementia and Alzheimer's Care, 401 Phalen Boulevard, Mail Stop: 41104C, St. Paul, MN 55130, USA. - - 2011
Patients with posterior cortical atrophy (PCA) often have Alzheimer disease (AD) at autopsy, yet are cognitively and anatomically distinct from patients with clinical AD. We sought to compare the distribution of β-amyloid and glucose metabolism in PCA and AD in vivo using Pittsburgh compound B (PiB) and FDG-PET. Patients with ...
Gifford Alex H - - 2011
Background: Endogenous opioids are naturally occurring peptides released by the brain in response to noxious stimuli. Although these naturally occurring peptides modulate pain, it is unknown whether endogenous opioids affect the perception of breathlessness associated with a specific respiratory challenge. The hypothesis is that intravenous administration of naloxone, used to ...
Mauriello Daniel A - - 2011
Background: Long QT syndrome (LQTS) is a potentially lethal cardiac channelopathy that affects one in 2,000 persons; causes syncope, seizures, and sudden death; and is both under- and overdiagnosed. LQTS diagnostic miscues have stemmed from assessment of ambulatory electrocardiographic monitoring (Holter) results. Objective: We sought to determine the prevalence of ...
Feely S M E SM Department of Neurology, Wayne State University, 421 Ea Canfield, Detroit, MI 48201, - - 2011
Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease type 2A (CMT2A), the most common form of CMT2, is caused by mutations in the mitofusin 2 gene (MFN2), a nuclear encoded gene essential for mitochondrial fusion and tethering the endoplasmic reticulum to mitochondria. Published CMT2A phenotypes have differed widely in severity. To determine the prevalence and phenotypes ...
Zoppoli Gabriele - - 2011
Polycythemia associated with acromegaly is usually caused by the systemic manifestations of the disease, such as sleep-apnea or concomitant erythropoietin-secreting kidney tumors. The recognition of underlying pathologies requires a thorough diagnostic process. We report a unique case of acromegaly with polycythemia, not caused by commonly described manifestations of the disease, ...
Brunetti Natale Daniele - - 2011
Background: Clinical presentation of atrial fibrillation (AF) is usually represented by palpitations; nevertheless, atypical presentation of AF with symptoms other than palpitations may be not uncommon in elderly patients. This study therefore aimed to evaluate incremental diagnostic value of tele-medicine at-home assessment in patients who called emergency medical service (EMS). ...
Chan A - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: Development of wearing off (WO) often goes unnoticed for both patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) and physicians due to the complexity of this phenomenon. A brief 9-symptom WO questionnaire (WOQ-9) was recently found to be highly sensitive in its detection. We aimed to validate a Chinese version WOQ-9 (CWOQ-9) ...
Zan E - - 2011
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Sclerosis of the arytenoid cartilage may be seen as an incidental finding in patients who do not have laryngeal cancer but may also be an early sign of neoplastic infiltration. Our purpose was to determine the frequency of asymmetric mineralization, in particular sclerosis, of the arytenoid cartilages ...
Sen Parveen - - 2011
Purpose:  The aim was to investigate multifocal electroretinogram (mfERG) findings in Bietti's crystalline dystrophy (BCD) using a retrospective, non-interventional, consecutive case series. Methods:  Five patients, two women and three men (mean age 31.8 years), clinically diagnosed with BCD underwent full-field electroretinogram (ffERG) and mfERG using Burian Allen bipolar contact lens electrode ...
Roldán Vanessa - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: In nonanticoagulated atrial fibrillation (AF) patients, plasma von Willebrand factor (vWF) levels have been related to stroke and vascular events. There are limited data on the prognostic role of biomarkers in anticoagulated AF patients in relation to adverse events (including thromboembolism), mortality, and major bleeding. We evaluated the prognostic ...
Liou Jyh-Min - - 2011
Abstract Objectives: Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a common allergy that causes the skin to be dry and itchy. It appears at an early age, and is closely associated with asthma and allergic rhinitis. Thus, AD is an indicator that other allergies may occur later. Literatures indicate that the molecular basis ...
Zumárraga Mercedes - - 2011
In the present study we have measured, on a monthly basis, the concentration of plasma homovanillic acid (pHVA) in schizophrenic patients during 13 months of their pharmacological treatment. The average pHVA values of each patient were within the range of 7.30-17.70 ng/ml and the coefficients of variation for each patient (CV %) ...
Yusuf Erlangga - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: /st> To investigate the association between baseline serum adipokines levels-leptin, adiponectin and resistin-and long-term progression of hand osteoarthritis (HOA). METHODS: /st> Baseline and 6-year radiographs of 164 patients (mean age 60 years, 81% women) with HOA (defined as a Kellgren and Lawrence score ≥2 in at least two hand ...
Snekhalatha U - - 2011
Aim of this study is to analyze the functional ability of rheumatoid arthritis among South Indian male and female patients based on HAQ score and forearm ulna-BMD measurement by peripheral DXA, and to investigate the correlation between forearm ulna-BMD and HAQ score among RA patients. Sixty-four patients with RA and ...
Saygi Serkan - - 2011
We investigated the frequencies and associated risk factors of cardiac arrhythmias and heart rate variability (HRV) in hemodialysis (HD) patients. One hundred fifty prevalent HD patients underwent 48-hour Holter monitoring. Holter monitoring was analyzed in 4 phases: early post-HD phase (12 hours), late post-HD phase (20 hours), pre-HD phase (12 ...
Carvalho Daniel Rocha - - 2011
The aim of this study was the evaluation by using computerized tomography (CT) of craniofacial abnormalities in fibrodysplasia ossificans progressiva (FOP) patients regarding jaw restriction and retrognathia. Seven FOP patients were evaluated retrospectively in this observational study. Inclusion criteria were detection of ACVR1 gene mutation and complete craniofacial CT examination. ...
Kollert F - - 2011
Background:  In patients with severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), anaemia is common and associated with impaired long-term survival and quality of life. Whether anaemia is also prevalent in patients with other severe, non-inflammatory respiratory diseases has not yet been systematically tested. Methods:  In 595 patients with obstructive (OD, 54.8%) ...
Veraldi S - - 2011
Latency period in cutaneous leishmaniasis was very rarely studied so far. We describe three patients, aged 71, 50 and 32 years, respectively, who contracted cutaneous leishmaniasis in Sicily. In all patients, clinical diagnosis was confirmed by histopathological examination and polymerase chain reaction: the latter was positive for Leishmania infantum in ...
Heervä Eetu - - 2011
Heervä E, Peltonen S, Pirttiniemi P, Happonen R-P, Visnapuu V, Peltonen J. Short mandible, maxilla and cranial base are common in patients with neurofibromatosis 1. Eur J Oral Sci 2011; 119: 121-127. © 2011 Eur J Oral Sci Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) is an autosomal-dominant neuro-cutaneous-skeletal syndrome. Neurofibromatosis type 1 ...
Lugo Joanelle Z - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Temporal artery biopsy is performed in patients suspected of having giant cell arteritis. This study was conducted to evaluate clinical and laboratory criteria correlating with positive biopsy results in an effort to limit the number of negative biopsies performed. METHODS: A retrospective review was performed of patients who underwent ...
Kurt Emel - - 2011
Autologous serum skin test (ASST) is mostly used in chronic spontaneous urticaria (CSU) to show autoreactivity. Interleukin-18 (IL-18) has also been shown to be involved in autoimmune conditions. To investigate the role of autoreactivity assessed by ASST in CSU and respiratory diseases and to investigate whether this autoreactive state is ...
Henriksson Marketta - - 2011
The study tested the hypothesis that vestibular patients (n=14) with chronic unsteadiness caused by a documented peripheral unilateral vestibular dysfunction would display differences in muscular activation and movement pattern during gait initiation compared to age-, gender- and body-size-matched healthy Controls (n=14). The displacements of the whole body Center of Pressure ...
Utsunomiya Daisuke - - 2011
Background Although pre-existing renal insufficiency (RI) is the most important risk factor for contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN), the background distribution of baseline renal function has not been investigated thoroughly in patients scheduled for contrast-enhanced CT. Purpose To investigate the incidence and severity of baseline RI evaluated by estimated glomerular filtration rates ...
Ritter Lutz - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of pathologic findings in the maxillary sinus by using cone-beam computerized tomography (CBCT). STUDY DESIGN: One thousand twenty-nine consecutive CBCT scans were retrospectively inspected for pathologic findings in the maxillary sinus by 3 observers. Findings were differentiated by mucosal ...
Manjunath Cholenahally Nanjappa - - 2011
Rheumatic mitral stenosis (MS) predisposes to left atrial (LA) thrombus formation. The reported incidence of LA clot formation in sinus rhythm (SR) is 2.4-13.5% in small studies. To determine the incidence of LA thrombus in MS in SR in a large cohort of patients and to determine the factors that ...
El-Salhy M - - 2011
The diagnosis of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is based on symptom assessment such as the Rome III criteria. It is sometimes difficult to clinically distinguish IBS from adult-onset celiac disease (CD). Individuals with CD presenting with relatively vague abdominal symptoms are at risk of been dismissed as having IBS. This ...
Kandolin Riina - - 2011
Cardiac sarcoidosis (CS) and giant cell myocarditis (GCM) may present as high-degree atrioventricular block (AVB), but their proportion of the causal spectrum of AVB is not well-known. We investigated the prevalence of biopsy-verified CS and GCM in young and middle-aged adults undergoing pacemaker (PM) implantation for AVB. We used the ...
Maffei E - - 2011
PURPOSE: This study evaluated the diagnostic accuracy of computed tomography coronary angiography (CTCA) for detecting significant coronary artery stenosis (≥50% lumen reduction) at different coronary calcium score (CACS) values with conventional coronary angiography (CAG) as the reference standard. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 1,500 patients (928 men, mean age ...
Chiu Shuenn-Nan - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Microvolt T wave alternans (MTWA) is an indicator of repolarization heterogeneity and a predictor of ventricular arrhythmia in adults with ischemic or dilated cardiomyopathy. Its implication in patients with repaired tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) is still unclear. This study sought to define the changes and the clinical implication of ...
Rodríguez de Rivera F J - - 2011
INTRODUCTION: Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a disease with very poor prognosis, and a mortality of 50% at 18 months after diagnosis. Multidisciplinary units attempt to improve the quality of life and survival of patients with ALS. The aim of this study is to evaluate every 3 months, over a ...
Nademanee Koonlawee - - 2011
Background- The underlying electrophysiological mechanism that causes an abnormal ECG pattern and ventricular tachycardia/ventricular fibrillation (Vt/VF) in patients with the Brugada syndrome (BrS) remains unelucidated. However, several studies have indicated that the right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT) is likely to be the site of electrophysiological substrate. We hypothesized that in ...
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