Search Results
Results 501 - 550 of 1837
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Diniz-Santos Daniel R - - 2008
The aims of this study were to evaluate bone mineral density (BMD) and bone turnover markers in patients with type 1 diabetes and screening-identified evidence of celiac disease, i.e., celiac autoimmunity. We screened 50 consecutive type 1 diabetic patients for IgA antitissue transglutaminase to identify those with celiac autoimmunity. Eight ...
Hirobe Megumi - - 2007
BACKGROUND: We evaluated the relationship between serum PSA and clinical variables to eliminate bone scanning in patients with prostate cancer having a low probability of bone metastasis. METHODS: The study included 366 patients with newly diagnosed prostate cancer between 1999 and 2005. Bone metastasis was studied for its correlation with ...
Tanaka Kyoko - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The correlation between reduced bone mineral density (BMD) and the disease anorexia nervosa (AN) has long been established. The aim of the present study was to examine the relationship in more detail, particularly focusing on the increasing incidence of the disease occurring in adolescent patients. METHOD: Twenty-four girls diagnosed ...
Zissimopoulos A - - 2007
PURPOSE: To evaluate the diagnostic value of bone scan in association with measurements of serum CEA, CA 15-3 and TPA levels in breast cancer (BC) patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: From September 1999 to January 2005, 89 women with BC who had undergone bone scintigraphy as part of their follow-up were ...
Abdelrazik Nabil - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Patients with hemophilia may be at risk for developing reduced bone mineral density (BMD) for a number of reasons such as recurrent hemoarthrosis and immobilization. AIM OF THE WORK: To assess the BMD in children with hemophilia and to correlate BMD with findings regarding the joint disease (hemophilic arthropathy). ...
Laane E - - 2007
Dendritic cells (DC) play a pivotal role in coordinating functions of the immune system. Little is known about DC levels in the bone marrow (BM) of patients receiving cytostatic treatment. We investigated DC levels by flow cytometry in BM at diagnosis, during and post-treatment in 76 children with acute lymphoblastic ...
Borman Pinar - - 2008
Psoriasis is a common inflammatory skin disease, and conflicting data have been published about osteoporosis and bone turnover markers in patients with psoriatic arthritis. The aim of this study was to assess bone mineral density (BMD) and bone turnover markers in psoriatic patients with and without peripheral arthritis and to ...
Dizdar Omer - - 2008
The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS) in a geriatric population in Turkey and compare bone mineral densities and related laboratory parameters of MGUS patients with those who do not have MGUS. Among 1,012 patients enrolled, monoclonal band was detected ...
Sit Dede - - 2007
End-stage renal disease is closely associated with changes in bone and mineral metabolism. In recent times, osteoporosis has become important among hemodialysis (HD) patients. In this study, the investigators sought to evaluate the relationship between bone mineral density (BMD) and biochemical markers of bone turnover among HD patients. A total ...
Frankel Bruce M - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Instrumentation of the osteoporotic spine may result in bone failure because of pedicle screw loosening and pullout. A clinical evaluation of a novel fenestrated bone tap used in pedicle screw augmentation was performed to determine the performance and safety of this technique. METHODS: Over a 2.5-year period, the clinical ...
Borchhardt K - - 2007
Hypercalcemia in persistent secondary hyperparathyroidism after kidney transplantation is considered to result from increased bone resorption. Bone biopsies' studies, however, have never been performed in these patients. Bone biopsies after double tetracycline labeling were obtained from 17 patients with hypercalcemic hyperparathyroidism and an estimated glomerular filtration rate > 30 mL/min/1.73 ...
Grigorescu Sido P - - 2007
AIM: This study reports the first evaluation of therapeutic response in Romanian patients with Gaucher disease type I, after therapy with Cerezyme recently became available in our country. PATIENTS AND METHODS: 24 patients (11-50 years) received Cerezyme 20-60 U/kg every two weeks for at least 18 months. Haemoglobin, platelet count, ...
Maves Stephanie N - - 2007
We present a series of 88 adult patients referred for diagnostic genetic services in two settings. Patients referred for prenatal diagnosis, adult-onset neurodegenerative disease or cancer susceptibility counseling were specifically excluded from analysis. Information was obtained regarding age, gender, referral sources, previous genetics evaluation, referring diagnosis, final diagnosis, diagnostic test, ...
Lecouvet Frédéric E - - 2007
PURPOSE: To evaluate the diagnostic performance, costs, and impact on therapy of one-step magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the axial skeleton (MRIas) for detecting bone metastases in patients with high-risk prostate cancer (PCa). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Sixty-six consecutive patients with high-risk PCa prospectively underwent MRIas in addition to the standard ...
Saito Shigeru - - 2007
Many patients suffering from severe ischemic limb disease inevitably experience amputation, despite intensive therapies. Sympathectomy and hyperbaric oxygen therapy are optional therapies for patients with peripheral circulation disorders. Recently, several clinical studies have established that implantation of bone marrow-mononuclear cells into ischemic limbs increases collateral vessel formation. In the present ...
Klein Joel D - - 2007
Pelvic osteomyelitis is unusual in children. We retrospectively reviewed charts of patients with this infection seen at our institution. From 1998 to 2005, 31 patients with pelvic osteomyelitis were identified: 19 males and 12 females with an age range of 1.5 months to 17 years 9 months. Duration of illness ...
Rabjohn Linnie - - 2007
This is a 95-patient prospective study evaluating diagnostic and prognostic efficacy of erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) for contiguous pedal osteomyelitis. ESRs, bone and soft tissue microbiologic cultures, and pathologic examination of the suspected bone involved were obtained. ESRs were drawn within 48 hours before surgically obtaining the bone specimen. A ...
Rino Yasushi - - 2007
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The present study was conducted to investigate the relationship between bone metabolic disorder after gastrectomy for gastric cancer and vitamin D metabolites or the hormones involved in calcium metabolism. METHODOLOGY: Twenty-one patients who had undergone gastrectomy for gastric cancer and had been followed for less than 10 years were ...
Pulsatelli L - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether RANKL/OPG balance is modified in PMR patients, either in the active phase of the disease or during corticosteroid treatment. METHODS: Circulating levels of RANKL and OPG were assayed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay in PMR patients with active untreated disease and in patients treated by corticosteroids over ...
Woo Jin-Hyun - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Tumor necrosis factor-alpha has a prominent role in the inflammatory process and bone resorption in patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS). We evaluated the markers of clinical efficacy and bone biochemical changes in Korean patients with AS treated with etanercept therapy. METHODS: Serum samples from 26 patients receiving etanercept for ...
Karakan T - - 2007
AIM: To investigate the frequency of serum IgA-antiendomysial antibody positivity in patients with low bone mineral density and to assess the risk group for screening of celiac disease. METHODS: One hundred and thirty-five patients (14 male, 121 female) with idiopathic low bone mineral density were evaluated. The median age was ...
Nair Anish P - - 2007
Arthropathies and joint deformities in patients with severe hemophilia result in prolonged immobilization, reduced physical activity, and predispose them for osteoporosis. This can lead to an increasing tendency of bone fragility and fractures in patients after trivial trauma. The aim of this study was to find out (i) the prevalence ...
Mislow John M K - - 2007
Calvarial osteolysis is a relatively rare finding in patients with neurofibromatosis. The authors describe two patients with neurofibromatosis Type 1 (NF1) and extensive cranial defects associated with underlying dural ectasia. Cranioplasties were performed in both patients with mixed results. One patient underwent cranioplasty using titanium mesh and methylmethacrylate. The other ...
Kastelan Darko - - 2007
Growth hormone (GH) deficiency and acromegaly serve as good models for investigating the effects of GH on bone remodeling. However, the results from various studies are rather conflicting. The aim of our study was to estimate the potential role of gender, disease activity, and duration on both calcaneus quantitative ultrasound ...
Phal P M - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Bisphosphonates are drugs that decrease bone turnover by inhibiting osteoclast activity. An association between the use of bisphosphonates and osteonecrosis of the maxilla and mandible has recently been described. This study describes the imaging findings of bisphosphonate-associated osteonecrosis of the jaws. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a ...
Oppenheimer Mark - - 2007
A retrospective study of 45 patients hospitalized with blastomycosis of bones or joints revealed 41 cases of osteomyelitis and 12 cases of septic arthritis. The majority were men (35 [78%] patients) and non-Aboriginal (32 [71%] patients). Median time from the onset of symptoms to hospitalization was shorter in women than ...
Oelzner P - - 2007
The aim of our study was to investigate determinants of bone mineral density (BMD) measured by dual X-ray absorptiometry at the lumbar spine (BMD-LS) and at the femoral neck (BMD-FN) in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) with special respect to bone resorbing proinflammatory cytokines and their physiological antagonists. In 142 ...
Ballani Nasser S - - 2007
Our objective in this study was to evaluate whether measurement of quantitative uptake of (99m)Tc-methylene diphosphate (MDP) and (99m)Tc-hexamethylpropyleneamine oxime (HMPAO) white blood cells (WBCs) is useful in detecting osteomyelitis in peripheral bony lesions. METHODS: Twenty-four patients (12 men and 12 women; age range, 25-72 y) were referred for imaging ...
Cavel Oren - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Skull base osteomyelitis (SBO) typically evolves as a complication of external otitis in diabetic patients and involves the temporal bone. Central SBO (CSBO) mainly involves the sphenoid or occipital bones without coexisting external otitis. We characterized a group of patients with CSBO. The endoscopic nasopharyngeal and clival biopsy technique ...
Murad Omar M - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence of osteonecrosis of the jaw (ONJ) in patients receiving bisphosphonate therapy and in those who were bisphosphonate naïve. METHODS: We undertook a retrospective review of medical records of patients at the New York Harbor Health Care System from 1999 through 2004. Charts were selected for ...
Güler-Yüksel M - - 2007
Osteoporosis is a well-known extra-articular phenomenon in patients with uncontrolled, long-standing rheumatoid arthritis (RA). In the present study, the extent of osteoporosis and reduced bone mineral density (BMD) and the disease-related and demographic factors that are associated with osteoporosis and reduced BMD were examined in patients with recently diagnosed, active ...
Takayama Yasuko - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to compare the differences in dental and occlusal conditions, and prevalence of bone change in the condyle, between a group of patients with temporomandibular disorders (TMD) and a group of dental patients without such complaints. STUDY DESIGN: A group of 504 patients with ...
Giri Neelam - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Fanconi anemia (FA) is an inherited disorder with chromosomal instability, bone marrow failure, developmental defects, and a predisposition to cancer. Systematic and comprehensive endocrine function data in FA are limited. OBJECTIVE: We studied a cohort of FA patients enrolled in the National Cancer Institute's Inherited Bone Marrow Failure Syndrome ...
Swanton Josephine - - 2007
Bone mineral density (BMD) and content (BMC) were measured in 208 institutionalised patients with refractory epilepsy. BMD was in the osteoporotic range in 43% of males and 21% of females. BMC was reduced only in male patients. Apart from age and gender, no other factor or specific AED was particularly ...
Dimopoulos Meletios A - - 2007
Waldenstrom's macroglobulinemia is defined by bone marrow lymphoplasmacytic infiltration and by production of monoclonal IgM. Treatment is employed only to symptomatic patients. Alkylating agents (chlorambucil), nucleoside analogues and rituximab are reasonable choices for primary therapy. Combination therapy either with nucleoside analogues with alkylating agents and/or rituximab or rituximab with chemotherapy ...
Kulak Carolina A M - - 2007
In this comparative, cross-sectional study, we evaluated 55 patients with epilepsy on chronic use of antiepileptic drugs (AED); [(38 females and 17 males, 35 +/- 6 years (25 to 47)] and compared to 24 healthy subjects (17 females/7 males). Laboratorial evaluation of bone and mineral metabolism including measurements of bone ...
Hasserjian R P RP James Homer-Wright Pathology Laboratory, Department of Biostatistics, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA, USA. - - 2007
Bone marrow sampling is a key investigation in the work-up of amyloid light chain (AL) amyloidosis, but the relationship between bone marrow findings and the varied phenotype and clinical outcome of AL amyloidosis is unclear. The aim was to determine if bone marrow pathological parameters at diagnosis were related to ...
Modan-Moses D - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Several studies have suggested a compromised bone mass in phenylketonuria patients but most reported on heterogeneous or small patient groups. Our aim was to evaluate peak bone mass in adult PKU patients and to relate BMD to nutritional parameters. PATIENTS AND METHODS: BMD was measured by dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry ...
Cheung Ning - - 2007
PURPOSE: To report 3 patients with adult-onset orbital Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH). DESIGN: Retrospective interventional case reports. PARTICIPANTS: Three adult patients with orbital LCH. METHODS: Case reports from 2 different clinics and review of the scientific literature. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Clinical course and radiologic and histologic findings. RESULTS: Three healthy ...
Kerbauy Daniella M B - - 2007
A total of 104 patients, aged 18 to 70 years, with a diagnosis of chronic idiopathic myelofibrosis (CIMF), polycythemia vera (PV), or essential thrombocythemia (ET) with marrow fibrosis were transplanted from allogeneic (56 related and 45 unrelated) or syngeneic (n = 3) donors. Busulfan (BU) or total body irradiation (TBI)-based ...
Mele Anna - - 2007
We evaluated the additional benefit of Technetium(99)-sestamibi (99mTc-MIBI) scanning in comparison with standard X-ray techniques for multiple myeloma patients either at diagnosis or during follow-up. Between February 2001 and January 2005, 397 whole body scans were acquired. On 229 scans performed at diagnosis, 146 (64%) were positive and 81 cases ...
Abuzakouk M - - 2007
The majority of patients with dermatitis herpetiformis (DH) have small intestinal enteropathy that may result in bone loss. The objective of this study was to evaluate bone mineral density (BMD) in DH and to examine whether dietary treatment or degree of the small intestinal lesion correlate with BMD. Twenty-five patients ...
Dallalio Gail - - 2007
Inflammation plays a significant role in the clinical manifestations of sickle cell anemia. In studies of anemic patients with other clinical syndromes, measurement of the concentrations of cytokine mediators of inflammation in bone marrow aspirates has provided unique correlations with clinical and laboratory parameters. We determined concentrations of interleukin (IL)-1, ...
Dizdar Omer - - 2007
This study was designed to explore the value of markers of bone turnover, macrophage inflammatory protein-1alpha (MIP-1alpha), and osteopontin (OPN) in the diagnosis of myeloma bone disease. Twenty-five patients with newly diagnosed and untreated multiple myeloma (MM), and 22 age-, sex-, and bone mineral density-matched control subjects were enrolled. Levels ...
Heijckmann A Caroline - - 2007
Sarcoidosis is a chronic inflammatory T-cell-driven disease that can also affect bone. We evaluated bone remodelling and bone mineral density (BMD) in patients with sarcoidosis and their dependency of disease-related and treatment-related factors. In 124 patients BMD of the hip (DXA) and markers of bone resorption (ICTP) and formation (PINP) ...
Førli L - - 2008
Weight loss in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is associated with increased morbidity and may negatively affect bone mineral density. Increased serum levels of cytokines such as tumour necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha have been associated with weight loss and with bone resorption. We studied the association between systemic inflammation, markers for ...
Diamanti Antonella - - 2007
BACKGROUND & AIMS: To assess prevalence of bone mineral density (BMD) reduction and relationship between bone mineral status and anthropometric assessment, nutritional intake and physical activity in adolescents with early anorexia nervosa (AN). METHODS: Fifty-seven consecutive AN patients and 57 healthy controls underwent anthropometric status, bone density, body composition and ...
Sarikaya Selda - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Osteoporosis at the lumbar spine and at the femur is a well-established complication in ankylosing spondylitis (AS), but the exact mechanism and the distribution of osteoporosis are not known absolutely. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the osteoporosis is generalized or localized to central skeleton and to examine the relation between ...
Sarrai Mona - - 2007
Sickle cell disease (SCD) leads to many complications including osteoporosis and osteopenia. We studied the prevalence and predisposing factors of low bone mass density (BMD) in adults with SCD. In this retrospective study, dual X-ray absorptiometry bone scans were used to determine BMD in the lumbar spine, femoral neck and ...
Lavery Lawrence A - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: We sought to assess the accuracy of the probe-to-bone (PTB) test in diagnosing foot osteomyelitis in a cohort of diabetic patients with bone culture proven disease. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: In this 2-year longitudinal cohort study, we enrolled 1,666 consecutive diabetic individuals who underwent an initial standardized detailed foot ...
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