Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1838
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Mateo Gema - - 2008
PURPOSE: To analyze the prognostic impact of immunophenotyping in patients with multiple myeloma (MM). PATIENTS AND METHODS: We have prospectively analyzed the prognostic impact of antigenic markers, assessed by multiparametric flow cytometry, in a series of 685 newly diagnosed MM patients that were uniformly treated according to the GEM 2000 ...
Valerio Giuliana - - 2008
A reduced bone mineral density has been reported in patients with untreated celiac disease (CD) as well as in patients with poorly controlled type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM). The aim of this study was to evaluate the bone mineral status by phalangeal quantitative ultrasound in 52 children and adolescents with ...
Senff Nancy J - - 2008
Whether or not bone marrow biopsies should be performed routinely in patients with skin lesions that show histological features consistent with an indolent B-cell lymphoma [marginal zone lymphoma (MZL) or follicle centre lymphoma (FCL)] has been debated. As no studies have addressed this question for this group of lymphomas, we ...
Mundy H R - - 2008
Glycogen storage disease type III (GSD III; OMIM 232400) is an autosomal recessive deficiency of the glycogen debrancher enzyme, amylo-1,6-glucosidase (EC 3.2.1.33). Patients with other hepatic glycogenoses are known to have reduced bone mineral content (BMC) and to be at consequent risk of fractures. They have key metabolic differences from ...
Malhotra Pankaj - - 2008
Pure red cell aplasia (PRCA) is a rare haematological disorder characterised by selective inhibition of red cell precursors in the bone marrow. We conducted a retrospective analysis of nine cases of PRCA seen in our adult haematology clinic from January 2000 to December 2003. All patients had baseline hemogram, bone ...
Neri A S - - 2008
AIM: The increase in life expectancy of cystic fibrosis (CF) patients has brought about a rise in new clinical problems in these patients, such as a decrease in bone mineral density (BMD). The cause of diminished BMD in CF is multi-factorial. METHODS: The aim of this cross-sectional study, conducted on ...
Taskinen Seppo - - 2008
PURPOSE: In this study, the prevalence of osteoporosis was evaluated in patients operated on for cloacal exstrophy or persistent cloaca and who had undergone bladder augmentation. METHODS: Seven patients operated on because of cloacal exstrophy and 3 patients operated on because of persistent cloaca were evaluated. Patients were clinically assessed. ...
Faye Ragnar S - - 2008
The aim of this study was to evaluate S100B in bone marrow (BM) plasma from malignant melanoma patients. BM aspirates and peripheral blood (PB) plasma from 56 patients and BM aspirates from 29 healthy volunteers were collected. S100B was measured using an immune radiometric assay, which is a two-site sandwich ...
Geller Jordan L - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To assess the relative contribution of vitamin D insufficiency to loss of bone mineral density (BMD) in patients taking bisphosphonates. METHODS: Patients were eligible for inclusion if they had osteoporosis or osteopenia and demonstrated a decline in BMD during the preceding year while taking stable doses of alendronate or ...
Sedghizadeh Parish P - - 2008
PURPOSE: Biofilm theory has emerged to explain the etiology of the chronic infections that have come to constitute between 65% to 80% of the microbial diseases treated by physicians in the developed world. The purpose of this article is to report for the first time the observation of multispecies microbial ...
Sari Ismail - - 2008
The aim of the study is to review the clinical manifestations and the hematological findings of brucellosis and pancytopenia, with or without hematological malignancies. The records of 202 patients with brucellosis were evaluated retrospectively. Among these cases of brucellosis seen in a 6 year period between April 1999 and June ...
Yamamoto Fumiko - - 2008
The pathology of B-lymphocytes in the bone marrow of patients with idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) has not been well described, even though B-lymphocytes may be involved in the etiology of ITP. We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 73 ITP patients between January 1997 and June 2005 with platelet counts ...
Baur-Melnyk Andrea - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of our study was to compare the detection rate of bone manifestations of multiple myeloma in whole-body MRI compared with MDCT and to assess accuracy in staging. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Forty-one patients with histologically confirmed myeloma were prospectively examined with a whole-body MDCT protocol and whole-body MRI ...
Kenealy Helen - - 2008
Oncogenic osteomalacia (OOM) is a rare but curable cause of metabolic bone disease. We report 9 patients with OOM, including 2 patients with occult nasal sinus tumours and 1 in whom a progressive increase in the post-operative FGF23 level heralded the development of metastatic pulmonary disease. The median duration of ...
Bolton C E - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Osteoporosis is common in patients with COPD. Previously we have reported that loss of fat-free mass (FFM), measured by dual X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) is associated with loss of bone mineral density (BMD). In addition, in patients with a low body mass index (BMI) and a low FFM, all had ...
Conlon Joseph D - - 2008
Voriconazole is a newer triazole antifungal agent with a wide spectrum of activity against yeast, fungi and molds including many Candida, Aspergillus, and Fusarium species. Its use continues to increase, particularly in immunocompromised patients, owing to its broad coverage, availability in both intravenous and oral preparations, and safety profile. The ...
Davidson Laurence - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: The goal of this study was to review a large series of patients with Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) who had craniospinal lesions to assess the long-term course, outcome, and efficacy of treatment of the disease. METHODS: Forty-four patients with LCH who presented to a single pediatric neurosurgical department between ...
El Bolkainy Tarek M N - - 2008
The aim of the present study is to assess the frequency of bone marrow (BM) involvement by both bone marrow aspirate and biopsy (BMA and BMB, respectively) procedures in established cases of lymphomas at initial presentation, and to study the relative frequency of marrow disease in relation to lymphoma types, ...
Schwartz Dagan - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Provide evidence of success rate and limitations of the prehospital use of a powered device for intraosseous (IO) bone infusion, the bone injection gun (BIG) for critical patients in whom peripheral intravenous (IV) access cannot be readily obtained. METHODS: This prospective study included all reports regarding the use of ...
Pérez-Castrillón J L - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this paper is to evaluate the effect of atorvastatin on bone mineral density in patients with acute ischemic heart disease. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Eighty-three patients (52 male and 31 female) with acute coronary syndrome were studied. They received treatment with atorvastatin using low doses (20 mg) ...
Yoo Jeong Joon - - 2009
We investigated whether the proliferation activities and osteogenic capacities of bone marrow stromal cells (BMSCs) are depressed in patients with osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH). BMSCs were isolated from fresh bone marrow of the iliac crests of 54 donors and were differentiated into osteogenic lineage in vitro. The results ...
Stavroulopoulos Aristeidis - - 2008
AIM: Low vitamin D status is associated with secondary hyperparathyroidism and increased bone turnover in the general population and can aggravate the hyperparathyroidism of chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients. It is also correlated to low bone mineral density (BMD), but this correlation is less clear in CKD patients. Aims of ...
Wen Jin-Quan - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Aplastic anemia (AA) and myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) are both acquired disorders in which bone marrow fails to produce or release sufficient blood cells. Anemia, infections and thrombocytopenia are common signs of such diseases. Clinically, it is difficult to distinguish chronic aplastic anemia (CAA) from MDS, especially from MDS without ...
Kaymak Bayram - - 2008
Denervation of sensory and sympathetic nerve fibers and reduced blood flow result in decreased bone mineral density (BMD). In this study, we aim to detect the effect of compression of brachial plexus and subclavian vessels on the forearm BMD in patients with thoraric outlet syndrome (TOS). Twenty-three patients with TOS ...
Ziolkowska Helena - - 2008
The aim of the study was to evaluate changes in the arterial wall in children with chronic kidney disease (CKD). We studied 60 patients: 32 with stages 2-4 CKD [chronic renal failure (CRF)], 28 with stage 5 CKD [end-stage renal disease (ESRD)], and 43 controls (C). The evaluated parameters included ...
Majima Takafumi - - 2008
Osteoporosis has been linked with arteriosclerotic vascular diseases, suggesting that hypercholesterolemia or dyslipidemia may be a common pathogenetic factor underlying these diseases. However, little is known about the relationship between osteoporosis and hypercholesterolemia. The purpose of this study was, therefore, to investigate the effects of hypercholesterolemia upon bone metabolism, by ...
Parisi Muriel S - - 2008
Bone involvement is one of the most disabling complications in patients with type 1 Gaucher disease (GDI) and its pathophysiology is yet to be fully understood. It is well known that body composition is a determinant of bone mass. Previous reports indicating disturbance in glucose and lipid metabolism in GDI ...
Barreto F C - - 2008
The guidelines proposed by the Kidney Disease Outcomes Quality Initiative (K/DOQI) suggested that intact parathyroid hormone (iPTH) should be maintained in a target range between 150 and 300 pg ml(-1) for patients with stage 5 chronic kidney disease. Our study sought to verify the effectiveness of that range in preventing ...
Plaza Jose Antonio - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Metastatic tumors presenting as soft tissue masses are relatively rare and can be the source of diagnostic confusion both clinically and pathologically. The authors' experience was reviewed at a large academic medical center over a 30-year period (1971-2000) with metastases to soft tissue. METHODS: The tumors in the study ...
Zissimopoulos A - - 2008
PURPOSE: To evaluate the clinical usefulness of serum procollagen I carboxyterminal propeptide (PICP) and prostate specific antigen (PSA) in relation to bone scan results in Greek patients with prostate cancer (PC). PATIENTS AND METHODS: 108 patients (mean age 58+/-4.3 years; range 42-81) with PC and 52 healthy blood donors as ...
Myslivecek Miroslav - - 2008
We assessed the validity of (99m)Tc-MIBI scintigraphy and MRI in the diagnosis and prediction of the effect of therapy in patients with multiple myeloma (MM) and monoclonal gammopathy of unknown significance (MGUS), in whom both examinations were performed within 14 days. Forty-seven consecutive patients with MM and 5 with MGUS ...
Mazziotti Gherardo - - 2008
Growth hormone deficiency (GHD) in adult patients is associated with marked decrease in bone turnover, low bone mass and high risk of clinical and subclinical fractures. We investigated whether the prevalence of spinal deformities in adults with GHD was related to the gonadal status of patients. A total of 89 ...
Oka Yumiko - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Several reports of bone marrow dysplasia in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) have been published. However, the reports are restricted primarily to descriptions of the erythroid lineage; no follow-up studies have been reported, and the clinical significance of the dysplasias is unknown. Therefore, in the present study, the ...
Sonmez Mehmet - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Multiple Myeloma (MM) is a B cell neoplasm characterized by the clonal proliferation of plasma cells. Skeletal complications are found in up to 80% of myeloma patients at presentation and are major cause of morbidity. METHODS: 49 patients were enrolled with MM admitted to Black Sea Technical University Hospital ...
Ho Ching-Liang - - 2008
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Eosinophil cytoplasmic granules contain major basic protein (MBP), which is primarily translated from its precursor, proMBP. In this study, we evaluated the plasma level of proMBP in eosinophilic and chronic myeloproliferative disorders (MPN). METHODS: The levels of plasma proMBP were measured by radioimmunoassay in 25 healthy controls, 23 patients ...
Repse-Fokter Alenka - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To determine sensitivity and specificity of Pap tests for osteopenia and osteoporosis using bone mineral density (BMD) with dual x-ray absorptiometry (DXA) as the reference standard. STUDY DESIGN: DXA measurement was performed on 136 routine Pap smears. Results of DXA measurement were expressed in T-scores, indicating degree of deviation ...
Mylin Anne K - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: In multiple myeloma (MM) YKL-40 is present in the bone marrow microenvironment and is suggested to play a role in remodelling of the extracellular matrix. Here, the association between serum YKL-40 and severity of bone disease in MM is investigated. METHODS: Serum YKL-40 was measured in 34 MM patients ...
Héron Emmanuel - - 2007
The pathophysiology and causes of retinal vein occlusion (RVO) remain largely unknown. Latent forms of myeloproliferative disorders, which are diagnosed by the presence of in vitro endogenous erythroid colony (EEC) formation, are a well-known cause of intraabdominal vein thrombosis. The suspected diagnosis of a latent myeloproliferative disorder in a patient ...
Firouzi Farzad - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Decision tree classification is a standard machine learning technique that has been used for a wide range of applications. Patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) are at increased risk of developing low bone mineral density (BMD). This study aimed at developing a new approach to select truly affected IBD ...
Coppola Giangennaro - - 2007
Our aim was to evaluate bone mineral densitometry in patients with Angelman syndrome with or without antiepileptic therapy. Eighteen patients (9 females, 9 males), aged 4.0-24.3 years (mean age, 10.1 years), and two control groups consisting of 18 epileptic and 24 healthy patients, underwent dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry at the lumbar ...
Oettinger-Barak Orit - - 2007
AIM: To evaluate the relationship among alveolar bone loss (ABL), bone status and calcium-regulating hormones in liver transplantees. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Twenty-one liver transplantees underwent a full oral examination. The correlations among bone densitometry, bone metabolic status and drug treatment were examined. RESULTS: Twelve patients had osteopenia, and six were ...
Ferrante Marc - - 2008
Pouchitis, the most common complication after proctocolectomy with ileal pouch-anal anastomosis (IPAA) for ulcerative colitis, has been attributed to altered composition of faecal flora. We investigated the role of antimicrobial and antiglycan antibodies and polymorphisms in microbial pattern recognition receptor genes. Clinical charts of all 184 patients with ulcerative colitis ...
Tosi Patrizia - - 2008
T(4;14) chromosomal abnormality is one of the most adverse prognostic factors predicting for poor outcome in multiple myeloma (MM) patients. It has been recently suggested that bone disease, as evaluated by spinal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), is relatively infrequent in these patients. In the present study, we aimed at further ...
Boveri Emanuela - - 2008
Philadelphia-negative chronic myeloproliferative disorders (CMD) include polycythemia vera (PV), essential thrombocythemia (ET) and primary myelofibrosis (PMF). Angiogenesis is critical in the pathogenesis of PMF. We studied angiogenesis in 115 patients with CMD (23 PV, 24 ET, 46 PMF, 12 post-PV and 10 post-ET myelofibrosis) by assessment of microvessel density (MVD) ...
Scarpa Raffaele - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To characterize the clinical pattern of early psoriatic arthritis (PsA). METHODS: We studied 47 consecutive patients: 29 had definite PsA and 18 had the "sine psoriasis" subset. Inclusion criteria were articular and/or entheseal involvement of < or =12 weeks' duration and the exclusive use, before enrollment, of nonsteroidal antiinflammatory ...
Stauffer Larsen Thomas - - 2007
A retrospective study of 38 essential thrombocythemia (ET) patients was conducted, reviewing bone marrow biopsies according to WHO criteria using a semiquantitative scoring system. Four patients did not fulfil the WHO criteria for a myeloproliferative disorder and one biopsy was insufficient for evaluation. 14 patients were reclassified as having prefibrotic ...
Moeller Jeremy J - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Occipital condyle syndrome is characterized by severe, unilateral, occipital headache and ipsilateral twelfth-nerve palsy. It is associated with skull-base metastasis. CASES: We identified two patients with sub-acute onset of severe, unilateral, occipital headache and ipsilateral tongue paralysis. The first patient was a 58-year-old woman with a history of limited ...
do Carmo Isabel - - 2007
In patients with anorexia nervosa (AN) several factors combine to cause osteoporosis, and the risk of osteoporosis increases with chronicity of illness. The authors carried out a follow-up study in patients who attended the Eating Disorders department of the Hospital de Santa Maria. The average follow-up period was of 7.6 ...
Choueiri Toni K - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To describe an association between renal cell carcinoma (RCC) and multiple myeloma (MM) in patients with both disorders, and suggest possible explanations for the association. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the records of patients with MM and RCC at the Cleveland Clinic between 1990 and 2005, and identified ...
Kriegel R J - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Aim of the study was a comparison of cranioplasty using the Tutoplast technology for autogenic bone processing and conventional polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) calvarial re- construction. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis was carried out in a consecutive series of 61 plastic reconstructions for skull defects, the largest measuring more than ...
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