Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1823
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Conlon Joseph D - - 2008
Voriconazole is a newer triazole antifungal agent with a wide spectrum of activity against yeast, fungi and molds including many Candida, Aspergillus, and Fusarium species. Its use continues to increase, particularly in immunocompromised patients, owing to its broad coverage, availability in both intravenous and oral preparations, and safety profile. The ...
Davidson Laurence - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: The goal of this study was to review a large series of patients with Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) who had craniospinal lesions to assess the long-term course, outcome, and efficacy of treatment of the disease. METHODS: Forty-four patients with LCH who presented to a single pediatric neurosurgical department between ...
El Bolkainy Tarek M N - - 2008
The aim of the present study is to assess the frequency of bone marrow (BM) involvement by both bone marrow aspirate and biopsy (BMA and BMB, respectively) procedures in established cases of lymphomas at initial presentation, and to study the relative frequency of marrow disease in relation to lymphoma types, ...
Schwartz Dagan - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Provide evidence of success rate and limitations of the prehospital use of a powered device for intraosseous (IO) bone infusion, the bone injection gun (BIG) for critical patients in whom peripheral intravenous (IV) access cannot be readily obtained. METHODS: This prospective study included all reports regarding the use of ...
Pérez-Castrillón J L - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this paper is to evaluate the effect of atorvastatin on bone mineral density in patients with acute ischemic heart disease. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Eighty-three patients (52 male and 31 female) with acute coronary syndrome were studied. They received treatment with atorvastatin using low doses (20 mg) ...
Yoo Jeong Joon - - 2009
We investigated whether the proliferation activities and osteogenic capacities of bone marrow stromal cells (BMSCs) are depressed in patients with osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH). BMSCs were isolated from fresh bone marrow of the iliac crests of 54 donors and were differentiated into osteogenic lineage in vitro. The results ...
Stavroulopoulos Aristeidis - - 2008
AIM: Low vitamin D status is associated with secondary hyperparathyroidism and increased bone turnover in the general population and can aggravate the hyperparathyroidism of chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients. It is also correlated to low bone mineral density (BMD), but this correlation is less clear in CKD patients. Aims of ...
Wen Jin-Quan - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Aplastic anemia (AA) and myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) are both acquired disorders in which bone marrow fails to produce or release sufficient blood cells. Anemia, infections and thrombocytopenia are common signs of such diseases. Clinically, it is difficult to distinguish chronic aplastic anemia (CAA) from MDS, especially from MDS without ...
Kaymak Bayram - - 2008
Denervation of sensory and sympathetic nerve fibers and reduced blood flow result in decreased bone mineral density (BMD). In this study, we aim to detect the effect of compression of brachial plexus and subclavian vessels on the forearm BMD in patients with thoraric outlet syndrome (TOS). Twenty-three patients with TOS ...
Ziolkowska Helena - - 2008
The aim of the study was to evaluate changes in the arterial wall in children with chronic kidney disease (CKD). We studied 60 patients: 32 with stages 2-4 CKD [chronic renal failure (CRF)], 28 with stage 5 CKD [end-stage renal disease (ESRD)], and 43 controls (C). The evaluated parameters included ...
Majima Takafumi - - 2008
Osteoporosis has been linked with arteriosclerotic vascular diseases, suggesting that hypercholesterolemia or dyslipidemia may be a common pathogenetic factor underlying these diseases. However, little is known about the relationship between osteoporosis and hypercholesterolemia. The purpose of this study was, therefore, to investigate the effects of hypercholesterolemia upon bone metabolism, by ...
Parisi Muriel S - - 2008
Bone involvement is one of the most disabling complications in patients with type 1 Gaucher disease (GDI) and its pathophysiology is yet to be fully understood. It is well known that body composition is a determinant of bone mass. Previous reports indicating disturbance in glucose and lipid metabolism in GDI ...
Barreto F C - - 2008
The guidelines proposed by the Kidney Disease Outcomes Quality Initiative (K/DOQI) suggested that intact parathyroid hormone (iPTH) should be maintained in a target range between 150 and 300 pg ml(-1) for patients with stage 5 chronic kidney disease. Our study sought to verify the effectiveness of that range in preventing ...
Plaza Jose Antonio - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Metastatic tumors presenting as soft tissue masses are relatively rare and can be the source of diagnostic confusion both clinically and pathologically. The authors' experience was reviewed at a large academic medical center over a 30-year period (1971-2000) with metastases to soft tissue. METHODS: The tumors in the study ...
Zissimopoulos A - - 2008
PURPOSE: To evaluate the clinical usefulness of serum procollagen I carboxyterminal propeptide (PICP) and prostate specific antigen (PSA) in relation to bone scan results in Greek patients with prostate cancer (PC). PATIENTS AND METHODS: 108 patients (mean age 58+/-4.3 years; range 42-81) with PC and 52 healthy blood donors as ...
Myslivecek Miroslav - - 2008
We assessed the validity of (99m)Tc-MIBI scintigraphy and MRI in the diagnosis and prediction of the effect of therapy in patients with multiple myeloma (MM) and monoclonal gammopathy of unknown significance (MGUS), in whom both examinations were performed within 14 days. Forty-seven consecutive patients with MM and 5 with MGUS ...
Mazziotti Gherardo - - 2008
Growth hormone deficiency (GHD) in adult patients is associated with marked decrease in bone turnover, low bone mass and high risk of clinical and subclinical fractures. We investigated whether the prevalence of spinal deformities in adults with GHD was related to the gonadal status of patients. A total of 89 ...
Oka Yumiko - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Several reports of bone marrow dysplasia in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) have been published. However, the reports are restricted primarily to descriptions of the erythroid lineage; no follow-up studies have been reported, and the clinical significance of the dysplasias is unknown. Therefore, in the present study, the ...
Sonmez Mehmet - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Multiple Myeloma (MM) is a B cell neoplasm characterized by the clonal proliferation of plasma cells. Skeletal complications are found in up to 80% of myeloma patients at presentation and are major cause of morbidity. METHODS: 49 patients were enrolled with MM admitted to Black Sea Technical University Hospital ...
Ho Ching-Liang - - 2008
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Eosinophil cytoplasmic granules contain major basic protein (MBP), which is primarily translated from its precursor, proMBP. In this study, we evaluated the plasma level of proMBP in eosinophilic and chronic myeloproliferative disorders (MPN). METHODS: The levels of plasma proMBP were measured by radioimmunoassay in 25 healthy controls, 23 patients ...
Repse-Fokter Alenka - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To determine sensitivity and specificity of Pap tests for osteopenia and osteoporosis using bone mineral density (BMD) with dual x-ray absorptiometry (DXA) as the reference standard. STUDY DESIGN: DXA measurement was performed on 136 routine Pap smears. Results of DXA measurement were expressed in T-scores, indicating degree of deviation ...
Mylin Anne K - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: In multiple myeloma (MM) YKL-40 is present in the bone marrow microenvironment and is suggested to play a role in remodelling of the extracellular matrix. Here, the association between serum YKL-40 and severity of bone disease in MM is investigated. METHODS: Serum YKL-40 was measured in 34 MM patients ...
Héron Emmanuel - - 2007
The pathophysiology and causes of retinal vein occlusion (RVO) remain largely unknown. Latent forms of myeloproliferative disorders, which are diagnosed by the presence of in vitro endogenous erythroid colony (EEC) formation, are a well-known cause of intraabdominal vein thrombosis. The suspected diagnosis of a latent myeloproliferative disorder in a patient ...
Firouzi Farzad - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Decision tree classification is a standard machine learning technique that has been used for a wide range of applications. Patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) are at increased risk of developing low bone mineral density (BMD). This study aimed at developing a new approach to select truly affected IBD ...
Coppola Giangennaro - - 2007
Our aim was to evaluate bone mineral densitometry in patients with Angelman syndrome with or without antiepileptic therapy. Eighteen patients (9 females, 9 males), aged 4.0-24.3 years (mean age, 10.1 years), and two control groups consisting of 18 epileptic and 24 healthy patients, underwent dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry at the lumbar ...
Oettinger-Barak Orit - - 2007
AIM: To evaluate the relationship among alveolar bone loss (ABL), bone status and calcium-regulating hormones in liver transplantees. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Twenty-one liver transplantees underwent a full oral examination. The correlations among bone densitometry, bone metabolic status and drug treatment were examined. RESULTS: Twelve patients had osteopenia, and six were ...
Ferrante Marc - - 2008
Pouchitis, the most common complication after proctocolectomy with ileal pouch-anal anastomosis (IPAA) for ulcerative colitis, has been attributed to altered composition of faecal flora. We investigated the role of antimicrobial and antiglycan antibodies and polymorphisms in microbial pattern recognition receptor genes. Clinical charts of all 184 patients with ulcerative colitis ...
Tosi Patrizia - - 2008
T(4;14) chromosomal abnormality is one of the most adverse prognostic factors predicting for poor outcome in multiple myeloma (MM) patients. It has been recently suggested that bone disease, as evaluated by spinal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), is relatively infrequent in these patients. In the present study, we aimed at further ...
Boveri Emanuela - - 2008
Philadelphia-negative chronic myeloproliferative disorders (CMD) include polycythemia vera (PV), essential thrombocythemia (ET) and primary myelofibrosis (PMF). Angiogenesis is critical in the pathogenesis of PMF. We studied angiogenesis in 115 patients with CMD (23 PV, 24 ET, 46 PMF, 12 post-PV and 10 post-ET myelofibrosis) by assessment of microvessel density (MVD) ...
Scarpa Raffaele - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To characterize the clinical pattern of early psoriatic arthritis (PsA). METHODS: We studied 47 consecutive patients: 29 had definite PsA and 18 had the "sine psoriasis" subset. Inclusion criteria were articular and/or entheseal involvement of < or =12 weeks' duration and the exclusive use, before enrollment, of nonsteroidal antiinflammatory ...
Stauffer Larsen Thomas - - 2007
A retrospective study of 38 essential thrombocythemia (ET) patients was conducted, reviewing bone marrow biopsies according to WHO criteria using a semiquantitative scoring system. Four patients did not fulfil the WHO criteria for a myeloproliferative disorder and one biopsy was insufficient for evaluation. 14 patients were reclassified as having prefibrotic ...
Moeller Jeremy J - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Occipital condyle syndrome is characterized by severe, unilateral, occipital headache and ipsilateral twelfth-nerve palsy. It is associated with skull-base metastasis. CASES: We identified two patients with sub-acute onset of severe, unilateral, occipital headache and ipsilateral tongue paralysis. The first patient was a 58-year-old woman with a history of limited ...
do Carmo Isabel - - 2007
In patients with anorexia nervosa (AN) several factors combine to cause osteoporosis, and the risk of osteoporosis increases with chronicity of illness. The authors carried out a follow-up study in patients who attended the Eating Disorders department of the Hospital de Santa Maria. The average follow-up period was of 7.6 ...
Choueiri Toni K - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To describe an association between renal cell carcinoma (RCC) and multiple myeloma (MM) in patients with both disorders, and suggest possible explanations for the association. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the records of patients with MM and RCC at the Cleveland Clinic between 1990 and 2005, and identified ...
Kriegel R J - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Aim of the study was a comparison of cranioplasty using the Tutoplast technology for autogenic bone processing and conventional polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) calvarial re- construction. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis was carried out in a consecutive series of 61 plastic reconstructions for skull defects, the largest measuring more than ...
Takeuchi Junko - - 2008
As the incidence of bone-marrow failure syndromes (BMFS) is 2-3x higher in East Asia than in the West, we examined peripheral blood or marrow cells of 100 Japanese patients for possible pathogenic mutations in the two main components of the telomere-synthesizing enzyme telomerase (hTERC RNA and hTERT protein) that have ...
Diniz-Santos Daniel R - - 2008
The aims of this study were to evaluate bone mineral density (BMD) and bone turnover markers in patients with type 1 diabetes and screening-identified evidence of celiac disease, i.e., celiac autoimmunity. We screened 50 consecutive type 1 diabetic patients for IgA antitissue transglutaminase to identify those with celiac autoimmunity. Eight ...
Hirobe Megumi - - 2007
BACKGROUND: We evaluated the relationship between serum PSA and clinical variables to eliminate bone scanning in patients with prostate cancer having a low probability of bone metastasis. METHODS: The study included 366 patients with newly diagnosed prostate cancer between 1999 and 2005. Bone metastasis was studied for its correlation with ...
Tanaka Kyoko - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The correlation between reduced bone mineral density (BMD) and the disease anorexia nervosa (AN) has long been established. The aim of the present study was to examine the relationship in more detail, particularly focusing on the increasing incidence of the disease occurring in adolescent patients. METHOD: Twenty-four girls diagnosed ...
Zissimopoulos A - - 2007
PURPOSE: To evaluate the diagnostic value of bone scan in association with measurements of serum CEA, CA 15-3 and TPA levels in breast cancer (BC) patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: From September 1999 to January 2005, 89 women with BC who had undergone bone scintigraphy as part of their follow-up were ...
Abdelrazik Nabil - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Patients with hemophilia may be at risk for developing reduced bone mineral density (BMD) for a number of reasons such as recurrent hemoarthrosis and immobilization. AIM OF THE WORK: To assess the BMD in children with hemophilia and to correlate BMD with findings regarding the joint disease (hemophilic arthropathy). ...
Laane E - - 2007
Dendritic cells (DC) play a pivotal role in coordinating functions of the immune system. Little is known about DC levels in the bone marrow (BM) of patients receiving cytostatic treatment. We investigated DC levels by flow cytometry in BM at diagnosis, during and post-treatment in 76 children with acute lymphoblastic ...
Borman Pinar - - 2008
Psoriasis is a common inflammatory skin disease, and conflicting data have been published about osteoporosis and bone turnover markers in patients with psoriatic arthritis. The aim of this study was to assess bone mineral density (BMD) and bone turnover markers in psoriatic patients with and without peripheral arthritis and to ...
Dizdar Omer - - 2008
The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS) in a geriatric population in Turkey and compare bone mineral densities and related laboratory parameters of MGUS patients with those who do not have MGUS. Among 1,012 patients enrolled, monoclonal band was detected ...
Sit Dede - - 2007
End-stage renal disease is closely associated with changes in bone and mineral metabolism. In recent times, osteoporosis has become important among hemodialysis (HD) patients. In this study, the investigators sought to evaluate the relationship between bone mineral density (BMD) and biochemical markers of bone turnover among HD patients. A total ...
Frankel Bruce M - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Instrumentation of the osteoporotic spine may result in bone failure because of pedicle screw loosening and pullout. A clinical evaluation of a novel fenestrated bone tap used in pedicle screw augmentation was performed to determine the performance and safety of this technique. METHODS: Over a 2.5-year period, the clinical ...
Borchhardt K - - 2007
Hypercalcemia in persistent secondary hyperparathyroidism after kidney transplantation is considered to result from increased bone resorption. Bone biopsies' studies, however, have never been performed in these patients. Bone biopsies after double tetracycline labeling were obtained from 17 patients with hypercalcemic hyperparathyroidism and an estimated glomerular filtration rate > 30 mL/min/1.73 ...
Grigorescu Sido P - - 2007
AIM: This study reports the first evaluation of therapeutic response in Romanian patients with Gaucher disease type I, after therapy with Cerezyme recently became available in our country. PATIENTS AND METHODS: 24 patients (11-50 years) received Cerezyme 20-60 U/kg every two weeks for at least 18 months. Haemoglobin, platelet count, ...
Maves Stephanie N - - 2007
We present a series of 88 adult patients referred for diagnostic genetic services in two settings. Patients referred for prenatal diagnosis, adult-onset neurodegenerative disease or cancer susceptibility counseling were specifically excluded from analysis. Information was obtained regarding age, gender, referral sources, previous genetics evaluation, referring diagnosis, final diagnosis, diagnostic test, ...
Lecouvet Frédéric E - - 2007
PURPOSE: To evaluate the diagnostic performance, costs, and impact on therapy of one-step magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the axial skeleton (MRIas) for detecting bone metastases in patients with high-risk prostate cancer (PCa). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Sixty-six consecutive patients with high-risk PCa prospectively underwent MRIas in addition to the standard ...
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