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Results 401 - 450 of 1347
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Rudnik-Schöneborn S - - 2004
We describe 6 unrelated patients affected by infantile spinal muscular atrophy with respiratory distress type 1 (SMARD1) with prolonged survival upon mechanical ventilation (4.5-11 years), which has not been reported before. Biallelic mutations in the IGHMBP2 gene proved the diagnosis of SMARD1 in all patients. Disease onset was in the ...
Kitahara Yoshihiro - - 2004
We used Noninvasive Positive Pressure Ventilation (NPPV) in nine patients with acute respiratory failure (ARF), not related to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). After separating the nine patients into a hypercapnic group (five patients) and a non-hypercapnic group (four patients), we investigated its effectiveness in physiological improvement and avoiding intubation. ...
Scolieri Paul - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To describe the potential uses of a rigid bronchoscopy in pediatric patients, as well as explaining the advantage of a rigid bronchoscopy versus a flexible bronchoscopy in pediatric patients with acute lung collapse. DESIGN: Case report. SETTING: Pediatric intensive care unit. PATIENT: A 16-month-old male infant with a 5-day ...
Todisco Tommaso - - 2004
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Acute respiratory failure (ARF) can be treated with either invasive mechanical ventilation (IMV) or noninvasive mechanical ventilation (NIMV), which can spare the complications of artificial airways. To evaluate the efficacy of an integrated approach using negative pressure ventilation (NPV) with iron lung and noninvasive positive pressure ventilation (NPPV), ...
Quasney Michael W - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Pulmonary surfactant protein (SP)-B plays a vital role in the formation and function of surfactant in the lung. A genetic polymorphism (SP-B + 1580) is postulated to result in diminished activity of SP-B. The objective was to determine whether the SP-B + 1580 CC genotype is associated with an ...
Bertorini Tulio E - - 2004
Patients with neuromuscular disorders who undergo surgical procedures are particularly predisposed to complications during the perioperative period. Such complications may arise from respiratory failure, arrhythmias,or infections, and particularly MH. It is recommended that these patients be monitored for respiratory and cardiovascular complications and receive proper respiratory toilet, physio-therapy, and incentive ...
Walsh T S - - 2004
BACKGROUND: There is increasing evidence that weaning protocols improve outcome from mechanical ventilation, but it is unclear how best to implement such protocols in large intensive care units. We evaluated a checklist of simple bedside criteria to determine whether it could be used reliably to predict successful discontinuation of mechanical ...
Sancho Jesús - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To determine under what circumstances the use of mechanical insufflation-exsufflation (MI-E) can generate clinically effective expiratory flows for airway clearance (> 2.7 L/s) for clinically stable patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). MATERIALS AND METHOD: Twenty-six consecutive patients with ALS were studied, 15 with severe bulbar dysfunction. Using a ...
Conti G - - 2004
The authors briefly review the clinical applications of non-invasive ventilation (NIV) in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), mostly focusing on the application of NIV in the intensive care setting. After a short discussion of the main pathophysiologic aspects of NIV administration in patients with acute exacerbation of COPD, ...
Matić Ivo - - 2004
AIM: To compare T-tube and pressure support ventilation (PSV) as two methods of weaning patients from mechanical ventilation. METHODS: A randomized prospective study included 260 patients who received mechanical ventilation for more than 48 h, and who were admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) at Dr. Josip Bencevic General ...
Miske Laura J - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Impaired cough secondary to weakness from neuromuscular disease (NMD) can cause serious respiratory complications, including atelectasis, pneumonia, small airway obstruction, and acidosis. The mechanical in-exsufflator (MI-E) delivers a positive-pressure insufflation followed by an expulsive exsufflation, thereby simulating a normal cough. Use of the MI-E in adults with impaired cough ...
Shadnia Shahin - - 2004
In most severe cases of strychnine poisoning, the patient dies before reaching the hospital. This report describes the treatment and successful outcome of a patient who had taken a dose of strychnine that would normally be fatal. A 28-y-old man was admitted 2 h after ingestion of 1 to 1.5 ...
Eisenhut Michael - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: To compare disease severity as judged by duration of ventilation, inotrope use and mortality in children ventilated for respiratory syncytial virus (RSV)-positive lower respiratory tract infection (LRTI) with and without elevated transaminase levels and to determine the aetiology of elevated transaminase levels in this patient group. DESIGN: Prospective observational ...
Coelho Miguel - - 2004
A patient was admitted for fever and acute respiratory failure (ARF), rapidly progressive tetraparesis, delirium, behavioral abnormalities, and diplopia. Leukocytosis and a rise in C-reactive protein were present. A syndrome of inappropriate anti-diuretic hormone secretion (SIADH) was also diagnosed. Lumbar puncture yielded colorless CFS with mononuclear pleocytosis and protein rise. ...
Laakso Olli - - 2004
Interest in noninvasive methods for disease diagnosis is increasing. In this study, we tested the utility and potential of a portable Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) multicomponent analyzer in the emergency rooms (ERs) of two Finnish hospitals. Major detected breath volatiles in this population were ethanol, carbon monoxide, methane, and acetone, ...
Marvisi Maurizio - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Cardiac arrhythmias are common in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and acute respiratory failure (ARF) and may be life threatening. Recently, non-invasive positive pressure ventilation has been advanced as a useful tool in COPD patients with ARF. This method can affect global cardiac performance through its effects ...
Anzueto Antonio - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To determine the incidence, risk factors, and outcome of barotrauma in a cohort of mechanically ventilated patients where limited tidal volumes and airway pressures were used. DESIGN AND SETTING: Prospective cohort of 361 intensive care units from 20 countries. PATIENTS AND PARTICIPANTS: A total of 5183 patients mechanically ventilated ...
Moloney E D - - 2004
The majority of patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) require mechanical ventilation. This support provides time for the lungs to heal, but the adverse effects of mechanical ventilation significantly influence patient outcome. Traditionally, these were ascribed to mechanical effects, such as haemodynamic compromise from decreased venous return or gross ...
Gorini Massimo - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To investigate in clinical practice the role of non-invasive mechanical ventilation in the treatment of acute respiratory failure on chronic respiratory disorders. DESIGN: An 18 months prospective cohort study. SETTING: A specialised respiratory intensive care unit in a university-affiliated hospital. PATIENTS: A total of 258 consecutive patients with acute ...
Brvar Miran - - 2004
Colchicum autumnale, commonly known as the autumn crocus, contains alkaloid colchicine with antimitotic properties. A 76-year-old man with a history of alcoholic liver disease and renal insufficiency, who mistakenly ingested Colchicum autumnale instead of wild garlic (Aliium ursinum), presented with nausea, vomiting and diarrhea 12 hours after ingestion. On admission ...
Zafeiriou Dimitrios I - - 2004
The congenital myasthenic syndromes (CMS) constitute a group of genetic disorders, which affect neuromuscular transmission, presenting usually within the first years of life and with a clinical spectrum ranging from mild muscle weakness to severe disability with life-threatening episodes. We present clinical and neurophysiological data of 11 patients (four males, ...
Hill Nicholas S - - 2004
Noninvasive positive-pressure ventilation (NPPV) should be considered a standard of care to treat COPD exacerbations in selected patients, because NPPV markedly reduces the need for intubation and improves outcomes, including lowering complication and mortality rates and shortening hospital stay. Weaker evidence indicates that NPPV is beneficial for COPD patients suffering ...
Eddleston Michael - - 2004
Early deaths from organophosphorus (OP) pesticide self-poisoning result from respiratory failure and cardiovascular collapse. Therapy requires the urgent use of atropine to reverse cholinergic excess, thereby improving respiratory function, heart rate, and blood pressure. We aimed to assess variation in textbook recommendations for early atropinisation and to see whether this ...
Perrin Christophe - - 2004
Chronic neuromuscular diseases may affect all major respiratory muscles groups including inspiratory, expiratory, and bulbar, and respiratory complications are the major cause of morbidity and mortality. Untreated, many of these diseases lead inexorably to hypercapnic respiratory failure, precipitated in some cases by chronic aspiration and secretion retention or pneumonia, related ...
Giraldo B F - - 2004
Mechanical ventilators are used to provide life support in patients with respiratory failure. One of the challenges in intensive care is the process of weaning from mechanical ventilation. We studied the differences in respiratory pattern variability between patients capable of maintaining spontaneous breathing during weaning trials and patients that fail ...
Haitsma Jack J - - 2003
Every year, millions of patients worldwide receive ventilator support during surgery. Mechanical ventilation has become an important therapy in the treatment of patients with impaired pulmonary function and particularly in patients suffering from adult respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). ARDS is caused by multiple factors and is characterized by respiratory dysfunction ...
Balantic Zvone - - 2003
Weakening of the respiratory muscles in patients with neuromuscular diseases (NMDs) threatens them with respiratory failure. The respiratory capacity of these patients is estimated by pulmonary functional tests. One of the most frequently used tests is the measurement of vital capacity (VC) and determination of the percentage share of the ...
Balit Corrine R - - 2003
STUDY OBJECTIVE: We describe the effects of quetiapine in overdose. METHODS: Quetiapine poisonings were identified from a prospective database of poisoning admissions to a regional toxicology service. Data extracted included details of ingestion, clinical features, investigations (including ECG), and other outcomes (length of stay and ICU admission rate). RESULTS: There ...
Girou Emmanuelle - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of continuous subglottic suctioning and semi-recumbent body position on bacterial colonisation of the lower respiratory tract. DESIGN: A randomised controlled trial. SETTING: The ten-bed medical ICU of a French university hospital. PATIENTS: Critically ill patients expected to require mechanical ventilation for more than 5 days. ...
Combes Alain - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Earlier reports suggested that transthoracic (TTE) determination of the ratio of mitral inflow E wave velocity to early diastolic mitral annulus velocity (E/E') measured by tissue Doppler imaging (TDI) closely approximates PAOP in cardiac patients. However, the value of E/E' for PAOP assessment in ICU patients has not been ...
Suzuki Satoshi - - 2003
We examined the immunohistochemical distribution of 11 beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 2 (11 beta-HSD2), the enzyme responsible for the conversion of bioactive glucocorticoids to their receptor-inactive forms, in lung tissue obtained at autopsy from 14 patients who had died due to acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). We found positive immunoreactivity for ...
Elman Lauren B - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Current recommendations are to institute nocturnal nasal ventilation for amyotrophic lateral sclerosis patients with a forced vital capacity (FVC) of <50% of predicted normal. The purpose of this study was to determine whether this is appropriate. DESIGN: A total of 87 nocturnal oximetry evaluations were performed on 78 consecutive ...
Koul Roshan - - 2003
A prospective study of Guillain-Barré syndrome from January 1992 to December 2001 was undertaken. Intravenous immunoglobulins were used in all patients. All patients were followed up until complete recovery. Various parameters, such as onset of weakness, duration of hospital stay, ventilation requirement, residual deficit, and mortality, were recorded. Acute relapses ...
Tantitanawat Sompong - - 2003
To determine the prognostic factors associated with severity and death of leptospirosis, the authors conducted a hospital based cross sectional study by collecting data of adult patients that were admitted to Phrae Hospital for leptospirosis from 1998 to 2001. The serology was confirmed with a microscopic agglutination test (MAT). The ...
Knowles Sandra R - - 2003
Although information on efficacy and adverse drug reactions is lacking, ribavirin has been used empirically for the treatment of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS). We report common adverse events in 110 patients with suspected or probable SARS who were treated with ribavirin. Sixty-one percent of the patients had evidence of ...
Vigg A - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: Several studies have been published in western literature on incidence, prevalence, clinical course, outcome and mortality in patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). There are very few studies on the pattern of ARDS seen in Indian population. There are anecdotal reports of ARDS associated with different tropical diseases ...
Liesching Timothy - - 2003
Noninvasive positive-pressure ventilation (NPPV) has been used increasingly to treat acute respiratory failure (ARF). The best indications for its use are ARF in patients with COPD exacerbations, acute pulmonary edema, and immunocompromised states. For these indications, multiple controlled trials have demonstrated that therapy with NPPV avoids intubation and, in the ...
Fowler Robert A - - 2003
CONTEXT: Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) is a newly recognized infectious disease capable of causing severe respiratory failure. OBJECTIVE: To determine the epidemiological features, course, and outcomes of patients with SARS-related critical illness. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PATIENTS: Retrospective case series of 38 adult patients with SARS-related critical illness admitted to ...
Zealear David L - - 2003
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Electrical stimulation of the posterior cricoarytenoid muscle, when paced with inspiration, offers a physiological approach to restore ventilation in bilateral laryngeal paralysis without any of the disadvantages associated with conventional treatment. STUDY DESIGN: A prospective study of six patients. METHODS: The patients were successfully implanted with an Itrel II ...
Hurst J R - - 2003
Non-invasive ventilatory support is commonly used to palliate symptoms and extend longevity in patients with ventilatory failure due to neuromuscular and restrictive chest wall disease. We describe a patient with ventilatory failure due to a combination of these factors in whom the application of non-invasive ventilation led to intolerable symptoms. ...
Bouza Emilio - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To determine the frequency, etiology, and risk factors of ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) and purulent tracheobronchitis (TBX) in patients who have undergone heart surgery. To study the predictive role of systematic surveillance cultures. DESIGN: Prospective study. SETTING: Heart surgery intensive care unit. PATIENTS: Intubated heart surgical patients. INTERVENTIONS: Systematic tracheal ...
Giacomini Matteo - - 2003
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Noninvasive ventilation, although effective as treatment for patients with acute cardiogenic pulmonary edema when prolonged for hours, is of limited use in the emergency department (ED). The aim of the study was to determine whether a short attempt at noninvasive pressure support ventilation avoids ICU admittance and to ...
Henzler Dietrich - - 2003
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Chronic pulmonary diseases are getting more important in daily anaesthetic practice, because prevalence is increasing and improved anaesthetic techniques have led to the abandonment of previous contraindications to anaesthesia. It is therefore essential for the anaesthetist to be up to date with current clinical concepts and their ...
- - 2003
Patients suffering from severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) sometimes require mechanical ventilation. This raises safety concerns about the SARS virus being carried by droplets that exit from the exhalation limb of the ventilator. ECRI recommends that breathing-circuit filters be incorporated in the exhalation limb of any ventilator used on a ...
Booth Christopher M - - 2003
CONTEXT: Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) is an emerging infectious disease that first manifested in humans in China in November 2002 and has subsequently spread worldwide. OBJECTIVES: To describe the clinical characteristics and short-term outcomes of SARS in the first large group of patients in North America; to describe how ...
Takano Y - - 2003
An end-tidal CO2 (ETCO2) monitor (capnometer) is used most often as a noninvasive substitute for PaCO2 in anesthesia, anesthetic recovery and intensive care. However, the utility and accuracy of the portable capnometer in spontaneously breathing patients with or without chronic pulmonary diseases has received little recognition. To determine the utility ...
Diehl Jean-Luc - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that helium/oxygen mixture can reduce the work of breathing at the end of the weaning process in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. DESIGN: Prospective, randomized, crossover study. SETTING: Two medical intensive care units at two university tertiary care centers. PATIENTS: Thirteen patients with chronic ...
Donaldson L - - 2003
We measured oxygen consumption using a new noninvasive modular metabolic monitor, M-COVX trade mark, in ventilated critically ill patients. Oxygen consumption was measured continuously as part of routine monitoring for up to 24 h following mechanical ventilation in 27 patients admitted to a general intensive care unit. We explored several ...
Walker P P - - 2003
Morquio's disease is a metabolic disorder that can cause various respiratory abnormalities. Patients who live into adulthood are likely to develop upper airway problems and respiratory failure. With advances in home ventilation, these patients are increasingly likely to be referred to specialist respiratory units. We describe our experiences with two ...
Lanini Barbara - - 2003
Owing to difficulties in measuring ventilation symmetry, good evidence of different right/left respiratory movements has not yet been provided. We investigated VT differences between paretic and healthy sides during quiet breathing, voluntary hyperventilation, and hypercapnic stimulation in patients with hemiparesis. We studied eight patients with hemiparesis and nine normal sex- ...
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