Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 1347
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Shirgoska B - - 2005
In this prospective study we have analysed the level of nitric oxide in hypertensive patients scheduled for general anaesthesia. In the study were included thirty-four patients with chronicle inflammatory disease of the middle ear who have undergone surgical treatment at the Clinic for Ear, Nose and Throat Surgery. The aim ...
Eyer Florian - - 2005
The clinical features, complications, and pharmacokinetics of intentional acute valproic acid (VPA) overdoses are described. Alteration in fatty acid metabolism is evaluated and therapy-induced changes are discussed. Central nervous system features were the predominant clinical manifestations (6/6), followed by respiratory failure (5/6) and multiorgan failure (2/6). Mechanical ventilation was required ...
Xirouchaki N - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Noninvasive bilevel positive pressure ventilation (N-BiPAP) has an established role in providing respiratory support in patients with acute respiratory failure. The significant advantage of N-BiPAP is to avoid endotracheal intubation and its complications. Currently there are no data that support N-BiPAP as first-line treatment in patients with blunt thoracic ...
Hess Dean R - - 2005
There is much interest in the use of noninvasive positive-pressure ventilation (NPPV) to prevent intubation and afford a survival benefit for patients. The risk of pneumonia in patients receiving NPPV has been reported in 12 studies. Compared to patients receiving invasive mechanical ventilation (4 studies), the pneumonia rate is lower ...
Hess Dean R - - 2005
Rotational beds, prone position, and semi-recumbent position have been proposed as procedures to prevent ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP). Rotational therapy uses a special bed designed to turn continuously, or nearly continuously, the patient from side to side; specific designs include kinetic therapy and continuous lateral rotation therapy. A meta-analysis of studies ...
Friedlich Philippe - - 2005
BACKGROUND: As the use of inhaled nitric oxide (iNO) resulted in a decline in the need for extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) in neonates with hypoxic respiratory failure, iNO has become an accepted treatment modality even in non-ECMO centers. However, because not all neonates respond to iNO, the timely identification and ...
Henderson Robert D - - 2005
Neuromuscular respiratory failure is not considered to be a clinical feature of chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (CIDP). We present 4 patients with CIDP who required respiratory assistance and mechanical ventilation. Two patients needed emergent intubation and one patient lapsed in a stupor from hypercapnia. Respiratory failure in CIDP should be ...
Calfee Carolyn S - - 2005
Important advances have been made over the past decade towards understanding the optimal approach to ventilating patients with acute respiratory failure. Evidence now supports the use of noninvasive positive pressure ventilation in selected patients with hypercapnic respiratory failure and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, cardiogenic pulmonary edema, and for facilitating the ...
Vidaur Loreto - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: To determine the pattern of resolution of classic infectious and respiratory variables in patients with ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) and appropriate empirical therapy, depending on the presence of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). A secondary objective was to identify clinical variables that might be useful for monitoring response to therapy. ...
Ferrer M - - 2005
Patients with chronic airflow obstruction and difficult weaning from mechanical ventilation are at increased risk for intubation-associated complications and mortality because of prolonged invasive mechanical ventilation. Non-invasive positive-pressure ventilation (NPPV) may revert most of the pathophysiologic mechanisms associated with weaning failure in these patients. Several randomised controlled trials have shown ...
Conti G - - 2005
The authors review the clinical applications of non invasive ventilation (NIV) in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), mostly focusing on NIV issues and possible solutions. After briefly reviewing the respiratory mechanics modification during an episode of COPD exacerbation, the authors describe the two crucial technical aspects (choice of ...
Racca Fabrizio - - 2005
Partial patient-controlled mechanical support mode ventilators provide positive pressure assistance whenever a patient's inspiratory effort decreases pressure or flow in the ventilator circuit below the sensitivity set by clinicians; these modes minimize disuse atrophy of the respiratory muscles, can facilitate the weaning process, and usually require lower ventilator pressures. The ...
Bein Thomas - - 2005
BACKGROUND: A retrospective analysis was performed to estimate the practicability of a pumpless extracorporeal lung assist system (pECLA) in trauma patients suffering from severe brain injury and the acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). METHODS: Five patients with acute severe brain injury and ARDS, ventilated in a lung protective mode, were ...
Lee On Kei Angela - - 2005
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of music on the anxiety of patients on mechanical ventilation, as assessed by objective parameters and a subjective validated anxiety scale. BACKGROUND: Mechanical ventilation, although sometimes lifesaving, is often associated with levels of anxiety requiring sedatives, which ...
Costa Joicely M - - 2005
Patients in an intensive care unit (ICU) under mechanical ventilation (MV) are very difficult to image by transthoracic echocardiography, diminishing the beneficial information that could be obtained by this noninvasive approach. The objective of this study is to assess whether the addition of a contrast agent to fundamental imaging (FI) ...
Gunduz M - - 2005
INTRODUCTION: The role of non-invasive positive pressure ventilation delivered through a face mask in patients with flail chest is uncertain. We conducted a prospective, randomised study of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) given via a face mask to spontaneously breathing patients compared with intermittent positive pressure ventilation (IPPV) with endotracheal ...
Angie Ho Chee-Yueh - - 2005
Functional separation of the lungs may be accomplished by several methods. Patient with restricted mouth opening has limited options for one-lung ventilation. We report the use of wire-guided endobronchial blockade, a new tool for achieving one-lung ventilation in a patient with restricted mouth opening requiring nasotracheal, fiberoptic intubation for esophagectomy ...
Soliman Mohamed Gouda - - 2005
In patients with poliomyelitis, respiratory failure requiring ventilatory support may occur during the acute illness. Some patients continue to require long-term nocturnal ventilatory support; others are weaned but subsequently require support because of a late deterioration in ventilatory function. OBJECTIVES: To assess the sensitivity of sniff nasal inspiratory pressure (SNIP) ...
Slee-Wijffels Fieke Y A M - - 2005
INTRODUCTION: The present article reports our experience with high-frequency oscillatory ventilation (HFOV) in pediatric patients who deteriorated on conventional mechanical ventilation. METHODS: The chart records of 53 consecutively HFOV-treated patients from 1 January 1998 to 1 April 2004 were retrospectively analyzed. The parameters of demographic data, cause of respiratory insufficiency, ...
Wongtongkam Nualnong - - 2005
This study evaluated factors affecting the severity of bite site necrosis and systemic symptoms resulting from envenomation among patients bitten by Thai cobras (Naja kaouthia) in Thailand. We studied 45 victims prospectively. An additional 40 medical records were obtained for a retrospective study. Collected data included gender of the victims, ...
Macintosh Iain - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Veno-venous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) is an established therapy for the treatment of respiratory failure. Traditionally ECMO has been used to support patients with an acute, reversible disease process, with a predictable outcome. We report the successful use of veno-venous ECMO for an unusual indication. PATIENT: A 10-year old ...
Nseir Saad - - 2005
INTRODUCTION: Our objective was to determine the effect of ventilator-associated tracheobronchitis (VAT) on outcome in patients without chronic respiratory failure. METHODS: This was a retrospective observational matched study, conducted in a 30-bed intensive care unit (ICU). All immunocompetent, nontrauma, ventilated patients without chronic respiratory failure admitted over a 6.5-year period ...
Liu Chun-Yu - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) is an emerging viral infectious disease. We report our experience in treating SARS patients. METHODS: From April 27 to May 24, 2003, a total of 36 patients with probable SARS were admitted and treated in a hospital rearranged as a special center for the ...
Gibbons Christopher H - - 2005
Dyspnea is a common symptom in patients with pulmonary and cardiac disease. Orthostatic hypotension is rarely considered a cause of dyspnea. We reviewed the medical records of 651 consecutive patients referred for the evaluation of dysautonomia to investigate the prevalence of dyspnea and its association with OH and other autonomic ...
Zihlif Mamoon - - 2005
Using a retrospective review of medical records, we sought the findings of surgical lung biopsy (SLB) in patients with hematological malignancy or hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) and unexplained pulmonary infiltrates and to determine the impact of this procedure on management and outcome of these patients. Sixty-two patients who underwent ...
Putensen Christian - - 2005
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Mechanical ventilation is usually provided in acute lung injury to ensure alveolar ventilation and reduce the patients' work of breathing without further damaging the lungs by the treatment itself. Although partial ventilatory support modalities were initially developed for weaning from mechanical ventilation, they are increasingly used as ...
Wasay Mohammad - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Autonomic nervous system (ANS) dysfunction is present in up to one third of patients with tetanus. The prognostic value of ANS dysfunction is known in severe tetanus but its value is not well established in mild to moderate tetanus. METHODS: Medical records of all patients admitted with tetanus at ...
Hagemans M L C - - 2005
Late-onset Pompe's disease (acid maltase deficiency, glycogen storage disease type II) is a slowly progressive myopathy caused by deficiency of acid alpha-glucosidase. Current developments in enzyme replacement therapy require detailed knowledge of the kind and severity of symptoms and the natural course of the disease in the patient population. A ...
Sein Anand Jacek - - 2005
Baclofen is a lipophilic analogue of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA), an inhibitory neurotransmitter in central nervous system. The aim of the study was to evaluate some clinical aspects of acute intoxication with baclofen. Fifty two patients (37 females and 15 males) aged from 14 to 58 (mean 30.6 +/- 13.7) years ...
Wahl Wendy L - - 2005
Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) remains a major cause of morbidity and mortality for patients with burns. In nonburn populations, bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) excludes other pathology such as systemic inflammatory response syndrome. We hypothesized that BAL would decrease our false-positive VAP rate. All ventilated patients with burn injury who were admitted to ...
Mueller Eric W - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Empiric antibiotic therapy is routinely initiated for patients with presumed ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP). The impact of inadequate empiric antibiotic therapy (IEAT) may vary among critically ill populations. The purpose of this retrospective study was to determine the effect of IEAT on the outcome for adult trauma patients with VAP. ...
Sato Takeo - - 2005
The characteristics of Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (PCP) in patients with connective tissue diseases (CTDs) were examined retrospectively. Nine patients were enrolled in this study. Their mean age was 57.1 years. All the patients received a high-dose steroid or immunosuppressant. The onset (mean 6.6 days) of fever, cough, breathlessness, and geographical ...
Budinger G R Scott - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Fibroproliferation markers like procollagen I predict mortality in patients with acute lung injury (ALI) and acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). We sought to determine whether bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) from patients with lung injury contained mediators that would activate procollagen I promoter and if this activation predicted important clinical ...
Hutter Deborah A - - 2004
BACKGROUND: A study was undertaken to determine factors present in adult patients, newly admitted to the hospital, that predict the inability of noninvasive positive-pressure ventilation (NPPV) to sustain the work of breathing and avoid endotracheal intubation. METHODS: Data were collected prospectively from patients with acute respiratory failure who were admitted ...
Fu Eugene S - - 2004
STUDY OBJECTIVE: This two-part study was designed to determine the effect of supplemental oxygen on the detection of hypoventilation, evidenced by a decline in oxygen saturation (Spo(2)) with pulse oximetry. DESIGN: Phase 1 was a prospective, patient-controlled, clinical trial. Phase 2 was a prospective, randomized, clinical trial. SETTING: Phase 1 ...
Bach John Robert - - 2004
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To explore the use of oximetry as a guide for using respiratory aids and tracheotomy in the treatment of patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). SETTING: A retrospective review of all ALS patients presenting to a neuromuscular disease clinic since 1996. METHODS: Patients who were symptomatic for nocturnal ...
Tafil-Klawe M - - 2004
Ventilatory responses to progressive hypercapnia were analyzed in the normocapnic and hypercapnic obstructive sleep apnea patients (OSA). The rebreathing hypercapnic and hypoxic tests were performed using the computerized equipment (Lungtest, MES), according to Read's method. The ventilatory response to hypoxia was impaired in all OSA patients. Concerning the hypercapnic ventilatory ...
Pittock S J - - 2004
Decisions on ventilatory support (VS) in multiple sclerosis (MS) are complex. All patients with MS requiring mechanical ventilation or tracheostomy since 1969 (22) at Mayo Clinic were reviewed. Seventeen had progressive (PMS; 11 secondary and six primary progressive) and one had relapsing remitting MS (RRMS). Four had neuromyelitis optica (NMO). ...
Gibberd F B - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Adult Refsum's disease (ARD) is characterised by the presence of retinitis pigmentosa, ataxia, deafness, sensory neuropathy, and bony changes. The diagnosis is confirmed by the presence of phytanic acidaemia. Although reduced smell function has been described in ARD, its value in the diagnosis of the condition has not been ...
Winck João C - - 2004
STUDY OBJECTIVES: To analyze the physiologic effects and tolerance of mechanical insufflation-exsufflation (MI-E) for patients with chronic ventilatory failure of various etiologies. DESIGN: Prospective clinical trial. SETTING: Rehabilitation unit of a university hospital. PATIENTS OR PARTICIPANTS: Thirteen patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), 9 patients with severe COPD, and 7 ...
Teichtahl Harry - - 2004
Patients in methadone maintenance programmes (MMT) often smoke tobacco and cannabis and many have ongoing illicit drug use. There is therefore potential for these patients to have abnormal cardiorespiratory function; however, few studies address this in stable MMT patients. We assessed resting cardiorespiratory function on 50 stable MMT patients (25 ...
Gando Satoshi - - 2004
To determine the existence of a close link between inflammation and coagulation in patients with acute lung injury (ALI) and acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) and to examine their prognostic value in the development of ARDS and clinical outcome, we made a prospective cohort study. The study subjects consisted of ...
Lehmann Andreas - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Levosimendan is a new calcium sensitizer, which enhances myocardial contractility while simultaneously having vasodilatory and cardioprotective effects. These properties could be advantageous in patients with myocardial ischemia requiring inotropic support. MATERIAL/METHODS: 10 patients with acute myocardial ischemia, cardiogenic shock, and/or cardiopulmonary resuscitation undergoing emergency surgical revascularization were treated with ...
Scala Raffaele - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence and the impact of chronic and/or acute non-respiratory co-morbidity on short and longer-term outcome of non-invasive positive pressure ventilation (NIPPV) in acute decompensations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) with acute hypercapnic respiratory failure (AHRF). DESIGN AND SETTING: An observational study in a three-bed respiratory ...
Kim Sun Jong - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether long-term outcome differs between acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) resulting from pulmonary (ARDSp) and extrapulmonary (ARDSexp) causes. DESIGN: Observational study. SETTING: Medical intensive care unit of a university hospital. PATIENTS: Twenty-nine ARDS patients (16 ARDSp and 13 ARDSexp) who survived over 6 months after diagnosis. MEASUREMENTS ...
Rabe Christian - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: It is not known whether the poor outcome of ventilated cirrhotic patients is related to the severity of the underlying liver disease or to the severity of the acute illness for which ICU care is required. This study examines parameters both of chronic liver disease and of acute illness ...
Boynton Jackie H - - 2004
INTRODUCTION: The effect of various airway management strategies, such as the timing of tracheostomy, on liberation from mechanical ventilation (MV) is uncertain. We tested the hypothesis that tracheostomy, when performed prior to active weaning, does not influence the duration of weaning or of MV in comparison with a more selective ...
Squadrone Enzo - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether non-invasive ventilation (NIV) may be an effective and safe alternative to invasive mechanical ventilation in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients with acute respiratory failure (ARF) meeting criteria for mechanical ventilation. DESIGN AND SETTING: Matched case-control study conducted in ICU. PATIENTS AND INTERVENTION: NIV was prospectively ...
Shields John A - - 2004
Hypoxemia occurred after induction of anesthesia and repositioning in a patient undergoing hip pinning. The patient had previously presented to the emergency department with multiple fractures and hemodynamic instability sustained in a motor vehicle accident. Three days after admission to the intensive care unit the patient remained intubated with respiratory ...
Kuniyoshi Yukio - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: We investigated the benefit of diaphragmatic plication for weaning from mechanical ventilation in these adult patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Four patients underwent diaphragmatic plication for difficulty of weaning from mechanical ventilation due to diaphragmatic paralysis. They were all men with an average age of 70.5 +/- 6.3 years. Three ...
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