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Boixeda Ramon - - 2012
Respiratory infection is the most common cause for acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (AE-COPD). The aim of this work was to study the etiology of the respiratory infection in order to assess the usefulness of the clinical and analytical parameters used for COPD identification. We included 132 patients ...
Takezawa Yutaka - - 2011
A differential diagnosis of common bacterial peritonitis and appendicitis is difficult in continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) patients, and thus the definite diagnosis of appendicitis is often delayed. In this case, a 60-year-old man undergoing CAPD was at first diagnosed with bacterial peritonitis but not appendicitis, and antibiotics were administered. ...
Kawaguchi T - - 2011
AIM: To investigate the clinical and radiological features of meningitis with subarachnoid diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) hyperintensity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The clinical features, laboratory data, and radiological findings, including the number and distribution of subarachnoid DWI hyperintense lesions and other radiological abnormalities, of 18 patients seen at five institutions were evaluated. ...
He Jiayan - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the profiles of periodontopathogenic bacteria in a Chinese population using quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-four periodontally healthy Chinese subjects and 60 patients with chronic periodontitis (CP) were enrolled in this cross-sectional study. qRT-PCR was used to ...
McCaffrey Lucas M - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Listeria monocytogenes is a motile, aerobic, Gram-positive intracellular bacillus that causes enteritis, meningitis, meningoencephalitis, or subacute bacterial endocarditis. Patients with impaired T-lymphocyte function/cell-mediated immunity are predisposed to intracellular pathogens, e.g., L. monocytogenes. In adults, infection by L. monocytogenes of the central nervous system (CNS) clinically manifests as either acute ...
Vázquez Jorge Alejandro - - 2012
Improved diagnostic tests would aid in diagnosing and treating community-acquired meningitis. To analyze the diagnostic value of interleukin-6 (IL-6) in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of patients presenting with symptoms of acute meningitis. In a 6-month prospective, observational, cross-sectional emergency department (ED) study, serum and CSF samples were obtained from all ...
Ersoy Yasemin - - 2011
Objectives: The aim of this study was to develop a new diagnostic index (DI) on the basis of clinical and laboratory findings including serum C-reactive protein (CRP) for tuberculous meningitis (TM) and bacterial meningitis (BM). Subjects and Methods: During a 7-year period, 96 adult patients with meningitis (30 with TM ...
Tannock Gerald W - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Chronic pouchitis is an important long-term complication following ileal pouch-anal anastomosis for ulcerative colitis. Antibiotic administration reduces symptoms of pouchitis, indicating that bacteria have a role in pathogenesis. The aim of the research was to investigate the bacterial content of pouches using nucleic acid-based methods. METHODS: Stool microbiota of ...
Parkes G C - - 2011
Background  There is increasing evidence to support a role for the gastrointestinal microbiota in the etiology of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). Given the evidence of an inflammatory component to IBS, the mucosa-associated microbiota potentially play a key role in its pathogenesis. The objectives were to compare the mucosa-associated microbiota between ...
Antoniuk Sérgio A - - 2011
To assess acute neurological complications and neurological sequelae of childhood acute bacterial meningitis in order to determine possible warning signs. This retrospective study evaluated children with acute bacterial meningitis (between 1 month and 14 years of age) admitted between 2003 and 2006. Of the 44 patients studied, 17 (38.6%) had ...
Yakoob Javed - - 2011
BACKGROUND /AIM: The symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome resemble those of small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO). The aim of this study was to determine the frequency of SIBO and lactose intolerance (LI) occurrence in patients with diarrhea-predominant irritable bowel syndrome (IBS-D) according to Rome III criteria. In this retrospective case-control ...
Hester K L M KL Freeman Hospital, Freeman Road, High Heaton, Newcastle upon Tyne, NE7 7DN, - - 2012
Fatigue is a complex, disabling symptom in non-CF bronchiectasis (nCF-Br). Fatigue can be formally measured using the validated fatigue impact scale (FIS). The relationship between fatigue and clinically important factors such as airflow obstruction, breathlessness or Pseudomonas aeruginosa infection in nCF-Br is unclear. To measure the correlation between FIS scores ...
Biglari B - - 2011
Study design:Prospective, observational study of 20 spinal cord-injured (SCI) patients with chronic pressure ulcers (PUs) using Medihoney.Objectives:To determine the effects of Medihoney by bacterial growth, wound size and stage of healing in PUs.Methods:We treated 20 SCI adult patients with chronic PUs using Medihoney. In all, 7 patients (35%) were female, ...
Steed Helen - - 2011
Sepsis is common in liver cirrhosis, and animal studies have shown the gut to be the principal source of infection, through bacterial overgrowth and translocation in the small bowel. A total of 33 patients were recruited into this study, 10 without cirrhosis and 23 with cirrhotic liver disease. Six distal ...
Blocher J - - 2011
Aquaporins facilitate water transport through cell membranes. Due to the localization of AQP1 and AQP4 in the brain, they might contribute to cerebral edema. Our study aimed to determine whether AQP1 and AQP4 can be measured in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), and whether there is a difference in AQP1 and AQP4 ...
Wang Tingting - - 2012
Despite a long-suspected role in the development of human colorectal cancer (CRC), the composition of gut microbiota in CRC patients has not been adequately described. In this study, fecal bacterial diversity in CRC patients (n=46) and healthy volunteers (n=56) were profiled by 454 pyrosequencing of the V3 region of the ...
Fynne Lotte - - 2011
Abstract Background. Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is an autoimmune disease characterized by fibrosis and collagen deposits. Gastrointestinal symptoms of SSc, including abdominal pain, bloating and discomfort, are common but diffuse and their pathophysiology remains obscure. Aim. To investigate the pathophysiology of abdominal pain and discomfort in individuals with SSc. Methods. A ...
Komatsuda Atsushi - - 2011
INTRODUCTION:: High serum procalcitonin (PCT) levels (≥0.5 ng/mL) commonly occur with systemic bacterial and fungal infections. Although several studies suggested that measuring serum PCT levels may serve as a useful marker to distinguish between active antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies (ANCA)-associated diseases and invasive infections, there is no information on PCT in ...
Ruiz-Garbajosa P - - 2011
Enterococcus faecium belonging to the polyclonal subcluster CC17, with a typical ampicillin-resistant E. faecium (AREfm) phenotype, have become prevalent among nosocomial infections around the world. High-density intestinal AREfm colonization could be one of the factors contributing to the successful spread of these pathogens. We aimed to quantify the enterococcal intestinal ...
El Sayed Zaki Maysaa - - 2011
Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP) is a potentially lethal complication of cirrhosis. It is probably the most characteristic infectious complication of cirrhosis. The aim of this study was to evaluate the bacterial and fungal causes of SBP in Egyptian population. Furthermore to predict the occurrence of rare pathogen like Listeria monocytogenes ...
Jamil Sajjad - - 2011
Objective: To evaluate the frequency of recurrence of spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP) in patients with end stage liver disease and the factors responsible for it. Study Design: Descriptive study. Place and Duration of Study: The Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, from November 2008 till November 2009. Methodology: Patients with cirrhosis ...
Narula Neeraj N Department of Medicine, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, - - 2011
Patients with cirrhosis who develop spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP) have been reported to experience a high incidence of renal impairment and mortality. Renal dysfunction is possibly related to altered systemic hemodynamics that leads to decreased effective arterial blood volume. Albumin, a plasma volume expander, has been investigated to determine whether ...
Stressmann Franziska A - - 2011
Cystic Fibrosis (CF) lung disease is characterised by an inexorable decline in lung function, punctuated by periods of symptomatic worsening known as pulmonary exacerbations (referred to here as CFPE). Despite their clinical significance, the cause of CFPE remains undetermined. It has been suggested that an increase in bacterial density may ...
Chen Hai-Hong - - 2011
AIMS: To identify the presence of bacterial biofilms on mucosal specimens from chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) patients, and evaluate their relationship with severity of CRS. METHODS: A prospective study of biofilms presence on 24 CRS patients compared with 12 controls was designed. The presence of biofilms was determined by scanning electron ...
Trikudanathan G - - 2011
Acid suppressive therapy, in the form of proton pump inhibitor (PPI), is widely used in cirrhotic patients, often in indications which are not clearly justified. PPI facilitates enteric bacterial colonisation, overgrowth and translocation, which might predispose to spontaneous bacterial peritonitis. However, observational studies evaluating the association of PPI and SBP ...
Dulek Daniel E DE Department of Pediatrics, Division of Pediatric Infectious Diseases, Monroe Carell Jr, Children's Hospital at Vanderbilt, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, TN, - - 2011
In a recently performed case-control study, characteristics of the airway microbiota in suboptimally controlled adult asthmatics were compared with those of healthy, nonasthmatic adult subjects. Bacterial burden was significantly greater in asthmatic subjects. Further, increased airway microbiota variability and diversity were correlated with increased bronchial hyper-responsiveness. Although several limitations are ...
Hirotsu Mikio - - 2011
Abstract Conclusion: We found no significant differences in the bacterial features of the maxillary sinuses between eosinophilic and neutrophilic chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) with nasal polyps. Objectives: Since neutrophilic CRS is often influenced by a predisposition to bacterial infection, and eosinophilic CRS is likely to be developed by allergic antigens, differences ...
Tanna Monique S - - 2011
Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP) is a common complication of cirrhosis and ascites, and is predominantly caused by enteric organisms. Streptococcus bovis is a rare etiology of SBP that was first reported in 1994. Since then, few prior reports of SBP secondary to S. bovis have been observed in patients with ...
Hosseinnezhad Alireza A Department of Medicine, Saint Vincent - - 2011
An 82-year-old man known case of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) presented with fever and weakness. He had never received any treatment for his CLL in the past. On admission he was found to be in mild respiratory distress with bilateral crackles and had markedly elevated white blood count (WBC) (137 ...
Holt Joshua - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To identify early clinical markers of neurologic involvement in mucopolysaccharidosis type II. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective review of neurobehavioral standardized assessments of patients with mucopolysaccharidosis type II evaluated at the Program for Neurodevelopmental Function in Rare Disorders was completed. Patients were grouped based on the presence or absence of ...
Patel Pritesh - - 2011
: Acute pneumonitis with acute lung injury is a cause of significant mortality related to the 2009 pH1N1 influenza A virus. Widespread lung inflammation and increased pulmonary vascular permeability has been noted on autopsy. Also, many of these patients present with significant hemodynamic compromise suggesting systemic cytokine release. Therefore, attenuating ...
Yan Yingbin - - 2011
The purpose of this paper was to investigate the relationship between mouth opening and computerized tomography (CT) features in patients with bony ankylosis of the temporomandibular joint. A series of morphologic parameters-the diameters of bony mass (D1), the width of bony fusion area (D2), the ratio of D2/D1, and the ...
Roozen Hendrik G - - 2011
Patients with substance use disorders are frequently associated with impulsivity that may underlie elevated levels life-threatening types of behavior, including aggression. In addition, craving is a prominent feature of addiction and appears to be closely related to impulsivity. This study assessed the unique contribution of cocaine craving and impulsivity in ...
Kondziolka Douglas - - 2011
: Obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD), in its severe form, can cause tremendous disability for affected patients. : To evaluate the results following bilateral radiosurgical anterior capsulotomy for severe medically refractory OCD. : We performed gamma knife anterior capsulotomy (GKAC) on 3 patients with extreme, medically intractable OCD. According to our ...
Mariz Henrique A - - 2011
To identify features of antinuclear antibody (ANA)-HEp-2 test results that discriminate ANA-positive healthy individuals and patients with autoimmune rheumatic diseases (ARDs). We sequentially retrieved data on 918 healthy individuals and 153 patients with ARDs after clinical assessment. ANA-positive healthy individuals for whom data were available were reevaluated after 3.6-5.0 years. ...
Schreyer Andreas G - - 2011
GvHD is a serious complication in patients after allo-SCT, presenting with unspecific symptoms such as abdominal pain or cramps and diarrhea. Early diagnosis of GvHD, after differentiation from other causes leading to the same symptoms, such as viral or bacterial enteritis, is highly important because the time needed for diagnosing ...
de Paiva Nielce M - - 2011
Ileal pouch-anal anastomosis (IPAA) is the preferred surgical procedure for patients with refractory ulcerative colitis (UC) and familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP). However, pouchitis is the most common complication after IPAA in UC patients and only occurs after ileostomy closure. Therefore, it is important to get more information about the role ...
del Campo Rosa - - 2011
Cystic Fibrosis (CF) is an inherited pleiotropic disease that results from abnormalities in the gene codes of a chloride channel. The lungs of CF patients are chronically infected by several pathogens but bacteraemia have rarely been reported in this pathology. Besides that, circulating monocytes in CF patients exhibit a patent ...
Klein Matthias - - 2011
Intracranial vascular complications are an important complication of acute bacterial meningitis. Ischemic stroke in meningitis is reported as a result of vasculitis, vasospasm, endocarditis or intraarterial thrombosis. The aim of the study was to identify the value of measuring cerebral blood flow velocity (CBFv) on transracranial doppler (TCD) in the ...
Bekinschtein Tristan Andres TA Institute of Cognitive Neurology Buenos Aires, - - 2011
The vegetative state (VS) is characterized by the absence of awareness of self or the environment and preserved autonomic functions. The diagnosis relies critically on the lack of consistent signs of purposeful behavior in response to external stimulation. Yet, given that patients with disorders of consciousness often exhibit fragmented movement ...
Tani Tetsuo - - 2011
This study examined stuttering patterns in five patients with basal ganglia injury. None of the patients had a history of developmental stuttering. Four patients were right-handed; one patient was ambidextrous. Stuttering tests administered to patients assessed sentence repetition, reading aloud, explanations of a comic strip, and conversation. Accessory behaviors such ...
Piacentini S - - 2010
Background:  Dopamine neurotransmission plays a key role in several brain activities, including motor, cognitive, and behavioral functions. Parkinson's disease (PD) typically begins with asymmetrical motor features related to asymmetrical dopamine denervation. This study was designed to examine whether distinct cognitive, behavioral, and personality features are related to this asymmetry. Methods:  ...
Paliwal Vimal Kumar - - 2011
Acute dengue myositis is characterized by fever and myalgia (with or without muscle weakness). The 7 cases of acute dengue myositis were retrospectively evaluated in the present study. Dengue myositis was diagnosed on the basis of a clinical picture consistent with the infection, elevated creatine phosphokinase, normal CSF, positive serum ...
Picton Paul - - 2010
Objectives. Optimizing cerebral oxygenation is of paramount importance in certain intraoperative situations. There is, however, a paucity of published data pertaining to changes in cerebral oxygenation seen with increases in the inspired fraction of oxygen (FIO: (2)) or end-tidal carbon dioxide (PETCO: (2)) in anesthetized patients without vascular disease. Here ...
Tollefsen E - - 2010
Invasive and non-invasive mechanical ventilation are therapeutic options in patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Related to known national ALS incidence figures, the study aims to examine gender aspects versus physiological data in patients with ALS commencing mechanical ventilation. ata from two nationwide registers involving all patients with ALS in ...
El Khoury Marc Y - - 2010
We sought to determine the predictive value of the PaO₂:FiO₂ ratio (PFR), both independently and in combination with the standard Rapid Shallow Breathing Index (RSBI), for successful extubations in patients with primary hypoxemic respiratory failure (HRF). A retrospective chart review of 154 patients with HRF requiring mechanical ventilation for ≥24 ...
Hasibeder Walter R - - 2010
This case series reports the correlation between extravascular lung water (EVLW) and the partial arterial oxygen pressure/fractional inspiratory oxygen (PaO(2)/FiO(2)) ratio in three patients with severe influenza A (H1N1)-induced respiratory failure. All patients suffered from grave hypoxia (PaO(2), 26-42 mmHg) and were mechanically ventilated using biphasic airway pressure (PEEP, 12-15 ...
Piquilloud Lise - - 2011
To determine if, compared with pressure support (PS), neurally adjusted ventilatory assist (NAVA) reduces trigger delay, inspiratory time in excess, and the number of patient-ventilator asynchronies in intubated patients. Prospective interventional study in spontaneously breathing patients intubated for acute respiratory failure. Three consecutive periods of ventilation were applied: (1) PS1, ...
Spyratos Dionisios G - - 2011
This study investigated the respiratory function and mechanics of patients with orthopnea caused by acute left ventricular failure (ALVF). The study comprised 40 patients with ALVF and 15 control subjects. All patients underwent lung function tests and impulse oscillometry in both sitting and supine positions. In a subgroup of 22 ...
Perren Andreas - - 2010
The spontaneous breathing trial (SBT)-relying on objective criteria assessed by the clinician-is the major diagnostic tool to determine if patients can be successfully extubated. However, little is known regarding the patient's subjective perception of autonomous breathing. We performed a prospective observational study in 211 mechanically ventilated adult patients successfully completing ...
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