Search Results
Results 551 - 600 of 1348
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Bouchama A - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the acid-base balance during heatstroke. DESIGN: Retrospective study. SETTING: Heatstroke Center, Makkah, Saudi Arabia. PATIENTS: Hundred nine consecutive heatstroke patients (mean age 55 +/- 12 years) with rectal temperature from 40 to 43.4 degrees C following exposure to hot weather. INTERVENTION: Arterial blood gases collected prospectively and ...
Akingbola O A - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To review the clinical use of noninvasive positive pressure ventilation (NPPV) in both acute hypoxic and hypercarbic forms of pediatric respiratory failure, including its mechanism of action and implementation. DATA SOURCES: Studies were identified through a MEDLINE search using respiratory failure, pediatrics, noninvasive ventilation, and mechanical ventilation as key ...
Hoegerle S - - 2001
AIM: To evaluate the extent to which single measurements of microvascular lung permeability may be relevant as an additional parameter in a heterogenous clinical patient collective with Acute Lung Injury (ALI) and Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS). METHODS: In 36 patients with pneumonia (13), non pneumogenic sepsis (9) or trauma ...
Kanchanapongkul J - - 2001
Between 1989 and 1999, 25 cases of puffer fish poisoning (PFP) were admitted to the medical service of Chon Buri Hospital. The severity of the poisoning was classified into four stages based on clinical signs and symptoms of PFP. Of the 25 patients, 23 were males and 2 were females. ...
Steinhauer S R - - 2001
Persons exposed to organic solvents have psychiatric symptomatology and cognitive impairments. The results of several studies have suggested that some psychiatric symptoms in these patients reflect similar reactions observed in patients with anxiety disorders. Respiratory sinus arrhythmia provides an indication of impaired autonomic functioning. Whereas decreased respiratory sinus arrhythmia has ...
Madan Z M - - 2001
A total of 722 patients recruited from various clinics across Western India, particularly in Western Maharashtra and South Gujarat, recovering from a variety of clinical conditions such as infections of the respiratory tract, malaria, enteric fever, jaundice, surgical procedures and so on were administered a micronutrient appetite normaliser formulation (neogadine) ...
Murtuza B - - 2001
There are a limited number of reports in the literature cocerning lung volume reduction surgery in patients receiving mechanical ventilation. We present a case in which a ventilator-dependent patient with apparent endstage pulmonary emphysema underwent lung volume reduction with a successful outcome. Although the role of this procedure for selected ...
Carlucci A - - 2001
A prospective survey was performed over a period of 3 wk among 42 intensive care units to assess the incidence of use and effectiveness of noninvasive mechanical ventilation (NIV) in clinical practice. All patients requiring ventilatory support for acute respiratory failure (ARF), either with endotracheal intubation (ETI) or NIV, were ...
Puthucheary S D - - 2001
BACKGROUND: In melioidosis caused by Burkholderia pseudomallei, although every organ in the body may be involved, the highest mortality of 73% occurs when the respiratory system is affected. These patients invariably die of acute respiratory failure. Most of them also have underlying predisposing factors like diabetes mellitus. AIM OF STUDY: ...
Mols G - - 2001
When managing patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), respiratory system compliance is usually considered first and changes in resistance, although recognized, are neglected. Resistance can change considerably between minimum and maximum lung volume, but is generally assumed to be constant in the tidal volume range (V(T)). We measured resistance ...
Bauer T T - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) volume on arterial oxygenation in critically ill patients with pneumonia. DESIGN: Randomized clinical comparison. SETTING: Six-bed respiratory intensive care unit of a 850-bed tertiary care university hospital. PATIENTS: Thirty-seven intubated and mechanically ventilated patients with clinical suspicion of pneumonia. INTERVENTIONS: Bronchoscopically ...
Dart A J - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate high-speed treadmill videoendoscopy as a diagnostic technique and document the abnormalities found in Australian horses referred for poor performance associated with abnormal upper respiratory tract noise but where a definitive diagnosis could not be made at rest. DESIGN: A retrospective clinical study using client-owned horses. PROCEDURE: The ...
Highcock M P - - 2001
The performance of four bilevel positive pressure preset ventilators was compared. The ventilators tested were; BiPAP ST30 (Respironics); Nippy2 (B + D Electrical); Quantum PSV (Healthdyne); and Sullivan VPAP H ST (Resmed). A patient simulator was used to determine the sensitivity of the triggering mechanisms and the responses to a ...
Tsutsui T - - 2001
PURPOSE: The power density values of high (HF; 0.15 to 0.4 Hz) and low frequency (LF; 0.04 to 0.15 Hz) components of arterial pressure were adopted for evaluation of stress on the autonomic nervous system of patients supported by mechanical circulatory assist. METHODS: Power spectral analysis (PSA) of arterial pressure ...
Staudinger T - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To compare prone positioning and continuous rotational therapy with respect to oxygenation and hemodynamics in patients suffering from adult respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). DESIGN: Randomized, prospective pilot study. SETTING: Intensive care unit at a university hospital. PATIENTS: Twenty-six mechanically ventilated patients with ARDS from nontraumatic causes. INTERVENTIONS: Twelve patients ...
Mageras G S - - 2001
We report on initial patient studies to evaluate the performance of a commercial respiratory gating radiotherapy system. The system uses a breathing monitor, consisting of a video camera and passive infrared reflective markers placed on the patient's thorax, to synchronize radiation from a linear accelerator with the patient's breathing cycle. ...
Kfoury Baz E M - - 2001
Therapeutic plasma exchange (TPE) is a procedure performed on patients suffering from various disorders, including thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP). As we noted a frequent transient deterioration in respiratory function when the procedure was performed on intensive care unit (ICU) patients, we studied retrospectively the incidence of respiratory deterioration during and ...
Hira H S - - 2000
OBJECTIVES: Till a decade back, the mainstay delivery of mechanical ventilation to patients with acute respiratory failure was through the endotracheal tube. To obviate the various complications of endotracheal intubation, noninvasive mechanical ventilation (NIMV) techniques were devised which could be used outside the confines of an ICU setting, and have ...
Cherng S C - - 2000
BACKGROUND: This study was designed to assess whether the self-made (Institute of Nuclear Energy Research, Taiwan) krypton (Kr)-81m could be used as a ventilation agent to detect patients with suspected pulmonary embolism (PE). In addition, xenon (Xe)-133 ventilation scintigraphy was also performed for comparison. METHODS: Forty patients with suspected PE ...
Masotti L - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Arterial blood gas analysis (BGA) remains a first-step diagnostic approach in patients with suspected pulmonary embolism (PE). The aim of this study was to evaluate BGA parameters in elderly patients with suspected pulmonary embolism for diagnosis and 14-day prognosis. METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort observational study of 6 ...
Tatevossian R G - - 2000
PURPOSE: Traditionally hemodynamic patterns after adult respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) are described after appropriate diagnostic criteria have been met, but studies begun after the diagnosis of ARDS miss the antecedent circulatory influences that may contribute to its development. This study tests the hypothesis that noninvasive monitoring before the appearance of ...
Perilli V - - 2000
Anesthesia adversely affects respiratory function, particularly in morbidly obese patients. Although many studies have been performed to determine the optimal ventilatory settings in these patients, this question has not been answered. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of reverse Trendelenburg position (RTP) on gas exchange and ...
Schulze-Neick I - - 2000
BACKGROUND: While unifocalization techniques have improved the treatment options in patients with pulmonary atresia, ventricular septal defect (PA-VSD), and major aortopulmonary collaterals (MAPCAs), severe airflow limitation contributes to significant early postoperative morbidity and mortality. Although this has been attributed to bronchospasm, characteristically it is refractory to bronchodilators, suggesting that other ...
Kreeftenberg H G HG - - 2000
We performed a retrospective inventory of the condition of transferred patients to our 11-bed medical ICU, aimed firstly to measure the quality of these transports and secondly to identify variables that may predict a high risk of deterioration during transferral. By a search in our hospital database, we identified 112 ...
Fanelli G - - 2000
BACKGROUND: The cuffed oropharyngeal airway (COPA) has been recently introduced into the market, but few is known about its clinical use in Italy. We therefore conducted a prospective, observational investigation to evaluate the use of this new extra-tracheal airway in clinical practice. METHODS: Anesthesiologists participating in the study received a ...
Holzmann D - - 2000
Primary ciliary dyskinesia (PCD) is a clinically heterogeneous disease. In most cases, its clinical manifestation in children is rather unspecific: chronic infectious rhinnosinusitis, recurrent acute infections of the upper and lower airways and chronic otitis media with effusion. Between 1990 and 1998 ten patients were diagnosed as PCD. Nine presented ...
Breiburg A N - - 2000
This article presents an overview of a literature review on how prone positioning can alleviate pathophysiological changes in ARDS and improve ventilation and perfusion. Improvement of gas exchange, efficiency of oxygenation and lung function are emphasized. Literature on the pathophysiology of ARDS, and the physiological effects of prone positioning on ...
Christenson J - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To develop a clinical prediction rule to identify patients who can be safely discharged one hour after the administration of naloxone for presumed opioid overdose. METHODS: Patients who received naloxone for known or presumed opioid overdose were formally evaluated one hour later for multiple potential predictor variables. Patients were ...
Putinati S - - 2000
There is now sufficient evidence that non-invasive positive pressure ventilation (NIPPV) in selected patients with severe hypercapnic acute respiratory failure due to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is more effective than pharmacological therapy alone. The aim of this study was to identify prognostic factors to predict the success of this ...
Weigand M A - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether inhaled nitric oxide (NO) enhances pulmonary lipid peroxidation as indicated by arterial blood levels of malondialdehyde, hexanal, and pentanal in patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). DESIGN: Prospective, nonrandomized, controlled trial. SETTING: Surgical intensive care unit in a university hospital. PATIENTS: Twenty-five patients with ARDS, ...
Sharon A - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To determine the feasibility, safety and efficacy of bilevel positive airway ventilation (BiPAP) in the treatment of severe pulmonary edema compared to high dose nitrate therapy. BACKGROUND: Although noninvasive ventilation is increasingly used in the treatment of pulmonary edema, its efficacy has not been compared prospectively with newer treatment ...
Estenne M - - 2000
Obliterative bronchiolitis (OB) is the first cause of death of long-term survivors of lung transplantation. The diagnosis is based on pathology and/or on an irreversible decrease in forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV(1)) below 80% of the best postoperative value. We tested whether indexes of ventilation distribution may provide ...
Vallverdú I - - 2000
Most patients who are recovering from respiratory failure are successfully liberated from mechanical ventilation easily and soon after the causative disorders are corrected. Roughly one third of patients, however, are not successful on initial attempts at liberation. Clinicians should define and treat the causes of respiratory failure and use validated ...
Holc I - - 2000
Wegener's granulomatosis is a systemic vasculitis characterized by necrotizing granulomatous lesions in the upper and lower respiratory tracts, glomerulonephritis and vasculitis involving other organs. Limited forms have been described in which some features of the disease may be absent. Four patients with this disease are being reported with special emphasis ...
Yen D H - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: Spectral analysis of systemic arterial pressure (BP) and heart rate (HR) signals may be an alternative prognostic tool for predicting patient outcome in the intensive care unit (ICU). We evaluated the applicability of the same analysis in the emergency department for predicting mortality in patients with acute respiratory failure ...
Selva-O'Callaghan A - - 2000
Polymyositis and dermatomyositis are idiopathic inflammatory myopathies. Respiratory complications are a common feature, but ventilatory insufficiency is rare in these patients. We describe here three patients diagnosed with inflammatory myopathy (polymyositis) with respiratory failure due to muscle weakness who did not respond to immunosuppressive therapy. Mechanical ventilation at home with ...
Chan P W - - 2000
Twenty-two (42 per cent) out of 52 patients admitted with severe bronchiolitis to our Paediatric Intensive Care Unit required ventilation. Risk factors associated with ventilation included a younger mean age, female sex, low birthweight, failure to thrive and the presence of an underlying illness. Ventilated patients were also more likely ...
Calabrese P - - 2000
We recorded by pneumotachography the breathing in nine patients with myotonic dystrophy (MD), both seated and supine and with eyes open in both positions. Irregular breathing (coefficient of variation >20% for VT and TTOT) was observed in six of the patients, two of whom showed irregularity in both positions whilst ...
Berrouschot J - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: Whether stroke patients should be ventilated mechanically is still a contentious issue, because their outcome is very poor. We wanted to investigate how often mechanical ventilation is indicated in patients with hemispheric ischemic stroke as well as the outcome of these patients and the factors by which outcome is ...
Rouby J J - - 2000
OBJECTIVES: (a) To assess whether differences in lung morphology observed in patients with adult respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) are associated with differences in cardiorespiratory parameters, lung mechanics, and outcome. (b) To propose a new ARDS Severity Score to identify patients with a high mortality risk. DESIGN: Prospective study over a ...
Townsend P - - 2000
The passage of oxygen from the atmosphere to the mitochondria is a complex process. Pathological conditions may affect this transfer at any step. The patient on the intensive care unit is particularly likely to be affected by disease or iatrogenic intervention. Hypoxia may be caused by an abnormal supply of ...
Robson A G - - 2000
To identify patients with respiratory disease, who may be at risk of developing respiratory distress during commercial air travel, a hypoxia inhalation test (HIT) can be performed. This paper reports our experience of using such a test combined with an interpretation algorithm in a routine respiratory function laboratory. Twenty-eight patients ...
Schellinger P D - - 2000
Central European encephalitis (CEE) may be accompanied by myeloradiculitic symptoms in up to 5% of patients. The authors report six patients with a myelitic form of CEE mimicking acute poliomyelitis with bulbar and arm predominance and a poor prognosis. Three patients died. Of the survivors, only one can perform most ...
Tsao C Y - - 2000
Patients with mitochondrial respiratory-chain defects frequently exhibit lactic acidosis, ragged red fibers in skeletal muscle samples, and abnormal enzyme assays for the respiratory-chain complex. However, ragged red fibers and lactic acidosis are not always seen in all patients with mitochondrial respiratory-chain defects. We have encountered six children with biochemically proven ...
Kliewer M A - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this prospective study was to examine the effects of patient position and respiratory state on the measurements of Doppler velocities in transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunts. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Thirty-eight transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunts in 34 consecutive patients were studied using Doppler sonography. Peak velocities were measured ...
Stern J B - - 2000
OBJECTIVES: To determine bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid concentrations of keratinocyte growth factor (KGF) and hepatocyte growth factor (HGF), two potent growth factors for alveolar type II epithelial cells, in patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). DESIGN: Prospective study. SETTING: An adult trauma/surgical intensive care unit in an urban teaching ...
Price T - - 2000
This study reviewed neurological assessment and therapeutic intervention records of adult, intubated, sedated and ventilated patients who had sustained a severe cerebral insult. The purpose of the study was to determine whether the Glasgow Coma Scale detected neurological change in the ventilated, sedated patient. In addition the study aimed to ...
Gruson D - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the impact of fiberoptic bronchoscopy and bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) on guiding the treatment and intensive care unit (ICU) clinical outcome in neutropenic patients with pulmonary infiltrates admitted to the ICU. DESIGN: Prospective collection of data. SETTING: Medical ICU in a teaching hospital. PATIENTS: During a 6-yr period, ...
Cereda M - - 2000
OBJECTIVES: To assess the success rate of pressure support ventilation (PSV) in acute lung injury patients undergoing continuous positive pressure ventilation (CPPV), to study physiologic changes after the transition from CPPV to PSV, and to investigate differences between patients who succeed and patients who fail PSV according to predetermined criteria. ...
Esteban A - - 2000
A 1-d point-prevalence study was performed with the aim of describing the characteristics of conventional mechanical ventilation in intensive care units ICUs from North America, South America, Spain, and Portugal. The study involved 412 medical-surgical ICUs and 1,638 patients receiving mechanical ventilation at the moment of the study. The main ...
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