Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 1857
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Ranzolin Aline - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To study the association of the presence of fibromyalgia (FM) with the Disease Activity Score in 28 joints (DAS28), the Health Assessment Questionnaire (HAQ), and the Medical Outcomes Study Short Form 36 (SF-36) health survey in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: A total of 270 outpatients with RA ...
Wang Frank - - 2009
The cytochrome P450 (CYP) enzyme CYP26 (retinoic acid [RA] 4-hydroxylase) initiates the catabolism of all-trans RA (tRA) and limits the effects of tRA. The CYP26 enzyme acts specifically on tRA, but not 13-cis RA (isotretinoin), a retinoid used to treat severe acne. However, 13-cis RA can isomerize to tRA, which ...
Puchner Rudolf - - 2009
The aim of this study was to investigate whether the personalities of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) differ from those of non-rheumatologic patients. For the purpose of this study, the authors designed a psychological questionnaire, compiling relevant questions and impressions of several psychological questionnaires. A total of 226 patients (113 RA patients ...
Rojas-Serrano Jorge - - 2009
The objective of this study is to identify baseline factors associated with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) diagnosis at the end of 1-year follow-up in a cohort of patients with very recent onset arthritis. Incident cases with self-reported arthritis (<or=12 weeks) referred by primary care physicians were assessed by a designated rheumatologist ...
Sakai Yukinao - - 2009
Infliximab (INF), a tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) inhibitor, is an effective drug for patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). However, some patients receive no clinical benefit, or the agents gradually lose their effect. Five sessions of high-throughput leukocytapheresis (LCAP) were given at a frequency of once a week using a Cellsorba ...
Schmid L - - 2009
Aseptic pachymeningitis is a rare and serious complication of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Herein, we describe a patient with rheumatoid factor-positive and anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide-positive RA who experienced a focal seizure, with aphasia and convulsions of the right side of the body. The findings of magnetic resonance imaging and histologic analysis ...
Keystone Edward C - - 2009
The clinical progression of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and longterm response to therapy is generally assessed by quantifying changes in joint space narrowing and erosions visible on serial plain radiographs. In patients treated with classic disease modifying antirheumatic drugs, the joint damage seen on radiographic images is usually directly associated with ...
Oda Takenori - - 2009
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate diagnostic validity of space available for the spinal cord (SAC) at C1 level for myelopathy in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: The relationship of SAC at C1 level with myelopathy has been evaluated by relatively small number of ...
van der Linden Michael P M - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Joint destruction in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) was until recently seen as an irreversible state. Lately, it was found that repair of bone erosions occurs; however, little is known about its prevalence. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the frequency of repair and patients' characteristics associated with repair in an inception cohort. PATIENTS ...
Sato Hiroe - - 2009
Severe diarrhea improved dramatically with administration of the humanized anti-interleukin-6 receptor antibody tocilizumab (TCZ) in a patient with secondary reactive amyloidosis, which was associated with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). A 53-year-old woman with RA went into hypovolemic shock because of severe watery diarrhea associated with gastrointestinal amyloidosis. The high-dose prednisolone therapy ...
Kastbom Alf - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: CARD8 and NLRP3 are constituents of the inflammasome which regulates interleukin 1beta production. The influence of polymorphisms in CARD8 and NLRP3 on rheumatoid arthritis (RA) susceptibility and severity were evaluated. METHODS: CARD8 p.C10X and NLRP3 p.Q705K genotypes were assessed in >500 controls and patients with early RA from northern ...
Richardot P - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: Nitric oxide (NO) is a major mediator of joint tissue inflammation and damage in osteoarthritis (OA) and mediates the nitration of tyrosine (Y*) residues in proteins. We investigated the nitration of type III collagen, a major constituent of synovial membrane, in knee OA. METHODS: A polyclonal antibody directed against ...
Liu Dandan - - 2009
Besides cytopenia, dysplasia is crucial characteristic of MDS-RA. To summarize the morphological features that contribute to the diagnosis of MDS-RA, 48 RA patients with abnormal karyotype were analyzed for the features of morphological and cytogenetical abnormalities and the relationships between them. 46 MDS-RA patients with normal karyotype and 207 patients ...
Khan Imran H - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Multiplex analysis allows measurements of a large number of analytes simultaneously in each sample. On the basis of the Luminex multiplex technology (xMAP), kits for measuring multiple cytokines and chemokines (immunomodulators) are commercially available and are useful in investigations on inflammatory diseases. This study evaluated four multiplex kits (Bio-Plex, ...
Owino B O - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To determine the socio-demographic profiles and some clinical aspects of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). DESIGN: Prospective, cross-sectional study. SETTING: Ambulatory out- patient clinics of Kenyatta National Hospital (KNH), a public national and referral hospital. SUBJECTS: Out of 180 patients interviewed and examined, 60 met American College of Rheumatology ...
Jin T - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Imbalance of haemostasis in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) contributes to future risk of cardiovascular diseases (CVD). Prothrombotic molecules, e.g. fibrinogen, D-dimer, and tPA are elevated in plasma of RA patients, being associated to CVD. There is no imformation about the influence of biological drugs, e.g. anti-CD20 and tumor ...
Taraborelli M - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: MTHFR is an enzyme involved in the folate pathway. It has been suggested that common polymorphisms in its gene (C677T and A1298C) could be related to different methotrexate (MTX) response and toxicity in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients. Agreement has not been found yet and there is no data on ...
Al-Ghamdi Aisha - - 2009
The frequency of extra-articular manifestations in rheumatoid arthritis (ExRA) differs from one country to another, so we investigated ExRA frequency in a well-defined hospital patient population with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in Saudi Arabia. We also examined possible predictors of the development ExRA. A retrospective analysis was conducted of all patients ...
Greenberg Jeffrey D - - 2009
To evaluate composite measures of response without acute-phase reactants in RA patients. Specifically, Clinical Disease Activity Index (CDAI)-derived response criteria were compared with the European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR) response criteria, and the modified ACR (mACR) response criteria were compared to the ACR response criteria. Data from 10 108 RA ...
Odai Tsuyoshi - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To examine the relation between serum chemokine levels and patient responsiveness to infliximab, and the influence of infliximab administration on serum chemokine levels. METHODS: Serum levels of the chemokines CX3CL1, CXCL8, CCL3, and CXCL10 were quantified prior to (at baseline) and after 30 weeks of treatment with infliximab in ...
Ito Hiromu - - 2009
The most common cervical abnormality associated with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is atlantoaxial subluxation, and atlantoaxial transarticular screw fixation has proved to be one of the most reliable, stable fixation techniques for treating atlantoaxial subluxation. Following C1-C2 fixation, however, subaxial subluxation reportedly can bring about neurological deterioration and require secondary operative ...
Metsios Giorgos S - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) are characterized by reduced physical activity and increased morbidity and mortality from cardiovascular disease (CVD). The aim of this study was to investigate associations between levels of physical activity and CVD risk profile in RA patients. METHODS: Levels of physical activity were assessed in ...
Younes Mohamed - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: Secondary amyloidosis is a serious complication of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Symptoms are late to occur, so that screening is in order, most notably in patients with long-standing RA. The objectives of our study were to determine the prevalence of subclinical amyloidosis in RA patients by abdominal fat aspiration biopsy ...
Ortega-Hernandez Oscar-Danilo - - 2009
The objective of this study was to examine the clinical and genetic variables associated with extra-articular rheumatoid arthritis (ExRA). This was a cross-sectional study in which 538 Northwestern Colombian patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) were included. Information about demographics and clinical characteristics including disease activity, inflammatory markers, co-morbidities, cardiovascular (CV) ...
Finckh Axel - - 2009
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) has started to be perceived as a potentially curable condition with early, aggressive use of disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs. We review the pathophysiological concepts of RA development, the technological advances used to estimate the individual risk of progression to RA, and the impact of antirheumatic ...
Fouladi Salomeh - - 2009
BACKGROUND: HLA-B*27 is strongly associated with ankylosing spondylitis (AS). It represents a family of alleles that differ among ethnic groups. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the distribution of HLA-B*27 alleles in AS patients and healthy controls in Isfahan (Iran). METHODS: Sixty AS patients and 430 healthy ...
Yang Ming-hui - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To determine the levels of CC chemokine ligand 5 (CCL5) in serum and synovial fluid (SF) from patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and their relations with disease activity and medication. METHODS: CCL5 in serum and SF was quantified by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) in 28 RA patients and 21 ...
Gizinski Alison M AM Division of Rheumatology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, - - 2009
The purpose of this study was to identify rheumatoid arthritis (RA)-related autoantibodies in subjects with interstitial lung disease (ILD) and no articular findings of RA, supporting the hypothesis that RA-related autoimmunity may be generated in non-articular sites, such as the lung. This was a retrospective chart review utilizing clinic databases ...
Rosenau Barbara J - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To detect autoantibodies to tumor necrosis factor (TNF) in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), and to determine their clinical correlates. METHODS: Ninety-two patients with RA and 62 with SLE were studied. Sera were examined for autoantibodies to TNF by enzyme linked immunoassay. Levels of ...
Raftery Graham - - 2009
Both fibromyalgia and rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients self-report similar disability. These diseases are viewed differently by the medical profession as one has ample evidence of tissue damage and inflammation and the other does not. We were interested to see if an objective measure produced similar results. Twelve patients with RA ...
Murakami Shuji - - 2009
Infection with Mycobacterium tuberculosis (M. tuberculosis) is a critical complication in anti-TNF therapies. In 141 BCG vaccinated healthy individuals and 71 rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients as screening before anti-TNF therapies, M. tuberculosis specific immune responses were evaluated by tuberculin skin test (TST) and enzyme-linked immunospot assay (ELISPOT), which detected antigen ...
Takasaki Akihisa - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether thin endometria can be improved by increasing uterine radial artery (uRA) blood flow. DESIGN: A prospective observational study. SETTING: University hospital and city general hospital. PATIENT(S): Sixty-one patients with a thin endometrium (endometrial thickness [EM] <8 mm) and high radial artery-resistance index of uRA (RA-RI >or=0.81). ...
Melis Lode - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: Th17 cells are an effector T-cell population that plays a role in chronic inflammatory conditions and is dependent on IL-23 for their survival and expansion. More recently, a genetic association was discovered between polymorphisms in the gene coding for the IL-23 receptor and spondyloarthritis. This study aimed to evaluate ...
Iikuni Noriko - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To compare the sex differences of various components of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: Data of 4823 patients from a large observational cohort study were analyzed. Remarkable differences were noted between the sexes, and overall, women had significantly higher disease activity. RESULTS: When variables were adjusted using sex, age, and ...
Avnon Lone S - - 2009
BACKGROUND: A high incidence of abnormal pulmonary function tests has been reported in cross-sectional studies among patients with rheumatoid arthritis. Few patients have been enrolled in longitudinal studies. OBJECTIVES: To perform PFT in rheumatoid arthritic patients without pulmonary involvement and to identify variables related to changes in PFT over 5 ...
Suda Takafumi - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Acute exacerbation (AE) is currently established as a distinct condition with acute deterioration of respiratory status in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF). Recently, several studies have reported that AE also occurred in interstitial pneumonias other than IPF, such as collagen vascular disease-associated interstitial pneumonia (CVD-IP). However, the incidence of AE ...
Pamuk Omer Nuri - - 2009
The objective was to determine the relationship between symptoms of fibromyalgia (FM) and early menopause and hysterectomy. We included 115 postmenopausal patients with FM (mean age 54.6 +/- 7.6) and 67 rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients (mean age 55.5 +/- 9) into our study. All patients were questioned about the severity ...
Devouassoux G - - 2009
The characteristics of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) who develop obliterative bronchiolitis characterised by severe airflow obstruction have been hitherto poorly investigated. A retrospective study of 25 patients with RA and functional evidence of obliterative bronchiolitis (forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV(1))/forced vital capacity (FVC) <50% and/or residual volume ...
Alivernini Stefano - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs) play a crucial role in the treatment of persistent chronic synovitis, such as active rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and spondyloarthritis, by inducing or maintaining disease remission, reducing the frequency of flares or relapses, and allowing corticosteroids to be tapered while maintaining disease control. OBJECTIVE: The aim ...
Osiri Manathip - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: The Health Assessment Questionnaire Disability Index (HAQ-DI) is a commonly used instrument to assess functional status of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Translations and adaptations of the HAQ-DI have been carried out for use with RA patients in several countries. The objective of this study was to evaluate the ...
Nishino Jinju - - 2009
The purpose of this study was to describe the prevalence of total joint arthroplasty (TJA) in Japanese rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients undergoing conventional drug treatment in a large observational cohort in Japan. A total of 5,177 RA patients were studied for the prevalence of TJA, who were enrolled in the ...
Kasama Tsuyoshi - - 2009
The aim was to determine the efficacy of low-dose intermittent pulse administration of mizoribine (MZR), a purine synthesis inhibitor, in combination with methotrexate (MTX) to control the symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in patients with an insufficient clinical response to MTX alone. Twenty-seven patients with active RA, despite treatment with ...
Hannawi Suad - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: Patients with recent-onset rheumatoid arthritis (RA) have impaired brachial artery endothelial function compared with controls matched for age, sex and cardiovascular risk factors. The present study examined endothelium-dependent (flow-mediated dilatation (FMD)) and independent (glyceryl trinitrate (GTN)-mediated dilatation (GMD)) structural responses in early RA patients, and determined progress over one ...
Nagasawa Yoshiya - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is associated with numerous pulmonary manifestations. However, the inflammatory mechanism remains undetermined. We studied the features of inflammatory cells in bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid and biopsy lung tissue from patients with RA-associated lung disease. METHODS: BAL findings were statistically compared between diseases. We divided RA patients ...
Romic Zeljko - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) and on hemodialysis (HD) are at increased risk for developing rheumatoid arthritis (RA), as a result of defective immunity. Our aim was to examine if ESRD and the length of HD treatment impact the clinical utility of antibodies to cyclic citrullinated peptides (anti-CCP) ...
Turesson Carl - - 2009
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To examine the occurrence and pathophysiology of vasculitis in rheumatoid arthritis (RA), describe the epidemiology and clinical features, and provide a therapeutic perspective. RECENT FINDINGS: With improved control of RA over the past two decades, the risk of severe outcomes such as vasculitis may be decreasing. Rheumatoid ...
Przygodzka Ma?gorzata - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: Thyroid abnormal function and and/or autoimmune thyroid disease (ATD) are observed in 6% to 33.8% patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to determine whether ATD is more prevalent in patients with RA compared to the control group involving age and sex-matched subjects without ...
Fukae Jun - - 2009
Power Doppler ultrasonography (PD-US) has proved to be a useful technique to measure synovial vascularity due to its capability to provide data that can be used to evaluate the level of joint inflammation and assess rheumatoid arthritis (RA). We have developed a novel PD-US finger joint scoring method that introduces ...
Sredzi?ska Krystyna - - 2009
The mechanisms underlying cartilage matrix degradation in joint diseases is not fully understood but reactive oxygen species are implicated as main causative factors. Comparative studies of glutathione reductase (GR) activity in synovial fluid from patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), reactive arthritis (ReA) and osteoarthritis (OA) as well as correlations between ...
Nanke Yuki - - 2009
Bucillamine (Bc) is a cysteine derivative with two SH groups, and a homolog of D-penicillamine, a disease-modifying antirheumatic drug (DMARD) widely used in Japan. However, it remains unclear whether Bc repairs bone erosion in patients with RA. Here, we treated three RA patients with Bc who subsequently showed radiographic repair ...
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