Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 1848
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Sato Hiroe - - 2009
Severe diarrhea improved dramatically with administration of the humanized anti-interleukin-6 receptor antibody tocilizumab (TCZ) in a patient with secondary reactive amyloidosis, which was associated with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). A 53-year-old woman with RA went into hypovolemic shock because of severe watery diarrhea associated with gastrointestinal amyloidosis. The high-dose prednisolone therapy ...
Kastbom Alf - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: CARD8 and NLRP3 are constituents of the inflammasome which regulates interleukin 1beta production. The influence of polymorphisms in CARD8 and NLRP3 on rheumatoid arthritis (RA) susceptibility and severity were evaluated. METHODS: CARD8 p.C10X and NLRP3 p.Q705K genotypes were assessed in >500 controls and patients with early RA from northern ...
Richardot P - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: Nitric oxide (NO) is a major mediator of joint tissue inflammation and damage in osteoarthritis (OA) and mediates the nitration of tyrosine (Y*) residues in proteins. We investigated the nitration of type III collagen, a major constituent of synovial membrane, in knee OA. METHODS: A polyclonal antibody directed against ...
Liu Dandan - - 2009
Besides cytopenia, dysplasia is crucial characteristic of MDS-RA. To summarize the morphological features that contribute to the diagnosis of MDS-RA, 48 RA patients with abnormal karyotype were analyzed for the features of morphological and cytogenetical abnormalities and the relationships between them. 46 MDS-RA patients with normal karyotype and 207 patients ...
Khan Imran H - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Multiplex analysis allows measurements of a large number of analytes simultaneously in each sample. On the basis of the Luminex multiplex technology (xMAP), kits for measuring multiple cytokines and chemokines (immunomodulators) are commercially available and are useful in investigations on inflammatory diseases. This study evaluated four multiplex kits (Bio-Plex, ...
Owino B O - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To determine the socio-demographic profiles and some clinical aspects of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). DESIGN: Prospective, cross-sectional study. SETTING: Ambulatory out- patient clinics of Kenyatta National Hospital (KNH), a public national and referral hospital. SUBJECTS: Out of 180 patients interviewed and examined, 60 met American College of Rheumatology ...
Jin T - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Imbalance of haemostasis in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) contributes to future risk of cardiovascular diseases (CVD). Prothrombotic molecules, e.g. fibrinogen, D-dimer, and tPA are elevated in plasma of RA patients, being associated to CVD. There is no imformation about the influence of biological drugs, e.g. anti-CD20 and tumor ...
Taraborelli M - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: MTHFR is an enzyme involved in the folate pathway. It has been suggested that common polymorphisms in its gene (C677T and A1298C) could be related to different methotrexate (MTX) response and toxicity in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients. Agreement has not been found yet and there is no data on ...
Al-Ghamdi Aisha - - 2009
The frequency of extra-articular manifestations in rheumatoid arthritis (ExRA) differs from one country to another, so we investigated ExRA frequency in a well-defined hospital patient population with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in Saudi Arabia. We also examined possible predictors of the development ExRA. A retrospective analysis was conducted of all patients ...
Greenberg Jeffrey D - - 2009
To evaluate composite measures of response without acute-phase reactants in RA patients. Specifically, Clinical Disease Activity Index (CDAI)-derived response criteria were compared with the European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR) response criteria, and the modified ACR (mACR) response criteria were compared to the ACR response criteria. Data from 10 108 RA ...
Odai Tsuyoshi - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To examine the relation between serum chemokine levels and patient responsiveness to infliximab, and the influence of infliximab administration on serum chemokine levels. METHODS: Serum levels of the chemokines CX3CL1, CXCL8, CCL3, and CXCL10 were quantified prior to (at baseline) and after 30 weeks of treatment with infliximab in ...
Ito Hiromu - - 2009
The most common cervical abnormality associated with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is atlantoaxial subluxation, and atlantoaxial transarticular screw fixation has proved to be one of the most reliable, stable fixation techniques for treating atlantoaxial subluxation. Following C1-C2 fixation, however, subaxial subluxation reportedly can bring about neurological deterioration and require secondary operative ...
Metsios Giorgos S - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) are characterized by reduced physical activity and increased morbidity and mortality from cardiovascular disease (CVD). The aim of this study was to investigate associations between levels of physical activity and CVD risk profile in RA patients. METHODS: Levels of physical activity were assessed in ...
Younes Mohamed - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: Secondary amyloidosis is a serious complication of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Symptoms are late to occur, so that screening is in order, most notably in patients with long-standing RA. The objectives of our study were to determine the prevalence of subclinical amyloidosis in RA patients by abdominal fat aspiration biopsy ...
Ortega-Hernandez Oscar-Danilo - - 2009
The objective of this study was to examine the clinical and genetic variables associated with extra-articular rheumatoid arthritis (ExRA). This was a cross-sectional study in which 538 Northwestern Colombian patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) were included. Information about demographics and clinical characteristics including disease activity, inflammatory markers, co-morbidities, cardiovascular (CV) ...
Finckh Axel - - 2009
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) has started to be perceived as a potentially curable condition with early, aggressive use of disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs. We review the pathophysiological concepts of RA development, the technological advances used to estimate the individual risk of progression to RA, and the impact of antirheumatic ...
Fouladi Salomeh - - 2009
BACKGROUND: HLA-B*27 is strongly associated with ankylosing spondylitis (AS). It represents a family of alleles that differ among ethnic groups. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the distribution of HLA-B*27 alleles in AS patients and healthy controls in Isfahan (Iran). METHODS: Sixty AS patients and 430 healthy ...
Yang Ming-hui - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To determine the levels of CC chemokine ligand 5 (CCL5) in serum and synovial fluid (SF) from patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and their relations with disease activity and medication. METHODS: CCL5 in serum and SF was quantified by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) in 28 RA patients and 21 ...
Gizinski Alison M AM Division of Rheumatology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, - - 2009
The purpose of this study was to identify rheumatoid arthritis (RA)-related autoantibodies in subjects with interstitial lung disease (ILD) and no articular findings of RA, supporting the hypothesis that RA-related autoimmunity may be generated in non-articular sites, such as the lung. This was a retrospective chart review utilizing clinic databases ...
Rosenau Barbara J - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To detect autoantibodies to tumor necrosis factor (TNF) in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), and to determine their clinical correlates. METHODS: Ninety-two patients with RA and 62 with SLE were studied. Sera were examined for autoantibodies to TNF by enzyme linked immunoassay. Levels of ...
Raftery Graham - - 2009
Both fibromyalgia and rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients self-report similar disability. These diseases are viewed differently by the medical profession as one has ample evidence of tissue damage and inflammation and the other does not. We were interested to see if an objective measure produced similar results. Twelve patients with RA ...
Murakami Shuji - - 2009
Infection with Mycobacterium tuberculosis (M. tuberculosis) is a critical complication in anti-TNF therapies. In 141 BCG vaccinated healthy individuals and 71 rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients as screening before anti-TNF therapies, M. tuberculosis specific immune responses were evaluated by tuberculin skin test (TST) and enzyme-linked immunospot assay (ELISPOT), which detected antigen ...
Takasaki Akihisa - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether thin endometria can be improved by increasing uterine radial artery (uRA) blood flow. DESIGN: A prospective observational study. SETTING: University hospital and city general hospital. PATIENT(S): Sixty-one patients with a thin endometrium (endometrial thickness [EM] <8 mm) and high radial artery-resistance index of uRA (RA-RI >or=0.81). ...
Melis Lode - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: Th17 cells are an effector T-cell population that plays a role in chronic inflammatory conditions and is dependent on IL-23 for their survival and expansion. More recently, a genetic association was discovered between polymorphisms in the gene coding for the IL-23 receptor and spondyloarthritis. This study aimed to evaluate ...
Iikuni Noriko - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To compare the sex differences of various components of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: Data of 4823 patients from a large observational cohort study were analyzed. Remarkable differences were noted between the sexes, and overall, women had significantly higher disease activity. RESULTS: When variables were adjusted using sex, age, and ...
Avnon Lone S - - 2009
BACKGROUND: A high incidence of abnormal pulmonary function tests has been reported in cross-sectional studies among patients with rheumatoid arthritis. Few patients have been enrolled in longitudinal studies. OBJECTIVES: To perform PFT in rheumatoid arthritic patients without pulmonary involvement and to identify variables related to changes in PFT over 5 ...
Suda Takafumi - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Acute exacerbation (AE) is currently established as a distinct condition with acute deterioration of respiratory status in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF). Recently, several studies have reported that AE also occurred in interstitial pneumonias other than IPF, such as collagen vascular disease-associated interstitial pneumonia (CVD-IP). However, the incidence of AE ...
Pamuk Omer Nuri - - 2009
The objective was to determine the relationship between symptoms of fibromyalgia (FM) and early menopause and hysterectomy. We included 115 postmenopausal patients with FM (mean age 54.6 +/- 7.6) and 67 rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients (mean age 55.5 +/- 9) into our study. All patients were questioned about the severity ...
Devouassoux G - - 2009
The characteristics of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) who develop obliterative bronchiolitis characterised by severe airflow obstruction have been hitherto poorly investigated. A retrospective study of 25 patients with RA and functional evidence of obliterative bronchiolitis (forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV(1))/forced vital capacity (FVC) <50% and/or residual volume ...
Alivernini Stefano - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs) play a crucial role in the treatment of persistent chronic synovitis, such as active rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and spondyloarthritis, by inducing or maintaining disease remission, reducing the frequency of flares or relapses, and allowing corticosteroids to be tapered while maintaining disease control. OBJECTIVE: The aim ...
Osiri Manathip - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: The Health Assessment Questionnaire Disability Index (HAQ-DI) is a commonly used instrument to assess functional status of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Translations and adaptations of the HAQ-DI have been carried out for use with RA patients in several countries. The objective of this study was to evaluate the ...
Nishino Jinju - - 2009
The purpose of this study was to describe the prevalence of total joint arthroplasty (TJA) in Japanese rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients undergoing conventional drug treatment in a large observational cohort in Japan. A total of 5,177 RA patients were studied for the prevalence of TJA, who were enrolled in the ...
Kasama Tsuyoshi - - 2009
The aim was to determine the efficacy of low-dose intermittent pulse administration of mizoribine (MZR), a purine synthesis inhibitor, in combination with methotrexate (MTX) to control the symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in patients with an insufficient clinical response to MTX alone. Twenty-seven patients with active RA, despite treatment with ...
Hannawi Suad - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: Patients with recent-onset rheumatoid arthritis (RA) have impaired brachial artery endothelial function compared with controls matched for age, sex and cardiovascular risk factors. The present study examined endothelium-dependent (flow-mediated dilatation (FMD)) and independent (glyceryl trinitrate (GTN)-mediated dilatation (GMD)) structural responses in early RA patients, and determined progress over one ...
Nagasawa Yoshiya - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is associated with numerous pulmonary manifestations. However, the inflammatory mechanism remains undetermined. We studied the features of inflammatory cells in bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid and biopsy lung tissue from patients with RA-associated lung disease. METHODS: BAL findings were statistically compared between diseases. We divided RA patients ...
Romic Zeljko - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) and on hemodialysis (HD) are at increased risk for developing rheumatoid arthritis (RA), as a result of defective immunity. Our aim was to examine if ESRD and the length of HD treatment impact the clinical utility of antibodies to cyclic citrullinated peptides (anti-CCP) ...
Turesson Carl - - 2009
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To examine the occurrence and pathophysiology of vasculitis in rheumatoid arthritis (RA), describe the epidemiology and clinical features, and provide a therapeutic perspective. RECENT FINDINGS: With improved control of RA over the past two decades, the risk of severe outcomes such as vasculitis may be decreasing. Rheumatoid ...
Przygodzka Ma?gorzata - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: Thyroid abnormal function and and/or autoimmune thyroid disease (ATD) are observed in 6% to 33.8% patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to determine whether ATD is more prevalent in patients with RA compared to the control group involving age and sex-matched subjects without ...
Fukae Jun - - 2009
Power Doppler ultrasonography (PD-US) has proved to be a useful technique to measure synovial vascularity due to its capability to provide data that can be used to evaluate the level of joint inflammation and assess rheumatoid arthritis (RA). We have developed a novel PD-US finger joint scoring method that introduces ...
Sredzi?ska Krystyna - - 2009
The mechanisms underlying cartilage matrix degradation in joint diseases is not fully understood but reactive oxygen species are implicated as main causative factors. Comparative studies of glutathione reductase (GR) activity in synovial fluid from patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), reactive arthritis (ReA) and osteoarthritis (OA) as well as correlations between ...
Nanke Yuki - - 2009
Bucillamine (Bc) is a cysteine derivative with two SH groups, and a homolog of D-penicillamine, a disease-modifying antirheumatic drug (DMARD) widely used in Japan. However, it remains unclear whether Bc repairs bone erosion in patients with RA. Here, we treated three RA patients with Bc who subsequently showed radiographic repair ...
Gottenberg Jacques-Eric - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: Little is known about systemic B-cell activation in early rheumatoid arthritis (RA). We therefore evaluated the serum levels of markers of B-cell activation in patients included in the ESPOIR early arthritis cohort. METHODS: In the ESPOIR early arthritis cohort (at least 2 swollen joints for more than 6 weeks ...
Pemberton Philip W - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Women with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) have increased morbidity and mortality due to coronary heart disease. Chronic systemic inflammation is known to accelerate atherosclerosis and increase arterial stiffness in patients, but other mechanisms may also be involved. Biomarkers of oxidant stress, inflammation, insulinaemia and endothelial dysfunction were measured in blood ...
Valle Y - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To measure levels of soluble tumour necrosis factor alpha (TNFalpha) receptor type I (sTNFRI) and type II (sTNFRII) in order to correlate them with C-reactive protein (CRP), rheumatoid factor (RF), erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), and disease activity score (DAS28) in RA patients. METHODS: We recruited 41 RA patients classified ...
Beckhauser Ana Paula - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Although pericarditis is the most commonly recognized cardiac lesion in Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA), this disease affects all the three cardiac layers. OBJECTIVE: To study valvular lesions in RA, trying to correlate them with other clinical variables, auto antibodies and functional class. METHODS: One hundred twenty two controls and 184 ...
Sanmartí Raimon - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: Evidence suggests that citrullinated fibrin(ogen) may be a potential in vivo target of anticitrullinated protein/peptide antibodies (ACPA) in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). We compared the diagnostic yield of three enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) tests by using chimeric fibrin/filaggrin citrullinated synthetic peptides (CFFCP1, CFFCP2, CFFCP3) with a commercial CCP2-based test in ...
Pereira Ivânio Alves - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Although inflammation has a defined role in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis, the link between rheumatoid arthritis (RA) parameters of disease activity and atherosclerotic findings are not defined. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between subclinical carotid atherosclerosis and clinical/laboratorial parameters of RA systemic inflammatory activity. METHODS: Seventy-one RA patients were ...
Ochi Sae - - 2009
Although rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and myositis are major autoimmune diseases, co-occurrence of the two is rare. We treated a patient who developed polymyositis (PM) following the treatment of RA with leflunomide. Prednisolone (PSL) in combination with methotrexate (MTX) was effective in managing the PM, but the RA relapsed during the ...
Gallo Camila de Barros Cde - - 2009
Recurrent aphthous stomatitis (RAS) is the most common type of ulcerative disease of the oral mucosa. Despite its worldwide occurrence and the extensive amount of research that has been devoted to the subject, the etiology of RAS remains unclear. Nevertheless, several hereditary, nutritional, infectious and psychological factors have been associated ...
Di Micco Pierpaolo - - 2009
Atherosclerosis is a well known progressive disease that recognizes risk factors such as diabetes, hypertension, smoking, dyslipidemia, and inflammation. Mechanisms underlying atherosclerotic processes during inflammation are not completely understood, but cytokines are also involved, in particular tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha). Chronic inflammatory diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis (RA) are commonly ...
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