Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 1832
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Fouladi Salomeh - - 2009
BACKGROUND: HLA-B*27 is strongly associated with ankylosing spondylitis (AS). It represents a family of alleles that differ among ethnic groups. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the distribution of HLA-B*27 alleles in AS patients and healthy controls in Isfahan (Iran). METHODS: Sixty AS patients and 430 healthy ...
Yang Ming-hui - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To determine the levels of CC chemokine ligand 5 (CCL5) in serum and synovial fluid (SF) from patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and their relations with disease activity and medication. METHODS: CCL5 in serum and SF was quantified by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) in 28 RA patients and 21 ...
Gizinski Alison M - - 2009
The purpose of this study was to identify rheumatoid arthritis (RA)-related autoantibodies in subjects with interstitial lung disease (ILD) and no articular findings of RA, supporting the hypothesis that RA-related autoimmunity may be generated in non-articular sites, such as the lung. This was a retrospective chart review utilizing clinic databases ...
Rosenau Barbara J - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To detect autoantibodies to tumor necrosis factor (TNF) in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), and to determine their clinical correlates. METHODS: Ninety-two patients with RA and 62 with SLE were studied. Sera were examined for autoantibodies to TNF by enzyme linked immunoassay. Levels of ...
Raftery Graham - - 2009
Both fibromyalgia and rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients self-report similar disability. These diseases are viewed differently by the medical profession as one has ample evidence of tissue damage and inflammation and the other does not. We were interested to see if an objective measure produced similar results. Twelve patients with RA ...
Murakami Shuji - - 2009
Infection with Mycobacterium tuberculosis (M. tuberculosis) is a critical complication in anti-TNF therapies. In 141 BCG vaccinated healthy individuals and 71 rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients as screening before anti-TNF therapies, M. tuberculosis specific immune responses were evaluated by tuberculin skin test (TST) and enzyme-linked immunospot assay (ELISPOT), which detected antigen ...
Takasaki Akihisa - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether thin endometria can be improved by increasing uterine radial artery (uRA) blood flow. DESIGN: A prospective observational study. SETTING: University hospital and city general hospital. PATIENT(S): Sixty-one patients with a thin endometrium (endometrial thickness [EM] <8 mm) and high radial artery-resistance index of uRA (RA-RI >or=0.81). ...
Melis Lode - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: Th17 cells are an effector T-cell population that plays a role in chronic inflammatory conditions and is dependent on IL-23 for their survival and expansion. More recently, a genetic association was discovered between polymorphisms in the gene coding for the IL-23 receptor and spondyloarthritis. This study aimed to evaluate ...
Iikuni Noriko - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To compare the sex differences of various components of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: Data of 4823 patients from a large observational cohort study were analyzed. Remarkable differences were noted between the sexes, and overall, women had significantly higher disease activity. RESULTS: When variables were adjusted using sex, age, and ...
Avnon Lone S - - 2009
BACKGROUND: A high incidence of abnormal pulmonary function tests has been reported in cross-sectional studies among patients with rheumatoid arthritis. Few patients have been enrolled in longitudinal studies. OBJECTIVES: To perform PFT in rheumatoid arthritic patients without pulmonary involvement and to identify variables related to changes in PFT over 5 ...
Suda Takafumi - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Acute exacerbation (AE) is currently established as a distinct condition with acute deterioration of respiratory status in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF). Recently, several studies have reported that AE also occurred in interstitial pneumonias other than IPF, such as collagen vascular disease-associated interstitial pneumonia (CVD-IP). However, the incidence of AE ...
Pamuk Omer Nuri - - 2009
The objective was to determine the relationship between symptoms of fibromyalgia (FM) and early menopause and hysterectomy. We included 115 postmenopausal patients with FM (mean age 54.6 +/- 7.6) and 67 rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients (mean age 55.5 +/- 9) into our study. All patients were questioned about the severity ...
Devouassoux G - - 2009
The characteristics of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) who develop obliterative bronchiolitis characterised by severe airflow obstruction have been hitherto poorly investigated. A retrospective study of 25 patients with RA and functional evidence of obliterative bronchiolitis (forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV(1))/forced vital capacity (FVC) <50% and/or residual volume ...
Alivernini Stefano - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs) play a crucial role in the treatment of persistent chronic synovitis, such as active rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and spondyloarthritis, by inducing or maintaining disease remission, reducing the frequency of flares or relapses, and allowing corticosteroids to be tapered while maintaining disease control. OBJECTIVE: The aim ...
Osiri Manathip - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: The Health Assessment Questionnaire Disability Index (HAQ-DI) is a commonly used instrument to assess functional status of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Translations and adaptations of the HAQ-DI have been carried out for use with RA patients in several countries. The objective of this study was to evaluate the ...
Nishino Jinju - - 2009
The purpose of this study was to describe the prevalence of total joint arthroplasty (TJA) in Japanese rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients undergoing conventional drug treatment in a large observational cohort in Japan. A total of 5,177 RA patients were studied for the prevalence of TJA, who were enrolled in the ...
Kasama Tsuyoshi - - 2009
The aim was to determine the efficacy of low-dose intermittent pulse administration of mizoribine (MZR), a purine synthesis inhibitor, in combination with methotrexate (MTX) to control the symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in patients with an insufficient clinical response to MTX alone. Twenty-seven patients with active RA, despite treatment with ...
Hannawi Suad - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: Patients with recent-onset rheumatoid arthritis (RA) have impaired brachial artery endothelial function compared with controls matched for age, sex and cardiovascular risk factors. The present study examined endothelium-dependent (flow-mediated dilatation (FMD)) and independent (glyceryl trinitrate (GTN)-mediated dilatation (GMD)) structural responses in early RA patients, and determined progress over one ...
Nagasawa Yoshiya - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is associated with numerous pulmonary manifestations. However, the inflammatory mechanism remains undetermined. We studied the features of inflammatory cells in bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid and biopsy lung tissue from patients with RA-associated lung disease. METHODS: BAL findings were statistically compared between diseases. We divided RA patients ...
Romic Zeljko - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) and on hemodialysis (HD) are at increased risk for developing rheumatoid arthritis (RA), as a result of defective immunity. Our aim was to examine if ESRD and the length of HD treatment impact the clinical utility of antibodies to cyclic citrullinated peptides (anti-CCP) ...
Turesson Carl - - 2009
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To examine the occurrence and pathophysiology of vasculitis in rheumatoid arthritis (RA), describe the epidemiology and clinical features, and provide a therapeutic perspective. RECENT FINDINGS: With improved control of RA over the past two decades, the risk of severe outcomes such as vasculitis may be decreasing. Rheumatoid ...
Przygodzka Ma?gorzata - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: Thyroid abnormal function and and/or autoimmune thyroid disease (ATD) are observed in 6% to 33.8% patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to determine whether ATD is more prevalent in patients with RA compared to the control group involving age and sex-matched subjects without ...
Fukae Jun - - 2009
Power Doppler ultrasonography (PD-US) has proved to be a useful technique to measure synovial vascularity due to its capability to provide data that can be used to evaluate the level of joint inflammation and assess rheumatoid arthritis (RA). We have developed a novel PD-US finger joint scoring method that introduces ...
Sredzi?ska Krystyna - - 2009
The mechanisms underlying cartilage matrix degradation in joint diseases is not fully understood but reactive oxygen species are implicated as main causative factors. Comparative studies of glutathione reductase (GR) activity in synovial fluid from patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), reactive arthritis (ReA) and osteoarthritis (OA) as well as correlations between ...
Nanke Yuki - - 2009
Bucillamine (Bc) is a cysteine derivative with two SH groups, and a homolog of D-penicillamine, a disease-modifying antirheumatic drug (DMARD) widely used in Japan. However, it remains unclear whether Bc repairs bone erosion in patients with RA. Here, we treated three RA patients with Bc who subsequently showed radiographic repair ...
Gottenberg Jacques-Eric - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: Little is known about systemic B-cell activation in early rheumatoid arthritis (RA). We therefore evaluated the serum levels of markers of B-cell activation in patients included in the ESPOIR early arthritis cohort. METHODS: In the ESPOIR early arthritis cohort (at least 2 swollen joints for more than 6 weeks ...
Pemberton Philip W - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Women with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) have increased morbidity and mortality due to coronary heart disease. Chronic systemic inflammation is known to accelerate atherosclerosis and increase arterial stiffness in patients, but other mechanisms may also be involved. Biomarkers of oxidant stress, inflammation, insulinaemia and endothelial dysfunction were measured in blood ...
Valle Y - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To measure levels of soluble tumour necrosis factor alpha (TNFalpha) receptor type I (sTNFRI) and type II (sTNFRII) in order to correlate them with C-reactive protein (CRP), rheumatoid factor (RF), erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), and disease activity score (DAS28) in RA patients. METHODS: We recruited 41 RA patients classified ...
Beckhauser Ana Paula - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Although pericarditis is the most commonly recognized cardiac lesion in Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA), this disease affects all the three cardiac layers. OBJECTIVE: To study valvular lesions in RA, trying to correlate them with other clinical variables, auto antibodies and functional class. METHODS: One hundred twenty two controls and 184 ...
Sanmartí Raimon - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: Evidence suggests that citrullinated fibrin(ogen) may be a potential in vivo target of anticitrullinated protein/peptide antibodies (ACPA) in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). We compared the diagnostic yield of three enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) tests by using chimeric fibrin/filaggrin citrullinated synthetic peptides (CFFCP1, CFFCP2, CFFCP3) with a commercial CCP2-based test in ...
Pereira Ivânio Alves - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Although inflammation has a defined role in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis, the link between rheumatoid arthritis (RA) parameters of disease activity and atherosclerotic findings are not defined. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between subclinical carotid atherosclerosis and clinical/laboratorial parameters of RA systemic inflammatory activity. METHODS: Seventy-one RA patients were ...
Ochi Sae - - 2009
Although rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and myositis are major autoimmune diseases, co-occurrence of the two is rare. We treated a patient who developed polymyositis (PM) following the treatment of RA with leflunomide. Prednisolone (PSL) in combination with methotrexate (MTX) was effective in managing the PM, but the RA relapsed during the ...
Gallo Camila de Barros Cde - - 2009
Recurrent aphthous stomatitis (RAS) is the most common type of ulcerative disease of the oral mucosa. Despite its worldwide occurrence and the extensive amount of research that has been devoted to the subject, the etiology of RAS remains unclear. Nevertheless, several hereditary, nutritional, infectious and psychological factors have been associated ...
Di Micco Pierpaolo - - 2009
Atherosclerosis is a well known progressive disease that recognizes risk factors such as diabetes, hypertension, smoking, dyslipidemia, and inflammation. Mechanisms underlying atherosclerotic processes during inflammation are not completely understood, but cytokines are also involved, in particular tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha). Chronic inflammatory diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis (RA) are commonly ...
Julià Antonio - - 2009
TNF alpha blockade agents like infliximab are actually the treatment of choice for those rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients who fail standard therapy. However, a considerable percentage of anti-TNF alpha treated patients do not show a significant clinical response. Given that new therapies for treatment of RA have been recently approved, ...
Nozawa Kazuhisa - - 2009
A protein analysis using a mass spectrometry indicated that there are serum proteins showing significant quantitative changes after the administration of infliximab. Among them, connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) seems to be related to the pathogenesis of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Therefore, this study was conducted to investigate how CTGF is ...
Ursum Jennie - - 2009
The aim of this study was to examine seroconversion and the relationship with age and inflammation of autoantibodies in a large group of patients attending an outpatient rheumatology clinic. Levels of antibodies to citrullinated proteins/peptides (ACPAs) and IgM rheumatoid factor (IgM-RF) were determined in 22,427 samples collected from 18,658 patients. ...
Shakeri Ramin - - 2009
Gluten sensitive enteropathy (GSE) is an autoimmune enteropathy triggered by the ingestion of gluten-containing grains in susceptible individuals. Recurrent aphthous stomatitis (RAS) may be the sole manifestation of GSE. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of gluten sensitivity enteropathy (GSE) in a large group of patients ...
Gil Constantino - - 2009
Increasing evidence incriminates bacteria, especially Mycoplasma fermentans, as possible arthritogenic agents in humans. The purpose of this study was to investigate M. fermentans in the bloodstream of patients with rheumatoid arthritis. Two hundred and nineteen blood samples from patients with rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosus, antiphospholipid syndrome, and healthy individuals ...
Navarro-Sarabia Federico - - 2009
No definitive data are available regarding the value of switching to an alternative TNF antagonist in rheumatoid arthritis patients who fail to respond to the first one. The aim of this study was to evaluate treatment response in a clinical setting based on HAQ improvement and EULAR response criteria in ...
Horikoshi Masanobu - - 2009
The efficacy of infliximab, a chimeric antibody against tumor necrosis factor-alpha used to treat patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), tends to decrease as patients develop human antichimeric antibody against infliximab (HACA). The clinical study reported here was designed to evaluate the efficacy of mizoribine (MZR) pulse therapy in patients who ...
Agarwal Shilpi - - 2009
In chronic arthritis cartilage and bone destruction occur as a consequence of synovial inflammation. It is mainly mediated by matrix metalloproteinases and RANKL-OPG pathways. Data on synovial fluid levels of these mediators in enthesitis related arthritis subtype (ERA) of JIA are not available. MMP-1, MMP-3, TIMP, sRANKL and OPG levels ...
Vlcek Miroslav - - 2008
Sympathoneural and adrenomedullary impairments have been suggested in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). In the present study, sympathoneural and adrenomedullary responses to orthostasis were evaluated in eight female RA patients and in eight matched healthy controls. The testing consisted of sequence of stabilization period in supine position, legs-up position, orthostasis, ...
Tsiakalos Aristotelis P - - 2008
An open-label, prospective, uncontrolled study created to investigate clinical response, serological changes and side effects in Greek patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), after B-cell depletion with rituximab. Patients with high disease activity (disease activity score [DAS]-28 > 5.1) were selected for treatment with rituximab and received two infusions, 1 gr ...
Arshad, Anwar
A high frequency of bronchopulmonary infections complicating rheumatoid arthritis has been described in reports of case series. This study was undertaken to confirm and compare these finding in patients with RA and control. 117 patients with RA and 103 patients with OA/soft tissue rheumatism as controls. Study subjects were studied ...
van Oosterhout, Maikel
This thesis discusses several aspects of therapeutic interventions for arthritis of the knee, especially arthroscopic lavage. Arthroscopic lavage is a technique in which the inflamed knee of the patient is rinced with saline. After the procedure corticosteroids can be administered to suppress inflammation. Arthroscopic lavage was superior in suppressing recurrence ...
Ca─člayan F - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Recurrent aphthous stomatitis (RAS) is the most common oral ulcerative condition affecting 5-25% of the general population. The aim of this study was to evaluate the oxidative stress parameters in saliva of patients with RAS and to investigate the relationship among these parameters in either group. Materials and METHODS: ...
Zuderman Lidiya - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of radiosynoviorthesis (RSO) in relation to joint type and underlying disease by both self-assessment of patients and scintigraphic assessment to determine conditions under which RSO might be preferable to the sole intra-articular corticoid injection. METHODS: Radiosynoviorthesis was performed on 136 patients for 424 joints [242 ...
Auger I - - 2009
To identify new IgG autoantibodies in sera from patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). We tested serum samples from 19 patients with RA with given human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-DR genotypes, from 7 patients with spondylarthropathy, 2 patients with lupus, 4 patients with systemic sclerosis and 10 healthy individuals on 8268 human ...
Jensen Niels C - - 2009
BACKGROUND: There exist very few long-term follow-up studies, on total ankle replacement (TAR). In the present study a cohort of rheumatoid arthritic (RA) were followed for up to 23 years. METHODS: Thirty-three TAR were performed in 26 RA patients from 1980 to 1993. Removal of the prostheses and radiolucency was ...
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