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Results 301 - 350 of 1858
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Palomino-Morales R - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: To assess whether the polymorphism of the macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) gene at the position -173 is implicated in the disease susceptibility, risk of cardiovascular (CV) events and presence of subclinical atherosclerosis in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). PATIENTS AND METHODS: A series of 293 unselected patients fulfilling ...
Assmann Gunter - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: To test the efficacy of treatment with rituximab in refractory rheumatoid vasculitis in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: Retrospective study of four female patients with histologically proven RA associated vasculitic cutaneous ulcers. All patients developed the lesions on long term treatment with methotrexate or leflunomide, and three of ...
van Kuijk A W R - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the expression of tumour necrosis factor (TNF)-like weak inducer of apoptosis (TWEAK) and its receptor fibroblast growth factor inducible 14 (Fn14) in the inflamed synovium of patients with arthritis, as TWEAK blockade has been observed to have a beneficial effect in an animal model of rheumatoid arthritis ...
Singwe-Ngandeu Madeleine - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to examine the diagnostic performance of autoantibodies against citrullinated peptides/proteins (ACPA) and to determine the prevalence of HLA-DRB1 shared epitope alleles (SE) in African patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: Serum levels of anti-cyclic citrullinated peptides antibodies (anti-CCP2, anti-CCP3), IgM and IgA rheumatoid ...
Sanja Milutinovis R - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: to compare ultrasound (US) changes of the painful shoulder between patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and patients with degenerative shoulder disease (DSD). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients with painful shoulder (n=178) were divided according to clinical diagnosis made by rheumatologist: Group1-77 patients with RA, Group2-101 patients with DSD. US changes ...
Milovanovi? Branislav - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: The manifestations of autonomic nervous system (ANS) dysfunction in autoimmune diseases have been the subject of many studies. However, the published results pertaining to such research are controversial. Sudden cardiac death due to fatal arrhythmias is frequent in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and rheumatoid arthritis (RA). OBJECTIVE: ...
Strangfeld Anja - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: We used the data of the German biologics register RABBIT, a nationwide prospective cohort study, to investigate the risk of new or recurrent malignancy in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) receiving biologics compared to conventional disease modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (DMARDs). METHODS: The analysis was based on patients with RA ...
Markatseli T E - - 2010
The course of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) varies among patients, ranging from a mild disease with a small impact on patient's functional capacity to a severe, erosive and catastrophic disease accompanied by subluxations, deformities and subsequent poor quality of life. In clinical practice, the prediction of the outcome of RA is ...
Kogure Toshiaki - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To assess the clinical effectiveness and safety of traditional herbal medicines (THM: Kampo) used in combination with oral methotrexate (MTX) in order to control the disease activity of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in patients whose disease remains active despite treatment with MTX. METHODS: Patients (n=13; male:female = l:12) with RA ...
Svensson Bj?rn - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is characterized by an uncontrolled spread of destructive joint inflammation resembling malignancy. Epidemiological studies have established strong correlation between inflammation and predisposition for cancer. Here we assess the predictive role of the circulating proto-oncogene survivin for clinical and radiological outcome of early RA. PATIENTS AND METHODS: ...
Nell-Duxneuner V - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To investigate time courses of autoantibody profiles in patients with early arthritis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 200 patients with very early arthritis (<3 months duration), among them 102 patients with a final diagnosis of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and 98 with other rheumatic diseases, were followed up for ...
Hammer H Berner - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Plasma levels of calprotectin, a major S100 leucocyte protein, are cross-sectionally associated with clinical and laboratory markers of inflammation and with radiographic damage in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). High amounts of calprotectin are found in synovial fluid from patients with RA. OBJECTIVE: To examine whether calprotectin might be an independent ...
Naredo E - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To compare the interobserver reliability of three-dimensional (3D) volumetric ultrasonography (US) and 2D real-time US in detecting inflammatory and destructive changes in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) wrist and hand. METHODS: Two RA patients were selected by a rheumatologist who performed independently a grey-scale and power Doppler (PD) volumetric acquisition at ...
Raterman H G - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients are at increased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD), which is even more pronounced in hypothyroid RA patients. An unfavourable cardiovascular risk profile conferred by a higher prevalence of the metabolic syndrome (MetS) and a higher Framingham risk score might explain this amplified cardiovascular morbidity. This ...
Gonzalez-Gay M A - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Visfatin is an insulin-mimetic adipokine. In non-rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients circulating levels of visfatin are correlated with the amount of visceral fat. Recent studies have disclosed an implication of visfatin in inflammation. Chronic systemic inflammation is of major importance in the development of atherosclerosis in RA. In ...
Kapetanovic M C - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: To study the prevalence of comorbid conditions at diagnosis and during follow-up in a cohort of patients with early rheumatoid arthritis (RA) followed prospectively over 20 years, and to identify possible early predictive factors for future comorbidities. METHODS: A community-based cohort of 183 patients (mean age 52 years, 63% ...
Berisha Idriz - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: cardiac and pulmonary clinical manifestations frequently absent in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). The aim of this study was to evaluate cardiac and pulmonary alterations in RA among patients without clinical manifestations. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was conducted in 169 patients (127 female and 42 male, with mean ...
Saber Tajvur P - - 2010
Since remission is now possible in psoriatic arthritis (PsA) we wished to examine remission rates in PsA patients following anti tumour necrosis factor alpha (TNFalpha) therapy and to examine possible predictors of response. Analysis of a prospective patient cohort attending a biologic clinic, between November 2004 and March 2008, was ...
Södergren Anna - - 2010
In this study we aimed to investigate whether there are indications of premature atherosclerosis, as measured by endothelial dependent flow-mediated dilation (ED-FMD) and intima media thickness (IMT), in patients with very early RA, and to analyze its relation to biomarkers of endothelial dysfunction, taking inflammation and traditional cardiovascular disease (CVD) ...
Van Steendam Katleen - - 2010
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an inflammatory disease, which results in destruction of the joint. The presence of immune complexes (IC) in serum and synovial fluid of RA patients might contribute to this articular damage through different mechanisms, such as complement activation. Therefore, identification of the antigens from these IC is ...
Lodi Sara - - 2010
* The increasing evidence of the anti-inflammatory action of statins has stimulated interest in whether these might be beneficial in disease management of rheumatoid arthritis (RA), a chronic diseases characterized by high levels of inflammation. * The TARA trial (McCarey 2004) suggested a significant reduction in disease activity outcomes in ...
Christensen Anne Friesgaard - - 2010
Surfactant protein D (SP-D) is a collectin with immuno-regulatory functions, which may depend on oligomerization. Anti-microbial and anti-inflammatory properties have been attributed to multimeric SP-D variants, while trimeric subunits per se have been suggested to enhance inflammation. Previously, we reported low circulating SP-D in early rheumatoid arthritis (RA), and the ...
Cader Mohammed Z MZ MRC Centre for Immune Regulation, School of Immunity and Infection, The University of Birmingham, Birmingham, - - 2010
Anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide (anti-CCP) antibodies are highly specific for RA, but are not detectable in all RA patients. The aim of this study was to establish whether the clinical phenotypes of anti-CCP positive and negative disease are distinct at the earliest clinically apparent phase of disease. Patients were recruited from ...
Faria A D AD Biomedical Instrumentation Laboratory, Institute of Biology Roberto Alcantara Gomes and Electrical Engineering Faculty, State University of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. - - 2010
The objective of this study was to evaluate the clinical potential of the Forced Oscillation Technique (FOT) in the detection of the early alterations in respiratory mechanics of Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) patients. A total of 36 individuals were analyzed, 18 healthy and 18 with RA. The clinical usefulness of the ...
Curtis J R JR Division of Clinical Immunology and Rheumatology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, 510 20 Street South, FOT 840, Birmingham, AL 35294, USA. - - 2010
Potential hepatotoxicity associated with disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs) requires laboratory monitoring. In patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) or psoriatic arthritis (PsA), the incidence of elevated alanine aminotransferase/aspartate aminotransferase (ALT/AST) enzymes associated with methotrexate (MTX), leflunomide (LEF) and MTX+LEF versus other DMARDs was examined. Patients with RA and PsA enrolled in ...
Kuan Woon Pang - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether serum levels of CC and CXC chemokines correlate with disease activity in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), and to determine whether these effects predict clinical response. METHODS: Serum levels of the chemokines CC (CCL2, CCL5) and CXC (CXCL8, CXCL9, CXCL10) were quantified at baseline and after ...
Poole C J M - - 2010
Illness deception (ID) may be difficult to detect. Objective techniques that improve a doctor's skills of detection will have benefits for the health economy. To ascertain the incidence of ID in a general occupational medicine clinic, to give examples by way of case vignettes how it may manifest and to ...
Inan Asuman Sengoz - - 2011
Central nervous system involvement of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) frequently develops in patients who had a long-term history of RA, irrespective of the disease activity of systemic arthritis, and it has a high mortality rate despite treatment. Since clinical symptoms and radiologic signs are rather nonspecific, in short of doing biopsy, ...
Ide Maiza Ritomy - - 2011
The main objective of this study is to compare Spanish and Brazilian self-reported health-related functional capacity in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). 197 patients diagnosed with RA were studied in Spain (n = 127) and Brazil (n = 70). Pain (Visual analog scale) and functional capacity (Health Assessment Questionnaire/HAQ) were assessed. Patients were questioned ...
Raza Karim - - 2010
RA is a chronic disease in which synovitis drives joint destruction. Immunomodulatory therapy in the established phase of disease limits synovitis, and slows the rate of joint destruction, but is not curative. Increasing evidence suggests that the very early phase of RA, within the first few months after the onset ...
Shang Y-B - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Beh?et's disease (BD) is known to be associated with human leucocyte antigen (HLA)-B*51 in many ethnic groups. However, the association of HLA class II gene with BD has been described to be different according to different countries and regions. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to investigate the association between polymorphism ...
D'Andrea Antonello - - 2009
To evaluate right atrial (RA) morphology and deformation in patients with dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM). A total of 130 patients with either idiopathic (n = 70) or ischaemic (n = 60) DCM, and 60 controls underwent clinical examination, standard echocardiography, and RA two-dimensional strain echocardiography (2DSE). Six months after implantation of ...
Gogus Feride - - 2010
We aimed to compare tuberculin skin test (TST) and QuantiFERON-TB gold in tube (QFT-IT) in patients with chronic inflammatory diseases living in a population where tuberculosis is endemic and BCG vaccination is routine. Twenty-five patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), 16 patients with spondilarthropathy (SpA) and 7 healthy volunteers were recruited ...
Heiland Gisela Ruiz - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Hereditary haemochromatosis (HH) is a common autosomal recessive inherited disorder that frequently causes arthritis. The pathophysiology of musculoskeletal involvement is, however, unclear. OBJECTIVE: To analyse synovial tissue obtained at surgery from patients with HH arthropathy and compare it qualitatively and quantitatively with specimens from patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) ...
Inanc Nevsun - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To compare the Quantiferon-TB Gold test (QTF-G) with the tuberculin skin test (TST) for the detection of latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) among patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and ankylosing spondylitis (AS), with reevaluation of the patients treated with tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) antagonists in the followup. METHODS: The study ...
Matsuyama Yasushi - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To determine levels of interleukin 33 (IL-33) in serum and synovial fluid (SF) and their clinical associations in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). To evaluate the ability of activated peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) and fibroblast-like synoviocytes (FLS) from RA patients to release IL-33. METHODS: Sera were obtained from ...
Bergman Martin J - - 2009
To investigate whether fatigue is an inflammatory (rheumatoid arthritis; RA) variable, the contributions of RA variables to fatigue, and the levels of fatigue in RA compared with osteoarthritis (OA) and fibromyalgia (FM). We studied 2096 RA patients, 1440 with OA, and 1073 with FM in a clinical setting, and 14,607 ...
van Eijk I C - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic systemic inflammatory disease characterised by synovitis and joint destruction. The pathogenesis of RA is not clear, but is considered to be an immune-mediated inflammatory disorder, in which the complement system plays an important role. Although cell-derived microparticles (MPs) have been associated with inflammation ...
Li Wai Ling - - 2010
Polymyalgia rheumatica (PMR) is diagnosed based on clinical features that may overlap with other rheumatic conditions like rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Furthermore, a proportion of PMR patients may subsequently evolve into RA. The aim of this study was to examine the clinical characteristics of PMR patients in a Chinese cohort compared ...
Coaccioli S - - 2009
The aim of the present study is to discuss the importance of the processes of oxidative stress in the pathogenesis of certain autoimmune diseases, to search for an appropriate assessment marker, and to debate current approaches which have been proposed for the treatment of Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA), Psoriatic Arthritis (PsA), ...
Hanachi Nadjet - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To search whether xanthine oxido-reductase (XOR) present in the synovium is also liberated, to determine its activity in synovial fluid and to establish a possible relationship between XOR levels in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and non-RA patients. METHODS: This study was carried out in the Laboratory of Immunology, University Ferhat ...
Metsios G S - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: It has been frequently stated that rheumatoid cachexia (RC) associates with increased cardiovascular risk; however, no studies to date have investigated this. The aim of this study was to investigate the association of RC with multiple novel and classical cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors and the presence of established ...
Fleischmann R M - - 2009
Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML) is a rare brain disease caused by reactivation of the JC virus. Herein, a case of PML in association with rituximab treatment in a patient with chronic rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and Sj??gren's syndrome is described. The patient received 4 courses of rituximab (2 1,000-mg infusions administered ...
Shovman O - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To compare the performance of QuantiFERON-TB Gold (QFT-G) with that of the tuberculin skin test (TST) in detecting latent tuberculosis (LTBI) among patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 35 RA patients and 15 healthy controls underwent TST, QFT-G assays and chest X-ray and filled ...
Mehta Timir Y - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Stevens-Johnson Syndrome (SJS) and toxic epidermal necrolysis are severe cutaneous reactions caused by certain drugs, including antiepileptic carbamazepine. A strong association has been reported between human leucocyte antigen (HLA)-B*1502 and carbamazepine-induced SJS in Han Chinese patients. European studies suggested that HLA-B*1502 is not a universal marker but is ethnicity-specific ...
Yazici Yusuf - - 2009
Radiographs present several attractive features for the assessment and monitoring of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Radiographic erosions are the closest to a pathognomonic sign in RA. Radiographs provide a permanent record of permanent damage. Excellent quantitative scoring systems have been developed by Larsen, Sharp, van der Heijde, Genant, Rau, ...
Kim Eunice J - - 2009
Interstitial lung disease (ILD) is a frequent extraarticular manifestation of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). While the nonspecific interstitial pneumonia pattern predominates in most forms of connective tissue-associated ILD, studies in patients with RA-associated ILD (RA-ILD) suggest that the usual interstitial pneumonia (UIP) pattern is more common in this patient population. High-resolution ...
Heidari Behzad - - 2009
The utility of anticyclic citrullinated peptide (anti-CCP) antibody in the diagnosis of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) varies across different studies. We determined the diagnostic performance and predictive ability of anti-CCP for RA. We studied 201 patients with RA and compared them with 208 non-RA patients as controls. RA patients included in ...
Matsuda Kazuyuki - - 2010
To evaluate minimal residual disease (MRD) after chemotherapy and haematopoietic stem cell transplantation in juvenile myelomonocytic leukaemia (JMML), a locked nucleic acid-allele specific quantitative polymerase chain reaction (LNA-AS-qPCR) was developed for 13 patients (four types of PTPN11 mutation and four types of RAS mutation). The post-transplant MRD detected by LNA-AS-qPCR ...
Myasoedova Elena E Department of Health Sciences Research, Mayo Foundation, 200 First Street SW, Rochester, MN 55905, - - 2010
To compare lipid profiles in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and in non-RA subjects during the 5 years before and 5 years after the RA incidence/index date. Lipid measures were abstracted in a population-based incident cohort of patients with RA (1987 American College of Rheumatology criteria) first diagnosed between 1 ...
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