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Results 301 - 350 of 1834
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Cader Mohammed Z MZ MRC Centre for Immune Regulation, School of Immunity and Infection, The University of Birmingham, Birmingham, - - 2010
Anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide (anti-CCP) antibodies are highly specific for RA, but are not detectable in all RA patients. The aim of this study was to establish whether the clinical phenotypes of anti-CCP positive and negative disease are distinct at the earliest clinically apparent phase of disease. Patients were recruited from ...
Kuan Woon Pang - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether serum levels of CC and CXC chemokines correlate with disease activity in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), and to determine whether these effects predict clinical response. METHODS: Serum levels of the chemokines CC (CCL2, CCL5) and CXC (CXCL8, CXCL9, CXCL10) were quantified at baseline and after ...
Poole C J M - - 2010
Illness deception (ID) may be difficult to detect. Objective techniques that improve a doctor's skills of detection will have benefits for the health economy. To ascertain the incidence of ID in a general occupational medicine clinic, to give examples by way of case vignettes how it may manifest and to ...
Inan Asuman Sengoz - - 2011
Central nervous system involvement of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) frequently develops in patients who had a long-term history of RA, irrespective of the disease activity of systemic arthritis, and it has a high mortality rate despite treatment. Since clinical symptoms and radiologic signs are rather nonspecific, in short of doing biopsy, ...
Ide Maiza Ritomy - - 2011
The main objective of this study is to compare Spanish and Brazilian self-reported health-related functional capacity in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). 197 patients diagnosed with RA were studied in Spain (n = 127) and Brazil (n = 70). Pain (Visual analog scale) and functional capacity (Health Assessment Questionnaire/HAQ) were assessed. Patients were questioned ...
Raza Karim - - 2010
RA is a chronic disease in which synovitis drives joint destruction. Immunomodulatory therapy in the established phase of disease limits synovitis, and slows the rate of joint destruction, but is not curative. Increasing evidence suggests that the very early phase of RA, within the first few months after the onset ...
Shang Y-B - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Beh?et's disease (BD) is known to be associated with human leucocyte antigen (HLA)-B*51 in many ethnic groups. However, the association of HLA class II gene with BD has been described to be different according to different countries and regions. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to investigate the association between polymorphism ...
D'Andrea Antonello - - 2009
To evaluate right atrial (RA) morphology and deformation in patients with dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM). A total of 130 patients with either idiopathic (n = 70) or ischaemic (n = 60) DCM, and 60 controls underwent clinical examination, standard echocardiography, and RA two-dimensional strain echocardiography (2DSE). Six months after implantation of ...
Gogus Feride - - 2010
We aimed to compare tuberculin skin test (TST) and QuantiFERON-TB gold in tube (QFT-IT) in patients with chronic inflammatory diseases living in a population where tuberculosis is endemic and BCG vaccination is routine. Twenty-five patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), 16 patients with spondilarthropathy (SpA) and 7 healthy volunteers were recruited ...
Heiland Gisela Ruiz - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Hereditary haemochromatosis (HH) is a common autosomal recessive inherited disorder that frequently causes arthritis. The pathophysiology of musculoskeletal involvement is, however, unclear. OBJECTIVE: To analyse synovial tissue obtained at surgery from patients with HH arthropathy and compare it qualitatively and quantitatively with specimens from patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) ...
Inanc Nevsun - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To compare the Quantiferon-TB Gold test (QTF-G) with the tuberculin skin test (TST) for the detection of latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) among patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and ankylosing spondylitis (AS), with reevaluation of the patients treated with tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) antagonists in the followup. METHODS: The study ...
Matsuyama Yasushi - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To determine levels of interleukin 33 (IL-33) in serum and synovial fluid (SF) and their clinical associations in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). To evaluate the ability of activated peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) and fibroblast-like synoviocytes (FLS) from RA patients to release IL-33. METHODS: Sera were obtained from ...
Bergman Martin J - - 2009
To investigate whether fatigue is an inflammatory (rheumatoid arthritis; RA) variable, the contributions of RA variables to fatigue, and the levels of fatigue in RA compared with osteoarthritis (OA) and fibromyalgia (FM). We studied 2096 RA patients, 1440 with OA, and 1073 with FM in a clinical setting, and 14,607 ...
van Eijk I C - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic systemic inflammatory disease characterised by synovitis and joint destruction. The pathogenesis of RA is not clear, but is considered to be an immune-mediated inflammatory disorder, in which the complement system plays an important role. Although cell-derived microparticles (MPs) have been associated with inflammation ...
Li Wai Ling - - 2010
Polymyalgia rheumatica (PMR) is diagnosed based on clinical features that may overlap with other rheumatic conditions like rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Furthermore, a proportion of PMR patients may subsequently evolve into RA. The aim of this study was to examine the clinical characteristics of PMR patients in a Chinese cohort compared ...
Coaccioli S - - 2009
The aim of the present study is to discuss the importance of the processes of oxidative stress in the pathogenesis of certain autoimmune diseases, to search for an appropriate assessment marker, and to debate current approaches which have been proposed for the treatment of Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA), Psoriatic Arthritis (PsA), ...
Hanachi Nadjet - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To search whether xanthine oxido-reductase (XOR) present in the synovium is also liberated, to determine its activity in synovial fluid and to establish a possible relationship between XOR levels in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and non-RA patients. METHODS: This study was carried out in the Laboratory of Immunology, University Ferhat ...
Metsios G S - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: It has been frequently stated that rheumatoid cachexia (RC) associates with increased cardiovascular risk; however, no studies to date have investigated this. The aim of this study was to investigate the association of RC with multiple novel and classical cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors and the presence of established ...
Fleischmann R M - - 2009
Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML) is a rare brain disease caused by reactivation of the JC virus. Herein, a case of PML in association with rituximab treatment in a patient with chronic rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and Sj??gren's syndrome is described. The patient received 4 courses of rituximab (2 1,000-mg infusions administered ...
Shovman O - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To compare the performance of QuantiFERON-TB Gold (QFT-G) with that of the tuberculin skin test (TST) in detecting latent tuberculosis (LTBI) among patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 35 RA patients and 15 healthy controls underwent TST, QFT-G assays and chest X-ray and filled ...
Mehta Timir Y - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Stevens-Johnson Syndrome (SJS) and toxic epidermal necrolysis are severe cutaneous reactions caused by certain drugs, including antiepileptic carbamazepine. A strong association has been reported between human leucocyte antigen (HLA)-B*1502 and carbamazepine-induced SJS in Han Chinese patients. European studies suggested that HLA-B*1502 is not a universal marker but is ethnicity-specific ...
Yazici Yusuf - - 2009
Radiographs present several attractive features for the assessment and monitoring of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Radiographic erosions are the closest to a pathognomonic sign in RA. Radiographs provide a permanent record of permanent damage. Excellent quantitative scoring systems have been developed by Larsen, Sharp, van der Heijde, Genant, Rau, ...
Kim Eunice J - - 2009
Interstitial lung disease (ILD) is a frequent extraarticular manifestation of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). While the nonspecific interstitial pneumonia pattern predominates in most forms of connective tissue-associated ILD, studies in patients with RA-associated ILD (RA-ILD) suggest that the usual interstitial pneumonia (UIP) pattern is more common in this patient population. High-resolution ...
Heidari Behzad - - 2009
The utility of anticyclic citrullinated peptide (anti-CCP) antibody in the diagnosis of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) varies across different studies. We determined the diagnostic performance and predictive ability of anti-CCP for RA. We studied 201 patients with RA and compared them with 208 non-RA patients as controls. RA patients included in ...
Matsuda Kazuyuki - - 2010
To evaluate minimal residual disease (MRD) after chemotherapy and haematopoietic stem cell transplantation in juvenile myelomonocytic leukaemia (JMML), a locked nucleic acid-allele specific quantitative polymerase chain reaction (LNA-AS-qPCR) was developed for 13 patients (four types of PTPN11 mutation and four types of RAS mutation). The post-transplant MRD detected by LNA-AS-qPCR ...
Myasoedova Elena - - 2010
To compare lipid profiles in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and in non-RA subjects during the 5 years before and 5 years after the RA incidence/index date. Lipid measures were abstracted in a population-based incident cohort of patients with RA (1987 American College of Rheumatology criteria) first diagnosed between 1 ...
Seitz Michael - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of tumour necrosis factor alpha (TNFalpha) blockers on the presence of liver fibrosis in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and psoriatic arthritis (PsA) treated with methotrexate (MTX). METHODS: Participants were consecutive patients with RA and PsA who had undergone MTX treatment for at least 1 ...
Yue Cai - - 2010
Objective of the study is to assess the effects of adalimumab and MTX therapy on peripheral Th17 cells and IL-17/IL-6 secretion in RA patients. Twenty active RA patients were treated with oral MTX 15 mg per week (MTX group, n = 10), or hypodermal adalimumab 40 or 80 mg every ...
Dhir Varun - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: Fibromyalgia (FM) has been shown to be common in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), but studies on Asian patients are lacking. It remains unclear whether FM has an adverse influence on pain, fatigue, quality of life, and mood in these patients, and what its relationship is with disease activity. ...
Khan Nasim A - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the utility of the duration of morning stiffness (MS), as a patient-reported outcome (PRO), in assessing rheumatoid arthritis (RA) disease activity. METHODS: We acquired information on 5439 patients in QUEST-RA, an international database of patients with RA evaluated by a standard protocol. MS duration was assessed from ...
Pieringer Herwig - - 2010
Pulse wave velocity (PWV), a marker of arterial stiffness, reflects vascular dysfunction and is associated with cardiovascular risk. Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is associated with profound changes in vascular function and premature death, mainly caused by cardiovascular diseases. The aim of this study was to investigate arterial stiffness in the brachial ...
Heidari Behzad - - 2010
Early and accurate diagnosis and treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) improves disease outcome. Anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide antibody (anti-CCP) which is highly specific for RA is produced locally from inflamed synovium. The present study was designed to assess the diagnostic performance of synovial fluid anti-CCP (sf-CCP) for RA. A total of ...
Kratz Ewa Maria - - 2010
The expressions of some terminal glycotopes of synovial immunoglobulins G, A, and M were analysed in relation to rheumatoid arthritis (RA) progression defined according to early and advanced radiological changes in patients' hands. The relative amounts of terminal monosaccharides were determined by lectin-immunoblotting of immunoglobulin preparations using appropriate lectins able ...
White D H N - - 2010
It has been suggested that elevated mean red cell volume (MCV) may be a predictor of haematological toxicity in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients receiving methotrexate (MTX). We wished to identify whether there was an association between MCV, red cell folate and haematological toxicity in patients on MTX monotherapy for the ...
Liu Y - - 2010
The HLA-B27 subtypes have a varied racial and ethnic prevalence throughout the world. However, the association of B27-subtypes with ankylosing spondylitis (AS) in the mainland China is unknown. To determine the association of B27-subtypes with AS in the Mainland Chinese Han population, a total of unrelated 153 patients with AS ...
Kawashiri Shin-ya - - 2010
We evaluated the short-term effects of the anti-interleukin-6 (IL-6) receptor antibody tocilizumab (TCZ) in six patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) who had been refractory to tumor necrosis factor (TNF) antagonist therapy. All subjects were considered to be secondary nonresponders to TNF antagonists as decided by each physician. The Disease Activity ...
Dai Hui - - 2009
This study was undertaken to investigate whether levels of anti-Saccharomyces cerevisiae mannan antibodies (ASCMA) in human sera, a marker for several autoimmune diseases, correlate with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). ASCMA-IgA, -IgG and -IgM levels were measured with enzyme linked immunosorbent assays (ELISA) in patients with RA (n = 30) and 152 ...
Kuroda Takeshi - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effect of anti-tumor necrosis factor-alpha (anti-TNF) therapy in patients with reactive AA amyloidosis associated with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: Fourteen patients with reactive AA amyloidosis associated with RA were prospectively evaluated. Four patients were treated with infliximab and 10 with etanercept. The mean period of anti-TNF ...
Barcelos Filipe - - 2009
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the prevalence and clinical significance of anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide antibodies (anti-CCP-Abs), IgM and IgA rheumatoid factors (RFs) in primary Sjögren's Syndrome (pSS). We compared clinical and serological characteristics of 31 pSS and 31 Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) patients. Both, anti-CCP-Abs and RFs (IgM, ...
van Wietmarschen Herman - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Complex chronic diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis have become a major challenge in medicine and for the pharmaceutical industry. New impulses for drug development are needed. OBJECTIVE:: A systems biology approach is explored to find subtypes of rheumatoid arthritis patients enabling a development towards more personalized medicine. METHODS: Blood ...
Charles-Schoeman Christina - - 2009
To characterize the antiinflammatory function of high-density lipoprotein (HDL) in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and to identify specific differences in HDL-associated proteins and enzymes that distinguish proinflammatory HDL from normal, antiinflammatory HDL. We studied 132 RA patients. The antiinflammatory function of HDL was assessed by a cell-free assay, and ...
Maeda Tomoyo - - 2010
We aimed to determine the sensitivity and specificity of QuantiFERON-TB Gold (QFT-G) in Japanese rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients with a past history of tuberculosis (TB). We assessed whether it is possible to decrease the cutoff using receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis. We evaluated chest computed tomography (CT) findings, prior history ...
Harrison M J - - 2009
Comparative evidence regarding the responsiveness of the EQ-5D and SF-6D in arthritis patients is conflicting and insufficient across the range of disease severity. We examined the comparative responsiveness of the EQ-5D and SF-6D in cohorts of patients with early inflammatory disease through to severe rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Responsiveness was tested ...
Hammer Hilde B - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: Ultrasonography (US) is a sensitive tool for detecting erosions in patients with RA. The wrist is usually involved in the RA process, where the distal ulna with its superficial localization is easily accessible for US examination. In this longitudinal study, we wanted to examine the presence, localization and development ...
Koivuniemi Riitta - - 2009
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients have premature mortality, mostly attributed to cardiovascular diseases (CVDs). We studied causes of death (CoDs) and contribution of autopsy to them in RA patients treated at a single hospital responsible for primary to tertiary RA treatment in Helsinki. In 1971-1991, 960 RA patients died. The leading ...
Day Regina M - - 2009
OSA is associated with increased incidence of cardiovascular diseases. Pathogenic mechanisms of vascular diseases include thickened vascular walls due to the increased number of smooth muscle cells (SMC). Retinoic acid (RA) suppresses the growth of SMC, and reduced retinoid levels are associated with vascular diseases. Oxidant signalling promotes SMC growth, ...
Giles Jon T - - 2009
Recent reports have suggested that increasing adiposity may protect against radiographic damage in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). We explored the role of serum adipokines (adiponectin, resistin, and leptin) in mediating this association. Patients with RA underwent total-body dual x-ray absorptiometry for measurement of total and regional body fat and lean mass, ...
Galarraga Bernat - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: Increased arterial stiffness, an independent risk factor for premature coronary artery disease, has been reported in patients with RA. The objectives of this study were first to assess, in patients with RA, the relationship between disease activity, inflammation and augmentation index, which is a combined measure of arterial stiffness ...
Reynier F - - 2009
To study the viral loads of human endogenous retrovirus HERV-K (HML-2) type 1 and type 2 in rheumatoid arthritis (RA), we measured the viral loads of HERV-K (HML-2) type 1 and type 2 using nucleic acid sequence-based amplification (NASBA) technology. We analyzed plasma samples from RA patients (n = 79) ...
Smulders E - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) are at increased risk of falling. In healthy elderly persons with a history of falling, a reduced ability to avoid obstacles while walking has been shown to relate to increased fall risk. The aim of this study was to determine whether this potential risk ...
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