Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 1857
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Drouin Julie - - 2010
To determine through a systematic literature search the predictors of clinical response and radiographic progression in adult patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) treated with methotrexate (MTX) monotherapy. A systematic literature search using Medline, Embase, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, in May 2008, and review of abstracts of ...
Tishler Moshe - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: To make a comparison between the clinical data and the imaging results with 99mTc-nanocolloid scintigraphy in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients considered to be in remission. METHODS: Forty RA patients found to be in clinical remission according to the ACR and the EULAR (DAS28<2.6) criteria were studied. The group included ...
Watanabe Hiroshi - - 2010
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a systemic autoimmune disease that is characterized by chronic synovial inflammation. Patients with RA have increased risk of infection; this is related to RA itself or the adverse effects of medication. In this report, we describe a case of emphysematous pyelonephritis in a patient with RA ...
Göksel Karatepe Altinay - - 2010
AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate foot deformities in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), to detect frequency of deformities and to assess the relationship between foot deformities and foot functions. METHODS: Anteroposterior and lateral radiographs of 40 patients and 40 control subjects were studied. The hallux valgus ...
Haberhauer Guenther - - 2010
Anti-TNF agents like infliximab, etanercept and adalimumab are efficacious in the treatment of ankylosing spondylitis (AS), psoriatic arthritis (PsA) and rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Lack of efficacy, side effects and loss of efficacy over time may be reasons for switching to a second anti-TNF agent and sometimes switching to a third ...
Bridges S Louis SL Jr University of Alabama at Birmingham, Division of Clinical Immunology and Rheumatology, Birmingham, AL 35294-2182, USA. - - 2010
To describe radiographic changes in African Americans with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) from the Consortium for the Longitudinal Evaluations of African Americans with Early Rheumatoid Arthritis (CLEAR) Registry, a multicenter observational study. Self-declared African American patients were enrolled in CLEAR I, a longitudinal cohort of early RA (disease duration of <2 ...
Ahn Joong Kyong - - 2011
We sought to evaluate the frequency of cervical spine (C-spine) involvement, and associated risk factors for this disorder and its progression in Korean patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). From 1995 to 2008, we recruited patients with RA attending the rheumatology clinic of a single tertiary care hospital, and evaluated 1,120 ...
Daoussis Dimitrios - - 2011
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) associates with excess cardiovascular (CV) morbidity and mortality. New screening tools are needed to better identify patients at increased CV risk. Microalbuminuria (MA) has been shown to associate with inflammation and future cardiovascular disease (CVD). In the present study, we assessed the prevalence of MA in a ...
Montag K - - 2011
Aims: Our aim was to examine the spectrum of disease activity and usage of disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (DMARD) in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients seen over a period of 12 months in community-based rheumatology practice. Methods: Data were prospectively collected on 1059 consecutive RA patients who attended two private, community-based rheumatology clinics ...
Mori Shunsuke - - 2010
This study was intended to evaluate HLA-DRB1 alleles and antibodies against anti-cyclic citrullinated peptides (anti-CCP Abs) for their value in predicting patient responses to treatment with disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs) in early rheumatoid arthritis (RA). The subjects were 124 Japanese patients who had received their first treatment with DMARDs, usually ...
Aydın Yusuf - - 2012
Acromegaly is a chronic endocrinopathy characterized by hypersecretion of growth hormone (GH) and consequently of insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1). The arthropathy in acromegaly is the most frequent and important cause of morbidity and functional disability in acromegaly. Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a rarely reported clinical situation in patients with acromegalic. ...
Picchianti-Diamanti Andrea - - 2010
PURPOSE: To assess health-related quality of life (HR-QoL) in patients with Rheumatoid arthritis (RA), early RA and early psoriatic arthritis (PsA), and to evaluate the efficacy of etanercept in reducing disability. METHODS: Twenty healthy volunteers, 40 RA, 20 early RA and 20 early PsA patients were recruited. All patients received ...
Maejima Hideki - - 2010
Anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide antibodies (anti-CCP) are highly considered to indicate disease severity and be predictive markers in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). RA patients who are positive for anti-CCP tend to progress more frequently to joint deformity and functionally deteriorate more than negative patients. A study concerning the presence of anti-CCP in ...
Rimoldi Stefano F - - 2010
To determine the prevalence and independent predictors of significant atherosclerotic renal artery stenosis (RAS) in unselected hypertensive patients undergoing coronary angiography and to assess the 6-month outcome of those patients with a significant RAS. One thousand, four hundred and three consecutive hypertensive patients undergoing drive-by renal arteriography were analyzed retrospectively. ...
Domiciano Diogo Souza - - 2010
Tuberculosis, a polymorphic disease, is a diagnostic challenge, particularly when arises concomitantly to an autoimmune disease such as rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Herein, the authors describe a 33-year-old woman with nodular RA who was being treated with methotrexate, sulfasalazine and corticosteroids and presented with subcutaneous nodules simultaneously with aseptic meningitis. Mycobacterium ...
Tanaka Y - - 2010
Tumour necrosis factor (TNF) inhibitors enable tight control of disease activity in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Discontinuation of TNF inhibitors after acquisition of low disease activity (LDA) is important for safety and economic reasons. To determine whether infliximab might be discontinued after achievement of LDA in patients with RA ...
Ahmed Hamada M M Sayed HM Rheumatology and Rehabilitation Department, Mansoura Faculty of Medicine, Mansoura University, Mansoura, Egypt, 35111. - - 2010
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients have increased mortality largely as a result of cardiovascular diseases (CVD) that cannot be explained by traditional risk factors, suggesting that systemic inflammation may accelerate atherosclerosis. We investigated the presence of subclinical atherosclerosis in early RA (<12 months) and the possible association of RA-related risk factors. ...
Kurita Noriaki - - 2010
Several cases of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) with myeloperoxidase-antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (MPO-ANCA)-associated crescentic glomerulonephritis (CrGN) have been reported. However, its clinical characteristics are not clear. We summarized 3 patients of concurrent RA and MPO-ANCA-associated CrGN, diagnosed in our hospital from 1992 to 2006, and compared their clinicopathological data with those of ...
Long Li - - 2011
The objective of this study was to search for proteomic patterns distinguishing patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) from healthy controls, biomarker candidates specific for early RA, and proteins reflecting disease activity, by profiling of serum proteins using magnetic bead-based (MB) separation and matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS). ...
Berjawi Ghina - - 2010
The objective of this study was to assess structural and functional abnormalities of the cricothyroid joint (CTJ) in patients with advanced rheumatoid arthritis (RA). A total of 19 subjects--11 patients with advanced RA and eight normal controls--were considered. All subjects underwent laryngeal endoscopy, acoustic analysis, and high-resolution computerized tomography (HRCT). ...
Turhanoğlu Ayşe Dicle - - 2011
We aimed to establish the relationship between serum vitamin D levels and disease activity and health status in rheumatoid arthritis. Sixty-five patients with RA fulfilling ACR criteria for the classification of rheumatoid arthritis and forty healthy controls were included in this study. Disease activity was assessed according to the Disease ...
Bayrak Ayse Oytun - - 2010
The aims of this study were to electrophysiologically evaluate polyneuropathy in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients and to examine the relationships among polyneuropathy and demographic, clinical and laboratory findings. Sixty consecutive patients (51 women and nine men) with a clinical diagnosis of RA were examined electrophysiologically for the evidence of polyneuropathy. ...
Wang Min - - 2011
To screen specific serum biomarker for ankylosing spondylitis (AS) using a phage random peptide library. A phage random peptide library of random peptide 12-mers was immunoscreened with purified immunoglobulin (Ig) G from sera of AS patients. Positive clones obtained after three rounds of biopanning were detected with ELISA and sequenced. ...
Koduri Gouri - - 2010
Pulmonary complications of RA are well described. Although some are benign, interstitial lung disease (ILD) has a poor prognosis. Few RA inception cohorts have reported the natural history of ILD related to RA (RA-ILD). We examine its incidence, outcome and prognostic indicators. Extra-articular features and comorbidity have been recorded yearly ...
Shidara Kumi - - 2010
Interstitial lung disease (ILD) is a frequently encountered and sometimes life-threatening complication among patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). In this study, we aim to clarify the incidence of and risk factors for ILD using a large observational cohort of RA patients. We analyzed the database from a large observational cohort ...
Hurkmans E J - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: A sufficient level of physical activity is important in reducing the impact of disease in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients. According to self-determination theory, the achievement and maintenance of physical activity is related to goal setting and ownership, which can be supported by health professionals. Our objective was to examine ...
Toms Tracey E - - 2010
Statins are widely prescribed in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Although statins offer overwhelming cardiovascular benefits, their use can be associated with the development of a statin-induced myopathy. Several factors increase the risk of developing statin-induced myopathy, including the single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) rs4149056, located within the gene encoding solute ...
Wojtecka-Lukasik E - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: Conventional physiotherapy (electrotherapy, magnetic fields), kinesitherapy, and whole-body cryotherapy (plus kinesitherapy) are used to relieve pain and inflammation or to improve function in rheumatic diseases. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of different physiotherapies and cryotherapy on biochemical blood parameters of patients with rheumatoid arthritis ...
Doshi Jalpa A - - 2010
To examine changes in utilization and expenditures for infliximab in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients associated with the 2 changes implemented by the Medicare Prescription Drug Improvement and Modernization Act (MMA) of 2003, specifically 1) reductions in physician reimbursement for Part B drugs between 2003 and 2005 and 2) availability of ...
Kanayama Yasuhide - - 2010
We evaluated radiographic change in the cervical lesions of 47 RA patients receiving continuous infliximab therapy for at least 1 year. Infliximab treatment had been initiated between November 2003 and December 2007. Patients who were progressive and non-progressive in terms of RA cervical lesions were compared. Matrix metalloproteinase 3 (MMP3) ...
Pieringer Herwig - - 2010
Premature atherosclerosis is linked to inflammation. Arterial stiffness is a marker of vascular dysfunction. We tested the hypothesis that treatment with infliximab, which is effective in reducing inflammation in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and ankylosing spondylitis (AS), also lowers the augmentation index (AIx) in patients with active disease. We also analyzed ...
Shio Kiori - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To measure concentrations of the thrombin-cleaved isoform of osteopontin (OPN) in urine and plasma of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), and to assess whether levels of thrombin-cleaved OPN are associated with measures of RA. METHODS: Subjects comprised 70 patients with RA, 20 patients with osteoarthritis (OA), and 46 healthy ...
Kavanaugh Arthur - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the correlation between the Disease Activity Score using a 28-joint count (DAS28) based on physician-derived joint counts and the DAS28 based on patient-derived joint counts (Pt-DAS28) in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: Data from a multicenter, open-label study investigating the immunogenicity of etanercept (ETN) were analyzed. ETN-naive patients ...
Dissick Addie - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Similarities exist in the epidemiology and immunopathogenesis of periodontitis and rheumatoid arthritis (RA), but the associations between their respective disease activities and severities are less well documented. We evaluated the prevalence and severity of periodontitis in United States (U.S.) veterans with RA and their relationship to RA disease activity ...
Wright Cynthia - - 2010
Ankylosing Spondylitis (AS) is a common, inflammatory rheumatic disease, which primarily affects the axial skeleton and is associated with sacroiliitis, uveitis and enthesitis. Unlike other autoimmune rheumatic diseases, such as rheumatoid arthritis or systemic lupus erythematosus, autoantibodies have not yet been reported to be a feature of AS. We therefore ...
Pyrpasopoulou Athina - - 2010
Rituximab is used to deplete B cells and control disease activity, mainly in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) who have not responded to anti-tumor necrosis factor (TNF) therapy. Response rates and time to relapse vary significantly among treated individuals. The objective of this study was to monitor the response of ...
Wada Yoko - - 2010
Anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic autoantibodies against bactericidal/permeability-increasing protein (BPI-ANCA) are known to be present in patients with cystic fibrosis, diffuse panbronchiolitis, and inflammatory bowel disease, especially in relation to chronic Gram-negative bacterial infection. To investigate the possible role of BPI-ANCA in rheumatoid arthritis (RA), we measured the serum titer of BPI-ANCA and ...
Yiu Kai-Hang - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) are prone to premature atherosclerosis. We hypothesize that depletion of circulating endothelial progenitor cells (EPC) related to RA can contribute to the development of atherosclerosis. METHODS: We studied coronary calcifications by multidetector computed tomography and their relationship with different subtypes of circulating EPC in ...
Suzuki Katsunori - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Tacrolimus, a calcineurin inhibitor, is used for treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). It also inhibits functions of P-glycoprotein, which is involved in drug resistance. We examined the mechanisms of early response to 2-week tacrolimus treatment in patients with RA. METHODS: One hundred thirteen patients with refractory RA despite at ...
Galarraga Bernat - - 2010
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is associated with increased cardiovascular (CV) mortality. Microvascular endothelial dysfunction occurs early in the development of CV disease and is worsened by inflammation. The effect of drug treatment for RA on microvascular function has been poorly studied. We assessed the effect of antirheumatic treatment on microvascular endothelial ...
Ozgonenel Levent - - 2010
Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is known to be involved in the pathogenesis of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). In order to elucidate the association between VEGF levels and RA disease activity, VEGF concentrations were measured in RA patients at different phases and severity levels. Thirty-eight healthy subjects and 40 patients with ...
Lee Sang Yeob - - 2012
Kaposi sarcoma (KS) is a vascular neoplasm mainly affecting the skin of the limbs that has previously been associated with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). When compared with the RA patients treated with corticosteroids and immunosuppressive drugs, the reported number of KS in RA patients was very rare. Although the exact mechanisms ...
Pappas Dimitrios A - - 2010
Lung involvement is a common extra-articular manifestation of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) that confers significant morbidity and mortality. The objective of the present study is to assess which respiratory symptoms and patient and disease characteristics are most highly associated with pulmonary function test (PFT) abnormalities in an RA patient cohort without ...
Yamanaka Hajime - - 2010
The present study was performed to evaluate the synovium in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) treated with anti-tumor necrosis factor alpha agents (anti-TNFalpha). Synovial tissue specimens were obtained during total knee arthroplasty (TKA) from 42 RA patients (12 men, 30 women). Twenty-one RA patients were given anti-TNFalpha agents (infliximab, n ...
Maciejewska-Rodrigues H - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To search for novel autoantibodies in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in an effort to better understand the processes of joint destruction in this disease. METHODS: Using a modified SEREX technique and complementary DNA derived from RA synovium, serpin E2 was identified as a novel autoantigen and was analyzed ...
Mamehara Akira - - 2010
Rheumatoid factor (RF), anti-citrullinated peptide antibody (ACPA), C-reactive protein (CRP), and erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) have been studied extensively as prognostic markers of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). However, despite the fact that matrix metalloproteinase-3 (MMP-3) is linked to RA activity, few studies have evaluated MMP-3 as prognostic marker. To evaluate the ...
Lee Young Ho - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The C677T and A1298C polymorphisms of the methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) gene have been reported to be associated with the toxicity and efficacy of methotrexate in rheumatoid arthritis (RA), although the results of previous studies have been inconsistent. The aim of this study was to explore whether the ...
Sahatçiu-Meka Vjollca - - 2010
In response to the continuing debate whether seronegative and seropositive rheumatoid arthritis (RA) are parts of the same disease spectrum or are distinct disorders, we performed a comparative analysis of some laboratory characteristics. The test group consisted of 125 seronegative RA(93 female, 32 male), with titers lower than 1/64 as ...
Tiercy Jean-Marie - - 2010
PURPOSE: Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada (VKH) disease and sympathetic ophthalmia (SO) are two distinct entities that share common clinical and histopathological features; however, it remains unknown whether they have a common genetic susceptibility. Several studies have shown an association of human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-DR4 with VKH disease in patients of different ethnic backgrounds. ...
Palomino-Morales R - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: To assess whether the polymorphism of the macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) gene at the position -173 is implicated in the disease susceptibility, risk of cardiovascular (CV) events and presence of subclinical atherosclerosis in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). PATIENTS AND METHODS: A series of 293 unselected patients fulfilling ...
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