Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 1848
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Ma N Hanim - - 2010
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients who have active disease with longer disease duration have been reported to have increased risk of cardiovascular events compared to the normal population. The primary aim of our study is to ascertain the prevalence of significant asymptomatic coronary artery disease (CAD) in Asian RA patients who ...
Katchamart Wanruchada - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To summarize the potential predictors of remission in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: We performed a systematic review of prognostic studies that identified the predictors of remission in RA patients. Studies were identified in Medline, EMBase, and the Cochrane Registry, and by hand search. We included only studies ...
Huang Chung-Ming - - 2012
This study examines whether or not MBD4 polymorphism is a marker for rheumatoid arthritis (RA) susceptibility or severity for Chinese patients in Taiwan. This study included 193 patients with RA, while 190 unrelated healthy individuals living in Central Taiwan served as controls. The relationship between MBD4 polymorphism and clinical manifestations ...
Hyrich Kimme L - - 2011
Anti-TNF therapy has significantly improved outcomes for patients with severe RA. In the UK, changing financial restrictions and increasing experience with their use may have resulted in changes to the way physicians use anti-TNF therapies. The aim of this analysis was to examine changes in disease characteristics and response rates ...
Ueda-Hayakawa Ikuko - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of anti-CCP antibodies (anti-CCP Abs) and to assess associations between the presence of anti-CCP Ab and arthritis or arthralgia in SSc patients. Serum samples were obtained from 146 SSc patients. Anti-CCP Ab, anti-agalactosyl (AG) IgG Ab, IgM-RF, IgG-RF and MMP-3 ...
Marcos Josefina - - 2011
The aim of the present study is to describe the general characteristics of a cohort of patients with early arthritis in Argentina. CONAART (Consorcio Argentino de Artritis Temprana--Argentine Consortium for Early Arthritis) is an initiative of seven rheumatology centres across Argentina. Patients were included if they had at least one ...
Conklyn Dwyer - - 2010
Few interventions have been successful in improving gait dysfunction in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). Rhythmic auditory stimulation (RAS) has demonstrated positive results on gait performance in other neurologically impaired populations. To measure the effects of RAS on quantitative walking parameters in ambulatory patients with MS. Ten MS patients with ...
de Rooy Diederik P C - - 2011
Objectives. In order to allow personalized medicine, adequate prediction of disease outcome is required. In early undifferentiated arthritis (UA), prediction of the development of RA is crucial, and in case of RA predicting the severity of the disease course may guide individualized treatment decisions. Methods. A total of 570 UA ...
Pedrazas Carlos Henrique Silva - - 2010
Low-dose methotrexate (MTX) is frequently used for patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). High doses of MTX frequently produce side effects. The aim of this study was to explore oral complications of low-dose MTX therapy in a population of RA patients. This is a cross-sectional study in which oral examination was ...
Aloush V - - 2010
To evaluate the expression of CCR3 receptors as well as CCR3 agonists, including eotaxin-2 and RANTES, among patients suffering from rheumatoid arthritis and healthy controls, as a possible pathogenetic mechanism in inflammatory joint disease. Twenty-two patients and 13 healthy controls were recruited and clinically evaluated. CCR3 expression on CD4+ lymphocytes ...
Ahmed Mohanad M - - 2010
CONTEXT: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) has a heterogeneous course, spanning from mild forms tending to remission and reacting well to treatment, to aggressive forms resistant to classical therapeutic measures. Reliable predictive parameters of the disease course in RA are needed. Raised levels of Rheumatoid Factors (RFs) are associated with RA and ...
Filippucci Emilio - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the interobserver reliability of ultrasonography (US) in the assessment of cartilage damage at metacarpophalangeal (MCP) joint level in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: US examinations were performed on 80 MCP joints of 20 patients with RA using a MyLab70 XVG (Esaote Biomedica, Genoa, Italy), equipped with ...
Peschken Christine A - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To describe differences in phenotype and outcomes in North American Native (NAN) patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) followed prospectively and compared to white patients with RA. METHODS: Patients from a single academic center were followed over 20 years using a custom database. Data included diagnoses, year of disease onset, ...
Kitahama Mariko - - 2010
The objective of this study was to assess the usefulness of tacrolimus (TAC) for rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients. The first 101 consecutive RA patients in whom TAC treatment was initiated were prospectively registered and their data analyzed. Clinical variables were extracted from the Institute of Rheumatology, Rheumatoid Arthritis (IORRA) database. ...
Magnusson Mattias - - 2010
Viruses may contribute to RA. This prompted us to monitor viral load and response to anti-CD20 therapy in RA patients. Blood and bone marrow from 35 RA patients were analysed for CMV, EBV, HSV-1, HSV-2, parvovirus B19 and polyomavirus using real-time PCR before and 3 months after rituximab (RTX) treatment ...
Conaghan Philip G PG Section of Musculoskeletal Disease, Chapel Allerton Hospital, Leeds, UK. - - 2010
Current UK management of RA initially employs conventional DMARDs, with biological therapy reserved for DMARD-resistant RA patients with persistently high 28-joint disease activity score (DAS-28). The aim of this study was to examine the effect on patient-reported function of persistently moderate DAS-28 despite modern step-up DMARD therapy in an early ...
Ferrante Elisabetta - - 2010
Thromboxane (TX) biosynthesis by platelets and other cells in response to inflammatory triggers may provide a link between chronic inflammatory disease and atherothrombosis in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). In this study, we investigated the determinants of TX biosynthesis in RA, with particular reference to enhanced oxidative stress, receptor for advanced glycation ...
Liao Say-Tsung - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to know the pathology associated with Baker's cyst (BC) in a rheumatology clinic and to evaluate the incidence, characteristics, and complications of BC. We reviewed the rheumatology ultrasound laboratory charts of patients with BC from Oct 2006 through Dec 2008. Demographic and disease data ...
Couderc Marion - - 2010
The risk of non-Hodgkin lymphoma is increased in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) but not in ankylosing spondylitis (AS). In RA, the degree of inflammation is closely associated with the lymphoma risk. Whether immunosuppressants such as methotrexate and TNFα antagonists affect the lymphoma risk in RA is unclear. The Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) ...
Silva S - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The peripheral deafferentation induced by regional anaesthesia (RA) results in misperception of size-shape (S) and posture (P) of the anesthetized limb. During RA, most patients seem to describe motionless 'phantom limbs' fixed in stereotyped illusory positions, suggesting that RA could unmask stable postural patterns. The question of whether movement ...
Fouque-Aubert Anne - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: A new high-resolution peripheral quantitative CT (HR-pQCT) system allows for in vivo assessment of bone microarchitecture and volumetric bone mineral density (vBMD) with an 82 microm isotropic resolution. With this device, the microarchitecture impairment was evaluated in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in comparison with healthy controls and measured ...
Zenmyo Michihisa - - 2010
To examine the radiological features of vertebral artery (VA) displacement/occlusion associated with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) spine using magnetic resonance angiography. Forty-seven RA patients with upper cervical lesions were evaluated for patency or abnormality of the VA by extracranial magnetic resonance angiography, with comparison of findings with those of 46 healthy ...
Liu Yan-ying - - 2010
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is characterized by inflammation of the synovial membrane, leading to invasion of synovial tissue into the adjacent cartilage matrix with degradation of articular cartilage and bone as a consequence. Dickkopf-1 (DKK-1) and osteoprotegerin (OPG) have been demonstrated to be key molecules involved in bone erosion and bone ...
Pietrapertosa Donatello - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The goal of our study was to evaluate the diagnostic performance of the anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide 2 (anti-CCP2) assay in patients with autoimmune and inflammatory disorders. METHODS: We tested the specificity and sensitivity of anti-CCP2 antibodies measured by ELISA in 787 patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), 1024 patients with ...
Ooka Seido - - 2010
To promote an understanding of autoimmunity in BD, we surveyed autoAgs in patients with BD and investigated the prevalence and clinical significance of the identified autoAbs. Specifically, proteins, extracted from peripheral blood mononuclear cells and separated by 2DE, were subjected to WB, using five serum samples from patients with BD. ...
Bongartz Tim T Rheumatology Department, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, Minnesota 55905, USA. - - 2010
Interstitial lung disease (ILD) has been recognized as an important comorbidity in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). We undertook the current study to assess incidence, predictors, and mortality of RA-associated ILD. We examined a population-based incidence cohort of patients with RA and a matched cohort of individuals without RA. All subjects were ...
Resmini E - - 2010
Exposure to chronic glucocorticoid (GC) excess determines changes in body composition. The aim of the study was to compare body composition in women exposed to endogenous hypercortisolism (Cushing's syndrome, CS), exogenous glucocorticoid treatment (rheumatoid arthritis, RA) and controls. Fifty-one CS women, 26 RA women treated with low-dose prednisone (5 mg/day ...
Christensen A F - - 2011
Surfactant protein D (SP-D) belongs to the collectin family and has pro-and anti-inflammatory capacities depending on its oligomerization. Previously, circulating SP-D was shown to be decreased in early rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and negatively correlated to disease activity. This study aimed at assessing the diurnal rhythmicity and the influence of physical ...
Habib Hisham M - - 2011
Pulmonary involvement in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is common and can be due to the disease itself as well as to the therapies used to treat it. The purpose of this study was to disclose the pulmonary involvement in early RA patients not more than 2 years disease duration using the computed ...
Katahira Masahito - - 2010
The contribution of the human leukocyte antigen (HLA) subtype to slow-onset type 1 diabetes (T1D), which includes latent autoimmune diabetes in adults (LADA), remains unclear in the Japanese population. We compared the frequencies of HLA DR-DQ haplotypes and genotypes of 72 acute-onset T1D patients, 100 slow-onset T1D patients, and 292 ...
Wang Youhua - - 2010
The aim of the study is to examine the expression and possible biological function of β1,4-galactosyltransferase-I (β1,4-GalT-I) in synovial tissue from rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients. Synovial tissue samples from twelve RA patients were stained for β1,4-GalT-I. Samples from seven patients with osteoarthritis (OA) and eight healthy people were obtained as ...
Pagnoux Christian - - 2010
Patients with antineutrophil cytoplasm antibodies (ANCA)-associated vasculitis (AASV) commonly suffer from arthralgias and, sometimes, polyarthritis during disease flares. Although rheumatoid factor (RF) can be detected in up to 37-50% of AASV patients, anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide (anti-CCP) antibodies are rare. Herein, we describe the clinical features of five P-ANCA-positive vasculitis patients, ...
McMahon Colm J - - 2010
The primary purpose was to determine the prevalence of renal artery stenosis (RAS) in patients presenting with acute ("flash") pulmonary oedema (FPE), without identifiable cause using contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance angiography (CE-MRA) of renal arteries. A secondary goal was to correlate clinical parameters at presentation with the presence or absence of ...
Kawashiri Shin-Ya - - 2012
A 68-year-old man, who was a patient with established rheumatoid arthritis (RA) with RA-associated interstitial lung disease (RA-ILD) and pulmonary emphysema, began taking tocilizumab. Subsequently, he developed dyspnea parallel to improvement of RA. At 10 months after the administration of tocilizumab, he was urgently admitted because of exacerbation of ILD. He ...
Perdigones Nieves - - 2010
Chromosomal region 5p13 includes regulatory elements of the prostaglandin receptor EP4 (PTGER4) gene and is associated with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) susceptibility. We aimed at corroborating the association of the PTGER4 risk variant in IBD. Given the proinflammatory activity of prostaglandin E(2) in rheumatoid arthritis (RA), the reduction in incidence ...
Secchiero Paola - - 2010
To assess the relationship between serum concentrations of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) and osteoprotegerin (OPG) and the therapeutic response to disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARD) in patients with early rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Circulating levels of TRAIL and its soluble receptor OPG were measured by ELISA in paired serum ...
Maillefert Jean-Francis - - 2010
To investigate potential predictors of response to conventional DMARDs in RA. Study design - 6-month follow-up prospective study. RA patients with active disease. INTERVENTION AND FOLLOW-UP: Introduction of one DMARD. Response to treatment evaluated at 6 months (ACR20 criteria). Potential predictors of response, patients' demographics, disease activity, percentages of PBMC ...
Klein Pinchas - - 2010
To evaluate the prevalence of Behçet's disease (BD) in a Druze community in Israel, we conducted a two-stage clinic-based survey in an Israeli Druze town. The first stage aimed to identify patients with recurrent aphthous stomatitis (RAS) in all patients who visited three of the largest clinics in the town ...
Kwasny-Krochin Beata - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Altered fibrin clot properties have been reported in cardiovascular diseases (CVD) and inflammatory states. Given increased prevalence of CVD in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), we investigated whether fibrin characteristics are also altered in RA patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We studied 46 consecutive RA patients versus 50 controls matched ...
Goeldner Isabela - - 2010
To evaluate the prevalence of anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide (anti-CCP) antibodies and RF in RA patients and their relatives from Southern Brazil. Anti-CCP2 and IgM-RF were evaluated in 156 RA patients and 200 relatives. Sera from 100 healthy unrelated individuals were used as control. The anti-CCP2 was detected by ELISA and ...
Nagasawa Hayato - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: We conducted a two-year prospective study to identify possible factors associated with normalisation of physical function by infliximab treatment in 125 patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: RA patients who had been scheduled to receive infliximab at 3 mg/kg were registered and prospectively examined for disease activity, joint damage, ...
Drouin Julie - - 2010
To determine through a systematic literature search the predictors of clinical response and radiographic progression in adult patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) treated with methotrexate (MTX) monotherapy. A systematic literature search using Medline, Embase, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, in May 2008, and review of abstracts of ...
Tishler Moshe - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: To make a comparison between the clinical data and the imaging results with 99mTc-nanocolloid scintigraphy in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients considered to be in remission. METHODS: Forty RA patients found to be in clinical remission according to the ACR and the EULAR (DAS28<2.6) criteria were studied. The group included ...
Watanabe Hiroshi - - 2010
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a systemic autoimmune disease that is characterized by chronic synovial inflammation. Patients with RA have increased risk of infection; this is related to RA itself or the adverse effects of medication. In this report, we describe a case of emphysematous pyelonephritis in a patient with RA ...
Göksel Karatepe Altinay - - 2010
AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate foot deformities in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), to detect frequency of deformities and to assess the relationship between foot deformities and foot functions. METHODS: Anteroposterior and lateral radiographs of 40 patients and 40 control subjects were studied. The hallux valgus ...
Haberhauer Guenther - - 2010
Anti-TNF agents like infliximab, etanercept and adalimumab are efficacious in the treatment of ankylosing spondylitis (AS), psoriatic arthritis (PsA) and rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Lack of efficacy, side effects and loss of efficacy over time may be reasons for switching to a second anti-TNF agent and sometimes switching to a third ...
Bridges S Louis SL Jr University of Alabama at Birmingham, Division of Clinical Immunology and Rheumatology, Birmingham, AL 35294-2182, USA. - - 2010
To describe radiographic changes in African Americans with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) from the Consortium for the Longitudinal Evaluations of African Americans with Early Rheumatoid Arthritis (CLEAR) Registry, a multicenter observational study. Self-declared African American patients were enrolled in CLEAR I, a longitudinal cohort of early RA (disease duration of <2 ...
Ahn Joong Kyong - - 2011
We sought to evaluate the frequency of cervical spine (C-spine) involvement, and associated risk factors for this disorder and its progression in Korean patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). From 1995 to 2008, we recruited patients with RA attending the rheumatology clinic of a single tertiary care hospital, and evaluated 1,120 ...
Daoussis Dimitrios - - 2011
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) associates with excess cardiovascular (CV) morbidity and mortality. New screening tools are needed to better identify patients at increased CV risk. Microalbuminuria (MA) has been shown to associate with inflammation and future cardiovascular disease (CVD). In the present study, we assessed the prevalence of MA in a ...
Montag K - - 2011
Aims: Our aim was to examine the spectrum of disease activity and usage of disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (DMARD) in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients seen over a period of 12 months in community-based rheumatology practice. Methods: Data were prospectively collected on 1059 consecutive RA patients who attended two private, community-based rheumatology clinics ...
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