Search Results
Results 551 - 600 of 1850
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Yamashita Misuzu - - 2008
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an autoimmune disorder characterized by progressive joint destruction that requires aggressive treatment using appropriate disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs). RA patients with renal failure, however, are intolerant to most DMARDs due to the potential toxicity. In Japan, tacrolimus was approved for the treatment of RA in 2005. ...
Syversen Silje W - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Prognosis in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is difficult to assess. The aim of this study was to examine whether serum levels of a spectrum of cytokines were predictive of radiographic progression in early RA patients. METHODS: A total of 82 early RA patients (disease duration < 1 year) were followed ...
Adi┼čen Esra - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Epidermal growth factor (EGF) in saliva is cytoprotective against injuries and contributes to the maintenance of the integrity of the gastrointestinal mucosa. Low salivary EGF levels have been observed in patients with various forms of oral mucosal disease. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to determine whether salivary EGF is low ...
Kageyama Y - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of anti-TNF-alpha antibody, infliximab, on oxidative stress markers representing DNA damage, lipid peroxidation, and glycoxidation. METHODS: Twenty-three RA patients underwent infliximab treatment and were analyzed for 30 weeks. Six patients who experienced side effects and one patient who had ...
Han Chenglong - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to estimate the prevalence of anaemia and its impact on healthcare utilisation in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: Patients with claims for moderate-to-severe RA (ICD-9 code 714.x) treated with disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs as well as controls without RA matched for age, gender ...
Coban Müge - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: Chronic urticaria (CU) is a common disease in which pathogenesis is unclear and which is resistant to therapy. Recent investigations have indicated that autoimmunity plays a role in nearly one third of CU patients. The present study aimed to investigate the relationship between human leukocyte antigen (HLA) class I ...
Ciftci Ozgur - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is associated with excessive cardiovascular mortality. Recently, some studies have shown endothelial dysfunction in RA patients with high inflammatory activity. In addition, it has been suggested that the chronic inflammatory state of RA contributes to accelerated atherosclerosis. Therefore, we aimed to evaluate whether coronary microvascular dysfunction ...
Götting Christian - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: Pseudoxanthoma elasticum (PXE) is a hereditary disorder predominantly affecting the skin, retina and vascular system. The aim of this study was to measure cell adhesion molecules in PXE patients. DESIGN AND METHODS: Soluble P-, E- and L-selectins were measured in 61 non-consanguineous PXE patients. The distribution of the variants ...
Jerram S - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: A discrepancy exists between the National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE) guidelines for continuation of TNF therapy in RA and EULAR response criteria. We performed a retrospective study of patients starting anti-TNF therapy to establish how many NICE non-responders would have met EULAR response criteria, and whether ...
Taniguchi Daigo - - 2008
Upper cervical involvement is common in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Anterior atlanto-axial subluxation (aAAS) sometimes occurs at an early stage of the disease. We hypothesized that not only antero-posterior instability but lateral instability may occur with atlanto-axial involvement in RA. To prove this hypothesis, we evaluated the lateral instability ...
Emery P P Academic Unit of Musculoskeletal Disease, Leeds University, Leeds LS7 4S, UK. - - 2008
Inflammation is the major factor driving the progression of structural damage in rheumatoid arthritis (RA); therefore, it is critical to achieve rapid suppression of inflammation to maximize disease control. The severity of inflammation and progression of joint damage varies from patient to patient. Some patients have the propensity to change ...
Guis Sandrine - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the -308 A/G tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFalpha) gene polymorphism can predict the outcome of etanercept therapy in 86 patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), as already observed in patients treated with infliximab. METHODS: Eighty-six RA patients treated with etanercept were genotyped for -308 A/G TNFalpha gene ...
Paraskevas Kosmas I - - 2008
The results of several cross-sectional trials suggest that patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) have increased vascular risk and cardiovascular mortality. It was demonstrated that inflammation plays a pivotal role in the pathogenesis of both RA and atherosclerosis. This association may explain the high incidence of cardiovascular disease in RA patients. ...
Lin Phoebe - - 2008
PURPOSE: To determine the clinical value of serological testing in patients with idiopathic scleritis. DESIGN: Retrospective case series. METHODS: Medical records of patients with scleritis seen at an institutional referral center over an 11-year period were reviewed. RESULTS: Of 119 patients with scleritis seen at the University of Illinois Uveitis ...
Cikota B M BM Institute for Medical Research, Military Medical Academy, Belgrade, Serbia. - - 2007
PCR analysis has been demonstrated as a valuable tool for detection of minimal residual disease (MRD) in lymphoid malignancies. However, the finding that patients with evidence of MRD sometimes remain in long-lasting remission directs further investigations toward biology of residual disease and/or quantification of MRD level. The study included 40 ...
Sekiguchi Yasunobu - - 2007
A 69-year-old male was diagnosed with rheumatoid arthritis(RA) in 1994. Good control of the RA activity had been obtained with sodium aurothiomalate (GST). However, polyarthritis reappeared in January 2003. He was examined at the Division of Rheumatology, Department of Internal Medicine, Saitama Social Insurance Hospital in August 2003. The treatment ...
Lin Yi-Chun - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Temporomandibular joint disorders (TMD) are not uncommon in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). However, the extent of involvement and its clinical relevance have not been well characterized. This study evaluated the correlation between the severity of RA-related TMD and RA, as well as determined the potential predictors for early ...
Keystone Edward - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To determine the safety and efficacy of additional courses of rituximab in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: An open-label extension analysis of RA patients previously treated with rituximab was conducted. Patients who had participated in any of 3 double-blind trials were eligible for additional courses (2 infusions of ...
van der Pouw Kraan T C - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The response of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients to treatment with neutralising antibodies to tumour necrosis factor alpha (TNFalpha) is highly variable. The underlying mechanism for therapy responsiveness is currently unknown. We therefore evaluated the relationship between baseline molecular profiles of synovial tissues from RA patients and the clinical response ...
Marchesoni Antonio - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: In 1999, the Italian Society of Rheumatology started a project to determine the prevalence and clinical characteristics of aggressive rheumatoid arthritis (ARA). METHODS: For 1 year, all patients with RA for > 5 years and referred to participating centers were entered in a registry and classified as having ARA ...
Westhoff Gisela - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between body mass index (BMI) and radiographic joint damage (using the Ratingen Score [RS]) in early rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: The study was carried out in 767 patients with early RA. Standard clinical data, RS, and BMI were evaluated at baseline and after 3 years. ...
Näring G W B - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Trauma and dissociation tend to be interrelated. The objective of this study was to examine the frequency of traumatic experiences and somatoform dissociation in patients with fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS) or rheumatoid arthritis (RA), two conditions that are both characterized by pain and disability. METHODS: Patients with a diagnosis of ...
Elzinga E H - - 2007
Previous positron emission tomography (PET) studies have shown increased 2-deoxy-2-[18F]fluoro-D-glucose (FDG) uptake in joints of patients with osteoarthritis (OA) and inflamed joints of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). This study compares FDG uptake in joints of RA and OA patients and FDG-uptake with clinical signs of inflammation. FDG-PET scans of ...
Leeb Burkhard F - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To determine if the Disease Activity Index including a 28-joint count (DAS28) is equally applicable for the total population with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: Five hundred fifty-seven outpatients with RA [432 women, 125 men; median age 64 yrs (range 0-85), median disease duration 48 mo (range 2-548)] were enrolled ...
Sugiura Tetsuro - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine the frequency and clinical correlates of asymptomatic pericardial effusion (PE) detected by echocardiography in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: Echocardiography and electrocardiography were performed in 87 consecutive patients with RA. Asymptomatic PE was correlated with electrocardiographic changes and laboratory findings. ...
van der Helm-van Mil A H M - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Obesity is a state of chronic low-grade inflammation that predisposes people to several diseases and that is increasingly prevalent. Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is marked by the presence of proinflammatory cytokines and, in general, the presence of high levels of inflammatory markers is associated with a severe disease course and ...
Park Sung-Hoon - - 2008
We describe the case of a 64-year-old female patient with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), who presented with lymphoproliferative disease (LPD) soon after the administration of etanercept, and regressed very shortly after the withdrawal of it. The occurrence was also associated with the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection. The case of our patient ...
Birtane Murat - - 2008
The purpose of this study was to investigate specifically the correlation of hand functions determined by Duruoz hand index (DHI) with radiological findings and disease activity in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients. Forty-eight RA patients were evaluated with DHI questionnaire, disease activity score (DAS) 28 and modified Larsen scoring method. Correlation ...
Korczowska Izabela - - 2008
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is frequently complicated by peri-articular and generalized osteoporosis due to increased bone resorption by activated osteoclasts. Pro-inflammatory cytokines, such as TNF-alpha, interleukin 1 (IL1), and interleukin 6 (IL6) are thought, among other factors, to be directly responsible for this extra-articular complication of RA. Glucocorticoids (GCS) commonly prescribed ...
Maury C P J - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate whether polymorphism of the mannose-binding lectin 2 (MBL2) gene is related to the occurrence of systemic AA amyloidosis in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: MBL2 structural gene polymorphisms at codon 52 (CGT-->TGT, Arg-->Cys; D), codon 54 (GGC-->GAC, Gly-->Asp; B) and ...
Scott David L - - 2007
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) varies over time in individual patients and there are marked differences between patients in its impact and progression. The course of RA is therefore unique to each individual patient and is affected by the overall pattern of disease; many patients have classical polyarticular disease but there is ...
Furuya Takefumi - - 2007
We examined associations between human leukocyte antigen DRB1 (HLA-DRB1) shared epitope (SE), receptor activator of nuclear factor-kappaB (RANK), RANK ligand (RANKL), osteoprotegerin (OPG), and interleukin 17 (IL-17) genotypes with age of disease onset and radiographic progression in Japanese patients with early rheumatoid arthritis (RA). HLA-DRB1 genotypes were evaluated in 123 ...
Tchetverikov I - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To analyse the effects of leflunomide and methotrexate treatment on matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) activity levels in alpha2 macroglobulin/MMP (alpha2M/MMP) complexes in the systemic circulation of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients. METHODS: A total of 102 RA patients from a prospective, double-blind, randomised clinical trial comparing leflunomide and methotrexate were selected; ...
Kinjo Mitsuyo - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Several studies suggest that bone mineral density (BMD) is reduced in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). However, it is unclear whether this relationship holds in a representative community-based typical RA population. We examined the relationship between BMD and RA in a representative US population-based sample from the Third National Health and ...
Solau-Gervais E - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To compare the activities of cathepsin B (EC 3.4.22.1) and L (EC 3.4.22.15), calpain (EC 3.4.22.17), and dipeptidyl peptidase (EC 3.4.14.5 or DPP IV or CD26) in synovial membrane from patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), osteoarthritis (OA), and post-traumatic joint injury (PT). METHODS: Forty RA patients were divided into ...
McAlpine Donald E DE Department of Psychiatry and Psychology, Mayo Clinic, 200 First Street SW, Rochester, MN 55905, USA. - - 2007
To determine whether the presence or absence of a fully functioning cytochrome P450 2D6 allele was associated with the dosage of the antidepressant drug venlafaxine in patients who had either adverse effects or absence of a therapeutic response to treatment with the immediate release or extended release form of venlafaxine. ...
Steinbeck Marla J MJ Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19107, USA. - - 2007
Osteoarthritis (OA) is a disabling condition in which multiple initiating events or conditions (heritable and nonheritable) result in eventual loss of articular cartilage. However, the etiology of OA remains poorly understood, and diagnosis of early disease is difficult due to the lack of specific identifiers. Recent literature suggests that a ...
Amital Howard - - 2007
This article analyzes the serum cytokine profile of a nonrandomized group of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and psoriatic arthritis (PsA) who are destined to be treated with infliximab following failure after failure of different disease-modifiying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs). Serial serum samples were collected from 11 patients with refractory RA, ...
Hsu Jong-Hau - - 2007
In patients who require a permanent central venous catheter (PCVC), the usual aim is to put the catheter tip at the superior vena cava and right atrium (SVC-RA) junction. However, there is no study regarding how to guide the positioning of the catheter tip when the SVC-RA junction cannot be ...
Weir Matthew R - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The renin-angiotensin system (RAS) is a major regulator of blood pressure (BP) and vascular response to injury. There is increasing evidence that RAS inhibition may provide end-organ protection independent of BP lowering. Two drug classes directly target angiotensin II through complementary mechanisms. Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors block the conversion ...
Nakamura Satoko - - 2007
We previously showed that renal artery stenosis (RAS) was commonly found in patients with cardiovascular disease (CVD) such as myocardial infarction, stroke, or abdominal aneurysm. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the incidence and risk factors for RAS in patients with severe carotid artery stenosis (CAS) considered ...
Rozelle A L - - 2007
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a prevalent systemic disease that causes significant joint dysfunction and disability. Dramatic improvements in the management of RA have been achieved with the use of biologic therapies aimed at cytokines, and B and T lymphocytes. Abatacept, a soluble receptor-IgG fusion protein that interferes with T-cell co-stimulation, ...
Al-Awadhi A M - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: Some reports in the literature suggest that cardiac troponin-I (cTnI) is falsely elevated in patients with seropositive rheumatoid arthritis (RA) because of the presence of rheumatoid factor (RF). But, there are no reports in the literature on cTnI concentrations in other autoimmune diseases. We therefore decided to measure the ...
Metafratzi Z M - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To assess the pleuropulmonary changes in patients with early rheumatoid arthritis (RA), using high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT). METHODS: Forty-three non-smoking patients with early RA were included. The disease duration was<1 year, without previous treatment. Disease activity was assessed using the 28-joint indices score (DAS28). Hand and wrist X-rays were ...
Klimiuk P A - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to analyse serum concentrations of soluble cell adhesion molecules (CAMs) in patients with early rheumatoid arthritis (RA) before and after 6 months of treatment with methotrexate (MTX). METHODS: We studied 32 RA patients, untreated with disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (DMARDs) or corticosteroids, with disease ...
Meune Christophe - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To determine the sensitivity and accuracy of tissue-Doppler echocardiography (TDE) to assess myocardial contractility. Heart failure is one of the determinants of the excess in mortality in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: Consecutive RA patients with normal clinical cardiac examination were prospectively included and compared to 27 controls. ...
Labropoulos Nicos - - 2007
This study was conducted to determine the prevalence of renal artery stenosis (RAS) among patients referred to a vascular laboratory in a university hospital, to identify those who are possible candidates for revascularization, and to determine the prevalence of other pathologies incidentally detected. Consecutive patients referred to our laboratory for ...
Abou-Raya S - - 2008
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA), periodontal disease (PD), and coronary artery disease (CAD) are common chronic inflammatory diseases. RA is associated with accelerated vascular risk resulting in an increased prevalence of CAD with attendant early mortality and excess morbidity. RA and PD have a common pathobiology. Accordingly, the aim of this study ...
Gengenbacher M - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effects of infliximab on bone resorption by osteoclast precursor cells (OCPs) in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and ankylosing spondylitis (AS) and to compare the results with changes in disease activity. METHODS: Before and during 24 weeks of infliximab treatment, peripheral blood mononuclear cells of 9 ...
Mor A - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: Reactivation of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (TB) is a significant problem with all available tumour necrosis factor (TNF) antagonists when used to treat rheumatoid arthritis (RA), psoriatic arthritis, psoriasis and other inflammatory diseases. Concerns have been raised regarding the appropriate management of patients with latent TB (LTB) exposure (or active TB ...
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