Search Results
Results 501 - 550 of 1857
< 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 >
Moses Alder N - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Current tools for assessing Behçet's syndrome (BS) do not include patient-reported outcomes such as functional disability, pain or fatigue. We examined various outcome measures using the multi-dimensional Health Assessment Questionnaire (MDHAQ) and compared them between BS patients with and without arthritis. We also compared the results to those for ...
Chung Cecilia P - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Insulin resistance is increased by inflammation, but the mechanisms are unclear. The present study was undertaken to test the hypothesis that decreased insulin sensitivity is differentially associated with mediators of inflammation by studying 2 chronic inflammatory diseases of different pathogenesis, systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: ...
Suliman Ahmed - - 2008
We evaluated whether there was a clinical outcome benefit in patients incidentally discovered to have high-grade renal artery stenosis (RAS) and treated with percutaneous transluminal renal angioplasty and stenting (PTRAS) at the time of angiogram for another indicated procedure. A retrospective chart review was performed on all patients undergoing renal ...
Arora Rohit R - - 2008
Cardiovascular autonomic neuropathy (CAN) is a disorder of progressive autonomic dysfunction (AD) associated with diabetes and other chronic diseases. Orthostatic hypotension (OH) is one of the most incapacitating symptoms of CAN and AD. AD in OH can include sympathetic withdrawal (SW). To detect and diagnose SW, parasympathetic and sympathetic changes ...
Mori Shunsuke - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To identify the predominant radiological abnormalities in the lungs of patients with early rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and in those with longstanding RA. METHODS: We performed high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) on a total of 126 patients with early RA (n = 65) and longstanding RA (n = 61). The most ...
Knudsen Lene S - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To determine plasma interleukin 6 (pIL-6), plasma vascular endothelial growth factor (pVEGF), and serum (s) YKL-40 in patients with early rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and unclassified polyarthritis (PA), and investigate their relationship with radiographic outcome. METHODS: pIL-6 and pVEGF were determined by ELISA and sYKL-40 by an in-house radioimmunoassay in ...
Chen Der-Yuan - - 2008
To investigate QuantiFERON-tuberculosis Gold (QFT-G) assay and tuberculin skin test (TST) for latent tuberculosis (TB) infection (LTBI) in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) treated with adalimumab. We prospectively followed up 43 RA patients who received adalimumab therapy and underwent serial TSTs and QFT-G assays. TST was performed using Mantoux method ...
Vaahtovuo Jussi - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To compare the composition of intestinal microbiota of patients with early rheumatoid arthritis (RA) or fibromyalgia (FM), fecal samples were collected from 51 patients with RA and 50 with FM. METHODS: RA patients fulfilled the RA criteria of the American College of Rheumatology, and duration of their disease was ...
Turner Deborah E - - 2008
PURPOSE: Foot deformity is a well-recognised impairment in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) which results in functional disability. Deformity can occur at the rearfoot, midfoot, forefoot or in combination and the impact that site-specific foot deformities has on functional disability is largely unknown. The aim of this study was to ...
Grijalva C G - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To examine changes in patterns of medication utilization in patients with RA. METHODS: Data from Tennessee Medicaid (TennCare) databases (1995-2004) were used to identify adults with both a diagnosis of RA and at least one DMARD prescription each year. Annual age-specific utilization of DMARDs, glucocorticoids, NSAIDs and narcotics was ...
Cañete J D - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical significance of lymphoid neogenesis (LN) in rheumatoid arthritis (RA), the clinicopathological correlates of this process and its evolution after anti-tumour necrosis factor (TNF)alpha therapy in a large series of synovial tissues were analysed. METHODS: Arthroscopic synovial biopsies from 86 patients with RA were analysed by ...
Song Eun Young - - 2008
Although association of human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-DR2 (DRB1*1501) with susceptibility to aplastic anemia (AA) has been well documented in several different ethnic groups, little is known about the protective role of HLA in this disease. HLA-DRB1 alleles were analyzed in 109 Korean AA patients (26 nonsevere and 83 severe) and ...
Marotte Hubert - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFalpha) -308A polymorphism has been associated with high production of TNFalpha and poor response to anti-TNFalpha therapy, but these associations remain controversial. The aim of this study was to explore the association between circulating TNFalpha bioactivity, the TNFalpha -308 polymorphism, and the clinical response ...
Nesher G - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Giant cell arteritis (GCA) has a variable course. We assessed whether intensity of initial systemic inflammatory response (ISIR) can predict the course of GCA. METHODS: Charts of 130 GCA patients were reviewed. ISIR intensity at presentation was determined by 5 parameters of inflammation: sedimentation rate >100 mm/h, thrombocytosis >400,000/microl, ...
Koivuniemi R - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To study amyloidosis as a cause of death along with associated factors and frequency of pre-mortem diagnosis in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) autopsied between 1952 and 1991. METHODS: We studied causes of death in 369 consecutively autopsied RA and 370 autopsied non-RA patients of the same sex, age ...
Dieguez-Gonzalez Rebeca - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Previous studies have shown either a lack of effect of IRF5 polymorphisms or an association of the IRF5 gene in only a minor subset of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients in whom anti-citrullinated protein antibodies (ACPAs) are absent. The present study was undertaken to investigate the role of genetic variation ...
Gonnet-Gracia C - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To investigate autoantibody induction in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and ankylosing spondylitis (AS) in a cohort of French patients treated with TNF-alpha blockers. METHODS: We tested the serum of patients for antinuclear antibodies (ANA), anti-DNA antibodies and C4 complement at baseline, and for each infusion for infliximab, and at month ...
Park M-C - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To determine serum concentrations of bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) in patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS) and to investigate their relationship to disease activity, spinal dysmobility, and spinal damage. METHODS: Serum samples from 40 AS patients, 40 rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients, and 40 healthy subjects were obtained, and serum BMP-2, ...
Immonen Kai - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To assess the incidence and outcome of renal replacement therapy (RRT) among patients with amyloidosis associated with inflammatory rheumatic diseases. METHODS: Patients with amyloidosis entering RRT from 1987 to 2002 were identified from the Finnish Registry for Kidney Diseases. Five hundred two patients were identified, 80% of whom had ...
Yuen Sai Yan - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To investigate if subjects with scleroderma (systemic sclerosis, SSc) have increased risk for developing osteoporosis (OP). METHODS: A survey assessing demographics, diagnosis/investigations for OP, and risk factors for OP was mailed to 129 patients with SSc, 158 controls with noninflammatory musculoskeletal (MSK) disease, and 230 positive controls with rheumatoid ...
Immonen Kai - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To assess the incidence and outcome of renal replacement therapy (RRT) among patients with amyloidosis associated with inflammatory rheumatic diseases. METHODS: Patients with amyloidosis entering RRT from 1987 to 2002 were identified from the Finnish Registry for Kidney Diseases. Five hundred two patients were identified, 80% of whom had ...
Han Chenglong - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To compare employability between patients with early and long-standing rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and examine the relationships between improvement in employability and disease stage after adjustment for demographic characteristics, disease activity, physical functioning, and response to therapy. METHODS: We evaluated the employability data from 2 double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled studies of ...
Powell Anne - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of palindromic rheumatism (PR) compared to new-onset rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: We reviewed 145 patients that had been newly diagnosed by a rheumatologist with either RA or PR between May 2004 and May 2006. RESULTS: Of these 145 patients, 51 were diagnosed with PR and ...
Cefle K - - 2009
AIMS: We aimed to evaluate the frequency of consanguinity among the parents of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and the influence of parental consanguinity on several clinical and laboratory parameters which reflect the severity of the disease. METHODS AND PATIENTS: The study population consisted of 265 patients with RA which ...
Kisacik Bunyamin - - 2008
AIMS: The aim of this retrospective study was to investigate the correlation between MPV and the clinical disease activity indices of rheumatoid arthritis and ankylosing spondylitis. METHODS: The study consisted of 32 active RA patients (males/females: 7/25, mean age: 49+/-13) and 30 active AS patients (males/females: 15/15, mean age: 36+/-12) ...
Alcoceba M - - 2008
The human leukocyte antigen (HLA) system could play an essential role in multiple myeloma (MM) disease control. This report describes the results comparing HLA-DRB1 phenotypic frequencies in 181 MM patients (53 smoldering/indolent MM and 128 symptomatic MM patients) and healthy individuals. Higher DRB1*01 phenotypic frequencies were found in the smoldering ...
Dhawan Saurabh S - - 2008
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic systemic inflammatory disease affecting approximately 1% of the adult general population. Cardiovascular disease is recognized as the leading cause of death in RA patients, accounting for nearly 40% of their mortality. Patients with RA are at a twofold increased risk for myocardial infarction and ...
Zonana-Nacach Abraham - - 2008
PURPOSE: To assess the frequency and factors associated with metabolic syndrome in adult female patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). METHODS: During January and June 2006, 192 consecutive adult female patients seen during their scheduled appointment at the out-patient rheumatology clinic and meeting the American College ...
Noble Janelle A - - 2008
Patients with high-risk human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-DR-DQ genotypes for type 1 diabetes (T1D) were compared with HLA-matched controls to evaluate T1D risk for other HLA loci, including HLA-A, -B, -Cw, and DPB1. Patients (n = 133) with high-risk genotypes (DR3/DR3, DR3/DR4, DR4/DR4) were selected from the Lazio (Rome) region of ...
van der Bijl Arie E - - 2008
This prospective open-label pilot study evaluated the effectiveness and safety of adalimumab and the relationship to antibodies against infliximab (IFX) in adult patients with active rheumatoid arthritis (RA) who had been treated previously with IFX and experienced treatment failure owing to lack or loss of response or intolerance. Patients self-administered ...
Narváez José Antonio - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the frequency and clinical significance of bone marrow edema (BME) in a series of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and symptomatic involvement of the cervical spine. METHODS: We studied 19 consecutive RA patients with cervical spine magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) according to a specifically designed protocol that ...
Banerjee Subhash - - 2008
In men with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), the confounding effect of adverse cardiovascular risk profile on the independent association of RA disease activity score (DAS) and major adverse cardiovascular events (MACEs) continues to be debated. The aim was to analyze the association of RA DAS with MACEs in a prospective cohort ...
Hanta Ismail - - 2008
It is recommended to evaluate the presence of latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) before initiating antitumor necrosis factor alpha (anti-TNF) therapy for rheumatologic diseases. We aimed to present the follow-up results of 192 patients with rheumatologic diseases before anti-TNF therapy for LTBI. We enrolled 192 patients who were given anti-TNF therapy ...
B Movahedian; Assistant Professor, ...
Introduction: There are various reports regarding the frequency of Temporomandibular joint (TMJ)involvement in Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA). Manifestations of TMJ involvement, which was investigatedin this study, are: joint pain and sounds, muscles tenderness, morning stiffness, decreased force bite,and radiographic changes.Methods and Materials: 80 RA patients and 80 normal persons were included ...
Vandooren Bernard - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Spondylarthritis (SpA) and rheumatoid arthritis (RA) have different patterns of bone damage, with more pronounced bone erosions in RA. The RANK/RANKL/osteoprotegerin (OPG) system plays a central role in bone resorption by promoting the maturation and activation of osteoclasts. To assess the potential role of this system in the distinct ...
Holm Bente - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to translate the German Keitel Functional Test (KFT) into Danish and test it for reliability, concurrent and predictive validity, and responsiveness in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: Translation of the KFT was performed according to international recommendations, and the translated ...
Kanbe Katsuaki - - 2008
To investigate the histological changes of synovium in cases of effect attenuation occurring after the use of infliximab in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA), we histologically assessed synovial tissue from ten methotrexate-treated RA patients and 12 infliximab-treated RA patients after arthroscopic synovectomy. The synovium was observed using hematoxylin and ...
Papadopoulos Nikolaos G - - 2008
This study aims to investigate the association of the presence and of the titer of autoantibodies against cyclic citrullinated peptides (aCCP), with clinical manifestations and disease activity in a cohort of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). From January 2000 through December 2005, 135 patients were diagnosed with RA at the ...
Villani Edoardo - - 2008
PURPOSE: To analyze the in vivo morphology of corneal cells and nerves in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), with or without secondary Sjögren's syndrome (SSII), and to investigate the correlations between corneal alterations and RA activity. METHODS: Fifty patients with RA and 30 age- and gender-matched control subjects were studied. ...
Lorenzi Alice R AR Newcastle University, Newcastle-upon-Tyne, - - 2008
To assess immunologically relevant outcomes in a cohort of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients with prolonged therapy-induced lymphopenia. Morbidity (infection or malignancy) and mortality were assessed in 53 RA patients who were treated with the lymphocytotoxic monoclonal antibody alemtuzumab between 1991 and 1994. Data were obtained by interview, medical record review, ...
Crawford Charles H CH - - 2008
Although outcomes after cervical fusion in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients are widely published, outcomes of lumbar fusion in RA patients has not been reported. Nineteen patients with RA, identified using ICD-9 and CPT codes, who underwent instrumented posterolateral lumbar fusion were matched for age, gender, smoking status, date, and level ...
Gochuico Bernadette R - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Early detection and treatment for interstitial lung disease (ILD) in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) may ameliorate disease progression. The objective of this study was to identify asymptomatic lung disease and potential therapeutic targets in patients having RA and preclinical ILD (RA-ILD). METHODS: Sixty-four adults with RA and 10 ...
Vaglio A - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: Chronic periaortitis (CP) is a rare disease with a potentially immune-mediated pathogenesis. The study aims to report the frequency and the clinical characteristics of peripheral inflammatory arthritis in a cohort of CP patients, and to review the literature regarding the association between arthritis and CP. METHODS: Forty-nine consecutive CP ...
Yazici Dilek - - 2008
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is associated with increased cardiovascular mortality. However, cardiovascular findings are mostly subtle, and diastolic function abnormalities are one of the earliest manifestations. The aim of this study was to determine diastolic function abnormalities in RA patients and to make a reevaluation of diastolic function after 5 years ...
Georgiadis Athanasios N - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To investigate subclinical atherosclerosis and the effect of treatment in patients with early rheumatoid arthritis (RA). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Forty patients with early RA who met the revised American College of Rheumatology (ACR) criteria and disease duration of <1 year were included in the study. Smokers and patients with ...
Schneeberger Emilce - - 2008
The objective of our study was to determine the frequency of anti-Ro antibodies in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), their clinical significance and possible serologic and genetic associations. Consecutive patients with RA (ACR '87) were studied. Other connective tissues diseases were excluded. Demographic characteristics, extra articular manifestations, and treatment were ...
Söderlin M K - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To study prescription patterns of biological treatment in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients in southern Sweden, a region with no formal or economic restrictions for the use of biological treatment in rheumatological diseases. Specifically, we studied conformity with the national Swedish guidelines for biologics in RA. METHODS: Rheumatologists in southern ...
Han Chenglong - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to estimate the prevalence of anaemia and its impact on healthcare utilisation in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: Patients with claims for moderate-to-severe RA (ICD-9 code 714.x) treated with disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs as well as controls without RA matched for age, gender ...
Adi┼čen Esra - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Epidermal growth factor (EGF) in saliva is cytoprotective against injuries and contributes to the maintenance of the integrity of the gastrointestinal mucosa. Low salivary EGF levels have been observed in patients with various forms of oral mucosal disease. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to determine whether salivary EGF is low ...
Coban Müge - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: Chronic urticaria (CU) is a common disease in which pathogenesis is unclear and which is resistant to therapy. Recent investigations have indicated that autoimmunity plays a role in nearly one third of CU patients. The present study aimed to investigate the relationship between human leukocyte antigen (HLA) class I ...
< 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 >