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Yashima Yoko - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Obesity plays an important role in acute pancreatitis. Assuming that the volume of visceral adipose tissue (VAT) directly influences the severity of acute pancreatitis, we investigated the relationship between VAT and acute pancreatitis. METHODS: Data were collected consecutively from 124 patients who were diagnosed with acute pancreatitis. Body mass ...
Meining Alexander - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Because of the low sensitivity of current ERCP-guided tissue sampling methods, management of patients with indeterminate pancreaticobiliary strictures is a challenge. Probe-based confocal laser endomicroscopy (pCLE) enables real-time microscopic visualization of strictures during an ongoing ERCP. OBJECTIVE: To document the utility, performance, and accuracy of real-time pCLE diagnosis compared ...
Rosso Charlotte - - 2011
INTRODUCTION: The clinical efficacy of thrombolysis in stroke patients is explained by the increased rate of recanalization, which limits infarct growth. However, the efficacy could also be explained by the protection of specific sites of the brain. Here, we investigate where is this outcome-related tissue at risk using voxel-based analysis. ...
Fini Giuseppina - - 2011
As part of the trauma of the upper third of the massive face, the fronto-orbito-zygomatic arch is the most frequent and is often associated with eyelid involvement. From 2001 to 2008, 135 patients with fronto-orbital eyelid complex alterations occurred at our center; the patients were included in clinical follow-ups until ...
Kumar Monisha A - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Obesity has been associated with compromised tissue oxygenation and reduced organ perfusion. The brain is critically dependent on oxygen delivery, and reduced brain tissue oxygen tension (P(bt)O(2)) may result in poor outcome after brain injury. We tested the hypothesis that obesity is associated with compromised P(bt)O(2) after severe brain ...
Go Heounjeong - - 2011
Abstract We investigated six new cases of primary thymic extranodal marginal zone B-cell lymphoma of mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) to further characterize the clinicopathological and genetic features. The male to female ratio was 1:1. One female patient had suffered from systemic lupus erythematosus. Another female patient was diagnosed with rheumatoid ...
Torigoe Tsukasa - - 2011
In infants, acute mitral regurgitation resulting from ruptured chordae tendineae is very rare, but often fatal. There are a few case reports, but the characteristics and etiology of chordae tendineae rupture have not been elucidated. Our aim was to determine the clinical characteristics of idiopathic acute mitral regurgitation due to ...
Levi Irit Mor-Yosef - - 2011
Transjugular kidney biopsy (TJKB) was first described in 1990. Indications for TJKB include uncorrectable bleeding disorders and conditions precluding the prone position. To describe our initial experience with TJKB. Between February 2008 and December 2009 all patients in whom percutaneous biopsy was contraindicated or unsuccessful underwent image-guided TJKB using a ...
Löfström Björn - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: Patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) have an increased risk of diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL). The cytokine A PRoliferating-Inducing Ligand (APRIL) is strongly expressed in DLBCL in the general population and is detected in high concentrations in sera from subgroups of patients with ...
Wagieh Shereen M - - 2011
To assess the impact of histopathology of non-neoplastic thyroid tissue on ablation outcome in patients with papillary thyroid cancer (PTC). The study included 124 patients referred for I-131 ablation therapy after total thyroidectomy for unifocal nonmetastatic PTC. All patients received 100 mCi of I-131 ablation dose. Follow-up whole body scan ...
Villemagne Victor L VL Department of Nuclear Medicine, Centre for Positron Emission Tomography, Austin Hospital, Austin Health, Heidelber, Australia. - - 2011
To assess the diagnostic potential of imaging striatal monoaminergic terminal integrity with the vesicular monoamine transporter type 2 (VMAT2) radioligand (18)F 9-fluropropyl-(+)-dihydrotetrabenazine ([(18)F]AV-133) and positron emission tomography to distinguish dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) from Alzheimer disease (AD). Nine patients with DLB, 10 patients with AD, 20 patients with Parkinson ...
Trbojević-Stanković Jasna - - 2011
During peritoneal dialysis (PD) an exchange of substances between blood and dialysate takes place through specific histological structures of peritoneum. Peritoneal double-layered serous membrane has, so far, mostly been studied with electron microscopy on experimental animals. The aim of this study was to assess integrity of peritoneal tissue in end-stage ...
Yayli S - - 2011
Background:  Bullous pemphigoid (BP) is an autoimmune subepidermal blistering disease of the skin associated with IgG autoantibodies to BP180 and BP230, while mucous membrane pemphigoid (MMP) comprises a heterogeneous group of autoimmune blistering diseases characterized by a predominant mucous membrane involvement and scarring tendency and associated with an autoantibody response ...
Balci Yasemin Isik - - 2011
Cardiac complications are the leading cause of death in β-thalassemia major (TM) patients. The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of iron overload on ventricular functions using conventional and tissue Doppler imaging (TDI) in patients with TM and compare them with children with thalassemia trait (TT) and ...
Moinzadeh Pia - - 2011
Background:  Fibrosis is characterized by an excessive accumulation of connective tissue because of an imbalance between synthesis and degradation of extracellular matrix proteins. Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is a prototypic chronic inflammatory disease leading to a severe fibrosis of the skin and many internal organs. Questions Addressed:  We investigated whether serum ...
Durrani Omar - - 2011
Objectives. The initiating cause of Behçet's disease (BD) is unknown, but an aberrant response to infection has been suggested. In this study, single nucleotide polymorphisms in Toll-like receptors (TLRs) and associated molecules that have a sentinel function at mucosal surfaces were analysed in patients with BD. Methods. TLR expression was ...
Garcia-Roig Michael - - 2011
PURPOSE: This study aimed to identify non-neoplastic pathologic changes in partial nephrectomy specimens of patients without a known history of medical comorbidities. Routine analysis of this tissue may allow the clinician to identify subclinical renal disease. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed our database of patients who underwent open partial nephrectomy for ...
Delouya Guila - - 2011
PURPOSE: To analyze the influence of body mass index (BMI) and adipose tissue distribution on prostate-specific antigen (PSA) bounce after iodine-125 prostate brachytherapy. METHODS AND MATERIALS: We studied 20 patients who had PSA bounce (≥0.50ng/mL) after exclusive prostate brachytherapy. These patients were compared with 48 patients without a bounce (<0.50ng/mL). ...
Oh Hoon-Kyu - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To identify the risk factors associated with inadvertent follicular loss during laparoscopic cystectomy for endometrioma. METHODS: Between April 2008 and April 2010, 114 patients who underwent laparoscopic cystectomy for endometrioma were enrolled in the study. Clinical data were collected, together with a retrospective review of medical records. Ovarian follicular ...
Kitaoka Hiroaki - - 2011
BACKGROUND: In addition to sudden death, heart failure and stroke due to atrial fibrillation are important in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). The aim of the present study was to determine whether Doppler tissue imaging findings and plasma B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) levels, which are widely used for risk stratification ...
Dolak W - - 2011
Mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma is thought to be a multifocal disease with sometimes synchronous involvement of various mucosal structures. In this study we aimed to evaluate the potential involvement of the small bowel in patients suffering from gastric MALT lymphoma by analyzing the results of enteroscopy, a technique that ...
Mayevsky Avraham - - 2011
The involvement of mitochondria in pathological states, such as neurodegenerative diseases, sepsis, stroke, and cancer, are well documented. Monitoring of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NADH) fluorescence in vivo as an intracellular oxygen indicator was established in 1950 to 1970 by Britton Chance and collaborators. We use a multiparametric monitoring system enabling ...
Ghanem Asaad A - - 2011
Purpose: To investigate the aqueous humor levels of connective tissue growth factor (CTGF), matrix metalloprotinease-2 (MMP-2), and tissue inhibitor of matrix metalloprotinease-2 (TIMP-2) in human eyes with exfoliative glaucoma, primary open-angle glaucoma, and senile cataract patients. Patients and Methods: This was a prospective, comparative study. Sixty patients with glaucomas and ...
Lim C Y - - 2011
Lymphedema is swelling of soft tissues by accumulation of lymphatic fluid due to failure of the lymphatic drainage system. Although most measures for lymphedema focus on change of volume or size of the extremity, the physical properties of the tissue such as resistance to compression are also of clinical importance ...
Hirooka Masashi - - 2011
Transient elastography is a rapid, noninvasive, and reproducible approach to assessment of liver fibrosis by measurement of liver elasticity. However, transient elastographic measurements are of limited utility in patients with ascites or severe obesity. The aim of this study was to determine whether measurements of liver stiffness with real-time tissue ...
Mansour Abbas Ali - - 2011
High prevalence rates of coeliac disease (CD) in patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) have been reported. The aim of this study was to evaluate the frequency of silent CD in a sample of Iraqi patients with T1DM. This is a cross-sectional study done in Baghdad Teaching Hospital, Baghdad ...
Ugnon-Café S - - 2011
Transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (TSEs) are characterised by accumulation of an abnormal isoform of prion protein (PrP(sc)), mainly in the brain but also in various peripheral tissues. Home-made assays consisting of non-standardised protocols are used currently for laboratory diagnosis of human TSE. The purpose of the present study was to test ...
Erhayiem Bara - - 2011
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Fat wrapping and mesenteric hypertrophy are characteristics of Crohn's disease (CD). In patients with CD, mesenteric adipose tissue releases higher levels of adiponectin, which could up-regulate production of tumor necrosis factor-α and increase the risk for aggressive disease. We investigated whether a higher ratio of visceral to ...
Vij Rekha - - 2011
Patients with interstitial lung disease (ILD) may have features of an autoimmune disorder that do not meet the diagnostic criteria for connective tissue diseases. We determined the prevalence and characteristics of autoimmune-featured ILD (AIF-ILD) and compared these with those of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) and known connective tissue disease-related ILD ...
Ekmekçi Perihan - - 2011
Although hypersensitivity reactions secondary to recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rtPA) are rarely encountered, they may have important consequences. In this case presentation, oropharyngeal angioneurotic edema due to rtPA following pulmonary thromboembolism is presented. On the 4th hour of initiation of treatment, throat pain, laryngeal stridor and expansive edema in the ...
e Silva Evandro de Moraes Ede - - 2011
To compare the amount of the dermatan sulfate glycosaminoglycan between male patients with Nyhus type II inguinal hernias and subjects without inguinal hernia, aged between 20 and 40 years. Two groups were formed: One with 15 male patients with Nyhus type II inguinal hernia and aged between 20 and 40 ...
Zheng Xiaozhi - - 2011
Tissue velocity imaging (TVI) and strain rate imaging (SRI) were recently introduced to quantify myocardial mechanical activity in patients receiving cardiac resynchronization therapy. To clear whether atrial-demand-based (AAI) (R) atrial pacing can fully simulate the electromechanical conduction of physiological state and to clarify which one is more appropriate for the ...
Kim Jong Woo - - 2011
: To retrospectively analyze computed tomography (CT) and clinical findings of patients with subcutaneous panniculitis-like T-cell lymphoma (SPTCL). : The CT findings were retrospectively assessed in 8 patients (6 men, 2 women; age range, 23-60 years; mean age, 39.8 years) with pathologically proven SPTCL. The tumor location, number, distribution, size, ...
Rodriguez Alejandro - - 2011
Peripheral muscle tissue oxygenation determined noninvasively using near-infrared spectroscopy may help to identify tissue hypoperfusion in septic patients. The aim of this study was to investigate regional oxygen saturation index (rSO2) in the brachioradialis (forearm) muscle by comparing measurements in healthy subjects and in intensive care unit (ICU) septic shock ...
Lustenberger Thomas - - 2011
The value of cervical spine immobilization after penetrating trauma to the neck is the subject of lively debate. The purpose of this study was to review the epidemiology of unstable cervical spine injuries (CSI) after penetrating neck trauma in a large cohort of patients. This is a retrospective analysis of ...
Tulankar Shilpa - - 2011
To find out the proportion of non-diabetic peripheral arterial disease (PAD) attributable to systemic connective tissue diseases (CTD) or thrombophillic states as etiology and to identify clinical and laboratory features that would point towards systemic disease other than atherosclerosis. We studied the etiology of PAD in 45 non-diabetic patients in ...
Cao Hailong - - 2011
A spontaneously restored sinus rhythm in permanent atrial fibrillation patients has been often observed after mitral valve (MV) surgery, but persisting duration in sinus rhythm varies from patient to patient. Heat shock proteins (Hsps) may be involved in pathogenesis of atrial fibrillation. We hypothesized that stabilization of restored sinus rhythm ...
Suskind David L - - 2011
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) shares many immunologic and clinical characteristics with graft versus host disease caused by allogeneic T lymphocytes after hematopoietic cell transplantation. Since maternal cells are known to enter the fetal circulation in a high proportion of pregnancies, we hypothesized that maternal engraftment in the fetus results in ...
Fujiki Akira - - 2011
BACKGROUND: During atrial fibrillation (AF) irregularity of RR intervals may modify QT/RR relation differently from sinus rhythm. The purpose of this study was to compare QT/RR relation based on a single-beat analysis using the first preceding RR interval with the modified RR interval reflecting not only the first preceding but ...
Pandozi Claudio - - 2011
The presence of a conduction block at the level of the Koch triangle (KT) and the origin of the multicomponent potentials inside this area are controversial issues. We investigated the propagation of the sinus impulse into the KT and the characteristics of multicomponent potentials recorded in that area in patients ...
Müller Thomas - - 2011
Levodopa/carbidopa (LD/CD) application elevates total plasma homocysteine (thcys). We determined thcys-, LD- and 3-O-methyldopa (3-OMD) concentrations in 28 patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) on a LD/CD duodenal gel treatment. We found a distinct thcys increase (29.52 ± 28.98 μmol/l [median ± SD]) above the 15 μmol/l threshold and a significant (R = 0.7) correlation between LD and 3-OMD. ...
Raster M - - 2011
The effects of chloroquine intake on the retinal function in a Brazilian population of patients were assessed by multifocal electroretinography. Twenty-four randomly chosen eyes of patients treated with chloroquine for rheumatoid arthritis and systemic lupus erythematosus were examined using multifocal electroretinography (mfERG). Control measurements were acquired from 21 randomly chosen ...
Florindo D'Onofrio - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the presence of Restless Legs Syndrome (RLS) in Cluster Headache (CH) patients compared to headache-free controls. DESIGN AND SETTING: Cross-sectional case-control study of CH patients presenting at tertiary headache centers over the period January-December 2008. PATIENTS AND PARTICIPANTS: Fifty consecutive patients (6 women and 44 men) of ...
Wen Yuquan Y Rose-Silverthorne Retinal Degenerations Laboratory, Retina Foundation of the Southwest, 9900 N Central Expressway, Suite 400, Dallas, TX 75231, USA. - - 2011
One of the characteristic signs of retinitis pigmentosa (RP) is the progressive loss of night vision. We have previously shown that the gain of rod photoreceptor activation is moderately reduced in some patients with RP, but this decrease in activation kinetics is not sufficient to account for the night blindness. ...
Karslıoğlu Safak - - 2011
Well-known causes of blood-tinged epiphora are conjunctival lesions, tumors of the lacrimal apparatus, and systemic bleeding disorders. We describe an unusual patient who presented with recurrent episodes of bloody tearing which began following an erythema multiforme-like drug eruption. He experienced chronic conjunctivitis which resulted in a few minor symblephara. One ...
Vreju Fl - - 2011
Objective: To detect synovitis is important in both the diagnosis and outcome assessment of early rheumatoid arthritis. This study was meant to assess the validity and reproducibility of ultrasonography (US) as a mean of detection for the knee synovitis, by comparing US findings with clinical examination and histopathological findings in ...
Figueras Jaume - - 2011
Patients with vasospastic (VA) or non vasospastic angina (NVA) without significant coronary stenosis have a reduced risk of infarction but is unclear whether or not this may be attributable to a lack of prothrombotic profile - similar to that present in patients with stable coronary artery disease (CAD). Plasma levels ...
Flis V - - 2011
For various reasons some patients are unable to undergo intra-arterial thrombolysis for acute limb ischaemia. This interventional case series study prospectively evaluated the effect of thrombolytic treatment with 100 mg recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rt-PA), administered intravenously, in patients with acute thrombosis of the lower limb arteries and onset of ...
Musabak Ugur - - 2011
The pineal hormone melatonin plays a crucial role in immunomodulation, mainly by effecting T cells. The aims of the present study were to compare the melatonin levels in patients with Familial Mediterranean Fever (FMF) and healthy controls and to find out if it associates with interferon(IFN)γ and interleukin(IL)-10. Twenty five ...
Brewer Edward S - - 2011
The yield of head computed tomography (CT) for patients who suffered head trauma with a presenting Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) score of 15 has been reported to be low, even in patients who are anticoagulated or on antiplatelet therapy. We undertook this study to (1) determine the frequency of intracranial ...
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