Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 866
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Wolff J M - - 1998
PURPOSE: To study the efficacy of prostate-specific antigen (PSA) and skeletal alkaline phosphatase (SAP) as staging markers in discriminating patients with cancer of the prostate (CaP) with (M+) and without bone metastases (M0). MATERIAL AND METHODS: 73 patients with untreated CaP entered the study. After staging the patients were divided ...
Anjum I - - 1998
PURPOSE: We assess the role of acute prostatic infarction and prostatic inflammation in causing acute urinary retention in patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective controlled clinicopathological study was undertaken comparing 35 patients who presented with acute urinary retention secondary to BPH with another 35 patients ...
Molina R - - 1998
The diagnostic value of a new tumor marker, c-erbB-2, was studied in the sera of 50 healthy subjects, 58 patients with benign breast diseases, and 413 patients with breast cancer (186 locoregional, 185 with advanced disease, and 42 with no evidence of disease). Using 15 U/ml as the cut-off, no ...
Fesmire F M - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Traditional methods of using creatinine kinase (CK)-MB to diagnose acute myocardial necrosis rely on the total CK-MB exceeding a threshold of normalcy before being considered diagnostic. Because the CK-MB rapid immunoassay is both sensitive and precise, a small difference between two serial samples over an appropriate time interval may ...
Polge A - - 1998
Circulating p53 antibodies (ELISA method), p53 genetic alterations (SSCP), and protein overexpression (immunohistochemistry) were studied in 41 patients with colorectal adenocarcinomas and 10 control patients. Carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) and carbohydrate antigen 19.9 (CA 19-9) were evaluated in parallel. Ten patients with p53 antibodies and p53 overexpression were selected. Tumor DNA ...
Davelaar E M - - 1998
Seven CA 125 immunoassays were compared for their clinical performance. CA 125 concentrations were determined in 289 serum samples obtained from women with benign pelvic tumors (samples from 98 patients) and patients with various cancers (samples from 111 patients). In the range of 0-1000 kilounits/L, all assays tested were linearly ...
Fallahi P - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To emphasize the potential association between increased levels of carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) and the presence of medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC). METHODS: We present two case reports of this association, including long-term serial measurements of CEA in one patient. RESULTS: CEA is a tumor marker often associated with colon cancer. ...
Kashihara T - - 1998
CYFRA 21-1 is a fragment of cytokeratin 19 (CK 19). Four patients with large intrahepatic (or peripheral) cholangiocarcinoma (CC) and high serum levels of CYFRA 21-1 (normal, < or = 2 ng/ml) are reported. CYFRA 21-1 levels exceeded 9 ng/ml in all 4 patients. Carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA), was high in ...
Edouard A R - - 1998
OBJECTIVES: To describe the evolution and the diagnostic value of cardiac troponin I (cTnI) and to relate its concentrations with the indicators of injury in trauma patients. DESIGN: Prospective, observational study of 17 young, previously healthy, mechanically-ventilated patients during the early post-traumatic period in the Surgical ICU of a University ...
Williams A R - - 1998
Fosfestrol tetrasodium (Honvan) is a synthetic oestrogen-based compound. Studies have suggested its use in the treatment of localised, advanced and hormone-refractory prostate cancer. This series of 17 patients with advanced disease documents the response, both subjective and objective, to standard dose intravenous Honvan infusion. Infusions were well tolerated, with no ...
Punzi L - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: In a previous study we demonstrated that the prevalence of trauma preceding arthritis was higher in patients with psoriatic arthritis (PsA) than in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) or ankylosing spondylitis (AS); of 300 consecutive patients with PsA, 25 (8%) had a history of trauma before (< 3 months) ...
Koper N P - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Most studies evaluating the role of serum CA 125 measurements in endometrial cancer report a positive correlation with prognostic factors. The present study investigates the role of serum CA 125 measurements as a preoperative aid in the decision whether lymphadenectomy or sampling should be part of the surgical procedure. ...
Kurita Y - - 1998
OBJECTIVES: To examine the efficacy of various parameters obtained by transrectal ultrasonography (TRUS) as predictors of the onset of acute urinary retention in patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). METHODS: From April 1993 to March 1997, 331 men aged 51 to 84 years with symptoms of BPH were enrolled in ...
Swaanenburg J C - - 1998
The automated (CK)MB1,2/MM1,2,3 isoform measurement, based on electrophoresis, has been simplified to the point that it has become possible to perform this analysis on a 24-h routine basis. We studied analytical aspects of this analysis and its clinical relevance in relation to other biochemical markers (CK total, CKMB activity, CKMB ...
Hennenfent B R - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To report changes in the white blood cell (WBC) counts in expressed prostatic secretions (EPS) in men with pelvic symptoms undergoing thrice-weekly prostatic massage combined with antimicrobial therapy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The study comprised a retrospective analysis of the records of 35 patients (mean age 45.3 years, range 28-70, ...
Joseph J K - - 1998
A pilot study of Formestane or 4-Hydroxyandrostenedione (Lentaron), a new endocrine agent, was conducted on 18 postmenopausal patients with locally advanced and metastatic breast cancer. 16 patients were evaluable for response and objective responses were seen in 4 patients (25%). Stabilisation of disease was seen in 5 patients (32%). Out ...
García-Fernández M A - - 1998
OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to evaluate the usefulness of transesophogeal echocardiography (TEE) for detecting cardiac damage after blunt chest trauma (BCT). BACKGROUND: Multiple methods have been used to detect cardiac damage after a BCT, but none has been demonstrated to be sensitive, specific, and feasible enough. METHODS: This multicenter ...
D'Amico A V - - 1998
OBJECTIVES: Endorectal coil magnetic resonance imaging (erMRI) has been reported to improve the prediction of pathologic Stage T3 disease in patients with clinical Stage T1,2 disease, prostate-specific antigen (PSA) of 10 to 20 ng/mL, biopsy Gleason score of 7 or less, and at least 50% of the biopsy specimens positive ...
Kava B R - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic pelvic lymphadenectomy (LPLND) can be performed safely and with minimal morbidity in the staging of prostate cancer. Its utility in evaluating patients at high risk for metastatic disease before primarily nonsurgical treatment modalities was evaluated. METHODS: Twenty-four consecutive patients who underwent LPLND between June 1993 and July 1996 ...
Sugiyama T - - 1998
Between 1992 and 1994, 157 patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia were treated with transurethral microwave thermotherapy (TUMT). In evaluating the efficacy of TUMT with the International PrOstate Symptom Score (I-PSS) in 121 patients, 18 (15%) showed excellent and 42 (35%) showed good response. In evaluation of QOL, the result was ...
Meikle A W - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To report the efficacy and safety of a permeation-enhanced nonscrotal testosterone transdermal (TTD) system for the treatment of Klinefelter's syndrome. METHODS: Fifteen male patients with Klinefelter's syndrome, including 12 patients who received previous intramuscular (IM) treatment with testosterone esters, were part of the study population from three phase III ...
Wolff J M - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: Staging in patients with newly diagnosed cancer of the prostate has significant ramifications in the management of the disease. At present, measurement of serum prostate-specific antigen (PSA) concentration and radionuclide bone scintigraphy are two important procedures in the metastatic work-up of these patients. We evaluated the efficacy of PSA ...
Stefanović V - - 1998
Balkan nephropathy (BEN) is commonly associated with urothelial cancer. Urothelial cancer is manifested in the advanced stage of disease. The aim of this study was to facilitate early detection of urothelial cancer in BEN patients and their family members living in an endemic region by using tumour markers, carcinoembryonic antigen ...
Grann A - - 1998
PURPOSE: There are minimal data to support the perceived contraindication of radiation therapy in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Because of widespread concern about the possibility of radiation-related morbidity in IBD patients, the posttreatment course for 6 patients with a history of IBD who were treated with 125I prostate ...
Mobley D F - - 1998
Traditionally, drug therapy for benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) has been reserved for patients with mild or moderate symptoms. The objective of this analysis was to compare responses to an alpha 1-adrenergic receptor blocker, doxazosin, in patients with severe, intermediate, and mild disease. Data were analyzed from patients with symptomatic BPH ...
Fehm T - - 1998
Circulating CA 125 serum levels were measured in 60 patients with several hematological malignancies. Using 35 U/ml as cutoff level, elevated CA 125 concentrations were found in 3 of 18 patients with acute leukemia, 1 of 5 patients with chronic myelocytic leukemia, 2 of 9 patients with Hodgkin's lymphoma and ...
Syrigos K N - - 1998
Using an ELISA method, the sera of 43 patients with colon adenocarcinoma (CA) and of 26 surgical patients with nonmalignant disease of the gastrointestinal tract were studied for the presence of autoantibodies against cardiolipin (CLP) before and 1 month after surgery. Forty healthy volunteers were used as controls. Fourteen CA ...
Carles J - - 1998
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the antitumor activity of vinorelbine and oral estramustine phosphate in patients with metastatic, hormone-refractory prostate cancer. We evaluated the activity of this association using the following schedule: estramustine phosphate 600 mg/m2/day orally days 1-42 and vinorelbine 25 mg/m1 days 1, 8, 22, ...
Csata S - - 1998
The possible connection of viruses with tumours was investigated by serologic examinations. Concerning the presence of antibodies against adenoviruses, especially those against the early non-virion antigens of oncogenic adenovirus type 12, approximately 4000 tests were made with sera of 446 urogenital patients with and without tumours and 70 ones with ...
Behr T M - - 1997
BACKGROUND: Surgery is currently the only potentially curative approach in the treatment of medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC). In many instances however, postsurgically elevated or rising plasma calcitonin and/or carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) levels indicate persistent metastatic disease, although conventional diagnostic procedures (computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and invasive venous ...
Scapa E - - 1997
As preoperative elevated serum levels of carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) and CA19.9 are markers for bad prognosis in colorectal cancer patients, it is important to decide whether preoperative total colonoscopy would make a significant change in their serum levels. CEA and CA 19.9 were evaluated in three groups of patients before ...
Hallek M - - 1997
Deoxythymidine kinase (TK) is an enzyme involved in DNA synthesis whose serum activity reflects the proliferative activity of tumors and correlates with prognosis in various malignancies. In ovarian cancer, the value of s-TK has not been studied so far. Therefore the serum levels of TK were investigated in patients with ...
- - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the performance of a new bedside whole-blood rapid assay for cardiac troponin T (cTnT) in patients presenting to the ED with symptoms consistent with acute coronary ischemia. METHODS: A prospective, observational trial was performed in 8 participating medical centers. Serial blood samples were obtained on presentation to ...
Lauer B - - 1997
OBJECTIVES: The present study investigated whether myocyte injury can be assessed sensitively by measurement of serum levels of cardiac troponin T (cTnT) in patients with clinically suspected myocarditis and whether cTnT levels may predict the results of histologic and immunohistologic analysis of endomyocardial biopsy specimens. BACKGROUND: Conventionally used laboratory variables ...
Harłozinska A - - 1997
The serum markers TPS and CA 125 were determined in serum, cyst fluid and ascites in ovarian carcinoma patients and in patients with benign ovarian neoplasms. The levels of TPS and CA 125 were significantly higher in malignant and benign tumor cysts and ascitic fluids than in corresponding patients sera ...
Akimoto S - - 1997
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of osteoarthritis of lumbar vertebrae on serum bone formation and resorption marker levels of patients with benign prostatic hypertrophy (BPH). METHODS: Serum levels of carboxyterminal propeptide of type I procollagen (PICP), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), carboxyterminal telopeptide of type I ...
Reiter W - - 1997
We studied the methodical and clinical relevance of five determination assays for free PSA (f-PSA) in addition to the corresponding total PSA antigen (t-PSA). METHODS: Both the total PSA- and free-PSA-values of frozen sera obtained pretherapeutically from 80 patients with carcinoma (PC) and 171 patients with benign hyperplasia of the ...
Reiter W - - 1997
This study examined the clinical relevance of the determination of alpha 1-antichymotrypsin complexed PSA (ACT-PSA) in addition to total PSA antigen (t-PSA). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Both total PSA- and ACT-PSA-values of frozen sera obtained pretherapeutically from 93 patients with carcinoma (PC) and 132 patients with benign hyperplasia of the prostate ...
Dijkman G A - - 1997
BACKGROUND: Liarozole is an imidazole derivative that has been identified as an inhibitor of the cytochrome P450-dependent all-trans retinoid acid (RA) breakdown. RA is one of the principal endogenous compounds that controls growth and differentiation of epithelial tissues in mammals. METHODS: Fifty-five patients with hormone-resistant prostate cancer in progression, following ...
Young G P - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To determine the test performance characteristics of serial creatine kinase-MB (CK-MB) mass measurements for acute myocardial infarction (MI) in patients presenting to the ED with chest pain and nondiagnostic ECGs. METHODS: A prospective, observational test performance study was conducted. Hemodynamically stable patients aged > or = 25 years with ...
Boelaert I - - 1997
The value of intravenous urography in patients with prostatism was retrospectively evaluated. One thousand four hundred ninety five intravenous urograms of male patients referred by the department of urology were reviewed. Based on the clinical information, only patients with complaints of prostatism as a single symptom were selected. Patients with ...
Wolff J M - - 1997
PURPOSE: To compare the efficacy of two tests, prostate-specific antigen (PSA) and skeletal alkaline phosphatase (SAP) as staging markers to discriminate patients with cancer of the prostate (CaP) with bony metastases (M1) from those without bony metastases (Mo). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Forty-seven untreated patients with Mo (n = 26) and ...
Simsek H - - 1997
OBJECTIVES: High serum cancer antigen (CA) 125 levels have been shown to be present in patients with ovarian carcinoma, nongynecological cancers, and some benign diseases and have been used as a useful marker for monitoring patients with epithelial ovarian cancer. Although tuberculous peritonitis with elevated serum CA 125 levels is ...
Krämer S - - 1997
In this study we analyzed the role of CA 125 serum levels in the diagnosis and follow-up of pleural metastases in breast cancer patients. CA 125 serum levels were measured in patients with lung and/or pleural metastases: a) at the time of the detection of the metastases, b) 3 months ...
Brehmer M - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To study the extension and type of tissue damage in prostatic adenomas after transurethral microwave thermotherapy (TUMT). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Seven patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia and scheduled for open adenectomy underwent TUMT before surgery. TUMT was performed 2 h before operation in one patient, 24 h before in ...
Novell F - - 1997
About a 20-25% of the patients at diagnosis of colorectal carcinoma present with occult liver metastases. The aim of this work was to determine the prognostic significance of CEA bile level for the early detection of occult metastases. We determined the CEA blood level and the CEA bile level in ...
McLaurin M D - - 1997
Serum cardiac troponin T (cTnT) concentrations are frequently increased in chronic dialysis patients as measured by the first-generation ELISA immunoassay, as is creatine kinase (CK) MB mass in the absence of acute ischemic heart disease. We designed this study to compare four serum markers of myocardial injury [CK-MB mass, first-generation ...
Troiano R N - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: This study was performed to correlate findings on transvaginal sonography with differential levels of serum CA 125. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study population included 144 patients who underwent transvaginal sonography for suspected pelvic mass and in whom a serum CA 125 level was established as part of the diagnostic ...
Rose W D - - 1997
OBJECTIVES: To investigate how often the ED ordering of stat serum calcium (Ca+2), magnesium (Mg+2), and phosphorus (PO4(-3)) levels affected clinical treatment; to define the diagnoses of patients for whom Ca+2, Mg+2, and PO4(-3) measurements did affect clinical therapy; and to suggest guidelines for more appropriate ordering of these laboratory ...
Tomic R - - 1997
Thirty-three patients with prostatic carcinoma were treated with either estramustine phosphate, orchidectomy or high dose medroxyprogesterone acetate. Therapy response was evaluated by cytological examination of fine needle aspiration biopsies performed before and after 6 weeks treatment. At follow-up, 11 of 14 patients treated with estramustine phosphate had regressive and/or degenerative ...
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