Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 863
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Kontos Michael C - - 2002
Baseline electrocardiogram abnormalities and market elevations not associated with myocardial necrosis make accurate diagnosis of myocardial infarction (MI) difficult in patients with cocaine-associated chest pain. Troponin sampling may offer greater diagnostic utility in these patients. OBJECTIVE: To assess outcomes based on troponin positivity in patients with cocaine chest pain admitted ...
Henderson A - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To report the results from the first 100 consecutive patients treated with 125I transperineal interstitial prostate brachytherapy between March 1999 and June 2001, and to determine if the International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS), prostate volume or urodynamic variables correlate with acute morbidity. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients were assessed prospectively ...
Kleiman Neal S - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: We sought to determine whether elevation of plasma creatine kinase muscle-brain fraction (CK-MB) would be useful to triage patients with acute coronary syndromes (ACS) to early angiography/revascularization. BACKGROUND: It is unknown whether the measurement of CK-MB is effective for triage to an aggressive management strategy. METHOD: Patients in the ...
Pitetti Raymond D - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: Child abuse (CA) can present with a spectrum of signs and symptoms. Apparent life-threatening events (ALTEs) may be a subtle presentation of CA. Retinal hemorrhages (RHs) are a well-described finding in some patients with CA. We hypothesized that screening children who present with a chief complaint of an ALTE ...
Khan M A - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of urological pathology in a retrospective and prospective study of patients with microscopic haematuria attending a haematuria clinic. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between January 1998 and May 2001, 781 patients attended the haematuria clinic; of these, 368 (47%; median age 60 years, range 18-90) had a ...
Fehm Tanja - - 2002
To evaluate the ability of serum c-erbB-2 protein to (1) indicate occult and manifest metastases and (2) reflect response to first-line therapy, serial serum c-erbB-2 measurements were performed in a retrospective series of 52 primary breast cancer patients who had developed metastatic disease during follow-up. The results were compared with ...
Akdogan M - - 2002
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to determine serum prostate-specific antigen (PSA) levels in patients with liver cirrhosis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between January 1995 and August 2001, 216 men with cirrhosis were evaluated. The extent of their liver disease was classified according to the Child-Pugh classification. Serum PSA levels ...
Kwok Young - - 2002
PURPOSE: Patients undergoing prostate brachytherapy (PB) as monotherapy are often selected on the basis of favorable pretreatment factors. However, intermediate and high-risk prostate cancer patients are commonly offered PB as monotherapy without the addition of external beam radiotherapy (EBRT) or hormonal therapy. This series reports the outcome of patients undergoing ...
Fleshner Neil - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: To determine the role of extensive prostate biopsy ("saturation biopsy") among selected men with unexplained worrisome prostate-specific antigen (PSA) parameters. Clinicians are commonly faced with the dilemma of elevating PSA levels despite negative prostate biopsy results in patients without symptoms of prostatitis. METHODS: Thirty-seven patients underwent saturation biopsy. This ...
Hermesh Haggai - - 2002
High creatinine kinase (CK) levels and leukocytosis are known to be associated with neuroleptic malignant syndrome (NMS). The authors sought to determine if their presence during non-NMS psychotic episodes is predictive of the later development of NMS. Sixteen psychotic inpatients who met the criteria for NMS were included. For statistical ...
Skerk Visnja - - 2002
A total of 388 patients with symptoms of chronic prostatitis and inflammatory findings in expressed prostatic secretion (EPS) or in a urine sample collected immediately after prostate massage, were examined over a 2 year period at the Outpatient Department for Urogenital Infections, University Hospital for Infectious Diseases 'Dr Fran Mihaljević', ...
Jeremias Allen - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Multiple studies have demonstrated a relationship between creatine kinase-MB (CK-MB) elevation after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and increased late mortality within the general population. Because CK-MB is frequently elevated in renal disease even in the absence of myocardial injury, the clinical significance of CK-MB elevation after PCI in patients ...
Bucaretchi Fábio - - 2002
From January, 1984 to March, 1999, 31 children under 15 y old (ages 1-14 y, median 8 y) were admitted after being bitten by rattlesnakes (Crotalus durissus ssp). One patient was classified as "dry-bite", 3 as mild envenoming, 9 as moderate envenoming and 18 as severe envenoming. Most patients had ...
Lorente J A - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Controversy exists as to the influence of inflammatory foci on total and free prostate-specific antigen (PSA) concentrations. The objective was to analyze the biological variations of PSA and percent free PSA (%f-PSA) in patients with biochemical criteria for prostate biopsy (PSA higher than 4 ng/mL and normal rectal examination) ...
Huang Kui-Chou - - 2002
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Few reports exist concerning the peak serum concentration of creatine kinase (CK) and the severity of crush syndrome, and the efficacy of fasciotomy in crush syndrome patients remains controversial. This study aimed to analyze and assess the clinical features, treatment, and outcome of patients with crush syndrome ...
Bulbul Muhammad A - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: Transrectal ultrasound (TRUS)-guided prostate needle biopsy is the standard procedure to diagnose prostate cancer. It can be associated with significant discomfort and pain. We evaluated if periprostatic infiltration with local anesthetic reduces this discomfort. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 72 patients underwent TRUS-guided prostate needle biopsy. All patients had 12 cores, ...
Kosuda Shigeru - - 2002
BACKGROUND: The objective of the current study was to assess rigorously whether serum prostate specific antigen (PSA) determination can eliminate the need for bone scans in Japanese patients with newly diagnosed prostate carcinoma with serum PSA levels < or = 10 ng/mL. METHODS: A retrospective assessment of 1294 patients with ...
Shariat Shahrokh F - - 2002
PURPOSE: We tested the hypothesis that preoperative plasma levels of insulin-like growth factor (IGF) binding protein (BP)-2 or IGFBP-3 would predict cancer stage and prognosis in patients undergoing radical prostatectomy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Plasma levels of IGF-I, IGFBP-2, and IGFBP-3 were measured preoperatively in 120 consecutive patients who underwent radical ...
Holten-Andersen Mads N - - 2002
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to measure total levels of tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases (TIMP-1) by ELISA in plasma from blood donors, patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), and patients with cancer and to correlate the results to patient diagnosis. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: Total TIMP-1 plasma levels were measured ...
Matsuda Yoshio - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: This study was performed to evaluate serum creatine kinase (CK) levels during tocolytic therapy. METHODS: A retrospective study was performed in 27 patients who were treated with intravenous tocolytic agents for more than one week. The first-line tocolytic agent was ritodrine hydrochloride, followed by concomitant magnesium sulfate (MgSO4). The ...
Perez Carlos A - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Because of the challenge in defining prognostic markers predictive of recurrence or progression, carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) remains the most frequently used marker in colorectal cancer, despite its low sensitivity. We hypothesized that TA90-IC status and serum ganglioside levels might be useful markers and might be of prognostic significance in ...
Rockhill Jason - - 2002
PURPOSE: To identify and illustrate the potential problems with brachytherapy in obese patients. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Three patients with body mass index greater than 30 were treated with prostate brachytherapy. Transrectal ultrasound (TRUS) was performed using a 6.0-MHz Siemens Sonoline Prima ultrasound machine and a Barzell-Whitmore stepper unit. The patients' ...
Hayes P D - - 2001
OBJECTIVES: There is limited understanding of the reasons underlying post-CEA carotid thrombosis. Clinicians have often implicated operative technique, such as patch type or shunting, however the evidence for this is limited. We have studied whether it is the patients themselves who are prothrombotic, by studying the rates of emboli detection ...
Ellis S G - - 2001
BACKGROUND: beta-blocker (BB) use reduces infarct size in spontaneously occurring nonreperfused infarcts but probably does not change infarct size in patients treated with reperfusion therapy. A recent observational study suggested that BB use concurrent with percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) decreased the risk of creatine kinase (CK)-MB elevation. The cogency of ...
Yamamichi H - - 2001
BACKGROUND: We describe a 56-year-old woman admitted to the hospital with a diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction without an increase of serum creatine kinase (CK) activity during her clinical course. She died on the 11th hospital day, and the diagnosis was confirmed by autopsy. The patient had had no previous ...
McIntyre I G - - 2001
OBJECTIVES: To report our results with the use of reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) as a potential predictor of prostate cancer (CaP) progression in patients managed with watchful waiting. There has been much recent debate about the safety of treating older patients with localized CaP with watchful waiting. The RT-PCR ...
Koukkunen H - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the time window for ruling out myocardial infarction (MI) with troponin T (TnT) and creatine kinase isoenzyme MB mass (CK-MBm) and the prognosis of patients with ruled-out MI diagnosis. DESIGN: The study was based on 397 patients admitted with a suspected acute coronary syndrome but with relief ...
Zervos E E - - 2001
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to determine the role of fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (PET) in localizing disease in patients with colorectal cancer with radiologically occult symptomatology or increases in carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) level. METHODS: Two hundred seventy-seven patients with colorectal cancer underwent PET scanning between November 1998 ...
Landau M - - 2001
Muscle-related complaints and high creatine kinase (CK) blood levels have been reported in 16-51% of patients with acne treated with isotretinoin. It has been suggested that this retinoid and exercise have a synergistic effect on muscle. The presence of marked hyperCKemia during the treatment raises concern about rhabdomyolysis. The objective ...
Talic R F - - 2001
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effects of the high energy cutting current that is used in conjunction with the thick loop on erectile function in patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) undergoing prostatectomy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Seventy patients with BPH were included in this prospective study. All patients underwent transurethral vaporization ...
Moreno J G - - 2001
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the diurnal variations in circulating tumor cells (CTCs) in metastatic carcinoma of the prostate (CAP) and to determine whether the change in CTCs correlated with disease progression. METHODS: Samples were prepared by immunomagnetic selection of cells from 7 mL of blood targeting the epithelial cell adhesion molecule ...
Riisbro R - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: The present study was planned to measure preoperative levels of soluble urokinase plasminogen activator receptor (suPAR) in plasma from patients with gynecological diseases, and to test for a relationship to clinical and biochemical patient characteristics. METHODS: Using a specific and sensitive kinetic ELISA, suPAR levels were determined in preoperative ...
Tan A - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: Patients with metastatic prostate cancer who are initially treated by oral antiandrogens and then have progressive disease may be offered surgical castration as a second-line treatment. Twenty-eight such patients were reviewed to determine the outcome in terms of secondary PSA response, symptomatic relief and disease-specific survival. MATERIALS AND METHODS: ...
Upadhyay L - - 2001
A clinical trial was conducted in a study group of 70 males diagnosed with symptomatic benign prostatic hypertrophy (BPH) (synonym of benign prostatic hyperplasia). They were administered Prostane, a herbal formulation, at a dose of two tablets a day for 1 year and monitored every 4 months during the study ...
Lilleby W - - 2001
BACKGROUND: The current study was conducted to evaluate and compare the impact of two major histologic grading systems on failure-free survival in patients with prostate carcinoma who are treated with definitive radiation. METHODS: Eligible patients for the current study had localized adenocarcinoma of the prostate (T1-4pN0M0, T3/4: 67%, median observation ...
Bandoh S - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Small cell lung cancer (SCLC) has a higher percentage of hilar masses than other histological types of lung cancer. The primary site is usually adjacent to the hilum, but we often observe primary sites in the peripheral lung field. In this study, our objectives were to elucidate whether peripheral-located ...
Forrest J B - - 2001
This article presents and evaluates the symptoms, presentation, diagnosis, and treatment of men with interstitial cystitis (IC). A retrospective chart review and an interview of all men in our practice diagnosed with IC since 1990 was performed. The patients' presenting symptoms, physical findings, clinical evaluation, and responses to therapy were ...
Kojima Y - - 2001
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the practical application and limitation of ultrasonography and retrograde urethrography in detecting prostatic utricle associated with hypospadias. METHODS: Between 1995 and 1999, 80 patients with hypospadias, 1 month to 16 years of age (mean age 3 years, 6 months), underwent ultrasonography and retrograde urethrography to detect the ...
Pfister M - - 2001
The carbohydrate antigen 19-9 (CA 19-9), a determinant (sialylated lacto-N-fucopentaose 119) of a circulating oligosaccharide antigen, is a frequently used tumor marker. Echinococcus spp. infects humans throughout the world and may be able to synthesize closely related molecules which could interfere with the measurement and interpretation of CA 19-9 concentration. ...
Gelmini S - - 2001
Circulating prostate cells can be detected in peripheral blood of patients with clinically localized or advanced prostate carcinoma. Traditionally, nested reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) is used for this as a sensitive, but qualitative only, detection system. We developed a quantitative real-time RT-PCR method for measuring prostate-specific antigen (PSA) mRNA ...
Frank J - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To compare two methods of examining the prostate, the knee-elbow (KE) and left-lateral (LL) positions, to establish which allows a more complete examination, and to determine if there is any difference in patients' perception of pain or embarrassment for either method. PATIENTS AND METHODS: All men attending two urology ...
Kodatsch I - - 2001
Serum creatine kinase (CK) levels are diagnostic markers for acute myocardial infarction. Many other causes however, including neuromuscular disorders, may induce serum CK elevation as well. Aim of the study was to investigate the prevalence of potential causes for serum CK elevation in a medical department. In particular we were ...
Schulz M - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the nonsteroidal antiandrogenic drug flutamide is a clinically relevant inducer of methemoglobinemia in patients with prostatic cancer. METHODS: Fifty consecutive outpatients with prostatic cancer stage D2 entered the study (age 71.1 +/- 7.3 y). Five patients were lost to follow-up; the remaining 45 patients received the ...
Serretta V - - 2001
The aim of the present study was to correlate PSA response with subjective response (bone pain and performance status), in patients treated for hormone refractory carcinoma of the prostate. Twenty-four patients were introduced into the study. Median PSA was 198 ng/ml. Symptom score, performance status and PSA were monitored monthly ...
Wang Z - - 2000
We report here the extended use of the telomeric repeat amplification protocol (TRAP) assay for the detection of telomerase activity in fresh prostatic fluid obtained from anesthetized patients. Telomerase activity was detected in pellet extract and/or supernatant fluid of specimens obtained from 25 of 30 prostate cancer (PCa) patients (83%), ...
Kochi Mitsugu - - 2000
BACKGROUND: This clinicopathological study evaluated the utility of serum carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) and carbohydrate antigen (CA) 19-9 as predictors of locoregional recurrence and long-term disease-free survival in patients with gastric cancer.METHODS: During the period January 1989 to December 1994, 485 patients with primary gastric cancer were evaluated. Gastrectomies were performed ...
Shaw I N - - 2000
Forty-six, newly detected, previously untreated multibacillary (MB) patients with a bacterial index (BI) of > or = 3+ who had received WHO/MDT for 2 years were followed up for a total duration of 424 person-years and a mean duration of 9.26 +/- 2.98 years per patient. The BIs of the ...
Roob G - - 2000
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: MRI is known to detect clinically silent microbleeds (MBs) in patients with primary intracerebral hemorrhage (pICH), but the frequency and diagnostic and clinical significance of this finding are still debated. Therefore, we investigated a consecutive series of pICH patients and analyzed the patterns of MB distribution in ...
Hamm R - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the feasibility and advantages of self-injection of a depot dose of luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LHRH) analogue in patients with prostate cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Twenty patients (mean age 70.9 years, range 53-85) with locally advanced or metastatic prostate cancer were recruited from urology clinics and, using a ...
Gibler W B - - 2000
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to assess whether the immediate availability of serum markers would increase the appropriate use of thrombolytic therapy. BACKGROUND: Serum markers such as myoglobin and creatine kinase, MB fraction (CK-MB) are effective in detecting acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in the emergency setting. Appropriate candidates ...
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