Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 864
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Ison Michael G - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have reported abnormal cardiac findings in up to 43% of ambulatory adults with influenza. This study was conducted to determine the frequency, magnitude, and duration of myocardial dysfunction in such persons. METHODS: We enrolled 30 previously healthy young adults without known cardiovascular disease who presented to the ...
Roehrborn Claus G - - 2005
Acute urinary retention (AUR) secondary to benign prostatic hyperplasia has in the past represented an immediate indication for surgery, and today most patients failing to void after an attempt at catheter removal still undergo surgery. The concept that this disease is in fact progressive in nature is slowly being accepted. ...
Faggiano Pompilio - - 2005
serum levels of carbohydratic antigen 125 (CA 125), a tumour marker related to ovarian cancer, are increased in patients with heart failure (CHF). To our knowledge there are no data concerning the levels of other tumour markers in CHF. we measured serum levels of Alpha-Fetoprotein (AFP), Carcinoembrionic antigen (CEA), CA ...
Georgala Sophia - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Isotretinoin (Iso) is currently indicated for the treatment of cystic acne (CA) and is related to marked teratogenicity. AIM: The aim of the study was to evaluate the relationship between total antioxidant status (TAS) and a serum marker of DNA oxidative damage, 8-hydroxy-2-desoxyguanosine (8-OHdG), in patients on Iso treatment. ...
Parsons C Lowell - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether men previously diagnosed with prostatitis also have pathology originating in the bladder. PATIENTS, SUBJECTS AND METHODS: We administered the pelvic pain and urgency/frequency (PUF) questionnaire and the potassium-sensitivity test (PST) to 50 patients with prostatitis presenting in urological and primary care, and to 14 controls. In ...
Mändar Reet - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the occurrence of mycoplasmas in the semen of chronic prostatitis patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Genital mycoplasmas (Mycoplasma hominis, Mycoplasma genitalium, Ureaplasma urealyticum, Ureaplasma parvum) were sought in the semen of 121 chronic prostatitis patients [38 National Institutes of Health (NIH) category IIIa, 59 NIH category IIIb and ...
Honghai Feng F Hebai Agriculture University and the University of Science and Technology Beijing, Beijing 100083 P.R. China (Home phone: (86-10) 62391821; e-mail: - - 2005
SARS is an acute infectious disease and can cause a large amount of death. Up until now we have not known it well. With the experimental results of micronutrients of 30 SARS patients and 30 non-SARS patients, using rough set theory we induce some classification rules. Attribute reduction results show ...
Alivizatos Gerasimos - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study was to examine whether increased water load intake prior to ultrasound examination of the lower urinary tract, affects the measurement of postvoid residual urine volume. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Ninety four male patients with postvoid residual volumes after increased water load diuresis of more ...
van Kouwen Mariëtte C A - - 2005
PURPOSE: 2-(18F)-fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose positron emission tomography (FDG-PET) is an imaging technique which enables detection of malignancies. FDG-PET has been established as a tool for the diagnosis of pancreatic carcinoma (CA). Early detection is mandatory as cure can only be achieved in non-advanced disease. This is, however, very difficult with conventional radiological ...
Yan Andrew T - - 2004
AIMS: To compare the long-term prognostic value of troponins (Tn) vs. conventional cardiac biomarker creatine kinase (CK) and CK-MB across the spectrum of acute coronary syndromes (ACS). METHODS AND RESULTS: In the prospective, observational Canadian ACS Registry, 4627 patients with ACS were enrolled from 51 centres. The CK, CK-MB, Tn ...
Chen WenChieh - - 2004
Androgenetic alopecia (AGA) and benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) are both androgen-dependent disorders, displaying in situ high levels of dihydrotestosterone with a good therapeutic response to finasteride. Embryological development of both the hair follicle and the prostate depends on mesenchymal-epithelial interaction, which is influenced by the expression of type 2 5alpha-reductase. ...
Koffron Alan - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Recent interest in cyst fluid analysis (CFA) for carbohydrate antigen 19-9 (CA 19-9) and carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA), and the introduction of laparoscopic surgery (LS) in the management of hepatic cysts have resulted in sporadic reports of elevated CA 19-9 and CEA levels in intrahepatic biliary cystadenoma (IBC) CFA, and ...
Paul Roger - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Biochemical failure after radical prostatectomy (RP) for localized prostate cancer (PC) is the first evidence of disease recurrence. If residual benign prostatic glands are left behind on RP a theoretical PSA production from benign glands or residual neoplastic tissue could explain PSA failure. This study investigates the prediction and ...
Behtash N - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the probable usefulness of normal beta-human chorionic gonadotropin (beta-hCG) regression curve in the diagnosis of persistent trophoblastic disease (PTD). METHODS: A log-value regression curve was developed from the means and 95% confidence limits of serial weekly serum beta-hCG titers of 43 ...
Huang Foen Chung J W N C - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: We conduct a longitudinal non-invasive study of changes in urinary bladder contractility secondary to benign prostatic enlargement. In that study, the prostate volume is estimated by transabdominal ultrasonography. The accuracy of those measurements was verified by comparison of transabdominal to transrectal stepwise planimetric ultrasonography as the gold standard. Also, ...
Hoinkis Cordelia - - 2004
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Permanent interstitial brachytherapy by seed implantation is a treatment alternative for low-volume low-risk prostate cancer and a complex interdisciplinary treatment with a learning curve. Dose-volume histograms are used to assess postimplant quality. The authors evaluated their learning curve based on dose-volume histograms and analyzed factors influencing implantation ...
Loi S S Department of Medical Oncology and Haematology, Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia. - - 2004
Serum tumour markers (TM) are often measured in hospital patients. The reasons for their use and their benefits with regards to earlier cancer diagnosis and patient management are not known. To identify the patterns of TM use in a tertiary hospital and to determine the usefulness and appropriateness of requests ...
Kertai M D - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Cardiac troponin T (cTnT) is a sensitive and specific marker for myocardial injury, but elevations of cTnT without clinical evidence of ischemia and persistent or new electrocardiographic (ECG) abnormalities are common in patients undergoing major vascular surgery. We explored the long-term prognostic value of cTnT levels in these patients. ...
Alexander Richard B - - 2004
PURPOSE: Granulomatous prostatitis is characterized by a pattern of granulomatous inflammation in the prostate. In most cases the etiology is unknown. Based on the hypothesis that granulomatous prostatitis may be an autoimmune disease we performed intermediate and selective high resolution typing of HLA-DR in a group of patients with the ...
Brown Carlos V R - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The combination of bicarbonate and mannitol (BIC/MAN) is commonly used to prevent renal failure (RF) in patients with rhabdomyolysis despite the absence of sufficient evidence validating its use. The purpose of this study was to determine whether BIC/ MAN is effective in preventing RF in patients with rhabdomyolysis caused ...
Philip Kuebler J - - 2004
A phase II trial of CI-958 (NSC #635371), a new benzothiopyranoindazole was performed in patients with hormone refractory prostate carcinoma using prostate specific antigen (PSA) levels for response assessment. Twenty-two patients were entered on this study and twenty one were eligible. Toxicity consisted mainly of granulocytopenia (71% grade 3 or ...
Schneider Bryan P - - 2004
PURPOSE: To identify prognostic variables and outcomes in patients with primary mediastinal nonseminomatous germ cell tumor (PMNSGCT) with postchemotherapy resection of persistent cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Forty-seven consecutive patients with residual cancer after resection of PMNSGCT were retrospectively reviewed. Univariate comparisons were performed. RESULTS: At diagnosis, 43 patients had elevated ...
Nabi G - - 2004
To define the natural history of patients with suspicious urinary cytology and negative initial evaluation for malignancy in the investigation of haematuria. Data from the hospital information support system on urinary cytology examinations carried out at one centre were audited over a period of 24 months. There were 102 patients ...
Chen Wai-Hong - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: We sought to investigate the effect of aspirin resistance on the incidence of myonecrosis after non-urgent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) among patients pretreated with clopidogrel. BACKGROUND: Oral antiplatelet therapy using aspirin and a thienopyridine is the standard of care for preventing thrombotic complications of PCI. The effect of aspirin ...
Kontos Michael C - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: We compared outcomes in patients with non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndromes (ACS) according to the degree of cardiac troponin I (cTnI) elevation. BACKGROUND: Controlled trials of high-risk patients have found that troponin elevations identify an even higher risk subset. It is unclear whether outcomes are similar among a lower ...
Nakai Keiko - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Serum levels ob biochemical markers for acute myocardial infarction (AMI) can be increased in patients with chronic renal failure (CRF) or skeletal muscle injury, creating diagnostic confusion. We evaluated the clinical utility of cardiac troponin I (cTnI) as a marker of AMI, particularly in patients with CRF. METHODS: Subjects ...
Aganovic Damir - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Determine sensitivity and specificity of uroflowmetry in the diagnosis of clear defined outlet obstruction in the patients with benign prostatic enlargement (BPE). MATERIALS AND METHODS: 102 patients with proved BPE, after fulfilling International Prostatic Symptom Score (I-PSS), underwent complete urodynamic measurements (uroflowmetry, cystometry and pressure/flow studies). The patients were ...
Kontos Michael C - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) is often used to identify low-risk chest pain patients who have myocardial infarction (MI). A recent recommendation is that patients with increased troponin levels be diagnosed as having MI. The sensitivity and characteristics of patients who have elevated troponin levels who also underwent early MPI ...
Vyslouzil K - - 2004
The authors present a prospective study on a value of oncologic markers CEA and CA 19-9 in patients after curative therapy for colorectal adenocarcinoma. During a five-year follow-up in 320 patients, a significant elevation of CEA or CA 19-9 was documented in 71 patients (22.8 %), and resulted in tumour ...
SkórzyƄska Hanna - - 2004
Tumour marker CA 125 is used in the monitoring results of treatment woman with ovarian cancer. Its diagnostic effectiveness in selected groups of patients is defined by sensitivity estimated at approximately 75% and specifity at 95%. In practice diagnostic specificity of CA 125 concentration is lower as it is limited ...
Miller Wayne L WL Cardiovascular Division, Mayo Clinic and Foundation, Rochester, MN 55905, USA. - - 2004
The prognostic significance of elevations in creatine kinase-MB and troponin T (cTnT), which have been conventionally measured 6 to 8 h after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), has been established. However, the time to peak biomarker appearance in the circulation has not been defined and is the purpose of this pilot ...
Reddy Y N - - 2003
Severe oxidative stress has been reported in leprosy patients because of malnutrition and poor immunity. The purpose of this study was to investigate the serum lipid peroxidation products, serum LDH and important free radical scavenging enzymes, i.e. superoxide dismutase (SOD), and catalase and anti-oxidant glutathione levels and total anti-oxidant status, ...
Kamiya Naoto - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: The serum level of neuron specific enolase (NSE) is gaining acceptance as a marker of neuroendocrine tumors. To clarify the role of NSE in prostate cancer progression, we examined the relationship of NSE to clinicopathological parameters. METHODS: The pretreatment serum NSE level was measured in 104 patients with histologically ...
Jureidini Saadeh B - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Aberrant origin (ABO) of a coronary artery (CA) from the contralateral aortic sinus with a subsequent interarterial course is a life-threatening condition. It carries a 28% to 55% risk for a sudden coronary event or death, but there are no reliable screening methods. OBJECTIVE: We sought to determine whether ...
Hancox John G - - 2003
The purpose of this study was to review the etiology, diagnosis, treatment, and outcomes of cases of rhabdomyolysis at West Virginia University Hospitals. Another goal was to determine if smokers had worse outcomes than non-smokers. Rhabdomyolysis was defined as a fivefold or greater elevation above the upper limit of normal ...
Kinn A-C - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: Snoring increases with increasing age and body mass, and repeated periods of hypoxia cause nocturnal polyuria. Accordingly, we examined the occurrence of snoring problems in patients scheduled for transurethral prostatic resection. METHODS: Of 171 men scheduled for TUR-P, 41 were excluded due to cardiac disease, diabetes, or prostatic malignancy. ...
Meinhardt W - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: In order to preserve the sexual functions in patients in need of a cystectomy, a feasibility study has been performed. METHODS: In 24 male patients the seminal vesicles and the prostate were left in situ and a Studer type neobladder was anastomosed to the lateral edge of the prostate. ...
Greenstein Alexander - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether shock wave lithotripsy (SWL) causes cardiac muscle injury that alters the levels of troponin I plasma, a cardio-specific enzyme shown to be useful in diagnosing cardiac muscle injury because of its high specificity. METHODS: Patients treated by SWL for renal stones participated in the study. They ...
Hanyu Haruo - - 2003
We investigated the incidence and the number of microbleeds (MBs) on T2*-weighted gradient-echo magnetic resonance imaging in 30 Binswanger's disease (BD) patients with diffuse white matter lesions and a varying degree of lacunar infarction, 51 multiple lacunar stroke (MLS) patients with multiple lacunar infarction and no or mild white matter ...
Peetz Dirk - - 2003
BACKGROUND: In patients with chronic renal failure undergoing long-term hemodialysis, ischemic heart disease accounts for up to 50% of mortality. Cardiac troponins T (TnT) and I (TnI) are frequently elevated in this patient group, but data on the prognostic relevance of these markers, especially TnI, are controversial. The aim of ...
Takubo Hideki - - 2003
We report serum creatine kinase (CK) activity level in patients with Parkinson's disease and controls matched with gender and age. The clinical subjects consist of 84 patients with Parkinson's disease and 257 control subjects. Serum CK level was significantly elevated in parkinsonian patients (117.3+/-65.0 units/l) compared to that of the ...
Smith C Christopher - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Recommendations for monitoring levels of transaminases (alanine aminotransferase and aspartate aminotransferase) and of creatine kinase (CK) in patients taking 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase inhibitors (statins) vary and are not based on data from clinical practice. We performed a study to determine the yield of routine screening of aminotransferase and ...
de Gevigney Guy - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Rates of coronary angiography (CA) after myocardial infarction (MI) vary widely between institutions. Furthermore, the indications for CA are often in conflict with recognized guidelines. The present study sought to determine the characteristics and the one-year mortality in patients with MI, regardless of age and hospital facilities, according to ...
Roehrborn Claus G - - 2003
Lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) associated with clinical benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) are a common occurrence in aging men, causing bother and interference with daily activities and affecting disease-specific quality of life. There is increasing evidence to suggest that, in many patients, the signs and symptoms of BPH are progressive. ...
Roehrborn Claus G - - 2003
Lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) associated with clinical benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) are a common occurrence in aging men, causing bother and interference with daily activities and affecting disease-specific quality of life. There is increasing evidence to suggest that, in many patients, the signs and symptoms of BPH are progressive. ...
Kil P J M - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the prognostic significance of serially measured tissue polypeptide-specific antigen (TPS) levels in patients with metastatic prostatic carcinoma treated with intermittent maximal androgen blockade (MAB). To determine its value with respect to predicting response to treatment and time to clinical progression. Finally to compare TPS with prostate-specific antigen ...
Falsaperla M - - 2003
Ca 15-3 is an aspecific tumor marker characteristic of cancer proliferation. Elevated serum levels seem to be closely correlated with cancer progression in non-urological tumors. This study assessed the role of Ca 15-3 as an aspecific tumor marker in patients with borderline prostate-specific antigen (PSA) biochemically suspected of prostate cancer ...
Rockman Caron B - - 2003
Proponents of carotid angioplasty and stenting (CAS) believe that this technique would be preferred over carotid endarterectomy (CEA) for the high-risk patient. Presumably this would include patients over 80 years of age. However, a recent large series of patients undergoing CAS revealed a 16% incidence of nonfatal strokes and deaths ...
Duman Can - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Elevated tumor marker levels have been reported in heart failure patients with left ventricular (LV) systolic dysfunction and enlargement. The levels of several tumor markers, including CA 125, CA 19-9, CA 15-3 and CEA, in rheumatic mitral stenotic patients were compared to the control group. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Tumor ...
Kutun Suat - - 2003
PURPOSE: The spread of colorectal carcinoma (CRC) affects both staging and treatment. In this prospective study we examined the relationship between carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) levels in bile, mesenteric venous blood, and peripheral venous blood, and the presence of occult hepatic metastases in patients with CRC. METHODS: Sixty patients who underwent ...
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