Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 1040
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Ohkusu Y - - 2003
We evaluated the usefulness of the total myocardial uptake ratio (TMUR) of 15-(p-[123I]iodophenyl)-3(R,S)-methyl-pentadecanoic acid (123I-BMIPP) for predicting cardiac complications in patients with mitochondrial encephalomyopathy or myotonic dystrophy. Six patients with mitochondrial encephalomyopathy, four with myotonic dystrophy, and 10 control subjects were studied. Quantitative assessment of 123I-BMIPP dynamic myocardial imaging was ...
Avasarala Jagannadha R - - 2003
Mitoxantrone is a recently approved drug for patients with secondary progressive multiple sclerosis (SPMS). However, cardiac side effects limit Mitoxantrone use in SPMS and its lifetime cumulative dose should not exceed 140 mg/m2. Additionally, Mitoxantrone is contraindicated for use in SPMS patients with a baseline left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) ...
Young Lawrence H - - 2003
Effective diagnosis and treatment of coronary artery disease (CAD) are key to the management of patients with diabetes. Although the use of specialized cardiac testing for CAD screening in asymptomatic patients varies widely and is the source of current controversy, evidence is emerging on the prevalence and predictors of asymptomatic ...
Gibbs M W - - 2003
We describe a patient who developed a type I anaphylactic reaction to intravenous cefazolin. The patient had no known drug allergies and had previously received intraoperative intravenous cefazolin 2 months prior without any problems. Forty-fives after receiving cefazolin 1 g i.v. and while fully awake, the patient experienced shortness of ...
Sandri Maria Teresa - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Increased cardiac troponin I (cTnI) in patients treated with high-dose chemotherapy (HDCT) for aggressive malignancy has been proposed as an early marker of late HDCT-induced cardiac dysfunction. We investigated whether cTnI measured by the Stratus CS (Dade Behring) would allow detection of minimal cTnI increases in patients treated with ...
Rosenthal Daniel I - - 2003
PURPOSE: To evaluate changes in cardiac and respiratory rates in a consecutive series of patients who underwent percutaneous treatment for lesions presumed to be osteoid osteoma in whom general anesthesia was established. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Changes in cardiac and respiratory rates were evaluated after establishment of stable general anesthesia in ...
Yoshimura Rikio - - 2003
PURPOSE: It is hard to decide an accurate value for the so-called dry weight (DW) in hemodialysis patients with cardiac disease. Our objective is to evaluate the efficacy of echocardiography to decide DW. PATIENTS AND METHODS: 115 patients on hemodialysis were divided into 2 groups: the cardiac disease group and ...
Biffi Mauro - - 2003
Idiopathic ventricular fibrillation (VF) is diagnosed in up to nearly 10% of survivors of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. The arrhythmogenic substrate is unknown. This study examined the role of cardiac innervation as a possible contributor to this arrhythmia. Eight patients with idiopathic VF were compared with eight normal subjects (controls) by ...
Singh S - - 2003
Influenza is a potentially life-threatening illness that affects approximately 10% of the population annually, with resulting personal misery and societal disruption. Oseltamivir is a novel influenza treatment that has been extensively investigated. We describe a series of retrospective analyses investigating various measures of clinical efficacy across different populations of influenza-infected ...
McElhinney Doff B - - 2002
Congenital heart disease is present in 40-50% of individuals with Down syndrome. Although cardiovascular evaluation is a standard component of the diagnostic work-up in patients with Down syndrome, the value of routine neonatal echocardiography in this population is debated. We studied 114 neonates with Down syndrome who underwent both cardiac ...
Eggebrecht Holger - - 2002
Despite recent advances in interventional cardiology, vascular access complications continue to be a significant problem. Conventional manual compression of the femoral access site is associated with prolonged immobilization and significant patient discomfort. We investigated the performance of a collagen-based closure device applied immediately after catheterization and its complication rate in ...
Araújo-Jorge Tania C - - 2002
Cardiac dysfunction with progressive fibrosis is a hallmark of Chagas disease. To evaluate the involvement of transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta1 in this disease, TGF-beta1 levels in patients were measured at 3 stages: asymptomatic indeterminate (IND), cardiac with no or slight heart dysfunction (Card 1), and cardiac with moderate or severe ...
Booth Karen L - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: The goal of this study was to describe the clinical outcomes of patients undergoing cardiac catheterization while supported with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO). BACKGROUND: Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation is an important mechanical support for the failing circulation. There are diagnostic and therapeutic indications for cardiac catheterization in patients on ECMO, ...
Schwartz Andrei - - 2002
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to evaluate a possible association between serum phosphate levels and the incidence of cardiac arrhythmias in the early stages of sepsis. METHODS: We conducted a prospective, controlled study in the General Intensive Care Unit (GICU) of a university hospital. Sixteen patients with sepsis, ...
Kampmann Christoph - - 2002
Anderson Fabry disease is a life threatening, X-linked inborn metabolic defect of the lysosomal enzyme áalpha-galactosidase A. The deficiency of alpha-galactosidase A leads to a progressive accumulation of globotriaosylceramide (Gb(3)), the major glycosphingolipid substrate of the enzyme, within vulnerable cells, tissues, and organs, including the cardiovascular system. Cardiac involvement is ...
Shenkman Ze'ev - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Tuberous sclerosis (TS) is a hamartomatous disease that usually presents with cutaneous and intracranial lesions, but can also affect other organ systems. METHODS: In this report, we retrospectively reviewed the perioperative course of 24 children with TS who had medically intractable seizures as the primary disease process. RESULTS: Cardiac ...
Bossone Eduardo - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Patients hospitalized in medical ICUs (MICUs) with acute noncardiac illnesses have an undefined prevalence of underlying cardiovascular abnormalities. Because of the acuteness of illness, the need for frequent concurrent mechanical ventilation, and the nature of the underlying diseases, routine cardiac examination may be suboptimal for identifying concurrent cardiac abnormalities. ...
Yeragani Vikram K - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Studies have linked depression to sudden death and serious cardiovascular events in patients with preexisting cardiac illness. Recent studies have shown decreased vagal function in cardiac patients with depression and depressed patients without cardiac illness. METHODS: We compared 20-hour, sleeping, and awake heart period variability measures using spectral analysis, ...
Durongpisitkul Kritvikrom - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Beta-thalassemia major and beta-thalassemia/HbE are the important causes of chronic hemolytic anemia in Thailand. The objectives of the study were to determine variables associated with cardiac involvement in asymptomatic beta-thalassemia patients. PATIENTS AND METHOD: The authors studied beta-thalassemia major and beta-thalassemia/HbE patients who came to the clinic between July ...
Lin Angela E - - 2002
We review the cardiac abnormalities in 94 patients (27 new, 67 literature) with Costello syndrome, an increasingly recognized syndrome consisting of increased birth weight, postnatal growth retardation, and distinctive facial, skin, and musculoskeletal features (MIM 218040). A cardiac abnormality was found in 59 (63%) patients, with each of three categories ...
Bentsen G - - 2002
We describe a patient where intravenous injection of metoclopramide was immediately followed by asystole repeatedly. The patient received metoclopramide 10 mg i.v. five times during 48 h. After interviewing the attending nurses and reviewing the written documentation, it is clear that every administration of metoclopramide was immediately (within s) followed ...
Pons F - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: To report on the value of diagnostic videothoracoscopy in patients with possible penetrating cardiac wounds. METHODS: Thirteen patients admitted over a 4 year period with hemodynamic stability and a penetrating injury in cardiac proximity had exploratory videothoracoscopy. All data related to those patients were retrospectively reviewed. RESULTS: Eighty-five percent ...
Ladwig Karl-Heinz - - 2002
The psychophysiological startle response pattern associated with peritraumatic dissociation (DISS) was studied in 103 survivors of a life-threatening cardiac event (mean age 61.0 years, SD 13.95). Mean time period since the cardiac event was 37 (79 IQD) months. All patients underwent a psychodiagnostic evaluation (including the Peritraumatic Dissociative Experiences Questionnaire) ...
Fonseka M M D - - 2002
Cardiac toxicity after self-poisoning from ingestion of yellow oleander seeds is common in Sri Lanka. We studied all patients with yellow oleander poisoning (YOP) admitted to a secondary care hospital in north central Sri Lanka from May to August 1999, with the objective of determining the outcome of management using ...
Schinkel Arend F L - - 2002
99mTc-Tetrofosmin is a recently introduced radioactive isotope for the assessment of myocardial perfusion. Data regarding the prognostic value of stress imaging using this isotope are scarce. The aim of this study was to assess the prognostic value of dobutamine-atropine (99m)Tc-tetrofosmin SPECT for the prediction of late cardiac events in patients ...
McD Taylor David - - 2002
We describe a patient stung by an unknown jellyfish species offshore in Far North Queensland. The sting caused immediate and severe pain, multiple whip-like skin lesions and constitutional symptoms. The jellyfish tentacular nematocysyts were similar to, but distinct from, those of Carukia barnesi, a cause of the 'Irukandji' syndrome. The ...
Tsavaris Nicolas - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Although cardiotoxicity associated with 5-Fluorouracil (5-FU) administration is infrequent, there are case reports of acute coronary syndromes. We report on patients undergoing 5-FU chemotherapy who developed cardiac symptoms during its administration.MATERIAL/METHODS: In patients receiving 5-FU who experienced cardiac-related symptoms, ECG and serum cardiac enzyme determination were performed. If cardiotoxicity ...
Merlevede Karen - - 2002
Although cardiac complications are well known in myotonic dystrophy (DM), patients rarely manifest symptoms of cardiac disease, and if so they most often show conduction abnormalities or arrhythmia. In this study, specific cardiac findings were reviewed in 79 patients with DM. No correlation was found between the cardiac assessments and ...
Peters Matthew J - - 2002
1. The great majority of smokers are chronically dependent on tobacco. This dependence arises from the rituals and sensory associations of smoking that are reinforced, within seconds, by a rapid burst of nicotine from the cigarette. 2. All forms of nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) -- gum, patches and inhaler -- ...
Röggla Martin - - 2002
BACKGROUND: The optimal rewarming technique for patients in deep accidental hypothermia with core temperatures below 28 degrees C is not established. Several authors believe that extracorporeal rewarming is essential, especially for patients with hemodynamic instability. Others believe that invasive rewarming ought to be reserved for patients in cardiac arrest. We ...
Kamínek Milan - - 2002
PURPOSE: The authors wanted to identify those patients assessed by exercise SPECT in whom the quantification of lung Tl-201 uptake helps to evaluate disease prognosis. METHODS: One hundred forty-nine patients (114 men, 35 women; 74 after myocardial infarction [MI]; mean age, 54 +/- 9 years) underwent exercise Tl-201 SPECT. The ...
Farid Ibrahim - - 2002
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To review the new consensus guidelines for cardiac testing for the patient with cardiac disease scheduled for elective, noncardiac surgery, and their impact on cardiac functional testing. DESIGN: Retrospective chart review study. SETTING: Tertiary care medical center. PATIENTS: 181 patients scheduled for elective, major surgery who met American ...
Puille Max - - 2002
Familial amyloidotic polyneuropathy (FAP) caused by amyloidogenic transthyretin (ATTR) mutations is the most common form of hereditary amyloidosis. We investigated the diagnostic value of the bone scanning agent technetium-99m 3,3-diphosphono-1,2-propanodicarboxylic acid (99mTc-DPD) in this disease. Eight patients (four males, four females; age 54.4+/-8.3 years, range 43-67 years) with ATTR-FAP proven ...
Tracey J A - - 2002
Bupropion is a monocyclic antidepressant structurally related to amphetamine. Zyban, a sustained-release formulation of bupropion hydrochloride, was recently released in Ireland, as a smoking cessation aid. In the initial 6 months since it's introduction, 12 overdose cases have been reported to The National Poisons Information Centre. 8 patients developed symptoms ...
Ai Amy L - - 2002
This study investigated the prevalence, pattern, perceived benefits, and predictors of the use of complementary and alternative therapies (CAM) among middle-aged and older patients prior to cardiac surgery. Comprehensive information of 246 patients who came for preoperative medical assessment was obtained through face-to-face interviews. CAM utility of 225 was obtained ...
Miric Alexander - - 2002
To study the relationship between patient weight and perioperative morbidity, 512 total knee arthroplasties performed in 406 patients were reviewed. Patient height, weight, medical history, length of hospital stay, discharge destination (home versus rehabilitation facility), and all complications were recorded. Height and weight were used to calculate a body mass ...
Catipovic-Veselica K - - 2001
We investigated prospectively the relationship of Type A behavior and its subcomponents with cardiac mortality and recurrent nonfatal cardiac events in a 2-yr. follow-up of 90 patients [69 men and 21 women, M age=56.4 yr., SD=8.4] after acute coronary syndrome. Type A behavior was assessed via the general Bortner Type ...
Klotz S - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Acute nonocclusive mesenteric ischemia (NOMI) is a rare but often fatal event after cardiac surgery. METHODS: Twenty patients with ongoing ileus after cardiac surgery despite maximal laxative treatment underwent selective mesenteric angiography. In cases of pathological radiographic findings, papaverine was continuously administered via an intraarterial perfusion catheter. RESULTS: Severe ...
Gozal D - - 2001
Immobility and cardiovascular stability are required for cardiac catheterization. Pediatric patients need a type of sedation that also allows spontaneous ventilation without supplemental oxygen. Propofol has been adequate in hemodynamically stable patients with congenital heart disease undergoing cardiac catheterization. However, mild systemic hypotension caused by propofol may increase a preexisting ...
Lodi R - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: Friedreich ataxia (FRDA), the commonest form of inherited ataxia, is often associated with cardiac hypertrophy and cardiac dysfunction is the most frequent cause of death. In 97%, FRDA is caused by a homoplasmic GAA triplet expansion in the FRDA gene on chromosome 9q13 that results in deficiency of frataxin, ...
Kürkciyan I - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: Spontaneous subarachnoid haemorrhage as a cause of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest is poorly evaluated. We analyse disease-specific and emergency care data in order to improve the recognition of subarachnoid haemorrhage as a cause of cardiac arrest. DESIGN: We searched a registry of cardiac arrest patients admitted after primarily successful resuscitation ...
Hu P - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To determine and compare the effects of hematocrit and serum constituents on the blood solubilities of volatile anesthetics in different cardiac surgical patients. DESIGN: Descriptive SETTING: University hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty healthy adult volunteers, 40 adult cardiac patients, and 20 pediatric cardiac patients. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Blood/gas partition coefficients ...
Ng S M - - 2001
Rapid, efficient, and accurate evaluation of chest pain patients in the emergency department optimizes patient care from public health, economic, and liability perspectives. To evaluate the performance of an accelerated critical pathway for patients with suspected coronary ischemia that utilizes clinical history, electrocardiographic findings, and triple cardiac marker testing (cardiac ...
Mustafa I - - 2001
Cardiac cachexia is divided into two types, i.e., the classic type, which occurs in patients with severe heart failure, and the nosocomial type, which develops in the postoperative state. Cardiac cachexia is due both to a decrease in nutrient intake (anorexia, malabsorption) and to specific metabolic alterations (hypercatabolism with increased ...
Rodrigus I E - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: The Abiomed BVS 5000 ventricular assist device (VAD) has been approved in Belgium for emergency cardiac support in patients with postcardiotomy failure with the aim of native heart function recovery. Other indications have emerged from world wide experience, but the indication and usefulness of emergency implantation of assist devices ...
Kown M H - - 2001
Annexin V binds phosphatidylserine moieties on apoptotic cells. This study reports the initial experience at Stanford University Medical Center with 99mTc-labeled annexin V imaging as a noninvasive measure of apoptosis in acute cardiac rejection. Ten cardiac transplant patients had 99mTc Annexin V imaging and endomyocardial biopsy (EMB) performed within 24 ...
Arntz H R - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Several methods have been developed to improve the efficacy of mechanical resuscitation, because organ perfusion achieved with conventional manual resuscitation is often insufficient. In animal studies, phased chest and abdominal compression-decompression resuscitation by use of the Lifestick device has resulted in a better outcome compared with that of conventional ...
Harris D G - - 2001
Patients with penetrating cardiac injuries present in a stable or only mildly shocked condition--especially if the laceration has sealed off and the patient has been adequately resuscitated. A large proportion of patients presenting to our unit are in a reasonably stable condition after resuscitation, and rapid diagnosis may be difficult. ...
Schwarz B - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether a decrease in cardiac output of >or=50% after vena cava clamping is associated with an increase in perioperative morbidity or mortality in patients undergoing orthotopic liver transplantation without venovenous bypass. DESIGN: Retrospective, clinical study. PARTICIPANTS: Patients undergoing elective orthotopic liver transplantation without venovenous bypass (n = ...
Lang K - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular diseases determine overall mortality in patients with end-stage renal failure. Therefore, testing for myocardial ischemia is important. Elevation of cardio-specific troponins have been frequently measured in patients with end-stage renal failure. Thus, we studied systematically whether patients on chronic intermittent hemodialysis without overt coronary heart disease have increased ...
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