Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 1041
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Rudner Robert - - 2004
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the outcome of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (CA) and cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) in the city of Katowice, Poland, during a period of 1 year prior to the planned reorganization of the national emergency system. Data were collected prospectively according to a modified Utstein ...
Dinckal Mustafa Hakan - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: This study sought to evaluate the potential prognostic usefulness of QT dispersion (QTd) in patients with unstable angina. METHODS AND RESULTS: QTd was calculated and plasma troponin T (TnT) level was measured and rest perfusion imaging with Tc-99m sestamibi was performed in 62 patients admitted with chest pain at ...
Smith Stephen W - - 2004
Patients with symptoms suggestive of, but at low risk for, acute coronary syndrome (ACS), who have a negative electrocardiogram (EKG) and a single normal troponin I at 6-9 h after symptom onset are frequently discharged from our Emergency Department (ED). We sought to determine their rate of adverse cardiac events ...
Marshall Julie - - 2004
Nesiritide is a recombinant formulation of brain-type natriuretic factor. Preliminary experience in the adult population suggests that nesiritide may be an effective agent in the treatment of decompensated congestive heart failure. Given its physiologic effects, it may be an effective agent in the pediatric population; however, to date, there are ...
Lederer Wolfgang - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: The long-term outcome in patients who received recombinant tissue plasminogen activator during cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) of non-traumatic aetiology was assessed. METHODS: The neurological outcome in survivors and their level of performance, subjective well-being and quality of life were evaluated. RESULTS: A follow-up study of ...
Herzog Charles A - - 2004
Dialysis patients are at high risk for death, and cardiac disease accounts for 43% of all-cause mortality. The single greatest cause of death in dialysis patients is sudden cardiac death. The survival of dialysis patients after cardiac arrest is poor. Clinical strategies for improving the outcomes of dialysis patients should ...
Mizon-Gérard Frédérique - - 2004
AIMS: To assess the possible effect of functional polymorphisms in matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) gene promoters on the clinical outcome of patients with heart failure. METHODS AND RESULTS: We studied 444 consecutive patients who were referred to our centre for evaluation of left ventricular dysfunction. We extracted genomic DNA from white ...
Stables R H - - 2004
BACKGROUND: A number of initiatives have employed nurses in roles traditionally associated with the medical profession but few have been evaluated in prospective randomised studies. This paper reports the results of a randomised controlled trial to assess the performance of a nurse practitioner (NP), trained to prepare patients for diagnostic ...
Uzun Mehmet - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Thoracic impedance cardiography (TIC) is a noninvasive method which has proved to be useful in monitoring the haemodynamic status of the patients. In this study, we evaluated the TIC findings in patients with pericardial effusion and cardiac tamponade. METHODS AND RESULTS: The study consisted of patients with pericardial effusion ...
Imasaka Ken-ichi - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Mechanical cardiac support system (MCSS) has been used for adult patients in postcardiotomy cardiogenic shock and has been shown to provide excellent oxygenation and hemodynamic support. However, MCSS has a number of disadvantages that include high incidence rate of complications (e.g. stroke, bleeding) and limited duration of sufficient support. ...
Thorgaard Bitten - - 2004
PURPOSE: To investigate the effect of a specially selected music sound environment on the feeling of wellbeing of adult, lightly sedated patients in a Cardiac Catheter Laboratory undergoing invasive procedures. METHOD: Patients (n=193) were randomly assigned to either a music group, who listened to music during the procedure (n=99) or ...
de Barros-Mazon Sílvia - - 2004
In the search to identify differences in the immunological response between patients with the indeterminate or cardiac form of Chagas disease, trypomastigote-specific peripheral blood mononuclear cell (PBMC) proliferative responses were studied. Suppression of lymphoproliferation occurred in both groups of patients, being more intense in those with the cardiac form. By ...
Schwartz Peter J - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The management of long-QT syndrome (LQTS) patients who continue to have cardiac events (CEs) despite beta-blockers is complex. We assessed the long-term efficacy of left cardiac sympathetic denervation (LCSD) in a group of high-risk patients. METHODS AND RESULTS: We identified 147 LQTS patients who underwent LCSD. Their QT interval ...
Lien Wan-Ching - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: To determine the incidence of sonographic hepatic portal venous gas (HPVG) and to clarify the relationship between the presence of HPVG and clinical outcomes in patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA). METHODS: From April 2002 to January 2003, patients with non-traumatic OHCA were prospectively enrolled in a tertiary medical ...
Tsutsui T - - 2004
PURPOSE: For evaluation of the autonomic nervous system (ANS) activity of patients with mechanical circulatory support including LVAD, IABP and PCPS, arterial pressure variability (APV) was examined. APV is the power density values of pressure signals. High frequency (0.15 to 0.4 Hz) and low frequency (0.04 to 0.15 Hz) components ...
Adedoyin Olanrewaju - - 2004
Anecdotal reports suggest a higher frequency of serious cardiac complications, particularly cardiomyopathy and congestive heart failure (CHF), in children with focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS). We report the occurrence of cardiac disease in children with FSGS compared with other glomerular causes of primary nephrotic syndrome (NS). A chart review was performed ...
Vanbrabant Peter - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To determine our knowledge in terms of cause of death and quality of death certification about patients who die in the emergency department. To establish the role of autopsy in this matter. METHODS: Retrospective chart review of all patients dying in an academic emergency department (ED) of a tertiary ...
Ramaswamy Archana - - 2004
Morbidly obese patients are considered at high risk for perioperative complications and often undergo extensive testing for preoperative clearance. We analyzed prospectively collected data from 193 patients undergoing weight loss surgery between November 2000 and November 2002. Preoperative chest x-ray examination, pulmonary function tests, noninvasive cardiac testing, and blood work ...
Levin Ricardo L - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The discovery of nitric oxide as mediator in cardiac postoperative vasoplegia encourages the use of inhibitory drugs such as methylene blue. This drug has been used with favorable results in isolated cases. The purpose of this article is to analyze the incidence of the postoperative vasoplegic syndrome, to consider ...
Bueno Ronaldo - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Hypertonic saline-dextran (HSD) solution may be beneficial in patients undergoing coronary artery surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass. Valvular dysfunction is associated with high pulmonary wedge pressure, pulmonary hypertension, and ventricular dysfunction. Fluid overload or transient left ventricular failure may occur with HSD infusion in such patients. This study evaluates the ...
Zhang Xiaoli - - 2004
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the long-term prognostic value of exercise technetium-99m methoxyisobutylisonitrile ((99m)Tc-MIBI) single-photon emission tomography (SPET) imaging in patients after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Three hundred and eighteen consecutive post-PCI patients who underwent exercise and rest (99m)Tc-MIBI SPET myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) were followed up ...
Hess Erik P - - 2004
Primary systemic amyloidosis (AL) is a well-recognized systemic disease, and cardiac amyloidosis accounts for 10% of all nonischemic cardiomyopathies [J S C Med Assoc 97 (2001) 201-206]. The median survival of patients with symptomatic congestive heart failure secondary to cardiac amyloidosis is 4 months [New Engl J Med 336 (1997) ...
Roberts M A - - 2004
AIMS: Coronary artery disease is the major cause of death in patients with end-stage renal failure on dialysis. This study aimed to assess the predictive value of a single cardiac troponin I (cTnI), and also the kinetics of serial values. METHODS: Since cTnI is a potential biomarker of cardiac outcome, ...
Dogan Riza - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Congenital lobar emphysema (CLE) is an uncommon cause of infantile respiratory distress. It is diagnosed on the basis of evidence of lobar overaeration, mediastinal shift, and compression of the adjacent lobe. Concomitant congenital heart disease (CHD) and CLE is not uncommon. In the literature a 12% to 20% concomitance ...
Yokoyama Naoyuki - - 2004
Clinical data and contrast stress echocardiography (CSE) results were analyzed in 283 patients to establish the prognostic value of CSE for patients with limited echocardiogram image quality at baseline. The mean follow-up period was 736 +/- 337 days. Only 7 patients (2.5%) had nondiagnostic image quality with contrast enhancement. During ...
Ishikawa Kinji - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Although the favorable effects of beta-blockers in the treatment of myocardial infarction (MI) have been repeatedly demonstrated in Western countries, administration of this drug has been limited in Japan. METHODS AND RESULTS: The study group of 1,896 patients with MI was retrospectively divided into 1,029 patients treated by beta-blockers ...
Gorcsan John J - - 2004
To test the hypothesis that hand-carried ultrasound (HCU) may influence patient treatment on consultative cardiology rounds, 235 patients who were hospitalized (aged 65 +/- 10 years) were studied. First, routine treatment decisions regarding diagnostic workup and therapy were made from patient history, physical examination, 12-lead electrocardiogram, and chart data. Second, ...
Bacha Emile A. - - 2004
Abstract Background: Minimally invasive strategies can be expanded by combining standard surgical and interventional techniques. Methods: A longitudinal prospective study was conducted of all pediatric patients who have undergone hybrid cardiac surgery at the University of Chicago Children's Hospital. Hybrid cardiac surgery was defined as combined catheter-based and surgical interventions ...
Sutton C D - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to identify the mode of presentation of patients with clinical anastomotic leaks following restorative colorectal resection for carcinoma. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Prospective information was collected on all patients having restorative resection of colorectal cancer. These data were reviewed for a five-year period (1994-1998) ...
Bertolet Barry D BD Cardiology Associates of North Mississippi, Tupelo, Mississippi, USA. - - 2004
This article reviews the precautions and adverse effects associated with vesnarinone use, and the potential mechanisms responsible for these complications as well as suggested treatment strategies. Vesnarinone, a quinolinone derivative, improves the haemodynamics and quality of life in patients with congestive heart failure (CHF); however, it is associated with the ...
Rocco Monica - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the reliability and clinical value of partial noninvasive CO2 (NICO2) rebreathing technique for measuring cardiac output compared with standard thermodilution in a group of intensive care nonpostoperative patients. DESIGN AND SETTING: Clinical investigation in a university hospital ICU. PATIENTS: Twelve mechanically ventilated patients with high (n=6) and ...
Hattori Takeshi - - 2003
To clarify the clinicopathological features of cardiac amyloidosis in transthyretin (TTR) familial amyloid polyneuropathy (FAP), 169 patients were divided into three groups. Group I consisted of 113 patients with ATTR Val30Met who originated from an endemic focus, II consisted of 36 patients with ATTR Val30Met in nonendemic areas, and III ...
Heyer Christoph M - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Lipomatous hypertrophy of the interatrial septum (LHIS) is a benign disorder characterized by fat accumulation in the interatrial septum. It typically occurs in elderly, obese patients and may cause arrhythmia. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to determine the imaging features of this cardiac pathology using multislice CT ...
Dinckal M Hakan - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Troponin T (TnT) and rest perfusion imaging (RPI) have been reported to be important diagnostic tools for risk stratification in patients with chest pain. METHODS: We investigated the association between two methods in 60 patients presenting with typical chest pain at rest within the last 6 h before admission. ...
Dunning Joel - - 2003
The spectrum of patients receiving cardiac surgery are increasing in age and severity of illness. With the reduction of complications caused by the placement of an intra-aortic balloon pump (IABP) there is increasing interest in the placement of an IABP prophylactically. We sought to derive a scoring system to guide ...
Little M - - 2003
We present a retrospective review of twelve cases of Irukandji syndrome associated with pulmonary oedema. This is a life-threatening envenoming due to a presumed jellyfish sting throughout Northern Australia, although only one case occurred outside North Queensland. Patients presented with significant and ongoing pain, tachycardia and hypertension. Half the patients ...
Sabovic M - - 2003
We prospectively followed 63 patients with myotonic dystrophy (DM) after establishing diagnosis of DM for an average 8 years in an attempt to detect conduction disturbances (by electrocardiography and/or Holter monitoring) and sudden cardiac events (sudden death, cardiac syncope) and correlate them to potential predicting factors (CTG repeat expansion in ...
Boldt Joachim - - 2003
In cardiac surgery, acute renal failure (ARF) is more likely in elderly patients than in younger patients. We assessed whether kidney function is different between elderly and younger cardiac surgery patients by measuring kidney-specific proteins. Forty consecutive patients aged <60 yr and 40 patients aged >70 yr without preoperative kidney ...
Moriya Fumio - - 2003
We investigated tissue distribution of lidocaine in 33 patients after endotracheal intubation with Xylocaine jelly that contains 2% lidocaine hydrochloride. Blood levels of monoethylglycinexylidide (MEGX), an active metabolite of lidocaine, were also determined. Five patients (Group A) were alive on arrival and six patients (Group B) resumed heartbeats after cardiopulmonary ...
Arranto C A - - 2003
Antidepressants account for most poison-related admissions to intensive care units. In selected patients with confirmed cyclic antidepressant intoxication a QRS interval <0.1 s in the ECG limb leads during the first six hours excludes adverse cardiac events. However, the incidence of cardiac events and the value of ECG criteria have ...
Grise Mark A - - 2003
Transplant vasculopathy significantly limits the survival of cardiac transplant patients and occurs in 50% of patients by 5 years posttransplant. We report our experience with six cardiac transplant patients who underwent intracoronary brachytherapy for in-stent restenosis. At four centers, six patients underwent intracoronary radiation for in-stent restenosis. All patients received ...
Bullon P - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: In the last few years, several studies have suggested that periodontal diseases are related to the development of atherosclerosis and its complications. Our objective was to study the ultrastructural morphology of the gingiva from cardiac patients, some of whom were treated and some not with calcium channel blockers compared ...
Lawrenson John - - 2003
In all patients undergoing cardiac surgery, the effective delivery of oxygen to the tissues is of paramount importance. In the patient with relatively normal cardiac structures, the pulmonary and systemic circulations are relatively independent of each other. In the patient with a functional single ventricle, the pulmonary and systemic circulations ...
Yu Xiaoli - - 2003
Our group has demonstrated that tangential radiation therapy (RT) to the left breast or chest wall can cause perfusion changes in the anterior myocardium. We assess if RT-induced perfusion changes are associated with the development of symptoms consistent with cardiac dysfunction. Between 1998 and 2001, 114 patients were enrolled into ...
Hourmand-Ollivier Isabelle - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Potential cardiac sources of embolism may promote ischemic colitis. The aim of this study was to evaluate their role in segmental, nongangrenous ischemic colitis and to determine the usefulness of routine cardiac evaluation in patients with this disease. METHODS: Sixty case and 60 control patients matched for age and ...
Ottesen Michael Mundt - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To study prehospital behaviour of patients admitted with acute coronary syndrome or witnessed cardiac arrest. DESIGN: Structured interview of 250 consecutive patients with acute coronary syndrome and relatives of 48 patients with witnessed cardiac arrest. The following courses of action were studied: contact the emergency medical service (centre); contact ...
Mazzadi Alejandro N - - 2003
Although mutations in cardiac sodium and potassium channel genes are associated with congenital long QT syndrome (LQTS), a "modifier" role of the sympathetic nervous system was proposed to explain the distinct severity of the disease. We evaluated cardiac sympathetic innervation using [11C]hydroxyephedrine ([11C]HED) and positron emission tomography (PET) in genotyped ...
Beciani Marta - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Elevated serum cardiac troponin T (cTnT) levels are frequently observed in chronic dialysis patients and have been shown to be associated with increased morbidity and mortality. The aim of this study was to determine whether cardiac troponin I (cTnI), which is less frequently elevated, has similar clinical significance. METHODS: ...
Akincioglu C - - 2003
We evaluated the cardiac innervation status of patients with idiopathic Parkinson's disease (IPD), in order to recognize cardiac dysautonomia at an early clinical stage, using I- -iodobenzylguanidine ( I-MIBG) scintigraphy and its relation to other clinical and laboratory parameters. Fourteen patients with IPD at Hoehn-Yahr stage I and 11 age-matched ...
Schwarz Birgit - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Mechanical circulatory support can maintain vital organ perfusion in patients with cardiac failure unresponsive to standard pharmacologic treatment. The purpose of the current study was to report complication and survival rates in patients supported with emergency percutaneous venoarterial cardiopulmonary bypass because of prolonged cardiogenic shock or cardiopulmonary arrest. DESIGN: ...
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