Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 1041
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Kolackova Martina - - 2008
Activation of innate immunity cells is inseparably linked to cardiac surgical operation. The aim of this study was to assess the kinetics in the expression of receptor for Fc part of IgG, FcgammaRI (CD64), and scavenger receptor CD163 on peripheral blood cells of cardiac surgical patients and to examine the ...
Petretta Mario - - 2008
BACKGROUND: A prospective, multicenter trial has been designed to evaluate the impact of inducible ischemia by stress single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) in diabetic patients and to define the role of SPECT in assessing the cardiac risk in such patients. This report presents the details and implications of the ...
Dunkelgrun Martin - - 2008
Patients scheduled for major vascular surgery are screened for cardiac risk factors using standardized risk indexes, including diabetes mellitus (DM). Screening in patients without a history of DM includes fasting glucose measurement. However, an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) could significantly improve the detection of DM and impaired glucose tolerance ...
Bigi Mohamad Ali Babaee - - 2008
AIMS: Risk stratification in Brugada syndrome (BS) is controversial especially in asymptomatic individuals. The aim of this study was to evaluate the significance of cardiac autonomic neuropathy (CAN) in BS. METHODS AND RESULTS: Patients diagnosed with Brugada ECG pattern were enrolled in the study. Four standard cardiac autonomic function tests ...
Lange U - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The occurrence of a variety of pathological lesions of the heart and kidneys have been described in patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS). The frequency of these alterations and whether they are specific for AS has been discussed controversially. - METHODS: Outpatients with AS were studied to determine the frequency ...
Suresh N - - 2007
AIM: To describe the clinical and laboratory profile of Kawasaki disease in south India and compare patients with normal and abnormal cardiac status. METHODS: This was a nested case-control study. All patients admitted to Kanchi Kamakoti CHILDS Trust Hospital, Chennai with Kawasaki disease between January 2002 and March 2006 were ...
Filsoufi Farzan - - 2008
It is well known that end-stage renal failure requiring dialysis negatively impacts early and late outcome of cardiac surgery. However, data with respect to non-dialysis-dependent renal failure patients (NDRF) are limited. We retrospectively analyzed 6940 consecutive patients undergoing cardiac surgery from January 1998 to September 2006. Patients undergoing cardiac transplantation ...
Hawkins Beau M - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Autopsy studies consistently demonstrate cardiac involvement in thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP), but clinical evidence for cardiac abnormalities is rarely reported. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: This systematic review addresses the apparent discrepancy between autopsy and clinical data. English language articles were identified by keywords for both TTP and for cardiac ...
Noiseux Nicolas - - 2008
With limited resources, cardiac surgery is frequently cancelled due to lack of ICU beds. Immediate postoperative extubation (UFT) is performed in our hospital setting. The aim of the present study is to report patients undergoing off-pump aortocoronary bypass grafting (OPCABG) with immediate extubation and no ICU stay. Eighty-five patients undergoing ...
Wolf Christian - - 2008
PURPOSE: Friedreich ataxia (FRDA) is characterized by GAA expansions in the intron 1 of the frataxin gene correlating with disease onset and progression as well as cardiac affection. Accordingly, FRDA patients with early disease onset show a clear impairment of mitochondrial function in the myocardium. The purpose of this study ...
Toyama Takuji - - 2008
Carvedilol therapy has been reported to be more effective than other beta-blockers in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF). Amiodarone is an anti-arrhythmic medicine that has also been reported to be effective in patients with CHF. But the usefulness of combined therapy with carvedilol and amiodarone has not been reported. ...
Bajwa Ednan K - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Although a number of studies have reported elevated levels of markers of myocardial necrosis among critically ill patients, the association between these markers and outcome remains poorly studied in patients with lung injury. We investigated the association of elevated troponin and creatine phosphokinase isoenzyme levels with mortality and organ ...
Yannopoulos Demetris - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: Animal and human studies support mild therapeutic hypothermia as an effective means of preventing brain injury in comatose patients resuscitated from cardiac arrest. However, there is little clinical experience with predicting neurologic outcome in this patient population. We present 4 comatose patients resuscitated from cardiac arrest treated with mild ...
Benezet-Mazuecos Juan - - 2007
AIMS: Cardiac remote telemetry (CR-TEL) is in wide use in cardiac units, but its diagnostic value in the setting of unexplained syncope is unknown. METHODS: One hundred and two consecutive patients (73 +/- 14 years) arriving to the emergency department due to an unexplained syncope were admitted under CR-TEL. Heart ...
Hatala Rose - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Many standardized patient (SP) encounters employ SPs without physical findings and, thus, assess physical examination technique. The relationship between technique, accurate bedside diagnosis, and global competence in physical examination remains unclear. METHOD: Twenty-eight internists undertook a cardiac physical examination objective structured clinical examination, using three modalities: real cardiac patients ...
Adib-Conquy Minou - - 2007
Soluble triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cells 1 (sTREM-1) and procalcitonin (PCT) are often considered to be specific markers for infection. We evaluated plasma levels of sTREM-1 and PCT in patients with systemic inflammatory response syndrome but no sepsis. Noninfected patients undergoing elective heart surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass (n = ...
Fiorina Claudia - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The 6-min walking test (6MWT) is a simple test, which does not require expensive equipment or advanced training. It has been used in heart failure patients to assess exercise tolerance, the effects of therapy and prognosis. Accordingly, post-surgical cardiac rehabilitation may be a potential field of application of this ...
Miller Joseph B - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Suppression of the adrenal axis may occur frequently in post-cardiac arrest patients. Physiological doses of corticosteroids have been shown to reverse hypotension and decrease mortality in other forms of shock. We sought to investigate current clinical practice pertaining to the evaluation for relative adrenal insufficiency in post-cardiac arrest shock. ...
Ito Taku - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To identify cardiac metastases in a patient with a squamous cell carcinoma of the tongue and to clarify the relationship between cardiac metastases and sudden death. STUDY DESIGN: Autopsy and retrospective chart review for a patient. METHODS: We studied a Japanese patient who suddenly died after the operation and ...
Aggarwal Suneil Kumar - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Cardiac myxomas are an uncommon condition and most of the available information on their clinical features comes from smaller series of patients from developed countries. Our aim was to quantify and correlate the clinical and investigation findings in cardiac myxomas in a developing country and compare them with existing ...
Vogels Raymond L C - - 2007
Although heart failure (HF) is a common cardiovascular disorder, to date little research has been conducted into possible associations between HF and structural abnormalities of the brain. To determine the frequency and pattern of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) abnormalities in outpatients with chronic HF, and to identify any demographic and ...
Zeng Gengsheng L - - 2007
The use of convergent-beam SPECT can increase detection sensitivity; however, the projection data are likely to be truncated if the patient is not properly positioned. This article describes a patient-positioning method that has been adopted in our hospital for cardiac SPECT scans when convergent-beam collimators are used. METHODS: The system ...
Halon David A - - 2008
Contrast-enhanced multidetector-row computed tomography (MDCT) is now capable of providing high-quality noninvasive views of cardiac anatomy and 'instant' noninvasive coronary angiography. With current generation 64-slice scanners, MDCT can be performed in most patients with minimal patient discomfort and high diagnostic accuracy. MDCT may obviate the need for invasive diagnostic angiography ...
Kosmas Christos - - 2008
Cardiotoxicity associated with 5-Fluorouracil (5FU) administration has been infrequently reported in literature, albeit various series of acute coronary syndromes have recorded a low but definite incidence of the above toxicity. In the present study, patients undergoing 5FU-based and oral capecitabine (Xeloda-based chemotherapy were tested for the potential development of cardiac-related ...
Olivier Albert F - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Endomyocardial biopsy remains the gold standard to assess cardiac rejection in cardiac transplantation patients. The aim of this study is to evaluate the supportive role and benefits of real-time sonography in central venous access for cardiac biopsy. STUDY DESIGN: Between January and September 2006, a retrospective review was carried ...
Wallace Patricia A - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to describe our experience using sacral nerve neuromodulation for urinary urgency, frequency, and urge incontinence in patients with cardiac pacemakers. STUDY DESIGN: The study was a case series of 3 patients with cardiac pacemakers who underwent sacral nerve stimulation for refractory urgency, frequency, ...
Talapatra K - - 2007
The incidence of 5-fluorouracil (5-FU)-related cardiotoxicity seems to be dosage and schedule dependent. Although various other cardiac events have been reported in literature, a series of patients having transient asymptomatic bradycardia has not been reported in the literature as yet. We report such a series of patients who had transient ...
Sasaki Kazunari - - 2007
Angiogenesis is believed to be involved in the pathogenesis and progression of multiple myeloma (MM). In some young patients, the MM has been reported to be complicated with high-output cardiac failure (HOCF), in which an increase in the vascular bed may be involved in the pathogenesis; however, no throughput studies ...
Ebenroth Eric S - - 2007
Nearly 10 years ago, we studied a population of patients with d-transposition of the great arteries (DTGA) who had undergone the Mustard procedure 8-26 years earlier. The present study was undertaken to determine how that cohort of patients is currently functioning. Of the 45 original patients, 44 were located. Six ...
Xanthos Theodoros - - 2008
Silent myocardial ischemia (SMI) is a relatively common, yet poorly understood, clinical entity. The most accurate means of detecting SMI and the precise treatment endpoints remain unclear. However, the presence of SMI correlates with the likelihood of future adverse cardiac events. Evidence suggests that patients at high risk of severe ...
Iser David M - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND AIM: The rate of cardiac injury in upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage is unclear. The aims of this study were to determine prospectively the risk of cardiac troponin I release and associated adverse cardiac events in patients with acute upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage. METHODS: From January to September 2003, we prospectively ...
Lin Andrew - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Incidence of life threatening arrhythmia for patients who present to the ED with low-risk chest pain (CP) (non-ischaemic electrocardiograms and normal cardiac marker profiles) is rare. These patients are often transported with cardiac monitoring by nurse escort from the ED. We aimed to show that this group of patients ...
Linhart Ales - - 2007
AIMS: Anderson-Fabry disease (AFD) is an uncommon X-linked disorder caused by deficient activity of the lysosomal enzyme alpha-galactosidase A. The Fabry Outcome Survey is a European database designed to monitor the long-term efficacy and safety of enzyme replacement therapy (ERT) with agalsidase alfa. The aim of this study was to ...
Roy Christopher L CL Division of General Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Mass 02115, USA. - - 2007
Cardiac tamponade is a state of hemodynamic compromise resulting from cardiac compression by fluid trapped in the pericardial space. The clinical examination may assist in the decision to perform pericardiocentesis in patients with cardiac tamponade diagnosed by echocardiography. To systematically review the accuracy of the history, physical examination, and basic ...
Johnson Thorsten R C - - 2007
Our aim was to determine the diagnostic value of myocardial tagging sequences with regard to the evaluable share of the cardiac cycle. Thirty-three patients were examined at 1.5 T using tagging sequences with gradient-echo (GRE) readout, 18 patients at 1.5 T with steady-state free precession (SSFP), and 11 patients at ...
Kularatne S A M - - 2007
A high incidence of cardiac complications was observed in an outbreak of dengue fever at General Hospital, Peradeniya, Sri Lanka, in 2005. This report describes 120 serologically confirmed dengue fever patients who presented during the outbreak. Seventy-five (62.5%) of these patients had electrocardiogram changes (T inversion, ST depression, bundle branch ...
Yaplito-Lee J - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To determine the frequency, type, and severity of cardiac involvement in pediatric patients with oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS) disorders. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective review of clinical and laboratory records of all patients with definitive OXPHOS disorders diagnosed and treated at the Royal Children's Hospital in Melbourne between 1984 and 2005. RESULTS: ...
Yodogawa Kenji - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Electrocardiographic conduction abnormalities including development of atrioventricular block, bundle branch block or ventricular arrhythmias are characteristic manifestations of cardiac sarcoidosis (CS). The present study seeks to show the minute conduction abnormality by detection of late potentials (LP) on signal averaged electrocardiogram (SAECG). METHODS AND RESULTS: Ten patients with CS, ...
Laish-Farkash Avishag - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Unconscious adults with spontaneous circulation after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest should be cooled to 32-34 degrees C (ILCOR recommendations, 2003) when the initial rhythm is ventricular fibrillation. OBJECTIVES: To assess the technique, safety and efficacy of mild induced hypothermia in patients after OHCA due to VF. METHODS: Patients were cooled ...
Cramer G Etienne - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to test the usefulness of a bedside assay as compared to a laboratory method of troponin testing to predict adverse cardiac outcome of chest pain patients. METHODS: We studied 358 ER visits of patients suspected of a non ST-elevation acute coronary syndrome. cTnI (Immulite, DPC) ...
Chang Kiran - - 2007
Cancer patients frequently have anemia or an altered coagulation state that may affect their risk stratification for perioperative cardiac events. We performed this study to investigate the incidence of perioperative cardiac events in cancer patients who had abnormal stress myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) results versus cancer patients with normal MPI ...
Löfdahl C-G - - 2007
Epidemiological studies have indicated that chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) may be associated with an increased incidence of ischaemic cardiac events. The current authors performed a post hoc analysis of the European Respiratory Society's study on Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (EUROSCOP); a 3-yr, placebo-controlled study of an inhaled corticosteroid budesonide ...
Israel Ora - - 2007
The effect of multiple patient-related factors on the degree of cardiac 18F-FDG uptake was assessed. METHODS: Five hundred four consecutive patients undergoing routine 18F-FDG PET/CT studies completed a clinical questionnaire. 18F-FDG uptake was measured as the mean standardized uptake value within the heart delineated on the CT component of the ...
Liden Hans - - 2007
To study the achievability of device weaning in patients receiving left ventricular assist devices (LVADs) as a bridge to transplantation. Eighteen consecutive patients receiving a LVAD between September 1997 and June 2002 were included in the study. During a four-month follow-up, patients were repeatedly evaluated with right heart catheterization and ...
Verwey Bas - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the influence of stress on the recall of neutral information in a clinical setting, a prospective study was performed on patients who were admitted to the hospital for cardiac catheterization. METHODS: During their hospital stay, 39 cardiac patients were tested for verbal recall and face recognition before ...
Kumar R A - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Neurological injury after cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) continues to be a major problem after cardiac surgery. The aim of this study was to investigate the predictive value of Interleukin-18 (IL-18) and SC5b-9 as biochemical markers of neurocognitive dysfunction after cardiac surgery. METHODS: A total of 30 patients undergoing elective cardiac ...
Sommerer Claudia - - 2007
Cardiac biomarkers such as amino-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) and cardiac troponin T (cTNT) provide information on cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in patients with normal renal function. In a considerable number of chronic haemodialysis patients, both biomarkers - NT-proBNP and cTNT - are elevated despite the absence of cardiac ischaemia. ...
Furuhashi Tatsuhiko - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Cardiac iodine-123 metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) can be used to evaluate cardiac sympathetic nerve function and is useful for assessing the prognosis of patients with heart disease. Renal impairment in heart failure patients has been recognized as an independent risk factor for morbidity and mortality, and has been observed as abnormal ...
Meguro Kentaro - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Iodine-123 MIBG imaging has been used to study cardiac sympathetic function in various cardiac diseases. Central sleep apnea syndrome (CSAS) occurs frequently in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF) and is reported to be associated with a poor prognosis. One of the mechanisms of its poor prognosis may be ...
Braun J P - - 2007
We studied the influence of sequential involvement of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract on the development of multiple organ dysfunction (MOD) after cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). One hundred and forty-six patients undergoing elective cardiac surgery were included in this prospective observational study. Standardized oral inert-sugar tests (sucrose, lactulose, mannitol, sucralose) were performed ...
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