Search Results
Results 101 - 150 of 1041
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
John Jijo - - 2010
PURPOSE: The purpose of this retrospective study was to evaluate cardiac troponin-I (cTnI) as a 28-day mortality prognosticator and predictor for a drotrecogin alfa (activated) (DrotAA) survival benefit in recombinant human activated Protein C Worldwide Evaluation in Severe Sepsis patients. METHODS: Cardiac troponin-I was measured using the Access AccuTnI Troponin ...
Formica Francesco - - 2010
Adult patients supported on extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) are very sick and many complications are often present in each single patient; therefore, it is not always easy to find some risk factors that can predict the early outcome. This retrospective study reports our experience in ECMO support treatment in adult ...
Degano Bruno - - 2010
BACKGROUND: At diagnosis of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH), some patients are considered to have a "near-normal" 6-min walk distance (6MWD) (ie, > 450 m). Because they are generally excluded from randomized controlled trials, little is known about these patients. METHODS: We analyzed the baseline characteristics and treatment responses of 49 ...
Limkakeng Alexander T AT - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: The impact of renal disease on risk stratification of patients at low risk for potential acute coronary syndrome has not been well defined. The objective of this study was to document the prevalence of renal dysfunction and assess the association between renal impairment and abnormal cardiac evaluation in observation ...
Kashihara Kenichi - - 2010
We investigated cardiac uptake of (123)I-metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) in patients with REM sleep behavior disorder (RBD) and compared the findings with those of idiopathic Parkinson's disease (IPD). Thirteen RBD, 222 IPD and 50 controls underwent cardiac (123)I-MIBG scintigraphy. Resulting heart-to-mediastinum (H/M) ratios were significantly lower in patients with RBD and IPD ...
Peskine A - - 2010
PRIMARY OBJECTIVE: Cardiac arrest can cause neurological impairment. The aim of this study is to confirm the disability and the predominant part of executive and behavioural impairments after cardiac arrest. RESEARCH DESIGN: A retrospective study is proposed. METHODS AND PROCEDURES: All consecutive patients admitted to the Department of Rehabilitation for ...
Beattie W Scott - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Despite decreasing cardiac events, perioperative beta-blockade also increases perioperative stroke and mortality. Major bleeding and/or hypotension are independently associated with these outcomes. To investigate the hypothesis that beta-blockade limits the cardiac reserve to compensate for acute surgical anemia, the authors examined the relationship between cardiac events and acute surgical ...
Cordtz Joakim - - 2010
Reliable methods for cardiac output determination are essential for studying the pathophysiology of intradialytic hypotension. Use of the current gold standard, the Transonic monitor, requires an arteriovenous fistula. We wished to verify the accuracy of a method based on finger pulse contour analysis, namely the Finometer monitor (FNM) for further ...
Calis Paul - - 2010
Amiodarone-induced thryrotoxicosis (AIT) is a rare but serious complication of amiodarone use, especially in patients with severe cardiac disease. We present a patient who developed AIT, following administration of amiodarone for life-threatening ventricular arrhythmias. We discuss the medical management of AIT and anesthetic considerations for management of patients with thyrotoxicosis ...
Isma'eel H - - 2010
The many available choices for testing for coronary artery disease (CAD) brought about several questions regarding suitability of certain tests for different groups of patients and the prognostic value of obtained results in predicting events and mortality. The aim of this study is to describe the prognostic value of dobutamine ...
Tuncer Eylem - - 2010
Cardiac hydatidosis is an uncommon but potentially fatal disease. It remains endemic in developed and developing countries. Its clinical presentation ranges from an absence of symptoms to congestive heart failure or other life-threatening sequelae. Herein, we report our clinical experience with the disease. From 1991 through 2009, 7 male and ...
Krag A A Department of Medical Gastroenterology 439, Hvidovre Hospital, DK-2650 Hvidovre, Denmark. - - 2010
Recent studies suggest that cardiac dysfunction precedes development of the hepatorenal syndrome. In this follow-up study, we aimed to investigate the relation between cardiac and renal function in patients with cirrhosis and ascites and the impact of cardiac systolic function on survival. Twenty-four patients with cirrhosis and ascites were included. ...
Huang Yu-Chih - - 2009
BACKGROUND: In spite of advances in many noninvasive instruments for studying cardiac anomalies in children, cardiac catheterization (CC) is still an essential method for the precise calculation of cardiovascular hemodynamic status and for performing therapeutic interventions. Accordingly, all adverse events (AE) related to CC are a major concern to pediatric ...
Lewis A - - 2009
Embolic acute limb ischaemia (ALI) is commonly treated by re-vascularization and long-term anticoagulant therapy. Transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) is commonly used to screen for cardiac embolic source, but may not affect management. We reviewed 115 consecutive patients with embolic ALI, 61% underwent TTE, with cardiac thrombus identified in only 3%. Incidental ...
Matsumoto Naoki - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Succinylcholine chloride (Sch) is ideal for electroconvulsive therapy (ECT). However, the appropriate interval between Sch administration and electrical stimulation has not been reported. Cardiac output at the time of drug administration seems to be the major contributing factor for variability in onset time. The present study therefore investigated relationships ...
Roberts-Thomson Kurt C - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: There is a paucity of data on the success rates of achieving percutaneous epicardial access in different groups of patients. METHODS AND RESULTS: Percutaneous epicardial access was attempted in 137 patients having 149 procedures; 19 patients had supraventricular tachycardia (SVT), 25 patients had idiopathic VT and 93 patients had ...
Ball Chad G - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The pericardial window in a focused assessment with sonography for trauma (FAST) examination is highly accurate for detecting hemopericardium and, therefore, associated cardiac injury. A series of patients with false-negative pericardial ultrasound examinations, who were subsequently diagnosed with cardiac lacerations after presenting with stab wounds, are described. METHODS: All ...
Cox Fieke M - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to explore the prevalence and nature of cardiac abnormalities in sporadic inclusion body myositis (sIBM). Fifty-one sIBM patients were cross-sectionally studied using history-taking, physical examination, measurements of serum creatine kinase activity, the MB fraction (CK-MB), cardiac troponin T (cTnT) and I (cTnI), a 12-lead ...
Lustgarten Daniel L - - 2010
Biventricular pacing (BiV) to effect cardiac resynchronization therapy can be technically difficult and fails to elicit a clinical response in 30% to 40% of patients. Direct His-bundle pacing (DHBP) theoretically could obviate some of these problems. Although DHBP is capable of narrowing the QRS in some patients, the consistency with ...
Seif John S - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The primary aim of this investigation was to compare the incidence of new-onset postoperative atrial arrhythmias (POAAs) in cardiac versus noncardiac thoracic surgery patients. A subgroup analysis also was performed in the cardiac surgery patients comparing POAAs in patients who underwent cardiac surgery on and off cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). ...
Connors Lawreen H - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Transthyretin (TTR) mutations known to cause cardiac amyloidosis include V122I, found almost exclusively in African Americans at a prevalence of 3-3.9%. This retrospective study describes TTR V122I-associated cardiac amyloid disease (ATTR) in a major amyloid referral clinic population. METHODS: Self-identified African Americans with amyloidosis (n = 156) were screened ...
Nordmark Johanna - - 2009
AIM: To study haemodynamic effects and changes in intravascular volume during hypothermia treatment, induced by ice-cold fluids and maintained by ice-packs followed by rewarming in patients after resuscitation from cardiac arrest. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In 24 patients following successful restoration of spontaneous circulation (ROSC), hypothermia was induced with infusion of ...
Wang Angela Yee-Moon - - 2009
Residual renal function (RRF) predicts survival and shows an important inverse relation with cardiac hypertrophy in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients. We hypothesized that valvular calcification and the calcification milieu may be part of the process linking loss of RRF and cardiac hypertrophy. A cross-sectional study was conducted by performing two-dimensional ...
Spazzolini Carla C Section of Cardiology and Department of Cardiology and Molecular Cardiology Laboratory, Fondazione Policinico S. Matteo IRCCS and the University of Pavia, Pavia, - - 2009
This study was designed to evaluate the clinical and prognostic aspects of long QT syndrome (LQTS)-related cardiac events that occur in the first year of life (infancy). The clinical implications for patients with long QT syndrome who experience cardiac events in infancy have not been studied previously. The study population ...
Araújo José Paulo - - 2011
Cachexia frequently complicates chronic heart failure (CHF) and predicts an ominous prognosis. Hormonal and inflammatory environment differ between cachectic and non-cachectic patients. Nutritional markers of cardiac cachexia and prognostic predictors in this context are not completely understood. To study biochemical markers of nutritional status in cardiac cachexia and to investigate ...
Machado S - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: Myopericarditis are common in clinical practice: up to 15% of acute pericarditis have a significant myocardial involvement as assessed by biological markers. This prospective, bicentric study is aimed at describing a myopericarditis population, the clinical and MRI follow-up, and search for prognosis markers. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between May 2005 ...
Hombach Vinzenz - - 2009
AIMS: Clinical parameters are weak predictors of outcome in patients with idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy (IDC). We assessed the prognostic value of cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) parameters in addition to conventional clinical and electrocardiographic characteristics. METHODS AND RESULTS: One hundred and forty-one IDC patients were studied. QRS and QTc intervals were ...
Turedi Suleyman - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Early and accurate prediction of survival to hospital discharge following resuscitation after cardiac arrest (CA) is a major challenge. Our aim was to investigate the levels of ischemia-modified albumin (IMA) and malondialdehyde (MDA) in CA patients and whether IMA levels are valuable early marker of post-cardiopulmonary resuscitation prognosis in ...
Beigi Ali Akbar - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: Access to the vascular system is necessary in patients with chronic renal failure planned to undergo dialysis. One of the complications of end-stage renal disease patients is pulmonary hypertension (PHT). Temporary arteriovenous access closure and successful kidney transplantation causes a significant fall in cardiac output and pulmonary artery pressure ...
Neumann Thomas - - 2009
Cardiac disease is a major contributor to disease-related death in Churg-Strauss syndrome (CSS). We conducted the current study to determine the prevalence and clinical impact of cardiac involvement in CSS patients. We performed a multicenter, cross-sectional analysis of patients diagnosed with CSS. Cardiac workup included electrocardiography, echocardiography, cardiac magnetic resonance ...
Wahbi Karim - - 2009
In contrast with Steinert's disease (DM1), type 2 muscular dystrophy (DM2) is not known to be associated with a high prevalence of cardiac involvement. Our objective was to compare the results of detailed cardiac investigations in populations of DM2 and DM1 patients, and in controls. Thirty-eight DM2 patients (17 males; ...
Jacobs Leo H - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Elevated cardiac troponin (cTn) concentrations predict an increased mortality in patients suffering from end-stage renal disease (ESRD). This study compares the performance of a precommercial high-sensitive cTnT assay (hs-cTnT) with two contemporary cTn assays in detecting cTn elevations in ESRD patients during a six-month follow-up. METHODS: Thirty-two ESRD patients ...
Haase-Fielitz Anja - - 2009
Enzymatic pathways involving catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) catabolize circulating catecholamines. A G-to-A polymorphism in the fourth exon of the COMT gene results in a valine-to-methionine amino acid substitution at codon 158, which leads to thermolability and low ("L"), as opposed to high ("H"), enzymatic activity. We enrolled 260 patients postbypass surgery to ...
Spiel Alexander O - - 2009
AIM OF THE STUDY: Application of mild hypothermia (32-33 degrees C) has been shown to improve neurological outcome in patients with cardiac arrest. However, hypothermia affects hemostasis, and even mild hypothermia is associated with bleeding and increased transfusion requirements in surgery patients. On the other hand, crystalloid hemodilution has been ...
Ba Hamidou O - - 2009
To evaluate the information provided by echocardiography and cardiac catheterization in patients with partial cavopulmonary connection (PCPC) with or without additional pulmonary blood flow (PBF) in whom total cavopulmonary connection (TCPC) was planned. We retrospectively evaluated the results provided by echocardiography and cardiac catheterization in 110 consecutive patients with PCPC ...
Chia Pow-Li - - 2009
The purpose of our study was to determine the prevalence of non-cardiac findings in a large series of patients undergoing contrast-enhanced cardiac multi-detector computed tomography (MDCT) scans. Non-cardiac findings were classified according to the organ of involvement and level of significance. We retrospectively reviewed scans and reports of 1,061 patients ...
Gofton Teneille E - - 2009
It is difficult to assess cerebral function in comatose patients. Because earlier functional neuroimaging studies demonstrate associations between cerebral metabolism and levels of consciousness, fMRI in comatose survivors of cardiac arrest could provide further insight into cerebral function during coma. Using fMRI, cerebral activation to somatosensory stimulation to the palm ...
Rezaei-Adaryani Morteza - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Cardiac catheterization is the gold standard diagnostic test for coronary heart diseases. In order to minimize the post-procedure complications, patients are restricted to prolonged bed rest that is always accompanied by fatigue and discomfort. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the effect of changing position and ...
Saif M Wasif - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The syndrome of 5-fluorouracil (5-FU)-associated cardiotoxicity remains poorly defined. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We performed a literature review (1969 - 2007) and compiled data derived from 377 evaluable cases out of 448 reported cases. RESULTS: Patient age ranged from 14 to 86 years. Of the patients 65% were 55 years ...
Muneuchi Jun - - 2009
This study aimed to assess the outcome of cardiovascular diseases for patients with chronic active Epstein-Barr virus infection (CAEBV). The study enrolled 15 patients (7 boys and 8 girls) who fulfilled the diagnostic criteria for CAEBV, including 10 patients with T-cell type and 3 patients with natural killer (NK)-cell type. ...
Vaseghi Marmar - - 2009
Ventricular fibrillation (VF) is the primary mechanism of cardiac arrest in the vast majority of sudden death patients. Whether similar modes and mechanisms of death can be generalized to denervated hearts in orthotopic heart transplantation (OHT) patients is unknown. The purpose of this study was to determine the mode and ...
Russo Paul - - 2009
PURPOSE: Sunitinib and sorafenib are tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) that have considerable efficacy in metastatic renal cell carcinoma. TKI-associated cardiotoxicity was reported in approximately 10% of the patients. Detailed cardiovascular monitoring during TKI treatment may reveal early signs of myocardial damage. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In this observational, single-center study, all ...
Thiel Steven W - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: The assessment of volume responsiveness and the decision to administer a fluid bolus is a common dilemma facing physicians caring for critically ill patients. Static markers of cardiac preload are poor predictors of volume responsiveness, and dynamic markers are often limited by the presence of spontaneous respirations or cardiac ...
KuĊ‚akowski Piotr P Department of Cardiology, The Medical Centre of Postgraduate Education, Grochowski Hospital, Warsaw, Poland. - - 2009
Cardiac resynchronisation therapy (CRT) has become a standard care in selected patients with advanced chronic heart failure (CHF). In order to achieve an adequate clinical response, CRT parameters have to be optimised following implantation. This procedure is usually performed on a patient in a supine position; however, measurement of haemodynamic ...
Bienias Piotr - - 2010
There is limited data on heart rate turbulence (HRT) in systemic sclerosis (SSc) patients, potentially threatened with cardiac autonomic dysfunction. We performed 24-hour Holter monitoring for HRT assessment in 45 patients with SSc and 30 healthy controls. Abnormal HRT defined as turbulence onset (TO) >or=0.0% and/or turbulence slope (TS)<or=2.5 ms/RR ...
Chen Chih J - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Patients with non-organic erectile dysfunction (ED) frequently present with syndromes involving systemic sympathovagal dysfunction. The linkage of ED to cardiac autonomic regulation is not well understood. METHODS: Forty-four men with non-organic ED and 38 healthy age-matched control subjects with ages ranging from 40 years to 69 years were recruited. ...
van Engelen Klaartje - - 2009
Data on the prevalence of congenital heart defects (CHD) in neuroblastoma patients are inconsistent. If CHD are more common in neuroblastoma patients than in the general population, cardiac screening might be warranted. In this study we used echocardiography to determine the prevalence of CHD in a single centre cohort of ...
Shindo Shunya - - 2009
Circulatory distress can occur in the long term after the formation of a traumatic arteriovenous fistula (AVF), but cardiac failure rarely occurs in a patient with an AVF in the lower extremity. The present patient underwent surgery to treat a traumatic popliteal AVF 9 years after sustaining the injury. Although ...
El-Beshlawy Amal - - 2008
Cardiac complications, such as pulmonary hypertension (PHT), are the leading cause of death in beta-thalassemia patients. L-Carnitine, due to its role in fatty acid oxidation, might help control the elevation in pulmonary artery systolic pressure (PASP). The objectives of this study were to assess the prevalence of PHT in beta-thalassemia ...
Choon-ngarm Tanarat - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Cardiac troponins are markers for myocardial injury. Sepsis and septic shock can cause myocardial injury. The significance of elevated cardiac troponin T (cTnT) in septic shock was evaluated in the present study. MATERIAL AND METHOD: Serum levels of cTnT were measured in 40 patients with septic shock from Rajavithi ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >