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Fernandez Alfonso - - 2011
Abstract Purpose: To compare the operative techniques and perioperative outcomes of patients with urinary intestinal diversions undergoing percutaneous nephrolithotripsy (PCNL), to a control cohort of patients without diversions. Patients and Methods: The medical records of all patients who were treated with PCNL from 1990 to 2009 were retrospectively reviewed. Each ...
Lin Ya-Ju - - 2011
We studied the cerebral autoregulation in a subgroup of patients with orthostatic intolerance, who exhibited excessively decreased middle cerebral artery flow velocity (MCAFV) on transcranial Doppler sonography (TCD) during head-up tilt (HUT) test but without orthostatic hypotension or postural tachycardia. Twenty patients and 20 age- and sex-matched controls underwent Valsalva ...
Ahn Jooeun - - 2011
Entraining human gait with periodic torque from a robot may provide a novel approach to robot-aided walking therapy that is competent to exploit the natural oscillating dynamics of human walking. To test the feasibility of this strategy we applied a periodic ankle torque to neurologically impaired patients (one with stroke ...
Zivadinov Robert - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To investigate abnormal phase on susceptibility-weighted imaging (SWI)-filtered phase images indicative of iron content, in subcortical deep-gray matter (SDGM) of multiple sclerosis (MS) patients and healthy controls (HC), and to explore its relationship with MRI outcomes. METHODS: 169 relapsing-remitting (RR) and 64 secondary-progressive (SP) MS patients, and 126 age- ...
Tzou Wendy S - - 2011
ECG Criteria Associated with NICM VT. Introduction: Patients with nonischemic cardiomyopathy (NICM) and ventricular tachycardia (VT) usually have basal-lateral scar in the left ventricle (LV). We sought to determine electrocardiogram (ECG) characteristics that may help identify NICM patients with basal-lateral scar and VT.  Methods and Results: Phase I, study patients (n ...
Su Y-C - - 2011
Background  To investigate the association between the gastric emptying rate and the presence of erosive esophagitis in duodenal ulcer (DU) patients among a population with high prevalence of Helicobacter pylori infection. Methods  Cross-sectional survey was performed in a cohort of 60 male patients with either active or healed DU, with ...
Vailleau Benjamin - - 2011
INTRODUCTION:: Galvanic vestibular stimulation (GVS) was used to probe the residual vestibular function in unilateral vestibular loss. METHODS:: 39 control subjects, 60 patients areflexic to caloric tests, 21 patients with pre-operative acoustic neurinoma, and 26 patients with surgical deafferentation were tested with 4mA trapezoidal GVS. Horizontal slow phase velocity and ...
Xue Nianyu - - 2011
Double contrast-enhanced ultrasonography (DCUS) is a new method we used in predicting lymph node metastasis (LNM) in patients with early gastric cancer. Seventy-six patients with early gastric cancer diagnosed by gastroscope and confirmed by pathology after operation were examined using DCUS preoperatively. Group N1 included 15 patients with LNM and ...
Skvortsova V I - - 2011
The aim of this study was to create a complex program for restoring walking in stroke patients using motor-assisted walking trainers. The study included patients (mean age 59 ± 10.4 years) in the acute phase of stroke who were unable to walk independently; 53 patients were in the study group ...
Park Sunwoo - - 2011
In this study, we have analysed heel strike (HS) and toe off (TO) of normal individuals and hemiplegic patients, taking advantage of output curves acquired from various sensors, and verified the validity of sensor detection methods and their effectiveness when they were used for hemiplegic gaits. Gait phase detections using ...
Shizuku Toshitsugu - - 2011
Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy tube feeding is widely used for patients with swallowing dysfunction and a history of repeated aspiration pneumonitis. However, liquid nutrient feeding via percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy is not effective enough to prevent aspiration pneumonitis and related inflammatory responses. We performed this prospective multi-centre study to clarify the efficacy ...
Riss Stefan - - 2011
Aim:  Little is known about the association of haemorrhoids and anorectal function. Moreover, available data on the impact of constipation on the presence of haemorrhoids are conflicting. The present study aimed to assess any potential relationship between haemorrhoids and anorectal dysfunction. Method:  All participants who attended the Austrian national wide ...
van Malenstein Hannah - - 2011
Hepatic hemangiomas are the most common focal liver lesions and are especially prevalent in women. Giant hemangiomas are defined as hemangiomas of at least 4 cm in diameter and the majority remains stable in size over time. However, in some cases hemangiomas display growth and give rise to symptoms because ...
Jain Vineet - - 2011
Loss of dorsiflexion is a common problem in cases where an external fixator or Ilizarov assembly is applied. It results in functional impairment of the foot by affecting the swing phase of gait cycle. We devised a simple dynamic dorsiflexion assist splint for prevention, correction of equinus/cavus deformity and maintenance ...
Melton Shelby D - - 2010
As endoscopists have become more skilled in sampling the gastroesophageal junction, pathologists are being increasingly challenged to characterize previously unknown or neglected findings. One such example is the cardiac polyp. Originally described in the radiology literature as the sentinel fold, the first histologic descriptions of polyps at the gastroesophageal junction ...
Di Bella Gianluca - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to evaluate cardiac MRI features in a group of patients with transthyretin familial amyloid polyneuropathy (FAP). Sixteen patients with transthyretin FAP underwent 2D echocardiography with Doppler examination, cardiac MRI, and (99m)Tc-diphosphonate (DPD) scintigraphy. Four patients had peripheral polyneuropathy, three had carpal tunnel syndrome, one ...
Fugate Jennifer E - - 2010
To evaluate the predictive value of neurologic prognostic indicators for patients treated with hypothermia after surviving cardiopulmonary arrest. Patients who survived cardiopulmonary arrest were prospectively collected from June 2006 to October 2009. Detailed neurologic examinations were performed. Serum neuron specific enolase (NSE) measurements, brain imaging findings, somatosensory evoked potentials, and ...
Habbab K M - - 2010
The aim of this work was to determine the frequency and nature of oral manifestations secondary to use of cardiovascular drugs. Five hundred and thirty one patients attending an adult cardiology clinic in Saudi Arabia were questioned about the occurrence of oral dryness, dysgeusia, or burning sensation and were clinically ...
Vieira Fátima Mendonça Jorge - - 2010
Even though porphyria cutanea tarda is the most frequent type of porphyria, there are few studies about its cutaneous physiopathology. To evaluate skin changes in porphyria cutanea tarda using light microscopy and direct immunofluorescence before and after treatment with chloroquine. To perform antigen immunomapping of bullae to study their level ...
Schober Andreas - - 2011
Aims We sought to determine whether circulating vascular progenitor cells, such as endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) or smooth muscle progenitor cells (SPCs), were associated with the severity of cardiac allograft vasculopathy (CAV). Methods and results CD34(+)CD140b(+) SPCs and CD34(+)KDR(+) EPCs were measured in the peripheral circulation of 187 adult heart ...
Teng Sarena N - - 2011
Children with congenital cardiac defects may have associated chromosomal anomalies, airway compromise, and/or pulmonary hypertension, which can pose challenges to adequate sedation, weaning from mechanical ventilation, and successful extubation. Propofol, with its unique properties, may be used as a bridge to extubation in certain cardiac populations. We retrospectively reviewed 0-17-year-old ...
Wang Jian-Liung - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Cardiac tamponade associated with hypothyroidism has been reported, but few studies address the clinical features. This study aims to identify the patient characteristics and to propose a reasonable clinical approach for hypothyroid cardiac tamponade. METHOD: Patients admitted to Chang Gung Memorial Hospital between September 1998 and September 2008 with ...
Huh Winston W - - 2010
Doxorubicin is an effective agent for many malignancies. To limit cardiotoxicity, doxorubicin can be given as prolonged infusion (PIDX) or bolus infusion following dexrazoxane (DZX). The authors report their institutional experience comparing PIDX and DZX in a sarcoma cohort. Retrospective record review for newly diagnosed sarcoma patients at the University ...
Shuman William P - - 2010
The purpose of this article is to determine the frequency of adverse cardiac events during the year following a negative cardiac CT angiogram in a population of patients presenting to the emergency department with low-to-moderate risk chest pain. Eighty-one consecutive patients who had standard of care evaluation for low-to-moderate risk ...
Grenader Tal - - 2010
Pegylated liposomal doxorubicin (PLD; Doxil or Caelyx) has been shown to be as effective as conventional doxorubicin, and to have a significantly better cardiac safety profile. The aim of this study was to assess the safety of delivering doses exceeding 700 mg/m of PLD to patients with solid tumors. A ...
Chavers Blanche M - - 2011
Cardiac disease is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in children with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). This study aimed to report the frequency of cardiac disease diagnostic methods used in US pediatric maintenance hemodialysis patients. A cross-sectional analysis of all US pediatric (ages 0.7-18 years, n = 656) maintenance ...
Axelsson C - - 2010
Passive leg raising (PLR), to augment the artificial circulation, was deleted from cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) guidelines in 1992. Increases in end-tidal carbon dioxide (P(ET)CO(2)) during CPR have been associated with increased pulmonary blood flow reflecting cardiac output. Measurements of P(ET)CO(2) after PLR might therefore increase our understanding of its potential ...
Boullosa D A - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to examine the influence of a fire-fighting training regime on the cardiac autonomic control of a middle-aged female diagnosed with smoldering multiple myeloma (SMM). Cardiac autonomic control was monitored by heart rate variability (HRV) analysis in the patient during the last six-week period of ...
Perz Suzanne - - 2011
To characterize incidence of low, normal and "supranormal" central venous oxygen saturation (ScvO(2)) and the relation to markers of tissue hypoxia, course and outcome in cardiac surgery patients. Prospective, observational study in a university multidisciplinary 50-bed intensive care unit including 205 consecutive patients undergoing elective cardiac surgery. Data were split ...
Plaschke Konstanze - - 2010
It is difficult to substantiate the clinical diagnosis of postoperative delirium with objective parameters in intensive care units (ICU). The purpose of this study was to analyze (1) whether the bilateral bispectral (BIS) index, (2) cortisol as a stress marker, and (3) interleukin-6 as a marker of inflammation were different ...
Zhang Junlong - - 2011
The aim of the study presented here is to compare the pre- and post-operative cardiac autonomic nervous function of senile patients with different functional capacities (FC). Ninety-two senile patients scheduled for elective non-cardiac surgery were selected, whose FC was evaluated in terms of Duke activity status index (DASI). According to ...
Prosen G - - 2010
This study evaluated the ability of focused echocardiography (FE) and capnography to differentiate between pulseless electrical activity (PEA) and pseudo-PEA in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest, and the potential survival benefits with modified treatment. In PEA patients with stable end-tidal carbon dioxide pressure (P(et)CO(2)) during the compression pause and concomitant FE showing ...
Le Dolley Yvan - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: We sought to determine the incidence, diagnostic value, and outcome of intracardiac masses observed by echocardiography after device removal. We hypothesized that these "ghosts" of leads could be associated with the diagnosis of cardiac device-related infective endocarditis (CDRIE). BACKGROUND: The echocardiographic appearance of residual floating masses in the right ...
Blokker Britt M - - 2010
Coronary heart disease is the largest single cause of death in Australia. In Western Australia invasive diagnostics and therapies for acute coronary syndromes are only provided in the metropolitan hospitals of Perth. Patients in rural hospitals who need invasive cardiac care have to be transferred to Perth. The aim of ...
Kristen Arnt V - - 2010
Cardiac biomarkers provide prognostic information in light-chain amyloidosis (AL). Thus, a novel high-sensitivity cardiac troponin T (hs-TnT) assay may improve risk stratification. hs-TnT was assessed in 163 patients. Blood levels were higher with cardiac than renal or other organ involvement and were related to the severity of cardiac involvement. Increased ...
Cortesi Cinzia - - 2010
Recent data demonstrate that patients affected with hypokalemic salt-losing tubulopathies are prone to acute cardiac arrhythmias and rhabdomyolysis. The tendency to these potentially fatal complications is especially high if chronic hypokalemia is severe, in patients with diarrhea, vomiting or a prolonged QT interval on standard electrocardiography, in patients on drug ...
Lindenmann Joerg - - 2010
If undiagnosed, traumatic pericardial rupture with herniation of the heart may have fatal consequences. We report two cases of multiple trauma with pericardial rupture, which was missed in the preoperative diagnoses of both patients, in spite of suggestive signs on computed tomographic scans. One patient had unexplained, persistent hemodynamic instability; ...
Banka Puja - - 2010
Patients with single-ventricle circulation presenting for Fontan completion routinely undergo cardiac catheterization despite ongoing debate concerning its additive value. Increasing interest in noninvasive preoperative evaluation alone led the authors to analyze the utility of routine pre-Fontan catheterization and to determine whether a subset of patients could avoid this invasive procedure. ...
Imakiire Naka - - 2010
The validity of measuring cardiac output (CO) using thermodilution via pulmonary artery catheterization in the presence of tricuspid regurgitation (TR) remains controversial. We compared the accuracy and precision of a non-invasive cardiac output (NICO) monitor and of thermodilution with those of transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) to measure CO in 50 patients ...
Rudnik-Schöneborn S - - 2010
Background: Myotonic dystrophy type 2 (DM2) is an autosomal dominant multisystem disorder caused by CCTG repeat expansions within intron 1 of the ZNF9 gene on chromosome 3q. Cardiac conduction disturbances, supraventricular arrhythmias, and cardiomyopathy are described in DM2 but Brugada-like features have not yet been reported. Brugada syndrome (BS) is ...
Cocchi Michael N - - 2010
Patients who initially survive cardiac arrest are often admitted to an intensive care unit comatose and on mechanical ventilation. It is not clear whether or not a screening cranial computed tomography (CT scan) is necessary in the immediate post-arrest period. We hypothesized that there may be clinically relevant information gleaned ...
Bayya Abed - - 2011
Hypotension during hemodialysis is frequent in patients with cardiovascular disease who have a limited physiological compensatory response. Recent advances in technology allow non-invasive monitoring of cardiac output and derived hemodynamic parameters. This prospective study evaluated episodes of intradialytic hypotension using clinical data and continuous non-invasive hemodynamic monitoring by impedance cardiography. ...
Heper Gulumser - - 2010
Behçet's disease is a chronic multi-system inflammatory disorder and the severity and clinical manifestations of Behçet's patients may show geographic variation. We aimed to detect the cardiac findings in 30 Behçet's patients and compare them with the normal population (n = 29). We used color-doppler echocardiography and transesophageal echocardiography in ...
Caforio A L P - - 2010
Idiopathic recurrent acute pericarditis (IRAP) is a rare disease of suspected, yet unproved, immune-mediated origin. The finding of serum heart-specific autoantibodies in IRAP would strengthen the autoimmune hypothesis and provide aetiology-specific non-invasive biomarkers. Objective To assess frequency of serum anti-heart (AHA), anti-intercalated-disk (AIDA) and non-cardiac-specific autoantibodies and their clinical and ...
Sueyoshi Eijun - - 2010
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to report a new computed tomography (CT) finding in acute cardiac tamponade: a contrast-fluid level in the hepatic inferior vena cava (IVC) during an arterial dominant phase CT study (IVC niveau sign) in patients with acute type A aortic dissection. MATERIALS AND METHODS: ...
Kim G G - - 2010
Determine the effect of age and congenital heart disease (CHD) on whole blood tests for monitoring unfractionated heparin (UFH) in children. Determine correlation with anti-Xa levels in children undergoing cardiac catheterization or cardiac surgery. A prospective cross-sectional study of 211 healthy children about to have minor surgery (median age 3.5 ...
Parsad Davinder - - 2010
For effective treatment of vitiligo, it is as important to arrest the progression of the disease, as it is to induce repigmentation. Epidermal oxidative stress has been documented in vitiligo patients, and there is much support for a free-radical-mediated damage as an initial pathogenic event in melanocyte degeneration in vitiligo. ...
Shetty Vijay D - - 2011
We studied 109 patients who were subjected to dobutamine stress echocardiography (DSE) for preoperative cardiac risk assessment before undergoing elective primary hip and knee arthroplasty. Patients were selected for DSE based on several criteria. There were 16 patients with history of ischemic heart disease and 93 patients without. Seven of ...
Leithner Christoph - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Bilateral absent N20 responses of median nerve somatosensory evoked potentials (SEPs) reliably predict poor prognosis after cardiac arrest. However, the studies supporting this fact were carried out before hypothermia was established as standard treatment. Recent evidence suggests that hypothermia treatment affects the predictive value of clinical findings in cardiac ...
Kitahara Tatsuro - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Midkine, a heparin-binding growth factor, has various functions such as migration of inflammatory cell and anti-apoptotic effect. Invasion of inflammatory cell and cardiomyocyte apoptosis are involved in development and progression of heart failure (HF). However, the relationship between midkine and HF has not been previously examined. Therefore, we examined ...
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