Search Results
Results 551 - 600 of 1033
< 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 >
Ho K Y - - 1998
BACKGROUND: No cause has been determined for chest pain that is neither cardiac nor oesophageal in origin. AIMS: To compare the prevalence of life-time psychiatric disorders and current psychological distress in three consecutive series of patients with chronic chest or abdominal pain. PATIENTS: Thirty nine patients with non-cardiac chest pain ...
Black P - - 1998
The aim of this study was to assess the physical performance in long-term survivors of acute leukaemia in childhood and to evaluate the effects of anthracycline therapy. Electrocardiography, echocardiography and spiroergometry were carried out on 56 patients aged 9-28 years, of whom 44 patients had been treated with 15-483 mg/m2 ...
Dickinson E T - - 1998
A prospective, randomized effectiveness trial was undertaken to compare mechanical versus manual chest compressions as measured by end-tidal CO2 (ETCO2) in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest patients receiving advanced cardiac life support (ACLS) resuscitation from a municipal third-service, emergency medical services (EMS) agency. The EMS agency responds to approximately 6,700 emergencies annually, ...
Ganem J P - - 1998
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the incidence and outcome of cardiac arrhythmias associated with an external fixed-rate generator and the Medstone lithotripter with regard to stone location, anesthesia type, patient age, and gender. METHODS: Data were obtained on 933 patients who underwent shock wave lithotripsy (SWL) with the Medstone lithotripter. Patients were ...
Rosén H - - 1998
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Patients resuscitated from cardiac arrest have a high early mortality rate. Prognostic evaluation based on clinical observations is uncertain and would benefit from the use of biochemical markers of hypoxic brain damage. The astroglial protein S-100 is an established biochemical marker of central nervous system injury. The ...
Turbucz P - - 1998
We have previously detected in cardiac patients severalfold higher levels of endothelin (ET) in the pericardial fluid (PF) than in the plasma (PL). We postulated that this is due to different activities of neutral endopeptidase (NEP) in the two compartments. With approval of the ethical committee and informed consent by ...
Petelenz T - - 1998
Sudden cardiac death caused by cardiac arrhythmia's or asystolies in patients with coronary heart disease can often be avoided if resuscitation is administered immediately, preferably before the patient loses consciousness. In cases when rapid help is not available usually death occurs. We have studied a method of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) ...
Noyan A - - 1998
Radiocontrast nephrotoxicity, which has increased in incidence with widespread use of radiological methods in medicine, is a serious complication of radiocontrast materials. In this study, we have prospectively investigated whether children with cyanotic congenital heart disease are at risk for radiocontrast nephrotoxicity with the use of a nonionic low osmolar ...
Horowitz M B - - 1998
A prospective single center study was performed to determine the minimal preoperative incidence of unrecognized cardiac injury in patients suffering aneurysmal and presumed aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). When caring for such patients in the pre- and post operative period clinicians must be aware of the possibility of cardiac injury even ...
McElroy E A EA Jr Division of Hematology and Internal Medicine, Mayo Clinic Rochester, Minnesota 55905, - - 1998
Systemic mast cell disease (SMCD) is an uncommon disorder characterized by a proliferation of mast cells involving the bone marrow, spleen, liver, skin, and lymph nodes. Although rare, the association of SMCD and other hematologic disorders is well established. To our knowledge, however, no previously published reports have described SMCD ...
Rissam H S - - 1998
Between May 1996 and May 1997, a total of 398 patients (321 males, 77 females) were registered at our institute for trans-telephonic electro-cardiographic monitoring (TTEM). Their age ranged from one month to 95 years. Almost two-third (67%) of patients were from Delhi and one-third (33%) from other places in India ...
Koyanagi H - - 1997
In the latest survey of Kawasaki disease in Japan, questionnaires on maximal leukocyte counts of the patients were included to clarify whether leukocyte counts could be of value for the diagnosis and prediction of outcome. A questionnaire form and diagnostic guidelines for Kawasaki disease were sent to all pediatric departments ...
Dubrey S W - - 1997
One hundred thirty-three patients with biopsy-proven AL amyloidosis were studied with echocardiography, Holter recording, 12-lead electrocardiography, and signal-averaged electrocardiograms. Features from these tests were analyzed in relation to their effect on mortality. Late potentials were more frequent in patients with echocardiographic evidence of cardiac amyloidosis (31%) compared with patients with ...
Blanc P - - 1997
A prospective echocardiographic study was conducted in 68 patients with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) (C3 stage 78%, i.v. drug abuse 71%) in order, firstly to, assess the prevalence of cardiac abnormalities, and, secondly, to make an early therapeutic decision. Only five patients ...
Picarelli D - - 1997
We review our 10-year (June 1987-June 1997) experience in 26 children requiring early surgery due to active infective endocarditis (AIE) refractory to medical therapy. Mean age at operation was 5.0 (SD 3.5) years. Nineteen patients (73%) had predisposing factors: congenital heart disease (CHD) was the most common (10/19, 53%); endocavitary ...
Kitashiro S - - 1997
The clinical significance of the urinary oxygen tension (PuO2) was evaluated in 60 patients with ischemic heart disease. The PuO2 had fair relations to cardiac index and serum creatinine level (r = 0.73 and r = 0.73, respectively). Although the PuO2 had a fair relation to serum creatinine in patients ...
Bandini F - - 1997
In order to achieve widespread use of automated external defibrillators (AEDs) in Italy, we evaluated several models of AEDs in different clinical and artificial settings. We enrolled 268 consecutive patients with various rhythms and arrhythmias. Among these, 129 patients were referred to two different hospitals and 139 were enrolled by ...
Burger Andrew J. - - 1997
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of our investigation was to describe the echocardiographic characteristics of an atrial septal aneurysm (ASA) and associated cardiac abnormalities, to determine whether any echocardiographic characteristics are associated with cerebrovascular events, and to compare the cerebrovascular risk of ASA when it is an isolated and incidental finding with ...
Koller R - - 1997
BACKGROUND: During the last two cold winters we have treated 5 severely hypothermic patients (temperature below 30 degrees C) with active external rewarming rather than with extracorporal circulation and heat exchanger. PATIENTS: Two patients were found in cardiac arrest, and 3 victims of mountain accidents suffered deep hypothermia without arrest. ...
Sweeney J D - - 1997
BACKGROUND: Aprotinin has been shown to reduce blood transfusion in cardiac surgery. Aprotinin inhibits activated protein C (APC). Patients with factor V (FV) Leiden have an inherited resistance to APC proteolysis. If the inhibition of APC by aprotinin contributes to its beneficial effect in cardiac surgery, then patients with FV ...
Roche F - - 1997
This study evaluated the R-Test Evolution, a new type of cardiac event recorder bearing both patient-triggered and automatic capabilities. Its 7-day automatic arrhythmia analysis showed promising clinical advantages, especially when investigating patients with unexplained rare events such as syncope, feeling of weakness or faintness, palpitations, stroke, or in patients inconsistent ...
Hoogerwaard E M - - 1997
We evaluated the course of cardiac involvement in 27 previously reported patients with Becker muscular dystrophy (BMD) originating from nine kindreds. Since almost all affected individuals of each kindred were included, intrafamilial variability could be studied. We also attempted to identify associations between cardiac involvement, functional ability and mutations at ...
Kerr G D - - 1997
BACKGROUND: One-third of patients with rest angina are reported to have detectable cardiac troponin T in the serum and may be at increased risk of serious cardiac events. AIM: To investigate whether a single early estimation of serum troponin T was an independent predictor of serious cardiovascular complications in patients ...
Reisinger J - - 1997
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to determine the spectrum of electrophysiologic abnormalities found in patients with cardiac involvement due to AL (primary) amyloidosis and to evaluate the prognostic implications, particularly in relation to subsequent sudden death. BACKGROUND: Only case reports, but no series of invasive electrophysiologic studies, exist in patients with ...
Cookson S T - - 1997
Pyrogenic reactions are potentially life-threatening complications caused by bacterial endotoxin. After two cardiac catheterization patients developed rigors the same day, the procedures were halted and a case control study was conducted. To identify case patients (persons with rigors < or = 3 hr after catheterization during September 25-November 9, 1995), ...
Schnell O - - 1997
Scintigraphy using I-123-metaiodobenzylguanidine (I-123-MIBG) and Tc-99m-methoxyisobutylisonitrile (Tc-99m-MIBI) allows assessment of the cardiac sympathetic innervation and the myocardial perfusion. To investigate the natural history of cardiac sympathetic denervation in long-term diabetic patients without myocardial perfusion defects, global and regional I-123-MIBG and Tc-99m-MIBI uptake was determined (score 1-6; 1 = normal uptake, ...
Royse C F - - 1997
Opiate premedication may cause significant respiratory depression, particularly when other sedative agents such as scopolamine or benzodiazepines are added. This can cause hypoxaemia with potential for worsening myocardial ischaemia in cardiac surgery patients. The aim of this study was to investigate the incidence of hypoxaemia (SpO2 < 90%) in elective ...
Kaulitz R - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the specific sequelae of the Fontan operation, and particularly the potential sequelae of chronically elevated systemic venous pressure. DESIGN: A retrospective analysis of clinical and haemodynamic data and evaluation of organ function in 80 surviving patients undergoing modified Fontan operation for various forms of underlying functionally univentricular ...
Jacobs I N - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To study the clinical presentation, treatment, and outcome of pulmonary artery hypertension (PAH) that develops in children with chronic airway obstruction. DESIGN: Case study. SETTING: Academic tertiary care children's hospital. PATIENTS: A 3-year (October 1, 1992, to September 30, 1995) review of the medical records of all children with ...
Ravin D S - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To describe a patient who developed fatal pulseless electrical activity following treatment with risperidone. CASE SUMMARY: A 34-year-old white woman with no history of cardiac disease was initiated on risperidone therapy for an acute exacerbation of chronic schizophrenia. The patient developed postural hypotension and the risperidone dosage was held ...
Madu E C - - 1997
A paradoxic hypotensive response to resuscitative treatment may be the first clue to dynamic left ventricular outflow tract obstruction (DLVOTO) in critically ill patients. If unrecognized, routine interventions aimed at improving cardiac performance may actually result in hypotension and low cardiac output, thus putting patients at risk for adverse event. ...
Sadeh J S - - 1997
A simple, accurate, and noninvasive method of cardiac output measurement can be an extremely useful tool for the clinician and researcher. This study used the acetylene gas uptake technique to measure the absorption of acetylene into the pulmonary circulation during a constant exhalation, which is proportional to the pulmonary capillary ...
Chau E M - - 1997
Primary amyloid light chain (AL) amyloidosis of the heart is a rare cause of congestive heart failure. Approximately 15% of patients with primary AL amyloidosis demonstrate no monoclonal proteins on serum or urine immunoelectrophoresis:(so-called nonsecretory immunoglobulin-derived amyloidosis). The histologic findings of endomyocardial biopsy from these patients may be indistinguishable from ...
Reynolds C - - 1997
Eleven cases of poorly characterized nonneoplastic endocardially based intracavitary cardiac masses have been seen at the Mayo Clinic between 1965 and 1994. They occurred in 7 women and 4 men from age 16 to 75 years (mean, 52 years). The patients presented with a wide variety of symptoms and underlying ...
Lindheim S R - - 1997
Conservative medical management of ectopic gestations may be difficult in patients with elevated levels of beta-hCG and cardiac activity. This case highlights the difficulty of managing such patients. Doppler flow studies and serum P, if available, should be used and can help determine those patients requiring repeated dosing of methotrexate. ...
Otsuka N - - 1997
Iodine-123-MIBG imaging has been used to evaluate myocardial sympathetic function in various cardiac diseases. In patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS), increased sympathetic activity has been widely recognized, as assessed by measuring the plasma concentration and urinary excretion of catecholamines and by measuring muscle sympathetic nerve activity. However, these ...
Kadayifci A - - 1997
The cardiac adverse effects of interferon (INF) treatment have been reported recently in various clinical trials of INF. In this study, the cardiac effects of recombinant INF-alpha treatment were evaluated prospectively in a group of patients with chronic active viral hepatitis (CAH). Sixteen patients with CAH type B, 14 patients ...
Sherman B W - - 1997
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy of high-dose epinephrine (HDE) compared with standard-dose epinephrine (SDE) in emergency department patients in cardiac arrest after SDE failed to improve asystole or ventricular fibrillation. DESIGN: Prospective, multicenter, blinded, controlled trial. SETTING: Eight academic center emergency departments. PATIENTS: One hundred forty patients treated for ...
Corbett S W - - 1997
STUDY OBJECTIVE: We conducted a pilot study to assess the feasibility of ultrasonography in the detection of traumatic complications of CPR. METHODS: A prospective case series was undertaken with a convenience sample of 21 emergency department patients who sustained nontraumatic cardiopulmonary arrest. A 5- to 7-minute ultrasound examination was performed ...
Sharma S - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To report the transthoracic echocardiographic findings in young patients presenting with acute retinal arterial obstruction, given their clinical risk status for cardioembolic disease. DESIGN: Case series. SETTING: Four North American tertiary hospital centres. PATIENTS: Eleven patients less than 45 years of age presenting with acute retinal arterial obstruction who ...
Galal O - - 1997
BACKGROUND: The role of surgery in managing patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) was studied in the era of the Rashkind double-umbrella device. METHODS: All 354 patients with PDA referred to our center in a 5-year period were included in this report. Of the 354 patients, 236 underwent cardiac catheterization with the ...
Bach D S - - 1997
Poldermans et al have added important data to the body of literature supporting the use of dobutamine stress echocardiography to define long-term cardiac risk for patients undergoing major vascular surgery. In the application of this or any other noninvasive study, it will remain important to select the appropriate population for ...
Hishitani T - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the influence of corticotropin therapy on cardiac rhabdomyoma. DESIGN: Analysis of data from echocardiography performed on in-patients. PATIENTS: Six patients with rhabdomyoma who were admitted to the authors' medical centre with either convulsion (five cases) or prematurity (one case) between 1985 and 1995. Five had tuberous sclerosis. ...
Kakadekar A P - - 1997
Clinical observation suggested a high prevalence of cardiac morbidity and mortality in children with Ewing sarcoma (ES) treated at B.C.'s Children's Hospital. We therefore compared 30 patients treated for Ewing sarcoma between 1978 and 1991 with 26 soft tissue sarcoma (STS) patients treated with similar chemotherapy over the same period ...
Mohr M - - 1997
Obvious reasons to withhold CPR are signs of death or fatal trauma. If there is any doubt about the appropriateness of CPR, resuscitative measures should be performed. However, CPR should not be attempted like a reflex action, without considering the individual circumstances, the patient's preferences and his prognosis. Age or ...
DiMario F J FJ - - 1996
The objective of the study was to define the longitudinal evolution of cardiac rhabdomyomas (CR) in patients with tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC). A cohort of patients with TSC who had undergone videotaped echocardiographic (ECHO) examination during the 10-year interval (1984-1994) were retrospectively studied by reviewing and quantifying the CR appearance ...
Font V E - - 1996
The use of stress echocardiography (SE) in an elderly population was retrospectively evaluated and compared with myocardial perfusion scintigraphy (MPS) in a similar group. Patients > or = 80 years of age were evaluated by treadmill or pharmacologic SE (group 1; n = 65) to determine its predictive value for ...
Hamano K - - 1996
BACKGROUND: The presence of impaired phagocytic function of the reticuloendothelial system after cardiac operations using cardiopulmonary bypass remains controversial. METHODS: In this study, the phagocytic function of granulocytes in 14 patients undergoing cardiac operations with cardiopulmonary bypass was examined using a chemiluminescence method. Seven patients with abdominal aortic aneurysms served ...
Wang S S - - 1996
Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) has had promising results in life-threatening respiratory failure and postcardiotomy cardiogenic failure. From October 1994 to October 1995, 18 patients received 19 ECMOs at National Taiwan University Hospital for severe cardiogenic shock after cardiac surgery. They included patients receiving cardiac massage or repeated bolus injections of ...
King V - - 1996
PURPOSE: a) To assess the age-related incidence of morbid cardiac events including cardiac death (CD), nonfatal myocardial infarction (MI), and angina pectoris (AP) in all patients treated for Hodgkin's disease at a single institution; b) to examine the prevalence of cardiac risk factors and presence of coronary artery disease (CAD) ...
< 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 >