Search Results
Results 501 - 550 of 1041
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Michel-Cherqui M - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To determine the usefulness of systematic intraoperative transesophageal echocardiography in a cardiac surgical unit. DESIGN: Open prospective observational survey. SETTING: University Hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Consecutive adult patients (n = 203) undergoing elective or urgent cardiac operations. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Pre-cardiopulmonary bypass imaging yielded unsuspected findings in 26 patients (12.8%) ...
Singh A - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of ketamine in pediatric patients undergoing interventional cardiac procedures. DESIGN: A retrospective clinical study. SETTING: A single, tertiary referral center. PARTICIPANTS: Patients (n = 107) undergoing interventional cardiac procedures between July 1996 and July 1998. INTERVENTIONS: Each patient received a bolus of ketamine, ...
Shimizu M - - 2000
To evaluate the relationship between myocardial scintigraphic abnormalities based on (123)I-radioiodinated 15-(p-iodophenyl)-3(R, S)-methylpentadecanoic acid (BMIPP) uptake and cardiac function and the relationship between these abnormalities and long-term prognosis in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM), 27 patients with nonobstructive HCM underwent BMIPP myocardial scintigraphic study, echocardiography, and exercise radionuclide study. Based ...
Fuster D - - 2000
This study was performed to determine the value of dipyridamole-99m Tc-methoxy-isobutyl isonitrile perfusion (99mTC-MIBI) tomographic scintigraphy in the assessment of cardiac risk in patients being evaluated prior to combined pancreas-kidney transplantation (PKT). We performed perfusion tomographic scintigraphy using single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) on 77 patients. The tomographic images ...
Dittrich S - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Chronic cyanosis with its associated rheologic changes is a known risk factor for glomerular nephropathy. Therefore, contrast-induced nephrotoxicity should be an important consideration for angiographers comparable to diabetics. On the other hand, progressions in diagnostic and interventional techniques have led to expanded indications and a more widespread use of ...
Gerhardt U M - - 2000
This study was carried out to compare cardiac output measurements determined by thermodilution and by Portapres, a non-invasive system. Eighty-seven non-invasive blood pressure measurements were performed in 46 patients in our critical care unit utilising the new, non-invasive Portapres system. Cardiac output values were obtained from these blood pressure values ...
Løvstad R Z - - 2000
Sudden, severe bradycardia/asystolic cardiac arrest are considered infrequent, but are certainly the most serious complications of spinal anaesthesia. We report four cases of primary asystole and one of severe bradycardia in young to middle-aged, healthy patients scheduled for minor surgery at the day surgery unit. Bradycardia/asystole were not related to ...
Fearon W F - - 1999
To help guide physicians in their evaluation of patients with acute coronary syndromes, we investigated whether elevated cardiac troponin I in patients presenting with unstable angina predicts ischemia on stress testing. Elevated cardiac troponin I in patients who present with chest pain and normal creatine kinase levels is associated with ...
Harris D G - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Patients with penetrating cardiac injuries may be stable or only mildly shocked, especially if the laceration has sealed off and the patient has been aggressively resuscitated. Clinical signs, chest roentgenograms, pericardiocentesis, and subxiphoid window are not always helpful in establishing the diagnosis. We reflect on the current evaluation based ...
Wendel H P - - 1999
A new chromogenic peptide substrate assay kit was used to measure factor XII (FXII) levels in plasma samples from 115 male patients with heart disease awaiting cardiac surgery, 40 age-matched normal healthy male blood donors and 20 patients before, during and after cardiopulmonary bypass surgery (CPB). Kallikrein-like and FXIIa-like activities ...
Bowrey D J - - 1999
BACKGROUND: The cause of inflammation in cardiac mucosa at the gastro-oesophageal junction (GOJ) is unclear, both gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GORD) and Helicobacter pylori having been implicated. AIMS: To describe patterns of gastritis in patients with symptomatic GORD. METHODS: In 150 patients (126 normally located Z-line, 24 Barrett's oesophagus) with symptoms ...
Singhal B - - 1999
We studied 695 patients with spina bifida over 16 years old. 56 of these are deceased. The cause of death of 30 of these patients could be ascertained from the records kept at the unit. The leading cause of death was renal failure secondary to complications of the renal tract ...
Lamour J M - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Advances in surgical and medical management have greatly improved long-term survival rates in patients with congenital heart disease (CHD). As these patients reach adulthood, myocardial dysfunction can occur, leading to cardiac transplantation. METHODS AND RESULTS: We reviewed the pretransplantation and posttransplantation courses of 24 patients >18 years old (mean ...
Caputo R P - - 1999
The safety and efficacy of transradial cardiac catheterization in patients with prior ipsilateral brachial cutdown is not known. Using standard techniques we performed transradial catheterization in 278 consecutive patients, of which 63 had prior brachial cutdown. All patients had a strongly palpable radial pulse and a negative Allen's test. Although ...
Schickel S I - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Cardiac catheterization is a common procedure that involves the introduction of a small sheath (5F-8F) into the femoral artery for insertion of other diagnostic catheters. After cardiac catheterization, local compression of the femoral artery is required to prevent bleeding and to achieve hemostasis. Traditional methods of achieving hemostasis require ...
Andreassen S - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate a model describing postoperative hypoxemia after cardiac surgery by using two variables, i.e., shunt and resistance to oxygen diffusion (Rdff). DESIGN: Estimation of these two variables in normal subjects and postoperative cardiac patients. SETTING: The pulmonary function laboratory for the normal subjects and the intensive care unit ...
Moss A J - - 1999
Acute auditory stimuli and swimming activities are frequently associated with syncope, aborted cardiac arrest, and death in the long QT syndrome (LQTS). We investigated the clinical and genetic findings associated with cardiac events precipitated by these arousal factors. The study population involved 195 patients with an index cardiac event associated ...
Rich S - - 1999
OBJECTIVES: This study evaluated the response to prostacyclin dose reduction in patients with primary pulmonary hypertension (PPH) who developed high cardiac outputs. BACKGROUND: Patients on prostacyclin require chronic upward dose titration to overcome tolerance to the medication. No upper limit of effective dose has been described. METHODS: We studied 12 ...
Alsalti R A - - 1999
The creation of arteriovenous fistula is an established form of therapy for patients with chronic renal failure. Anesthetic management in such patients is governed by the presence of risk factors such as hypertension, ischemic heart disease, diabetes, chronic pulmonary disease, anemia, coagulopathy, metabolic acidosis and/or hyperkalemia. In an attempt to ...
Saba N - - 1999
Dose-intensive chemotherapy with PBSC support was recently reported to be feasible in cardiac amyloidosis with some patients achieving post-transplant improvement in performance status. At our center, 11 patients with symptomatic primary systemic amyloidosis and predominant cardiac involvement confirmed by biopsy or increased wall thickness on echocardiogram were evaluated for high-dose ...
Taylor H A HA - - 1999
Modern cardiac rehabilitation is a comprehensive program of secondary prevention for patients with heart disease. Moreover, it is an important context in which to broach issues of impaired sexual function. Sexual problems plague a large portion of our cardiac patient population. Unspoken+ concerns about impotence, now more correctly called erectile ...
Thourani V H - - 1999
This is a report of a 22-year experience with penetrating cardiac trauma at a single urban Level I trauma center. We conducted a retrospective chart review supplemented by computerized patient log. Comparisons of mortality between Period 1 (1975-1985; 113 patients) and Period 2 (1986-1996; 79 patients) were by chi2 or ...
Vella A - - 1999
The cardiac effects of hypercalcaemia are usually manifest as a shortening of the QT-interval. Hypercalcaemia is infrequently associated with a clinically manifest arrhythmia. However, concomitant therapy with digoxin or underlying cardiac disease can potentiate the arrhythmogenic effects of hypercalcaemia, leading to a symptomatic rhythm disorder. We describe a symptomatic arrhythmia, ...
Herdy GV - - 1999
OBJECTIVE - To evaluate the cardiac abnormalities and their evolution during the course of the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, as well as to correlate clinical and pathological data. METHODS - Twenty-one patients, admitted to the hospital with the diagnosis of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, were prospectively studied and followed until their death. ...
King H K HK Department of Anesthesiology, King/Drew Medical Center, Charles R. Drew University of Medicine and Science, Los Angeles, California, USA. - - 1999
Sudden cardiac arrest following high spinal anesthesia (SA) in young and healthy patients with poor outcome has been reported. Extreme bradycardia, hypotension and/or asystole during SA has recently received worldwide attention. We report a high risk patient who developed cardiac arrest associated with two other episodes of extreme bradycardia, hypotension ...
Shahid M S - - 1999
This is a two-dimensional and Doppler echocardiographic study of the hemodynamic changes in patients with heatstroke and heat exhaustion. It demonstrates that the hemodynamic changes in severe heat exposure reflect a hyperdynamic circulation with tachycardia and high cardiac output states. Relative hypovolemia was more pronounced in patients with heatstroke compared ...
Laine K - - 1999
Typically, 3% to 5% of patients experience sensations of heaviness, pressure, and tightness in the chest after administration of sumatriptan, but there is little ECG evidence of ischemia. The serious cardiovascular incidents after consuming sumatriptan have been associated mostly with the subcutaneous dosage form of this drug and with patients ...
Sbarigia E - - 1999
The incidence of cardiac morbidity and mortality in patients who undergo carotid surgery ranges from 0.7% to 7.1%, but it still represents almost 50% of all perioperative complications. Because no data are available in literature about the impact of the anesthetic technique on such complications, a prospective randomized monocentric study ...
Agostini D - - 1999
PURPOSE: Twelve patients with proved pheochromocytoma evaluated in our institution between 1991 and 1997 are described. METHODS: The patients' urinary excretion rates and their metabolites (vanylmandelic acid and metanephrines) were significantly greater than normal before surgery. Echocardiography showed normal left ventricular ejection fractions (72% +/- 8%). All of the patients ...
Lazarević A M - - 1999
PURPOSE: The reported incidence of cardiac involvement in trichinosis is highly variable, ranging from 21% to 75%. This study sought to determine the incidence and type of cardiac lesions in trichinosis using serial echocardiographic examinations. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Sixty-two consecutive patients admitted to the Banja Luka Medical Center during an ...
Druschky A - - 1999
Involvement of the autonomic cardiac nervous system in early stages of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) was evaluated in 40 patients. I-123-metaiodobenzylguanidine-single photon emission computed tomography (MIBG-SPECT) and heart rate variability (HRV) yielded information about sympathetic and parasympathetic innervation of the heart. MIBG-SPECT is a sensitive diagnostic method for demonstration of ...
Lin A E - - 1999
Diverse cardiac abnormalities have been reported in patients with the Simpson-Golabi-Behmel syndrome (SGBS), and it is suspected that they are related to the apparently high incidence of early death. To clarify the incidence and significance of the various cardiac abnormalities, we reviewed 101 SGBS patients (89 from the literature, 12 ...
Flammang D - - 1999
BACKGROUND: A previous observational study suggested that, in syncopal elderly patients with vasovagal syndrome, a test using adenosine-5'-triphosphate (intravenous ATP 20 mg. 2 ml-1) could identify a subgroup of patients at high risk of severe cardioinhibitory response and guide the therapeutic strategy. To test one aspect of these results prospectively, ...
Castelo Branco N A - - 1999
INTRODUCTION: One of the main features of vibroacoustic disease (VAD) is the proliferation of the extra-cellular matrix which induces cardiovascular morphological and dynamic changes, and has been evaluated through echo-Doppler. While all subjects exposed to large pressure amplitude (> or =90 dB SPL) and low frequency (< or =500 Hz) ...
Uma N - - 1999
Fifty consecutive patients of cerebral infarction underwent a detailed evaluation for the presence of cardiac disease, by means of a standard questionnaire, clinical examination, a 12 lead electrocardiogram, and a 2-D echo and colour Doppler examination. Only 9 patients had a normal echocardiogram, while as many as 27 (54%) demonstrated ...
Musso P - - 1999
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was investigate the prevalence of abnormal values of cardiac troponin T (cTnT) and cardiac troponin I (cTnI) in patients with chronic renal failure (CRF) and their clinical significance. DESIGN AND METHODS: We investigated the concentrations of cTnT and cTnI in 49 CRF patients without ...
Murphy M J - - 1999
Research indicates that no tests of a single cardiac marker are 100% specific and sensitive for diagnosis of AMI in all patients. Each biomarker has advantages and disadvantages (see Table). Over-reliance on a single diagnostic test is risky. Specific tests should be ordered on the basis of the individual patient's ...
Reich D L - - 1999
INTRODUCTION: Pediatric patients undergoing prolonged periods of deep hypothermic circulatory arrest have been found to experience long-term deficits in cognitive function. However, there is limited information of this type in adult patients who are undergoing deep hypothermic circulatory arrest for thoracic aortic repairs. METHODS: One hundred forty-nine patients undergoing elective ...
Blinder D - - 1998
PURPOSE: This study attempted to identify which group of cardiac patients is most at risk when dental extractions are performed under a local anesthetic with a vasopressor. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Forty cardiac patients who had dental extractions under local anesthesia were connected to a Holter monitor for 24 hours, starting ...
Murray J M - - 1998
PURPOSE: Four cardiac ischaemic events are reported during and after prolonged anaesthesia with desflurane. CLINICAL FEATURES: We have evaluated desflurane in 21 consecutive patients undergoing advanced head and neck reconstructive surgery. Four deaths occurred which were associated with cardiac ischaemic syndromes either during or immediately after operation. All patients in ...
Itani K M - - 1998
BACKGROUND: This study evaluated the impact of Goldman's index (GI), radionuclide ventriculography (RVG), and dipyridamole-thallium scintigraphy (DTS) on predicting cardiac outcome after vascular operations. METHODS: A total of 463 consecutive patients undergoing vascular operations were divided into those who had no DTS, those who had reversible ischemia by DTS, and ...
Ornish D - - 1998
The Multicenter Lifestyle Demonstration Project was designed to determine if comprehensive lifestyle changes can be a direct alternative to revascularization for selected patients without increasing cardiac events. A total of 333 patients completed this demonstration project (194 in the experimental group and 139 in the control group). We found that ...
Maharajh G S - - 1998
BACKGROUND: With the growing number of elderly patients presenting for cardiac operations we analyzed their early survival data to determine whether any preoperative variables might be indicative of increased risk. METHODS: From 1990 to 1995, 436 consecutive patients who were 75 years old or older had either coronary artery bypass, ...
Köhrer K - - 1998
Recent years have seen the advent of new cardiac markers. These have been shown to be valuable in large controlled clinical trials. The breakthrough of the troponins world-wide for detection of myocardial lesions has meant that the Cardiac Troponin T parameter has been available in our hospital since August 1996. ...
Fulton J O - - 1998
Cardiac rupture as a result of blunt trauma is not commonly encountered. Seven patients with this injury have been treated at Groote Schuur Hospital over the past 14 years. All presented with cardiovascular collapse and 4 developed signs of cardiac tamponade. A clinical diagnosis was made in 4 patients and ...
Goodwin J K - - 1998
The detection and characterization of transient arrhythmias is possible with continuous ambulatory electrocardiography (Holter monitoring) or cardiac event recording. These techniques have significantly increased our appreciation of transient arrhythmias, often undetected with routine echocardiography and have provided highly sensitive means to assess need and efficacy of antiarrhythmic therapy. Correlation of ...
Wojnicz R - - 1998
AIMS: The aim of this study was to characterize the up-regulation of major histocompatibility complex antigens class I (HLA-A, B, C) and class II (HLA-DR), and intercellular adhesion molecule-1 with special emphasis on de novo induction of these molecules on cardiac myocytes in patients with suspected myocarditis. METHODS: Endomyocardial biopsy ...
Brandt R R - - 1998
Transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) has a definitive role in the diagnosis and management of critically ill patients with cardiovascular disease and patients undergoing cardiac operations. The diagnostic role of emergency intraoperative TEE and the impact on clinical outcome have not been evaluated. We reviewed the indications, findings, and impact of emergency ...
Marwick T H - - 1998
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to define the value of dobutamine echocardiography (DbE) for cardiac risk stratification in patients with chronic renal failure (CRF). DESIGN: Outcome study correlating results of DbE with late cardiac events in patients with CRF. SETTING: Academic medical centre. SUBJECTS: All patients with CRF (serum creatinine > ...
Banci M - - 1998
The diagnosis of skeletal muscle involvement in patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc) is usually based on clinical, laboratory, electromyographic, and bioptic evidence of muscle disorder, whereas SSc cardiac disease is well established by nuclear medicine techniques (radionuclide ventriculography and myocardial scintigraphy). Previous reports have retrospectively hypothesized a possible relationship between ...
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