Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 1722
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DeBois William J - - 2006
Anticoagulation for the open heart surgery patient undergoing cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) is achieved with the use of heparin. The industry standard of activated clotting time (ACT) was used to measure the effect of heparin. The commonly acceptable target time of anticoagulation adequacy is 480 seconds or greater. Some patients, however, ...
Mukhopadhyay Amartya - - 2006
We hypothesise that correct interpretation of other diagnostic tests could reduce the use of computerised tomographic pulmonary angiogram (CTPA) examinations in patients with suspected pulmonary embolism (PE). Materials and Methods: We carried out a retrospective analysis of 158 patients in a 928-bed university hospital. These consecutive patients were investigated for ...
Bjellerup M - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To analyse the diagnosis, treatment and prognosis in patients attending a specialised leg ulcer clinic at a dermatology department. METHOD: In total, 345 patients were investigated and 332 registered and followed up prospectively. All patients had their arterial and venous circulation assessed with a hand-held Doppler ultrasound. RESULTS: The ...
van Neer Pierre - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether in patients with posterolateral thigh perforator (PLTP) varicosities ultrasound-guided sclerotherapy (USGS) is successful and to determine any deep venous anomaly. PATIENTS: Twelve consecutive patients with PLTP varicosities were investigated and treated. DESIGN: In this prospective intervention study USGS of the PLTP with polidocanol microfoam 1-2% was ...
Wasay Mohammad - - 2006
There is increasing evidence that local thrombolysis can be used with relative safety and efficacy in adults with superior sagittal sinus thrombosis (SSST). However, little data is available on the use of local thrombolysis in children with SSST. We report three patients who received local thrombolysis for dural sinus thrombosis. ...
Soyer Tutku - - 2006
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: A retrospective study was performed to evaluate risk factors, clinical features, and treatment modalities of portal vein thrombosis (PVT) after splenectomy in pediatric hematologic disease. METHODS: Sixty-eight patients who underwent splenectomy for various hematologic diseases were evaluated with regard to age, sex, blood count, and splenic mass. Patients who ...
Blaney Martha - - 2006
PURPOSE: Alteplase is approved for use in the restoration of function to occluded central venous access devices (CVADs); however, there are few prospective studies in children. This study was undertaken to evaluate the safety and efficacy of alteplase in the treatment of CVAD occlusions in a pediatric population. MATERIALS AND ...
Pini Mario - - 2006
Patients with clinical conditions such as surgery, trauma, and acute medical illness have a transiently increased risk of venous thromboembolism and merit consideration for adequate thromboprophylaxis. The choice of an appropriate pharmacologic or physical means of prophylaxis should be made taking into account both the thrombotic and bleeding risk associated ...
Summerfield David L - - 2006
Every year, thousands of patients develop deep vein thrombosis (DVT) after undergoing surgery. Deep vein thromboses that result in pulmonary embolisms (PEs) are believed to be one of the most frequently occurring, preventable killers of hospitalized patients. Strategies for preventing a patient from developing DVT include implementing chemical or mechanical ...
Taher Ali - - 2006
Beta-thalassaemia is a congenital haemolytic anaemia characterized by partial (intermedia, TI) or complete (major, TM) deficiency in the production of beta-globin chains. The primary aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of thromboembolic events in patients with beta-thalassaemia. To achieve this, a multiple choice questionnaire was sent to ...
Pesavento Raffaele - - 2006
Despite considerable progress in the diagnosis and treatment of deep vein thrombosis (DVT) of the lower extremities, one of every three patients will develop postthrombotic sequelae within 2 years; these sequelae are severe in approximately 20% of cases and produce considerable socioeconomic consequences. Among factors potentially related to the development ...
Marie I - - 2006
BACKGROUND: To date, the prevalence of intravenous immunoglobulin (IvIg)-related thrombotic complications has not been evaluated in patients with autoimmune disorders followed up in Departments of Internal Medicine. OBJECTIVES: To assess prevalence and characteristics of IvIg-related thrombotic complications in patients with autoimmune disorders receiving IvIg therapy; to evaluate the predictive factors ...
Le Gall Catherine - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to assess low molecular weight heparin auto-injection skills of self-supporting patients, taught by a nurse through a rapid demonstration in an emergency department. METHODS: The study was a prospective, multicentre study, carried out in emergency departments. It included all ambulatory attending patients over ...
Rust Tilmann - - 2006
Eighty-one cases of chronic subdural haematomas (CSDH) admitted to the neurosurgical unit of the Royal Hobart Hospital, Tasmania, Australia, over a 5-year period were reviewed. The use of anticoagulant therapy as a causative agent in the development of CSDH was investigated. We suspected a high incidence of anticoagulant or anti-thrombotic ...
Song Joon Sup - - 2006
Studies investigating the effect of prophylactic drugs on hepatic veno-occlusive disease (VOD) development are rare in children that have undergone allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). This study examined risk factors for VOD, the effect of prophylactic low-dose heparin or lipo-prostaglandin E1 (lipo-PGE1) and the survival rate at day +100 ...
Tapson Victor F - - 2006
The incidence and prevalence of chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH) are yet to be accurately determined and may be significantly underestimated. Historically, the occurrence of CTEPH in patients diagnosed with acute pulmonary embolism (PE) has been considered rare. Data from autopsy studies estimated the incidence of CTEPH at 1-3% overall ...
Lobrano Amy - - 2006
Patients with severe gastrointestinal motility disorders are often found to have intravenous access clots or deep venous thrombosis. It has previously been reported that many patients who have intravenous access thrombosis have concomitant thrombotic risk factors. In this study, the goal was to determine the underlying prevalence of hypercoagulable risk ...
Lehman Christopher M - - 2006
The availability of automated anti-Xa heparin assays provides the opportunity to manage patient unfractionated heparin levels directly, rather than by the activated partial thromboplastin time. Because critically ill patients can acquire an antithrombin deficiency, we compared the performance of 3 anti-Xa heparin assays, 1 with and 2 without antithrombin supplementation, ...
Gainza Francisco J - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Heparin remains the drug most commonly used for anticoagulation in continuous renal replacement therapies (CRRTs). However, in patients with hypercoagulability, heparin is insufficient or, in cases with an increased risk of bleeding or thrombocytopenia, it may be contraindicated. Epoprostenol, a potent vasodilator, antithrombotic and antiplatelet agent, could be an ...
Smith Wendy - - 2006
PURPOSE: To report the results of endoscopic dacryocystorhinotomy (EDCR) in anticoagulated patients who did not interrupt their anticoagulant regimen for the procedure. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A case note review was made of all 9 patients taking warfarin who had EDCR at Ipswich Hospital from May 1998 to October 2003. Age, ...
Prandoni P - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Recently, we reported an association between asymptomatic carotid atherosclerosis and venous thromboembolism (VTE) of unknown origin. We hypothesized that patients with VTE of unknown origin would be at a higher risk of developing symptomatic atherosclerosis than patients with VTE induced by known risk factors. METHODS: To examine this hypothesis, ...
el-Sakka Ahmed I - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: To assess the effect of premature ejaculation (PE) and low desire on the efficacy and satisfaction rate of sildenafil in the treatment of erectile dysfunction (ED). METHODS: A total of 586 male patients with ED in association with and without PE or low desire were enrolled in this study. ...
Omar Souheil - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To test the association between hyperhomocysteinemia (HHC) and deep venous thrombosis (DVT) of lower extremities in Tunisians. DESIGN AND METHODS: This case-control study included 90 patients with DVT of the lower extremities and 160 healthy controls. Plasma homocysteine, vitamin B(12) and folate were determined using immunoenzymatic methods. Logistic regression ...
Breccia M - - 2007
Although the occurrence of thrombosis in acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) has been reported during retinoic acid treatment, no studies carried out in large clinical cohorts have specifically addressed this issue. We analyzed 124 APL patients treated with the all-trans retinoic acid and idarubicin protocol and compared clinico-biologic characteristics of 11 ...
Paneesha S - - 2006
Qualitative D-dimer results, together with clinical probability scores, are well established in the diagnosis of venous thromboembolism (VTE). The predictive value of quantitative D-dimer levels for various clinical outcomes in VTE patients is not fully understood. D-dimer levels obtained at presentation were analysed in 699 (360 men; 339 women) VTE ...
Elice Francesca - - 2006
Acquired activated protein C resistance (aAPCR), not associated with factor V Leiden, has been described in cancer patients with an increased risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE). APCR was determined in 1178 myeloma patients using an activated partial thromboplastin time-based resistance assay in the presence of excess of factor V-deficient plasma; ...
Sarica-Kucukoglu Rifkiye - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Vascular lesions can be the presenting sign of Behçet's disease (BD) preceding classical symptoms. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence and types of vascular involvement in BD. METHODS: Among 2319 patients diagnosed with BD according to the criteria of the International Study Group for BD, ...
Liu Lin-tao - - 2006
Venous thromboembolism (VTE), which is manifested as deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE), represents a significant cause of death, disability, and discomfort. They are frequent complications of various surgical procedures. The aging population and the survival of more severely injured patients may suggest an increasing risk of thromboembolism ...
Warkentin Theodore E - - 2006
Heparin-induced thrombocytopenia (HIT) is caused by antibodies against a "self" protein-platelet factor 4-bound to heparin. We observed an overrepresentation of the female gender in 290 patients who developed HIT after cardiac or orthopedic surgery compared with the representation found in national databases (study 1). Therefore, we investigated gender imbalance in ...
Biondi-Zoccai Giuseppe G L - - 2007
Paclitaxel-eluting stents (PES) have been proved effective in randomized trials enrolling highly selected patients. Yet, given the uncertainty concerning results of PES implantation in very high-risk patients and lesions, we designed a prospective multicenter registry, the Taxus in Real-life Usage Evaluation (TRUE) Study. STUDY DESIGN, PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS AND IN-HOSPITAL OUTCOMES: ...
Ageno W - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The results of recent studies have suggested that patients with idiopathic venous thromboembolism (VTE) might be at increased risk of asymptomatic atherosclerosis and cardiovascular events. The metabolic syndrome is a cluster of risk factors for atherosclerosis. Its impact on VTE is unknown. METHODS: In a case-control study, consecutive patients ...
Kalva Sanjeeva P - - 2006
The purpose of the study was to assess the clinical safety and efficacy of the "Recovery(TM)" (Bard) inferior vena cava (IVC) filter. We retrospectively evaluated the clinical and imaging data of patients who had a "Recovery(TM)" IVC filter placed between January 2003 and December 2004 in our institution. The clinical ...
Cassada David C - - 2006
Venous thoracic outlet syndrome (V-TOS) and associated subclavian vein thrombosis (SVT) result in significant patient morbidity and can be difficult to manage. Previous studies have suggested that both mechanical compressive factors and pathological alterations in patient coagulation may contribute to the development of SVT; however, no study has specifically evaluated ...
Anand S - - 2006
Summary: Patients with acute cerebral venous sinus thrombosis treated with Heparin or in situ thrombolysis in our department were evaluated in an attempt to rationalize treatment with heparin or thrombolysis. 279 patients with angiographically proven acute cerebral venous sinus thrombosis were included in the study. Patients were classified into mild ...
McCrindle Brian W - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Thrombosis in children with dilated and inflammatory cardiomyopathy is an unpredictable complication with potentially important morbidity. OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence, associated factors, management and outcomes of thrombosis in this setting. METHODS: Data were obtained from review of medical records. Factors associated with thrombosis and the impact on outcome ...
Le Gal Grégoire - - 2006
The presence of a clot-- even asymptomatic-- in the proximal lower limb veins of a patient with clinically suspected pulmonary embolism (PE) provides evidence for venous thromboembolism and indicates anticoagulant therapy in such patients. We aimed at assessing the diagnostic performance of compression ultrasonography as compared to multi-slice computed tomography ...
Wada H - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Fibrin-related markers such as soluble fibrin (SF) and D-dimer are considered useful for the diagnosis of thrombosis. However, the evidence for diagnosis of thrombosis by fibrin-related markers is not well-established. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the cutoff values of D-dimer and SF in the diagnosis of thrombosis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Plasma ...
Cynamon Jacob - - 2006
Failure to treat deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Anticoagulation, although effective at preventing clot progression, is not able to prevent postthrombotic syndrome. Catheter-directed thrombolysis is a more aggressive alternative, with some small studies suggesting a better long-term outcome, but the associated risks are significant, ...
Nathan Saminathan S - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Patients with cancer who undergo surgery about the hip are at increased risk for the development of deep vein thrombosis. We implemented a program of chemical and mechanical prophylaxis to prevent this problem. This study was performed to assess the effectiveness of that program. METHODS: Eighty-seven consecutive patients with ...
Erkan Doruk - - 2006
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To review the recently published studies that can guide physicians in the management of persistently antiphospholipid antibody (aPL)-positive patients. RECENT FINDINGS: Two recent prospective randomized controlled trials of two intensities of warfarin concluded that both moderate and high-intensity anticoagulation are similarly protective in antiphospholipid syndrome patients after ...
Sohne M - - 2006
The diagnostic work-up of patients with suspected pulmonary embolism (PE) has been optimized and simplified by the use of clinical decision rules (CDR), D-dimer (DD) testing and spiral computed tomography (s-CT). Whether this strategy is equally safe and efficient in specific subgroups of patients is evaluated in this study. A ...
Verin Eric - - 2006
The aim of the present study was to evaluate diaphragmatic strength in patients with unilateral diaphragmatic paralysis and to determine whether patients with recent diaphragm paralysis develop lower inspiratory pressure than patients with longstanding diaphragmatic paralysis. Twenty patients (16 men and 4 women, 62+/-12 years) and six control subjects were ...
Singh Niten - - 2006
It has been postulated that lower extremity fasciotomy may disrupt the calf musculovenous pump and predisposes to development of chronic venous insufficiency (CVI). However, studies based on trauma patients who undergo emergent fasciotomy are confounded by the possibility of concomitant vascular and soft tissue injury and use historical controls. This ...
Ozbudak Omer - - 2006
In patients with acute pulmonary embolism (PE) the frequency of deep vein thrombosis (DVT) varies between 13-93%. The aim of this study was to compare Doppler ultrasonography (DUSG) and venography in the detection of DVT in patients with PE. Fifty-one patients who were clinically diagnosed as having PE from January ...
Kruse Lori - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The frequency of the thrombophilic genetic variants factor V Leiden (FVL) G1691A, prothrombin G20210A, and methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) C677T in acutely symptomatic ambulatory patients with idiopathic pulmonary embolism (PE) has not been measured. METHODS: This prospective case-control study included patients presenting to urban emergency departments (EDs) with chest pain ...
Michota Franklin A FA - - 2006
Hospital strategies to prevent VTE are important to reduce acute morbidity and mortality as well as the long-term consequences caused by venous stasis syndrome. Patients at low risk (eg, those who are ambulatory or undergoing a same-day procedure) or who are at high risk for bleeding (including those with severe ...
Al-Mwalad M - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: In international studies, only a few data are available on subcutaneous penile vein thrombosis. The pathogenesis is unknown, and no general recommendation exists regarding therapy. METHODS: A total of 25 patients with the clinical picture of a "superficial penile vein thrombosis" were treated at our policlinic. All patients had ...
Chen Ju-Yi - - 2006
The objective of the present study was to develop a simple clinical model for predicting pulmonary embolism (PE) in patients with acute dyspnea in the emergency room. Patients and measurements: We enrolled 56 patients diagnosed with PE, and 92 consecutive patients without PE, all of whom presented with acute dyspnea ...
Howlader Mohammad Hossain - - 2006
In patients with lipodermatosclerosis caused by chronic venous disease of the lower limb, the skin capillaries show proliferation and convolution. To our knowledge, no previous attempt has been made to correlate the clinical severity of venous disease based on the CEAP classification with the capillary morphology changes. The purpose of ...
Sakon M - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Venous thromboembolism (VTE) has been considered to be a rare surgical complication in Japan. AIM: To investigate the incidence and risk factors of VTE in Japanese patients undergoing major abdominal surgery. METHODS: A prospective, multi-center epidemiological study was conducted from December, 2001 to August 2002 in 39 medical institutes ...
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