Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 1722
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Ruiz-Irastorza Guillermo - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To systematically review the efficacy and safety data of different therapeutic approaches in patients with antiphospholipid antibodies (aPL) and thrombosis. METHODS: The Medline database and references from selected reports and review articles were used. Randomized controlled trials, prospective and retrospective cohort studies, and subgroup analysis (n > 15) that ...
Brasileiro Aldo L - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Lower limbs deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE) are major causes of morbidity and mortality and are even higher in bariatric patients. The longer operative time and higher immobility in these patients increase the DVT risk. Although deaths after bariatric surgery have been reported, there is no ...
Sellier Elodie - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To identify risk factors for deep vein thrombosis (DVT) in older patients with restricted mobility or functional disability. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: Forty-two postacute care departments in France. PARTICIPANTS: Eight hundred twelve patients aged 65 and older. MEASUREMENTS: Twenty-two predefined characteristics were investigated, including medical and surgical risk factors, dependence ...
Yunus Tahir E - - 2008
A significant increase in the frequency of inferior vena cava (IVC) filter placement at our large community-based academic health center led us to evaluate changes in indications, devices, and providers over the past decade. A single-center retrospective review of all filter placements was performed comparing 76 patients in 1995 with ...
Mitry Emmanuel - - 2007
AIM: To estimate the risk of venous thrombosis associated with pancreatic adenocarcinoma and its consequences on treatment and survival. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed a cohort of 90 patients (49 males, 41 females - median age: 67 years [range: 37-94]). Pancreatic adenocarcinoma was histologically proved in 72 patients (81%) ...
Rathbun Suman W - - 2007
The objective of this study was to test the safety of withholding anticoagulant treatment and additional call-back diagnostic testing with ultrasound in patients who have a negative D-dimer at presentation. Patients with signs and symptoms of deep-vein thrombosis who presented to the emergency department after regular hours and on weekends ...
Eichinger Sabine - - 2007
In patients with venous thromboembolism (VTE) a laboratory assay that globally measures the overall thrombophilic tendency is not available. We hypothesized that determination of ProC((R)) Global, a plasma assay which tests the global function of the protein C pathway, could be used to stratify patients according to their risk of ...
Kim Young-Hoo - - 2007
We evaluated 136 hips (104 patients) to determine the prevalence of and contributing factors in deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE) in those who were not given thromboprophylaxis when undergoing primary cementless total hip arthroplasty (THA). We performed coagulation assays, a full blood count, blood typing, and serum ...
Formisano R - - 2007
PURPOSE: Early diagnosis and treatment of venous thrombosis biocontact="no" are essential in preventing pulmonary embolism (PE) and reducing the risk of recurrence. The objective was to assess the usefulness of the D-Dimer testing to rule out symptomatic VT in populations of patients receiving heparin in prophylactic doses. METHODS: One hundred ...
Yasui Takahiro - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the usefulness and safety of multidetector-row computed tomography (MDCT) pulmonary angiography and indirect venography management of acute pulmonary embolism (PE), including indication for inferior vena cava (IVC) filter. METHODS AND RESULTS: Seventy-one consecutive patients who were clinically suspected of PE and ...
Altieri Marta - - 2008
BACKGROUND/AIM: The lateral sinus (LS) is composed of the transverse sinus (TS) and sigmoid sinus (SiS). METHODS: We studied the clinical pattern of complete or isolated LS thrombosis in 22 consecutive patients. RESULTS: Isolated LS thrombosis patients had a more severe clinical presentation, and more frequent intracranial hemorrhages and seizures. ...
Marcy Pierre-Yves - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The objective of the current study was 2-fold: to evaluate a radiologically placed percutaneous arm port device (PRAPD) in a large series of 1000 consecutive cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy (in terms of safety, efficacy, complications, and quality of life [QoL]) and to propose future recommendations. METHODS: From 1998 to ...
Dana A - - 2007
Increasing evidence suggests that treatment with the low molecular weight heparin enoxaparin during percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is safe and effective. We evaluated the incidence and consequences of periprocedural macroscopic thrombus formation on PCI equipment following antithrombin therapy with enoxaparin. Between April 2003 and December 2004, all patients undergoing cardiac ...
Warnaar N - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary embolism (PE) and intracardiac thrombosis (ICT) are rare but potentially lethal complications during orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT). METHODS: We aimed to review clinical and pathological correlates of PE and ICT in patients undergoing OLT. A systematic review of the literature was conducted using MEDLINE and ISI Web of ...
Pasqualotto A C - - 2008
The issue of central venous catheter (CVC) removal in adult patients with candidaemia remains controversial. Although removal of CVCs has been advocated as an adjunctive strategy for treating patients with candidaemia, most studies have failed to control for important variables, e.g., the severity of illness and persistence of neutropenia. Multivariate ...
Sharma Om P - - 2007
Serial venous duplex scans (VDS) were done in 507 trauma patients with at least one risk factor (RF) for venous thromboembolism (VTE) during a 2-year study period. Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) was detected in 31 (6.1%) patients. This incidence was 3.1 per cent in low (1-2 RFs), 3.4 per cent ...
Comerota Anthony J - - 2007
Iliofemoral deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is associated with serious short- and long-term physical, social, and economic sequelae for patients. Most physicians treat patients with acute iliofemoral DVT in the same manner as they treat all acute DVT patients: with anticoagulation alone. Yet a growing body of evidence suggests that, in ...
Raju Seshadri - - 2007
Compressive stockings are considered the centerpiece of treatment in chronic venous disease (CVD). It is known that stockings fail in some patients for varied reasons: they are ineffective despite wear in some, but more commonly patients are unable or unwilling to use them as prescribed. Detailed statistics regarding stocking compliance ...
Nordenholz Kristen E - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The literature supports a negative D-dimer (-DD) excluding venous thromboembolic disease (VTE) in low-risk patients. We determined the radiologic diagnoses in patients where imaging was ordered despite a -DD. METHODS: This is a retrospective chart review of patients with a -DD (Tinaquant; Roche Diagnostics, Mannheim, Germany) and a radiologic ...
Lachiewicz Paul F - - 2007
We used aspirin and mechanical calf pneumatic compression for thromboembolism prophylaxis in 856 consecutive primary and revision total knee arthroplasties. Regional anesthesia was used in 97% of the procedures. Duplex ultrasonography was performed before discharge. We advised patients with calf thrombi to continue aspirin and have repeat duplex scans in ...
Dubois Josée - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Peripherally inserted central catheters (PICC) in children and adolescents are being used with increasing frequency. We sought to determine the incidence and characterize risk factors of deep vein thrombosis associated with peripherally inserted central catheters in a pediatric population. METHODS: We conducted a prospective study involving consecutive patients referred ...
Ageno Walter - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Signs and symptoms of venous thromboembolism (VTE) are non-specific and thus can make diagnosis difficult, even for an experienced clinician. We aimed to evaluate the timing of diagnosis of deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE) in Italian hospitals and to identify individual and clinical predictors of timely ...
KaczyƄska Anna - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Despite long-term anticoagulation in some patients after acute pulmonary embolism (APE) pulmonary thrombi are not completely resolved. We hypothesized that elevated D-dimer concentration reflecting increased endogenous fibrinolysis may indicate incomplete pulmonary thrombi resolution after the first episode of PE. METHODS: 55 patients aged 54.7+/-18.6 years were anticoagulated for 6 ...
Kim Young-Hoo - - 2007
We evaluated a total of 473 knees (264 patients) to determine the prevalence of deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism (PE) in those who were not given thromboprophylaxis after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Deep vein thrombosis was diagnosed by roentgenographic venography, and PE was diagnosed by perfusion lung scanning. In ...
Lobo Bob L - - 2007
PURPOSE: The current indications, dosing, and practical considerations for use of newer anticoagulants in patients with various degrees of renal impairment who do not require dialysis are reviewed. SUMMARY: Kidney function should generally be evaluated in all patients commencing anticoagulant therapy. As in the general population, hospitalized patients with impaired ...
Falgá Conxita - - 2007
There is little information on the clinical outcome of patients with venous thromboembolism and renal insufficiency. RIETE is an ongoing, prospective registry of consecutive patients with acute, objectively confirmed, symptomatic deep vein thrombosis (DVT) or pulmonary embolism (PE). In this analysis we analyzed the three-month outcome in patients with creatinine ...
Gray Anthony - - 2007
Heparin-induced thrombocytopenia (HIT) is a prothrombotic, immune-mediated adverse reaction to heparin therapy. To evaluate clinical outcomes and effects of argatroban therapy in acutely ill HIT patients. Retrospective analysis. Hospital in-patient. Acutely ill patients with clinically diagnosed HIT from previous multicenter, historically controlled studies of argatroban therapy in HIT. Argatroban, adjusted ...
Tan Susanna S S - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: Deep venous thrombosis (DVT) is thought to be less common in Asians than in the Caucasian population. The incidence of asymptomatic DVT in high-risk groups in the Asian population has not been well studied. While DVT incidence among Caucasian stroke patients has been extensively studied and the need for ...
Sebastian Jodi K - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Venous thrombotic events (VTE), including both deep venous thrombosis and pulmonary emboli, are now recognized as an important complication of Wegener's granulomatosis (WG), but the mechanism(s) of this occurrence is unclear. The frequency of anticardiolipin antibodies (aCL), anti-beta2-glycoprotein antibodies (anti-beta2-GP), and several genetic hypercoagulable factors were examined in a ...
Oguzkurt Levent - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To retrospectively evaluate technical success and long-term outcome of endovascular treatment in patients with iliofemoral deep vein thrombosis (DVT) due to iliac vein compression syndrome (IVCS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between March 2003 and September 2006, 36 consecutive patients (26 women [72%], 10 men, mean age 50+/-18 years) with acute ...
Okumus Gulfer - - 2008
The aim of this study was to investigate the hereditary thrombophilic risk factors in patients with venous thromboembolism (VTE) and whether these risk factors play a different role in patients with isolated pulmonary embolism (PE) as compared with patients with deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and patients with PE + DVT. ...
Casasco Alfredo - - 2008
Basilar artery (BA) thrombosis is a severe condition that has a high percentage of mortality if no treatment is performed. Recanalization is the most successful way of reducing mortality and improving outcome in patients with BA thrombosis. We present a case of a patient that presented to our hospital 12 ...
Campbell W B - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the activities which may exacerbate symptoms in patients with varicose veins. METHODS: Questionnaires sent to patients before clinics and at least six months later. RESULTS: Both questionnaires were returned by 149 of 203 patients (74%) but only 124 contained adequate data for comparison--55 from patients who had ...
El Rassi Fuad A FA Leukemia Department, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX 77030, - - 2008
Venous thrombosis is a well-recognized complication of lenalidomide therapy in patients with multiple myeloma, but its occurrence during the treatment of other hematologic malignancies is less well described. In this report, we detail the occurrence of corpora cavernosa thrombosis in a patient receiving lenalidomide for the therapy of myelofibrosis. This ...
Kurbatov D G - - 2008
Duplex Doppler ultrasonography (DDU) and dynamic infusion pharmacocavernosometry are the conventional diagnostic methods currently used to assess veno-occlusive hemodynamic status of patients with erectile dysfunction (ED). Dynamic infusion pharmacocavernosography is the standard method for demonstrating and visualization of venous leakage. To assess the potential application and utility of magnetic resonance ...
Otrock Zaher K - - 2008
Cerebral venous and sinus thrombosis (CVST) is a multifaceted disorder. The frequency of inherited and acquired thrombophilia among 16 CVST patients was evaluated. The mean age of the patients was 22.9 years. Five out of the 16 CVST patients (31.2%) showed the G1691A mutation of factor V. The frequency of ...
Plumb Troy J - - 2007
A variety of factors have been proposed to explain arteriovenous fistula primary failures in patients undergoing hemodialysis, including obesity, diabetes mellitus, female sex, and the absence of preoperative vein mapping. In this report, we describe 2 women for whom premature upper-extremity arteriovenous fistula failures occurred in the setting of venographic ...
Yamaki Takashi - - 2007
This study investigated the prevalence and distribution of deep vein thrombosis (DVT) in patients with symptomatic pulmonary embolism (PE) to establish a screening protocol to reduce unnecessary venous duplex scanning using different D-dimer level rather than single cutoff point of 0.5 microg/mL in patients with low and moderate pretest clinical ...
Billett H H - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The benefit of an inferior vena cava (IVC) filter in addition to standard anticoagulation regimens is unknown. METHODS: We examined data for patients who received IVC filters with anticoagulation (AC-Filter) after an episode of venous thromboembolism (VTE) and compared them with data for those who received anticoagulation ...
Gargiulo Nicholas J NJ - - 2007
Obesity independently increases the risk of pulmonary embolism (PE). We compare a superobese population (body mass index [BMI] > 55 kg/m(2)) undergoing open gastric bypasses (OGBs) with a similarly matched group of laparoscopic gastric bypasses (LGB) to see if the incidence of PE differs. We included all patients undergoing OGB ...
Farb R I - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Patients with intracranial hypotension (IH) demonstrate intracranial venous enlargement with a characteristic change in contour of the transverse sinus seen on routine T1-weighted sagittal imaging. In IH, the inferior margin of the midportion of the dominant transverse sinus acquires a distended convex appearance; we have termed this ...
Dentali Francesco - - 2007
We evaluated the prevalences of metabolic syndrome (MS) and hyperhomocysteinemia in patients with unprovoked deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and in controls. MS and hyperhomocysteinemia were significantly more prevalent in DVT patients than in controls. However, only the presence of MS was independently associated with DVT, and the coexistence of both ...
Das P - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Pouch failure occurs in up to 10% of patients over a 10-year period for a variety of reasons. One surgical option is pouch excision (PE) and form a permanent ileostomy. This is a major procedure with potential serious complications. An alternative is indefinite diversion (ID) of the pouch without ...
Jang Ik-Kyung - - 2008
The efficacy of the direct thrombin inhibitor argatroban was investigated in patients who developed heparin-induced thrombocytopenia following heparin therapy for coronary artery disease. The outcome of 121 patients treated with argatroban was compared with that of 26 patients in a historical control (i.e. patients who did not receive direct thrombin ...
Machecourt Jacques - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: We sought to assess the frequency and causes of stent thrombosis in diabetic and nondiabetic patients after implantation of sirolimus-eluting stents. BACKGROUND: Safety concerns about late stent thrombosis have been raised, particularly when drug-eluting stents are used in less highly selected patients than in randomized trials. METHODS: The EVASTENT ...
Nobili C - - 2007
A 57-year-old woman presented with fever, vomiting and arthralgia, with a history of rheumatoid arthritis. Laboratory tests showed leucocytes, anaemia and elevation of C-reactive-protein (CRP). Blood cultures were positive for Gram negative bacteria and Streptococcus viridans. Patient underwent abdominal Computed Tomography (CT) scan revealing sigmoid acute diverticulitis with peridiverticular abscesses ...
Kouerinis Ilias A - - 2007
Despite the existence of several sensitive functional and antigen assays used for the diagnosis of heparin-induced thrombocytopenia (HIT), an additional assessment of the patient's hemostatic status, in order to predict the thrombotic complications of the malevolent HIT type II, has become necessary. Herein below, we present the findings of thromboelastography ...
Cornell Timothy - - 2007
Anticoagulation for extracorporeal life support (ECLS) is routinely achieved using heparin, which can be difficult in patients suspected of having heparin-induced thrombocytopenia. We describe a case series of five patients in which we used argatroban, a direct thrombin inhibitor, as an alternative to heparin for systemic anticoagulation during ECLS in ...
Brady Debra - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Nurses on an Acute Care Evidence Based Practice Committee, creating a policy to increase patient compliance with thromboembolic deterrent stockings (TEDS) and sequential compression devices (SCDs) for deep vein thrombosis prophylaxis, found limited literature on patient preference and response to this treatment. STUDY AIM: The study purpose was to ...
Wurm Gabriele - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Once thought to be rare entities, mixed cerebrovascular malformations with pathological features of more than one type of malformation within the same lesion are now being recognized with increasing frequency. Their identification generates several hypotheses about common pathogenesis or causation-evolution among different types of lesions and leads to controversial ...
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