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Kim Juyoung - - 2011
Hip replacement arthroplasty is a very reliable and effective therapeutic modality for patients with end-stage degenerative coxarthrosis secondary to Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease (LCPD). Long-term results of the conventional total hip arthroplasty for patients with LCPD have been reported to be satisfactory similar to those for patients with primary arthritis. For selective ...
Domagała-Kulawik Joanna - - 2011
Bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) is a useful technique for differential diagnosis of various interstitial lung diseases (ILDs) and is usually realized by analysis of the differential cell count. This study was conducted to estimate the value of bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) total cell count (TCC) in the diagnosis of ILD. We ...
Taveira-Dasilva Angelo M - - 2011
To determine the frequency of uterine leiomyomas and hysterectomy in patients with lymphangioleiomyomatosis (LAM), a disease characterized by proliferation of abnormal-appearing smooth muscle-like cells. Retrospective study. Natural history study at the National Institutes of Health. 456 patients with sporadic LAM and LAM associated with tuberous sclerosis complex (LAM/TSC). Review of ...
Zhao Yongqing - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this work was to study the quality of life (QOL) of adult patients with epilepsy in northern China. METHODS: Three hundred three adult patients with epilepsy were identified using a strict procedure of diagnosis at the outpatient clinic of the epilepsy center, and then their QOL ...
Pouclet Hélène - - 2011
We have shown that routine biopsies of the ascending colon obtained at colonoscopy allow the detection of Lewy neurites (LN) in the enteric nervous system (ENS) of Parkinson's disease (PD) patients. Although colonoscopy is a relatively safe procedure, it requires colon preparation and anesthesia. The present study was therefore undertaken ...
Zagar Ivana - - 2012
Our aim was to test the efficacy of 131-I therapy (RIT) using recombinant human TSH (rhTSH) in patients with differentiated thyroid carcinoma (DTC) in whom endogenous TSH stimulation was not an option due to the poor patient's physical condition or due to the disease progression during L-thyroxin withdrawal. The study ...
Morimoto Manabu - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Lens culinaris agglutinin-reactive fraction of α-fetoprotein (AFP-L3) is a specific marker used to detect hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, its clinical utility is not sufficient in patients with low total AFP concentrations because of limitations in instrument sensitivity. Recent advances have led to the introduction of a highly sensitive AFP-L3% ...
Moutzouri Elisavet - - 2011
We report the case of a 51-year-old patient with a history of liver cirrhosis, who presented with jaundice (total bilirubin 50 mg/dl [855 µmol/l], direct bilirubin 20 mg/dl [342 µmol/l]) and life-threatening hypophosphataemia (serum phosphate 0.5 mg/dl [0.16 mmol/l]), accompanied by inappropriate phosphaturia. The patient also manifested hypouricaemia (serum uric ...
Zaidi F H - - 2011
A literature review revealed there is no outcome data for endoscopic endonasal dacryocystorhinostomy (EES-DCR) in the subgroup of patients with acquired partial nasolacrimal duct obstruction (NDO). This study aimed to compare the results of EES-DCR vs external DCR (ext-DCR) in the treatment of partial NDO. This study is designed as ...
Boeer Klas - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Generally accepted reference values in CSF diagnostics are not valid in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) containing large amounts of blood. Residual blood may obscure ventriculitis as diagnostics largely depend on parameters such as cell count, lactic acid and total protein measurement. We sought to improve the diagnostics by evaluating a ...
Clark David W - - 2011
Recent data has implicated Staphylococcus aureus (SA) superantigen as a potential disease modifier in patients with chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) with nasal polyps (CRSwNP). The objective of this work was to compare total serum immunoglobulin E (IgE) and serum eosinophils in patients with CRSwNP and CRS without nasal polyps (CRSsNP) based ...
Li Ya-Yong - - 2011
Background/Aims: The purpose of this study was to explore the clinicopathological characteristics of intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC) in patients with cirrhosis. Methodology: A total of 155 patients with ICC were divided into those with cirrhosis (n=52) and those without cirrhosis (n=103). We compared the clinicopathological features of patients in both groups. ...
Takeuchi Satoru - - 2011
We retrospectively reviewed the clinical and radiological findings, management, and factors correlated with outcomes in 20 patients with simultaneous multiple hypertensive intracranial hemorrhages (ICH). The mean admission Glasgow Coma Scale score was 7.8. The most common hematoma location was the putamen, while putamen-brainstem hematomas were the most common combination. The ...
Barbosa João Paulo Dos Anjos Souza - - 2011
We assessed the reliability of the Baltimore Activity Scale for Intermittent Claudication (BASIC) for the evaluation of physical activity levels in individuals with intermittent claudication. We also identify the characteristics of the patients that influence the reliability of this questionnaire. A total of 38 men and women with peripheral artery ...
Shin Seung Yong - - 2011
Although left atrial volumes (LAVs) and transport function can be accurately measured by multi-slice computed tomography (MSCT) during sinus rhythm, limited data are available for in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). The aims of our study were to compare LAVs and function assessed by MSCT and transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) during ...
Schipilliti Mirko - - 2011
To study the relation between metabolic syndrome (MS), cavernosal morphological vasculopathy, and peripheral vascular alterations (carotid and femoral wall) in patients with erectile dysfunction. A total of 207 patients and 50 control subjects were evaluated for cardiovascular risk factors, physical examination, reproductive hormones, ultrasound analysis of cavernosal, carotid and femoral ...
Kataoka Hajime - - 2012
This study examined the characteristics of asymptomatic worsening heart failure (HF) events and validated the role of a novel HF monitoring method (measuring body weight [BW] and percent body fat [BF%]) to identify such worsening HF events. A clinician determined worsening HF status by evaluating symptoms, physical signs, and pleural ...
Zhengli Chen - - 2011
BACKGROUND: The modified Evans formula is the most often used schema for calculating intravenous resuscitation fluid requirement in burn patients in China, including two parameters: body weight and burnt body surface area (BBS). The aim of this retrospective study was to analyse depth of wound influencing intravenous fluid replacement in ...
Hodt-Billington Caroline - - 2011
Gait symmetry is often a goal for physiotherapy in patients with hip osteoarthritis and after total hip replacement. However, there is no agreement on criteria for pathological gait asymmetry. In this study we investigated discriminative abilities of trunk and footfall gait symmetry measures, and thereafter assessed whether a 10% cutoff ...
Tondo Mireia - - 2011
Our aim was to assess biochemical parameters to detect choroid plexus dysfunction in Kearns-Sayre syndrome (KSS) patients. We studied CSF from 7 patients with KSS including total proteins, 5-methyltetrahydrofolate, homovanillic acid (HVA) and Selenium (Se) concentrations. High Se values, increased HVA and total protein concentrations and decreased 5-MTHF values were ...
Kinugasa Tetsushi - - 2011
Leukocytapheresis (LCAP) is a recent modality for treatment of patients with ulcerative colitis (UC). This study aimed to assess whether LCAP changed the development of colorectal cancer (CRC) in patients with UC. A total of 42 patients with UC underwent surgical treatment from January 2001 until October 2010 at Kurume ...
Sharma Rekha - - 2011
To determine the prevalence of tooth size discrepancy (TSD) in a representative orthodontics population, to explore how many millimeters of TSD is clinically significant and to determine the ability of simple visual inspection to detect such a discrepancy. The sample comprised 150 pretreatment study casts with fully erupted and complete ...
Abakay Abdurrahman - - 2011
There are various anatomic variations in tracheobronchial system (tracheal bronchus, ectopic bronchus, and accessory bronchus). We aimed to investigate the bronchoscopic findings of the patients with tracheobronchial variations (TBVs) during bronchoscopy and to describe their clinical characteristics. A total of 3322 records of bronchoscopic examinations in university hospital and 1560 ...
Drost Nicole - - 2011
Quantitative cell counts in sputum provide an accurate assessment of the type and severity of bronchitis. To examine whether sputum cell counts could identify bronchiectasis in patients with recurrent bronchitis. A retrospective survey of a clinical database (January 2004 to January 2005) of quantitative cell counts from sputum selected from ...
Stanat Scott J C - - 2011
Postoperative squeaking in ceramic-on-ceramic total hip arthroplasty is a recently emerging phenomenon. We performed a meta-analysis of published data to examine patient and procedural risk factors. Twelve studies (6137 patients, total) were analyzed, with 150 patients (2.4%) complaining of squeaking. The only significant patient risk factor was increasing body mass ...
Choe Eun Kyung - - 2011
There are subsets of chronic constipation patients showing features of colonic pseudo-obstruction (CPO) with distinct transitional zone (TZ). We intended to analyze the clinicopathologic characteristics and surgical outcomes of these patients. Twenty-five consecutive patients who underwent surgery for constipation over the 9-year period were analyzed. TZ (+) group was defined ...
Fuchs Petra Nola - - 2011
Literature data indicates that measurement of certain salivary constituents might serve as a useful diagnostic/prognostic tool in the patients with oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). In 24 patients with OSCC (60 +/- 2.5 yrs) and in 24 controls (24 +/- 3.7 yrs) we have determined levels of salivary magnesium, calcium, ...
Dorta-Contreras Alberto J - - 2011
Meningitis caused by Angiostrongylus cantonensis has recently been reported in patients resulting from the first outbreaks in subtropical regions of Ecuador. Eight young adult patients from the two outbreaks were studied. IgA, IgM, IgG and albumin in cerebrospinal fluid and serum were quantified and plotted in cerebrospinal fluid/serum quotient diagrams ...
Zhang Hong - - 2011
Stroke is the number one cause of death in China. Although the effective management has reduced the mortality and lengthened survival, little attention has been paid to nutritional issues in patients with stroke in China. This study aimed to assess the premorbid nutrition status in dying patients with acute cerebral ...
Okano Keiichi - - 2011
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: A consistent predictor for pancreatic fistula (PF) development in the early period after pancreatic resection is still lacking. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 54 consecutive patients undergoing pancreatic resection were enrolled between June 2007 and April 2010. Pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) and distal pancreatectomy (DP) were performed in 38 and ...
Balasa M - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: Early-onset Alzheimer disease (EOAD) diagnosis often represents a challenge because of the high frequency of atypical presentations. Our aim was to describe the clinical features, APOE genotype, and its pathologic correlations of neuropathologic confirmed EOAD. METHODS: Retrospective review of clinical data (age at onset, family history, clinical presentation, diagnostic ...
Kunkel D - - 2011
Background  Short bowel syndrome (SBS) is a serious clinical disorder characterized by diarrhea and nutritional deprivation. Glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) is a key hormone, produced by L-cells in the ileum, that regulates proximal gut transit. When extensive ileal resection occurrs, as in SBS, GLP-1 levels may be deficient. In this study, ...
Cohen Jacob T - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: To assess the accuracy of the swallowing disturbance questionnaire (SDQ) that had originally been designed and validated for detecting swallowing problems among patients with Parkinson's disease and was now applied for identifying patients with dysphagia associated with various other etiologies. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective. METHODS: One-hundred patients with the complaint ...
May A - - 2011
Vascular malformations are the most common sources of bleeding in the small bowel. They can be treated with argon plasma coagulation (APC) during double-balloon enteroscopy (DBE). This study aimed to evaluate the long-term follow-up of the effectiveness of APC for small-bowel bleeding by means of a single-center retrospective study. Between ...
Karoui Sami - - 2011
Background: Small-bowel videocapsule endoscopy (VCE) is a new technique in evaluation of intestinal involvement in several pathologies. Crohn's disease affects principally terminal ileum. Small bowel involvement in Crohn's disease is not well estimated by endoscopic and radiologic conventional techniques. Aims: To evaluate the performances of VCE in detection of asymptomatic ...
Simon Karen M - - 2011
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is a progressive disease that reduces functional capacity, deteriorating the ability to perform activities of daily living (ADL). A close relationship between morbidity and mortality with functional limitation is observed in patients with COPD. To determine if there is a relationship between ADL limitation and ...
Nylund Cade M - - 2011
Alterations in intestinal permeability have been implicated in the pathogenesis of Crohn disease (CD). We have reported that granulocyte macrophage-colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) is required for mucosal barrier function in mice, and elevated neutralizing GM-CSF autoantibodies (Ab) are associated with stricturing ileal disease and surgery in patients with CD. We hypothesized ...
Ramakrishnan Vijay R - - 2011
The Keros classification scheme has been used to describe the ethmoid skull-base configuration; however, this scheme only partially addresses key anatomic issues in ethmoid skull-base injury avoidance during surgery. Coronal computed tomography (CT) scans were reviewed for 200 patients undergoing sinus evaluation at a tertiary care institution. Keros classification, maxillary ...
Halczy-Kowalik Ludmiła - - 2012
Repeatable epiglottic movement patterns were recorded during a videofluoroscopic swallow evaluation of 95 patients who had undergone a total or partial glossectomy due to a neoplasm. Because no epiglottic function assessment was performed preoperatively, for the purpose of this study it was assumed that epiglottic mobility was "normal" during this ...
Fynne L - - 2011
Fynne L, Worsøe J, Gregersen T, Schlageter V, Laurberg S, Krogh K. Gastric and small intestinal dysfunction in spinal cord injury patients. Acta Neurol Scand: DOI: 10.1111/j.1600-0404.2011.01508.x. © 2011 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Background -  Many patients with spinal cord injury (SCI) suffer from constipation, abdominal pain, nausea, or bloating, ...
Bredolo F - - 2011
PURPOSE: This study was done to assess the prevalence and clinical impact of non-hepatodiaphragmatic interpositions in a sample of adult patients undergoing computed tomography (CT) for a variety of medical reasons. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From November 2008 to April 2009, two observers jointly examined the cases of intestinal interposition in ...
Pruna Lelia - - 2011
Introduction: In this study we determined regional body composition in myotonic dystrophy (DM1) and able-bodied controls and evaluated the relationship between fat and lean tissue mass and functional impairment in DM1 patients. Methods: Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) was used to obtain regional measurements of fat-free mass index (FFMI) and fat ...
Choung R S - - 2011
Background  There has been increasing interest in small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO) after reports of a link with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), yet our understanding of this entity is limited. Aim  Our aim was to estimate the yield of patients undergoing duodenal aspirate culture, and to identify symptoms and features ...
Piton Gaël - - 2011
INTRODUCTION: Small bowel functions are more complex than colon functions, and short bowel conditions are associated with increased mortality. Gastrointestinal dysfunction in critically ill patients is common, probably underestimated, and associated with a poor prognosis. However, a validated definition of acute intestinal failure is lacking, in absence of a marker ...
Maheshwari Monika - - 2011
Electrocardiogram of total 35 patients of chronic severe anaemia with haemoglobin value < or = 5 g/dl was analysed and compared with same number of age and sex matched healthy subjects. Diminished QRS voltages in all limbs and precordial leads were the dominant finding, found in 100% patients. Compensatory hyperdynamic ...
Verdu Elena F - - 2011
Functional gastrointestinal disorders are the most common gastroenterological problem in our society. Changes in gut function, including pain perception, motility, and intestinal permeability, and low-grade inflammation have been described in patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). The triggering factors for the described immunity and gut functional changes in patients with ...
Canbaz Pelin - - 2011
Nasal eosinophils may be indicative of bronchial hyperresponsiveness (BHR) in rhinitis concerning the "united airways disease" theory. This study was designed to evaluate the relationship between nasal eosinophilia and BHR in persistent perennial rhinitis patients. Thirty-seven patients (12 males and 25 females, mean age: 33.3 ± 10.4 years) were included ...
Kang Seung Suk - - 2011
Although errant saccadic eye movements may mark genetic factors in schizophrenia, little is known about abnormal brain activity that precedes saccades in individuals with genetic liability for schizophrenia. We investigated electrophysiological activity preceding prosaccades and antisaccades in schizophrenia patients, first-degree biological relatives of schizophrenia patients, and control subjects. Prior to ...
Anchlia Sonal - - 2011
Cleft lip and palate (CL and P) represents the second most frequently occurring congenital deformity after clubfoot deformity. CL and P could be associated with many other structural abnormalities of the adjacent vital structures of the face. In this study, an attempt was made to identify the abnormalities of the ...
Rimbaş Mihai - - 2011
To investigate the small bowel of seronegative spondyloarthropathy (SpA) patients in order to ascertain the presence of mucosal lesions. Between January 2008 and June 2010, 54 consecutive patients were enrolled and submitted to a video capsule endoscopy (VCE) examination. History and demographic data were taken, as well as the history ...
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