Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 1281
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Weber Thomas - - 2007
BACKGROUND: In general, pulse pressure (PP), augmentation index (AIx), and pulse wave velocity (PWV) are directly and positively associated with cardiovascular risk. However, in patients with systolic heart failure, the opposite (ie, an association between a lower PP and a worse outcome) has been reported as well. METHODS AND RESULTS: ...
Herweg Bengt - - 2007
Although cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) is beneficial in patients with drug-refractory New York Heart Association (NYHA) class III/IV heart failure (HF) and left ventricular (LV) dyssynchrony, CRT efficacy is not well established in patients with more advanced HF on inotropic support. Ten patients (age 55 +/- 13 years) with inotrope-dependent ...
John J B - - 2007
We document the presentation profiles, treatment strategies, and clinical outcomes in a relatively large cohort of pediatric patients with intracardiac thrombi (ICT). We performed a retrospective review of patients diagnosed with ICT by echocardiography at a tertiary pediatric hospital during a 10-year period. These patients received medical therapy or thrombectomy. ...
Sadick Norman - - 2007
This study reviews the clinical and echocardiographic findings in a cohort of Fabry patients (n=12) and compares echocardiographic findings to normal controls. Almost all patients had extracardiac manifestations. Five out of 12 patients had cardiovascular symptoms. Nine out of 12 patients had left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) on the electrocardiogram (ECG) ...
Park Jae-Hyeong - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Assessment of right ventricular (RV) systolic function remains difficult because of the RV's complex shape. We aimed to evaluate RV systolic function with strain analysis in patients with acute pulmonary thromboembolism (PTE). PATIENTS AND METHODS: From March 2005 to June 2006, 28 consecutive patients with acute PTE were included ...
Oh Stacie H - - 2007
Severe chronic mitral regurgitation (MR) is associated with progressive left ventricular (LV) systolic dysfunction. Both afterload reduction and beta-adrenergic blockade have been suggested as methods for preventing LV dysfunction in asymptomatic patients with MR and normal LV function, who are therefore not yet candidates for surgical intervention. The objective of ...
Kasama Shu - - 2007
It has been reported that carvedilol improves cardiac sympathetic nerve activity (CSNA) in patients with dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM). However, the influence of carvedilol on cardiac (123)I-meta-iodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) scintigraphic findings and left ventricular (LV) remodelling has not been determined in DCM patients. In 30 patients with DCM and 10 normal controls, ...
Paraskevaidis Ioannis A - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Several indices have been proposed in order to better evaluate chronic mitral regurgitation, however, none of them is unique, thus underlying the diagnostic deficiency. We aimed to investigate the role of long axis contraction in both ventricles in patients with non-ischemic asymptomatic mitral regurgitation (MR). METHODS: Eighty-nine patients (40 ...
Otto Maria E - - 2007
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and obesity have been linked to systolic and diastolic dysfunction of the left ventricle. Right ventricular function is poorly understood in the 2 clinical conditions. Data from this study show that otherwise healthy obese patients with OSA had increased an left atrial volume index compared with ...
Bogun Frank - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Idiopathic premature ventricular complexes (PVCs) usually are considered benign, even when frequent. However, case reports have demonstrated a possible link between frequent PVCs and left ventricular (LV) dysfunction. In addition, frequent PVCs recently were demonstrated to be associated with increased LV dimensions and cardiomyopathy. METHODS: Among 60 consecutive patients ...
Mirabel Mariana - - 2007
AIM: To identify the proportion and characteristics of patients with severe symptomatic mitral regurgitation (MR) who are denied surgery. METHODS AND RESULTS: In the Euro Heart Survey on valvular heart disease, 396 patients had severe symptomatic MR as assessed by Doppler-echocardiography (grade > or =3/4) and New York Heart Association ...
Burgess Malcolm I - - 2007
Real-time three-dimensional echocardiography (RT3DE) is an alternative modality to tissue Doppler imaging (TDI) for assessment of intraventricular dyssynchrony but its role is yet to be defined. To (1) compare RT3DE and TDI for assessment of intraventricular dyssynchrony; (2) determine whether the two techniques agreed regarding the magnitude of dyssynchrony and ...
Rigo Fausto - - 2007
The aim of this study was to evaluate the prognostic value of Doppler echocardiographically derived coronary flow reserve (CFR) in assessing inotropic response in patients with idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy (IDC). One hundred thirty-two patients with IDC (90 men; mean age 62 +/- 11 years) were evaluated by transthoracic dipyridamole (0.84 ...
Patrianakos Alexandros P - - 2007
AIM: We examined the relationship between proximal aortic stiffness and left ventricular (LV) diastolic function in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). PATIENTS AND METHODS: We studied 99 patients with ESRD with preserved LV ejection fraction greater than 50% and 83 controls. We assessed the aorta stiffness by measuring the ...
Nichols Kenneth J - - 2007
While left ventricular (LV) function is assessed routinely for heart disease, right ventricular (RV) assessment has attracted relatively little attention due to technical difficulties, even though RV function plays an important role in determining prognosis. This issue of the Communications includes a report that a SPECT ERNA algorithm applied to ...
Caresia-Aróztegui Ana P - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The long-term prognosis of patients with tetralogy of Fallot (TF) who have undergone repair is determined by right ventricular dilatation resulting from residual pulmonary insufficiency. We have studied the values of right and left ventricle systolic function obtained by gated single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) equilibrium radionuclide angiography ...
Whalley Gillian A - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Doppler echocardiographic assessment of diastolic filling provides a non-invasive estimate of left ventricular (LV) filling pressure and the most advanced diastolic filling grade, the restrictive filling pattern (RFP), has been linked to prognosis in patients post acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and with heart failure (HF). There remains ...
Bauters Christophe - - 2007
AIMS: Stress hyperglycaemia (SH) is associated with adverse outcome in patients with acute myocardial infarction (MI) but the mechanisms underlying this association are unknown. Our hypothesis was that SH on admission for acute MI may be associated with left ventricular (LV) remodelling. METHODS AND RESULTS: We analysed LV remodelling in ...
Ruan Qinyun - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Tissue Doppler (TD) echocardiographic imaging of mitral and tricuspid annulus has been applied to assess right ventricular (RV) and left ventricular (LV) function in many cardiac diseases, but its clinical application, including response to long-term targeted therapy in patients with idiopathic pulmonary hypertension (PH), has not been addressed. METHODS: ...
Afshinnia Farsad - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The objective is to define the relationship between cardiac geometry and renal function in hypertensive subjects with and without diastolic heart failure (DHF). METHODS: This is a prospective observational study in a tertiary-care teaching institute in a 15-month period of consecutive hospitalized hypertensive patients. Patients on dialysis therapy or ...
de Groote P - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: There is increasing concern about heart and pulmonary vascular involvement in systemic sclerosis (SSc). One of the most severe complications of SSc is pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). There has been an increased awareness of left ventricular (LV) diastolic abnormalities in SSc patients. However, previous studies have generally been conducted ...
Fazio Giovanni - - 2007
The Tissue doppler analysis is a new echocardiographic approach to evaluate the diastolic function. In this report we performed a Tissue doppler analysis in a series of 15 children affected by non-compaction. The bidimensional echo-cardiogram showed a systolic function which was reduced only in 8 patients. Alterations of the diastolic ...
Persson Hans - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: We tested the hypothesis that diastolic dysfunction (DD) was an important predictor of cardiovascular (CV) death or heart failure (HF) hospitalization in a subset of patients (ejection fraction [EF] >40%) in the CHARM-Preserved study. BACKGROUND: More than 40% of hospitalized patients with HF have preserved systolic function (HF-PSF), suggesting ...
Hörer Jürgen - - 2007
BACKGROUND: In patients with discordant atrioventricular and ventriculoarterial connections, anatomic repair restores the morphologically left ventricle to its role in supporting the systemic circulation. In this study, we have evaluated the outcomes in the intermediate term for this complex surgical procedure. METHODS: Between December 1984 and October 2003, 4 patients ...
Doughan Abdul Rahman K - - 2007
This study evaluated the effects of beta blockers (carvedilol and metoprolol XL) on New York Heart Association functional class and systemic right ventricular (RV) function in patients with complete transposition of the great arteries who had systemic RV dysfunction late after atrial inflow correction. A significant improvement in New York ...
Can Ilknur - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Atrial conduction abnormalities in patients with scleroderma have not been evaluated in terms of P wave duration, P wave dispersion (P(d)) and electromechanical coupling measured by tissue Doppler echocardiography. METHODS: Twenty-four patients with scleroderma and 24 control subjects underwent resting electrocardiogram (ECG), M mode and tissue Doppler echocardiography. The ...
Badano Luigi P - - 2007
AIMS: We sought to define the reference values of intra-left ventricular (LV) electromechanical delay (EMD), and to assess the prevalence (and pattern) of intra-LV dyssynchrony in patients with heart failure (HF) and normal QRS and in patients with right and left bundle branch block. METHODS AND RESULTS: We used tissue ...
de Almeida Edgar A F - - 2007
BACKGROUND: This study evaluates the prevalence of diastolic dysfunction (DD) in several stages of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in patients with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD). METHODS: 107 ADPKD patients performed echocardiographic and Doppler studies and a tissue Doppler imaging (TDI) study. Patients were divided in three groups: group ...
Akgül Ferit - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Our aim is to determine comorbidities associated with pulmonary hypertension (PHT) in clinically stable sickle-cell disease (SCD) patients and to evaluate left ventricular (LV) and right ventricular (RV) function in those patients. METHODS: Echocardiography was performed in 87 SCD patients that were divided into group I (without PHT) and ...
Romano Minna M D - - 2007
Double-chambered right ventricle is a rare congenital disease frequently misdiagnosed in the adult patient. An anomalous muscle band divides the right ventricle in two cavities causing variable degree of obstruction. Although echocardiography is considered a useful method for the diagnosis of this pathology in children, it has been recognized the ...
Perens Gregory - - 2007
The treatment of pediatric acute myocarditis that is hemodynamically significant often includes immune modulation with intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) and steroids, and supportive measures. In this population, published outcomes include recovery of ventricular function from 6 months to years, transplantation, or death. We studied the effect of the immunosuppressive agent muronomab-CD3 ...
van der Land Vroni - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The effect of a left bundle branch block (LBBB) on cardiac function and remodeling in patients at different stages of heart failure (HF) is unknown. We used cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) to evaluate the effect of LBBB on left ventricular (LV) remodeling, mechanical dyssynchrony, functional mitral regurgitation (FMR) ...
Vukomanović Vladislav - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Our study focuses on echocardiographic assessment of the right ventricular diastolic function and adaptive right ventricular response to volume overload resulting from pulmonary and tricuspid regurgitation in surgically treated patients with tetralogy of Fallot. METHOD AND RESULTS: We included 60 patients subsequent to surgical correction of tetralogy of Fallot, ...
Stein Phyllis K - - 2007
Patients with systolic heart failure (SHF) often have concomitant diastolic dysfunction (DD). SHF is associated with decreased heart rate variability (HRV), but the impact of degree of DD on HRV in SHF is unclear. HRV was measured in 139 patients, aged 64+/-12 years, 74% male, LVEF 30+/-8%. Patients had stable ...
Bleeker Gabe B - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) in heart failure patients with narrow QRS complex (<120 ms) and evidence of left ventricular (LV) dyssynchrony on tissue Doppler imaging (TDI). BACKGROUND: Cardiac resynchronization therapy is beneficial in selected heart failure patients with ...
Thompson Kerry - - 2006
Left bundle branch block (LBBB) is common in patients with heart failure (HF) and contributes to left ventricular (LV) dysfunction. The abnormal septal motion may alter septal metabolic demand but this has not been well characterized in patients with ischemic cardiomyopathy (ICM) and LV dysfunction. The aim of this study ...
Grotenhuis Heynric B - - 2006
BACKGROUND: This study evaluated the diameters and distensibility of the aortic root as well as the degree of aortic regurgitation (AR) and its effect on left ventricular (LV) function in patients 8.2 +/- 3.1 years after they underwent the Ross procedure, with a comparison of these parameters between patients and ...
Covic Adrian - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Few studies have addressed the description of serial changes in left ventricular mass (LVM) and relevant risk factors. All these studies were initiated before the implementation of EBPG or K/DOQI guidelines. The aims of our study were to prospectively describe trends in left ventricular (LV) structure and function, evaluate ...
Krauss Juan - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To date, few studies have evaluated asymptomatic patients with organic mitral regurgitation (MR). The goal of the present study was to assess the presence of independent predictive factors for progression of symptoms and/or left ventricular dysfunction (SLVSD) in this population. METHODS: We prospectively evaluated 128 consecutive patients (mean age ...
Wang Jianwen - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of systolic and diastolic dyssynchrony in diastolic heart failure (DHF) patients and identify the effects of medical therapy. BACKGROUND: The prevalence of systolic and diastolic dyssynchrony in DHF patients is unknown with no data on the effects of medical ...
Friedman Howard S - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Contrary to intuitive expectations and dissimilar from that which occurs in the atria, left ventricular (LV) depolarization and repolarization proceed in opposite directions, creating a concordance of the spatial QRS complex and T-wave angles (QRS-T). By defining the determinants of QRS-T, it might be possible to distinguish a primary ...
Latado Adriana Lopes - - 2006
Patients with symptomatic heart failure (HF) frequently have preserved left ventricular (LV) ejection fractions (LVEFs). Although anemia is a common finding in this patient population, its prognostic role has not been well studied. This study's aim was to assess if the LVEF interferes in the association between anemia and in-hospital ...
Korosoglou Grigorios - - 2006
Left ventricular electromechanical asynchrony has been shown to predict cardiac events in patients with heart failure. This study investigated whether left ventricular asynchrony is present in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) with no clinically evident heart disease and normal QRS durations. Asynchrony was evaluated in 24 patients with ...
Ghanima W - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: Our aim was to study the association between the level of D-dimer and the severity of pulmonary embolism (PE) as determined by various biochemical and radiological prognostic markers in order to investigate the potential value of D-dimer as a prognostic marker for the severity of PE. PATIENTS AND METHODS: ...
Lavie Carl J - - 2006
Numerous studies have indicated that left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy predicts morbidity and mortality, including studies in older patients. The prognostic impact of other LV geometric patterns, including concentric remodeling (CR), compared with LV hypertrophy has not been studied in a large cohort of older patients. Echocardiographic and clinical data were ...
Roy Patrick - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Recommendations for the management of left ventricular (LV) systolic dysfunction in the general population and patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) include the use of angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors and beta-blockers. Limited data from the literature suggest that these pharmacological agents may be underused in patients with ESRD. The ...
Yavuz Bunyamin - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: Subclinical cardiac involvement may occur in patients with Behçet's disease (BD). The purpose of our study was to assess the noninvasive parameters of biventricular function derived from Doppler tissue imaging (DTI) of the tricuspid and mitral annular motion in BD. METHODS: Twenty-one patients with BD and 20 control subjects ...
Haghi Dariusch - - 2006
AIMS: The aim of our study is to assess the incidence and clinical significance of right ventricular (RV) involvement in Takotsubo cardiomyopathy (TTC). METHODS AND RESULTS: Between February 2002 and December 2005, 47 patients with TTC underwent cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) at our institutions. 13 patients with delayed initial CMR ...
Ramakrishna Gautam - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Some studies suggested that the poststress left ventricle ejection fraction (LV EF) is lower than rest LV EF in patients with stress-induced ischemia. METHODS AND RESULTS: By using a 2-day protocol and 30 mCi Tc-99m sestamibi, LV EF, end-systolic volume (ESV), and end-diastolic volume (EDV) were measured with gated ...
Tondo Claudio - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: Congestive heart failure (CHF) and atrial fibrillation (AF) are frequently linked, and when associated produce additive deleterious effects. In this prospective study, the effects of catheter ablation for AF in patients with impaired left ventricular (LV) function are presented. METHODS: Baseline data and clinical outcome have been prospectively collected ...
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