Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 1278
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Takasaki Kunitsugu - - 2009
Ejection fraction (EF) was not considered a reliable parameter of left ventricular (LV) function and was normal in most patients with chronic mitral regurgitation (MR), whereas LV dysfunction expressed as decreased EF was often shown after mitral valve surgery. This study sought the ability of the Tei index to detect ...
Mansencal Nicolas - - 2009
The aim of this study was to characterize left ventricular (LV) systolic function using 2-dimensional strain in Tako-Tsubo cardiomyopathy (TTC). Forty-two women were prospectively studied using 2-dimensional speckle-tracking echocardiography, divided into 3 groups: 14 patients with TTC (group 1), 14 patients with coronary artery disease (group 2), and 14 healthy ...
O'Connor K - - 2010
Benefits of cardiac resynchronisation therapy (CRT) in patients with heart failure (HF) and left bundle branch block (LBBB) have been well established. The presence of asynchronism and viability predicts response to CRT with good accuracy. Viability in the region of the pacing lead as predictor of response to CRT in ...
Mohty Dania - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to evaluate the effect of valve prosthesis-patient mismatch (PPM) on late survival after aortic valve replacement (AVR) and to determine if this effect is modulated by patient age, body mass index (BMI), and pre-operative left ventricular (LV) function. BACKGROUND: We recently reported that PPM is ...
Dénes Mónika - - 2009
The aim of this study was to assess the different stages of diastolic dysfunction (DD) in elderly, asymptomatic, hypertensive patients with preserved systolic function, and to investigate the role of Tissue Doppler imaging (TDI) and Pulmonary venous (PV) flow added to the routine echocardiographic assessment. Patients. 322 patients (age: 70.8+/-9.1 ...
Hirono Keiichi - - 2009
Severe motor and intellectual disabilities (SMID) syndrome is a heterogeneous group of disorders with severe physical disabilities and mental retardation. Higher incidence of sudden death is also known in these patients. However, little is known about the cardiovascular features of patients with SMID. We examine the patients with severe motor ...
Dimitrijevic Zorica - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) is an independent risk factor for morbidity/mortality in patients with end stage renal disease (ESRD). Our study aimed to identify prevalence as well as independent risk factors that contribute to the development of LV geometric remodeling in our HD patients. METHODS: The left ventricles of ...
MacGregor John F - - 2009
The authors measured long-term outcomes of patients who initiated carvedilol between 1990 and 1992 to test the hypothesis that carvedilol produces sustained benefits in heart failure patients. The study population consisted of 57 patients who completed a carvedilol placebo-controlled phase II trial. Patients were given open-label carvedilol and were titrated ...
Hachulla A-L - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To assess the prevalence and patterns of cardiac abnormalities as detected by cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in systemic sclerosis (SSc). METHODS: Fifty-two consecutive patients with SSc underwent cardiac MRI to determine morphological, functional, perfusion at rest and delayed enhancement abnormalities. RESULTS: At least one abnormality on cardiac MRI ...
Potapov Evgenij V - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Implantation of a left ventricular assist device (LVAD) is an established treatment for end-stage heart failure. Right ventricular (RV) dysfunction develops in 20% to 50% of patients after LVAD implantation, leading to prolonged ICU stay and elevated mortality. However, the prediction of RV failure remains difficult. METHODS: The pre-operative ...
Poanta Laura - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Clinical and epidemiological findings indicate that symptomatic heart disease in patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc) predicts poor prognosis, but cardiac involvement may occur years before clinical manifestation. The aim of this study was to evaluate the cardiac function in patients with SSc and to correlate the echocardiographic parameters with ...
Jauvert Gaël - - 2009
AIMS: Surgically (SC) or congenitally corrected (CC) transposition of the great arteries (TGA), associated with a systemic right ventricle (RV), is often complicated by heart failure. This retrospective study assessed the functional and mechanical effects of cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) in patients presenting with TGA. METHODS AND RESULTS: Seven patients ...
Rajagopalan Navin - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Determination of pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR) in patients with suspected or known pulmonary hypertension (PH) requires right heart catheterization. Our purpose was to use Doppler echocardiography to estimate PVR in patients with PH. METHODS: Patient population consisted of 52 patients (53 +/- 12 years; 35 females) who underwent Doppler ...
Marcelino Paulo Alexandre - - 2009
The authors analyzed 704 transthoracic echocardiographic (TTE) examinations, performed routinely to all admitted patients to a general 16-bed Intensive Care Unit (ICU) during an 18-month period. Data acquisition and prevalence of abnormalities of cardiac structures and function were assessed, as well as the new, previously unknown severe diagnoses. A TTE ...
Parsai Chirine - - 2009
AIM: To date, most published echocardiographic methods have assessed left ventricular (LV) dyssynchrony (DYS) alone as a predictor for response to cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT). We hypothesized that the response is instead dictated by multiple correctable factors. METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 161 patients (66 +/- 10 years, EF ...
Engin Aynur - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever (CCHF) is an acute viral hemorrhagic fever with a high mortality rate. Despite increasing knowledge about viral hemorrhagic fevers, the pathogenesis of CCHF and causes of death have not been well described. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the cardiac functions of CCHF patients. METHODS: ...
van Dalen B M - - 2009
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: Left ventricular (LV) twist has an important role in LV function. The influence of the pattern of LV hypertrophy on LV twist in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) patients is unknown. This study sought to assess LV twist in a large group of HCM patients according to the pattern of LV ...
Caldas Monica C - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Sickle-cell anemia (SCA) is associated with elevated cardiac output and cardiomegaly, as demonstrated in many studies. Recently, diastolic dysfunction and pulmonary hypertension have been shown to have poor prognoses in patients with SCA. New indexes of systolic and diastolic evaluation should be used to give more information on both ...
Masugata Hisashi - - 2008
Although left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy and diastolic dysfunction assessed by echocardiography are established risk markers of cardiovascular events in hypertensive patients, relationships between these echocardiographic findings and atherosclerosis have not been fully elucidated. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationships between atherosclerosis of the retinal arteries and ...
Rouzet Francois - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Right ventricular (RV) premature contractions, although generally benign, may represent the first manifestation of arrhythmogenic RV cardiomyopathy. The diagnostic and prognostic value of RV functional abnormalities evidenced by equilibrium radionuclide angiocardiography (ERNA) with multiharmonic Fourier analysis has been validated in patients with severe RV arrhythmias suspected of being affected ...
Kiratli Pinar Ozgen - - 2008
PURPOSE: Myocarditis is an inflammation of the heart muscle and represents a challenge for diagnosis and treatment. On account of the lack of sensitivity and specificity of routine cardiac tests, there is a need for accurate diagnostic imaging. The aim of this study is to review the role of gated ...
Tekin A - - 2009
PURPOSE: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is frequently accompanied by the presence of cardiovascular risk factors. The aim of this study was to determine and compare the echocardiographic profiles of patients with PCOS with those of healthy subjects by using conventional echocardiographic methods and tissue Doppler imaging. METHODS: The study population ...
Bellera M Neus - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The presence of small areas of necrosis has been occasionally reported immediately following apical ballooning syndrome (ABS). However, their persistence at later stages and impact on long-term prognosis are currently unknown. METHODS: Twenty consecutive patients admitted for ABS between 2004 and 2007 were prospectively evaluated. Demographic, clinical, angiographic, and ...
Piccirillo G - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Although sudden death (SD) accounts for numerous cases of premature mortality in patients with cerebral autosomal dominant arteriopathy with subcortical infarcts and leukoencephalopathy (CADASIL), the risk factors responsible for this dramatic event remain unclear. We sought possible differences in the QT variability index (QTVI) -- a well-known ...
Jurcut Ruxandra - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) is an effective treatment in dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM). However, it has been demonstrated that mechanical dyssynchrony is not related to electrical dyssynchrony. We hypothesized that a new QRS width cutoff could be easier to use as a first step in the selection of patients with ...
Morsy Mohamedmofeed F - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To study the effect of splenectomy in patients with thalassemia major on the cardiovascular system through echocardiographic study. METHODS: A prospective, cross sectional study was carried out from December 2006 to December 2007. Patients from the Thalassemia Center in the Maternity and Children's Hospital, Madina, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, ...
Seo Hye-Sun - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Secondary tricuspid regurgitation (TR) as a result of pulmonary hypertension and/or left-sided heart disease is caused by tricuspid valve (TV) annular dilatation and tethering of the tricuspid leaflet after right ventricular (RV) dilatation. However, the mechanism of isolated TR without significant pulmonary hypertension remains unknown. The present study investigated ...
Olivotto Iacopo - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: Our aim was to assess the distribution and clinical significance of left ventricular (LV) mass in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). BACKGROUND: Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is defined echocardiographically by unexplained left ventricular wall thickening. Left ventricular mass, quantifiable by modern cardiovascular magnetic resonance techniques, has not been systematically assessed in ...
Civilibal Mahmut - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular complications are common in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). We aimed to investigate left ventricular (LV) function and carotid intima-media thickness (cIMT) in children and adolescents with ESRD. METHODS: This study included 38 ESRD patients (15 hemodialysis and 23 peritoneal dialysis) and 17 age- and sex-matched healthy ...
Olson Jens M - - 2008
The aim was to study the prognostic value of left ventricular (LV) function using pulse-wave tissue Doppler imaging (TDI) in an ordinary population with heart failure (HF). One hundred fifty-six patients hospitalized for HF and LV ejection fraction < or =40% were examined using conventional echocardiography and pulse-wave TDI for ...
Gerc Vjekoslav - - 2008
The aim of this trial was to examine the effects of antihypertensive fixed combination of lisinopril plus hydrochlorothiazide (Lopril H, Bosnalijek dd, Bosnia and Herzegovina) on regression of left ventricular hypertrophy in patients with essential arterial hypertension. We included 297 patients in our trial, aged 54.65+/-9.6 years, with treated or ...
Sari Ismail - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To investigate systolic and diastolic ventricular functions, aortic elastic properties and the presence of pericardial effusion in familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) patients. METHODS: A case-controlled, cross-sectional study was performed on 44 FMF patients and 27 controls. Subjects with hypertension, diabetes mellitus and hyperlipidemia were excluded. Left and right ventricular ...
- - 2008
The Doppler echocardiographic restrictive mitral filling pattern (RFP) is an important prognostic indicator in patients with heart failure (HF), but the interaction between RFP, left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) and filling pattern remains uncertain. To determine whether the RFP is predictive of mortality independently of LVEF in patients with HF. ...
Suzuki Tomoaki - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: As there are few reports on the clinical results of off-pump coronary artery bypass (OPCAB) in patients with poor left ventricular (LV) function, the safety and efficacy of OPCAB surgery in such patients remains unclear. METHODS: From January 2002 to May 2007, a total of 519 consecutive patients underwent ...
Goland Sorel - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Although an autoimmune mechanism has been postulated for myocarditis and acute-onset inflammatory dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM), immunomodulatory treatment strategies are still under investigation. METHODS AND RESULTS: The clinical data of six patients with acute inflammatory DCM referred for evaluation for possible heart transplantation were reviewed. All patients were admitted with ...
Hayashi Shirley Yumi - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Mechanical left ventricular (LV) dyssynchrony impairs cardiac function in patients with heart failure and LV hypertrophy (LVH) and may be a factor contributing to the high incidence of cardiac deaths in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Objectives. To evaluate the possible presence of LV dyssynchrony in ESRD patients, ...
Sakurabayashi Tai - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Patients on long-term hemodialysis become deficient in carnitine and are frequently treated with carnitine supplementation to offset their renal anemia, lipid abnormality and cardiac dysfunction. The therapeutic value of carnitine supplementation on left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) in patients with normal cardiac systolic function remains uncertain. METHODS AND RESULTS: The ...
Meune Christophe - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence of primary cardiac complications in a large population of patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc), using recently developed echocardiographic techniques. METHODS: We prospectively studied 100 consecutive patients (mean +/- SD age 54 +/- 14 years; 86 women) presenting with SSc without pulmonary arterial hypertension or clinical ...
Nishida Katsufumi - - 2008
Significant systolic improvement and reverse remodeling in dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) are well known, however they have been rarely described among elderly subjects. The authors retrospectively reviewed 86 patients with a diagnosis of DCM seen at a clinic during April-November 2005. The authors found 18 patients with elderly-onset idiopathic DCM (age ...
Kounas Stavros - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: We compared the frequency of a binary endocardial appearance in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) and Anderson-Fabry disease (AFD). BACKGROUND: A recent study suggested that a binary endocardial appearance is a highly sensitive and specific discriminator of AFD from other causes of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). METHODS: Fourteen patients with ...
Kjaergaard Jesper - - 2009
AIMS: Patients suspected of acute pulmonary embolism (PE) frequently undergo echocardiography as a part of the initial work-up. Prognostic implication of routine echocardiography in patients suspected of PE remain to be established. METHODS AND RESULTS: Transthoracic echocardiography, including tissue Doppler imaging, was performed in 283 consecutive patients referred for ventilation/perfusion ...
- - 2008
BACKGROUND: Restrictive mitral filling pattern (RFP), the most severe form of diastolic dysfunction, is a predictor of outcome after acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Low power has precluded a definite conclusion on the independent importance of RFP, especially when overall systolic function is preserved. We undertook an individual patient meta-analysis to ...
Bellavia D - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: It is unknown if some patients with cardiac amyloidosis (CA) have mechanical dyssynchrony, as has been demonstrated in patients with ischaemic and dilated cardiomyopathies. The aim of this study was to assess mechanical dyssynchrony in patients with CA using tissue velocity imaging (TVI) and to define its usefulness for ...
Rasmussen Vibeke Guldbrand - - 2008
AIMS: Ergot-derived dopamine agonists (EDDA) induce fibrotic heart valve disease. We aimed to investigate whether EDDA treatment also affects left ventricular (LV) function. METHODS AND RESULTS: Myocardial function was evaluated in 110 Parkinson patients [mean age (63.4 +/- 9.0 years)] treated for at least 6 months with either EDDA (n ...
Gedik G K - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Iron overload limits the life expectancy of thalassaemic patients by causing cardiac toxicity. Iron also plays a catalytic role in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of (99m)Tc Tetrofosmin gated myocardial perfusion scintigraphy (GMPS) in the detection of cardiac dysfunction in ...
Colao Annamaria - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to investigate whether first-line surgery or somatostatin analogs (SSA) have a different outcome on cardiomyopathy after 12 months. DESIGN: This was a retrospective, comparative, nonrandomized study. PATIENTS: Fifty-six patients treated with SSA and 33 operated on by transsphenoidal approach participated in the study. ...
Chin Kelly M - - 2008
Patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) usually show improvements in symptoms, exercise capacity, and hemodynamics after treatment with approved medical therapies. This study sought to determine whether improvement in right-sided cardiac function measured using cardiac magnetic resonance imaging would also be seen and whether these changes would correlate with improvement ...
Kovacevic-Preradovic T - - 2008
AIMS: Anderson-Fabry disease affects various organ systems due to glycosphingolipid accumulation. Enzyme replacement therapy (ERT) has been reported to decrease left ventricular wall thickening (LVWT) and to improve diastolic dysfunction. METHODS AND RESULTS: This prospective study included 29 patients (patients; mean age 37 +/- 13 years) with genetically, enzymatically and/or ...
Jassal Davinder S - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Although impaired diastolic function is common in aortic stenosis (AS), little is known about the clinical usefulness of tissue Doppler imaging (TDI) to detect diastolic dysfunction in patients with mild to moderate AS. The objective was to describe both conventional and TDI measurements of diastolic function in asymptomatic patients ...
Haghjoo Majid - - 2008
AIMS: The aim of this study was to assess the significance of QRS morphology in determining the prevalence of mechanical dyssynchrony in heart failure (HF) patients considered eligible for cardiac resynchronization. METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 200 consecutive HF patients (158 males, mean age 56 +/- 13.5 years) with ...
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