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Jyotsna Maddury - - 2010
OBJECT: To find out the incidence and importance of segmental wall motion abnormalities (SWMAs) of the left ventricle in noncoronary artery disease (CAD) and nontraumatic subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) patients. METHODS: Nontraumatic SAH patients were evaluated with two-dimensional echocardiogram in addition to detailed clinical and investigative data. In echocardiogram, LV was ...
Wang Angela Yee-Moon - - 2010
Handgrip strength (HGS) is a marker of lean muscle mass. This study aims to test the hypothesis that a low HGS reflects a diseased cardiac status and predicts future risk of circulatory congestion in chronic peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients. Two hundred and eighteen chronic PD patients were prospectively recruited from ...
Hung Ming-Jui - - 2010
Cardiac remodeling has been demonstrated in patients on hemodialysis and in predialysis patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Using functional echocardiographic parameters to study the association of hemodynamic status and predialysis CKD has not yet been established. From November 2007 to September 2008, ninety-six patients (50 men and 46 women) ...
Kontaraki Joanna E - - 2010
To assess cardiac gene expression in peripheral blood cells of patients with idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy (IDCM) and its relationship to echocardiographic left ventricular (LV) function. A complete echocardiographic study and blood sampling were performed in 65 consecutive stable IDCM patients with LV ejection fraction (LVEF) 31.76 +/- 10.07% and chronic ...
Peteiro Jesús - - 2010
Exercise echocardiography (EE) is recommended for patients with known/suspected coronary artery disease (CAD) and electrocardiogram (ECG) abnormalities. Left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) is associated with worse outcome and patients with LVH have frequently resting ECG abnormalities. We sought to assess the value of EE for predicting outcome in patients with known/suspected ...
Di Salvo Giovanni - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The mechanism of sudden death in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is ventricular tachyarrhythmia emanating from myocyte disarray, fibrosis, and inhomogeneity in intramyocardial activation. Tissue synchronization imaging (TSI) allows the measurement of regional delay, while two-dimensional strain can be used to identify myocardial fibrosis. The aim of this study was to ...
Hanna Baher M - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Intraoperative transesophageal echocardiography (IOTEE) is well established as a monitoring tool during ventricular septal defect (VSD) repair to ensure complete closure of the defect. Residual shunts detected by IOTEE are common. The predictive value of IOTEE findings on the long-term course of residual shunts is not well documented, especially ...
Clendenin David J - - 2010
BACKGROUND: We sought to determine the reliability of electrocardiography (ECG) and chest radiography (CXR) in predicting left ventricular (LV) dysfunction in patients with suspected neuromuscular disorders (NMDs) undergoing preanesthetic evaluation for muscle biopsy. METHODS: In this retrospective study, 255 patients with a preliminary diagnosis of NMDs based on history, physical ...
Correa de Sa Daniel D - - 2010
Preclinical diastolic dysfunction (PDD) has been defined as subjects with normal systolic function, diastolic dysfunction but no symptoms of heart failure (HF). The clinical phenotype and natural history of the syndrome remains poorly defined. This study's objective was to determine the clinical phenotype and progression to HF in a group ...
Aljaroudi Wael A - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Left-ventricular (LV) dyssynchrony could be measured by gated SPECT myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI). This study examined the relation between the degree of dyssynchrony and outcome in patients with implantable cardiac defibrillators (ICDs). METHODS AND RESULTS: We studied 70 patients with ICD and LV ejection fraction (EF) <.40 by gated ...
Doumas Alexander - - 2010
The treatment of patients with chronic heart failure and those with asymptomatic left ventricular (LV) dysfunction has focused primarily on patients with LV enlargement and a low ejection fraction (EF). Little attention has been paid to those with a normal chamber size and a low EF. We sought to examine ...
Morales Maria-Aurora - - 2010
Increase in adrenomedullin (ADM) plasma levels in congestive heart failure (HF) patients is due to many cardiac and systemic factors, particularly to greater fluid retention and to activation of sympathetic nervous system. Aim of this study was to assess the role of plasma ADM levels in HF patients treated by ...
Namdar Mehdi - - 2010
Fabry disease (FD) is an X-chromosomal inherited lysosomal storage disease resulting in intracellular storage of globotriaosylceramide. Cardiac involvement is most frequently manifested as left ventricular hypertrophy. However, patients with FD may also have from various conduction abnormalities particularly affecting atrioventricular (AV) conduction. The present study was designed to analyze primarily ...
Lee Sang-Won - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the efficiency of early filling (E) and early diastolic mitral annular velocity (E') ratio (E/E' ratio) assessed by tissue Doppler imaging (TDI) on early detection of diastolic left ventricular (LV) dysfunction in systemic sclerosis (SSc) patients without congestive heart failure (CHF) symptoms. METHODS: Thirty-five Korean SSc patients ...
Turk Rami - - 2010
BACKGROUND: According to American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association guidelines, isolated aortic valve replacement (AVR) is a class III indication for patients with asymptomatic chronic severe aortic regurgitation (AR), left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction (EF) greater than 50%, LV end-diastolic dimension less than 70 mm, and LV end-systolic dimension less ...
Lipoldova Jolana - - 2010
BACKGROUND: A number of trials have demonstrated the effect of cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) on functional improvement and reversed left ventricle remodeling. Meeting contemporary guidelines approximately 30- 40% of patients do not respond to CRT (non-responders). AIM: To quantify the predictive ability of basal QRS width and basal echocardiographic parameters ...
Vidal Bàrbara - - 2010
We hypothesized that a very advanced stage of dilated cardiomyopathy is associated with lower response to cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT). A consecutive cohort of 147 patients was studied before device implantation and at 12 months follow-up. All patients were in NYHA functional class III-IV and had left-ventricular (LV) systolic dysfunction ...
Biolo Andreia - - 2010
Adiponectin, an adipocytokine, is secreted by adipocytes and mediates antihypertrophic and anti-inflammatory effects in the heart. Plasma concentrations of adiponectin are decreased in the presence of obesity, insulin resistance, and obesity-associated conditions such as hypertension and coronary heart disease. However, a paradoxical increase in adiponectin levels is observed in human ...
Mansencal Nicolas - - 2010
The aim of this study was to evaluate the prognostic value of tissue Doppler imaging (TDI) in carcinoid heart disease (CHD). We prospectively enrolled 56 consecutive patients with proved digestive endocrine tumor and carcinoid syndrome. All patients underwent serial conventional, contrast, and TDI echocardiographic studies. The end point was all-cause ...
Chung Eugene S - - 2010
Cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) is currently limited to those with left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) < or =35%. To evaluate whether patients with LVEF >35% might benefit from CRT, we performed a retrospective analysis of the predictors of response to CRT (PROSPECT) database. PROSPECT was a prospective, multicentre study that ...
Oyenuga Olusegun - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: To test the hypothesis that echocardiographic dyssynchrony may assist in the selection of patients with borderline QRS duration for cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT). BACKGROUND: Although echocardiographic dyssynchrony is currently not recommended to select patients with QRS duration widening for CRT, its utility in patients with borderline QRS widening is ...
Bogazzi F - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy is the main finding of patients with active acromegaly at cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR). The aim of the study was to evaluate heart changes in acromegalic patients treated with somatostatin analogues (SMSA) using CMR. DESIGN AND PATIENTS: This was a prospective study. Fourteen consecutive patients ...
Mar?chaux S - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Functional mitral regurgitation (FMR) may occur in patients with reduced or preserved left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) and has been associated with excess valvular tenting only in patients with reduced LVEF. This study aimed at identifying the predictors of FMR and to determine whether or not they are different ...
Li Yuman - - 2010
Quantification of right ventricular (RV) volume and function remains a challenge because of RV complex geometry by conventional echocardiography. The purpose of this study was to assess RV global longitudinal function in patients with tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) by 2-dimensional ultrasound speckle tracking imaging (STI). Thirty-eight patients with TOF were ...
Yaqub Yasir - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Tako-tsubo syndrome is a transient cardiomyopathy usually precipitated by an acute emotional or physiological stress. Our study objectives were to review and analyze the impact of emotional stress on clinical variables, echocardiographic characteristics, and short-term outcomes in patients with tako-tsubo syndrome. METHODS: Retrospective chart review. RESULTS: Eleven patients presented ...
Mansencal Nicolas - - 2010
Several patterns of Tako-Tsubo cardiomyopathy (TTC) have been described recently. To assess the prevalence and characteristics of an apical-sparing variant of TTC. This study included consecutive patients admitted to our catheterization laboratory for suspected acute coronary syndrome (ACS). All patients underwent coronary and left ventricular angiography systematically if no significant ...
El-Agroudy Amgad E - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Inflammation has been associated with atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (CVD) and anemia in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) which may lead to left ventricular impairment via myocardial hypertrophy and/or ischemia. We therefore sought to investigate serum levels of sFas in uremic patients and its correlation with known markers of ...
Wedewardt Juliane - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Cheyne-Stokes respiration (CSR) is common in patients with congestive heart failure (CHF) and is associated with poor prognosis. The aim of this study was to analyse the characteristics of CSR in patients with varying degrees of impaired left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF). METHODS: A total of 104 patients with ...
Caille Vincent - - 2010
To evaluate the ability of transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) to detect the effects of spontaneous breathing trial (SBT) on central hemodynamics and to identify indices predictive of cardiac-related weaning failure. TTE was performed just before and at the end of a 30-min SBT in 117 patients fulfilling weaning criteria. Maximal velocities ...
Yilmaz Rahmi - - 2010
Left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) and atherosclerosis are frequently observed in uremic patients and they have appeared as an independent predictor of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. The aim of this study was to compare the effects of ramipril and amlodipine on left ventricular mass index (LVMI) and carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) ...
Niaki Esfandiar Akhavan - - 2010
Mouth breathing might not always result in hypoxia, but can contribute to it. The aim of the present study was to determine the effect of mouth breathing on hypoxia. Based on a pilot study, 323 patients with mouth breathing were selected. Assessment of mouth breathing was based on clinical examination ...
Kaandorp T A M - - 2010
BACKGROUND: To assess the relationship between improved regional and global myocardial function in patients with ischemic cardiomyopathy in response to beta-blocker therapy or revascularization. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) was performed in 32 patients with ischemic cardiomyopathy before and 8 +/- 2 months after therapy. Patients were assigned ...
Bastos Claudilson J C - - 2010
Outbreaks of orally transmitted Trypanosoma cruzi continue to be reported in Brazil and are associated with a high mortality rate, mainly due to myocarditis. This study is a detailed report on the disease progression of acute Chagas disease in 13 patients who were infected during two micro-outbreaks in two northeastern ...
Previtali Mario - - 2010
Dynamic intraventricular obstruction has been observed in patients with left ventricular ballooning syndrome (LVBS) and has been hypothesized as a possible mechanism of the syndrome. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence and significance of dynamic intraventricular obstruction in patients with LVBS. Dobutamine stress echocardiography was carried ...
Garadah Taysir S - - 2010
Doppler echocardiographic studies in patients with beta-Thalassemia Major (beta-TM) had shown different patterns of left ventricle (LV) systolic and diastolic dysfunctions. This cross-sectional study was designed to study the LV systolic and diastolic function in patients with beta-TM using Pulsed Doppler (PD) Echocardiogram and assess the QTc interval and QT ...
Cioffi Giovanni - - 2010
Left atrial (LA) systolic force (LASF) is significantly increased in chronic heart failure (CHF), arterial hypertension (HT) and aortic stenosis (AS). The increase is proportional to the degree of left ventricular hypertrophy and diastolic dysfunction. To assess the magnitude of changes in maximal LA volume (LAV(max)) and LASF in systolic ...
Allanore Y - - 2010
To measure the prevalence of, and factors associated with, left ventricular (LV) dysfunction in systemic sclerosis (SSc). The EUSTAR database was first searched. A case-control study of a patient subset was then performed to further identify independent factors associated with LV dysfunction by simple and multiple regression. Of 7073 patients, ...
Soufflet Veerle - - 2010
The number of adolescents and young adults with congenital heart defects, including ventricular septal defect (VSD), increases continuously. We evaluated the mid-term outcome of small and unclosed perimembranous VSDs (pmVSDs). All patients with a known unrepaired pmVSD at 16 years of age were selected from our database. The clinical, electrocardiographic, ...
Goda Ayumi - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Several hospital-based investigations have reported that a high proportion of patients with heart failure (HF) have preserved left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF). The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence, prognosis, and predictors for mortality of Japanese HF patients with preserved versus reduced LVEF in a prospective ...
Stipac Alja Vlahović - - 2010
AIMS: To determine prognostic significance of global left ventricular (LV) contractile reserve, defined by dobutamine-induced changes of Tei index (Delta Tei), in patients with dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM). METHODS AND RESULTS: Thirty-eight patients with idiopathic DCM underwent high-dose (up to 40 microg/kg/min) dobutamine stress echocardiography. Prognostic value of different indices of ...
Lipiec Piotr - - 2010
The authors present a 45-year-old female patient with symptoms of chronic right ventricular failure, which were interpreted by the patient as signs of pregnancy. Sudden deterioration of clinical status, which occurred after 8 months, prompted the patient to consult a physician. Transthoracic echocardiographic examination disclosed a massive saddle pulmonary embolism ...
Ergene Oktay - - 2011
In this article we report an unusual case of dextrocardia patient with perimembranous ventricular septal defect (VSD) whose defect is closed by percutaneous method with Amplatzer Duct Occluder-II device. To our best knowledge, this was the first time this device has been used to close a membranous defect in a ...
Grapsa Julia - - 2010
Right ventricular (RV) mass and volume calculations are important correlates of survival in patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). We tested the hypothesis that RV mass, volumes and function could be measured accurately with real-time three-dimensional echocardiography (3DE) in patients with PAH and compared those against cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR). ...
Aljaroudi Wael - - 2010
Regadenoson is a selective A(2A) receptor agonist that was recently approved by the Food and Drug Administration for vasodilator stress myocardial perfusion imaging. Because the drug is cleared by renal excretion, its safety in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) needs to be determined. We studied 277 consecutive patients with ...
Goel Sumina - - 2009
On the basis of previously unpublished observations, we hypothesized that prolonged use of proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) causes an increase in (99m)Tc-sestamibi uptake in the stomach wall, manifested as curvilinear activity surrounding the photopenic fundus of the stomach cavity. We prospectively evaluated the frequency of stomach wall uptake in patients ...
Sakurai Yasuhisa - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To determine the features of alexia or agraphia with a left angular or supramarginal gyrus lesion. METHODS: We assessed the reading and writing abilities of three patients using kanji (Japanese morphograms) and kana (Japanese syllabograms). RESULTS: Patient 1 showed kana alexia and kanji agraphia following a hemorrhage in the ...
Jiang Rong-San - - 2009
Olfactory bulb (OB) volume has been shown to be an indicator of olfactory function. However, few studies have been done in Asia to investigate the influence of different disorders on OB volume. Data from patients with posttraumatic anosmia were collected in our department. Their olfactory thresholds were assessed by the ...
Siebelink Hans-Marc J - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: Conventional echocardiography is often inconclusive for the presence or the absence of left ventricular (LV) thrombus. Contrast echocardiography could have additional diagnostic and therapeutic significance. This analysis investigated the value of contrast echocardiography for LV thrombus detection in patients postinfarction and the impact on choice of antithrombotic therapy. METHODS: ...
Tabereaux Paul B - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: Patients with left ventricular dysfunction (LVD) and LV dyssynchrony may respond to cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT). However, right ventricular dysfunction (RVD) is a predictor of decreased survival in patients with LVD, and its influence on clinical response to CRT is unknown. The purpose of this study was to examine ...
Becattini Cecilia - - 2010
The clinical benefit of thrombolytic treatment over heparin in patients with pulmonary embolism without hemodynamic compromise remains controversial. In these patients bolus tenecteplase has the potential to provide an effective and safe thrombolysis. We evaluated the effect of tenecteplase on right ventricle dysfunction (RVD) assessed by echocardiography in hemodynamically stable ...
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