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Spiewak Mateusz - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular magnetic resonance enables accurate and reproducible assessment of left ventricular (LV) dimensions and function, free of geometric assumptions and limitations related to an inadequate acoustic window. In patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM), LV mass (LVM) and maximal LV wall thickness (MLVWT) have prognostic significance. AIM: To compare MLVWT ...
van Bommel R J - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: Current guidelines recommend cardiac resynchronisation therapy (CRT) in patients with severe symptomatic heart failure, depressed left ventricular (LV) systolic function and a wide QRS complex (>or=120 ms). However, patients with heart failure having a narrow QRS complex might also benefit from CRT. DESIGN SETTING PATIENTS INTERVENTIONS: During the Predictors ...
Karaye K M - - 2010
Right ventricular (RV) systolic function in patients with hypertensive heart disease (HHD) is not well characterised. The primary aim of this study was to assess the systolic function of the right ventricle in patients with HHD using tricuspid annular-plane systolic excursion (TAPSE). The study was cross-sectional in design and carried ...
Meris Alessandra - - 2010
The aim of this study was to evaluate the timing and magnitude of global and regional right ventricular (RV) function by means of speckle tracking-derived strain in normal subjects and patients with RV dysfunction. Peak longitudinal systolic strain (PLSS) and time to PLSS in 6 RV segments (the basal, mid, ...
Shah Ravi V - - 2010
To determine the relationship between galectin-3 concentrations and cardiac structure in patients with acute dyspnoea, and to evaluate the impact of galectin-3 independent of echocardiographic measurements on long-term mortality. One hundred and fifteen patients presenting to the emergency department with acute dyspnoea who had galectin-3 levels and detailed echocardiographic studies ...
Al-Faleh Hussam F - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To explore the diagnostic yield of transthoracic echocardiography (TTE), and assess the effect of echocardiographic findings on subsequent therapy. METHODS: In this retrospective study, we reviewed TTE reports and hospital records of patients diagnosed with a stroke or transient ischemic attack (TIA), screening for potential cardiac sources of embolism ...
Kim Byoung-Gu - - 2010
Chronic subdural hematomas (CSDH) are more common on the left hemisphere than on the right. We verified this left predilection of CSDH and tried to explain the reason for this discrepancy. We investigated the laterality of CSDH in 182 patients who were treated from January 2005 to December 2009. We ...
Tanaka Hidekazu - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: The goals of this study were to compare patterns of mechanical activation in patients with chronic right ventricular (RV) pacing with those with left bundle branch block (LBBB) using 2-dimensional and novel 3-dimensional speckle tracking, and to compare ejection fraction (EF) response and long-term survival after cardiac resynchronization therapy ...
Calderón Alberto - - 2010
The objective of this study is to compare the validity of different product duration-based electrocardiographic criteria with the classical voltage criteria and to estimate the prevalence of left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) for each criterion. Electro cardiographic criteria from 248 hypertensive patients attended in daily clinical practice were examined. Cornell and ...
Gonz?lez Arantxa - - 2010
This study was designed to evaluate the association between circulating biomarkers of collagen metabolism and elevated left-sided filling pressures (FPs), as assessed from elevated estimated pulmonary capillary wedge pressure (ePCWP), in hypertensive patients with heart failure with normal ejection fraction. Echocardiography was performed and ePCWP was calculated from the formula ...
Jyotsna Maddury - - 2010
OBJECT: To find out the incidence and importance of segmental wall motion abnormalities (SWMAs) of the left ventricle in noncoronary artery disease (CAD) and nontraumatic subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) patients. METHODS: Nontraumatic SAH patients were evaluated with two-dimensional echocardiogram in addition to detailed clinical and investigative data. In echocardiogram, LV was ...
Wang Angela Yee-Moon - - 2010
Handgrip strength (HGS) is a marker of lean muscle mass. This study aims to test the hypothesis that a low HGS reflects a diseased cardiac status and predicts future risk of circulatory congestion in chronic peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients. Two hundred and eighteen chronic PD patients were prospectively recruited from ...
Hung Ming-Jui - - 2010
Cardiac remodeling has been demonstrated in patients on hemodialysis and in predialysis patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Using functional echocardiographic parameters to study the association of hemodynamic status and predialysis CKD has not yet been established. From November 2007 to September 2008, ninety-six patients (50 men and 46 women) ...
Kontaraki Joanna E - - 2010
To assess cardiac gene expression in peripheral blood cells of patients with idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy (IDCM) and its relationship to echocardiographic left ventricular (LV) function. A complete echocardiographic study and blood sampling were performed in 65 consecutive stable IDCM patients with LV ejection fraction (LVEF) 31.76 +/- 10.07% and chronic ...
Peteiro Jesús - - 2010
Exercise echocardiography (EE) is recommended for patients with known/suspected coronary artery disease (CAD) and electrocardiogram (ECG) abnormalities. Left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) is associated with worse outcome and patients with LVH have frequently resting ECG abnormalities. We sought to assess the value of EE for predicting outcome in patients with known/suspected ...
Di Salvo Giovanni - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The mechanism of sudden death in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is ventricular tachyarrhythmia emanating from myocyte disarray, fibrosis, and inhomogeneity in intramyocardial activation. Tissue synchronization imaging (TSI) allows the measurement of regional delay, while two-dimensional strain can be used to identify myocardial fibrosis. The aim of this study was to ...
Hanna Baher M - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Intraoperative transesophageal echocardiography (IOTEE) is well established as a monitoring tool during ventricular septal defect (VSD) repair to ensure complete closure of the defect. Residual shunts detected by IOTEE are common. The predictive value of IOTEE findings on the long-term course of residual shunts is not well documented, especially ...
Clendenin David J - - 2010
BACKGROUND: We sought to determine the reliability of electrocardiography (ECG) and chest radiography (CXR) in predicting left ventricular (LV) dysfunction in patients with suspected neuromuscular disorders (NMDs) undergoing preanesthetic evaluation for muscle biopsy. METHODS: In this retrospective study, 255 patients with a preliminary diagnosis of NMDs based on history, physical ...
Correa de Sa Daniel D DD Cardiorenal Research Laboratory, Guggenheim 915, Mayo Clinic and Foundation, 200 First St SW, Rochester, MN 55905, - - 2010
Preclinical diastolic dysfunction (PDD) has been defined as subjects with normal systolic function, diastolic dysfunction but no symptoms of heart failure (HF). The clinical phenotype and natural history of the syndrome remains poorly defined. This study's objective was to determine the clinical phenotype and progression to HF in a group ...
Aljaroudi Wael A - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Left-ventricular (LV) dyssynchrony could be measured by gated SPECT myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI). This study examined the relation between the degree of dyssynchrony and outcome in patients with implantable cardiac defibrillators (ICDs). METHODS AND RESULTS: We studied 70 patients with ICD and LV ejection fraction (EF) <.40 by gated ...
Doumas Alexander - - 2010
The treatment of patients with chronic heart failure and those with asymptomatic left ventricular (LV) dysfunction has focused primarily on patients with LV enlargement and a low ejection fraction (EF). Little attention has been paid to those with a normal chamber size and a low EF. We sought to examine ...
Morales Maria-Aurora - - 2010
Increase in adrenomedullin (ADM) plasma levels in congestive heart failure (HF) patients is due to many cardiac and systemic factors, particularly to greater fluid retention and to activation of sympathetic nervous system. Aim of this study was to assess the role of plasma ADM levels in HF patients treated by ...
Namdar Mehdi - - 2010
Fabry disease (FD) is an X-chromosomal inherited lysosomal storage disease resulting in intracellular storage of globotriaosylceramide. Cardiac involvement is most frequently manifested as left ventricular hypertrophy. However, patients with FD may also have from various conduction abnormalities particularly affecting atrioventricular (AV) conduction. The present study was designed to analyze primarily ...
Lee Sang-Won - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the efficiency of early filling (E) and early diastolic mitral annular velocity (E') ratio (E/E' ratio) assessed by tissue Doppler imaging (TDI) on early detection of diastolic left ventricular (LV) dysfunction in systemic sclerosis (SSc) patients without congestive heart failure (CHF) symptoms. METHODS: Thirty-five Korean SSc patients ...
Turk Rami - - 2010
BACKGROUND: According to American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association guidelines, isolated aortic valve replacement (AVR) is a class III indication for patients with asymptomatic chronic severe aortic regurgitation (AR), left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction (EF) greater than 50%, LV end-diastolic dimension less than 70 mm, and LV end-systolic dimension less ...
Lipoldova Jolana - - 2010
BACKGROUND: A number of trials have demonstrated the effect of cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) on functional improvement and reversed left ventricle remodeling. Meeting contemporary guidelines approximately 30- 40% of patients do not respond to CRT (non-responders). AIM: To quantify the predictive ability of basal QRS width and basal echocardiographic parameters ...
Vidal Bàrbara - - 2010
We hypothesized that a very advanced stage of dilated cardiomyopathy is associated with lower response to cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT). A consecutive cohort of 147 patients was studied before device implantation and at 12 months follow-up. All patients were in NYHA functional class III-IV and had left-ventricular (LV) systolic dysfunction ...
Biolo Andreia A Division of Cardiology, Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, - - 2010
Adiponectin, an adipocytokine, is secreted by adipocytes and mediates antihypertrophic and anti-inflammatory effects in the heart. Plasma concentrations of adiponectin are decreased in the presence of obesity, insulin resistance, and obesity-associated conditions such as hypertension and coronary heart disease. However, a paradoxical increase in adiponectin levels is observed in human ...
Mansencal Nicolas - - 2010
The aim of this study was to evaluate the prognostic value of tissue Doppler imaging (TDI) in carcinoid heart disease (CHD). We prospectively enrolled 56 consecutive patients with proved digestive endocrine tumor and carcinoid syndrome. All patients underwent serial conventional, contrast, and TDI echocardiographic studies. The end point was all-cause ...
Chung Eugene S - - 2010
Cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) is currently limited to those with left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) < or =35%. To evaluate whether patients with LVEF >35% might benefit from CRT, we performed a retrospective analysis of the predictors of response to CRT (PROSPECT) database. PROSPECT was a prospective, multicentre study that ...
Oyenuga Olusegun - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: To test the hypothesis that echocardiographic dyssynchrony may assist in the selection of patients with borderline QRS duration for cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT). BACKGROUND: Although echocardiographic dyssynchrony is currently not recommended to select patients with QRS duration widening for CRT, its utility in patients with borderline QRS widening is ...
Bogazzi F - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy is the main finding of patients with active acromegaly at cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR). The aim of the study was to evaluate heart changes in acromegalic patients treated with somatostatin analogues (SMSA) using CMR. DESIGN AND PATIENTS: This was a prospective study. Fourteen consecutive patients ...
Mar?chaux S - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Functional mitral regurgitation (FMR) may occur in patients with reduced or preserved left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) and has been associated with excess valvular tenting only in patients with reduced LVEF. This study aimed at identifying the predictors of FMR and to determine whether or not they are different ...
Li Yuman - - 2010
Quantification of right ventricular (RV) volume and function remains a challenge because of RV complex geometry by conventional echocardiography. The purpose of this study was to assess RV global longitudinal function in patients with tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) by 2-dimensional ultrasound speckle tracking imaging (STI). Thirty-eight patients with TOF were ...
Yaqub Yasir - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Tako-tsubo syndrome is a transient cardiomyopathy usually precipitated by an acute emotional or physiological stress. Our study objectives were to review and analyze the impact of emotional stress on clinical variables, echocardiographic characteristics, and short-term outcomes in patients with tako-tsubo syndrome. METHODS: Retrospective chart review. RESULTS: Eleven patients presented ...
Mansencal Nicolas - - 2010
Several patterns of Tako-Tsubo cardiomyopathy (TTC) have been described recently. To assess the prevalence and characteristics of an apical-sparing variant of TTC. This study included consecutive patients admitted to our catheterization laboratory for suspected acute coronary syndrome (ACS). All patients underwent coronary and left ventricular angiography systematically if no significant ...
El-Agroudy Amgad E - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Inflammation has been associated with atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (CVD) and anemia in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) which may lead to left ventricular impairment via myocardial hypertrophy and/or ischemia. We therefore sought to investigate serum levels of sFas in uremic patients and its correlation with known markers of ...
Wedewardt Juliane - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Cheyne-Stokes respiration (CSR) is common in patients with congestive heart failure (CHF) and is associated with poor prognosis. The aim of this study was to analyse the characteristics of CSR in patients with varying degrees of impaired left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF). METHODS: A total of 104 patients with ...
Caille Vincent - - 2010
To evaluate the ability of transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) to detect the effects of spontaneous breathing trial (SBT) on central hemodynamics and to identify indices predictive of cardiac-related weaning failure. TTE was performed just before and at the end of a 30-min SBT in 117 patients fulfilling weaning criteria. Maximal velocities ...
Yilmaz Rahmi - - 2010
Left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) and atherosclerosis are frequently observed in uremic patients and they have appeared as an independent predictor of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. The aim of this study was to compare the effects of ramipril and amlodipine on left ventricular mass index (LVMI) and carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) ...
Niaki Esfandiar Akhavan - - 2010
Mouth breathing might not always result in hypoxia, but can contribute to it. The aim of the present study was to determine the effect of mouth breathing on hypoxia. Based on a pilot study, 323 patients with mouth breathing were selected. Assessment of mouth breathing was based on clinical examination ...
Kaandorp T A M - - 2010
BACKGROUND: To assess the relationship between improved regional and global myocardial function in patients with ischemic cardiomyopathy in response to beta-blocker therapy or revascularization. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) was performed in 32 patients with ischemic cardiomyopathy before and 8 +/- 2 months after therapy. Patients were assigned ...
Bastos Claudilson J C - - 2010
Outbreaks of orally transmitted Trypanosoma cruzi continue to be reported in Brazil and are associated with a high mortality rate, mainly due to myocarditis. This study is a detailed report on the disease progression of acute Chagas disease in 13 patients who were infected during two micro-outbreaks in two northeastern ...
Previtali Mario - - 2010
Dynamic intraventricular obstruction has been observed in patients with left ventricular ballooning syndrome (LVBS) and has been hypothesized as a possible mechanism of the syndrome. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence and significance of dynamic intraventricular obstruction in patients with LVBS. Dobutamine stress echocardiography was carried ...
Garadah Taysir S - - 2010
Doppler echocardiographic studies in patients with beta-Thalassemia Major (beta-TM) had shown different patterns of left ventricle (LV) systolic and diastolic dysfunctions. This cross-sectional study was designed to study the LV systolic and diastolic function in patients with beta-TM using Pulsed Doppler (PD) Echocardiogram and assess the QTc interval and QT ...
Cioffi Giovanni - - 2010
Left atrial (LA) systolic force (LASF) is significantly increased in chronic heart failure (CHF), arterial hypertension (HT) and aortic stenosis (AS). The increase is proportional to the degree of left ventricular hypertrophy and diastolic dysfunction. To assess the magnitude of changes in maximal LA volume (LAV(max)) and LASF in systolic ...
Allanore Y - - 2010
To measure the prevalence of, and factors associated with, left ventricular (LV) dysfunction in systemic sclerosis (SSc). The EUSTAR database was first searched. A case-control study of a patient subset was then performed to further identify independent factors associated with LV dysfunction by simple and multiple regression. Of 7073 patients, ...
Soufflet Veerle - - 2010
The number of adolescents and young adults with congenital heart defects, including ventricular septal defect (VSD), increases continuously. We evaluated the mid-term outcome of small and unclosed perimembranous VSDs (pmVSDs). All patients with a known unrepaired pmVSD at 16 years of age were selected from our database. The clinical, electrocardiographic, ...
Goda Ayumi - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Several hospital-based investigations have reported that a high proportion of patients with heart failure (HF) have preserved left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF). The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence, prognosis, and predictors for mortality of Japanese HF patients with preserved versus reduced LVEF in a prospective ...
Stipac Alja Vlahović - - 2010
AIMS: To determine prognostic significance of global left ventricular (LV) contractile reserve, defined by dobutamine-induced changes of Tei index (Delta Tei), in patients with dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM). METHODS AND RESULTS: Thirty-eight patients with idiopathic DCM underwent high-dose (up to 40 microg/kg/min) dobutamine stress echocardiography. Prognostic value of different indices of ...
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