Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1281
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Rossi Andrea - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Almost 40% of patients with heart failure (HF) have preserved left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction (EF) and prognosis similar to those with reduced EF. Data on prognostic markers in such patients are limited. We analyzed the prevalence and prognostic value of left atrial (LA) size in this condition. METHODS: ...
Ewer Michael S - - 2005
Trastuzumab is an important biologic agent with significant activity in breast cancers that overexpress the HER2/neu marker. However, trastuzumab is associated with cardiotoxicity that has not yet been fully explored. We present our experience with patients who developed trastuzumab-related cardiotoxicity. Over a 4-year period, 38 patients with HER2/neu-positive breast cancer ...
Lee R - - 2005
To evaluate contractile reserve (CR) determined by exercise echocardiography in predicting clinical outcome and left ventricular (LV) function in asymptomatic severe mitral regurgitation (MR). Cohort study. Regional cardiac centre. LV volumes and ejection fraction (EF) were measured at rest and after stress in 71 patients with isolated MR. During follow ...
Heidenreich Paul A - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Mediastinal irradiation is known to cause cardiac disease, but its effect on left ventricular diastolic function is unknown. The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of diastolic dysfunction and its association with prognosis in asymptomatic patients after mediastinal irradiation. METHODS: We recruited 294 patients who had ...
Mishra T K - - 2005
AIM: To ascertain the presence of LV dysfunction in patients of subclinical hypothyroidism and its reversibility after hormone therapy. METHODS AND METERIAL: Thirty two patients with subclinical hypothyroidism (SH) were included in the study, along with thirty two age and sex matched individuals serving as controls. The patients with SH ...
Lumpaopong Adisorn - - 2005
Data from USRDS and Thai Renal Replacement Therapy revealed cardiovascular disease is a common cause of death in ESRD patients. Left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) is one of the risk factors however there are few studies about this in chronic dialysis children. In the present study, the authors retrospectively reviewed the ...
Oflaz Huseyin - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Left ventricular diastolic dysfunction has been shown in patients with autosomal-dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD). However, there is no study evaluating right ventricular functions in these patients. METHODS: In the present study, diastolic functions of both ventricles in normotensive and hypertensive ADPKD patients with well-preserved renal function were investigated. ...
Oliveira Guilherme H M GH Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, 200 First St SW, Rochester, MN 55905, - - 2005
To describe the spectrum and clinical implications of echocardiographic findings associated with Wegener granulomatosis. We retrospectively reviewed the clinical records and echocardiographic data of consecutive patients with confirmed Wegener granulomatosis referred to the echocardiography laboratory during the 21-year period from 1976 through 1997. Of the 85 patients Identified as having ...
Canbaz Fevziye - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The main aim of the study was, to estimate the impact of perfusion defects including significantly depleted areas of varying size on gated perfusion SPECT (GPS) determined ejection fraction (EF) measurements in comparison to radionuclide ventriculography (RVG). A secondary objective was the evaluation of the GPS-RVG agreement of EF ...
De Sutter Johan - - 2005
The present study evaluated the prevalence of mechanical inter- and intraventricular dyssynchrony in patients with heart failure and preserved left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction (LVEF). We studied 138 patients with heart failure (age 67+/-11 years; 76% men); 60 patients had preserved LVEF (>40%). Using conventional Doppler echocardiography, an interventricular mechanical ...
Iarussi Diana - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Data on the presence of myocardial abnormalities in long-term Hodgkin disease survivors are contradictory. The purpose of this study was to determine if myocardial performance index (MPI) was capable of discovering cardiac abnormalities. PROCEDURE: Echocardiographic evaluation was performed in 31 survivors of Hodgkin disease (mean age 17.0 years), who ...
Francone Marco - - 2006
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the use of respiratory-related ventricular coupling to differentiate patients with constrictive pericarditis (CP) and restrictive cardiomyopathy (RCM). In 18 histologically proven cases of CP, 6 patients with inflammatory pericarditis (IP), 15 RCM patients and 17 normal subjects, real-time cine MRI was performed ...
Colonna Paolo - - 2005
A large number of patients without symptoms of heart failure (HF) have asymptomatic left ventricular (LV) dysfunction owing to the compensatory mechanisms acting through the autonomic nervous system and neurohormones. In the setting of screening for prevention, one must identify the subgroup of these patients at high risk for symptomatic ...
Falsaperla R - - 2005
AIM: Congenital muscular dystrophies (CMD) are a heterogeneous group of diseases characterized by a marked weakness, generalized hypotonia, joint contractures and a muscle biopsy suggestive of dystrophic changes. The aim of this study has been to assess the prevalence of heart involvement in merosin-positive CMD patients examined by echocardiography and ...
Rochitte Carlos E - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: We sought to investigate whether myocardial delayed enhancement (MDE) by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) could quantify myocardial fibrosis (MF) in patients with Chagas' heart disease (CHD), thus defining the severity of the disease. BACKGROUND: Myocardial fibrosis secondary to ischemic disease can be imaged using MDE. Advanced CHD is characterized ...
Tan Ju-Le - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: We sought to assess the effect of successful stenting on the Doppler profile of aortic coarctation and to identify echocardiographic indexes that could be used for follow-up of such patients. BACKGROUND: Doppler echocardiography demonstrates characteristic flow patterns in significant aortic coarctation. METHODS: We undertook retrospective echocardiographic analyses before and ...
Vinch Craig S - - 2005
Normal ejection fraction (EFs) is often equated with normal systolic function. However, midwall mechanics reveal systolic dysfunction in hypertensive heart disease accompanied by hypertrophic remodeling. Midwall mechanics are unstudied in patients with acute diastolic heart failure (HF). This study analyzed left ventricular (LV) midwall stress-shortening relations in 61 patients aged ...
Sliwa Karen - - 2006
AIMS: Peripartum cardiomyopathy (PPCM) is a disorder of unknown aetiology with a course and outcome that is largely unpredictable. We evaluated the prognostic role of multiple inflammatory markers in the plasma of a large cohort of African patients with PPCM. METHODS AND RESULTS: The study of 100 patients with newly ...
Iung Bernard - - 2005
AIMS: To analyse decision-making in elderly patients with severe, symptomatic aortic stenosis (AS). METHODS AND RESULTS: In the Euro Heart Survey on valvular heart disease, 216 patients aged > or =75 had severe AS (valve area < or =0.6 cm(2)/m(2) body surface area or mean gradient > or =50 mmHg) ...
Zecchin Massimo - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The identification of patients with idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy (IDC) at higher risk of sudden death (SD) is still an unsolved issue, and the role of non-sustained ventricular tachycardia (NSVT) uncertain. METHODS: The effect of NSVT on total mortality, SD and life-threatening arrhythmias was evaluated in 554 patients with IDC ...
Patrianakos Alexander P - - 2005
The ratio of early (Ep) to late (Ap) color M-mode Doppler flow propagation through the left ventricle helps in the differentiation between normal and pseudonormal (PSN) filling pattern in patients with preserved systolic function. We studied the value of this index in the assessment of diastolic dysfunction for patients with ...
Gibson Nadine S - - 2005
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The identification of patients with pulmonary embolism who are at risk for mortality or severe morbidity in the early observation period is important because these patients may benefit from more aggressive initial treatment such as thrombolysis or catheter removal of the thrombus. Right ventricular dysfunction has been ...
Lin Shih-Kai - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: This study investigates the change in flow propagation velocity (FPV) in uremic patients who undergo regular hemodialysis (H/D). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We studied 93 uremic patients (44 men and 49 women; 59 +/- 14-years-old) receiving regular hemodialysis. Patients were separated by baseline left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF): 71 patients ...
Heymans Stephane - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Alterations in the balance of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and their specific tissue inhibitors (TIMPs) are involved in left ventricular (LV) remodeling. Whether their expression is related to interstitial fibrosis or LV dysfunction in patients with chronic pressure overload-induced LV hypertrophy, however, is unknown. METHODS AND RESULTS: Therefore, cardiac biopsies ...
Lindqvist Per - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Cardiopulmonary involvement in patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc) carries a poor prognosis, mainly due to pulmonary hypertension and right-heart failure. To date, right ventricular (RV) involvement has not been studied in detail. We therefore assessed RV function in patients with SSc and related the findings to the clinical features ...
Pratali Lorenza - - 2005
Diastolic dysfunction and lack of contractile reserve are unfavorable prognostic predictors in patients with dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM). This study aims to assess whether diastolic dysfunction and lack of dipyridamole-induced contractile reserve were additive predictors of poor outcome in patients with DCM. A total of 116 patients with DCM and ejection ...
Porter Avital - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Left ventricular mural thrombus (LVMT) is a well-known complication of anterior ST-elevation acute myocardial infraction (AMI). It remains unknown how modern therapies have impacted on its occurrence. OBJECTIVES: To define the frequency of LVMT among contemporary patients with anterior ST-elevation AMI, the clinical and echocardiographic predictors of LVMT formation, ...
Ward R Parker - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Patients with peripheral arterial disease (PAD) diagnosed by ankle-brachial index evaluation are known to have high cardiovascular mortality. Although this has primarily been attributed to coexistent coronary artery disease, the prevalence of abnormal echocardiographic findings for patients with PAD has not been studied. Our goal was to study the ...
Wright Julian R - - 2005
Atherosclerotic renovascular disease (ARVD) is associated with heart disease. There has been no systematic study of cardiac structure and function in patients with this condition. In this study, the epidemiology of cardiac changes and their relationship to renal function, renovascular anatomy, and BP are delineated. With the use of a ...
Asaumi Yasuhide - - 2005
AIMS: The clinical outcome of severe acute myocarditis patients with cardiogenic shock who require circulatory support devices is not well known. We studied the survival and clinical courses of patients with fulminant myocarditis supported by percutaneous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) and compared them with those of patients with acute non-fulminant ...
Draminska A - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Emery-Dreifuss muscular dystrophy (EDMD) characterized by musculoskeletal abnormalities is often associated with atrioventricular conduction disturbances. Although some EDMD patients were reported to develop dilated cardiomyopathy, there are limited data on their left ventricular (LV) performance. METHODS: Therefore, we echocardiographically assessed 27 men (23 cases aged 26.4+/-6.8 years with X-linked, ...
Sezgin Alpay Turan - - 2005
Slow coronary flow (SCF) in a normal-appearing coronary angiogram is a well-recognized clinical entity, but its etiopathogenesis remains unclear. The aim of the study was to evaluate echocardiographic features in patients with SCF. Thirty-four patients with angiographically proven SCF (group I) and 25 patients with normal coronary flow (group II) ...
del Val Gómez Maria - - 2005
AIM: To report our data concerning the changes in post-stress and at-rest left ventricular ejection fraction and ventricular volumes in patients with thallium gated SPECT. METHODS: Post-stress and at-rest thallium gated SPECT was performed in 629 consecutive patients; left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), left ventricular volumes and quantitative perfusion data ...
Thaman R - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: To determine the frequency of systolic impairment (SI) and its impact on the natural history of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). METHODS: 1080 patients (mean (SD) age 43 (15) years, 660 men) with HCM were evaluated. Initial assessment included history, examination, 48 hour Holter monitoring, cardiopulmonary exercise testing, and echocardiography; SI ...
Park Jae-Hyeong - - 2005
We sought to assess the frequency and clinical implications of left ventricular apical ballooning (LVAB) in patients who had been admitted to the medical ICU for noncardiac physical illnesses. Ninety-two consecutive patients who were admitted to the medical ICU from March to May 2003 were prospectively enrolled. Patients underwent echocardiography ...
Ahmari Saeed A L - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The coronary flow velocity (CFV) has been used to estimate coronary flow reserve (CFR) during dobutamine stress echocardiography (DSE). However, the relationship of the CFR to myocardial wall thickening (WT) has not been investigated. OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were: (1) to assess the feasibility of obtaining systolic ...
Perugini E - - 2006
To investigate the prevalence and distribution of gadolinium (Gd) enhancement at cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging in patients with cardiac amyloidosis (CA) and to look for associations with clinical, morphological, and functional features. 21 patients with definitely diagnosed CA (nine with immunoglobulin light chain amyloidosis and 12 transthyretin related) underwent ...
Tanabe Masaki - - 2006
The objective of this study was to determine the relation between left ventricular (LV) systolic function and the ratio of preceding (RR1) to prepreceding (RR2) R-R intervals in patients with chronic atrial fibrillation (AF) and dilated cardiomyopathy. LV systolic function (Emax) was examined using a conductance catheter with a micromanometer ...
Goto Norihiko - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The frequency and prognosis of dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) caused by secondary hyperparathyroidism (2 degrees HPT) is not known. The purpose of this study was to determine the morbidity of DCM caused by 2 degrees HPT and the efficacy of parathyroidectomy (PTx) in chronic dialysis patients with advanced 2 degrees ...
Surber Ralf - - 2005
BACKGROUND: A major goal of revascularization is the recovery of left ventricular (LV) function. Nuclear imaging techniques are widely used for detecting recovery of function with a good sensitivity, but only moderate specificity. Predictors of recovery in chronic total coronary occlusions (CTO) are not investigated. HYPOTHESIS: The 12-lead-resting electrocardiogram (ECG) ...
Tundo Fabrizio - - 2005
AIMS: Chagas disease patients often present premature ventricular complexes (PVCs), depression of left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) and autonomic dysfunction, which is generally evaluated by heart rate variability (HRV) analysis. As frequent PVCs may complicate HRV computation, we measured heart rate turbulence (HRT) and evaluated the correlation between ejection fraction ...
Autore Camillo - - 2005
The aim of this study was to investigate whether the prognostic importance of left ventricular (LV) outflow obstruction in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is influenced by other predictors of morbidity and mortality. It remains unknown whether the effect of outflow obstruction on clinical outcome in HCM is influenced by other determinants ...
Thorley Penelope J - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: This study was carried out to assess the repeatability of left ventricular ejection fraction (EF) and volume values obtained using Cedars-Sinai quantitative gated single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) (QGS) software and relatively low doses of 400-600 MBq of 99mTc-tetrofosmin. METHODS: Repeatability was assessed in a group of 75 ...
Lam Carolyn S P - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: We sought to examine the relationship of the mitral L wave with echocardiographic indexes of diastolic function and heart failure (HF) events in patients with left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy (LVH). BACKGROUND: The L wave, representing middiastolic transmitral flow, is of unknown clinical and prognostic significance in patients with LVH. ...
McCarron Emer E - - 2005
We aimed to determine whether the use of left internal mammary artery (LIMA) to the left anterior descending (LAD) artery during coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) confers an improved survival benefit to patients with an impaired preoperative left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF). Between April 1997 and March 2004, 7198 consecutive ...
Tatli Ersan - - 2005
Carvedilol is known to decrease the severity of ventricular dysfunction, to increase the left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), and, consequently, to reduce morbidity and mortality in patients with dilated cardiomyopathy. There is accumulating evidence that inflammatory cytokines have an important role in the pathogenesis of heart failure. To establish whether ...
Goto Toshihiko - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Myocardial characteristics of remote normal regions in patients with myocardial infarction (MI) and left ventricular (LV) remodeling have not been fully elucidated. Thus, we investigated this issue from the viewpoint of myocardial Tl-201 dynamics. METHODS AND RESULTS: In 14 patients with prior anterior MI, 10 with inferior MI, and ...
Kampmann C - - 2005
AIM: Left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy is a common feature in Fabry disease-related progressive infiltrative hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and affects both men and women, but at different ages. To date, however, little is known about the role of right ventricular (RV) function in Fabry disease. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate the ...
Tunc S Ercan - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Behçet's disease is a systemic vasculitis in which studies have given conflicting results about ventricular diastolic functions. However, tissue Doppler echocardiography has never been used in any of these studies. Aortic stiffness, a cardiovascular risk factor, may also precede ventricular dysfunction. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to ...
Weidemann Frank - - 2005
AIMS: The aim of this clinical cross-sectional study was to investigate the cardiac interrelation of morphological and functional abnormalities in patients with Fabry disease. METHODS AND RESULTS: Fifty-one patients (5-78 years) were compared with 25 controls (8-77 years). In all subjects, end-diastolic thickness of the left ventricle was measured by ...
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