Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 1309
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Barbagli Guido - - 2004
INTRODUCTION: The true incidence of urethral involvement in patients with genital lichen sclerosus (LS) is unknown. We review the epidemiology and discuss the pathogenesis of LS and urethral stricture diseases. MATERIALS AND METHODS: During the period 1991-2002, of 925 patients who underwent urethroplasty for anterior urethral stricture, 130 patients (14%) ...
Lynch W J - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To determine the subjective and objective benefits of the Inflow (SRS Medical Systems, N. Billerica, MA, USA) intraurethral device for managing acontractile bladders in women. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Twenty women with acontractile bladders who had been managed unsuccessfully by the usual methods were recruited. All patients were asked to ...
Tsai Tzung-Chieh TC Department of Anesthesiology, Chia-Yi Veterans Hospital, 600th, Shi-Shien Road, Section 2, Chia-Yi City, Taiwan, R.O.C. - - 2003
Normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH) is characterized by insidious onset and gradual development of the triad of gait disturbance, dementia, and urinary incontinence. Nausea, vomiting, and signs of increased intracranial pressure do not occur. A 71-year-old male patient was scheduled for total knee replacement due to osteoarthritis of right knee joint. ...
Saunders J R - - 2003
BACKGROUND: This study reports the outcome from the addition of a continent colonic conduit (CCC) to an electrically stimulated gracilis neoanal sphincter in patients with severe evacuatory disorder following formation of a neosphincter for end-stage faecal incontinence. METHODS: One hundred and twenty patients had an electrically stimulated gracilis neoanal sphincter ...
Hirayama Akihide - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: To elucidate the clinical significance of detrusor overactivity (DO) that is probably due to C-fiber activation caused by bladder outlet obstruction (BOO), we examined the responses to the ice water test (IWT) in patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) and assessed the results with reference to the clinical manifestations ...
Walker Jennifer - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Functional antimuscarinic receptor autoantibodies have recently been described in both primary and secondary Sjögren's syndrome (SS) in a mouse bladder contraction assay. Most patients with these antibodies complained of severe lower urinary tract disturbances, which are not a recognized feature of SS. We compared the severity of self-reported urological ...
Nabi G - - 2003
AIM: To define the clinicoradiological characteristics of skeletal muscle metastasis from transitional cell carcinoma of the urinary bladder. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective review of all patients with skeletal muscle metastasis was undertaken between January 1999 to December 2001. Patients suspected of having a metastasis on radiological examinations, and subsequently ...
Westerterp M - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: This study was undertaken to assess the results of anal fistulotomy on faecal continence, recurrence and satisfaction. METHODS: We reviewed the records of 60 patients who underwent anal fistulotomy between 1997 and 2000. Follow-up was by a questionnaire with 46 (77%) patients responding. Mean follow-up was 1-4 years. Fistulas ...
Buchanan G N - - 2003
BACKGROUND: The longitudinal direction of a trans-sphincteric anal fistula track through the anal sphincter complex may have implications regarding fistulotomy. METHODS: The angle of the track of trans-sphincteric fistulas relative to the longitudinal axis of the anal canal was measured before operation by means of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in ...
Zhang Peng - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To study the relationship between the degree of bladder outlet obstruction (BOO), detrusor contractility and residual urine in patients suffering from benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). METHODS: In 181 patients with BPH, degree of BOO, detrusor contractility, residual urine caculated from cathetering combined with the difference between the filling and ...
M KABIRI; Department of ...
Introduction: Use of urodynamic test in men with lower urinartract symptoms in the absence of any abnormality on rutine urologic evaluation (i.e, physical exam, urine analysis, radiologic and endoscopic investigations). Detection of these disorders can therefore load to proper treatment of patients who received in appropriate therapy. We studied the ...
Daha Lukas K - - 2003
PURPOSE: Increased urothelial permeability has been proposed as a cause of interstitial cystitis (IC). The potassium sensitivity test assesses bladder discomfort after instillation of 0.4 M KCl for identification of increased urothelial permeability. Since exposure to 0.4 M KCl may be extremely painful for patients with IC we investigated a ...
Al-Tawheed Adel R - - 2003
BACKGROUND: There is little information on the management of anuria secondary to severe volume depletion or as a rare manifestation of heat stroke in areas of the world with very hot summers. We present our experience with hot weather-induced hyperuricaemia in Kuwait. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients presenting to our urology ...
Lin C L - - 2003
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to evaluate clinically and manometrically the anorectal function of patients with imperforate anus after repair with laparoscopically assisted anorectoplasty (LAR), as compared with the function of patients after undergoing the conventional method, posterior sagittal anorectoplasty (PSARP). METHODS: The defecation status and anorectal manometry of patients with ...
Rasmussen Ole Ø - - 2003
The thesis consists of ten previously published studies and a review. The physiological and pathophysiological mechanisms in fecal incontinence has been studied by anal manometry, both by standard static anal manometry and by a new method, dynamic anal manometry, where anal sphincter pressure can be measured during simultaneous opening and ...
Hruz Petr - - 2003
PURPOSE: Little is known about the etiology of the non-inflammatory Chronic Pelvic Pain Syndrome (CPPS, NIH category IIIb). We conducted this study to determine whether endoscopic and urodynamic evaluation provide objectively measurable parameters that may support the rationale of therapeutic strategies for patients who failed to respond to medical treatment ...
Gomelsky Alex - - 2003
PURPOSE: The nature of bladder function following ischemic injuries to the spinal cord (vSCI) is poorly understood. We describe urodynamic (UD) findings in patients with vSCI and determined the optimal management of voiding dysfunction. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From January 1997 through September 2001, 18 patients were diagnosed with vSCI. All ...
Morera Claudio - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: The authors evaluated rectal manometry of children with sacral root abnormalities secondary to isolated sacral agenesis. METHODS: The anorectal manometric recordings of seven patients with isolated sacral agenesis (four with partial agenesis and three with complete agenesis) were retrospectively evaluated and compared with tracings from healthy control subjects. Characteristics ...
Klein Caroline M - - 2003
We analyzed the clinical characteristics of 18 patients (13 female, 5 male) who had autoimmune autonomic neuropathy (AAN) and ganglionic acetylcholine receptor (AChR) autoantibodies. Mean age was 61.4 years (standard deviation, 12.0 years). Ten patients had subacute symptom onset, six with an antecedent event. Eight patients had chronic AAN, characterized ...
Mayer Richard A - - 2003
BACKGROUND: We tested the hypothesis that patients with vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus (VRE) stool colonization who are continent of feces contaminate the environment less frequently than patients who are colonized and incontinent. METHODS: We prospectively examined the frequency of environmental VRE contamination in the rooms of 15 patients who were continent and ...
Rasmussen O O - - 2003
INTRODUCTION: Rectal function following rectal resection for carcinoma was studied in 43 patients. METHODS: Sixteen women and 27 men with a median age of 66 years (range 41-79 years) were included. Twenty-three patients had a diverting ileostomy at the time of resection. Eight patients had a 6-cm colonic J-pouch. Ten ...
Cör Andrej - - 2003
The aim of this study was to evaluate whether differences in the quantity of elastic fibres, collagen type I and collagen type III in the endopelvic fascia occur with female stress urinary incontinence (SUI). A total of 54 patients participated in the study. They were divided into two groups (continent ...
Araki Isao - - 2003
PURPOSE: We investigated the relationship of voiding dysfunction type and the lesion site in patients with multiple sclerosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Voiding dysfunction was evaluated in 32 patients with multiple sclerosis using the International Prostate Symptom Score and urodynamic tests. Lesion sites were determined by combined neurological examination and magnetic ...
Kayaba Hiroyuki - - 2003
OBJECT: Disturbance in anorectal function is a major factor restricting the activities of daily living in patients with spinal cord disorders. To detect changes in anorectal motilities due to a tethered spinal cord, anorectal functions were evaluated using a saline enema test and fecoflowmetry before and after patients underwent untethering ...
McLennan Mary T - - 2003
Sacral neuromodulation is an approved therapy for frequency, urgency, urge incontinence and non-obstructive urinary retention. There are several recent reports on a subgroup of patients who are 'Iate failures' to therapy. This descriptive study aimed to determine whether the use of electrodiagnosis during reprogramming could provide objective data on device ...
Agarwal Pinky - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Urinary incontinence is one of the most common medical complaints of women older than 50 years of age. Understanding the anatomy and physiology is important in the diagnosis and management of these patients. REVIEW SUMMARY: Evaluation of the incontinent patient is complicated by the frequent vagueness of the patient's ...
Teichman Joel M H - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: To determine the long-term outcomes from the Malone antegrade continence enema (ACE) procedure in adult neurogenic patients. METHODS: A retrospective review of adult patients who underwent the ACE procedure for neurogenic bowel was done. Patients were studied if they had follow-up of greater than 4 years. We compared pre-ACE ...
Flisser Adam J - - 2003
PURPOSE: We describe a new classification of patients with overactive bladder symptoms. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The office records of 132 patients who presented for evaluation of symptoms of urinary frequency, urinary urgency and/or urge incontinence, and who underwent videourodynamics were identified. All patients completed a 24-hour voiding diary and 24-hour ...
Gladman Marc A - - 2003
PURPOSE: Blunted rectal sensation, or rectal hyposensitivity, has been reported anecdotally in patients with functional disorders of evacuation and continence. The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of rectal hyposensitivity and whether the finding of such an abnormality was associated with any clinical impact. METHODS: One thousand ...
Sugaya Kimio - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Transabdominal ultrasonography was used to study the bladder neck morphology in women with urethral syndrome or stress urinary incontinence, in order to determine the ultrasonographic findings of these conditions. METHODS: A total of 210 female patients with a normal bladder, asymptomatic trigonitis, urethral syndrome, and stress incontinence were studied. ...
Ayyildiz Ali - - 2003
A 37-year-old male patient who had intense discomfort due to dysuria, pollacuria, was examined and a foreign body was determined in the bladder. This foreign body was a type of pocket battery self inserted compulsively into the bladder by the patient and this is the first published report to our ...
Zachoval Roman - - 2003
INTRODUCTION: Augmentation cystoplasty is an effective approach to the detrusor hyperreflexia which is refractory to conservative treatment. Sporadic data have been published in patients with progressive diseases such as multiple sclerosis (MS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Augmentation ileocystoplasty (Goodwin 'cup-patch') was performed in 9 patients (7 females, 2 males). The average ...
Sakakibara Ryuji - - 2003
AIMS: Spina bifida is a rare but well-documented congenital spinal anomaly comprising a cystic form, which appears in infancy, and an occult form, which appears in late childhood and in adulthood. Herein, we report the results of uroneurological assessment in patients with spina bifida cystica and occulta, with respect to ...
Dalmose Asger - - 2003
This paper provides an overview of electrical stimulation of the nervous system as a treatment option for urodynamic dysfunction and of some of the recent results in this field. The set-up used in our studies for improved bladder filling in spinal cord injured patients by conditional stimulation of the dorsal ...
Sakakibara Ryuji - - 2003
AIMS: Nervous system involvement occurs in about half of patients with systemic lupus erythematosis (SLE). Seizures and psychiatric disorders are the most common manifestations; spinal cord lesions are uncommon. We had eight such patients who presented with urinary dysfunction. METHODS: The patients consisted of two men and six women, mean ...
Quek Marcus L - - 2003
PURPOSE: Augmentation enterocystoplasty is well tolerated by patients with neurogenic bladder in whom conservative therapy has failed. However, few studies exist on long-term urodynamic evaluation of these patients. We assessed the clinical and urodynamic outcomes of patients with neurogenic bladder treated with augmentation enterocystoplasty with at least 4 years of ...
Jonkers I J A M - - 2003
The aim of this study was to unravel the mechanisms responsible for the increased risk of gall stone disease in hypertriglyceridaemia (HTG) and to compare the effects of triglyceride lowering therapy by bezafibrate and fish oil on determinants of cholelithiasis (biliary lipid composition and gall bladder motility) in HTG patients. ...
Shin J C - - 2002
Prospective investigation using serial urodynamic studies. To evaluate type of neurogenic bladder and to observe changes of autonomous detrusor contraction (ADC) after the normalization of the compliance and capacity of the bladder in cauda equina injury. Spinal Cord Injury Unit, Yonsei Rehabilitation Hospital, Seoul, Korea. Urodynamic studies were performed in ...
Scheepens W A - - 2002
PURPOSE: Bilateral sacral nerve neuromodulation has been proposed as a more effective treatment for chronic voiding dysfunction. However no comparison with the unilateral approach has been performed. We investigated the possible advantage of bilateral sacral neuromodulation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a prospective randomized crossover trial we investigated 33 patients who ...
Dalbagni Guido - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the impact of a second transurethral resection (TUR) on the pathologic stage in a unique patient population with T1 tumors. METHODS: Seventy-one patients with Stage T1 transitional cell carcinoma of the bladder were prospectively enrolled and underwent restaging TUR. Fifteen patients underwent immediate cystectomy and 56 patients ...
Van Outryve S M - - 2002
Dyschesia can be provoked by inappropriate defecation movements. The aim of this prospective study was to demonstrate dysfunction of the anal sphincter and/or the musculus (m.) puborectalis in patients with dyschesia using anorectal endosonography. Twenty consecutive patients with a medical history of dyschesia and a control group of 20 healthy ...
Karan Ayse - - 2004
We compared the frequency of Hypermobility Syndrome (HS) in 105 patients with urinary stress incontinence (USI) with the frequency of HS in 105 healthy controls that matched for age and parity. A Beighton score (BS) of more than 3 was used to make the clinical diagnosis of HS. Thirty-six patients ...
Shah T - - 2002
INTRODUCTION: Acute urinary retention caused by bladder outlet obstruction resulting from prostatic enlargement is one of the commonest causes for acute admission to urology wards. More recently, there has been a trend to commence treatment with alpha-blockers after catheterisation followed by a trial without catheter (TWOC), in the hope that ...
Bouchoucha Michel - - 2002
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Fecal incontinence is common. The potential contribution of colon function to continence has not been studied. Treatment is poorly codified. To evaluate colonic transit time (CTT) and its importance in the management of fecal incontinence we analyzed in a retrospective study the CTT in patients with fecal ...
Knutson Tomas - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: For patients with the combination of severe bladder outlet obstruction (BOO) and severe overactive bladder (OB), no straightforward and safe treatment exists due to the risk of urge incontinence after TURP. In this study we have used a biodegradable polyglycolic stent to simulate the status after TURP and register ...
Yeung C K - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the diurnal and nocturnal bladder reservoir function in patients with refractory primary nocturnal enuresis (PNE). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Ninety-five children (68 boys, 27 girls, mean age 9.3 years) with significant PNE (>/=3 wet nights/week) that was refractory to treatment with desmopressin +/- an enuretic alarm were assessed ...
Mulroy Michael F - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Voiding before discharge is usually required after outpatient epidural or spinal anesthesia because of concern about bladder overdistention and dysfunction. Shorter duration spinal and epidural anesthesia may allow return of bladder function before overdistention occurs in low-risk patients (those younger than age 70, not having hernia, rectal, or urologic ...
Kalita J - - 2002
AIMS: To evaluate micturition abnormalities in acute transverse myelitis and correlate these with evoked potentials, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and urodynamic findings. SETTING: Tertiary care teaching hospital. PATIENTS: 18 patients with acute transverse myelitis, aged 4-50 years; 15 had paraparesis and three quadriparesis. METHODS: Patients with acute transverse myelitis had ...
Siroky Mike B - - 2002
Spinal cord injury (SCI) produces profound alterations in lower urinary tract function. Incontinence, elevated intravesical pressure, reflux, stones, and neurological obstruction, commonly found in the spinal cord-injured population, increase the risk of urinary infection. The overall rate of urinary infection in SCI patient is about 2.5 episodes per patient per ...
Zhang Peng - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To study the factors that affect the prognosis of the patients with benign prostatic hypertrophy (BPH) after prostatectomy. METHODS: Using urodynamic methods, we studied 50 BPH patients with embarrassing outcomes after prostatectomy. RESULTS: Detrusor instability (Dl) appeared in 20 (40%) patients. Twelve (24%) patients suffered from weak contractility of ...
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