Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 1306
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Blok Bertil F M - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To determine current trends in management and surveillance of the neurogenic bladder population by Canadian urologists who routinely work with and provide care for these patients. METHODS: A questionnaire was mailed to members of the Canadian Urological Association. The assessment and follow-up of upper and lower urinary tract function ...
Van Voskuilen Anco C - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To describe patient selection for sacral neuromodulation, also known as Interstim therapy, and the results of tined-lead implantation in the medium term. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In all, 49 patients, 39 with refractory overactive bladder symptoms and 10 with urinary retention, were implanted with the tined lead under local anaesthesia. ...
Smith Phillip P - - 2006
Voiding dysfunction is common and often is the result of urethral obstruction to urine flow. Obstruction can be due to failure of the sphincteric mechanism to sufficiently relax. Such functional obstructions may have smooth and/or striated muscle components. Identifying and characterizing functional bladder outlet obstruction enables the physician to effectively ...
Terra M P - - 2006
PURPOSE: Pelvic floor rehabilitation is an appealing treatment for patients with fecal incontinence but reported results vary. This study was designed to assess the outcome of pelvic floor rehabilitation in a large series of consecutive patients with fecal incontinence caused by different etiologies. METHODS: A total of 281 patients (252 ...
Gotoh Momokazu - - 2006
AIM: To assess the pathophysiology and subjective symptoms in female patients with impaired bladder emptying. METHODS: Eighty-three consecutive female patients attending a urology clinic with postvoid residual urine of more than 100 mL were recruited. Free uroflowmetry, measurement of postvoid residual urine and pressure-flow study were performed in all patients. ...
Snyman L C - - 2006
Ultrasound is currently used as a screening test for bladder infiltration in patients with advanced-stage cervical cancer at our institution. Cystoscopy is reserved for patients with abnormal bladder ultrasound findings. This study was undertaken to reevaluate this policy and to compare the results of different screening tests. The study was ...
Minassian Vatche A - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether a history of childhood dysfunctional voiding is associated with urinary incontinence in adulthood. METHODS: Using a case-control study, we surveyed patients presenting with or without urinary incontinence. Cases were patients referred to a tertiary urogynecology clinic, and controls were patients referred to a general gynecology clinic. ...
O'Doherty Una M UM Radiotherapy Department, Royal Marsden NHS Foundation Trust, Sutton, - - 2006
Patients receiving radical radiotherapy to the prostate are requested to maintain a full bladder to displace the dome of the bladder and small bowel from the target volume. This study investigated patients' ability to consistently maintain a full bladder throughout planning and treatment before (Study 1) and after (Study 2) ...
Bruschini Homero - - 2006
To evaluate the upper and lower urinary tract and revise the urodynamic parameters on myelomeningocele patients without adequate urological management. 104 myelomeningocele patients without previous adequate urological management were assessed by clinical, urodynamic and imaging evaluation. The urodynamic.data were correlated with the status of the upper urinary tract (UUT). Thirty ...
Tanaka Stacy T - - 2006
PURPOSE: Urological complications are well documented in patients with traumatic spinal cord injury. We examined the long-term urological outcomes in a large population of children affected by transverse myelitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the medical history, imaging studies and urodynamic findings in 22 children with transverse myelitis. Age ...
Sammour Zein M - - 2006
PURPOSE: WBS is an autosomal dominant disorder that includes features such as developmental delay, cardiovascular anomalies, mental retardation and characteristic facial appearance. We systematically investigated the prevalence and spectrum of voiding dysfunction in this population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We prospectively evaluated 16 boys and 12 girls with WBS, with a ...
Sasaki M - - 2006
We report three male patients with aseptic meningoencephalo- radiculitis presenting with acute urinary retention. Viral antibody titers for herpes types I and II and the PCR studies were negative. The cerebrospinal fluid revealed elevated myelin basic protein. The serum antibodies against a panel of gangliosides, some of which are known ...
Lacima Gloria - - 2006
PURPOSE: Several clinical, urodynamic, and manometric findings suggest neurologic damage as a contributing factor in the development of combined fecal and urinary incontinence. In this study, we wanted to test the hypothesis of pudendal nerve neuropathy being a more frequent lesion in patients with double incontinence compared with patients with ...
Chang Shyh-Chyi - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: To conduct a prospective study to determine the causes of nocturia in men. METHODS: The study included 41 male patients (mean age 72.5 years) bothered by nocturia (two or more micturitions per night). Eleven asymptomatic young men (mean age 28.4 years) were enrolled as a control group. All completed ...
Vaidyanathan Subramanian - - 2006
Percutaneous suprapubic cystostomy is generally considered to be a safe procedure provided the bladder is distended adequately, as palpable bladder is the landmark for insertion of a trocar. This report describes fatality due to septicemia and hemorrhage following suprapubic catheter insertion in a tetraplegic male patient with long-term indwelling urethral ...
Compérat Eva - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: To study histological features and morphological differences in bladder wall specimen from patients with and without botulinum toxin A injections and to compare those issues in responders and non-responders to the toxin therapy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Bladder wall specimen obtained from cystectomy in 45 patients with neurogenic overactive bladders ...
Guerrero K - - 2006
Oral anticholinergic therapy, used for the treatment of detrusor overactivity (DO), is limited by systemic side-effects and because of failure to respond. Alternative routes of administration include the intravesical route. We reviewed 11 women who were treated with intravesical oxybutynin (IVO). All had idiopathic DO, their symptoms having been unsuccessfully ...
Ito Takashi - - 2006
Uro-neurological assessment was performed in four patients with small-fiber neuropathy due to amyloidosis (2 transthyretin-type/2 immunoglobulin light-chain-type). Voiding difficulties were due to detrusor weakness and impaired bladder sensation. In two patients cholinesterase inhibition treatment caused urge incontinence, indicating detrusor denervation supersensitivity. The underlying mechanisms of urinary dysfunction seem to involve ...
Podnar Simon - - 2006
Needle electromyography (EMG) of lower sacral myotomes is useful in certain patients with urinary, bowel, or sexual dysfunction. The aim of the study was to identify the clinical profile of patients who require such testing. Medical records were retrospectively reviewed, and findings evaluated using bivariate and multivariate statistics. A neuropathic ...
Heaton Jeremy P W - - 2006
The diseases of the lower urinary tract are traditionally divided into abnormalities of storage and abnormalities of emptying. The targets for therapy were the organs most responsible for influencing storage and emptying. Modern understanding places the symptomatic status of the patient as the overriding criterion for treatment. It also accommodates ...
Osman Yasser - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To compare the clinical relevance of retrograde urethrography (RUG) and magnetic resonance (MR) urethrography in evaluating male urethral strictures. METHODS: Between January and April 2004, 20 men were referred to our institute for management of urethral strictures. The patients were investigated by conventional RUG and multiformat MR urethrography. The ...
de Figueiredo André Avarese - - 2006
AIMS: Clinical and urodynamic evaluation of the late outcome of 25 patients with chronic tuberculous cystitis who underwent bladder augmentation. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Twenty men and five women with median age of 40 years were evaluated. The tubularized ileocecal segment was used in 8 cases, the detubularized sigmoid in 13, ...
McCrery R J - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: To determine the safety of the use of Durasphere in patients receiving warfarin anticoagulation. METHODS: This case series included patients requiring long-term anticoagulation who also had intrinsic sphincteric deficiency or mixed urinary incontinence, and bladder outlets without hypermobility. All patients, with the exception of the 1 man in the ...
Horstmann M - - 2006
The dosage of the antimuscarinic drugs: Tolterodine ER or Trospium was increased to a higher-than-recommended dosage in patients where the manufacturer's recommended dosage had failed. All patients were suffering from neurogenic detrusor overactivity incontinence. Tolerability and success were evaluated in the present study. Twenty-one patients with neurogenic detrusor overactivity were ...
Kalsi Vinay - - 2006
This study aimed to assess the resource utilisation, health benefits and cost-effectiveness of intra-detrusor injections of botulinum neurotoxin-A (BoNT/A) in patients with overactive bladder (OAB). 101 patients with urodynamically-proven detrusor overactivity of either neurogenic (NDO; n = 63) or idiopathic (IDO; n = 38) origin received intra-detrusor injections of 200-300 ...
Al-Ansari Abdulla - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: To present our experience with extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) monotherapy for the treatment of patients with urethral and bladder stones presenting with acute urinary retention. METHODS: A total of 64 patients (62 male and 2 female) with urethral or bladder stones underwent ESWL monotherapy. All patients presented to ...
Siproudhis L - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Rectal perception and adaptation to distension are widely heterogeneous in subjects with faecal incontinence. AIM: To quantify rectal physiology in patients with incontinence and low maximum rectal volume, according to AGA guidelines on anorectal testing techniques. PATIENTS AND METHODS: 148 patients (12 men, 136 female) with incontinence to liquid ...
Pucciani Filippo - - 2005
PURPOSE: This retrospective study evaluates the effect of abdominal hysterectomy on patients affected by descending perineum syndrome. METHODS: Eighty-nine female patients affected by descending perineum syndrome and one group of 10 healthy women with normal bowel habits were studied retrospectively. Thirty-two descending perineum syndrome patients (Group 1) had received an ...
Erdem Erim - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the impact of the catheter on perceptions of filling. In our previous study, we demonstrated that some patients perceived sensations despite a lack of filling during cystometry. METHODS: The study included 45 patients with lower urinary tract symptoms attributed to benign prostatic hyperplasia. The average patient age ...
Bai Sang Wook - - 2005
This study aimed to investigate the relationship between bladder trabeculation, urinary function, and the stage of pelvic organ prolapse (POP). The medical records of 104 patients with POP who underwent cystoscopies and urodynamic studies were reviewed retrospectively. Age, incidence of detrusor instability, stage and site of POP, and the parameters ...
Kim Joon Chul - - 2005
AIM: Nerve growth factor (NGF) and prostaglandins (PG) in the urinary bladder can be affected by pathology of bladder, and this change can be noted in the urine. This study was performed to investigate the changes in urinary NGF and PG in male patient with overactive bladder (OAB) symptoms. METHODS: ...
Gargollo Patricio C - - 2005
PURPOSE: We characterize pelvic soft tissue and bony anatomy of patients before and after complete primary repair of exstrophy (CPRE). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We evaluated 15 measurements on pelvic magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in patients who underwent CPRE without osteotomy at our institution from 1996 to 2004. MRI protocols included ...
Kalsi Vinay - - 2005
Bladder dysfunction is a common problem for patients with multiple sclerosis. The severity of symptoms often correlate with the degree of spinal cord involvement and, hence, the patient's general level of disability. The emphasis of management is now mainly medical and is increasingly offered by nonurologists. Treatments can be highly ...
Gomes Cristiano M - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To describe the clinical and urodynamic features of patients with chronic voiding dysfunction secondary to schistosomal myeloradiculopathy (SM), as the clinical involvement of the spinal cord is a well recognized complication of Schistosomiasis mansoni infection. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We reviewed the records and urodynamic studies of 26 consecutive patients ...
Haessler Alexandra L - - 2005
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Occult incontinence is a controversial subject without significant exposure in the literature. Conventionally, it has been assumed to be a marker for increased risk of postoperative stress urinary incontinence (POSUI) after repair of pelvic organ prolapse. The controversy surrounds the performance of prophylactic incontinence procedures based on ...
Nicanor Francisco A - - 2005
INTRODUCTION: The urofacial or Ochoa syndrome is a rare disease characterized by the presence of functional obstructive uropathy associated with peculiar facial features when patients attempt to smile or laugh. Unfortunately, many of these patients remain without proper diagnosis or adequate treatment due to lack of recognition of the disease. ...
Jarrett M E D - - 2005
INTRODUCTION: Faecal incontinence affects a percentage of the population and can have a significant effect on their ability to establish and maintain sexual relations. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Sixteen consecutive patients with permanent sacral neuromodulation (SNM) for faecal incontinence completed a 'Sex Life Questionnaire' at their follow up visit to ascertain ...
Wu Jane - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To document the prevalence of, risk factors for, and outcomes of, urinary retention (UR). DESIGN: Prospective observational study. SETTING: A subacute general (predominantly geriatric) rehabilitation unit. PARTICIPANTS: Three hundred nineteen consecutive patients (196 women, 123 men). INTERVENTIONS: Twenty-two patients were catheterized for acute UR in the acute facility prior ...
Craggs Michael D - - 2005
Detrusor overactivity is the primary objective focus of most investigations into the diagnosis and management of patients with urgency incontinence. Patients with an overactive bladder are characteristically troubled by subjective sensations of bladder fullness and urinary urgency, and frequently void at low bladder volumes attained before noticeable detrusor overactivity occurs. ...
Kjølhede Preben - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the occurrence of voiding dysfunction and symptoms of genital prolapse at long-term follow-up after Burch colposuspension (Bc) in relation to the occurrence of the symptoms in an age-matched normal population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A follow-up study of the 190 patients who underwent Bc in 1980-88 and 305 ...
Mahayosnond Atchara - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the bladder capacity in patients diagnosed with end stage renal disease (ESRD). MATERIAL AND METHOD: A six-month prospective study was conducted at the outpatient X-ray unit, Department of Radiology, King Chulalongkorn Memorial Hospital from July 2002 to January 2003. Datas from adult patients sent to the unit ...
Radojicic Zoran I - - 2005
PURPOSE: We present a variation on the continent procedure using the refluxing megaureter for the Mitrofanoff channel, and its results. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The Mitrofanoff procedure using the refluxing megaureter was performed in 35 patients (valve bladder syndrome 15, neurogenic bladder 10, non-neurogenic bladder 10) between 1995 and 2001. Mean ...
Lund Jonathan N - - 2006
Anal fissure is a common condition affecting young to middle-aged adults. It causes severe pain on defecation and rectal bleeding. The aetiology remains uncertain. Spasm of the internal anal sphincter is a constant feature. Nitric oxide (NO) is the major inhibitory neurotransmitter of the internal anal sphincter (IAS). In other ...
Ozkan Burak - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether bladder histopathologic changes, detrusor leak point pressure (DLPP), disease duration, and preoperative catheterization time can predict for upper urinary tract (UUT) deterioration in patients with overactive neurogenic bladder dysfunction (ONBD). METHODS: A total of 39 patients (7 women and 32 men) with ONBD who were treated ...
Hirayama Akihide - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether detrusor overactivity (DO) and the response to the ice water test (IWT) influence nighttime urinary frequency in patients with lower urinary tract symptoms. METHODS: A total of 114 patients with lower urinary tract symptoms, who were older than 50 years, with an International Prostate Symptom Score ...
Elhilali Mostafa M - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: To perform a retrospective analysis of the long-term results of our experience with neuromodulation. Our center has been involved in the early studies leading to approval of the NeuroStim system of neuromodulation for the treatment of patients presenting with refractory lower urinary symptoms of urgency/frequency with or without incontinence ...
Goonewardena S A S - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: To report our experience with high pressure chronic retention (HPCR), a clinical syndrome with potentially disastrous consequences. DESIGN: A prospective hospital based descriptive study. Setting A urology unit at the National Hospital of Sri Lanka, Colombo. Patients Forty seven consecutive new patients with HPCR evaluated during a 2-year period. ...
Yoshimura Koji - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To classify the night-time urinary frequency of patients with symptomatic nocturia by urine volume produced, nocturnal bladder capacity and time spent in bed. PATIENTS, SUBJECTS AND METHODS: In all, 110 patients whose principal complaint was nocturia were enrolled in the study; 32 age- and gender-matched subjects were recruited as ...
Choi Jong Bo - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: To characterize autonomic dysfunctions in patients with an overactive bladder (OAB), we compared their heart rate variability (HRV) with the HRV of a normal population. METHODS: Electrocardiographic signals were obtained from 40 female patients (mean age 46.4 +/- 12.1 years) and 131 healthy female controls (mean age 45.6 +/- ...
Yoshimura Koji - - 2005
BACKGROUND: We examined the fluctuation and causes of voiding frequency during the night in patients with symptomatic nocturia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Actual night time frequency was recorded by 72 patients for a total of 769 nights (mean 10.7 nights per patient) and was compared with the 'nocturia score' of the ...
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