Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 1311
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Liao Yung-Ming - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: Urethral injection of botulinum toxin A (BTX-A) can reduce urethral resistance in patients with voiding dysfunction. However, some patients do not benefit from this treatment. It is essential to identify the causes for these failed procedures. METHODS: A total of 200 patients receiving urethral BTX-A injections for voiding dysfunction ...
Hagerty Jennifer A - - 2007
PURPOSE: Intravesical electrotherapy was previously shown to be effective for improving bladder capacity and compliance. We evaluated our 22-year experience with this therapy in patients with neurogenic bladder. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The charts of 405 patients who received intravesical electrotherapy were reviewed. Cystometrograms were performed at the start of each ...
Diehl-Schmid J - - 2007
According to the diagnostic consensus criteria [1] akinesia, rigidity and tremor as well as primitive reflexes and incontinence support the diagnosis of fronto-temporal dementia (FTD). However, the prevalence of extrapyramidal signs (EPMS), primitive reflexes and incontinence in FTD has not yet been systematically studied. In the present study, thirty-one patients ...
Hassan Ayman A - - 2007
AIM: We evaluated the possibility that patients with chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CP/CPPS) might have similar histological and physiological bladder changes as that documented in patients with painful bladder syndrome/interstitial cystitis (PBS/IC). METHODS: Thirty-five known patients of CP/CPPS according to the clinical criteria of National Institutes of Health (NIH) ...
Kuo Hann-Chorng - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: Lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) are highly prevalent among men; however, not all men with LUTS have urodynamically confirmed bladder outlet obstruction. Overactive bladder symptoms are often caused by bladder dysfunctions alone or in combination with bladder outlet obstruction. A detailed diagnosis to identify the causes of LUTS in ...
Vasudevan S P - - 2007
Rectal hyposensitivity (RH) is commonly found in patients with intractable constipation, faecal incontinence or both. Anal sensation may also be blunted in these conditions. We aimed to determine whether RH is associated with anal hyposensitivity, which may reflect a combined viscero-somatic neuropathy. One hundred and fifty-eight female patients with chronic ...
Taskinen Seppo - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the risk of osteopenia in patients after intestinal bladder augmentation. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In all, 54 patients with bladder augmentation were evaluated during the regular follow-up programme. Augmentation was performed because of paediatric neurogenic or non-neurogenic reasons. Areal bone mineral densities (aBMD) for the lumbar spine (L1-L4), ...
Bajaj A - - 2007
AIM: To determine the incidence of synchronous upper-tract transitional cell carcinomas (TCCs) in patients with newly diagnosed bladder cancer and to evaluate the need for performing intravenous urography (IVU) in these patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Imaging data on 330 consecutive patients who were diagnosed with TCC of the bladder over ...
Brewer M Eric - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: The evaluation of the genitourinary system in patients with blunt trauma remains controversial. Historically, patients with more than 50 red blood cells on urinalysis underwent additional genitourinary imaging. Retrospective studies have demonstrated that bladder injury is almost always associated with gross hematuria. We have prospectively demonstrated that bladder imaging ...
Arena Francesco - - 2007
AIM: To evaluate if a complete urological screening is justified by potential urological anomalies in newborns or infants with asymptomatic renal ectopia (RE). METHODS: The database records of 60 consecutive neonatal cases of RE diagnosed at the authors' hospital from 1990 to 2004 were retrospectively reviewed. RESULTS: At diagnosis, mean ...
Arora Garima - - 2007
PATIENTS AND METHODS: Thirty operated patients of myelodysplasia were clinically evaluated for the age at presentation, the extent of lesion and neurological deficit. Urological assessment was done with urine cultures, serum creatinine, radiological (ultrasound of kidney, ureters and bladder, voiding cystourethrogram) and urodynamic (water cystometry) parameters. An objective scoring for ...
Kimuli Michael - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to investigate the feasibility of out-patient flexible cystoscopy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Twenty-seven patients awaiting diagnostic or check cystoscopy in Leeds, UK were invited to undergo out-patient flexible cystoscopy using a CST-2000 Flexible Cystoscope (Vision Sciences; Natick, MA, USA) using the sterile single-use slide-on(trade ...
Akano A O - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Abnormality of the male anterior urethra is common and is routinely assessed by contrast X-ray retrograde urethrogram (RUG). There is paucity of knowledge about the efficacy or findings at ultrasound of the anterior urethra in patients with urethral stricture in our setting. OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy of ultrasound ...
Del Sorbo Francesca - - 2007
The objective of this study was to investigate cardiovascular autonomic function in patients with parkin disease. Ten patients with a genetically confirmed diagnosis were compared to 11 healthy controls. Symptoms related to autonomic dysfunction were collected by structured interviews. Cardiovascular autonomic reflex function was evaluated using a standard battery of ...
Mengual Lourdes - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the use of a multiprobe fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) assay for determining the response of patients with high-risk superficial bladder tumour (HRSBT) to bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) therapy. METHODS: Bladder washing specimens from 65 HRSBT patients collected before and after BCG therapy were analyzed by FISH. Labelled ...
Watanabe Toru - - 2007
To identify the origin of urinary leukocytes in Kawasaki disease (KD) patients with pyuria, we prospectively studied clinical and laboratory findings of 23 KD patients. Patients were divided into three groups: patients without pyuria, patients with pyuria in both voided urine and bladder urine obtained by transurethral catheterization (bladder pyuria) ...
Thiel David D - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether urodynamic or clinical parameters can predict artificial urinary sphincter (AUS) outcome in patients who were incontinent after radical prostatectomy (RP). Incontinence after RP is secondary to intrinsic sphincter deficiency, but urodynamics have been advocated before AUS placement to detect factors that could limit surgical success. METHODS: ...
Albani Justin M - - 2007
PURPOSE: We determined the usefulness of computerized tomographic urography for the initial evaluation of patients with hematuria as an alternative to excretory urography. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 259 patients (140 men and 119 women), age range 20 to 100 (mean 59.4) years, underwent computerized tomographic urography for the ...
Hayashi Yutaro - - 2007
Urethral calculus is a late complication of urethroplasty for hypospadias when hair-bearing scrotal skin is included in the neourethra. From 1992 to 2002, we had one adolescent and four adult hypospadiac patients with urethral calculi. All patients had undergone staged repair for severe hypospadias at our institute or another hospital ...
Verdejo Carlos - - 2007
Overactive bladder is the most frequent type of urinary incontinence in the elderly; its main symptoms are frequency, urgency and urge-incontinence. The diagnosis is based on urodynamic testing; however, a few years ago Abrams and Wein proposed a new clinical approach to overactive bladder. Aims: The main aims of this ...
Brusciano L - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Anal ultrasound is helpful in assessing organic anorectal lesions, but its role in functional disease is still questionable. The purpose of the present study is to assess anal-vaginal-dynamic perineal ultrasonographic findings in patients with obstructed defecation (OD) and healthy controls. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ninety-two consecutive patients (77 women; mean ...
Pascual Marta - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Anorectal pressure studies have demonstrated internal anal sphincter (IAS) hypertonia in patients with chronic anal fissure. It is unknown however, if these changes in IAS function are associated with any abnormality in sphincter morphology. The first aim was to investigate the clinical characteristics and the manometric and ...
Dylewski Drew A - - 2007
AIMS: Pad per day (PPD) usage is a frequently utilized measure of urinary incontinence. The 24-hour pad weight test (24PWT) is a reproducible test for quantifying incontinence volumes. We investigated whether PPD validly reports the magnitude of urinary incontinence. METHODS: This was a retrospective review of patients undergoing stress incontinence ...
Ikuerowo Stephen O - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Acute urinary retention (AUR) is a common urological problem. We have observed a growing list of patients on indwelling bladder catheter awaiting surgery after AUR. This study was aimed at identifying the health, financial and quality of life (QoL) implications of prolonged use of indwelling catheter in these patients ...
Minardi D - - 2007
AIMS: We performed urodynamics and perineal ultrasound in female patients with urinary incontinence to assess morphology and function of the bladder base-urethra complex and of the detrusor muscle, and to find the correlation between these investigations in the diagnosis of (a) bladder neck and urethral hypermobility and (b) detrusor overactivity; ...
Rubinstein Mauricio - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Compare detrusor muscle of normal and patients with infravesical obstruction, quantifying the collagen and elastic system fibers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We studied samples taken from bladders of 10 patients whose ages ranged from 45 to 75 years (mean = 60 years), who underwent transvesical prostatectomy for treatment of BPH. ...
Shafik Ahmed - - 2007
The authors investigated the hypothesis that partial fecal incontinence (PFI) had variable manifestations that can be categorized as different types of PFI with different pathogeneses and treatment. Anal and rectal pressures as well as external and internal anal sphincter electromyographic activity were recorded in 163 patients with PFI and in ...
Bross Stephan - - 2007
AIMS: The aim of this study was to evaluate urodynamic findings in patients with infantile cerebral palsy (CP) and to correlate the findings with impaired motor function. METHODS: We conducted a videourodynamic investigation on a highly select group of 29 patients (3-53 years). Motor function was assessed in each patient ...
Ozel S K - - 2007
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Prevention of renal scarring is the main therapeutic goal in children with spina bifida. We aimed to determine factors affecting renal scar development in these patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Records of 312 children admitted between 1994 and 2005 with spina bifida were reviewed. Age on admission, gender, presence of ...
Coyne Karin S - - 2007
AIMS: Although the majority of patients with overactive bladder (OAB) are continent, most patient-reported outcome measures for OAB were designed for patients with urinary incontinence. The overactive bladder questionnaire (OAB-q) was developed to assess symptom bother and HRQL among both continent and incontinent OAB patients; however, the responsiveness of the ...
Domkundwar Shilpa V - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the role of transcutaneous perianal ultrasonography in evaluation of fistulas in ano and to assess its possible role as a first-line investigation, for follow-up, and as a possible substitute for magnetic resonance imaging. METHODS: Transcutaneous perianal ultrasonography was performed in 30 ...
Goel Rajiv - - 2007
Xanthogranulomatous cystitis (XC) is a rare benign chronic inflammatory disease of unknown etiology. We report a patient of XC managed with long-term antibiotics and augmentation cystoplasty. A 50-year-old man presented with urgency, frequency, hematuria and lower abdominal pain. Investigations revealed small capacity bladder with diverticula and cystoscopy showed inflamed bladder ...
Tong Yat-Ching - - 2007
AIMS: The urodynamic findings and voiding habits in patients with concomitant clinical benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) and detrusor overactivity (DO) presenting with or without the symptom of urgency were compared. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 84 BPH patients with an urodynamic diagnosis of DO by conventional cystometry were included in the study. ...
I┼čikay Levent - - 2007
AIM: To evaluate the association between lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) severity and bladder wall thickness (BWT). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study included 155 patients referred to outpatient clinics for LUTS. Patients were divided into three groups due to their IPSS. Group A included the patients with mild symptoms, group ...
Lewis Jack B - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: We sought to determine if there are differences in clinical and urodynamic parameters between women with urge predominant and those with stress predominant mixed urinary incontinence (MUI). METHODS: Charts of 99 female patients with complaints of MUI were reviewed. Patients were divided into two groups based on the subjective ...
Leiby Benjamin E - - 2007
PURPOSE: We identified morphologically distinct subgroups in interstitial cystitis using cluster analysis and investigated the associations between cluster membership and urinary symptoms. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Of 637 patients enrolled in the Interstitial Cystitis Data Base Study 203 (32%) provided bladder biopsies at baseline screening, representing the focus of this analysis. ...
Suzme Rafi - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Alterations in collagen synthesis and metabolism have previously been reported in patients with pelvic organ prolapse (POP) and/or urodynamic stress incontinence (USI). Since urinary incontinence does not always associate with POP, the objective of this study was to examine connective tissues from patients with USI plus POP, and patients ...
Kuo Hann-Chorng - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effect of urethral botulinum A toxin (BoNT-A) injection on idiopathic low detrusor contractility and the correlation of this effect with baseline urodynamic parameters. METHODS: Twenty-seven patients with idiopathic low detrusor contractility received urethral injection of BoNT-A. Videourodynamic studies were performed at baseline and after treatment. Recovery ...
Oh Seung-June - - 2007
AIMS: The aim of this study was to evaluate whether ambulatory urodynamic monitoring (AUM) may reflect patient perception of bladder condition and treatment benefit in patients with overactive bladder (OAB). METHODS: A total of 33 women and 7 men 23 to 72 years old who were undergoing AUM were included ...
Philip Joe - - 2007
AIM: To evaluate the effect of 0.3 M potassium chloride on cystometric parameters by comparing it with normal saline as a filling solution in women with overactive bladder (OAB). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Twenty-three women with significant OAB symptoms underwent consecutive cystometrograms (CMGs) using 0.9% normal saline (NS) and 0.3 M ...
Mustafa Mahmoud - - 2007
PURPOSE: To investigate the implication of topical urethral anesthetic gel on the evaluation of retrograde urethrography (RGU) MATERIAL AND METHODS: In this prospective study, 20 patients with a mean age of 46 years were enrolled. All these patients were subjected to RGU because of suspecting a urethral stricture. Of these ...
Tuygun Can - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: To determine the clinical importance of fibrosis on pelvic magnetic resonance imaging in patients with postprostatectomy incontinence (PPI) due to sphincteric incompetence. METHODS: Urethral and periurethral fibrosis was determined by pelvic magnetic resonance imaging in patients who did (n = 22) or did not (n = 14) have urinary ...
da Silva Giovanna Marques - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationship among the degree of posterior vaginal wall prolapse, anorectal symptoms, and physiology. STUDY DESIGN: This was a prospective study that included patients with fecal dysfunction and prolapse/urinary symptoms. A validated instrument for fecal incontinence and the ROME II criteria ...
Wada Yoshihiro - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate lower urinary tract dysfunction of type 1 familial amyloidotic polyneuropathy (FAP) patients in Kumamoto, Japan. METHODS: Lower urinary tract symptoms were evaluated in FAP patients. Urodynamic studies were evaluated in FAP patients as compared to those in control subjects. The location and distribution of amyloid deposits were ...
Choe Jin Ho - - 2007
The purpose of this study was to prospectively evaluate symptom change after discontinuation of extracorporeal magnetic stimulation (EMS) in women with overactive bladder (OAB). A total of 48 women with OAB were included. We applied 10 Hz of repetitive magnetic stimulation with a "magnetic chair" for 20 min, twice weekly ...
Deutekom Marije - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: Fecal incontinence is classified into various types: passive, urge, and combined. Its clinical presentation is thought to be related to the underlying physiological or anatomical abnormality. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the associations between the frequency of clinical symptoms and anatomic and functional characteristics of ...
Kessler Thomas M - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy and safety of sacral neuromodulation (SNM) in patients with refractory lower urinary tract dysfunction in Switzerland based on a nationwide registry. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 209 patients (181 females, 28 males) underwent SNM testing between July 2000 and December 2005 in Switzerland. Subjective ...
Vicentini Fabio C - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Klippel-Trenaunay-Weber syndrome (KTWS) is a congenital condition characterized by vascular malformations of the capillary, venous and lymphatic systems associated to soft tissue and bone hypertrophy in the affected areas. This syndrome may involve bladder, kidney, urethra, ureter and genitals. We report the treatment of 7 KTWS patients with urogenital ...
Koh Chester J - - 2006
PURPOSE: We compared urodynamic findings in patients who underwent prenatal closure of myelomeningocele with those of patients who underwent postnatal closure, and equivalent lower urinary tract evaluations. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Urodynamic studies of 5 patients (2 boys, 3 girls) who underwent prenatal closure of myelomeningocele were compared to those of ...
Raney Beverly - - 2006
PURPOSE: We determined the late sequelae in children and adolescents with rhabdomyosarcoma of the bladder/prostate treated in the United States, Canada and selected Western European countries, primarily France, Germany, Italy and the United Kingdom, from 1979 to 1998. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We used a data collection form to record data ...
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