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van Koeveringe Gommert A - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: To study the additional diagnostic value of ambulatory urodynamic measurements/monitoring (AUM) in patients with lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS). PATIENTS AND METHODS: We reviewed the urodynamic data, collected at the urology department of our University Hospital between 2002 and 2007. During this period, 2393 urodynamic investigations were conducted. In ...
Makino Tetsuya - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the pathophysiology of interstitial cystitis (IC), we examined urinary levels and urothelial expression of human orthologue of pancreatitis-associated protein (PAP) III, namely, hepatocarcinoma-intestine-pancreas (HIP)/PAP, in patients with IC. We have previously shown that PAP III is expressed with increased frequency in the bladder urothelium in a rat ...
Tsai Tsung-Hsun - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of ketamine abuse on genitourinary tract dysfunction. METHODS: Eleven patients with urinary tract symptoms and a history of ketamine abuse in recent years were studied. Urinalysis, urine culture, renal function tests, abdominal sonography and urodynamic studies were done. Bladder biopsies were carried out in selected ...
Ebert Anne K - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: There is a paucity of knowledge about long-term outcome issues in the bladder-exstrophy-epispadias complex (BEEC). Adult male BEEC patients were investigated in respect of bladder and renal function, fertility, genital function and psychosocial facts. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In a cross-sectional study, 17 adult male BEEC patients (mean age 23.4 ...
Panicker J N - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Lower urinary tract dysfunction (LUTD) in multiple sclerosis has been well documented. However, its occurrence and outcome in acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (ADEM) has only been variably reported. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate LUTD in ADEM, correlation with other neurological deficits, and outcome. METHODS: Patients with ADEM having significant LUTD were evaluated. ...
Nakipoglu G F - - 2009
We aimed to determine the prevalence of urinary symptoms and complications in multiple sclerosis (MS) and to investigate the correlation of these symptoms and complications with urodynamic findings and disease characteristics (primary progressive, relapsing-remitting and secondary progressive). Fifty-two patients with MS were enrolled in the study. Patients were divided into ...
Roosen Alexander - - 2009
PURPOSE: We investigated whether the adherens junction proteins cadherin-11 and beta-catenin can be immunohistochemically visualized in the human bladder using commercially available antibodies and, if so, whether there are differences between patients with overactive bladder and refractory detrusor overactivity, and controls without lower urinary tract symptoms. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In ...
Shoukry A I - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Reconstruction of bladder exstrophy remains a challenge. We evaluated our experience with complete primary repair in classic bladder exstrophy. METHODS: A retrospective data review was conducted of bladder exstrophy patients presenting at our institution between May 2000 and September 2007. Fifty-one patients (21 females and 30 males) with classic ...
Carver Mandi Doolin - - 2009
Intermittent self-catheterization is common for patients who have neurogenic bladder associated with traumatic brain injury (TBI). Intermittent self-catheterization is considered the gold standard for bladder drainage because of the significantly decreased incidence of urinary tract infection in comparison with other catheterization methods. Occupational therapists educate patients in how to complete ...
Onal Bulent - - 2009
To assess the outcome of urologic evaluation in patients with voiding dysfunction due to multiple sclerosis (MS) and to determine the relationship between urological and neurological parameters of these patients. We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 249 consecutive patients (162 female and 87 male) with MS who were referred ...
Vallet C - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Before undergoing sacral nerve stimulation (SNS) for faecal incontinence (FI), patients are investigated with morphologic, dynamic and electrophysiologic tests. The purpose of our study was to evaluate their value in the selection of patients who may benefit most from neuromodulation. METHOD: If temporary stimulation resulted in a good objective ...
Hadjizadeh Niloofar - - 2009
To identify the frequency of voiding dysfunction in patients with functional constipation, dysfunctional voiding soring system (DVSS) was surveyed in 85 patients with functional constipation. Urinalysis, culture and renal ultrasound were performed in all cases. If the child had urinary tract infection, voiding cystourethrography and DMSA scan were performed. Fifty ...
Gupta Parag - - 2009
To determine the impact of age and gender on the clinicopathological characteristics of histologically confirmed bladder cancer in India. From January 2001 to June 2008, records of patients with bladder cancer were evaluated for age and gender at presentation, clinical symptoms, cystoscopic finding, history of smoking, and histopathological characteristics. A ...
Gupta Anupam - - 2009
Assessment of bladder by urodynamic study (UDS) in patients with urinary incontinence following stroke, and correlation with site of lesion. Retrospective cross-sectional study in the neurological rehabilitation unit of a tertiary care institute. Forty patients (22 males) with arterial or venous, ischemic or hemorrhagic stroke, with urinary incontinence in the ...
Ekin Murat - - 2009
PURPOSE: To investigate the coexistentence of anal incontinence (AI) in patients with urinary incontinence (UI). MATERIALS AND METHODS: UDI 6 questionnaire was applied to consecutive 800 patients for the determination of symptomatic UI. Cases were also questioned for AI. The patients with the complaint of UI were evaluated for the ...
Oguike, TC; ;
Sixty-eight new patients with Urethral Stricture presented at the University of Benin Teaching Hospital Benin City, Nigeria between January 1994 and December 2003, an average of seven patients per year. Forty-two (61.9%) of these patients were aged between 21 and 50 years, 38 (55.9%) of the strictures were traumatic in ...
Simón Miguel A - - 2009
The aim of this study was to evaluate the temporal stability and the situational specificity of the intra-anal EMG-activity, as well as the individual specificity of this response in dyssynergic defecation patients. With this purpose, 26 individuals (13 with dyssynergic defecation and 13 without anorectal pathology) participated in two sessions ...
Kemmer Helene - - 2009
To investigate the incidence of overactive bladder (OAB) and urgency incontinence (UI) in men with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS). Prospective questionnaire study Saarland University Hospital All male patients who underwent full-night in-laboratory polysomnography between November 2006 and April 2007. Overactive bladder symptom score (OABSS) and International Consultation on Incontinence ...
Koh Cherry E - - 2009
PURPOSE: Fecal incontinence in systemic sclerosis can occur secondary to fibrous replacement of the internal sphincter or ischemic myopathy of internal anal sphincter from vasculitis. Both lead to morphologic changes of the internal anal sphincter on endoanal ultrasound. This study documents the morphologic changes that can occur. METHODS: A retrospective ...
John Hubert - - 2009
PURPOSE: Patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) and bladder outlet obstruction (BOO) frequently develop lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS). To elucidate the underlying pathomechanisms we focused on altered cellular communication between detrusor cells. METHODS: Bladder biopsies were collected from eight BPH patients with compensated BOO and from eight non-obstructed patients. ...
Gobet Rita - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To describe the urological and nephrological long-term outcome of patients born with classical bladder exstrophy treated with bilateral ureterosigmoidostomies in early childhood. PATIENTS AND METHOD: Out of 42 patients born with bladder exstrophy in Switzerland between 1937 and 1968, 25 participated in this study; seven had died, seven were ...
Lahdes-Vasama Tuija T - - 2009
AIMS: Examine bladder function behind an abnormal urine flow curve pattern or lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) in women with earlier vesicoureteral reflux (VUR). METHODS: Seventeen earlier female VUR patients with weak, fractionated or tower-shaped flow pattern, 10 patients with normal voiding and 2 patients with a big bladder were ...
Tilanus Martijn - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To study the clinical and urodynamic parameters of children who developed bladder diverticula (BD) after ureteral reimplantation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We have reviewed records of 15 children who underwent ureteric reimplantation, possibly with diverticulectomy between January 1998 and October 2004, who postoperatively developed BD and compared the results with ...
Wyndaele Jean-Jacques - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the cystoscopy and histology of bladder biopsies conducted following the European Society for the Study of Interstitial Cystitis/Painful Bladder Syndrome (ESSIC) recommendations. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This prospective study at a referral centre included 50 patients, with >12 on the O'Leary-Sant Interstitial Cystitis Symptom and Problem Indices and ...
Krogh Klaus - - 2009
Constipation and faecal incontinence are common symptoms among patients with spinal cord injury (SCI), myelomeningocoele (MMC), multiple sclerosis (MS), Parkinson's disease (PD) and stroke. Faecal incontinence in SCI, MMC and MS is mainly due to abnormal rectosigmoid compliance and rectoanal reflexes, loss of rectoanal sensibility and loss of voluntary control ...
Hameed Nazli - - 2009
The study has been undertaken to determine the reproducibility of lower urinary tract symptoms in female patients after urodynamic investigations. A Descriptive study with retrospective analysis of data. Combined Military Hospital Rawalpindi and Armed Forces Institute of Urology, Rawalpindi. Fifty consecutive women with a primary history of urinary incontinence were ...
Schimpf Megan O - - 2009
AIMS: The relationship of detrusor overactivity (DO) to neuromuscular causes is well established, but a connection to kidney function has not yet been studied. We sought to evaluate whether patients with DO have differences in estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR). METHODS: After Institutional Review Board approval, we collected data from ...
Iguchi Yohei - - 2009
Intravenous glucose administration is the most common cause of hypophosphataemia in hospitalised patients. While most of these cases are asymptomatic, severe hypophosphataemia, when combined with phosphorus depletion, can cause acute neuropathy that mimics Guillain-Barré syndrome. A malnourished patient who received intravenous hyperalimentation (IVH) without intravenous phosphate (IP) developed hypophosphataemia and ...
Sakakibara Ryuji - - 2009
AIM: To examine the prevalence and mechanism of urinary dysfunction in GBS. METHODS: Urinary symptoms were observed and neurological examinations made repeatedly during hospitalization of 65 consecutive patients with clinico-neurophysiologically definite GBS. The patients included 41 men, 24 women; mean age, 41 years old; mean Hughes motor grade, 3; AIDP, ...
Zámecník L - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: The goal of the study was to assess the course of painful syndrome in patients with bladder pain syndrome/interstitial cystitis and to assess the changes in endoscopic and histopathological findings in relation to the type of treatment. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We included a total of 58 patients with histologically ...
Kabay Sibel Canbaz - - 2009
AIMS: Lower urinary tract dysfunction is often occurs in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD), that is primarily induced by neurogenic detrusor overactivity (NDO) and negatively effect the quality of the patient's life. The aim of this study is to evaluate the acute effects of posterior tibial nerve stimulation (PTNS) on ...
Groenendijk Annette G - - 2009
AIM: To study the pathophysiology of defecation disorders in patients with primary pelvic organ prolapse (POP) and the diagnostic potential of anorectal function testing (AFT) including endosonography in the work-up of these patients. METHODS: 59 Patients were evaluated with a validated questionnaire, clinical examination, AFT and endosonography. RESULTS: Women with ...
Raza Naeem - - 2009
Guidelines recommend anorectal manometry in patients with fecal incontinence and chronic constipation. However, limited evidence supports the utility of manometric testing. We retrospectively reviewed tracings obtained between November 2005 and May 2008. A total of 298 patients (86% women; average age 52 years) were included. The main indications were incontinence ...
Takahashi Satoshi - - 2008
The aim of this study was to confirm the clinical efficacy of a single-dose azithromycin (AZM) regimen (1000 mg) for patients with nongonococcal urethritis in real-life practice. The study finally evaluated 55 patients, 42 who were symptomatic and 13 who were asymptomatic, after excluding 40 who visited clinics only once. ...
Yin Yafu - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To identify the brain areas that control bladder storage by technetium-99m hexamethylpropyleneamine oxime single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) with the Neurological Statistical Image Analysis software (NEUROSTAT) in patients with detrusor overactivity (DO). METHODS: SPECT scans were performed on 19 patients with DO. Eight patients with normal detrusor function, who ...
Schulze M - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Over 70% of the general population worldwide is positive for antibodies against polyomavirus hominis type 1 (BKV). Polyomavirus can be reactivated in immunocompromised patients and thereby induce urogenital tract infection, including cystitis. PURPOSE: To describe the computed tomography (CT) findings of human polyomavirus-induced cystitis in adult patients after allogeneic ...
Roosen Alexander - - 2009
BACKGROUND: An increasing body of evidence suggests a possible role of suburothelial myofibroblasts (MFs) in bladder mechanosensation and in the pathophysiology of detrusor overactivity (DO). OBJECTIVE: To determine whether markers of MFs, including gap junction protein connexin43 (Cx43) and c-kit have altered immunohistochemical expression in the suburothelium of patients with ...
Athanasakos E P - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Although surgery for congenital anorectal anomalies (ARAs) aims to preserve anorectal function, faecal incontinence and constipation often result. Apart from the anal sphincters, continence is dependent on multiple anatomical and physiological factors. The aim of this study was to evaluate adults with a history of ARA to determine the ...
Zaslau Stanley - - 2008
PURPOSE: The degree of sexual dysfunction in patients with Painful Bladder Syndrome (PBS) has not been documented previously. The Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI) was used to measure the degree of female sexual dysfunction (FSD) in these patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The FSFI was administered on-line to female patients with ...
Streeper Necole M - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that patients with bladder cancer who had evidence of lymphovascular invasion (LVI) in their transurethral resection of bladder tumour (TURBT) and radical cystectomy (RC) specimens would have a worse prognosis and higher likelihood of clinical understaging, and to assess the effect of LVI discovered at ...
Matalka I - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: The aim of the paper was to highlight the clinicopathological features of urinary bladder cancer in Jordan as a model for the Middle East. Only scattered reports from this region are currently available. METHODS: A total of 115 patients with bladder cancer were managed at our hospital, between the ...
Gowda Basavaraj D R - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To report a large, single-centre experience with a continent, catheterizable abdominal conduit in adult patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the case notes of all 65 patients who had surgery to create a continent catheterizable conduit based on the Mitrofanoff principle. Operations were carried out over a 13-year ...
Kuhn Annette - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Aim of the study was to compare Connexin 43 (Cx43) in human bladder tissue of urodynamically proven idiopathic detrusor overactivity to those of urodynamically stable bladders. STUDY DESIGN: We compared bladder biopsies of patients with detrusor overactivity and those with stable bladder analysing Cx43 message by RNA extraction and ...
Anast Jason W - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The transobturator sling (TOS) is safe and effective for the treatment of female stress urinary incontinence (SUI). Controversy exists regarding its efficacy in patients with low valsalva leak point pressure (VLPP), a marker of intrinsic sphincter deficiency (ISD). We review our experience of TOS in the treatment of women ...
Austin J Christopher - - 2008
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Bladder augmentation is still a commonly performed reconstructive procedure for pediatric patients with severe bladder dysfunction. Recent developments in the long-term risks associated with this procedure are reviewed. RECENT FINDINGS: There are metabolic changes in these patients after incorporation of bowel into the urinary tract. Linear growth ...
Pannek J - - 2009
Case report. To demonstrate that massive constipation is a rare cause for bladder dysfunction. Paraplegic centre in Switzerland. In two patients presenting with acute deterioration of bladder dysfunction, evaluation demonstrated compression of the urinary tract by massively distended colon due to excessive constipation. Colorectal dysfunction may intensify neurogenic urinary tract ...
Giberti Claudio - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To report intermediate-term results with reference to quality of life (QoL) and complications in 232 consecutive patients with stress urinary incontinence (SUI) treated with a transvaginal pubic bone-anchored sling (BAS). METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 232 consecutive patients affected by SUI who underwent BAS using biologic and synthetic materials, with ...
Gunendran Thiru - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether increased hydrostatic pressure by simple manual compression ("bag squeeze") of the irrigation solution bag (500 mL of 0.9% saline) during passage of the flexible cystoscope will reduce patient discomfort. METHODS: A total of 151 male patients undergoing diagnostic and review flexible cystoscopies were randomized to "squeeze" ...
Lucioni A - - 2008
In the last decade we have seen the emergence of botulinum toxin (BTX) as a successful treatment of patients with neurogenic and idiopathic detrusor overactivity that are refractory to antimuscarinic medication. The success of BTX in this patient population has led to use BTX in patients with other causes of ...
Coyne K S - - 2008
AIMS: Relationships were evaluated between treatment-related improvements in overactive bladder (OAB) symptoms as recorded in bladder diaries and patient-reported symptom bother, bladder-related problems and health-related quality of life (HRQL). METHODS: A post hoc analysis was performed on data from patients with OAB (n = 863) enrolled in a 12-week open-label ...
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