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Kogan Barry A - - 2011
To evaluate whether the bladder size on the voiding cystourethrogram (VCUG) might be a proxy for voiding abnormalities. Voiding abnormalities have been implicated in the development of hydronephrosis, reflux, and urinary tract infections. We evaluated the volume of contrast infused for 617 consecutive VCUGs. We compared the actual volume infused ...
Higuchi T T - - 2010
We determined if ileal/colonic bladder augmentation performed in patients with congenital bladder abnormalities is an independent risk factor for bladder malignancy. We reviewed a registry of patients with bladder dysfunction due to neurological abnormalities, exstrophy and posterior urethral valves. Individuals treated with augmentation cystoplasty were matched (1:1) to a control ...
Kuhn Annette - - 2011
Measurement of bladder wall thickness (BWT) using transvaginal ultrasound has previously been shown to discriminate between women with confirmed detrusor overactivity and those with urodynamic stress incontinence. Aim of the current study was to determine if vaginally measured BWT correlates with urodynamic diagnoses in a female population. Between December 2008 ...
Oh Mi Mi - - 2011
To assess the factors associated with the presence of idiopathic detrusor overactivity (IDO) in male patients with clinical benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). We prospectively evaluated 193 men who presented with lower urinary tract symptoms. Each patient underwent urodynamic evaluation, International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS), uroflowmetry, residual volume check, and transrectal ...
Lee Kuang-Lun - - 2011
AIMS Patients with Sjögren's syndrome (SS) are reported to have an increased severity of irritating bladder symptoms, including urinary frequency and urgency. The mechanism remains unclear. The aim of this study is to elucidate the possible etiologies underlying this problem. Data from 23 female patients with SS (15 primary and ...
Emami-Naeini Parisa - - 2010
Sacral agenesis is an uncommon congenital disorder that involves multiple organs. We studied neurological manifestations of the disease, common associated disorders, and their relation with extent of bony malformation. We investigated neurological manifestations of 50 patients with sacral agenesis. Patients were evaluated for previous procedures, ambulation, limb abnormalities, vertebral alignment, ...
Zeng Wanzhen - - 2010
This study was carried out to determine the frequency, characteristics and possible causes and clinical significance of occasionally observed posterior layering of excreted 2-deoxy-2-[F]fluoro-D-glucose (F-FDG) in the bladder. A review of 567 consecutive patients referred for positron emission tomography/computerized tomography studies was performed. Urinary bladder size was measured in patients ...
Tritschler Stefan - - 2010
to determine the influence of the knowledge of the endoscopic findings and the influence of the patient's history on the cytologist's judgement, as urinary cytology is known to be subjective and has several limitations, in particular a high inter- and intra-observer variability. we analysed the cytological and histological findings of ...
Mullen Ajit - - 2010
We determined Hounsfield numbers, using cone beam CT (CBCT), in the bladder of 27 muscle invasive bladder cancer patients treated with online adaptive radiotherapy using a Varian linear accelerator. The CBCT number of urine was found to increase by 130 from the thinnest to the largest patient (249 mm to ...
Burton Claire - - 2011
The Nocturnal Bladder Capacity Index (NBCi) has been reported to be useful in distinguishing between nocturia caused by low bladder capacity and nocturnal polyuria. This paper aims to calculate reference values for NBCi from an asymptomatic population by comparing these with NBCi values from patients with lower urinary tract symptoms ...
Deffontaines Rufin S - - 2010
If the pathophysiology of bladder cooling reflex (BCR) elicited during an ice water test (IWT) is well-known (triggered by activation of cold receptors within the bladder wall supplied by unmyelinated C fiber afferents) and is widely used for the diagnosis of upper motor neurological lesions, the significance of having a ...
Castagnetti Marco - - 2010
We assessed LUTS at least 12 months after RTx in patients without evidence of lower urinary tract dysfunction (non-urologic) that had been anuric for at least six months before RTx. No bladder recycling was performed before RTx. LUTS were evaluated using a questionnaire. Clinical records were also reviewed. LUTS in ...
Mehnert Ulrich - - 2010
PURPOSE: Patients with multiple sclerosis often experience overactive bladder symptoms. High dose intradetrusor botulinum toxin A treatment is effective but often results in urinary retention and urinary diversion via a catheter. In this pilot study we evaluated whether only 100 U botulinum toxin A would significantly decrease overactive bladder symptoms ...
Rink Michael - - 2011
What's known on the subject? and What does the study add? Circulating tumour cells (CTC) have prognostic relevance for patients with different metastatic carcinomas. Detection of CTC using the CellSearch system has also been reported in bladder cancer, but mainly in patients with metastatic disease. This is the largest report ...
Tsiriopoulos Ioannis - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: To date, there are no published data assessing lower urinary tract involvement in patients with autoimmune bullous dermatoses (ABD). METHODS: Fourteen of 30 consecutive patients diagnosed with ABD between October 2007 and December 2008 consented to undergo a diagnostic video-recorded urethrocystoscopy: 9 patients (7 women and 2 men) with ...
Chaudhary B N - - 2010
This was a prospective study to determine the prevalence of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) in patients with faecal incontinence and to investigate the association of IBS positivity with sphincter dysfunction. Patients with faecal incontinence were referred for physiological assessment and further management. Those with an acute obstetric injury, rectal prolapse ...
Tanaka Yoshinori - - 2010
To investigate the urodynamic effects of solifenacin in untreated female patients with symptomatic overactive bladder (OAB). A total of 52 untreated female patients with OAB symptoms were given 5 mg solifenacin once daily for 12 weeks. Before and after treatment, the frequency volume chart, overactive bladder symptom score (OABSS), postvoid ...
Bauer Ricarda M - - 2011
The aim of the study was a prospective assessment of patient-reported side effects in an open-label study after intradetrusor botulinum toxin injections for idiopathic overactive bladder (OAB). Botulinum toxin A injection was performed in 56 patients with idiopathic OAB. Patients were followed up for 6 months concerning side effects and ...
Wyndaele Michel - - 2011
The anorectum and the lower urinary tract (LUT) are closely related. Clinically, it is important for caregivers to identify the presence of concomitant pathology as early in the diagnostic process as possible. This study evaluates lower bowel symptoms (LBS) in women with different types of urinary incontinence (UI), and compares ...
Meng Nai-Hsin - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: To delineate the frequency, clinical risk factors, and urodynamic mechanisms of incomplete bladder emptying (IBE) among patients with recent stroke. DESIGN: Retrospective study. SETTING: Inpatient setting in the rehabilitation ward of a university hospital. PARTICIPANTS: All patients with acute stroke admitted for rehabilitation between January and December 2005, excluding ...
Mouracade Pascal - - 2010
This study aims to assess the role of the introital ultrasound in the evaluation of patients with low urinary tract symptoms after sling surgery for incontinence. From 2000 till 2007, a total of 31 patients underwent sub-urethral tape placement for stress urinary incontinence and developed thereafter lower urinary tract symptoms. ...
Ji Huixiang - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To treat neobladder emptying failure after radical cystectomy in patients with bladder cancer. The etiology of neobladder emptying failure should be identified. METHODS: We analyzed the outcome of neobladder emptying in 231 male patients who received neobladder reconstruction after radical cystectomy. The clinical characteristics, urodynamic evaluation, and treatment information ...
Caruso Daniel J - - 2010
The aim of this study was to determine the predictive value of urodynamics to reproduce clinical findings of urinary frequency (UF), urge urinary incontinence (UUI), and/or stress urinary incontinence (SUI). We retrospectively reviewed the data of patients diagnosed with UF, UUI, and/or SUI and subsequently underwent urodynamics. Urodynamic findings were ...
Ke Qian-Sheng - - 2010
Detrusor-sphincter dyssynergia (DSD) and bladder neck dysfunction (BND) may cause voiding dysfunction in patients with spinal cord injury (SCI). We report the surgical outcomes in patients with high-level SCI who underwent transurethral incision of the bladder neck (TUI-BN). Twenty-two patients with SCI at or above the mid-thoracic level who presented ...
Kim Tae Gu - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: To determine the effect of unilateral hemispheric lesion on voiding dysfunction by comparing urodynamic parameters in dominant, non-dominant and bilateral hemispheric stroke patients. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of patients from a magnetic resonance imaging and urodynamic study. We identified 69 cases among 192 stroke patients who ...
Waldenstr?m Ann-Charlotte - - 2010
In preparation for studies of dose volume of ionizing radiation and long-term side effects, we assessed both variation in position and volume of organs at risk in the small pelvis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: On 10 men and seven women we delineated the sigmoid, rectum, anal sphincter, bladder, penile bulb, and ...
Steensma Anneke B - - 2010
Major levator ani abnormalities (LAA) may lead to abnormal pelvic floor muscle contraction (pfmC) and secondarily to stress urinary incontinence (SUI), prolapse, or fecal incontinence (FI). A retrospective observational study included 352 symptomatic patients to determine prevalence of LAA in underactive pfmC and the relationship with symptoms. On 2D/3D transperineal ...
Kuo Hann-Chorng - - 2010
PURPOSE: To compare the differences in urinary nerve growth factor (NGF) and detrusor wall thickness (DWT) between patients with overactive bladder (OAB) and controls to evaluate their suitability as biomarkers in OAB. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 81 patients including normal controls (n = 28), patients with OAB dry ...
Van Meel Tom David - - 2010
AIMS: The C-fiber-mediated bladder-cooling reflex and the determination of the current perception thresholds (CPTs) permit to investigate afferent LUT pathways. They have both been proposed to detect and differentiate neurologic bladder dysfunction. This study evaluates, prospectively, the effect of oxybutynin, an antimuscarinic with direct antispasmodic effect on smooth muscle, on ...
Martens F M J - - 2010
AIMS: Conditional stimulation of dorsal genital nerves suppresses undesired detrusor contractions (UDC) and consequently increases bladder capacity and prevents incontinence. No clinically applicable sensor exists for reliable bladder activity monitoring as a trigger for conditional stimulation. Primary objective of this study was to determine whether bladder sensation concomitant with UDC ...
Han Kyung-Sik - - 2010
The aim of this study is to compare the urodynamic parameters in ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke patients with bladder dysfunction. We retrospectively reviewed medical records such as computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and urodynamic study and identified 84 cases among 150 stroke patients underwent urodynamic test due ...
Ho Chen-Hsun - - 2010
AIMS: The purpose was to analyze urodynamic findings in female diabetic patients with OAB symptoms. METHODS: Data from 94 female diabetic patients who underwent urodynamic studies in evaluation of various LUTS were retrospectively reviewed. Urodynamic findings, demographic data, and clinical symptoms were compared between patients with and without OAB. RESULTS: ...
Oliveira Paulo - - 2010
To determine the prevalence of erectile dysfunction (ED) in human T-cell lymphotropic virus type I (HTLV-I)-infected patients, and its association with overactive bladder (OB). In a cross-sectional study, 111 male patients with positive serology for HTLV-I (by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and Western blot) were examined between October 2003 and December ...
Jacobs Bruce L - - 2010
Studies have suggested that pathology of the lower urinary tract can be detected by following changes in urinary proteins. We evaluated urine nerve growth factor (NGF) levels from patients with a variety of urologic conditions to examine NGF's role as a future biomarker. Urine samples were obtained from 72 patients ...
Lee Seung Ryeol - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate differences in bladder filling sensations and current perception threshold (CPT) values between patients with and without overactive bladder (OAB), and to further investigate the correlation between CPT values and voiding patterns in OAB patients. METHODS: Detrusor overactivity and bladder volumes at first sensation of bladder filling, first ...
Kang Min-Yong - - 2010
The goal of this study was to evaluate the clinical and urodynamic features in Korean men with lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) and to determine non-invasive parameters for predicting bladder outlet obstruction (BOO). Four hundred twenty nine Korean men with LUTS over 50 yr of age underwent clinical evaluations for ...
Novara Giacomo - - 2010
Orthotopic bladder reconstruction is the preferred method of urinary diversion following radical cystectomy (RC). Several papers reported functional data of different orthotopic neobladders, although to date, no one has used validated questionnaires. To evaluate the midterm functional results in a contemporary series of patients undergoing RC and vescica ileale Padovana ...
Pannek Jürgen - - 2010
In a small subset of patients with neurogenic lower urinary tract dysfunction, insertion of suprapubic catheters (SPC) cannot be avoided. If SPC has to be utilized, catheter clamping and anticholinergic medication are often recommended, but evidence supporting this view is scarce. We determined the influence of anticholinergic medication and catheter ...
Allgayer H - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: In fecal incontinence the role of elastography has not yet been evaluated. We performed a trial to further characterize the internal and external anal sphincter in patients with fecal incontinence and compared a visual assessment scale with a computerized program for quantifying elastic properties of the anal sphincter. MATERIAL ...
Miyagawa I - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: We evaluated the effects of intra-vesical injection of botulinum toxin type A in the detrusor muscle in patients with neurogenic overactive bladder (OAB), patients with non-neurogenic overactive bladder and patients with interstitial cystitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between January 2003 and December 2006 we treated 30 patients with 100 I. ...
Singhania Piyush - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: To identify the incidence and the type of voiding dysfunction by doing urodynamic studies (UDS) in head injury patients. The purpose of this paper is to present our findings and promote research in this field. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A prospective study was conducted recruiting patients sustaining head injuries with ...
Garc?a-Montes M J - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficiency of endorectal ultrasound (ERUS) in the study of chronic idiopathic anal pain (CIAP). MATERIAL AND METHOD: This is a prospective and descriptive study in which 40 patients, 18 men and 22 women with an average of 47 years, were included. They had chronic anal pain ...
Kuo Hann-Chorng - - 2010
The clinical diagnosis of overactive bladder (OAB) greatly varies and is based on subjective symptoms. A more objective method to diagnose and assess therapeutic outcome in OAB patients, especially for health care providers not trained in urology, needs to be found. Evidence has shown that urinary proteins such as nerve ...
Guralnick Michael L - - 2010
This paper aims to determine if there are differences between female overactive bladder (OAB) patients with and without urodynamic detrusor overactivity (DO). A retrospective chart review was performed on 146 women with OAB. All patients completed an American Urological Association symptom score, 48-h bladder diary (documenting voided volumes, incontinent episodes, ...
de Jong Tom P V M - - 2009
In any type of lower urinary tract dysfunction it is mandatory to obtain as much information as possible on the function of the urinary tract. By definition of the International Continence Society, any investigation that produces such information is part of urodynamics. Thus, voiding and defecation history, physical examination, voiding ...
Al-Ba'adani Tawfik H - - 2010
In order to evaluate the etiology of urethral stricture in our society and outcome of different types of surgical reconstruction used to treat them. This prospective study was carried out in the Urology and Nephrology Center, at Al-Thawra Modern General and Teaching Hospital, Sana'a, Yemen from July 2003 to July ...
Braschinsky Mark - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Hereditary spastic paraplegia (HSP) comprises a group of rare neurodegenerative disorders characterised by progressive spasticity and hyperreflexia of the legs. Neurogenic bladder dysfunction is a well recognised problem in patients with HSP but it has not yet been described systematically in the literature. The aim of this study was ...
Camanni Daniela - - 2009
PURPOSE: Followup of total urogenital mobilization for persistent urogenital sinus is well established anatomically and functionally. Nevertheless, studies comparing bladder function in different subsets of patients with urogenital sinus, such as congenital adrenal hyperplasia and cloaca, are scant. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We reviewed the records of patients with congenital adrenal ...
Schlager T A - - 2009
PURPOSE: Bacteriuria is common in patients with neurogenic bladder who are on clean intermittent catheterization for bladder emptying. In a longitudinal study patients carried 1 or 2 clones of Escherichia coli in the urine during months of surveillance. An explanation for persistent bacteriuria in this population could be that periurethral ...
Giannantoni Antonella - - 2009
PURPOSE: Urinary disturbances are common in patients with Parkinson's disease and multiple system atrophy. We investigated the effectiveness and safety of botulinum toxin type A injected into the detrusor muscle in patients with Parkinson's disease and multiple system atrophy who had refractory overactive bladder symptoms and detrusor overactivity. MATERIALS AND ...
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