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Mazhar Kashif K Pediatric Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohio, - - 2014
Most airway stenoses are acquired secondary to the use of prolonged endotracheal intubation. Antibiotics have been shown to decrease local inflammation and granulation tissue formation in the trachea. However, antibiotic therapy is not 100% effective in preventing or treating granulation tissue formation. Development of bacterial biofilms may explain this finding. ...
Whiteson Katrine L KL Department of Biology, San Diego State University, San Diego, CA, - - 2014
The airways of cystic fibrosis (CF) patients are chronically colonized by patient-specific polymicrobial communities. The conditions and nutrients available in CF lungs affect the physiology and composition of the colonizing microbes. Recent work in bioreactors has shown that the fermentation product 2,3-butanediol mediates cross-feeding between some fermenting bacteria and Pseudomonas ...
Sharma Prashant P Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
A 60-year-old patient presented with progressive worsening, non-healing ulcer on her shin with surrounding erythema following a minor trauma and was treated with several antibiotics for presumed cellulitis with no improvement. A skin biopsy eventually suggested pyoderma gangrenosum and a colonic biopsy showed an underlying ulcerative colitis.
Numata Shigeki S Department of Dermatology, Fujita Health University School of Medicine, Toyoake, - - 2013
Objectives: We investigated the facial skin microbiota of Japanese acne patients. Methods: Skin swab samples were obtained from 100 acne patients and 28 healthy controls to evaluate Propionibacterium and Staphylococcus spp. using a culture method. Malassezia spp. were evaluated using a nonculture method. Antibiotic resistance of Propionibacterium spp. was also ...
Tikaram A A University of Malaya, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. - - 2013
To determine the pattern of cellular infiltration in nasal polyposis among Malaysian population and to compare the pattern of cellular infiltration in nasal polyposis between Malaysian and other Asian countries. This is retrospective study done on patients diagnosed with nasal polyposis from January 2008 to June 2012 in University Malaya ...
Lee Yu-Ji - - 2013
Acute pyelonephritis (APN) generally involves a single kidney, but it can be bilateral. The aim of the present study was to evaluate differences in clinical presentation, progress and outcome for bilateral APN compared with unilateral APN. The medical records of all patients over 19 years of age, hospitalised for APN ...
Souza Alexandre Wagner S de - - 2013
Testicular vasculitis is a very rare extra-articular manifestation of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). We describe the case of a 53-year-old man diagnosed with RA for eight years, who was poorly controlled and developed rheumatoid vasculitis, which manifested as leg ulcers and peripheral polyneuropathy. The patient also had acute neutrophilic meningitis and ...
Ramírez P - - 2013
Biofilm formation on external ventricular drainages (EVDs) has been postulated as the main pathogenic mechanism for EVD-associated ventriculitis. However, biofilm on EVDs has never been systematically studied and the in vivo effect of antibiotic-impregnated EVDs on biofilm has not been assessed. The aim of this study was to measure the ...
Sherid Muhammed - - 2013
Ischemic colitis accounts for 6%-18% of causes of acute lower gastrointestinal bleeding. It is more often multifactorial and more common in elderly. Drugs are considered important causative agents of this disease with different mechanisms. In this paper, we describe a 37-year-old otherwise healthy female presented with sudden onset diffuse abdominal ...
Fukushima Hiroko - - 2013
Severe acute pancreatitis is one of the critical conditions that may develop in children with cancer. The leading cause of death due to acute pancreatitis is infectious pancreatitis or circulation collapse. Therefore, patients who develop acute pancreatitis while undergoing chemotherapy or after hematopoietic transplantation are at risk for a life-threatening ...
Takahashi Kazuhiro - - 2013
Abstract Synbiotics are combinations of probiotics and prebiotics that have recently been used in the context of various gastrointestinal diseases, including infectious enteritis, inflammatory bowel disease, and bowel obstruction. We encountered a patient with recurrent D-lactic acidosis who was treated successfully for long periods using synbiotics. The patient was diagnosed ...
Hadano Yoshiro - - 2013
A 40-year-old man with severe alcoholic liver cirrhosis with a 2-day history of fatigue and abdominal pain was admitted. He reported eating sushi and sliced raw chicken a few days previously. His abdomen was distended, with shifting dullness. Based on the patient's history, physical examination and the results of abdominocentesis, ...
Ferreira Alexandre Oliveira - - 2013
Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP) is a frequent form of decompensation of end-stage liver disease, with an incidence of 15-20% and a short-term mortality of 10-33%. The usual causative agents (90% of SBP) are enteric Gram-negative bacteria-Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae. Brucella is known to be a possible, but exceedingly rare, ...
Miyahara Masazumi - - 2013
This report presents a case of atypical Kawasaki disease (KD) in a 4-year-old boy developing with severe colitis accompanied by frequent diarrhoea and hypokalemic dehydration. Abdominal ultrasonography showed findings of left colon mucosal thickening and prominent dilatation of the colon. Antibiotic treatment was not effective. Some symptoms of KD appeared ...
Rezaei M - - 2013
Despite the fact that the prognosis of bacterial meningitis has been improved by the influence of antibiotics, this disease is still one of the significant causes of morbidity and mortality in children. Rapid differentiation between bacterial and aseptic meningitis, and the need for immediate antibiotic treatment in the former, is ...
Vesterbacka Jan J Unit of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Karolinska University Hospital, Huddinge, Stockholm, Sweden. - - 2013
We investigated whether there are differences in the effects on microbial translocation (MT) and enterocyte damage by different antiretroviral therapy (ART) regimens after 1.5 years and whether antibiotic use has impact on MT. In a randomized clinical trial (NCT01445223) on first line ART, patients started either lopinavir/r (LPV/r) (nā€Š=ā€Š34) or ...
Kotb Ahmed Fouad AF University of Alexandria, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Urology, Alexandria, - - 2013
The role of fungal infection as a causative factor for prostatitis is currently underestimated. The aim of our work was to evaluate the response to an antifungal regimen in the setting of patients presenting with symptoms of chronic pelvic pain syndrome that have been refractory to treatment with antibiotics and ...
Wilson Karen - - 2013
PURPOSE.: To determine if accurate serum antibiotic levels can be obtained from central venous catheters (CVCs) in pediatric patients with cystic fibrosis. DESIGN AND METHODS.: Fifty paired CVC-peripheral vancomycin or tobramycin specimens were collected within 5 min of each other following a 5-ml flush and discard. Specimen samples were randomized by ...
Spagnolo Paolo - - 2012
Long-term macrolide treatment was first shown to alter the natural history of diffuse panbronchiolitis (DPB) in the late '80s. Since then, macrolides have been demonstrated to exert anti-inflammatory and immunomodulatory activity in addition to being antimicrobial. Indeed, their spectrum of action extends to regulation of leukocyte function and production of ...
Barwad Parag W PW Department of Cardiology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India. - - 2012
A 55 year old male patient with a diagnosis of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy was admitted with features of sepsis related to cholangitis. Initial management with intravenous (i.v.) fluids and antibiotics did not cause any change in his general condition mandating an emergency endoscopic retrograde cholangio-pancreatography (ERCP). After successful retrieval of CBD ...
Yulish Michael - - 2012
To document the types of ocular trauma that occurs during the olive-harvesting season in a region of the Middle East. Ophthalmic assessments of all patients were performed by one ophthalmologist. Examinations included visual acuity, slit-lamp evaluation of the anterior segment, intraocular pressure measurement and posterior segment assessment after pupil dilatation. ...
Tomita Takeshi - - 2012
The favorable effect of fish oils rich in n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) on the development of atrial fibrillation (AF) is controversial. The relationship between the serum concentrations of n-3 PUFAs and the incidence of AF is unclear; therefore, in the present study, we aimed to elucidate this relationship. We ...
Vera-Lastra O - - 2012
Objective: To investigate the clinical, laboratory and histological manifestations of patients who received illegal injections of foreign substances for cosmetic purposes. Patients and methods: We studied patients who met the following inclusion criteria: 1) history of application of foreign substances for cosmetic purposes, 2) clinical data of autoimmune disease or ...
Hoffmann M - - 2012
Early diagnosis and prediction of traumatic brain injury (TBI) is essential for determining treatment strategies and allocating resources. This study evaluated the predictive accuracy of Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) verbal, motor and eye components alone, or in addition to pupil size and reactivity, for TBI. A retrospective cohort analysis of ...
Cleuziou Caroline - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the usefulness of the polymyalgia rheumatica (PMR) activity score (PMR-AS) in guiding adjustment of glucocorticoid (GC) dosage. METHODS: Rheumatologists prospectively included patients receiving GC therapy for PMR. At each visit, they assessed disease activity using a visual analog scale for physician's global assessment (VASph) and recorded whether ...
Gheita Tamer A - - 2011
The constituents of Nigella sativa modulate the immune system. The aim of the present work was to study the effectiveness of Nigella sativa oil in RA patients. Data from 40 female RA patients diagnosed according to the 2010 ACR/EULAR were analysed and discussed. The patients took two placebo (starch filled) ...
Al-Gayyar Mohammed M H - - 2011
Context: Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is increasingly prevalent in Egypt, in parallel with increasing obesity. NAFLD can lead to liver inflammation, fibrosis and cirrhosis. NAFLD appears tightly linked with metabolic syndrome (MetS). Objective: Examine the impact of dietary fish oil on human patients with MetS and NAFLD. Materials and ...
Ebtehaj M - - 2011
OBJECTIVES AND BACKGROUND: Glasgow coma scale (GCS) is considered an important parameter to predict the clinical outcome in head injury; however, in some cases such as the use of sedative drugs the estimate of GCS would not be precise. Bispectral index (BIS) is an electrophysiological parameter to determine the clinical ...
Ghoshal Uday C - - 2011
Intestinal metaplasia (IM), a precursor of gastric cancer (GC), may be amenable to non-invasive assessment. We evaluated the diagnostic utility of serum PG-I, PG-II, PG-I/PG-II ratio and gastrin-17 (G-17) to detect IM and atrophy. The study was conducted at a tertiary care center located in low-incidence area of GC, endemic ...
O'Connor Kerri - - 2011
To assess the patterns of dietary (DS) and herbal supplement (HS) use in MS patients, compare use between MS patients and healthy controls and to identify potential interactions with drugs used to treat MS. This study included 279 MS subjects and 161 controls from a study of risk factors in ...
Skalli Souad - - 2011
An epileptic seizure is reported in a 38-year-old woman, known to be an epileptic patient. Although she was under antiepileptic treatment and had well-controlled epilepsy, she developed a typical generalised tonic-clonic seizure and remained unconscious for 45 minutes following ingestion of a number of cakes containing an unknown quantity of ...
Masaoka Yuri - - 2011
This study aimed to test whether type 1 myotonic dystrophy (DM1) patients who have a lower sensitivity to emotional facial expressions have an abnormal olfactory threshold or recognition level. We measured DM1 patients' performances in an olfactory acuity test and respiratory responses to odor stimuli, and compared their results to ...
Adler Douglas G - - 2011
To evaluate a new variable stiffness duodenoscope. Variable stiffness colonoscopies have been in use for nearly a decade. We report the initial experience with a new, variable stiffness duodenoscope for use during endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP). Retrospective, single tertiary referral academic center. Among the first 50 patients to undergo ERCP ...
Kirkegaard Ellen - - 2011
Patients treated with haemodialysis are at high risk of sudden cardiac death (SCD) often caused by arrhythmias. Atrial fibrillation (AF) is frequent among haemodialysis patients and is associated with increased mortality. Prolonged QTc is a risk marker of ventricular arrhythmia and is thereby associated with SCD. Studies have suggested that ...
Björnsson Einar - - 2011
Steroid responsive biliary strictures in patients fulfilling criteria for primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) have been reported. The clinical course and response to therapy in patients with PSC with elevated immunoglobulin G4 (IgG4) levels has not been investigated previously. Patients with PSC were screened for IgG4-related biliary disease during 2006 to ...
Mostafa Marwa S - - 2011
Ascitic fluid infections (AFIs) are the frequent complications of advanced liver disease. Bacterial translocation is considered a key step in the pathogenesis of gut-derived bacterial infections; mainly spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP) in cirrhotic patients. Bacterial DNA (bactDNA) in ascitic fluid and serum has been suggested as a surrogate marker for ...
Durant Edward - - 2011
This cross-sectional study describes the characteristics of patients with an abnormal Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) in the prehospital setting. We reviewed existing prehospital care reports (PCRs) in the San Mateo County, California, emergency medical services (EMS) database from January 1 to December 31, 2007. Adults age 18 or greater with ...
Sersté Thomas - - 2011
Background and aims: Bacterial DNA (bactDNA) has been found in serum and ascitic fluid (AF) of 30-40% of hospitalized patients with cirrhosis and non-neutrocytic ascites, but its prevalence in outpatients is unknown. The aim of this prospective study was to investigate the presence of bactDNA in AF and serum among ...
Hussain Rumana N - - 2011
Densiron(®) 68 is a high-density liquid used to tamponade inferior retinal detachments. We present a case series of 12 patients treated with Densiron as an intraocular tamponade agent. A retrospective analysis of 12 eyes in 12 patients was carried out. The primary endpoint was anatomic reattachment of the retina following ...
Sugawara Shunsuke - - 2010
PURPOSE: Peritoneal venous shunts (PVSs) are widely used for palliating symptoms of refractory malignant ascites and are recognized as one of the practical methods. However, reliable clinical data are insufficient because most previous reports have been small studies from single centers. We conducted a retrospective, multicenter study to evaluate the ...
Beltrán Marcelo A - - 2010
Pancreaticobiliary reflux is a pathologic phenomenon occurring in patients with gallstones. However, the occurrence of pancreaticobiliary reflux has not been studied in patients without gallstones. The objective of the present study was to measure the bile levels of amylase and lipase in patients without gallstones submitted to cholecystectomy as part ...
Oh Hyoung-Chul - - 2010
This study aimed to determine the clinical characteristics of immunoglobulin G4 (IgG4)-associated sclerosing cholangitis (ISC) and provide clinical clues differentiating ISC from primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) or hilar cholangiocarcinoma (CCC). Sixteen patients with ISC manifesting as hilar/intrahepatic strictures were analyzed for clinical characteristics and compared with patients with PSC and ...
Xu Bin - - 2011
Study Type - Therapy (case series) Level of Evidence 4 • To investigate a new method of vas deferens radiography for ejaculatory duct obstruction (EDO). • To evaluate the effect of a procedure involving dilation of the ejaculatory duct by F9 seminal vesicoscopy. • Twenty-two patients with EDO were diagnosed using semen analysis, semen ...
Shrestha B L - - 2010
Background Chronic otitis media is a chronic inflammatory disease of the middle ear cleft which is manifested as deafness and ear discharge. It is a common condition affecting 0.5 - 30% of any community worldwide, and most common in developing countries. The prevalence mainly depends on age, low socio-economic status, ...
Maskin Steven L - - 2010
To perform a retrospective evaluation of a new treatment for obstructive meibomian gland dysfunction (O-MGD) using invasive orifice penetration and intraductal probing. Office-based ophthalmology private practice. Medical charts of 25 consecutive patients with O-MGD (based on presence of lid margin or tarsal hyperemia, lid margin telangiectasia, thickening or irregularity, and ...
Huang Shing-Moo - - 2010
To study the pathophysiological significance of gallbladder volume (GBV) and ejection fraction changes in gallstone patients. The fasting GBV of gallstone patients with acute cholecystitis (n = 99), chronic cholecystitis (n = 85) and non-gallstone disease (n = 240) were measured by preoperative computed tomography. Direct saline injection measurements of ...
Naitoh Itaru - - 2011
IgG4-related sclerosing cholangitis (IgG4-SC) needs to be differentiated from primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC). In this study, we performed a retrospective study to reveal cases in which liver needle biopsy was useful for differential diagnosis. Nineteen patients with IgG4-SC and 22 patients with PSC were studied. All patients underwent endoscopic retrograde ...
Anand Ajay - - 2010
Access through the superior calix for percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) often breaches the diaphragm and is believed to have greater complications than access through other calices. We evaluated the safety and efficacy of a superior caliceal access in pediatric patients who were undergoing PCNL. Operative and recovery data for pediatric patients ...
Arita Reiko - - 2010
PURPOSE: To observe morphologic changes of meibomian glands in patients with and without perennial allergic conjunctivitis (AC) and to assess the relation between morphologic changes of the meibomian glands of both eyelids and tear film parameters. METHODS: In this study, 55 eyes of 55 patients with perennial AC and 47 ...
Dave Maneesh - - 2010
PURPOSE: To determine the diagnostic accuracy of magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) for detection of primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) in patients with biochemical cholestasis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two reviewers searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, and other electronic databases to identify prospective studies in which MRCP was evaluated and compared with endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography ...
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