Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 1497
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Otani K - - 2001
OBJECTIVES: Pancreaticobiliary maljunction, an anomalous union of the pancreatic duct with the common bile duct, is a risk factor for biliary carcinoma. We hypothesized that, in patients with pancreaticobiliary maljunction, persistent regurgitation of pancreatic juice into the biliary tract induces oxidative DNA damage. We assessed the expression of an oxidative ...
Samovsky M - - 2001
PURPOSE: We assessed the postprandial sonographic findings in patients with cholelithiasis whose gallbladders were completely contracted after fasting. METHODS: The gallbladders of 5 patients with recurrent abdominal pain were completely contracted despite overnight fasting and could not be adequately examined on sonography. The patients were given a fatty meal and ...
Li L - - 2001
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: This study investigates the relationship between the location of the papilla of Vater and the length of the common channel in patients with congenital biliary dilatation (CBD). METHODS: Cholangiograms from 121 CBD patients and 13 normal controls were the subjects for this study. A length index defined as the ...
Csendes A - - 2001
To determine the variation in number, size, and symptoms in patients with polypoid lesions of the gallbladder. A polypoid lesion is any elevated lesion of the gallbladder mucosa. Several studies have been reported in patients undergoing cholecystectomy, but little information exits regarding the natural history of these lesions in nonoperated ...
Berkmen T - - 2001
Percutaneous retrograde biliary dilation via the afferent limb of a modified Roux-en-Y choledochojejunostomy is used in the management of chronic biliary strictures. Access to the afferent loop may be challenging in the absence of surgically placed radiopaque markers. Ultrasound (US) guidance was used to access the loop in 10 patients ...
Verma G R - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Adhesions are amongst the common reasons for open conversion of laparoscopic cholecystectomy. It is not clear whether this problem is more common with single or multiple gallstones. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The clinical records of 110 patients with chronic cholelithiasis harboring multiple stones in the gallbladder (multiple stone group; MSG) ...
Koffron A - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Vasculobiliary injury (VBI) is a well-recognized complication of laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC). In patients with failed primary management of bile duct injury (BDI), an assessment of the hepatic arterial system may be important to determine the presence of VBI. This study was conducted to determine the incidence of VBI in ...
Bedirli A - - 2001
PURPOSE: To find out whether diabetes mellitus is a risk factor in patients who undergo laparoscopic cholecystectomy because of symptomatic gallbladder stones. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Eight hundred sixty-two patients with symptomatic gallbladder stones underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy at our institution between January 1993 and July 2000. Age, sex, risk classification of ...
Chen J - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between the ultrastructure of intrahepatic biliary canaliculi and the prognosis of congenital biliary atresia. METHODS: Liver biopsies from 25 patients who were operated on for congenital biliary atresia were examined under the transmission electron microscope. The relationship between the number of well-developed bile canaliculi and ...
Yagisawa T - - 2001
PURPOSE: Although new forms of lithotripsy, such as new-generation shockwave and laser lithotripsies, have recently been developed, the optimal treatment for impacted ureteral stones (IUS) remains controversial. We investigated, retrospectively, the outcome of IUS treated with ureteroscopic pneumatic lithotripsy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Twenty-two IUS cases were treated using ureteroscopic pneumatic ...
Sahlin Sven - - 2001
AIM. To determine the rate of symptomatic improvement after dacryocystorhinostomy (DCR) in patients with epiphora and insignificant obstruction to preoperative lacrimal syringing, and to measure the conductance of the postoperative lacrimal drainage anastomosis. METHODS. Retrospective cohort study of patients with symptomatic epiphora and patent tear ducts, with at least two-year ...
Kusano T - - 2001
GOALS: To elucidate the natural progression of hepatolithiasis that showed no signs at the time of initial presentation. STUDY: Over a 17-year period, we observed 122 of 311 patients with hepatolithiasis who reported no symptoms and, thus, who received no treatment at initial presentation. The follow-up period was for up ...
Kotb M A - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Infantile cholestasis continues to represent a diagnostic challenge. It is very important to diagnose surgically correctable disorders, such as biliary atresia, in a timely manner to prevent progressive damage to the liver. It has been recently suggested that the triangular cord (TC) sign is a simple and useful tool ...
Sugawa C - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Sphincter of Oddi dysfunction (SOD) is one of the causes of postcholecytectomy syndrome and biliary pain. Endoscopic sphincterotomy (EST) is recommended in some cases for patients refractory to conservative treatment. By the Milwaukee classification, patients with biliary pain can be divided into three groups. Group I patients show all ...
Lee C H - - 2001
Patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) is a congenital heart disease that frequently escapes detection until the patient reaches adulthood. Percutaneous closure of the PDA has been established as a safe alternative to surgery, the Amplatzer duct occluder (ADO) is a new device that has been recently reported in paediatric patients. Our ...
Ohtsuka T - - 2001
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: Choledochocele has a potential for carcinogenesis, but no report has described malignant changes of the choledochocele in relation to pancreaticobiliary reflux because its anatomic form does not fit the criteria of pancreaticobiliary malunion (PBM). The aims of this study were to analyze the amylase level in ...
Liu T H - - 2001
To assess the utility of triage guidelines for patients with cholelithiasis and suspected choledocholithiasis, incorporating selective use of magnetic resonance cholangiography (MRC) and endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) before laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC). ERCP is the most frequently used modality for the diagnosis and resolution of choledocholithiasis before LC. MRC has recently ...
Ramachandran A - - 2001
Hepatobiliary scintigraphy is an established method for the diagnosis of a bile leak from the biliary system. A bile leak should be considered in any patient after cholecystectomy who has unexplained abdominal pain after operation. Three patients with bile leak diagnosed by scintigraphy are described, one of whom had an ...
Middleton G W - - 2001
The diagnostic accuracy and clinical impact of 99Tcm hepatic iminodiacetic acid (HIDA) imaging with cholecystokinin (CCK) was investigated in a prospective study of 359 patients over an 11 year period. All patients presented with right upper quadrant biliary type pain and had a normal ultrasound investigation prior to imaging. CCK ...
Kim J E - - 2001
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: Although abdominal ultrasonography (US) is a good initial screening method for detection of biliary tract disease, we sometimes encounter patients who only have findings of dilatation of the common bile duct (CBD) on US, without specific biliary symptoms or jaundice. This study aimed to evaluate the ...
Brand B - - 2001
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: We prospectively studied the outcome of endoscopic sphincterotomy in symptomatic patients with elevated liver enzyme levels but no clear evidence of biliary pathology on transabdominal ultrasound and diagnostic endoscopic retrograde cholangiography (ERC). METHODS: 29 consecutive patients with biliary-type pain (two or more out of eight criteria), ...
Onizuka Y - - 2001
PURPOSE: The incidence of gallbladder sludge or gallstone formation in bedridden patients with cerebrovascular disease (CVD) remains obscure. The aim of this study was to determine the incidence, relationship to feeding method, and mechanisms of gallbladder sludge and gallstone formation in elderly patients with CVD. METHODS: Using ultrasonography, we determined ...
Witczak-Malinowska K - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Magnetic resonance cholangiography is a relatively new method, hence it has not gained a proper status yet in the diagnostic algorithm in patients with bile duct diseases. Many authors believe that MRC is an effective method for the visualisation of bile ducts. The aim of the study is to ...
Fracchia M - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Little information is available on the pathogenesis of cholesterol microlithiasis, and it is not clear if biliary lipid composition in these patients is similar to changes seen in cholesterol gall stone patients. AIMS: To measure biliary lipid composition in patients with cholesterol microlithiasis. PATIENTS: Eleven patients with cholesterol microlithiasis, ...
Croteau D - - 2001
The patient is a 2-year-old Caucasian boy with acute acalculous cholecystitis (AC) but none of the predisposing factors that are typically found in patients with this disease. The presentation and clinical course of the disease was typical of AC. Nonsurgical intervention resulted in resolution of the child's initial symptoms. After ...
Matsueda K - - 2001
Endoscopic biliary drainage (EBD) for unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) associated with obstructive jaundice remains controversial because of the short survival of these patients. To evaluate the effectiveness of this procedure, we retrospectively studied 18 patients who had unresectable HCC with obstructive jaundice and underwent EBD with polyethylene stents, over a ...
Sells H - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether patients with proven ureteric calculi on IVU require repeat IVU after resolution of symptoms and passage of calculus on plain X-ray. METHODOLOGY: IVU reports for a 12-month period were obtained and notes and X-rays of those patients with ureteric calculi were reviewed. Presentation, management and subsequent ...
Cicala M - - 2001
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Even if the motor activity of the gall bladder and sphincter of Oddi (SO) are integrated, it is not known if the presence of stones in the gall bladder affects SO function. The aim of the study was to compare SO motor activity in patients with and ...
Gislason H - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To describe the outcome after acute biliary pancreatitis in patients treated during the acute attack by endoscopic sphincterotomy without cholecystectomy. DESIGN: Prospective observational study. SETTING: University hospital, Norway. SUBJECTS: 130 patients with gallstones and acute pancreatitis. In 62 patients with common bile duct stones the bile duct was cleared ...
Kourambas J - - 2001
Comprehensive metabolic evaluation has become an important aspect of the management of recurrent nephrolithiasis, yet the role of stone analysis is often neglected or perhaps underestimated. The purpose of this study was to determine the role of stone analysis in medical decision making in patients with recurrent nephrolithiasis. We evaluated ...
Matsuo S - - 2001
A hepatic portocholecystostomy (HPC) has been recommended to avoid postoperative cholangitis in the case of a patent distal extrahepatic bile duct (PDEBD) for the treatment of biliary atresia (BA). We investigated the efficacy and clinical problems of HPC in BA. The clinical records of eight patients with BA and PDEBD ...
Grönroos J M - - 2001
Cholecystectomized patients with recurrent attacks of right epigastric pain and with dilated common bile duct are a clinical challenge. In a number of these patients dilatation of the common bile duct is explained as a normal postoperative state following cholecystectomy and the recurrent pain attacks are of origin other than ...
Andrén-Sandberg A - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Acute septic cholecystitis (AC) remains a difficult problem in patients with coexisting severe illness, and ultrasonographically guided percutaneous puncture and drainage of the gallbladder (PTBD) may be an alternative treatment in this context. SETTING: University Hospital, Norway. METHODS: Retrospective study of the safety and efficacy of this approach in ...
Ryu J A - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To compare the usefulness of unenhanced spiral CT (UCT) with that of excretory urography (EU) in patients with acute flank pain. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty patients presenting with acute flank pain underwent both UCT and EU. Both techniques were used to determine the presence, size, and location of urinary ...
Eriguchi N - - 2001
Seven cases of xanthogranulomatous cholecystitis are presented, and their clinicopathological appearance is described. Three men and 4 women with xanthogranulomatous cholecystitis, aged 53-72 years old, were reviewed. Five patients had had previous attacks of acute cholecystitis lasting from 3 weeks to 6 months. Abdominal ultrasonography was performed in all patients, ...
Bergman J J - - 2001
BACKGROUND: A prior Billroth II gastrectomy renders endoscopic sphincterotomy (EST) more difficult in patients with bile duct stones. Endoscopic balloon dilation (EBD) is a relatively easy procedure that potentially reduces the risk of bleeding and perforation. METHODS: Thirty-four patients with bile duct stones and a previous Billroth II gastrectomy were ...
Bose S M - - 2001
This prospective study was performed to assess the predictive ability of the various indicators of common bile duct (CBD) calculi, individually or in combination, by analyzing 88 patients with gallstone disease. The patients were classified into two groups according to the presence of 10 predefined criteria. Of 53 patients with ...
Krepinsky J - - 2000
OBJECTIVES: Nephrolithiasis is a recurrent condition with significant associated morbidity and economic impact. Although urologic intervention addresses symptomatic stone episodes, prevention of recurrences with proven medical therapy is indicated. METHODS: This retrospective study examined 97 patients who presented in 1997 and 1998 with recurrent nephrolithiasis in a large tertiary care ...
Portincasa P - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: Gastrectomy might be a risk factor for cholelithiasis and gallbladder stasis might play a major role. We studied fasting and postprandial gallbladder motility with 600 mg oral erythromycin or placebo in gastrectomized patients (with and without gallstones) and controls. METHODS: Seventeen patients operated on for gastric cancer (subtotal gastrectomy: ...
Agarwal M - - 2000
Impaired gallbladder emptying producing biliary stasis may provide potent carcinogen, which comes in contact with gallbladder mucosa for a prolonged period, inducing carcinogenesis. The aim was to study gallbladder emptying pattern in cholelithiasis. Postprandial gallbladder emptying was measured ultrasonographically in terms of fasting volume (FV), postprandial residual volume at 30 ...
Nagi B - - 2000
PURPOSE: To evaluate cholangiographic abnormalities resulting from extrahepatic portal venous obstruction (EHPVO) by sonography and endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreaticography (ERCP). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Forty-three patients with an established diagnosis of EHPVO were subjected to duplex Doppler sonography and ERCP. Of these, 8 patients had obstructive jaundice. RESULTS: Dilated common bile duct ...
Tola V B - - 2000
Patients with spinal cord injury (SCI) have an increased prevalence of cholelithiasis. The goal of this study was to clarify the presentation and management of symptomatic gallstone disease in patients with SCI. We performed a retrospective study of presentation of gallstone complications in patients with SCI who underwent cholecystectomy for ...
Fuller R A - - 2000
Use of laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) to treat patients with symptoms due to gallstone disease is well established. However, use of LC for patients with acalculous gallbladder disease remains controversial. In this study, we examined the use of hepatobiliary iminodiacetic acid (HIDA) scans with cholecystokinin (CCK) infusion to identify patients with ...
Angulo P - - 2000
BACKGROUND/AIM: Magnetic resonance cholangiography (MRC) is a non-invasive diagnostic procedure whose role in the management of patients with primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) is unclear. The aim of this study was to determine the usefulness of MRC in the evaluation of the biliary tree in patients with suspected biliary disease, and ...
Yazici B - - 2000
BACKGROUND: It is frequently stated in the literature that there is a common canaliculus (CC) in the lacrimal drainage system in about 90% of individuals; in the remaining 10%, the upper and lower canaliculi enter the lacrimal sac separately. To our knowledge, there is no quantitative study supporting this assumption. ...
Wesdorp I - - 2000
BACKGROUND: In contrast to adults, little is known about the epidemiology and the best therapeutic regimen for cholelithiasis and sludge in children. METHODS: Eighty-two children with cholelithiasis detected by ultrasonography were studied from 0 to 18 years of age with regard to cause, symptomatology, and treatment outcome. Seventy-five children with ...
Duncan N D - - 2000
Twenty-seven children aged 18 years and under with homozygous sickle-cell disease had open cholecystectomy for symptomatic gallstones over the 12-year period 1985-1997. Emergency procedures (done during period of acute exacerbation of symptoms) were performed on 16 patients. Four with haemoglobin levels greater than 1 g/dl below their steady state received ...
Csendes A - - 2000
The development of gallbladder carcinoma has been correlated with the presence of a single large gallstone in two retrospective studies. The objective of the present study was to determine the number and size of gallstones in patients with gallbladder carcinoma compared to asymptomatic and symptomatic female patients with gallstones. The ...
Petelenz M - - 2000
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: Cardiopulmonary complications have been reported during upper gastrointestinal endoscopy and endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP). The aim of this study was to evaluate the sympathovagal response to the stretching of the common bile duct caused by contrast medium injection during ERCP. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The 16 patients ...
Kuo K K - - 2000
The purpose of this study was to explore a difference in sphincter of Oddi (SO) motor activity among patients with intrahepatic (I, N = 5), intra- and extrahepatic (IE, N = 15), and common bile duct (CBD, N = 6) stones. Interdigestive motility of the SO and duodenum was studied ...
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