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Results 251 - 300 of 1500
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Sun Chuan Dong - - 2005
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) may result in the incidental diagnosis of early stage (T1 and T2) gallbladder cancer. LC is useful for T1 patients, however, its role in T2 patients remains controversial. We sought to determine the effect of initial LC on patient outcome in early-stage gallbladder cancer. ...
Mirbagheri Seyed Amir - - 2005
Prior investigators have proposed microlithiasis as a causative factor for occult gallbladder diseases. Endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) is potentially far more sensitive than transabdominal ultrasonography (TUS) in visualizing small stones. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) in the diagnosis of microlithiasis in patients ...
Gupta S K - - 2005
INTRODUCTION: The exact role of copper and zinc in the etiology of carcinoma of the gallbladder is unclear. Some studies suggest the Cu/Zn ratio is a good indicator of the extent and prognosis in carcinoma of the gastrointestinal tract. The aim of the present study is to estimate the micronutrient ...
Sperlongano Pasquale - - 2005
It has been shown that magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) has a diagnostic accuracy comparable to that of ERCP. The aim of this study was to compare the diagnostic accuracy of MRCP in patients with suspected choledocholithiasis, but with negative ultrasonography findings. Among 404 patients undergoing videolaparocholecystectomy for cholelithiasis, 48 with ...
Ali Shatha Huusain - - 2005
This study was conducted to evaluate the etiological and clinical characteristics of urolithiasis in Iraqi children. From 1999 to 2004, 204 children with renal calculi were evaluated. The age range of the patients was 4 months to 14 years, 61.3% of the patients were under 5 years. Male to female ...
Guliter Sefa - - 2005
Abnormalities involving smooth muscle function in different systems of the body have been reported in irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). There are a few studies on gallbladder function in this disorder with conflicting results. To investigate the motility of gallbladder in patients with IBS. Forty-eight patients (15 male and 33 female) ...
Dittrick George - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) has been considered the nonsurgical gold standard for the diagnosis and treatment of choledocholithiasis (CDL). Complications include a 0.1% to 1.3% mortality rate and a 5% to 19% morbidity rate, including a reported 1.8% to 6.7% incidence of postprocedure pancreatitis. Twenty-seven percent to 67% of ...
Herman Paulo - - 2005
An experience with the diagnosis and treatment of patients with non-Oriental primary intrahepatic lithiasis (PIHL) is described. A group of 48 native Brazilian patients with symptomatic PIHL were studied, and the patients' characteristics, diagnoses, treatment protocols based on the presentation of the disease, prognostic factors, and late results were analyzed. ...
Kobayashi Go - - 2005
BACKGROUND: We investigated the mode of progression of intraductal papillary-mucinous neoplasm of the pancreas (IPMN) in patients who underwent follow-up in order to elucidate the characteristics of malignancy and to establish an effective treatment strategy. METHODS: Fifty-one patients with IPMN (branch-duct type, 47; main-duct type, 4) who had undergone follow-up ...
Mutlu Hakan - - 2005
Laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) is the preferred treatment for symptomatic gallstone disease. Biliary injury during LC is still a serious problem. Knowledge of anatomic detail is important for not encountering the injury. Magnetic resonance cholangiography (MRC) is a noninvasive method for imaging the biliary ducts. However, MRC has many drawbacks such ...
Griniatsos John - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Fluoroscopic intraoperative cholangiography (IOC) has been proposed as a safe and accurate screening method for choledocholithiasis, with a sensitivity and specificity of nearly 100% in selected cases. In the present study we retrospectively reviewed the diagnostic accuracy of IOC in cases highly suggestive of choledocholithiasis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between ...
Petersen-Benz C - - 2005
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Patients with primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) have an increased risk of developing hepatobiliary tumors. The tumor marker CA19-9 was claimed to indicate the occurrence of bile duct carcinoma. This study aimed to assess whether increased serum levels of CA19-9 in PSC patients with dominant stenoses indicate bile duct carcinoma. ...
Al-Ata Jameel J Section of Pediatric Cardiology, Department of Cardiovascular Diseases, King Faisal Specialist Hospital & Research Center, Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi - - 2005
We have used the Amplatzer ductal occluder for transcatheter closure of large persistently patent arterial ducts, and used our experience to assess the safety and efficacy of the device in young children and infants. We used the Amplatzer ductal occluder prospectively in 43 patients with large patent arterial ducts, reviewing ...
Edvardsson Vidar - - 2005
All children less than 18 years of age who were diagnosed with a first episode of kidney stones at pediatric referral centers in Iceland during the years 1995-2000 were studied retrospectively. The diagnosis was based on clinical features and results of imaging studies. Patients were invited for evaluation at the ...
Kravchick Sergey George - - 2005
In our study, we assessed the ability of a filling cystogram to induce vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) and to evaluate its role in stone targeting during ESWL in the presence of a double-J ureteral stent (JJ-S). Filling cystoureterography was performed during ESWL in 17 patients with previously inserted 4.7 F JJ-S. ...
Szepes Attila - - 2005
AIM: The aim of the present study was to develop a new pharmacologic method during hepatobiliary scintigraphy by which patients with functional and organic forms of gallbladder (GB) dysfunction can be differentiated. METHODS: Quantitative hepatobiliary scintigraphy (QHBS) was performed on 31 patients with impaired GB motility selected by cerulein-augmented ultrasonography. ...
Vanbiervliet G - - 2005
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: The aim of this study was to assess the feasibility and efficiency of plasma argon trimming of gastrointestinal and biliary metallic stents. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 31 patients underwent plasma argon trimming of their metallic stents (14 women, 17 men; mean +/- SD age ...
Jeong In-Ho - - 2005
AIM: To investigate the relationship between pancreatic amylase in bile duct and the clinico-pathological features in adult patients with choledochal cyst and anomalous pancreatico-biliary ductal union (APBDU). METHODS: From 39 patients who underwent surgery for choledochal cyst between March 1995 and March 2003, we selected 15 adult patients who had ...
Drage Nicholas A - - 2005
Patients with salivary calculi are normally managed by removal of the calculus or, if necessary, the affected gland. If it is left untreated, a stone may migrate into the adjacent tissues. We present three patients in whom salivary calculi tracked to the surface of the skin. Two were removed under ...
Horaguchi Jun - - 2005
BACKGROUND: We aimed to clarify the clinical characteristics of choledochocele and to evaluate the possibility of choledochocele as a risk factor for biliary malignancies. METHODS: The clinical feature, the configuration of the pancreatobiliary ductal system, coexistent pancreatobiliary lesions, and amylase level in bile in 21 patients with choledochocele were reviewed. ...
Ausch C - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to determine the value of routinely performed preoperative magnetic resonance cholangiography (MRC) in detecting common bile duct (CBD) stones in patients stated to undergo elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy. In addition, we used MRC to investigate possible variants of the cystic duct. METHODS: Magnetic resonance ...
Francis Ian C - - 2005
PURPOSE: Videoreflective dacryomeniscometry (VRD) for evaluation of marginal tear film has not been performed in patients with watery eye or in a controlled study. We used VRD to evaluate the height of the central marginal lower lid tear film in normal adults and compared it with two watery-eye groups and ...
Mills Lisa D - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to determine how laboratory values and physical examination findings correlate with ultrasound findings in the setting of right upper quadrant pain. METHODS: Patients undergoing emergent ultrasound for the evaluation of biliary disease between November 1999 and April 2000 were included. Physical examination findings, ...
Sai Jin Kan - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Pancreatobiliary reflux can occur even if the pancreaticobiliary junction is normal (occult pancreatobiliary reflux), and it may be associated with gallbladder carcinoma. The aim of the present study was to examine precancerous mucosal changes in the gallbladder from patients with occult pancreatobiliary reflux. METHODS: The mucosa of the gallbladder ...
Xing Gu-Sheng - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Nonsurgical pathologic diagnosis of malignant bile duct stricture with a high sensitivity and specificity is desirable for therapeutic scheme. Percutaneous transhepatic endobiliary brush cytology in detecting obstructive jaundice is evaluated. METHODS: Fifty-eight consecutive patients with obstructive jaundice underwent percutaneous transhepatic cholangiodrainage (PTCD). During the process, a brush was inserted ...
Vaishnavi Chetana - - 2005
Enteric fever due to Salmonella Typhi is a major public health problem. Typhoid carriers have high titres of Vi agglutinins in their sera. We worked out the baseline data for Vi agglutinins from 705 healthy blood donors (controls) by ELISA and compared it with 446 patients with biliary, gastrointestinal and ...
Huang Min-Ho - - 2005
BACKGROUND AND AIM: The relation of helminthic infestation to hepatolithiasis is a subject of dispute. This case-control study was undertaken to evaluate the prevalence of helminthiasis in hepatolithiasis patients and to compare the clinicopathological features of hepatolithiasis between patients with and without helminthiasis. METHODS: The prevalence of ascariasis or clonorchiasis ...
Nishino Takayoshi - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: Autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP) is a unique clinical entity that has been recently proposed, and it is frequently associated with bile duct stricture. The aim of this study was to investigate the pathophysiology of the biliary tract involvement in patients with AIP. METHODS: We evaluated the clinicopathologic findings in 16 ...
Katz Ran - - 2005
INTRODUCTION: The association between staghorn calculus of the kidney long-standing and urothelial tumors of the renal pelvis is well documented. We describe 3 patients with urothelial cancer in a kidney who underwent percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Retrospective analysis of our series of more than 500 PCNLs revealed 3 ...
Isogai Masatoshi - - 2005
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Little is known about whether the severity of pancreatitis depends upon persistent stone impaction or stone passage into the duodenum, and the role of endoscopic sphincterotomy (ES) has remained controversial. METHODS: This study reviewed our experience of 183 patients with gallstone pancreatitis, with special attention paid to the relationship ...
Baskin-Bey E S - - 2005
Objective. Distinguishing between malignant and benign biliary strictures remains problematic. The aim of this study was to compare and contrast the clinical features of patients with benign and malignant biliary strictures. Methods. Medical records of patients who underwent surgical resection for presumed cholangiocarcinoma were reviewed. Immunohistochemistry for hypoxia inducible factor-1-alpha ...
Darabi Mohammadreza - - 2005
PURPOSE: To report the results of bilateral same-session ureteroscopy in patients with bilateral pathologies in urinary system. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From among nearly 3000 patients who had undergone diagnostic or therapeutic ureteroscopy in our center, 23 (13 females and 10 males) were treated with bilateral same-session ureteroscopy. Pathologies included bilateral ...
Salah Morshed A - - 2005
In the paediatric section, two papers relating to the upper urinary tract are presented. The first, from Hungary, describes simultaneous bilateral percutaneous nephrolithotomy in 13 patients, where it was deemed feasible; this is the first such report. Authors from London report on unilateral nephrectomy in patients with nephrogenic hypertension, and ...
Oh Seung-June - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To investigate patients' opinions on the degree of pain during shock wave lithotripsy, and the need for analgesics in patients with urinary stone. METHODS: A prospective questionnaire study involving subjective pain assessment during and just after shock wave lithotripsy was performed in consecutive patients with uncomplicated renal or ureteral ...
Makary Martin A - - 2005
To examine the utility of magnetic resonance cholangiography (MRC) in the preoperative evaluation of patients with gallstone pancreatitis. Gallstone pancreatitis is often associated with the presence of common bile duct (CBD) stones that may require endoscopic removal prior to planned laparoscopic cholecystectomy. No reliable clinical criteria exist, however, that can ...
Vanbiervliet Geoffroy - - 2004
AIM: The aim of this work was to evaluate the feasibility of endoscopic insertion of biliary stents in patients with duodenal stents who develop secondary malignant obstructive jaundice. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The study population included 133 patients with unresectable malignant duodenal obstruction. In 106 patients a biliary stent was inserted ...
Li J C M - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical efficacy and outcomes of percutaneous cholecystostomy as an alternative treatment option for elderly and critically ill patients who have acute cholecystitis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The medical records of patients who underwent emergency percutaneous cholecystostomy at the North District Hospital, Hong Kong from September 1999 to ...
Jungers Paul - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The contribution of nephrolithiasis-related end-stage renal disease (ESRD) to patients requiring renal replacement therapy has never been specifically evaluated. METHODS: Of the entire cohort of 1,391 consecutive patients who started maintenance dialysis therapy at our nephrology department between January 1989 and December 2000, a total of 45 patients (21 ...
Yildirgan M Ilhan - - 2004
Our purpose was to determine if the presence of duodenal diverticula predisposes to the development of pancreaticobiliary disease. Between May 1999 and February 2001, 381 patients were examined by endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreaticography. Of these patients, 51 had periampullary diverticula. In 27 patients the papilla was located inside the diverticulum (Group ...
Kopp E Dafgård - - 2004
To report symptoms and findings of lacrimal duct malfunction after topical mitomycin C (MMC) for conjunctival neoplasia. 14 consecutive patients treated with 1-6 cycles of topical 0.04% MMC four times daily for periods of 2 weeks were interviewed about symptoms of lacrimal duct malfunction. Patients who complained of tearing had ...
Memon Muhammed Ashraf - - 2004
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The aim of this study was to retrospectively evaluate our experience with ampulla of Vater tumors at the Creighton University and to establish the role of curative pancreaticoduodenectomy on the long-term survival rate of patients. METHODOLOGY: Between 1975 and 1997, 21 patients (15 M, 6 F) with ampulla of ...
Contini S - - 2004
BACKGROUND/AIMS: A delay in recognizing and treating an inflamed gallbladder may increase the risk of a necrotic evolution and represent a critical factor affecting the progression of the inflammatory process. Aim of the study is to assess the therapeutic attitude in patients with histologically proved gangrenous cholecystitis, to find out ...
Poddar Ujjal - - 2004
Early differentiation of extrahepatic biliary atresia from intrahepatic cholestasis is important. Hepatobiliary scintigraphy is an excellent noninvasive investigation for ruling out extrahepatic biliary atresia. This study aimed at identifying the role of ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA), a choleretic agent, in conjunction with hepatobiliary scintigraphy in differentiating extrahepatic biliary atresia from neonatal ...
Kejriwal Ritwik - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Prior to cholecystectomy it is important to assess the common duct for choledocholithiasis. Given that a proportion of common duct stones will pass without incident and that methods of removal of these stones are potentially morbid, it would be very useful to have a test that identified only those ...
Burgher Abram - - 2004
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Observation is often recommended for patients presenting with asymptomatic renal calculi. This study evaluated the natural history of asymptomatic calculi and the risk of progression of disease. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We conducted a retrospective evaluation of 300 male patients average age 62.8 years who were followed for ...
Ather M Hammad - - 2004
BACKGROUND: To determine accuracy of ultrasound (US) kidney, ureter and bladder (KUB) compared to un-enhanced helical CT (UHCT) in patients with renal failure in the diagnosis of stone and obstruction. METHODS: This is a case controlled study conducted in the period from June 2000 to July 2003 at a university ...
Kamisawa Terumi - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Except for pancreaticobiliary maljunction, the relationship between a relatively long common channel and gallbladder carcinoma is unknown. METHODS: For purposes of this study, a high confluence of pancreaticobiliary ducts was defined as a common channel that is 6 mm or greater in length, together with occlusion of the communication ...
Chiu Bill - - 2004
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: The effect of portal flow deprivation to the liver on bile composition and the biliary system remains undefined in children. This report catalogues the authors' experience with biliary tract problems in children with extrahepatic portal vein thrombosis (EHPVT). METHODS: Twenty-nine children with symptomatic idiopathic EHPVT were evaluated for the ...
Ramachandra Pai, K.
Background: Biliary microlithiasis is a collection of cholesterol and calcium bilirubinate crystals and is known to cause biliary colic, acute pancreatitis and acute cholecystitis. In some of these patients biliary microlithiasis has been found. Objectives: To estimate the incidence of biliary microlithiasis in patients with upper abdominal pain and negative ...
Ainsworth A P - - 2004
BACKGROUND: It is not known whether initial endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) or magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) is more cost effective than endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP). METHODS: A cost-effectiveness analysis of EUS, MRCP and ERCP was performed on 163 patients. The effectiveness of an investigation was defined as the percentage of patients ...
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