Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 1500
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Larsen Thomas Kjaergaard - - 2007
The purpose of this study was to examine whether gallbladder function as assessed by a hepatobiliary scintigraphy was related to the symptomatology in gallstone patients and to the outcome 1 year after either cholecystectomy or watchful waiting. The study included 100 patients with uncomplicated gallstone disease. Fifty-six patients had a ...
Kim Hong Joo - - 2007
BACKGROUND: We sought to evaluate the diagnostic use of multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) cholangiography with multiplanar reformation (MPR) for the assessment of patients with biliary obstruction. METHODS: MDCT cholangiography with the MPR technique was performed in 58 patients who were thought to have biliary obstruction. No cholangiographic contrast agent was ...
Archibald Jason D - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: Prophylactic cholecystectomy (PC) is advised after ES and clearance of ductal calculi on the basis of a randomized controlled trial that showed a requirement for cholecystectomy in 36% of patients who defer surgery. Other studies suggest the cholecystectomy rate to be as low as 8%. METHOD: To determine the ...
Jones Dwight T - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this study are to report outcomes of pediatric patients with nasolacrimal duct obstruction (NLDO) who underwent primary endoscopic dacryocystorhinostomy (DCR) and discuss causes of failure. STUDY DESIGN: The authors conducted a retrospective case series. METHODS: Charts of all patients less than 16 years of age who ...
Djaladat Hooman - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate short-term ureteral catheterization in patients undergoing ureteroscopic lithotripsy for ureteral calculi. METHODS: Patients (n = 140) with ureteral calculi who were candidates for ureterolithotripsy were enrolled. Stone size was 5-10mm. The operation was performed with an 8-9.8F semirigid ureteroscope without active dilatation and stones were fragmented with ...
De Waele E - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The ultimate treatment of acute biliary pancreatitis (ABP) is undoubtedly laparoscopic cholecystectomy, but controversy remains about the optimal imaging method in the preoperative assessment of these patients. In this study, we evaluated the usefulness of magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) in detecting common bile duct (CBD) stones and associated pathologies ...
Darabi Mahboub Mohammad Reza - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to evaluate percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) in horseshoe kidneys with calculi. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between 1995 and 2005, we performed PCNL in 9 patients with horseshoe kidney. In 3 of them, there was a single calculus and the rest had multiple calculi in the ...
Riyad K - - 2007
Objective. To assess the outcome of laparoscopic cholecystectomy on the basis of an abnormal provocative (99m)technetium-labelled hepato imino diacetic acid (HIDA) scan for patients with typical biliary pain and normal trans-abdominal ultrasound (TUS) scan. Patients and methods. Prospective data were collected for 1201 consecutive patients with typical biliary symptoms. Patients ...
Della Libera Ermelindo - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Sphincter of Oddi manometry is the gold-standard method for sphincter of Oddi dysfunction. The prevalence of sphincter of Oddi dysfunction among patients referred to endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography is largely unknown. AIM: To evaluate prospectively the prevalence of biliary sphincter of Oddi dysfunction (B-SOD) among Brazilian patients referred to endoscopic ...
Mercer Stuart - - 2007
Background. It is controversial whether selective endoscopic sphincterotomy or routine laparoscopic bile duct exploration is the optimal treatment for choledocholithiasis. Magnetic resonance cholangio-pancreatography (MRCP) is a safe and accurate imaging modality; this study evaluated its use in a clinical algorithm for the management of suspected choledocholithiasis. Patients and methods. Consecutive ...
Kubota Kensuke - - 2007
BACKGROUND: There have been few reports of separate orifices (SPO) for the bile and pancreatic ducts. The aim of this study was to elucidate the clinical significance of SPO. METHODS: Clinical data of patients with SPO (n = 21) were compared with those of 324 patients without SPO. The duodenal ...
Woog John J - - 2007
To define the incidence, clinical characteristics, and outcomes following treatment of symptomatic acquired lacrimal outflow obstruction (SALOO) in Olmsted County, Minnesota, from 1976 to 2000, and to test the hypothesis that the incidence of this disorder increased over this interval. In this retrospective, population-based study, the Rochester Epidemiology Project was ...
Young S B - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Hepatobiliary iminodiacetic scan with ejection fraction (HIDA EF) is used to evaluate chronic acalculous cholecystitis (CAC). A presumed etiology of CAC is sphincter of Oddi hypertension (SOH). In this study, we evaluated the value of HIDA EF to predict patient response to laparoscopic cholecystectomy and to identify SOH. METHODS: ...
Pishchalnikov Yuri A - - 2006
Current lithotriptors use a dry treatment head that must be coupled to the patient with gel or oil. We determined how the quality of coupling affects stone breakage under conditions that simulated patient treatment. Experiments were performed with a Dornier (DoLi-50 electromagnetic lithotriptor. The test tank had a clear Mylar ...
Liu Ming-Eng - - 2006
The aims of this study were to determine how often the distal thoracic duct can be identified on neck CT and to characterize the CT appearance of the duct. In a review of electronic medical records from January 2001 to January 2003 we identified the cases of 500 patients who ...
Mariappan Paramananthan - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether 1 week of ciprofloxacin before percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) in patients with stones of > or = 20 mm or pelvicalyceal dilatation, reduces urosepsis, as we previously reported that such patients have four times the risk of urosepsis after PCNL. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients undergoing PCNL, and ...
Adamietz Boris - - 2007
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: To evaluate if contrast enhanced sonography (CES) can help to detect gallbladder inflammation and differentiate between acute and chronic cholecystitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-three patients with clinical suspicion of acute cholecystitis were examined with CES before cholecystectomy. Thirty patients with no history of gallbladder disease served as ...
Khanna Rahul, Chansuria Rashmi, ...
Gallbladder stones are known to produce histopathological changes in the gallbladder. It is also one of the predisposing factors for the development of cancer of the gallbladder. Aim: This work was carried out to study the diverse histopathological changes in the gallbladder mucosa as a result of cholelithiasis in the ...
Chin, K. H.
Background: Gallstones disease associated with biliary symptoms such as gallbladder dyspepsia (episgastric discomfort, flatulence, intermittent nausea with fat intolerance), and biliary colic (abdominal pain localised in the right upper quadrant) is commonly treated by cholecystectomy. In contrast, biliary symptoms in the absence of gallstones (acalculous biliary symptoms, ABS) often constitute ...
Güçlü Mustafa - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study was to evaluate gallbladder function in irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) patients. METHODS: The functions of gallbladder were investigated every 30 min for 4 h. In addition, ejection fraction of the gallbladder was calculated from the fasting and post-prandial volumes. RESULTS: In IBS patients ...
Kamisawa Terumi - - 2006
AIM: To evaluate the histopathological and radiological findings of the gallbladder in patients with autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP). METHODS: The radiological findings of the gallbladder of 19 AIP patients were retrospectively reviewed. Resected gallbladders of 8 AIP patients were examined histologically and were immunostained with anti-IgG4 antibody. Controls consisted of gallbladders ...
Acar Cenk - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effect of pelvicaliceal anatomy on stone formation in patients with solitary upper caliceal stones. METHODS: The records of patients with solitary upper caliceal stones between 1996 and 2004 were reviewed. After the exclusion of patients with hydronephrosis, major anatomic abnormalities, noncalcium stones, metabolic abnormalities, history of ...
Nickkholgh A - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Routine use of intraoperative cholangiography (IOC) during laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) is a matter of debate. METHODS: Data from 2,130 consecutive LCs and patients' follow-up during 9 years were collected and analyzed. During the first 4 years of the study, 800 patients underwent LC, and IOC was performed selectively (SIOC). ...
Khor Boon-Siang - - 2006
Among 328 patients with dengue hemorrhagic fever/dengue shock syndrome (DHF/DSS), 14 (4 men and 10 women, median age 44 years) had acute abdomen. DHF/DSS was initially suspected in only 2 of these 14 patients. Presumptive diagnoses of acute cholecystitis (6 acalculus and 4 calculus cholecystitis) were made in 10 patients, ...
Yang Wei-Liang - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The main cause of iatrogenic bile duct injury is misidentification of the common bile duct as the cystic duct. In this article, we summarize the experience in the treatment of 112 patients with iatrogenic bile duct injury. METHOD: Clinical data of these patients treated at 10 hospitals of Songhua ...
Chevallier Patrick - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The aim of this retrospective and monocentric study was to describe the magnetic resonance cholangiography (MRC) features of biliary abnormalities related to extrahepatic obstruction of the portal vein (EHOPV). METHODS: From September 2001 to May 2003, MRC was performed in 10 consecutive patients who had a portal thrombosis. RESULTS: ...
Hussain Muhammad I - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate and compare the outcome of laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) in acute and chronic cholecystitis in terms of complications, conversion rates, reason of conversion and hospital stay. METHODS: Between April 1999 and March 2004, we retrospectively evaluated all patients admitted for symptomatic gall bladder disease in the Department of ...
Sandeep S M - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Percutaneous drainage or surgery is required when amebic liver abscess (ALA) fails to respond to medical management. In some of these patients, non-response may be due to communication of ALA with the biliary tree. This report describes our experience with the use of endoscopic biliary draining in such patients. ...
Hoyama Erika - - 2006
Leishmaniasis infection may involve destruction of nasal tissues resulting in lacrimal drainage system alteration. PURPOSE: To evaluate the frequency of lacrimal excretory system sequelae in patients treated for leishmaniasis. METHODS: Forty-five leishmaniasis-treated patients (90 nasolacrimal ducts) were submitted to lacrimal excretory system evaluation. All were evaluated by Jones I test ...
Matlaga Brian R - - 2006
PURPOSE: Renal calculi are a significant source of morbidity for patients with neurogenic bladder. Calculi from patients with NB have traditionally been composed primarily of struvite and carbonate apatite secondary to chronic urea-splitting bacteriuria. In the current era there have been great improvements in the urological rehabilitation of patients with ...
Kartal M M Emergency Department, Akdeniz University Hospital, Antalya, - - 2006
The purpose of this study was to validate an algorithm recommended by current literature for the patients with acute flank pain and evaluate the validity of bedside ultrasonography (US) performed by emergency physicians (EP) as a part of this algorithm. This prospective validation study was carried out over a 5 ...
Tiselius Hans-Göran - - 2006
One hundred consecutive patients referred for active stone removal responded to a number of questions regarding their attitude to metabolic risk evaluation and recurrence prevention. Of the 74 men and 26 women all but one were interested in the cause of their disease. While 95% of the patients were motivated ...
Moff Stephen L - - 2006
BACKGROUND: In patients with primary sclerosing cholangitis, there are no reliable markers or imaging modalities to detect malignant changes or early cholangiocarcinoma when curative interventions may still be possible. METHODS: Clinical features and outcomes were evaluated for 47 patients who underwent 101 endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) procedures with bile duct ...
Bertalan Viktória - - 2006
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Although quantitative hepatobiliary scintigraphy (QHBS) was originally suggested as a promising method in the diagnosis of sphincter of Oddi dysfunction (SOD), it was recently claimed that QHBS displays poor reproducibility and specificity in cholecystectomized patients. The aim of the present study was to assess the reproducibility of QHBS in ...
Sarica Kemal - - 2006
We evaluated the possible effects of a calcium entry blocking agent "verapamil" on new stone formation and/or regrowth of residual fragments after shock wave lithotripsy (SWL) during long-term follow-up (>30 months) and compared the results with the success rates of adequate fluid intake. A total of 70 patients treated with ...
Schlenker Christine - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: Symptomatic cholelithiasis is a common disease in the general population with an increased prevalence in patients with cirrhosis. While cholecystectomy is the procedure of choice for the treatment of symptomatic cholelithiasis, cirrhotics have an increased risk of complications associated with this therapy. We have found that placement of an ...
Akpinar Haluk - - 2006
PURPOSE: To present our experience with ureteroscopy and holmium laser lithotripsy in pregnant patients and discuss the need for stents postoperatively. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed on seven consecutive pregnant patients presenting with renal colic necessitating intervention between 1997 and 2003. One patient presented during the first, ...
Awadallah Nida S NS Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, Denver, Colorado, - - 2006
Assess the role of cholangioscopy in primary sclerosing cholangitis for 1) detection of cholangiocarcinoma using cholangioscopy-assisted biopsy 2) detection of stones not seen on cholangiography 3) stone removal with cholangioscopy-directed lithotripsy. Prospective cohort of consecutive patients referred for cholangioscopy to evaluate dominant strictures or stones. A data collection sheet was ...
Gurocak Serhat - - 2006
PURPOSE: We aimed to investigate the probable effect of pelvicaliceal anatomical differences between stone bearing and normal contralateral kidneys on the etiology of stone formation in children with a solitary lower pole caliceal stone. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We reviewed the clinical records of 25 pediatric patients who underwent SWL for ...
Vanek Vincent W - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to analyze the frequency and results of preoperative biliary and gastrointestinal (GI) evaluation of patients undergoing Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB). METHODS: Retrospective review of the preoperative evaluation of 144 consecutive RYGB patients. RESULTS: Cholecystectomy had already been performed in 43 (30%) patients; 22% ...
Gupta Pawan K - - 2006
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: We report our initial experience with a prototype ureteroscope having the smallest tip diameter and shaft with an offset eyepiece for the treatment of ureteral stones. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A series of 21 male and 4 female patients between the ages of 1.5 and 57 years underwent ...
Stathopoulos Panos P Department of Medicine II, Klinikum Grosshadern, Ludwig-Maximilians University, Munich, - - 2006
Inflammatory alterations of the gastric mucosa are commonly caused by Helicobacter pylori (Hp) infection in patients with symptomatic gallstone disease. However, the additional pathogenetic role of an impaired gallbladder function leading to an increased alkaline duodenogastric reflux is controversially discussed. To investigate the relation of gallbladder function and Hp infection ...
Chin KH., Sahlén AO, ...
Background: Gallstones disease associated with biliary symptoms such as gallbladder dyspepsia (episgastric discomfort, flatulence, intermittent nausea with fat intolerance), and biliary colic (abdominal pain localised in the right upper quadrant) is commonly treated by cholecystectomy. In contrast, biliary symptoms in the absence of gallstones (acalculous biliary symptoms, ABS) often constitute ...
Tsalis Kostas - - 2005
The aim of this study is to analyze our experience with the management of bile duct injuries (BDIs) following laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC). From 1996 to 2004, 21 patients with BDI after LC were treated in our department. The BDIs were graded according to the classification of Strasberg. Ten patients had ...
Law Joanna K JK Department of Medicine, Vancouver Hospital and Health Sciences Centre, British - - 2005
Intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma, an increasingly recognized primary tumour of the liver, is associated with a very poor prognosis. A patient with this tumour who presented with Budd-Chiari syndrome (the first to the authors' knowledge in Western literature and only the third patient overall) secondary to extensive thrombosis in his inferior vena ...
Oppelt Peter - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The Mayer-Rokitansky-Kuester-Hauser (MRKH) syndrome is a malformation of the female genitals (occurring in one in 4000 female live births) as a result of interrupted embryonic development of the Müllerian (paramesonephric) ducts. This retrospective study examined the issue of associated malformations, subtyping, and the frequency distribution of subtypes in MRKH ...
Brandsaeter Bjorn - - 2005
Primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) is a well-established indication for orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT), but post-OLT bile duct strictures complicate the outcome for these patients. These strictures might represent recurrent PSC (rPSC). To estimate the risk factors for post-OLT non-anastomotic bile duct strictures in PSC patients and to find their possible ...
Stewart Lygia - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Elderly male patients are thought to have a higher incidence of biliary infections. This demographic is common among veterans, so we analyzed the spectrum of gallstone disease in a large veteran population. METHODS: A total of 285 patients with gallstone disease were studied. There were 27 women and 258 ...
Peng W K - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The role of liver function tests (LFTs) in evaluating common bile duct (CBD) stones in patients with cholelithiasis has been studied widely. However, it is not clear whether these predictive models are useful in inflammatory gallstone disease. METHODS: A review was undertaken of 385 consecutive patients admitted as an ...
Sharma Ranjna - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Minimally invasive techniques are being used increasingly in patients with benign and malignant breast diseases. The purpose of this study was to compare the diagnostic yield of 2 groups of patients who underwent either minimally invasive microductectomy or major duct excision for pathologic nipple discharge. METHODS: Two hundred thirty-five ...
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >