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Said Karouk K Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Karolinska Institute, Karolinska University Hospital, Huddinge, 14186 Stockholm, Sweden. - - 2009
To assess gallbladder emptying and its association with cholecystitis and abdominal pain in patients with primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC). Twenty patients with PSC and ten healthy subjects were investigated. Gallbladder fasting volume, ejection fraction and residual volume after ingestion of a test meal were compared in patients with PSC and ...
Alatise Olusegun I - - 2010
Gallstone disease is a major health problem in many parts of the world. In Nigeria, however, only a few cases of gallstone disease are reported. Minor/trace elements are reported to play a significant role in the formation of gallstones. This study was conducted to assess the minor elements in gallstone ...
Kamisawa Terumi - - 2009
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Characteristic radiological features of biliary lesions in patients with autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP) have not yet been identified. METHODOLOGY: Bile duct lesions and their relationships to other clinical findings were assessed in 43 AIP patients. RESULTS: Of the 43 AIP patients, 34 (79%) had bile duct stenosis. In all the ...
Hosseini Mohammad Mehdi - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Metabolic disorders are one of the etiologic factors in renal stone formation. The aim of present study was to evaluate prevalence of metabolic disorders in patients with renal stone. METHODS: From 572 patients referring to our urologic clinics, 376 patients participated in the study. Patients were divided to first ...
Cerçi Sevim Süreyya SS Department of Nuclear Medicine, University of Suleyman Demirel Hospital, Isparta, Turkey. - - 2009
To investigate the effects of gallbladder stones on motor functions of the gallbladder and the dynamics of bile flow in asymptomatic gallstone disease. Quantitative hepatobiliary scintigraphy was performed to detect the parameters of gallbladder motor function [gallbladder ejection fraction (GBEF), gallbladder visualization time (GBVT), gallbladder time to peak activity (GBT(max)), ...
Shabbir Muhammad - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To assess the results of anterograde transcatheter closure of a large sized patent ductus arteriosus using the Amplatzer Duct Occluder (ADO) device. STUDY DESIGN: A case series. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Department of Cardiology, Armed Forces Institute of Cardiology and National Institute of Heart Diseases, Rawalpindi, from January ...
Ito Hiromichi - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Polypoid lesions of the gallbladder (PLG) are commonly seen on ultrasonography (US), but optimal management of this problem is ill-defined. The aims of this study were to assess the natural history and the histologic characteristics of US-detected PLG. STUDY DESIGN: Patients with PLG detected by abdominal US were identified ...
Habib Lubna - - 2009
Cholelithiasis is a common problem in west as well as in developing nations and its incidence is continuously rising. It has become routine to order LFT's in every patient undergoing cholecystectomy for symptomatic cholelithiasis. To evaluate the usefulness of routine Liver Function Tests (LFT's) in patients with symptomatic cholelithiasis. This ...
Mukhopadhyay Madhumita - - 2009
History of ascariasis is known to stretch back many centuries. One quarter of the world's population is known to be infected by ascariasis. It is endemic in various parts of the Indian subcontinent and the gangetic plain of West Bengal is one of them. We aimed to study the various ...
Suk Ki Tae - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Gallbladder wall thickening (GWT) is often observed in patients with acute hepatitis (AH). However, little is known regarding the relationship between AH and GWT. We analyzed the characteristics of GWT in patients with AH. METHOD: Between April 2002 and April 2007, 232 patients with AH underwent a sonographic examination. ...
Bansal Amar D - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Data from several countries suggest a recent world-wide increase in the prevalence of stone disease. However, these studies have not analyzed the effect that increases in utilization of imaging modalities have had on detection of asymptomatic stones. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS: A retrospective chart review of ...
Choi Dongil - - 2009
We measured changes in sonographic findings of patients with clonorchiasis after a treatment in a highly endemic area. A total of 347 residents showed positive stool results for Clonorchis sinensis eggs in a village in northeastern China, and were treated with praziquantel. Of them, 132 patients underwent abdominal sonography both ...
Cheon Young Koog - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The therapeutic approach in patients with sphincter of Oddi (SO) dysfunction (SOD) aims to reduce the resistance to the flow of bile or pancreatic juice. Vardenafil inhibits the activity of phosphodiesterase type 5 (PDE-5), which degrades cyclic guanossine monophosphate (cGMP) and results in relaxation of smooth muscle. OBJECTIVE: The ...
Li Tao - - 2009
BACKGROUND & AIMS: There is controversy regarding the term biliary intraductal papillary neoplasms (IPN-B) and their pathology, which frequently are confused with hepatic mucinous cystic neoplasms (MCN). We aimed to summarize the clinicopathologic features of IPN-B and differentiate them from MCN. METHODS: From January 1998 to December 2007, there were ...
Petrosyan Mikael - - 2009
The presenting pattern and natural progression of biochemical markers of biliary tract obstruction in patients with gallstone pancreatitis have not been elucidated. We analyzed serial values of bilirubin levels following admission to discharge in 143 patients. Ninety-four of patients demonstrated a Decrescendo (falling) pattern of bilirubin levels from admission until ...
Kochhar Rakesh - - 2009
CONTEXT: Anomalous junction of pancreaticobiliary ducts is a condition in which the pancreatic duct and the bile duct join outside the duodenal wall with a long common channel. The most accepted classification of various types of anomalous pancreaticobiliary junction is the new Komi classification. The majority of cases of type ...
Akolekar Deepika - - 2009
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The aim of this study was to assess the practice of performing intraoperative cholangiography (IOC) during laparoscopic cholecystectomy in a busy teaching hospital. METHODS: Data were obtained from a surgical database for patients who underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy between January 2000 and December 2003. The findings of IOC and follow-up ...
Chan Hoi-Hung - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The recurrence rate of common bile duct stones (CBDS) is around 3-21% after treatment by endoscopic sphincterotomy (ES). Fatty meal has been shown to improve hepatic clearance in both patients with intact gallbladder and post-cholecystectomy after ES. This study tested the effects of different kinds of food on hepatic ...
Horakova M - - 2009
AIM: The important question to be answered in all cases of ABP is whether or not a calculous biliary obstruction is still present. Answering this question conditions subsequent management, including the need for endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP). The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between persistent common ...
Shirouzu Yasumasa - - 2008
Hepaticojejunostomy is a standard biliary reconstruction method for infantile living donor liver transplantation (LDLT), but choledochocholedochostomy for infants is not generally accepted yet. Ten pediatric recipients weighing no more than 10 kg underwent duct-to-duct choledochocholedochostomy (DD) for biliary reconstruction for LDLT. Patients were followed up for a median period of ...
Oto A - - 2009
This study aimed to determine the usefulness of MR cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) in the evaluation of pregnant patients with acute pancreaticobiliary disease and its additional value over ultrasound. MRI studies of pregnant patients who were referred because of acute pancreaticobiliary disease were included. MR images and patient charts were reviewed retrospectively ...
Nakayama Mauro - - 2008
PURPOSE: To determine gallbladder volume with sonography during fasting and in response to a fatty meal in patients with spinal cord injuries (SCIs) and compare the results with those obtained in healthy controls. METHOD: Forty-three patients with SCI and 40 healthy volunteers without clinical evidence of gallbladder disease underwent sonography ...
Malik A M AM Department of Surgery, Liaquat University of Medical and Health Sciences, Jamshoro, Sindh, Pakistan. - - 2008
An overall increase in the incidence of paediatric cholelithiasis forms the basis of this study, which aims to investigate the overall changing clinical pattern of cholelithiasis. This is a retrospective observational descriptive study including twenty three (23) patients with gallstones admitted and operated during June 2006-June 2008 in surgical department ...
Lee Hyeon Kook - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Severe cholecystitis occurs more frequently in males, and the cause of this discrepancy is unknown. METHODS: A retrospective study was performed on 910 consecutive patients who underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy for cholecystitis. The patients were classified according to body mass index (BMI) as obese (n = 354, BMI > or ...
Kit Laura Chang - - 2008
We aimed to determine the epidemiology, risk factors, clinical characteristics, evaluation and course of patients with urolithiasis at the Children's Hospital of Eastern Ontario to improve current diagnostic and management strategies. This was a retrospective study of children with newly identified urolithiasis between Jan. 1, 1999, and July 31, 2004. ...
Attanasio R - - 2008
CONTEXT: Development of gallstones (GS) is reported during the use of somatostatin analogs (SA) that are at present the mainstay for the medical treatment of acromegaly. OBJECTIVE: To review the prevalence and clinical and biochemical correlates of GS in acromegalic patients. DESIGN AND SETTING: Retrospective survey on hospital records in ...
Panteris Vasilios - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Periampullary diverticula (PAD) are found in 9% to 32% of patients who undergo an ERCP. Published studies confer conflicting results regarding the true impact of PAD on the technical success and complications of ERCP. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to investigate and compare success rate, difficulty at ...
Hayashi Sadao - - 2008
We report a 54-year-old male patient with arteriovenous malformation located at the common bile duct and hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia. The patient was treated as gallstone pancreatitis at first. Three days after endoscopic nasobiliary drainage (ENBD) for biliary drainage to subside gallstone pancreatitis, hemobilia was drained from the ENBD tube and ...
Sabbaghian M Shirin - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: This study was designed to compare symptomatic outcomes following cholecystectomy in patients with biliary dyskinesia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From 1999 to 2006 at New York University Medical Center, 197 adults underwent hepatobiliary scintigraphy with cholecystokinin administration to evaluate gallbladder ejection fraction (GBEF). Biliary dyskinesia was demonstrated in 120 patients ...
Machi Junji - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Laparoscopic ultrasound (LUS) has been used for over 15 years to screen the bile duct (BD) for stones and to delineate anatomy during laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC). LUS as a modality to prevent BD injury has not been investigated in a large series. This study evaluated the routine use of ...
Yoon Gerald - - 2008
PURPOSE: The determine the usefulness of urinalysis in monitoring patients with distal ureterolithiasis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with microhematuria who were found to have a distal ureteral stone and who were candidates for conservative management were enrolled in the study. Patients were typically seen in clinic at 1 to 2 ...
Sharma Shyam Sunder - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Management of choledocholithiasis during pregnancy is difficult. The aim of this study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of managing common bile duct (CBD) stones during pregnancy using a two-stage procedure without any fetal radiation exposure. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Eleven consecutive pregnant women treated endoscopically for ...
Erdogan D - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Immunoglobulin (Ig) G(4)-related lymphoplasmacytic sclerosing pancreatitis has been described in the context of autoimmune pancreatitis mimicking distal cholangiocarcinoma. The aim of this study was to assess the occurrence of this entity in benign bile duct strictures in patients resected for presumed hilar cholangiocarcinoma. METHODS: Of 185 patients who had ...
Griniatsos John - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of percutaneous cholecystostomy without interval cholecystectomy as definitive treatment for acute cholecystitis in elderly or critically ill patients with various coexisting diseases who were unfit for surgery under general anesthesia. DESIGN: Between July 2004 and June 2006, ...
Pannala R - - 2008
AIM: A subset of patients with acute cholecystitis is severely ill and extremely high-risk to undergo cholecystectomy. Data on the use of endoscopic transpapillary gallbladder drainage (ETGBD) in the treatment of acute cholecystitis are limited. This article reviews the 10-year experience of ETGBD at Mayo Clinic and evaluated patient and ...
Sugo Takakazu - - 2008
AIM: To analyze gallbladder contractility in patients with black pigment stones (BPSs) and to compare this with patients with cholesterol stones (CSs) and healthy volunteers. METHODS: The pattern of bile evacuation from the gallbladder was quantified by computer cholescintigraphy in 28 normal subjects, 22 patients with CSs and 14 with ...
Mortensen Frank Viborg - - 2008
Sphincterotomy of the ampulla of Vater--a common diagnostic and therapeutic procedure that is sometimes done during endoscopic retrograde cholangiography (ERC)--allows reflux of intestinal content into the biliary tree. The resulting inflammation may contribute to malignant transformation of the biliary epithelium and therefore increase the risk of cholangiocarcinoma. We used data ...
Ross Ashley E - - 2008
Kidney stones can be a source of considerable morbidity for pregnant women. Although there is a body of literature confirming that different stone compositions predominate for different age and sex cohorts, there have been no similar reports characterizing the nature of stone disease during pregnancy. We performed a multi-institutional study ...
Hashemzehi Morad - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To study narcotic drug abuse, particularly opiate addiction, and other risk factors in patients with acute cholecystitis. METHODS: In this prospective cross sectional study, variables such as age, gender, weight, narcotics drug abuse, hormone taking, number of pregnancies, and coexistent disease(s) were recorded in pre-designed forms for 100 consecutive ...
Levy Michael J - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Standard techniques for evaluating bile duct strictures have poor sensitivity for detection of malignancy. Newer imaging modalities, such as intraductal ultrasound (IDUS), and advanced cytologic techniques, such as digital image analysis (DIA) and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH), identify chromosomal abnormalities, and may improve sensitivity while maintaining ...
Bedir Selahattin - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Data concerning extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (SWL) management of small (< or = 5 mm) asymptomatic renal caliceal stones are lacking in the literature. In this study, we aimed to determine the effectiveness of SWL in a special group of patients who had very small (< or ...
Veras Neto Magno Cardoso - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate gallbladder motility in constipated children. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted on pediatric patients with refractory constipation examined in a pediatric gastroenterology unit of a teaching hospital between January 2005 and August 2006. All of the patients seen during ...
Kapoor Rahul - - 2008
PURPOSE: We reviewed our experience with percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) in patients in the pediatric age group and compared its efficacy and safety over a 5-year period. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We studied retrospectively and prospectively 31 patients who were treated with PCNL for renal stones larger than 1.5 cm. Variables assessed ...
Asplin John R - - 2008
Kidney stones are one of the most common chronic disorders in industrialized countries. In patients with kidney stones, the goal of medical therapy is to prevent the formation of new kidney stones and to reduce growth of existing stones. The evaluation of the patient with kidney stones should identify dietary, ...
Huang Chen-Chih - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to determine the usefulness and optimal cutoff point of decreased renal parenchymal density (DRD) for diagnosis of ureteral stone disease (USD) in emergent patients with acute flank pain. METHODS: A total of 85 emergency patients with acute flank pain who underwent unenhanced helical ...
Domeyer Philip J - - 2008
BACKGROUND: [corrected] The present study focused on cholecystectomized elderly patients and aimed to investigate whether inflammation in the gallbladder wall was associated with the number and size of gallstones, as well as the patients' age. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The present study included 306 cholecystectomized patients aged over 65 years. From ...
Bj?rnsson Einar - - 2008
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: Systematic data are limited on the etiology and prognosis of unselected patients with obstructive jaundice (OJ). We aimed to review the clinical features, etiology, and prognosis of patients with OJ. METHODS: All adult patients with bilirubin >or= 5.85 mg/dL (100 micromol/L) at a university hospital in Sweden in 2003-2004 ...
Rana Abdul Majid - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: Percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) has historically been performed with the patient in the prone position, which has inherent drawbacks. Supine PCNL has numerous benefits in terms of safety, efficacy, and versatility and is comparable with respect to vascular and bowel injury. This study was intended to prove that PCNL with ...
Dhalluin-Venier Valérie - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the biliary penetration of ciprofloxacin and cefotaxime in patients with obstructed bile ducts and to determine simple predictive markers of effective biliary concentrations of these drugs. METHODS: Sixty-two patients treated with endoscopic biliary drainage were prospectively included in a nonrandomized way and received intravenous ciprofloxacin (200 mg ...
Agarwal G S - - 2008
PURPOSE/BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate latent manganese toxicity in patients with biliary atresia and to use this tool to predict the prognosis of biliary atresia patients after Kasai's portoenterostomy. METHODS: 14 patients who underwent Kasai's portoenterostomy between 1993 and 2005 were included in the study. Whole ...
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