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Yang Ming-Chun - - 2010
The aim of the present study was to determine the rate of early-onset biliary atresia (BA) and its implications, for embryonic-type BA in Taiwan, a high-prevalence area for BA. The relationship between the timing of disease onset and congenital extrahepatic anomalies was also identified. Medical records of 130 infants born ...
Lee Chao-Te - - 2010
Renal colic caused by ureteral stone is commonly encountered in the emergency department (ED). This study was designed to measure meridian electrical conductance of patients with ureteral stone in emergency settings. A cohort of patients who had ureteral calculus and acute renal colic and who had visited the ED was ...
Sharif Amar W - - 2010
Cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) has a poor prognosis and its aetiology is inadequately understood. Magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) of bile may provide insights into the pathogenesis of CCA and help identify novel diagnostic biomarkers. The aim of this study was to compare the chemical composition of bile from patients with CCA with ...
Ertan Pelin - - 2011
Pediatric urolithiasis is an endemic disease in Turkey. We evaluated the clinical, radiological and metabolic features of children with urolithiasis in Western Turkey. We retrospectively reviewed the records of 85 children with urolithiasis who were followed-up between 2004 and 2010 in Pediatric Nephrology Department of Celal Bayar University, Manisa. The ...
Bouzidi Hassan - - 2011
Primary hyperparathyroidism (HPT) is a common cause of urolithiasis. Only a few data are available on stone composition and morphology in HPT patients. We compared the composition and morphology of stones from 264 HPT patients (143 males and 121 females) and 24 567 non-HPT stone formers (16 918 males and 7649 females) ...
Kim Kyeong Ok - - 2010
Endoscopic sphincterotomy (EST) is a standard procedure for the removal of bile duct stones. However, additional EST may increase the risk of bleeding and perforation in patients with prior EST. Endoscopic papillary large balloon dilation (EPLBD) can be an alternative method for removing recurrent common bile duct stones with lower ...
Ross William A - - 2010
Little information is available to guide clinicians on the optimal approach to managing obstructive jaundice in lymphoma patients. The aim of this study was to review our experience in treating lymphoma patients with obstructive jaundice in order to develop guidelines as to the best interventional approach. We reviewed the medical ...
Sejiny Majed - - 2010
PURPOSE: We aim to evaluate the outcome of flexible ureterorenoscopy (F-URS) with a holmium laser in managing stone-bearing caliceal diverticula as a minimally invasive option. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the records of 38 patients who underwent F-URS using a holmium laser from 2003 to 2009 for symptomatic stone-bearing ...
Barie Philip S - - 2010
Acute acalculous cholecystitis (ACC) can develop with or without gallstones after surgery and in critically ill or injured patients. Diabetes mellitus, malignant disease, abdominal vasculitis, congestive heart failure, cholesterol embolization, shock, and cardiac arrest also have been associated with AAC. The pathogenesis of AAC is complex and multifactorial. Ultrasound of ...
Moricz André de - - 2010
Establish the prevalence of Helicobacter spp in chronic cholecystitis and its correlation with the gallbladder's histological findings. 100 patients were operated for chronic cholecystitis with cholecystolithiasis. In pathological examination of the gallbladder, were evaluated the presence of metaplasia, dysplasia, lymphoid follicles, anaplasia and tumors that might be related to the ...
Anderson Kerry - - 2010
The aims of this study were to investigate the predictive value of an elevated level of alanine transaminase (ALT) for biliary acute pancreatitis (AP) and to reconsider the role of abdominal ultrasound (AUS). All patients admitted to Christchurch Public Hospital with AP between July 2005 and December 2008 were identified ...
Shin A Mi - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to analyze the records of patients diagnosed with essential hypertension using association rule mining (ARM). Patients with essential hypertension (ICD code, I10) were extracted from a hospital's data warehouse and a data mart constructed for analysis. Apriori modeling of the ARM method and web ...
Mertens Marlies C - - 2010
As many patients with gallstone disease do not benefit from cholecystectomy, preoperative recognition of such high-risk patients is important. The aim of the study is to identify predictors of persisting symptoms at 6 months after cholecystectomy for patients with different preoperative symptomatology. Participants in this prospective study were consecutive patients ...
Kim Ji Hun - - 2010
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The aim of this study was to analyze the clinical/pathological outcomes of patients that underwent surgery for gallbladder adenomyomatosis, to clarify the characteristics of the type and pathogenesis of adenomyomatosis. METHODOLOGY: From May 1997 to March 2008, 4704 consecutive patients underwent cholecystectomy at Ajou University Medical Center. Among them, ...
Chen Kuo-Chih - - 2011
Controversy remains over the imaging method of choice for evaluating acute pyelonephritis (APN) in the emergency department (ED). The aim of the study was to determine the efficacy of ultrasound in the diagnosis and management of patients presented to the ED with APN. This was a retrospective study of prospectively ...
Lee Shou-Wu - - 2010
Acute calculous cholecystitis is a condition in which the gallbladder becomes inflamed due to cholelithiasis. Early diagnosis reduces both mortality and morbidity. The aim of this retrospective study was to assess the diagnostic value of the Tokyo guidelines in patients with acute cholecystitis. The medical records of patients admitted for ...
Khalid Usman - - 2010
Bile acid malabsorption (BAM) is never life threatening but can cause chronic symptoms. A survey of senior British gastroenterologists was conducted to examine their approach to patients with potential BAM. Of the 706 gastroenterologists contacted, 62% replied. Gastroenterologists see on average 500 new patients in clinic annually; 34% have chronic ...
Festi Davide - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The knowledge of natural history is essential for disease management. We evaluated the natural history (e.g. frequency and characteristics of symptoms and clinical outcome) of gallstones (GS) in a population-based cohort study. METHODS: A total of 11 229 subjects (6610 men, 4619 women, age-range: 29-69 years, mean ...
Kosaka T - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Helicobacter bilis is considered to be a causative factor in the pathogenesis of biliary cancer. This study investigated the prevalence of H. bilis colonization of the biliary system of patients with pancreaticobiliary maljunction (PBM). METHODS: Bile juice and biliary tissue samples were collected from 17 patients with PBM and ...
Walter B - - 2010
HISTORY: Three unrelated patients presented within three months at the Central Hospital of Augsburg, Southern Germany, with jaundice of initially unknown etiology. Patient (Pt.) 1, a 51-year old man was admitted with a history of nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, jaundice and anuria. Pt. 2 was a 58-year-old man who had fever ...
Ringe Kristina I - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to determine transit times for excretion of Gd-EOB-DTPA into different segments of the hepatobiliary system in patients with normal liver function. This retrospective study was IRB approved with a waiver of consent granted. 61 patients (39 female, 22 male, mean age 52.5 years) with ...
Sugai Michihiro - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Sonographic demonstration of extramural and intrapancreatic junction of the pancreatic and bile ducts, pathognomonic for pancreatico-biliary maljunction (PBM), is not easy in pediatric patients. We measured sonographic thickness of the gallbladder (GB) and retrospectively examined correlation of it with PBM. METHODS: Twenty-seven children with PBM were examined with conventional ...
Hasson Oscar - - 2010
PURPOSE: To revisit and reintroduce sialography as an important tool for the assessment and diagnosis of salivary gland obstruction. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A sample of 30 consecutive patients undergoing sialography was selected. Parotid sialography was performed in 22 patients (12 females and 10 males). The patients undergoing parotid sialography presented ...
Ardesj? Brita - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) is an inflammatory disease of the bile ducts with an unknown etiology. A number of autoantigens have been proposed, but an early diagnostic marker is still lacking. Our aim was to identify such an autoantigen. METHODS: Immunostaining was performed on normal human bile duct with ...
Goertz Jacob K - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to determine if the degree of hydronephrosis on focused emergency renal ultrasound correlates with kidney stone size on computed tomography. METHODS: A retrospective study was performed on all adult patients in the emergency department who had a focused emergency renal ultrasound and ureterolithiasis ...
Kolahdoozan Shadi - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: To determine the time to normalization of common bile duct (CBD) diameter after endoscopic sphincterotomy and stone extraction in patients with choledocholithiasis. METHODS: Patients with CBD dilation due to choledocholithiasis were enrolled. CBD diameter was measured by transabdominal ultrasonography before, and repeated after one, three, six and ...
Cvetković Z P - - 2010
In healthy population, uric acid comprises the major component of 10-20% of renal stones. Extreme hiperuricaemia is seen in cancer patients with tumour lysis syndrome (TLS) which is classically associated with haematological malignancies with rapid tumour growth rates such as acute lymphoid leukaemia and high grade lymphomas. Primary melofibrosis (Agnogenic ...
Yacoub Wael N - - 2010
The objective was to develop a score, to stratify patients with acute cholecystitis into high, intermediate, or low probability of gangrenous cholecystitis. The probability of gangrenous cholecystitis (score) was derived from a logistic regression of a clinical and pathological review of 245 patients undergoing urgent cholecystectomy. Sixty-eight patients had gangrenous ...
Nakamuta M - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Bezafibrate (BF) has been used to treat biliary damage, particularly in patients with primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC), and its clinical efficacy has been demonstrated. The mechanism of action is thought to involve activation of the PPARalpha-MDR3-phospholipid (PL) secretion pathway. We tried to confirm this hypothesis in patients with hepatobiliary ...
Lee Tze-Yu - - 2009
AIM: To compare clinical presentation and ultrasound (US) and computed tomography (CT) sensitivity between intraluminal and infiltrating gallbladder carcinoma (GBCA). METHODS: This retrospective study evaluated 65 cases of GBCA that were categorized morphologically into the intraluminal-GBCA (n = 37) and infiltrating-GBCA (n = 28) groups. The clinical and laboratory findings, ...
Khashab M A - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: Sphincter of Oddi manometry (SOM), performed at endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP), is the gold standard for diagnosing sphincter of Oddi dysfunction (SOD). The question remains as to whether the short-term manometric recordings reflect the 24-hour pathophysiology of the sphincter. The aim of this study was to ...
Salerno S - - 2009
Ductal evagination is a rare condition affecting the Wharton duct. The aim of this study was to establish the incidence, imaging features and clinical significance of ductal evagination in patients undergoing submandibular gland sialography. The sialographic findings and reports of 322 patients undergoing submandibular gland sialography during the period 1998-2007 ...
Ciftci Halil - - 2010
The aims of our study are to evaluate ureterovesical jet flow Doppler ultrasound (US) in patients with residual ureteral stone after extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) and to compare with unobstructed contralateral ureter. Patients who have residual ureteral stone in intravenous pyelography (IVP) and/or computed tomography (CT) after ESWL and ...
Nagra I - - 2010
Our aim was to assess the preliminary clinical outcomes of interventional radiology for salivary duct obstruction in relation to salivary duct strictures or calculi. A retrospective analysis of consecutive patients referred for endoluminal procedures by ENT surgeons during a 4-year period were identified. The procedure was performed by a single ...
Aksoy Hulya - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the association of fetuin-A polymorphisms with calcium oxalate nephrolithiasis. Fetuin-A is a circulating calcium-regulatory glycoprotein that inhibits extraosseous calcification. METHODS: Fetuin-A c.742C > T and c.766C > G polymorphisms were investigated in 103 patients with calcium oxalate nephrolithiasis and 73 age- and gender-matched healthy volunteers, using polymerase ...
Tsai Hong-Ming - - 2009
AIM: To identify factors that were related to the short term effectiveness of percutaneous transhepatic biliary drainage in cholangiocarcinoma patients and to evaluate the impact of palliative drainage on their survival. METHODS: Seventy-four patients with hilar cholangiocarcinoma who underwent percutaneous biliary drainage were enrolled in the study. The demographic and ...
Satchi Khami - - 2010
PURPOSE: Congenital supernumerary lacrimal puncta and canaliculi are rarely reported. Our purpose is to present the largest series of patients with supernumerary puncta and to describe the clinical presentation and associated lacrimal anomalies. DESIGN: Observational retrospective case series. PARTICIPANTS: All patients diagnosed with supernumerary puncta by a single surgeon between ...
Saucier Nathan A - - 2010
Kidney stones are associated with increased risk of chronic kidney disease (CKD); however, risk factors in the general community are poorly defined. A nested case-control study was performed in residents of Olmsted County, MN, who presented with a kidney stone at the Mayo Clinic in 1980-1994 to contrast patients with ...
Varma Gayathri - - 2009
This study was done to identify the value of the commonly performed investigations available for identifying urinary stone disease, namely X-ray of the kidney, ureter and bladder (KUB) regions and ultrasound scan (USS) to recognize stones in patients suspected to have the disease. Two hundred patients who attended the stone ...
Scaffidi M G - - 2009
AIM: As it is a non-invasive method, magnetic resonance cholangiography (MRCP) has almost completely replaced endoscopic retrograde cholangiography (ERCP) in the diagnosis of pancreato-biliary diseases. The aim of this study was to evaluate sensitivity, specificity, diagnostic accuracy, positive predictive value (PPV) and negative predictive value (NPV) of MRCP in diagnosis ...
Koch Michael - - 2009
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: To assess stenoses of Stensen's duct considering findings provided by sialendoscopy-based direct visualization. A practical classification scheme based on different parameters is presented. METHODS: Ultrasonography and sialendoscopy were used to diagnose and analyze symptomatic stenoses of the parotid gland excretory duct in 93 patients. Sialendoscopy was performed with semirigid ...
Ketelsen Dominik - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to assess variations in the diameter of the common bile duct in patients with gastrointestinal graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) undergoing abdominal CT after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation and to correlate the findings with laboratory results on cholestasis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a ...
Baltas C S - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: We used ultrasonography to detect the presence of biliary sludge or gallstones in Greek patients with complete high spinal cord injury (SCI) above the seventh thoracic segment (T7), within the first six months from injury onset, in order to evaluate the effects of neurological instability and dysfunction of the ...
Chang Chen-Wang - - 2009
AIM: To investigate acute transient hepatocellular injury in patients with cholelithiasis and cholecystitis but no evidence of choledocholithiasis. METHODS: The medical records of patients with cholelithiasis who underwent cholecystectomy between July 2003 and June 2007 were retrospectively reviewed. Imaging studies to detect common bile duct (CBD) stones were performed in ...
Hemal Ashok K - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: To review the feasibility and outcome of retroperitoneoscopic nephrectomy (RPN) for pyonephrotic nonfunctioning kidneys. METHODS: RPN for pyonephrotic nonfunctioning kidneys was used in 52 patients from July 2001 to May 2007. Percutaneous nephrostomy drainage was instituted in 46 patients because of sepsis before being referred to our institute. However, ...
Ignee A - - 2009
We present our experience with contrast-enhanced ultrasound-guided percutaneous transhepatic cholangiodrainage in eight patients with obstructive jaundice and failure of conventional endoscopic retrograde cholangiography. The intraductal application of the ultrasound contrast agent led to sufficient cholangiography in all patients. In one patient, after accidental dislocation of the bile duct drain, the ...
Lewin Maïté - - 2009
The development of sclerosing cholangitis (SC) is observed in up to 50% of children followed up for autoimmune hepatitis (AIH). In adults, the prevalence is less known, although a recent study found evidence of SC in 10% of AIH patients using magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP). The aim of this study ...
Said Karouk - - 2009
AIM: To assess gallbladder emptying and its association with cholecystitis and abdominal pain in patients with primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC). METHODS: Twenty patients with PSC and ten healthy subjects were investigated. Gallbladder fasting volume, ejection fraction and residual volume after ingestion of a test meal were compared in patients with ...
Alatise Olusegun I - - 2010
Gallstone disease is a major health problem in many parts of the world. In Nigeria, however, only a few cases of gallstone disease are reported. Minor/trace elements are reported to play a significant role in the formation of gallstones. This study was conducted to assess the minor elements in gallstone ...
Kamisawa Terumi - - 2009
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Characteristic radiological features of biliary lesions in patients with autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP) have not yet been identified. METHODOLOGY: Bile duct lesions and their relationships to other clinical findings were assessed in 43 AIP patients. RESULTS: Of the 43 AIP patients, 34 (79%) had bile duct stenosis. In all the ...
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