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Results 451 - 500 of 1501
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Duncan N D - - 2000
Twenty-seven children aged 18 years and under with homozygous sickle-cell disease had open cholecystectomy for symptomatic gallstones over the 12-year period 1985-1997. Emergency procedures (done during period of acute exacerbation of symptoms) were performed on 16 patients. Four with haemoglobin levels greater than 1 g/dl below their steady state received ...
Csendes A - - 2000
The development of gallbladder carcinoma has been correlated with the presence of a single large gallstone in two retrospective studies. The objective of the present study was to determine the number and size of gallstones in patients with gallbladder carcinoma compared to asymptomatic and symptomatic female patients with gallstones. The ...
Petelenz M - - 2000
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: Cardiopulmonary complications have been reported during upper gastrointestinal endoscopy and endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP). The aim of this study was to evaluate the sympathovagal response to the stretching of the common bile duct caused by contrast medium injection during ERCP. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The 16 patients ...
Kuo K K - - 2000
The purpose of this study was to explore a difference in sphincter of Oddi (SO) motor activity among patients with intrahepatic (I, N = 5), intra- and extrahepatic (IE, N = 15), and common bile duct (CBD, N = 6) stones. Interdigestive motility of the SO and duodenum was studied ...
Dretler S P - - 2000
BACKGROUND: The cephalad migration of proximal ureteral calculi accounts for a high percentage of ureteroscopic failures. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A balloon on a wire is a single-channel 0.038-inch hollow guidewire with a low-profile balloon, which is inflatable to 12F. Forty-two consecutive patients with proximal ureteral calculi underwent ureteroscopy with the ...
Stewart L - - 2000
Pigment stones are thought to form as a result of deconjugation of bilirubin by bacterial beta-glucuronidase, which results in precipitation of calcium bilirubinate. Calcium bilirubinate is then aggregated into stones by an anionic glycoprotein. Slime (glycocalyx), an anionic glycoprotein produced by bacteria causing foreign body infections, has been implicated in ...
O'Neill G T - - 2000
One hundred and ninety nine cholescintigrams were performed at our hospital between January 1993 and December 1998. Of these, 96 were performed as part of the investigation of right upper quadrant or epigastric pain in patients whose prior biliary ultrasound scans had shown no abnormalities. In this group of patients, ...
Akerlund J E - - 2000
Total or subtotal colectomy is the surgical treatment of choice for patients with ulcerative colitis. Recently it has been reported that colectomy may lead to increased lithogenicity of bile, short nucleation time, cholesterol crystal formation, and gallstone disease. We examined whether colectomy in patients with ulcerative colitis leads to changes ...
Cummings J M - - 2000
PURPOSE: Although a consensus exists that small stones presenting in the distal ureter have a good probability of spontaneous passage, it is difficult to predict in individuals whether a particular ureteral stone would pass or require intervention. If an accurate judgment were made at presentation on the likelihood of stone ...
Palazzo L - - 2000
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: Bile duct varices are not a well-recognized feature of portal venous obstruction. The aim of the present study was to describe the clinical and endosonographic features of biliary involvement in patients with extrahepatic portal venous obstruction (EPVO). PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted of ...
Pazzi P - - 2000
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Impaired gallbladder motor functions are important in the pathogenesis of primary cholesterol gallstones, and possibly in the pathogenesis of recurrent gallstones. By using ultrasonography and cholescintigraphy simultaneously, we recently defined new parameters of gallbladder motor function (postprandial refilling and turnover in addition to emptying), which were markedly ...
Rivers K - - 2000
Nephrolithiasis is a common disorder that afflicts up to 12% of the population and continues to be a significant cause of patient injury. Evaluation of these patients should include the assessment of their comorbidities and underlying medical conditions. Patients who form stones can undergo a streamlined evaluation. A cause can ...
Ung K A - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: Bile acids are important for fat absorption. The relationship between bile acid malabsorption and steatorrhoea and gastrointestinal symptoms in patients with chronic diarrhoea has only been studied on a limited scale. DESIGN: Ninety-four patients referred for chronic diarrhoea were prospectively investigated with the 75SeHCAT test, a faecal fat excretion ...
Garg P K - - 2000
Bile analysis is performed on duodenal bile obtained after stimulation of the gallbladder (GB) with cholecystokinin or its analog. Rapid amino acids (AA) infusion contracts the GB. Our objective was to assess qualitatively the adequacy of duodenal bile obtained following AA infusion. We prospectively studied 15 patients each with non ...
Kiehne K - - 2000
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: Biliary obstruction in chronic pancreatitis is frequently treated by endoscopic insertion of a plastic stent into the common bile duct, a therapy regarded as having a low complication rate. The aim of this study is to analyze the frequency and severity of complications caused by biliary ...
Boland G W - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: We evaluated sonographic abnormalities of the gallbladder other than acalculous cholecystitis across a broad range of intensive care unit (ICU) patients. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Fifty-five consecutive patients (age range, 18-94 years old; mean age, 56 years; 33 men, 22 women), who were admitted to the ICU with a variety ...
Portincasa P - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Little is known about gallbladder motility in patients with black pigment stones when compared to cholesterol gallstone patients, or about their relationship to biliary composition, crystallization and stone characteristics. DESIGN: Fasting and postprandial gallbladder volumes were studied by ultrasonography in 49 gallstone patients with pigment (n = 14) or ...
Cocking J B - - 2000
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To ascertain whether therapeutic endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) for benign biliary disease in frail elderly patients with comorbid conditions can be safely undertaken in a district general hospital, and whether the procedure is facilitated by the use of short-acting general anaesthesia. SETTING: District general hospital in South ...
Parra J A - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of our study was to evaluate the sonographic and CT features of xanthogranulomatous cholecystitis, correlating the pathologic and surgical findings. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Xanthogranulomatous cholecystitis was pathologically diagnosed in 26 patients from January 1996 to August 1998. The patients were 15 women and 11 men with a ...
Iinuma Y - - 2000
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) was assessed in the diagnosis of cholestatic liver disease in infants. METHODS: ERCP was performed in 50 infants who had prolonged cholestasis. Their ages ranged from 25 to 274 days (mean, 69 days), and their weight ranged from 2.6 to 6.7 kg (mean, 4.7 kg). ...
Uchiyama F - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: Until now, radiopaque gallstones have been excluded from extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL), because these stones in vivo are less sensitive to the forces that cause disintegration. In Japan there is a higher percentage of patients with radiopaque gallstones than in Western countries. Our purpose in working with patients ...
Ng C S - - 2000
PURPOSE: We evaluate the role of contemporary urological intervention in patients with nephrolithiasis associated with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Intervention for upper tract stones associated with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease was performed in 5 women and 2 men 29 to 65 years old (mean age ...
Kim W H - - 2000
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Pancreatitis is a serious complication of patients with gallstones. However, risk factors of gallstone pancreatitis were unpredictable until recently. In Korea, characteristics of gallstones are different from Western countries. The present study was designed to determine differences in the risk of gallstone pancreatitis and characteristics of gallstones in Korean ...
Nakamura T - - 2000
Four patients with malignant obstruction of the common bile duct had been treated with uncovered Wallstents and suffered from a reobstruction after 2-13 months (mean 5.3 months). Repeat cholangiography revealed severe stenosis of the stent lumen caused by tumor ingrowth through the mesh. A Wallstent with a self-made polyurethane-cover was ...
Lichtenbaum R A - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Following the advent of laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC), the preoperative predictors of common bile duct (CBD) abnormalities became more important in perioperative decision making. Preoperative transabdominal ultrasound (US) is used to assess the preoperative risks associated with CBD abnormalities. This study attempts to determine the sensitivity and specificity of US ...
Sandstad O - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Bilirubin is the main component of most common bile duct stones. Normally, almost all bilirubin in bile is conjugated to glucuronic acid or some other sugar moiety. These conjugates are unstable and liable to deconjugation. Unconjugated bilirubin is insoluble and may precipitate as the calcium salt found in brown ...
Roukounakis N E - - 2000
Recent international reports have suggested that an abnormal pancreatic and bile duct junction can influence the degree of pancreatic fluid regurgitation, resulting in an increased incidence of biliary tract malignancy. To confirm these reports, we retrospectively examined the anatomic relation at the pancreaticobiliary junction in all patients diagnosed with cholangiocarcinoma ...
Sugiyama Y - - 2000
The high incidence of biliary tract carcinoma in patients with anomalous pancreaticobiliary ductal junction (APBDJ) has been well documented. Elevation of the secondary and free bile acid (FBA) concentrations is considered a risk factor for biliary carcinogenesis in these patients. Bile from the gallbladder and common bile duct in 12 ...
Rijna H - - 2000
BACKGROUND: In a previous study, we made a plea for more selective indications for preoperative ERCP in patients with gallstones based on the results obtained from a liberal policy. Following 3.5 years of implementing this selective policy, a report on the results are presented here. This study was performed in ...
Ahmed R - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Diagnosis and identification of patients with acalculous biliary pain, who would benefit from surgery, remains a significant clinical problem. The cholecystokinin (CCK) provocation test helps diagnosis, but lack of consistency limits its usefulness. AIM: To characterize the response of gallbladder muscle strips, from patients with acalculous biliary pain, to ...
Meersschaut V - - 2000
The aim of this study was to describe the spectrum of abnormal biliary findings as seen with magnetic resonance cholangiography (MRC) in symptomatic patients after orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT). In our study we included 12 consecutive patients post-OLT who presented with clinical and/or biochemical suspicion of biliary complications. In all ...
Misra S P - - 2000
Biliary ascariasis is common in certain geographical areas of the world. In India, it is common in the Kashmir valley and only stray cases have been reported from other parts of the country. Between January 1995 and May 1997, 14 patients with biliary ascariasis were seen at our centre, which ...
Tabet J - - 1999
The clinical outcome of laparoscopic cholecystectomy in 63 patients with gallbladder dyskinesia (GD) and 60 patients with proven gallstone (GS) disease was compared. Patients were contacted to determine the extent of symptom relief and satisfaction after surgery. Patients with GD underwent significantly more diagnostic procedures than patients with GS and ...
Lorberhoym M - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: Rapid diagnosis of acute cholecystitis is essential to minimize morbidity and mortality. The purpose of this study was to assess the diagnostic utility of cholescintigraphy using morphine augmentation compared with ultrasound, in acute and chronic gallbladder disease. METHODS: Cholescintigrams were performed on 103 patients suspected of having acute cholecystitis. ...
Lübbers H - - 1999
In a 91-year-old female patient admitted with an ileus, ultrasound and computed tomography demonstrated the obstruction of the upper jejunum by a large gallstone. Due to concurrent diseases the patient was unfit for surgery. An attempt was made to remove the impacted stone endoscopically. After successful mobilization and fragmentation by ...
Javid G - - 1999
BACKGROUND: As many as 1.5 billion people around the world harbour Ascaris lumbricoides in the digestive tract. Gallbladder ascariasis, although less common than bile duct ascariasis, is quite often seen in endemic areas. METHODS: Some 1300 patients with hepatobiliary ascariasis, admitted between October 1992 and June 1998, were analysed prospectively. ...
Lopes M H - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: We sought to measure gallbladder emptying in scleroderma patients, when stimulated by exogenous cholecystokinin. METHODS: Twenty-eight consecutive scleroderma patients were evaluated. Ten were excluded for the presence of gallstones. Gallbladder motor function was studied in 18 patients and 18 controls, using specific parameters for the quantification of gallbladder emptying ...
Liu T H - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Endoscopic retrograde cholangiography is the most commonly utilized tool for the identification of common bile duct stones (CBDS) before laparoscopic cholecystectomy, whereas the role of magnetic resonance cholangiography (MRC) for patient evaluation before laparoscopic cholecystectomy is currently undefined. METHODS: We prospectively evaluated the efficacy of MRC for the identification ...
Tanno S - - 1999
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Few data are available on the fate and incidence of epithelial hyperplasia throughout the life of anomalous pancreaticobiliary ductal union (APBD) patients. The pathological study in pediatric APBD patients is less recognized. METHODOLOGY: Ten resected gallbladders obtained from children with APBD and control patients without APBD were examined histologically, ...
Wehrmann T - - 1999
After successful gallstone lithotripsy, biliary pain recurs in about one third of patients. However, gallstone recurrence can be shown in only 40-60% of these patients. Therefore, other causes, such as sphincter of Oddi dysfunction (SOD), may be suspected. Twenty-two consecutive patients with recurrent biliary pain after successful gallstone lithotripsy without ...
Goff J S - - 1999
BACKGROUND: The transpancreatic duct pre-cut to gain access to the bile duct for diagnostic and therapeutic maneuvers has been described as useful, but questions of efficacy and safety remain to be resolved. METHODS: To further evaluate this technique, we performed a review on 200 consecutive endoscopic sphincterotomies. Standard direct biliary ...
Richter J - - 1999
Diagnosis of infection with the liver fluke Fasciola hepatica is usually difficult. Ultrasonography (US) might be a useful diagnostic alternative, and we assessed the value of sequential US in the diagnosis and monitoring of fascioliasis in 76 patients at baseline and for 60 days after treatment with triclabendazole. At baseline, ...
von Herbay A - - 1999
PURPOSE: The intrahepatic "parallel channel sign" on gray-scale sonograms is generally interpreted as representing dilated bile ducts, but it may also be caused by enlargement of intrahepatic arteries. This study was performed to evaluate the incidence of misinterpretation of the parallel channel sign without color Doppler sonography and the characteristics ...
Prévôt N - - 1999
Thirty-two intensive care unit patients (78% on long-term total parenteral nutrition) suspected of having acute acalculous cholecystitis (AAC) were studied prospectively. All of these patients underwent abdominal ultrasonography and cholescintigraphy with technetium-99m mebrofenin. Morphine sulphate (0.04 mg/kg) was administered only if the gallbladder was not visualised after 1 h (16 ...
Merriam L T - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Gangrenous cholecystitis occurs in up to 30% of patients admitted with acute cholecystitis. Factors predicting gangrenous disease in patients with acute cholecystitis remain poorly defined, making preoperative diagnosis difficult. Identification of these factors and early diagnosis of gangrenous cholecystitis will indicate more aggressive treatment, earlier operation, and a lower ...
Vilaichone R K - - 1999
The authors present three patients with acalculous cholecystitis seen at a tertiary care center in Bangkok. The first patient was explored surgically because peritonitis was suspected. The two other patients were treated conservatively with antibiotics and supportive care, and they recovered fully. The diagnosis of leptospirosis was confirmed by increasing ...
Faylona J M - - 1999
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) is one of the mainstays in the diagnosis and treatment of hepatobiliary and pancreatic diseases, and is also increasingly used for patients with previous Billroth II gastrectomy. The aim of this study was to review our experience of ERCP in patients with ...
Wollin T A - - 1999
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: With the development of small-caliber ureteroscopes and lithotripsy devices, it is now possible to perform intracorporeal stone fragmentation without dilatation of the ureteral orifice. Ureteral stones are typically fragmented into small particles that can be difficult to retrieve for stone analysis. Infrared spectroscopy (IRS) of the precipitate ...
Leibovici D - - 1999
OBJECTIVES: We determined whether patient mobilization influences ureteral catheter position in the collecting system. METHODS: 26 consecutive patients (28 renal units) who underwent ureteral catheterization for the purpose of retrograde pyelography or the relief of ureteral obstruction, were included. The position of the catheter's tip within the collecting system and ...
Kok K Y - - 1999
Tuberculosis of the bile duct is extremely rare. Patients with this condition usually present with a protracted illness and obstructive jaundice, which may be confused with hepatobiliary malignancies. A retrospective review of hospital records of patients who presented with tuberculosis of the bile duct between January 1986 and December 1996 ...
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