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Bastami S S Unit for Development and Patient Safety, and Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Linköping University, Linköping, - - 2014
Therapeutic modulation of pain with morphine and other opioids is associated with significant variation in both effects and adverse effects in individual patients. Many factors including gene polymorphisms have been shown to contribute to the interindividual variability in the response to opioids. The aim of this study was to investigate ...
Chen Lizhao L Department of Neurosurgery, Institute of Surgery Research, Daping Hospital, Third Military Medical University, 10#, Changjiang Branch, Daping, Yuzhong District, Chongqing, 400042, People's Republic of - - 2014
The objective of this study was to analyze the clinical features of brain trauma associated syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion. A retrospective analysis was performed for the electrolytes and osmolality of blood and urine samples of brain injury patients, which have been collected in our department since last 20 years. ...
Mahdian Mehrdad M Trauma Research Center, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, IR - - 2014
Variables derived from electroencephalogram like cerebral state index (CSI) have been used to monitor the anesthesia depth during general anesthesia. Observed evidences show such variables have also been used as a detector of brain death or outcome predictor in traumatic brain-injured (TBI) patients. The current study was designed to determine ...
Dwyer Jeremy P JP Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Royal Melbourne Hospital, Victoria Australia - - 2014
The choice of analgesic agent in cirrhotic patients is problematic and must be individualized taking into account several factors including severity of liver disease, history of opioid dependence and potential drug interactions. With a cautious approach including slow dose up-titration and careful monitoring, effective analgesia can be achieved in most ...
Venkataraman Akila A Pediatric Neurology and Epilepsy Division, Lutheran Medical Center, Brooklyn, NY, - - 2014
Sickle cell disease (SCD) is a group of genetic blood disorders that vary in severity, but the most severe forms, primarily homozygous sickle cell anemia, are associated with neurologic complications. Over the last 90 years it has become established that some patients will develop severe arterial disease of the intracranial ...
Sappenfield Joshua W - - 2013
Several structural abnormalities involving the brain and surrounding structures have perioperative implications. This article reviews the preoperative assessment and preparation of patients with intracranial masses, vascular lesions, cerebrospinal fluid abnormalities, traumatic injuries, and dementia. Until definitive treatment of the underlying condition occurs, prevention of secondary injury to the patient's brain ...
Park Kwang Ok - - 2013
Opioid analgesics are widely used to reduce postoperative pain and to enhance post-operative recovery. However, orthostatic intolerance (OI) induced by opioid containing intravenous patient controlled analgesia (IPCA) may hinder postoperative recovery. This study investigated factors that affect OI in patients receiving IPCA for postoperative pain control. OI was instantly evaluated ...
Springborg Jacob Bertram - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: Hyperthermia is common in brain-injured patients and associated with a worse outcome. As brain rather than body temperature reduction, theoretically, is the most important in cerebral protection, there is logic in targeting cooling at the brain. Selective brain cooling can, in theory, be obtained by cooling the skull or ...
Taghavi Gilani Mehryar M Anesthesia Department, Imam-Reza Hospital, School of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, - - 2013
Opioids have been considered for their hemodynamic stability. Remifentanil is an opioid analgesic with rapid metabolism and fast primary effect and recovery. In this paper, a very rare effect of using remifentanil along with propofol was presented. An 84-year-old male patient with severe aortic stenosis underwent general anesthesia. In order ...
Chen Shiou-Lan - - 2012
Recent studies show that proinflammatory cytokines might be related to the development of opioid dependence (physiological, psychological, or both). In a double-blind, randomly stratified clinical trial investigating whether add-on dextromethorphan (60-120 mg/day) attenuated inflammation and the combined use of opioids in heroin-dependent patients undergoing methadone maintenance treatment, we evaluated whether inflammation ...
Poletti-Muringaseril Sophia C - - 2012
Spontaneous cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) rhinorrhoea is a separate clinical entity with elevated intracranial pressure as its most probable pathophysiological mechanism. Having the clinical impression of distinct courses of diseases in primary spontaneous (PS) compared to secondary CSF rhinorrhoea, our objective was to identify whether the two forms differ in the ...
Crozier Emily E - - 2011
Secondary tracheoesophageal puncture (TEP) placement in patients with severe limitations in neck extension is challenging. Visualization of the hypopharynx with traditional rigid endoscopy may not be possible. We report using the C-MAC (Karl Storz, Tuttlingen, Germany) video laryngoscope to successfully place a secondary TEP in patient with severe radiation fibrosis ...
Adams Denise - - 2011
Hyponatremia is the most common electrolyte disorder, but a lack of well-characterized cohorts is hindering a full appreciation of this complex and heterogeneous disorder. During 4 months, clinical, biochemical, treatment and outcome data were collected for patients presenting with hyponatremia (serum sodium =130 mmol/L) to an urban university hospital. Forty-three ...
Strader Scott - - 2011
The analysis of patients with secondary dystonia has been valuable to explore the anatomical, pharmacological and physiological bases of this disorder. The goal of this study is to compare the clinical characteristics of patients with primary and secondary dystonia and analyze the neuroanatomical bases of a subgroup of patients with ...
Wang Yi-Chun - - 2011
Background: Oxidative stress is highly prevalent in hemodialysis patients and may contribute to atherosclerosis and mortality. The copy number of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) is affected by oxidative stress in blood circulation. This study aimed to test whether mtDNA copy number correlates with oxidative stress and predicts all-cause mortality in nondiabetic ...
Poli Francesca - - 2011
PURPOSE: This study aims to report on catathrenia occurring in narcolepsy with cataplexy (NC) patients under sodium oxybate (SO) treatment. Catathrenia is a parasomnia characterized by groaning and an abnormal respiratory pattern during sleep. METHODS: Fifty-one patients with NC and starting SO therapy underwent a baseline overnight polysomnography (PSG) to ...
Briguori Carlo - - 2011
Aims: The combined prophylactic strategy of sodium bicarbonate plus N-acetylsyteine (NAC) seems to be effective in preventing contrast induced acute kidney injury (CI-AKI) in patients at low-to-medium risk. However, in patients at high and very high risk the rate of CI-AKI is still high. In this subset of patients the ...
Futakawa Satoshi - - 2011
Idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus (iNPH) is an elderly dementia caused by abnormal metabolism in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). The tap test is the current basis for confirming iNPH, but it shows very low sensitivity, indicating that many patients who might be cured by a shunt operation will be missed. On ...
Seidler Tim - - 2011
AIM: To evaluate the prevalence and cause of severe hypokalaemia in patients administered for cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) for non-traumatic cardiac arrest. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective database review in the setting of a University hospital on 281 consecutive adult patients admitted to emergency admission, cardiac catheterization laboratory or intensive care ...
Aybal Kutlugün Aysun - - 2011
Objective: To determine daily sodium intake in 'real practice' in a large group of chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients who were under regular follow-up in a nephrology clinic. Methods: A total of 373 consecutive outpatients with CKD stages 1-5 (not on dialysis; men: 52.3%, mean age: 51.6 ± 15.4 years) ...
Dorhout Mees Sanne M - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Hyponatremia and hypovolemia occur often after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) and are associated with poor outcome. The authors investigated whether brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) is related to hypovolemia and hyponatremia after SAH and whether it can differentiate between hypovolemic and non-hypovolemic hyponatremia. METHODS: In 58 SAH patients, the authors ...
McCague Andrew - - 2011
Sodium acetate has been shown to cause hemodynamic instability when used as a hemodialysis buffer. The pattern of hemodynamic response to injury will be evaluated between those who received sodium acetate and those who did not.The primary purpose of the study is to analyze the effect of sodium acetate on ...
Damasio Patrícia C G - - 2011
Elevated sodium excretion in urine resulting from excessive sodium intake can lead to hypercalciuria and contribute to the formation of urinary stones. The aim of this study was to evaluate salt intake in patients with urinary lithiasis and idiopathic hypercalciuria (IH). Between August 2007 and June 2008, 105 lithiasic patients ...
John Sinoj K - - 2010
Potassium chloride and other potassium compounds are used by the general public as salt substitutes, muscle-building supplements, and panacea. Severe hyperkalemia from oral potassium is extremely rare if kidney function is normal because of potassium adaptation. The oral potassium dose has to be large enough to overcome the normal renal ...
Weisberg Lawrence S - - 2010
Patients with kidney failure depend on dialysis to maintain neutral potassium balance. The amount of potassium removed during a hemodialysis treatment is inversely proportional to the potassium concentration in the dialysis bath. Nephrologists adjust the dialysis bath potassium to account for individual variation in potassium intake among their patients. This ...
Zanger Ron - - 2010
Hypokalemia occurs in up to 60% of patients on peritoneal dialysis (PD) for end-stage renal disease. It can be associated with poor clinical outcomes, including malnutrition and death. New evidence points to a link between hypokalemia and the risk of peritonitis. The serum Na(+) concentration is determined by the ratio ...
Kitaya Kotaro - - 2011
Chronic endometritis was identified immunohistochemically in 9.3% of patients with recurrent miscarriages (in 12.9% of patients with miscarriages of unknown etiology). Chronic endometritis is not negligible in patients with recurrent miscarriages.
El-Shehaby Amal M - - 2010
Vascular calcification is commonly found in chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients and it is one of the predictors of cardiovascular death. Recently, several studies have demonstrated that low fetuin-A levels are associated with mortality in uremic patients. Objectives. To investigate the importance of non-traditional risk factors of calcification including fetuin-A, ...
Hanf W - - 2010
Objective: Cast nephropathy, due to free light chain (FLC) toxicity, is the main cause of acute kidney injury in multiple myeloma, with about 10% of patients requiring dialysis. In these patients, in addition to chemotherapy that prevents FLC production, daily hemodialysis using high cutoff or adsorptive membranes, showed promising results ...
Chua Doson - - 2010
Spironolactone is used in the treatment of cardiovascular disease, but is contraindicated in renal dysfunction due to the risk of hyperkalemia. It is not known if patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) on hemodialysis are at the same risk for hyperkalemia. The objective of this study was to systematically review ...
Namiduru E S - - 2010
Oxidative/nitrosative stress has long been demonstrated in hemodialysis patients. It is associated with numerous complications such as atherosclerosis and related cardiovascular disturbances. However, the factors influencing oxidative/nitrosative status have not been characterized extensively in these patients. Therefore, the present study was designed to investigate the alteration of oxidative/nitrosative stress parameters ...
Tayyebi-Khosroshahi Hamid - - 2010
Introduction. Oxidative stress in patients with chronic kidney failure, particularly in hemodialysis patients, has been suggested to have a major role in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. We evaluated omega-3 fatty acids supplementation effects on oxidative and antioxidant factors in hemodialysis patients. Materials and Methods. In a clinical trial, patients on ...
Perna Alessandra F - - 2010
Hydrogen sulfide, H(2)S, is the third endogenous gas with cardiovascular properties, after nitric oxide and carbon monoxide. H(2)S is a potent vasorelaxant, and its deficiency is implicated in the pathogenesis of hypertension and atherosclerosis. Cystathionine beta-synthase, cystathionine gamma-lyase, and 3-mercaptopyruvate sulfurtransferase catalyze H(2)S formation. Chronic kidney disease is characterized by ...
Letachowicz Krzysztof - - 2010
The function of vascular access has a key significance in hemodialysis treatment results. An overview of factors contributing to successful arteriovenous fistula (AVF) constructions and the effect of vascular access quality on the outcome of renal replacement therapy were analyzed, including our study observations. On the basis of the data ...
Yen Tzung-Hai - - 2010
A total of 959 Taiwanese patients undergoing maintenance hemodialysis-102 underweight (BMI < 18.5 kg/m(2)), 492 normal weight (BMI 18.5-22.9 kg/m(2)), 187 overweight (BMI 23.0-24.9 kg/m(2)), and 178 obese (BMI >or= 25 kg/m(2)) were recruited into this three-year, multicenter longitudinal study. It was found initially that the underweight group had more ...
Calvo Jose A - - 2010
In hemodialysis patients, both hemoglobin variability and targeting normalization of hemoglobin may have adverse consequences. There are few data on epoetin management in patients achieving high hemoglobin levels. Maintenance hemodialysis patients within Dialysis Clinic Inc. (DCI) who were treated with a 20 to 30% epoetin dose reduction versus epoetin discontinuation ...
Beladi Mousavi Seyed Seifollah - - 2010
Introduction. Acquired cystic kidney disease (ACKD) occurs in patients with prolonged uremia, and early detection is important, because clinically significant complications, especially renal cell carcinoma, are associated with ACKD. Materials and Methods. In a cross-sectional study, we evaluated our patients on hemodialysis, in Ahvaz, Iran, using ultrasonography. The criteria for ...
Rahgoshai Rayhaneh - - 2010
Introduction. Despite many beneficial effects, hemodialysis may cause pulmonary dysfunction. On the other hand, patients with end-stage renal disease are potentially prone to lung edema and respiratory dysfunction. This study was conducted to evaluate the alterations of pulmonary function indicators after hemodialysis, measured by spirometry. Materials and Methods. A total ...
Stolic R - - 2010
Background and aim: The nutritive status has significant role in improving the quality of life of dialysis' patients. The aim of this study was to find out if there is any correlation of the anthropometric parameters and markers of nutrition with the adequacy of HD.Methods: The investigation was organized as ...
Makarem Ali Reza - - 2011
Erectile dysfunction (ED) is a distressing problem in hemodialysis patients. A combination of organic and psychological factors has been reported to take part in the pathophysiology of this condition. The aim of this study is to determine the prevalence of sexual dysfunction among hemodialysis patients. From November 2008 to January ...
Omori Maho - - 2010
The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between serum apolipoprotein (apo) A-IV levels and markers for atherosclerosis, including carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) and the ankle-brachial index (ABI), in hemodialysis patients. We performed a cross-sectional study involving 116 maintenance hemodialysis patients (70 males; median age, 64 years), measuring ...
Saougou Ioanna - - 2010
This report seeks to describe the clinical efficacy and safety of infliximab in a patient with psoriatic arthritis on hemodialysis and to review the literature on the topic. We present a patient with psoriatic arthritis on hemodialysis treated with infliximab and we review the literature. Our case includes a patient ...
Binici Dogan Nasir - - 2010
Although metabolic syndrome (MS) is associated with low bone mineral density (BMD) in the general population, it is unknown whether similar associations exist in patients with chronic kidney disease. We investigated risk factors that can lead to low BMD values in hemodialysis patients with MS according to the diagnostic criteria ...
Schieren Gisela - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Nephrogenic systemic fibrosis (NSF) is an uncommon fibrotic disorder occurring after administration of linear gadolinium contrast agents in patients with severely decreased kidney function. The underlying pathogenetic mechanism of fibrosis remains to be elucidated. Transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta), a key player in the pathogenesis of fibrotic disorders, has ...
Kourtzelis Ioannis - - 2010
Thrombosis is a common complication of end-stage renal disease, particularly in patients on hemodialysis. Although substantial progress has been made in preventing thrombotic complications in various other groups of patients, the mechanisms of thrombosis during hemodialysis require clarification. In this report, we demonstrate that complement activation triggered by hemodialysis biomaterials, ...
Moallem Seyed Adel - - 2011
Cardiovascular (CV) disease is the leading cause of death in hemodialysis (HD) patients, and approximately half of mortalities in HD patients are attributed to CV disease. Atherosclerosis is the most frequent cause of CV complications in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Based on recent studies, cathepsin D has been ...
Li Wei-Chun - - 2010
Whether or not uncemented total hip arthroplasty (THA) can achieve durable fixation of implants to bone in patients on chronic hemodialysis is unknown. We analyzed the 2-13-year clinical outcomes of cementless THA in patients with end-stage renal diseases who were maintained on long-term hemodialysis. We reviewed the outcome of 23 ...
Kuo Chiung-Wen - - 2010
The aim of this study was to investigate the bone status of hemodialysis patients and identify factors that have influence on bone quality. Four hundred eighty-nine subjects (213 males and 276 females) on maintenance hemodialysis and 696 healthy subjects (309 men, 387 women) were enrolled in this study. Speed of ...
Cavalli A - - 2010
Hemodialysis was born in 1945 to treat acute renal failure, and it has progressively become a rescue therapy for patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) stage 5, otherwise doomed to death. During the years, technological innovations have led to improved dialytic tolerance, making possible to extend the treatment to a ...
Afshar Reza - - 2010
Anemia is a common sequealae of chronic kidney disease (CKD), associated with significant morbidity. A cross-sectional study was conducted on 100 CKD patients (54 hemodialyzed, 46 pre-dialyzed). Data including, complete blood count, BUN, creatinine, creatinine clearance, underlying diseases and hemodialysis duration were collected by a questionnaire. The most frequent morphologic ...
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