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Results 301 - 350 of 718
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Chuang Feng-Rong FR Division of Nephrology Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Kaohsiung, - - 2002
Infectious disease represents one of the major causes of morbidity and mortality in hemodialysis patients. Extra-renal abscess constitutes a specific form of infection. The aim of this study was to evaluate and analyze the clinical characteristics of extra-renal abscess in chronic hemodialysis patients. We retrospectively studied the extra-renal abscess among ...
Yasuda Gen - - 2002
Many hemodialysis patients suffer from constipation. The frequency of constipation has not been rigorously evaluated in continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) patients, however. We conducted a survey on constipation in CAPD patients and compared the findings with those in hemodialysis patients through a questionnaire. Daily dietary fiber and potassium intake ...
Maggiore Quirino - - 2002
Standard hemodialysis (dialysate temperature >or=37 degrees C) induces an increase in body temperature capable of eliciting circulatory adjustments dictated by the maintenance of thermal homeostasis. These adjustments oppose, and can overcome, those elicited by the hypovolemia caused by the ultrafiltration process, and thus predispose patients to develop hypotensive crises during ...
Kaya Meryem - - 2002
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the changes in salivary gland function in patients with chronic renal failure (CRF) undergoing hemodialysis. METHODS: The group consisted of 23 patients with CRF (13 female, 10 male; mean age: 40 +/- 13 yr) and 14 healthy control subjects (mean age: ...
Al-Homrany Mohammed - - 2002
We conducted this study to determine the prevalence of elevated erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) in chronic hemodialysis patients and to evaluate the dialytic and serum factors that might explain this elevation. ESR was measured using the Westergren method immediately before and immediately after dialysis sessions in 200 stable (i.e. with ...
Movilli Ezio - - 2002
American guidelines for the management of renal anemia by recombinant human erythropoietin (rHuEPO) recommend collecting a predialysis blood sample to evaluate hemoglobin (Hb) and hematocrit (Hct) levels in hemodialysis patients. Although a predialysis blood sample is appropriate for evaluating when to start rHuEPO treatment, the same sample would not be ...
Jacobson Stefan H - - 2002
It is not known to what extent intravascular phenotypic alterations in adhesion molecule expression induced by hemodialysis influence the recruitment of granulocytes and their ability to up-regulate CD11b at the local site of inflammation in the interstitium. We used a skin suction chamber technique to address this issue. Two skin ...
Resende L A L - - 2002
This study analyses the blink reflex in 20 adult male patients with terminal chronic renal failure undergoing hemodialysis. Abnormalities were found in ten patients (50%), eight of them with conduction studies showing axonal peripheral neuropathy. Dialysis time was longer for patients with blink reflex alterations (median 55.1 months) than for ...
Tzanakis Ioannis - - 2002
The determination of prostate-specific antigen (PSA) is a useful tool in the diagnosis and follow-up of prostate cancer in males, but its diagnostic validity is uncertain in hemodialysis patients. We prospectively evaluated PSA in male hemodialysis patients as well as the influence of a single dialytic session on its levels. ...
Ikoma Hidenobu - - 2002
Argatroban is a synthetic direct thrombin inhibitor which has been used in Japan for three indications, namely, chronic arterial occlusion, acute cerebral thrombosis and hemodialysis in AT-deficient patients or in patients with decreased AT. In patients with chronic arterial occlusion, argatroban increased the skin temperature, reduced the size of skin ...
Dumars Michael C - - 2002
PURPOSE: To evaluate the role and usefulness of diagnostic ultrasonography (US) in the assessment of hemodialysis access grafts with an intermediate probability of graft malfunction. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred forty-seven complete US examinations were performed in 91 patients. Average volume of flow, peak systolic velocity, and diameter of residual ...
Nakamura Tsukasa - - 2002
BACKGROUND/AIM: Cardiac troponin T is a highly sensitive marker for the detection of myocardial injury. We studied whether dilazep dihydrochloride affects cardiac troponin T levels in hemodialysis patients. METHODS: Our study included 60 hemodialysis patients without symptoms of acute myocardial ischemia. We measured serum cardiac troponin T levels by the ...
Nakamura Tsukasa - - 2002
We investigated whether serum cardiac troponin T levels are altered in septic patients undergoing hemodialysis and whether polyinyxin B-immobilized fiber (PMX-F) treatment affects these levels. Fourteen heinodialysis patients with sepsis, 14 hemodialysis patients without sepsis, and 12 age matched healthy controls were included in this study. Cardiac troponin T levels ...
Frankenfield Diane L - - 2002
In 2000, the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS), formerly known as the Health Care Financing Administration (HCFA) 2000 ESRD Clinical Performance Measures (CPM) Project, was expanded to obtain demographic characteristics and clinical information on all adolescent (age > or =12 years, <18 years) patients receiving in-center hemodialysis on ...
Chatellier D - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: To describe five new cases of life-threatening cefepime-induced neurotoxicity observed in a 2-year period. SETTING: A university intensive care unit. PATIENTS: Five patients recently treated with cefepime, admitted for seizures and coma. All suffered from acute renal failure, induced by sepsis and combined aminoside therapy, or by cefepime itself ...
Gohda T - - 2001
We determined the insertion/deletion (I/D) polymorphism of the angiotensin-coverting enzyme (ACE) gene in a multicenter trial of ethnically homogeneous Japanese type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) patients. All patients (n = 748) were divided into 5 groups as follows: group I (normoalbuminuric patients), group II (microalbuminuric patients), group III (overt albuminuric ...
Shaer A J - - 2001
An elderly, nondiabetic, chronic hemodialysis patient is described here who had profound hypoglycemia for a myriad of reasons including renal failure, malnutrition, and quinine use. Furthermore, by biochemical parameters the patient had hyperinsulinemia, which was consistent with the diagnosis of an insulinoma. However, a tumor was not identified by noninvasive ...
Tarng D C - - 2001
The effects of the human OGG1 gene (hOGG1) 1245C-->G polymorphism on the 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) contents of peripheral leukocyte DNA were investigated among chronic hemodialysis patients. First, the hOGG1 1245C-->G transversion was assessed, by using a PCR-restriction fragment length polymorphism method, among 210 hemodialysis patients and 156 healthy individuals. Second, the ...
Motomiya Y - - 2001
BACKGROUND/AIM: Carboxymethyllysine is one of the common advanced glycation end products in vivo. In a previous report, we were the first to describe the increase of circulating carboxymethyllysine-hemoglobin (CML-Hb) levels in hemodialysis patients, particularly in patients with dialysis-related amyloidosis (DRA). The aim of this study was to investigate the predictive ...
Okuno S - - 2001
Nutritional status is an important factor that affects morbidity and mortality of hemodialysis patients. We investigated 1-year changes in body fat mass of male patients undergoing hemodialysis (duration, 4.9 +/- 2.5 years). Fat mass of 217 male patients (age 60 +/- 13 years) was measured by dual x-ray absorptiometry twice ...
Backmund M - - 2001
Up to 1999 more opioid dependent patients in Germany were substituted with codeine or dihydrocodeine (summarised as codeine) than with methadone. The current retrospective study compares the differences in detoxification treatment outcome for codeine-substituted patients, methadone-substituted patients and patients injecting illicit heroin. The study is based on the medical records ...
Bhowmik D - - 2001
Many patients requiring plasmapheresis (PE) have renal failure and also need hemodialysis. If done separately almost 6-7 h is required. Hence, we decided to perform the procedures simultaneously in those patients requiring both PE and hemodialysis. The plasmafilter was inserted into the extracorporeal circuit after the hemodialyzer. A total of ...
Aoyagi T - - 2001
Body mass index (BMI) is used as a reference for weight control programs in the general population and in morbidity and mortality studies in diabetes patients. However, the implications of BMI in chronic hemodialysis patients is unclear. We studied the BMI of chronic hemodialysis patients, focusing on problems encountered during ...
Anwar W - - 2001
Glomerular filtration is one of the major determinants of plasma total homocysteine (tHcy). To evaluate the respective roles of residual glomerular filtration (by measuring a specific protein marker, cystatin C), genetic polymorphisms and nutritional status in tHcy blood levels in end-stage renal disease patients (ESRD) under hemodialysis and supplemented with ...
Mégarbane B - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy and safety of fomepizole, a competitive alcohol dehydrogenase inhibitor, in methanol poisoning and to test the hypothesis that fomepizole obviates the need for hemodialysis in selected patients. DESIGN AND SETTING: Retrospective clinical study in three intensive care units in university-affiliated teaching hospitals. PATIENTS: All methanol-poisoned ...
Montagnac R - - 2001
Chronic hypotension, infrequent though possible in chronic renal failure patients on hemodialysis, has harmful consequences on their physical state and hence general well-being. These patients often experience acute intradialytic manifestations while non-pharmacologic interventions as pharmacologic agents are sometimes insufficient to improve symptoms. Well tolerated, midodrine appears to be a suitable ...
de Sá H M - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Using different types of dialysis membranes to treat acute renal failure (ARF), clinical and experimental studies have demonstrated discordant results relatively to the effect of membrane bioincompatibility on patient outcome. Nevertheless, there are few data on the biocompatibility indices in patients with ARF who need to be treated by ...
Ross J R - - 2001
Cannulation of the femoral vein is often necessary to provide immediate vascular access for hemodialysis patients in whom a functional permanent access is not available or in patients who have exhausted other access options. Femoral placement of dialysis catheters is typically short term - days, not months - and is ...
Dejanova B - - 2001
Patients undergoing hemodialysis are at risk for atherosclerosis and its complications. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of erythropoietin therapy and hemodialysis duration on some of the atherosclerotis risk factors. The patients were divided into four groups: I: patients undergoing hemodialysis for less than 10 years ...
Stefanidis I - - 2001
The correction of anemia with human recombinant erythropoietin (rHuEPO) in end stage renal disease is associated with hypertension in about one third of hemodialysis patients. The pathogenesis of the rHuEPO-induced hypertension is still uncertain, though evidence of the involvement of endothelial cells has emerged. The aim of this study was ...
Durak I - - 2001
AIMS: This study aims to investigate arginine-nitric oxide pathway in chronic renal failure (CRF) and to establish erythrocyte nitric oxide synthase (NOS) and arginase (ARG) activities in patients with CRF. MATERIALS AND METHODS: NOS and ARG activities were measured in erythrocytes from 30 patients with CRF and 12-control subjects. RESULTS: ...
Nakamoto H - - 2001
We report the use of thoracoscopic pericardiectomy to treat two elderly patients with massive pericardial effusion caused by uremic pericarditis. A 79-year-old man, admitted to our hospital complaining of dyspnea, was diagnosed with end-stage renal failure and began maintenance hemodialysis. Although intensive hemodialysis was performed, the patient could not remain ...
Weitzel W F - - 2001
We have detected retrograde flow by Doppler ultrasound within the hemodialysis access of 10 patients during routine dialysis. Nine of these accesses were prosthetic grafts, and 1 was an autogenous fistula. All 9 of the grafts had access pathology demonstrated by angiography. The single patient with the fistula exhibiting reversed ...
McClellan W M - - 2001
The National Kidney Foundation's Dialysis Outcome Quality Initiative (NKF-DOQI) guidelines recommend that epoetin alfa should be administered by the subcutaneous route in hemodialysis patients. We determined whether hematocrit levels in hemodialysis patients differed by route of epoetin alfa administration after controlling for demographic factors and iron status. Data were available ...
Kawada H - - 2001
Hemodialysis patients frequently show associated hypertension, which can lead to a number of cardiovascular complications. The aim of this study was to assess the effects of hypertension on the structure and function of the carotid artery and left ventricle (LV) in hemodialysis patients. In addition, we investigated the contribution of ...
Chuang P - - 2001
We describe a patient with acute renal failure who subsequently developed heparin-induced thrombocytopenia (HIT) while on hemodialysis. Heparin was immediately discontinued and alternative modes of anticoagulation were considered as further hemodialysis was indicated. With several options available, a review of the current literature was performed to aid in the selection ...
Yosipovitch G - - 2001
A questionnaire was constructed for the evaluation and measurement of pruritus. The questionnaire, based on the short form of the McGill Pain Questionnaire, was tested in 145 patients suffering from uremic pruritus and currently undergoing hemodialysis treatment in 3 centers. The newly developed questionnaire proved to be reliable and provided ...
Girndt M - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Specific cellular immune reactions in patients with chronic renal failure (CRF) are impaired by a defect of the antigen-presenting cells. To elucidate the molecular background for this defect, we determined the expression of human lymphocyte antigen (HLA)-DR and costimulatory molecules on monocytes of hemodialysis patients. METHODS: The expression of ...
Strong J - - 2001
PURPOSE: To investigate the incidence of adverse events during hemodialysis treatments as a function of calories and fluid intake. METHODS: The study period was August 3-26, 1999. Hemodialysis visits were studied. Twenty-three patients receiving hemodialysis during the 2nd shift on Tuesday, Thursday, and Saturday were studied. A total of 166 ...
Al-Rohani M - - 2001
The use of recombinant human erythropoietin (rHuEpo) became an essential part of the treatment of anemia in patients with end stage renal failure (ESRF). Our experience at the Hajjah region, Yemen, confirms that the use of rHuEpo significantly increases the level of hemoglobin (HB) and hematocrit (Hct), improves work tolerance ...
Wu S C - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether levels of sex hormones and sexual function differ in renal failure patients with and without uremia and the effect of treatment with recombinant human erythropoietin (rhuEPO). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Fifteen males with chronic renal failure who were not receiving hemodialysis ...
Splendiani G - - 2001
Acute renal failure is the most common complication of rhabdomyolysis, with an 8-20% reported incidence. In particular, rhabdomyolysis associated with acute renal failure is frequently observed in critically ill patients, with a 6-16% reported incidence in Intensive Care Units. Dialytic treatment is necessary to correct hydroelectrolytic imbalance and renal function ...
Massy Z A - - 2001
Moderate hyperhomocyst(e)inemia and impaired endothelium-dependent vasodilatation are present in uremic patients. However, the precise mechanism(s) underlying the link between moderate hyperhomocyst(e)inemia and endothelium dysfunction in uremic patients remains to be determined. Experimental and clinical evidence have led to the suggestion that moderate hyperhomocyst(e)inemia may predispose to endothelium dysfunction through a ...
Gasparović V - - 2001
Results of treatment of 13 patients fulfilling the criteria for TTP are presented. Thrombocytopenia was present in all patients (100%). Eleven of 13 patients (84.6%) had conciousness disorder, and seven of 13 patients (53.8%) had renal impairment. Immunosuppressive therapy with plasmapheresis and replacement of removed volume with fresh frozen plasma ...
Bleich A - - 2001
Since many methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) clinics in the United States do not share with patients, information concerning their methadone dosage, we aimed to investigate the impact of patients being informed of their methadone dosage and the influence of ending blind dosing on treatment outcome. Seventy-four patients who were unaware ...
Merkin-Zaborsky H - - 2001
Wernicke's encephalopathy (WE) is most commonly associated with alcoholism, although other causes have also been implicated. In the years 1994-1997, 9 patients with no history of alcohol abuse presented with acute signs of ophthalmoplegia or nystagmus and ataxia which resolved within 48 h after intravenous thiamine. There were 7 women ...
Ağildere A M - - 2001
End-stage renal disease patients who have been on long-term hemodialysis tend to develop central nervous system complications. The most common neurologic complications in this patient group include white matter changes, cerebral atrophy, osmotic demyelination syndrome, dialysis encephalopathy, hypertensive encephalopathy, intracranial hemorrhage, infarct, sinus thrombosis, and infection. Clinical evaluation of these ...
Stanford J L - - 2000
INTRODUCTION: Hyperhomocyst(e)inemia (plasma homocyst(e)ine concentration >16.0 micromol/l) is an independent risk factor for atherosclerosis, and is ubiquitous in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Oral folate supplementation in the non-ESRD population has been demonstrated to reduce plasma homocyst(e)ine (Hcy) concentration, and may reduce atherosclerotic morbidity. This study was undertaken to ...
Martínez N M - - 2000
The aim of this study was toevaluate the prevalence of TT virus (TTV) in 107 hemodialysis patients and 100 healthy individuals. Sixteen percent of hemodialysis patients and 2% of the control population were TTV positive (P<0.001). Sex, time on dialysis, transfusions, and alanine aminotransferase levels were not related to the ...
Bailey B - - 2000
AIMS: To compare patients for whom hemodialysis was done for lithium poisoning and those for whom it was recommended by the poison control centre (PCC) but not done and to evaluate the effect of withholding hemodialysis on outcomes. METHODS: All lithium overdoses brought to the attention of the PCC were ...
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