Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 717
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Kobras K - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Patients with end-stage renal disease display enhanced genomic damage. We investigated the relation between genomic damage and different treatment modalities. METHODS: In a longitudinal study two groups of patients were analyzed in monthly intervals. We assessed the initiation of hemodialysis in 5 conservatively treated patients, and a switch from ...
Molino Daniela - - 2006
In patients with end-stage renal disease on maintenance hemodialysis, coagulation abnormalities such as hypercoagulability and thrombosis are common. Thrombotic complications in uremic patients are frequent and include those occurring at the vascular access and in the coronary, cerebral, and retinal arteries. Data do not entirely clarify the mechanisms involved and ...
Romão João Egidio JE - - 2006
BACKGROUND: An elevated serum level of acute-phase inflammatory markers is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease. We hypothesized that elevated acute-phase inflammatory markers are directly associated with the different stages of chronic kidney disease (CKD). METHODS: We evaluated the relationship between serum levels of high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP) ...
Ohlrich Heather - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the impact of holiday and other special-event meals on patients with chronic medical conditions. It is possible that patients are less adherent with dietary restrictions during such meals. We sought to determine the impact of Super Bowl parties on nutritional parameters among hemodialysis patients. OBJECTIVE: ...
Kotanko Peter - - 2006
Patients with chronic kidney disease and patients undergoing hemodialysis treatment show a sustained overactivity of the sympathetic nervous system, which originates from signals arising in the failing kidneys and traveling via afferent renal nerves to cardiovascular centers in the brainstem. Additional important factors are increased levels of angiotensin II and ...
Moon Jeong Mi - - 2006
The ingestion of small amounts of glyphosate herbicide usually causes only mild symptoms. However, when large volumes of concentrates are ingested intentionally, it can generate potentially fatal symptoms that are refractory to treatment. It also is well known that the treatment for glyphosate poisoning is primarily of a supportive nature. ...
Bauer Edith - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Regional anticoagulation using sodium citrate is used increasingly in hemodialysis patients at high risk for bleeding. However, citrate metabolism has never been evaluated systematically in hemodialysis patients, and it remains to be shown that citrate is cleared adequately in the presence of renal dysfunction. This study compares the pharmacokinetics ...
De Keulenaer B L BL Department of Intensive Care, Royal Darwin Hospital, Rocklands Drive, Tiwi, Northern Territory, Australia. - - 2005
We report the case of a critically ill 30-year-old chronic haemodialysis patient with a history of intravenous substance abuse whose intravenous access sites had become exhausted. She subsequently underwent elective insertion of a percutaneous translumbar inferior vena caval paired Tesio catheter and peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC line). This technique ...
Kitahara Tokuyuki - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Pulse wave velocity (PWV) and ankle-brachial blood pressure index (ABPI) are markers for atherosclerosis, and each predicts mortality in patients undergoing hemodialysis. However, there have been no studies in the past that compared head-to-head the clinical validity of these 2 parameters. Compared with conventional aortic PWV, brachial-ankle PWV (baPWV) ...
Huang Zhongping - - 2005
The relationship between delivered urea Kt/V and survival has raised concerns in recent outcome trials in chronic dialysis patients. Nevertheless, measurement of delivered small solute clearance remains the most common approach to quantify therapy. The purpose of this review is to provide an overview of the numerous factors influencing small ...
Chen Jerry C - - 2005
Outflow venous obstruction is a common problem in patients with autogenous upper extremity hemodialysis access. Surgical revision to divert blood flow into the patent vein is sometimes possible to restore unobstructed flow. The result of this type of procedure is not yet well known. The purpose of this report is ...
Akiyama Shinichiro - - 2005
BACKGROUND: We reported earlier that production of Cu/Zn-superoxide dismutase (SOD) increases markedly in hemodialysis patients but not in non-dialyzed chronic renal failure (CRF) patients. In this study, we compared the antioxidant effects of oral vitamin E supplementation (VE-PO) and vitamin E coating of a dialyzer (VE-BMD) by measuring increased Cu/Zn-SOD ...
Vercaigne Lavern M - - 2005
The purpose of this study was to compare erythropoietin dosage requirements during subcutaneous versus intravenous administration in a hemodialysis population. Hemodialysis patients receiving subcutaneous epoetin alfa were switched to the intravenous route using a prospective, crossover design. Baseline anemia parameters were measured at months -2, -1, and 0 when patients ...
Pena de la Vega Lourdes L Division of Nephrology and Hypertension , Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, MN 55905, - - 2005
To determine whether some adverse outcomes of hemodialysis could be explained by subclinical heparin-induced thrombocytopenia (HIT). Platelet factor 4 (PF4)-heparin antibodies were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay In a population-based cohort of hemodlalysis patients. Participants were then followed up prospectively for thromboembollc events, cardiovascular events, or death. Of the 59 ...
Ayus Juan Carlos - - 2005
Left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) and inflammation independently increase risk for death in people who receive hemodialysis. A nonrandomized, controlled trial was conducted of the effect of short daily (6 sessions/wk of 3 h each) or conventional (three sessions/wk of 4 h each) hemodialysis on LVH and inflammatory factors. A total ...
Rus Rina R - - 2005
Native arteriovenous fistula is the best vascular access for chronic hemodialysis. Primary and long-term success depends, in part, on the state of arteries and veins at the time of the operation. The aim of our study was to investigate the effects of intermittent compression of upper arm veins on forearm ...
van Laecke S - - 2005
The creation of an accurate functioning arteriovenous fistula has been a long-lasting problem in the hemodialysis setting. In spite of recent guidelines and largely because of the old age of the current dialysis population and a high incidence of diabetes mellitus, atherosclerosis, and related vascular problems, it is not always ...
Nolan Charles R - - 2005
Treatment of hyperphosphatemia in patients with chronic kidney disease on maintenance hemodialysis. Hyperphosphatemia in patients with ESRD leads to secondary hyperparathyroidism, renal osteodystrophy, and is independently associated with mortality risk. The exact mechanism by which hyperphosphatemia increases mortality risk is unknown, but it may relate to enhanced cardiovascular calcification. National ...
Chan Christopher T - - 2005
Cardiovascular disease is the principal cause of death in end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients. Endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) play a critical role in vascular repair, and improving EPC biology represents a novel therapeutic target. Three groups of age- and gender-matched patients were studied: 1) 10 healthy control, 2) 12 conventional ...
Ishimura Eiji - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Although an increased serum phosphate concentration is a significant risk factor for vascular calcification, it is unclear whether serum phosphate level is a risk factor for increased arterial wall thickness in hemodialysis patients. METHODS: Using B-mode ultrasonography, we examined intima-medial thickness (IMT) of the carotid artery of hemodialysis patients ...
Ohsawa Masaki - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors and the prevalence of comorbidities in adult hemodialysis patients in Japan are not fully understood. METHODS: In "Kaleidoscopic Approaches to Patients with End-stage Renal Disease Study" (The KAREN Study, 2003), trained research stuff examined 1,214 adult hemodialysis patients (mean age, 61.2 years; 779 ...
Mallamaci Francesca - - 2005
BACKGROUND: To date, the relationship between vascular access (VA) failure and plasma total homocysteine level has been investigated only in mixed dialysis populations (ie, patients with a native arteriovenous [AV] fistula or arterial graft), whereas almost no data exist for hemodialysis patients with a native AV fistula. METHODS: In this ...
Soroka Steven D - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Despite increasing numbers of patients receiving hemodialysis in satellite units (SHD), the economic aspects have not been widely explored. A cost analysis of SHD and in-center hemodialysis (ICHD) from a societal perspective was performed to establish the efficiencies associated with shifting resources and patients from ICHD to SHD. METHODS: ...
Hantson P - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The objective is to describe the kinetics of formate, the main toxic metabolite of methanol, in a series of consecutive patients treated in the same intensive care unit for severe methanol poisoning. METHODS: The charts of the patients admitted between 1987 and 2001 were reviewed. Inclusion criteria were: a ...
Ogata Hiroaki - - 2005
Calcium (Ca) overload by Ca-containing phosphorus (P) binder has been suggested to be implicated in the pathogenesis of soft tissue and vascular calcification, which contribute to increased morbidity and mortality of cardiovascular disease in patients undergoing dialysis. Recently, a noncalcium P binder, sevelamer hydrochloride (sevelamer), has become available in Japan. ...
Chand Deepa H - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Central venous catheters (CVCs) remain the most common vascular access in pediatric hemodialysis patients. Risks for infection and dysfunction are greatest among patients using CVCs as opposed to those with arteriovenous fistulae (AVFs) and arteriovenous grafts (AVGs). Studies of adult hemodialysis patients show greater morbidity and mortality in patients ...
Currie Jon N - - 2005
We report an outbreak of a "rash" syndrome in patients attending methadone clinics in New South Wales. It presents with a pruritic, exanthematous or purpuric rash involving the trunk, limbs, palms and soles, which develops over a week and proceeds in most patients to desquamation (mainly of palms and soles) ...
Azar Baradaran
This study was conducted to determine the association of serum albumin of hemodialysis patients with Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection. 124 subjects consisting of 44 (F = 27 M = 17) hemodialysis (HD) patients with 34 (F = 21 M = 13) non diabetic hemodialysis and 10 (F = 4 ...
M.D. Hamid Nasri
To investigate the relationship between homocysteine level and anemia in maintenance hemodialysis patients, a cross-sectional study that was conducted on patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) undergoing maintenance hemodialysis treatment. The study was carried out on 39 (F=15 M=24) stable hemodialysis HD patients. Mean ages of patients were 46?18 years. ...
Morcos Sameh K - - 2005
Contrast medium-induced nephrotoxicity (ie, contrast nephrotoxicity [CN]) remains an important complication of angiographic procedures. If administration of iodinated contrast medium is deemed necessary in patients at high risk of CN, volume expansion should be offered and the lowest possible dose of nonionic isosmolar dimeric or nonionic low-osmolar monomeric contrast medium ...
Dogan Ekrem - - 2005
Patients with chronic renal failure are at increased risk for tuberculosis (TB). Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) have recommended annual skin testing for TB, with tuberculin-purified protein derivative (PPD), in patients with chronic renal failure. Uremia alters the macrophage function, which can lead to anergy for skin tests. ...
Erten Yasemin - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Atherosclerotic lesions are heavily infiltrated by macrophages. Neopterin can be used as a marker of the activity of macrophages. Serum neopterin levels were elevated in non-renal patients with atherosclerosis. The intima-media thickness (IMT) of the carotid arteries in hemodialysis patients was significantly higher than in control subjects. In this ...
Bakaris Sevgi - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the relationship between corneoconjunctival calcification and conjunctival squamous metaplasia in patients with chronic renal failure (CRP). STUDY DESIGN: We studied impression cytology in 45 CRF patients on regular hemodialysis and 30 age- and sex-matched controls. Specimens were obtainedfrom the temporal bulbar conjunctiva using cellulose acetate filter paper. ...
Del Vecchio Lucia - - 2005
Despite an increase in the use and average dose of recombinant human EPO (rh-EPO) over the last 15 years, a substantial percentage of patients still do not achieve hemoglobin targets recommended by international guidelines. The definition of rh-EPO resistance has been introduced to identify those patients in whom the target ...
Hirakawa Noriko - - 2004
Patients on chronic hemodialysis are at high risk for endocarditis due to prosthetic access devices. Right-sided endocarditis without any predisposing factors is rare in dialysis patients. A 76-year-old female, who had chronic renal failure had been treated by hemodialysis and had a permanent pacemaker implanted, was admitted to our hospital ...
Mihaljević Dubravka - - 2004
Red blood cell osmotic resistance (RBCOR) is defined as resistance to osmotic changes in cell integrity after their exposure to hypotonic saline solution. The investigation examined the effect of rHuEPO on RBCOR in hemodialysed patients. The study included 58 patients aged 49 +/- 14 years, treated by hemodialysis for 59 ...
Ahsan S F - - 2004
A comparative study of the occurrence of chronic rhinosinusitis in clinics in the North of Scotland and Southern Caribbean was performed, to test the hypothesis that patients with chronic rhinosinusitis present more commonly in temperate climates than tropical climates. The data was collected prospectively over two month periods from outpatient ...
Trakarnvanich Thananda - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy, safety and side effects between subcutaneous and intravenous route of erythropoietin administration in Thai hemodialysis patients. DESIGN: Retrospective study. MATERIAL AND METHOD: Retrospective study of hemodialysis patients who switched the route of erythropoietin administration from subcutaneous to intravenous in the Renal Unit Department of Medicine, ...
Shoji Tatsuya - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The relationship between blood pressure (BP) and mortality in hemodialysis patients has remained controversial. Some studies suggested that a lower pre- or postdialysis BP was associated with excess mortality, while others showed poorer outcome in patients with uncontrolled hypertension. We conducted a multicenter prospective cohort study to evaluate the ...
Gabr Alaa-Eldin M - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to investigate the relationship between serum concentration of cardiac troponin T (cTnT) and other cardiac markers and ischemic heart disease (IHD) in end stage renal disease (ESRD) patients on chronic hemodialysis (HD). METHODS: This study was carried out at King Fahd Specialist Hospital, ...
Ribeiro Ralff C J - - 2004
Thirteen healthy subjects and 20 hemodialysis patients were studied to observe the delayed hypersensitivity skin tests (DHSTs) and phytohemagglutinin (PHA)-stimulating lymphocyte blastogenesis. Significant differences were observed between the groups. Controls had a higher proportion of positive skin reaction than hemodialysis patients in relation to Escherichia coli (p<0.01) and tuberculin (PPD) ...
Shaheen Faisal A - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Current phosphate binders used in hemodialysis patients include calcium-based binders that result in frequent hypercalcemia. The use of a calcium- and aluminum-free phosphate-binding polymer in hemodialysis (sevelamer) disclosed efficacy in the short and long-term studies. However, due to race differences we performed a short-term study on the Saudi hemodialysis ...
Teschner Markus - - 2004
First reports in German literature on the effective removal of uremic toxins by means of extracorporeal hemodialysis in bi-nephrectomized, acute uremic dogs were given by Heinrich Necheles and Georg Haas. These methods were viewed with great scepticism by Georg Ganter who criticized in particular the extensive operative procedure by use ...
Tarhan N Cagla - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Osmotic demyelination syndrome has been reported in patients with end-stage renal disease, but the specific MRI findings in this patient group have not been documented in detail. Our aims were to present the brain MRI findings during an episode after hemodialysis and at follow-up, and to identify possible factors ...
Emanuele Enzo - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Hemodialysis patients show a considerably higher risk of atherothrombotic disease than the general population. We investigated both lipoprotein(a) [Lp(a)] plasma levels and apolipoprotein(a) [apo(a)] phenotypes in relation to occurrence of atherothrombotic events in hemodialysis patients compared with subjects showing a normal kidney function. METHODS: Lp(a) levels and apo(a) isoforms ...
Paczek Leszek - - 2004
The contact of chronic hemodialysis patients' blood with components of extracorporeal circulation leads to mobilization of several systemic reactions. The purpose of this study was to determine the activity of transforming growth factor (TGF-beta1) and platelet derived growth factor (PDGF) in serum of patients on long-term hemodialysis program and to ...
Shinohara Kayo - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Hemodialysis patients have advanced arterial wall stiffening as shown by increased aortic pulse wave velocity (PWV), an independent predictor of cardiovascular mortality. We compared aortic PWV of uremic patients before starting hemodialysis treatment with that of patients on maintenance hemodialysis. METHODS: The subjects were 71 patients with end-stage renal ...
Polkinghorne Kevan R - - 2004
The native arteriovenous fistula (AVF) is the preferred vascular access because of its longevity and its lower rates of infection and intervention. Recent studies suggest that the AVF may offer a survival advantage. Because these data were derived from observational studies, they are prone to potential bias. The use of ...
Reinhold P. Linke,Peter Gielow,Peter ...
otein was then produced under conditions that allow the intravenous use in humans. Intraveneously applied indium-111-labelled rhb 2 mH 5 was monitored in hemodialysed patients with and without known b 2 m-amyloidosis. The tracer was localized specifically to particular areas known to contain amyloid. Thus, this rhb 2 mH 5 ...
Legroux-Crespel Emmanuelle - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Two recent studies have provided opposite results on the efficacy of naltrexone on uremic pruritus. We have performed a third study. OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy and tolerance of naltrexone and loratadine in uremic pruritus. PATIENTS/METHODS: Among 296 hemodialyzed patients, 65 suffered from uremic pruritus. Fifty-two patients participated in ...
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